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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1837, 

By J. H. Welkins and R. B. Carter, 

In the Clerk's r Office of the District Court of Massachusetts, 






When the Latin and English Lexicon, edited by the late Mr. Leverett, was published, an 
English and Latin Lexicon was announced as being in preparation. This work has been carried 
forward with as much rapidity as was consistent with the plan on which it was constructed. 

It cannot be expected that this second part should be either so new or so complete as the first. 
It is always much easier to render foreign into native words, than native into foreign. Li the one 
case, each word, which is given, as the signification of another, serves for a sign, which admits 
of a wide application ; in the other, a word often points only to a single step. In the one, 
the unknown is expressed in terms of the known ; in the other, the familiar is exhibited in the 
form of the unfamiliar. Besides this difficulty, common to all languages, there are peculiar obstacles 
to be overcome in conveying a modern language into an ancient. A living tongue is always 
pliant. It readily adopts and assimilates new expressions for new ideas, by giving a new tinge to 
words already in use, by naturalizing foreign terms, or by a direct creation. In this way it passes 
down from age to age, without growing old. A dead language, on the contrary, being no longer 
kept supple by daily use, is rigid and unyielding. Additions, instead of growing into its body, must 
often bear the appearance of appendages merely, and thus proclaim then* own strangeness. Yet 
such additions must be made, or expression will be hampered by clumsy circumlocutions, and 
unwieldy descriptions take the place of significant names. 

To contend successfully with these difficulties must needs require ripe scholarship, ample 
time and space, and useful auxiliary works. But, whether from too low an estimate of the 
importance of the task or an unwillingness to leave more attractive, and, perhaps, more lucrative 
studies, our scholars have not been active in this department. Those then, on whom the labor 
falls, can only do their best. So long a time had been consumed in the execution of the Latin and 
English Lexicon, that it was advisable to be as expeditious with the other as possible, and the 
volume was already so large that little room was left for what, if adequately performed, would 
demand at least another volume of equal size. The book, of which almost exclusive use has 
been made in preparing the part of this work that may be called new, is a late German and Latin 
Lexicon, by K. E. Georges. But this could be made available only by means of a circuitous and 
inconvenient process. 

Notwithstanding these hinderances, it was hoped that something might be put together, which, 
though it could not but be imperfect, should at least be methodical and clear. As the same idea 
is often expressed by the use of different parts of speech in different connections, it seemed 
conducive to clearness, especially in so succinct a work, to bring derived words under their 
primitives, distinguished however by a smaller type. This has been, in some cases, extended 
to words not strictly derived, but only cognate. The objection to such a course is, that oftentimes 
so great a dislocation of alphabetical order is produced, as to render it difficult to find a word. 
This difficulty has been obviated, either by adhering in such cases to that order, or by giving the 
word under its primitive, and referring thither from its alphabetical place. The liberty has also 
been taken of omitting many words which seemed to be of slight importance. Some pages, 
thus arranged, were shown to Mr. Leverett, and met with his approval. 

But it was soon found impossible, from the slowness with which the work advanced, even to 
carry out this plan, and it was accordingly broken off at the word Commence, on the fifty-sixth page. 
No course then remained but to take some manual already in use, and improve it, as far as was pos- 
sible in a limited time. Ainsworth's Dictionary most readily presented itself, and the rest of this 
book, being about five-sixths of the whole, is made up mainly of that. The work of Ainsworth has 
many faults, so many, indeed, that to correct them entirely would be nearly as laborious as to make a 
new book. Among other things, it is so confusedly thrown together, that even what is there is not 
easily found. To this point attention has been chiefly directed. The whole has been wrought 


into a more orderly arrangement, which presents each part of speech by itself, and accords with 
what had been already finished. Sometimes, indeed, along with the derived signification of a 
word, are given those which are underived, though the word is printed as if it were wholly 
derivative. In these cases, perhaps, the parts of the word would have been better separated. But 
this circumstance will hardly produce any confusion. Though more care has been turned to the 
arrangement than to any other point, it was sometimes found to be so completely vicious, that a 
thorough correction was impossible, without a longer delay than was practicable. The arrange- 
ment, however, has been by no means the sole object of attention. Various other alterations, as 
many as time would allow, have been introduced throughout. Articles have been entirely, or 
almost entirely, written anew, and much that was incorrect or redundant has been stricken out. 
It is hoped that, in this form, the work may be found to have gained in usefulness. 

A few abbreviations have been employed ; as, prop, for properly, fig. for figuratively, gen. for 
generally, esp. for especially, and others which speak for themselves. When a word or words 
enclosed thus ( ) follow others, they belong only to the word or phrase next preceding, if no comma 
intervene ; but if separated from that by a comma, they are to be referred to all which precede, 
until a fuller stop than a comma is reached. When a word or words so enclosed precede others, 
with an intervening comma, they are usually to be referred to all the words which follow, till 
others, similarly enclosed, occur. Thus, under the word Come, the words, {of persons), refer to what 
follows, down to {of things) ; and {prop, and fig.) belong both to venire and pervenire, while {come, 
arrive), belong only to advenire. But use will make these clearer. 






A or AN, as an article prefixed either 
5 to a substantive which is in apposi- 
tion or the predicate, is not expressed in 
Latin ; as, Crassus, an excellent orator, 
Crassus orator optimus ; I am a man, 
homo sum. — Joined with a subject 
or object which is pointed out as actu- 
ally present, but not expressly referred 
to any particular individual ; as, in the 
definition of a thing, in definitione alicu- 

jiis rei. IT A, i. e. a certain, quidam. 

IT A, marking a certain condition or 

relation, quidam ; as, Fabius, a Pelignian, 
Fabius Pelignus quidam. IT It is ex- 
pressed by the plural in some phrases, 
where it means a small or great num- 
ber, collectively taken, and is in this way 
considered as a whole or unity : thus, 
many a man, multi (homines understood); 
he has done me many a kindness, haud 
pauca or multa beneficia in me contulit. 

IT A, i. e. one, unus. — Not a man, 

ne unus quidem. TT It is also dif- 
ferently expressed ; thus, twice a week, 
bis in hebdomada ; once a year, semel 
singulis annis ; one out of a tribe, singu- 

li ex singulis tribubus. ft bushel, in 

singulos modios. — Four acres a man, 
quaterna in singulos jugera. — A day, 
in diem. — A man, i. e. each man, in 
singula capita. — Two hunting-shows 
a day for five days, binse venationes per 
dies quinque. — To the generals were 
given eight thousand infantry apiece, du- 
cibus octona millia peditum data. — 

Bring two a piece, binos adferte. 1T / 

go aliunting, eo venatum, eo ad venan- 

dum. IT A foot longer, shorter, &c. 

See By. 

ABANDON, cedere (aliquo or ex ali- 
quoloco), relinquere, deserere, destitu- 
ere, deficere, deesse (alicui) ; dimittere, 
abjicere, deponere, desistere (aliqua re 
and de re) ; (resign or give up) himself to, 
totum se dare, tradere, dedere alicui or 
alicui rei. — To abandon hope, spem ab- 
jicere. — a siege, obsidione desistere. 

Abandoned (forsaken), destitutus, etc. ; 
(givenup), deditus, etc. ; — (wicked), per- 
ditus, flagitiosus, profligatus,sceleratus. 
Abandoned by hope, a spe destitutus. 

Abandonment, derelictio, destitutio, etc.; 
or bii the tenses of the verbs. 

ABASE, deprimo, minuo, obscuro ; him- 
self, sibi derogare, se abjicere. 

Abasement, imminutio, depressio, etc. 

ABASH, pudore, rubore aliquem affi- 
cere, suffundere ; pudorem, ruborem 
alicui incutere, injicere ; ignominia, 
dedecore notare ; sensu dedecoris affi- 
cere ; confundere. — To be abashed, eru- 
bescere, pudorem, ruborem contra- 

ABATE, I. v. a. (diminish), minuere, im- 
minuere, levare (pretium, annonam), 
remittere (aliquid, or de aliqua re). 

— a man's courage, reprimere, or percel- 
lere animum, tondere cristam. — one's 
power, refringere vim. — (in accounts) 
subducere,detrahere, remittere. — Tlie 
sum shall not be abated one jot, de summa 
nihil decedet. — II. v. n. imminui, de 
crescere, remitti, se remittere, remitte 
re. — in one's flesh, attenuari, macresce 
re. — The heat abates, oestus defervescit 

— His sickness begins to abate, leviormor 
bus esse coepit. 

Abatement, deminutio, deductio, sub 
ductio, imminutio. — To make an abate 


in breve 

— To take 

ment, decessionem de summa facere.- 
Abatement of the disease, remissio morbi 

ABATIS, concedes, arborum tractus. 

ABBEY, abbatia. 

Abbot, abbas, archimandrita. 

Abbess, abbatissa, antistita 

Abbotship, abbatis munus. 

ABBREVIATE, contrahere, 
or in angustum cogere. 

Abbreviation, contractio ; 
urn, scripture compendium. 
down in writing by abbreviations, per 
compendia excipere aliquid. 

ABDICATE, magistratum deponere, ma- 
gistratu se abdicare (very rarely magi- 
stratum abdicare). 

Abdication, abdicatio muneris. 

ABDOMEN, abdomen, venten 

ABED. — To be abed, in lectojacere or es- 
se, jacere, cubare. — / lie abed till the 
fourth hour, ad quartam (horam) jaceo. 

ABERRATION, error, declinatio ; (of 
mind), alienatio(mentis), error (mentis). 

ABET (aid), adjuvare, sustinere, sup- 
petias ferre, ab aliquo stare. IT (en- 
courage), impellere, incitare, instiga- 
re. — To be abetted to the noblest studies, 
ad optima incitari studia. 

Abettor, adjutor, socius, administer, sa- 
telles ; concitator, impulsor, stimulator. 

ABHOR, detestari, fastidire (aliquem, 
aliquid or ab aliqua re), abhorrere, 
aversari, abominari, odisse ; repudi- 
are, respuere, rejicere, dedignari; 
refugere. — To abhor studies, mar- 
riage, abhorrere a studiis, a nuptiis. 

Abhorrence, detestatio, aversatio alicu- 

Abhorrent, detestans, alienus, etc. ; 
(contrary to, inconsistent with), alienum 
(ab) aliqua re. 

ABIDE, I. v. n. (tarry, dwell), morari, 
commorari, habitare ; (last), durare, 
perdurare, permanere, perstare, persi- 
stere. — The ant in winter abides at 
home, domi manet formica. — II. v. a. 
(await, tarry for), prastolari (alicui or 
aliquem), opperiri ; (be at hand to, 
threaten), manere aliquem, impendere 
alicui. — (bear, stand out), ferre, perferre, 
durare, tolerare, sustinere, perpeti. 

Abode (a dwelling), habitatio, sedes, 
domicilium ; (tarrying), commoratio, 
statio, mansio ; (abiding), habitatio. 
Ibode in the country, rusticatio. 

ABILITY. See Able. 

ABJECT, nihili, nullo in numero, vilis, 
sordidus ; perditus, profligatus, abje- 
ctus, illiberalis. 

Abjectness, illiberalitas, animus abje- 
ctus ; vilitas. 

ABJURE (forswear ), abjuro ; (renounce), 
ejuro, renuncio. 

Abjuration, abjuratio, etc. 

ABLATIVE CASE, auferendi casus, 
sextus casus. 

ABLE (fit), capax alicujus rei, idoneus ; 
(powerful), potens ; (strong), fortis, ro- 
bustus, validus ; (in mind or skill), 
sollers, ingeniosus, peritus, habilis ; 
(wealthy), dives, opulentus. — / am able 
(to do this or that), possum, valeo (poet.) 
etc. — You have been able to overthrow 
the laws, ad evertendas leges valuisti. — 
As far as I am able, pro meis viribus, pro 
mea parte, quantum possum (or fat. pote- 
ro). — I am able to manage myself, sum 
compos. — As well as he was able, quod 


potuit. — lam not able to pay, solvendo 
non sum. — He was an able speaker, mul- 
tum valuit dicendo. — Able to bear the 
dust and sun, patiens pulveris atque so- 

lis. ible to bear envy, invidiae par. — / 

am very able, praspolleo, prrevaleo. 

Able-bodied, robustus, firmus. 

Aeility (power, influence), vires, facul- 
tas, potentia ; (strength), robur ; (riches), 
opes, divitise ; (one's circumstances), res. 

— To the best of my ability, pro meis vi- 
ribus, ut potero, quantum in me or in 
mea potestate situm or positum est. — 
To have ability for a thing, habilem, 
aptum esse ad aliquid ; naturally, natum 

esse ad aliquid. IT Abilities, dotes 

animi, ingenium ; (skill), peritia, sci- 
entia, sollertia. 

Ably, fortiter, strenue ; ingeniose, soller- 
ter, perite ; bene. 

ABLUTION, ablutio. 

ABOARD, adv. (a ship), in nave esse. — 

To go aboard, navim conscendere. 

|| See Board. 

ABODE. See Abide. 

ABOLISH, v. a. (disannul), aboleo, abro- 
go, rescindo; (put an end to, destroy), 
tollo, deleo, exstinguo. 

Abolishing or Abolition, abolitio, subla- 
tio, dissolutio, etc. 

ABOMINATE, v. a. abominor, abhorreo, 
detestor, exsecror. 

Abomination, detestatio ; res exsecran- 
da, nefas. 

Abominable, detestabilis, detestandus. 

Abominably, nefarie, fcede, odiose, tur- 

ABORIGINES, aborigines, autochthones. 

Aboriginal, ad aborigines pertinens. 

ABORTION (untimely birth), abortus, 
abortio ; (abortive child), abortus, in- 

fans immaturus. 1 medicine or drug 

that causes abortion, abortivum : to suffer 
abortion, abortum facere (also, to cause 
abortion) : to cause abortion, a. inferre. 

Abortive, abortivus . Abortive design, 

negotium irritum. 

ABOUT, prep, circa, circum, circiter ; as, 
circa regem, etc. .- — Adv. circa, cir- 
cumciroa. — The earth turns about itsax- 
is, terra circum axem se convertit. — To 
go about from city to city, urbes circum- 
ire. — About 10,000, ad (circiter) de- 
cern millia. So, ad quae tempora, ad 
(sub) solis occasum ; there were about 
200 of them, erant ad ducentos ; about 
noon, ad or circiter meridiem. — 
About the bottom of the page, quasi 
in extrema or iina pagina. — About 
the same time, sub idem tempus. — 
(nigh, almost, near about), instar, quasi, 
fere. — (of, concerning), de, super, circa. 

— (verging to), ad — versus ; as, ad meri- 
diem versus. IT To be about (ready 

to do), is rendered by the participle in rus ; 
as, he is about to receive the government, 

imperium obtenturus est. TT To go 

about (attempt), aggredior, me accingo, 
capesso ; (in words), vitabundum cir- 
cumire aliquid, circuitione or ambagibus 
uti. — Wliat are you about? quid pa- 
ras ? — i You are long about that business, 

diu es in hoc negotio. 1T See that you 

have your wits about you, fac ut apud te 
sis. IT About is often expressed by cir- 
cum in composition ; sometimes by re (as, 
aliquid retorquere ad or in aliquid). 

ABOUND, abundo, affluo, redundo, exu- 
bero, scateo. 

4 Q 




Abundance, abundantia, copia, ubertas, 
amuentia, affatim (with gen.). — In 
abundance, Abundantly, abunde, abun- 
danter, cumulate, satis superque, affa- 
tim, ubertim, plene, copiose. 
Abundant, abundans, affluens, copiosus, 

ABOVE (inplace), super, supra. I recline 
aboveyouat table, supra te or superior te 
accumbo ; — {inplace, station, rank), ma- 
jor, prior, superior, praestantior ; (more 
than), plus, amplius, magis quam ; (h 
yond), ante, praeter, ultra. Above what 
was ria-ht, ultra quam oportebat. He 
loved him above the rest, amabat eum prae 
ter ceteros. — Above all, ante omnia, im 
primis ; potissimum ; pr&sertim. -(up, up 
hio-h), sursum. — From above, desuper, 
superne, coelitus. — Over and above this, 
praeterea, insuper, ad hoc or haec ; ultro. 
— Above board (openly, candidly), aperte, 
integre. — dbove mentioned, supra dictus. 

/Is above said, ut supra scripsi. — 

Above ground, in vivis. — To be above 
(appear higher), exstare, extra apparere ; 
(excel), eminere,praestare, superare, an- 

tecedere, antecellere. IT He is above 

such things, elatiori animo est, quam ut 
haec agat. 

ABREAST, requa fronte. — Two, three, 
four horses abreast, biga, triga, quadri- 
ga ; equi bijuges, trijuges, quadrijuges. 

ABRIDGE (deprive of), privo, orbo ; (short- 
en), contraho, in compendium redigo. 

Abridgment, compendium, epitome. 

ABROAD (not in the house), foris, in pu- 
blico, sub dio.—He goes abroad, i. e. out 
of doors, foras exit, in apertum prodit, in 

medium, in publicum procedit TTZV» 

go abroad (into foreign parts), abire per- 
egre ; so, to be abroad, esse peregre ; to 
return from abroad, venire or redire pere- 
gre. "^Abroad, i. e. here and there, all 

about, vage, late, passim, vulgo. 

IT To spread abroad, set abroad, vulgare, 
edere, promulgare, divulgare. 

ABROGATE, abrogo, antiquo, aboleo, 

ABRUPT, abruptus, praeruptus ; repens, 
repentinus, subitus. 

Abruptly, proerupte, abrupte, raptim ; 
repente, derepente, subito. 

Abruptness, by a circumlocution. 

ABSCESS, abscessus, apostema. 

ABSCOND, v. a. abscondere, occultare. 
— v. n. se abdere aliquo, delitescere in 
aliquo loco. 

ABSENCE, absentia, peregrinatio. — In 
one'' s absence, absente aliquo! 

To be Absent, abesse, desiderari.— To be 
absent in mind, animo excurrere et vagari, 
aliud agere, aliud cogitare. — To absent 
Awi-te//,abdere se aliquo, non comparere. 

ABSOLUTE (complete, perfect), plane ab- 
solutus, ad finem perductus, perfectus, 
omnibus numeris completus, exquisi- 

tus. 1T (not relative, in and by itself), 

simpliciter et ex sua vi consideratus, 
Cic. — The absolute (in philosophy), id 
quod semper est simplex et uniusmodi, 
ettale, quale est, Cic. ; perfecta et ab- 
soluta ratio, perfectum aliquid et abso- 

lutum. IF (unconditional), simplex, 

absolutus. — An absolute necessity , sim- 
plex et absoluta necessitudo. 

U (unlimited), infinitus, summus. — 
power, innnita potestas. — rule, imperi- 
um siimmum, quum dominatu unius 
omnia tenentur j dominatio. — master, 
dominus. — ruler, tyrannus. 

ABsoLUTELY(r/otreZaiii)eZ(/),per se, simpli- 
citer et ex sua vi. IT (unconditionally) , 

simpliciter ; (altogether, out and out), 
plane, prorsus, omnino ; utique. 

Absoluteness (completeness), perfectio, 
etc. ; (in dominion), dominatio. 

ABSOLVE, absolvere (aliquem alicujus 
rei, re, or de re), crimine liberare, a 
culpa, liberum promulgare. 

Absolution, absolutio(bominis, of avian; 
majestatis, from the crime of treason), 

Jiberatio (culpae) ; venia. IT (from 

sin), venia peccatorum. — To grant abso- 
lution, peccatoruin veniam et impunita- 
tem piomittere Dei nomine. 

ABSORB, absorbere ; bibere, imbibere. — 
Fig. to be absorbed in a thing, omnem or 
totum esse in re. 

Absorbents, absorbentia. 

ABSTAIN (refrain from), abstinere or 
abstinere se (a) re, se continere a re, 

temperare sibi quominus, etc., tempera- 
re (sibi) a re, parcere from food, se 

abstinere cibo. — from pleasures, avolu- 
ptatibus temperare, voluptatum amoeni- 
tates rejicere, voluptatibus bellum indi- 
cere, voluptatis illecebras declinare. — 
from theft and robbery, manus abstinere 
ab alienis pecuniis. 
Abstinence, abstinentia, continentia. — 

from food, abstinentia, jejunium. 
Abstinent, abstinens, continens. 
ABSTEMIOUS, temperatus, continens ; 

(not given to wine), abstemius. 

tergens, detergens. 
ABSTINENCE See Abstain. 
ABSTRACT, v. (epitomize), contraho, in 
compendium redigo,epitomen facio,scri- 
bo ; (separate), abstraho, separo, segrego. 
Abstract, adj. sevocatus a sensibus, ab- 
ductus a consuetudine oculorum. — An 
abstract idea, notio rei a materia sejun- 
ctae et simplicis. 
Abstract, s. breviarium, compendium, 

epitome, synopsis. 
ABSTRUSE, abstrusus, obscurus, recon- 

ABSURD, absurdus, ineptus, futiris. 
Absurdity, res absurda, parum rationi 


ABUSE (not to use properly), abuti, per- 
verse uti ; (deceive), decipere, fallere, cir- 
cumvenire ; (deflower)^ vitiare, stuprare, 
polluere ; (in language), conviciari, con- 
viciis, contumeliis lacessere ; (in action, 
treat ill), injuriam inferre alicui, deuti 
Abuse, s. usus or abusus perversus, abu- 
sus; mos pravus ; vexatio, injuria, con- 
tumelia; convicia. 
Abusive, dicax, maledicus, petulans, 

ABYSS, profundum, abyssus. 
ACADEMY, schola, ludus literarius ; 

gymnasium (high-school) ; academia. 
Academic, academicus. 
ACCEDE (came over, assent), accedere 
alicui rei or ad aliquid. — to an opinion, 
sententiae assentiri, accedere ; ire, 
transire in alicujus sententiam — to an 
alliance, ad societatem accedere or se> 
ACCELERATE, accelero, festino, prope- 

ACCENT, s. accentus ; (tone of a sylla- 
ble), tonus ; (mark), vocis nota. 
To Accent (accentuate), syllabee notam 

apponere j (pronounce), pronuntiare. 
ACCEPT, accipio, recipio. — To ac- 
cept kindly, gratum et acceptum habe- 
re, eequi et boni consulere, in bonam 
partem accipere. 
Acceptable, acceptus, gratus, jucundus. 
Acceptably, cum assensu ; optato, ex 

Acceptance, acceptio ; comprobatio ; fa- 
Acceptation (regard, Sec), comproba- 
tio, assensio, voluntas, favor. 

IT (meaning), sensus, significatio. — 
This word has a quite different acceptation, 
haec vox longe aliter sonat. 
ACCESS, accessus, aditus, admissio. — 
To have access to any one, copiam con- 
veniendi aliquem habere ; to get it, ad 
congressuin or colloquium alicujus ad- 
mitti, pervenire. — To give access, adi- 
tum alicui dare ad aliquid, aliquem ad- 
mittere ad aliquid ; (to himself), potesta- 
tem sui facere. — / have access to the libra- 
ry, mihi libri patent. 
Accessible (to be come at), cui accessus 
patet ; (to be spoken with), affabilis, comis. 
Accession (to an office), introitus muneris ; 
— the day of his accession to the throne, 

dies, quo regnare primum coepit. 

^(increase, enlargement), accessio, incre- 
mentum. — Toreceive accession, crescere, 
accrescere, augeri. 
Accessory, sceleris socius, crimini affi- 
nis. — subst. conscius, socius. — It was 
thought he was accessory, praebuit suspi- 
cionem conscientiae. 
ACCIDENCE (of grammar), grammatices 

elementa prima. 
ACCIDENT (chance), casus, fors, fortuna • 
(mishap), casus adversus, or also casus, 
in co m mod urn, res mala. — By 
accident, forte fortuna. 


Accidental, fortuitus, forte obi atus ; (not 

essential), adventitius, ascitus. 
Accidentally, forte, casu, fortuitu, for- 
tuito. — It happened accidentally that, &c 
forte evenit, casu accidit, ut, etc. 
ACCLAMATION, clamor, acclamatio. 
ACCLIVITY, acclivitas. 
ACCOMMODATE (fit), aptare, accommo- 
dare ; (furnish with) , instruere (aliquem 
aliqua re), suppeditare (alicui rem) j 
(make up), componere, dirimere ; thus, 
litem or controversiam dirimere, con- 
troversias componere. 
Accommodation, (adaptation), accommo- 
datio, convenientia ; (composition of a dif- 
ference), compositio, reconciliatio con- 
cordias. — In pi. (conveniences), commo- 
da (vitae). 
ACCOMPANY, comitari, se comitem 
praebere, comitem esse (alicujus) ; prose- 
qui, deducere ; sectari, assectari. Fig. 
to accompany a present with obliging 
words, munus suum ornare verbis. — 
To accompany (in music), vocem fidibus 
jungere, ad chordarum sonum cantare. 
Accompaniment, to sing with accompani- 
ment of the flute, remixto carmine tibiis 
canere aliquid, Horat. 
ACCOMPLICE, sceleris socius, parti- 

ceps, consors. 
ACCOMPLISH, absolvo, perficio, pera- 
go, exsequor, persequor, ad finem addu- 
co;—(a vow), pressto, solvo, persolvo.— 
one's desire, votis fruor or potior. — To 
accomplish nothing, nihil proficere. 
Accomplished, summus, ornatus ; erudi- 
tus, doctus ; urbanus, elegans, ad un- 
guem factus ;— vir omnibus artibus, quae- 
libero dignas sunt, perpolitus; vir omni 
vita atque victu excultus atque expolitus. 
Accomplishment, exsecutio, peractio. — 
Accomplishments, artes bonoe, liberates j 
virtutes ; excellentiae. 

ACCORD, s. concordia, consensus Of 

one's own accord, ultro, sponte. 
To Accord, sentire cum, assentire, con- 
sentire; (grant), dare alicui, conferre in 
aliquem, concedere alicui.. 
Accordant, assentiens, consentiens, con- 

According as, prout, perinde ut,' utcun- 
que, pro eo ac, pro eo ut. — Accord- 
ing as I deserve, pro eo ac mereor. 
According to, ad, de, e or ex, secun- 
dum, pro. — According to truth, &c. 
exveritate, ex pacto, e°natura, conve- 
nienter natura, etc. — According to my 
power, pro viribus meis ; quantum ire 
me situm est ; ut potero. 
Accordingly, sic, pariter, congruenter. 
ACCOST, aliquem adire, compellare, al- 

loqui ; aggredi, adoriri. 
ACCOUNT, v. (reckon), numero, suppu- 
to, computo, reputoj (consider, hold), 
aestimo, habeo, pendo ; (esteem), aestimo, 
magni asstimo, in deliciis habeo. — He 
is accounted next to the king, secundus a 
rege habetur. 
Account, s. (reckoning), ratio ; (estima- 
tion), numerus ; (esteem, consideration), 
existimatio, auctoritas, honor. — To 
learn accounts, arithmetica discere. — 
To give account of one's actions, rationem 
factorum reddere. — To place to account, 
in rationem referre. — To take an account 
of, rationem ab aliquo accipere. — It is a 
clear account, ratio apparet. — To cast 
accounts, rationem inire (alicujus rei)» 
rationes or calculos subducere. — Our 
accounts correspond, ratio inter nos ac- 
cepti et expensi convenit. — To put in- 
to the accounts, rationibus inferre. 9 

book of accounts, codex accepti et expen- 
si or codex, rationes, tabulae, adversa- 
ria (waste-book) . — To call to an account, ra- 
tionem reposcere ab aliquo ; aliquem ad 

rationem alicujus rei revocare. IT To 

make great account of ', magni or plurimi fa- 
cere or asstimare. — To make no account of, 
flocci, nihili, pili, pendere, facere, a;sti- 
mare ; nullo numero habere. — A man 
of great account, vir summse auctorita- 
tis, existimationis, vir illustris, auctori- 
tate praditus, magni pretii, carus. — 
Things of no account, res leves, nugss, 
quisquiliae. — People of no account, capi- 
ta ignota, homines viles. — Authors of 

good account, classici auctores. IT (a 

reason), causa, ratio ; as, causam explico, 
rationem reddo. — On this account, hac 
de causa. — On which account, quare. — 




On what account ? cur. — On his account, 

illius causa, or gratia. 17 (relation, 

narration), narratio, relatio, memoria, 
rei gestiE expositio. — To give an ac- 
count of a battle, proelii decursum ordine 

exponere. TT (exposition), explicatio, 


Accountable, cui ratio reddenda est.—/ 
■will be accountable for the expense, praesta- 
bo sumptum. — To make one's self ac- 
countable for, in se recipere. 

AccouNTANT,tabularius, rationarius, actor 
summarum ; to be one's accountant, a 
rationibus alicujus esse, alicujus res ac 
rationes curare. 

ACCOUTRE, apparo, orno, instruo. 

Accoutrements, arraa, apparatus, orna- 

ACCREDIT, fidem facere or afferre ali- 
cui rei, fidem addere;confirmare. 

Accredited, verus, fide dignus. — An 
accredited ambassador, legatus publice or 
publica auctoritate missus. 

ACCRUE, accresco, onor, advenio, acce- 
do ; reddor. 

ACCUMULATE, accumulo, coacervo, 
congero. — v. n. cumulari, crescere, 

ACCURATE, diligens, accuratus, exa- 
ctus, limatus, subtilis. /Inaccurate ac- 
count, ratio quae convenit or constat. 

Accuracy, diligentia, accuratio ; subtili- 

Accurately, accurate, diligenter, ad 

ACCURSED, exsecratus, devotus ; (exe- 
crable), nefar ius, nefandus. 

ACCUSE, accuso, postulo, arguo, arces- 
so, reum ago ; in jus voco, actio- 
nem intendo ; criminor. — To ac- 
cuse falsely, crimen in aliquem fingere ; 
falsa cr iminatione uti. — To accuse one of 
a capital crime, accusare aliquem capitis, 
in judicium capitis vocare. — of a thing, 
accusare aliquem alicujus rei or de re. 

— a man to a man, aliquem criminari 
apud aliquem. 

Accusation, accusatio, crimen, crimina- 
tio, postulatio, delatio (secret), indici- 
um, calumnia (malicious) ; bill of accu- 
sation, I ibellus ; a railing accusation, ma- 

Accuser, accusator ; criminator ; (inform- 
er), index ; a secret accuser, delator ; a 
slanderous, false, malicious accuser, ca- 
lumniator, quadruplator. 

ACCUSATIVE CASE, casus accusati- 
vus or quartus, accusandi casus. 

ACCUSTOM (to habituate), assuefacio, 
consuefacio ; in consuetudinem adduco : 
(myself, become accustomed), me assuefa- 
cio, assuesco, consuesco -. — Met. imbuo. 

— I am accustomed, soleo, mini mos or 

moris est, assuevi. TT Accustomed or 

wont (to do any thing), assuefactus, as- 
suetus, consuetus ; (to be said), usitatus, 
tritus ; (to be done), solitus, more or usu 
receptus. — Not accustomed, insuetus, 
insolitus, insolens. 

ACERBITY" (sourness), acerbitas ; (severi- 
ty), duritia, rigor, severitas. 

ACHE, or ACHING, dolor; of the belly, 
tormina ventris ; of the head, Sec, dolor 
capitis, etc. — To ache, dolere, condo- 
lere. — The ache bone, coxa, coxendix, 
os coxae. 

ACHIEVE, patro, perpetro, conficio, per- 
ago, gero, obeo, perfungor; assequor, 
potior, obtineo. 

Achievements, res gestoa. An immortal 
achievement, facinus or opus immortale. 

ACID, a. acidus ; s. res acida, acidum. — 
A little acid, acidulus. 

Acidity, aciditas, acor. 

ACKNOWLEDGE (recognize, own), ag- 
nosco ; (a fault), fateor, confiteor ; (a 

kindness), aliquid acceptum refero 

Gratefully to acknowledge kindnesses, be- 
neficia grate interpretari. — To ac- 
knowledge a debt, confiteri aes ac debi- 
tum, or nomen ; (a son), agnoscere fili- 

um. TT (to approve, allow), probare, 


Acknowledgment, confessio ; professio ; 
agnitio, comprobatio ; gratia, gratiae. 

— To make due acknowledgment, gra- 
tias agere or persolvere alicui. 

ACORN, glans. — A little acorn, glandula. 

ACQUAINT (advertise, inform'), aliquem 
certiorem facere alicujus rei or de re, 
nuntiare alicui aliquid, rem alicui indi- 

care. — To acquaint one's self with a per- 
son, noscere, cognoscere aliquem. 

Acquainted with the country, peritus 
regionis, gnarus locorum ; with Greek 
and Roman literature, doctus Graecis et 
Latinis Uteris. — To become acquainted 
with something, alicujus rei scientiam 
consequi, aliqua re imbui. — To be ac- 
quainted with something, peritum, gna- 
rum esse alicujus rei ; versatum, volu- 
tatum esse in re. — Tomake one's self ac- 
quainted with a thing, alicujus rei cogni- 

tionem capere, discere aliquid. 

IT To make a man acquainted with another, 
aliquem ad aliquem deducere. — To be 
acquainted with one, nosse aliquem ; inti- 
mately, aliquo or alicujus amicitia. fa- 
miliariter uti. 

Acquaintance (with a person), notitia, 
usus, consuetudo, commercium ; inti- 
mate, familiaritas : — acquaintance with 
a thing, notitia, scientia. — To make 
acquaintance with one, aliquem cognosce- 
re. — To have no personal acquaintance with 
one, ignorare aliquem. — To be acquaint- 
ed with a thing, notitiam or scientiam rei 
habere. ^An acquaintance, notus, ami- 
cus (friend), familiaris (intimate acquaint- 
ance). — A very intimate acquaintance, 
intima familiaritate conjunctus. — He 
is an old acquaintance of mine, usus mihi 
vetus et consuetudo cum eo intercedit — 
We are old acquaintance, inter nos vetus 
usus intercedit. 

ACQUIESCE (be satisfied), ac-, re-, con- 
quiesco. — To acquiesce in one's lot, sor- 
te sua contentum vivere. TT To ac- 
quiesce in (put up with, bear), aliquid pati, 

aliquid non abnuere. TT To acquiesce 

in (assent to), assentior, comprobo. 

Acquiescence, tranquillitas animi ; pa 

ACQUIRE (get), acquire, colligo ; pario 
reperio, adipiscor, pare, assequor, lu 
cror, potior ; (learn), disco, arripio. 

Acquiring, or Acquirement, adeptio 

comparatio. TT A person of great ac 

quirements, admodum peritus, doctus 

Acquisition, accessio, fructus, lucrum. 

ACQUIT (from debt), solvo, libera, dissol- 
vo ; in judgment, ex reis eximo, in 

sontem declare, absolvo, libera. 

IT He acquits himself well, officio bene fun 
gitur. — He acquits himself of his vows 
vota solvit, persolvit, reddit ; votis se li 
berat. — To acquit one's self of a promise, 
fidem exsolvere. — of a business, nego 
tium conficere. — of a commission, man 
data exponere. — of a duty, officium ex 
sequi, officii partes explere. 

Acquittal, or Acquitment, absolutio. 

An Acquittance, acceptilatio. — To give 
an acq. (receipt) for, acceptum referre 

ACRE, paullo plus quam jugerum cum 

ACRID, ACRIMONIOUS, acer, acidus. 
IT Fig. durus, rigidus, acerbus. 

Acrimony, acor, acrimonia. U Fi t 

acrimonia, acerbitas, acritudo. 

ACROSS, transverse, e transverso, per 
transversum. — Lying across, trans 
versarius. — To walk across the forum 
transverso foro ambulare. — To draw 
trenches across the ways, fossas transver 

sas viis perducere. IT Fig. an un 

foreseen evil comes across my path, malun 
de improviso mihi objicitur. — Something 
comes across my mind, percutit aliquid 
animum meum. 

ACT, v. (do), ago, facio, ago rem ; one's 
part, officio fungor, manus admini- 
stro ; (imitate), agere, simulare, imitari 

— To act stage plays, ludos scenicos 
agere, histrioniam exercere. — To act. 
the part of, agere aliquem or alicujus 
partes ; alicujus personam tueri. — To 
act the sick man, simulare aegrum or simu- 
lare se aegrum esse. 

Act, s. factum, gestum ; (decree), decre- 
tum ; of the senate, senatusconsultum ; 
of the commons, plebiscitum ; of indem- 
nity, injuriarum oblivio, lex oblivionis ; 

— (in a play), actus ; — (exploit), facinus, 
res gesta. — An act of wickedness, scelus. 

— Avery bad act, flagitium. -r- An un- 
worthy act, facinus indignum, illiberale. 

# noble act, praeclarum facinus. — Sets 

registered, acta. 

Acting, actio ; simulatio. 

An Action, factum, res. ^Action (on 


the stage), actio : — the action (of a play), 
argumentum. — Action (of an orator) ac- 
tio. ■ IT Action (agency, operation), 

actio ; effectus. — The merit of virtue 
consistsin action, laus virtutis in actione 
consistit. — Fit for action, ad agendum 
aptus ; gnavus, strenuus, promptus. — 
To put one out of action, transdere ali- 
quem in otium. TT(a ,%/iZ), prcelium, 

An Action (suit at law), actio, causa, lis. 

— To bring an action against one, dicam 
alicui scribere, impingere (inreference to 
the Greeks); litem intendere ; in jus vo- 
care, citare, ducere, rapere To gain an 

action, judicio vincere, litem obtinere. 

— To lose it, lite or causa cadere. 
Actionable, actioniforensi or judicio ob- 

Active (nimble), agilis, pernix ; (brisk, 

lively), vegetus, vividus, vigens. 

IT Active (of the mind, disposition, char- 
acter, Sec), vigens, vegetus, vividus ; 
gnavus, promptus, strenuus, (busy, driv- 
ing) ; industrius ; acer (spirited, energet- 
ic), impiger (ready and persevering, un- 
tiring), actuosus (much in action, or ever 
benCon action), operosus (loving work). 

— Active philosophy (opposed to contem- 
plative), philosophia activa. In active 

(quick) remedy, praesens remedium. 

TT Active (in grammar), activus. 

Actively, gnaviter, etc. 

Activity, agilitas, pernicitas, vigor, vis ; 
industria, navitas, impigritas ; effica- 
cia. — The utmost activity, summa in- 
dustria. — Activity (incessant working) 
of mind, animi agitatio et motus. 

Actor (stage-player), actor, actor sceni- 
cus, histrio; ludius or ludio (who dances 
at the same time). — The art of an actor, 
ars scenica or histrionalis ; histrionia. — 
A company of actors, familiahistrionum, 
grex histrionum. — To be a chief actor 
(prop, and fig.), primas partes agere. 

Actress, artifex scenica, scenica. 

ACTUAL, verus. 

Actually, vere, reipsa, reapse, revera, re 
(opp. to nomine). 

ACTUATE, animo, incito. — Met. ac- 
cendo, incendo. 

Actuated, ductus, adductus ; motus, per- 
motus; inductus; incitatus ; incensus. 

ACUTE (sharp, not dull), acutus. 

TT Acute (sharp in taste, biting), acutus, 
acer, salsus (salt) ; as, acetum acre, cibi 
acuti, acri sapore esse : — (sharp in 

smell), acutus, acer. TT Acute (of 

the organs of sense), acutus , sagax (track- 
ing well t having a keen scent, a quick 
hearing) ; — acute sight, visus acer , — 
ears, aures acutae ; that has acute ears, 

sagax. IT Acute (piercing, violent, of 

cold, Sec), acutus, acer ; (of disease), acu- 
tus. TT Acute (in perception, judg- 
ment: sharp-witted), acer (looking deep), 
acutus (sharp-sighted), subtilis (discern- 
ing ; distinguishing nicely), sagax. — An 
acute understanding or wit, ingenium 
acre or acutum, mens acris. 

Acutely, acute, etc. 

Acuteness (sharpness), acies. TT (of 

taste, Sec), acritudo, acrimonia. 

TT (of sense), acies. TT (of spirit, wit, 

Sec), ingenii acumen or acies, acumen, 
ingenium acre, perspicacitas, subtilitas, 

ADAGE, proverbium —Met. oraculum. 

ADAMANT, adamas ; (diamond), adamas. 

Adamantine, adamantinus or -eus. 

ADAPT, apto, accommodo, mefingo. 

Adapted (fit, suited), aptus, utilis, corn- 
modus, idoneus. 

Adaptation, accommodatio, congruentia. 

ADD (put to), addo, adjicio, appono ; ac- 
cessionem facio ; (join to), adjungo, 
subjicio, subnecto ; (reckonto), adscribo, 

accenseo ; aggrego. TT Add to this 

(besides), ad hoc, ad id. — To this is add- 
ed, that, Sec, ad hoc accedit, quod, etc. 

Addition, or Appendage, appendix, ad- 
jectus ; additamentum, incrementum, 

Additional, amplius ; supra, praterea ; 

ADDER, aspis, vipera, coluber, colubra. 

ADDICE, or ADZE, dolabra, ascia. 

ADDICT, se alicui rei dedere, addicere, 
devovere ; ad aliquid animum adjunge- 
re, applicare. 

Addicted, deditus; as, deditus volupta- 




tibus. — To be greatly addicted to a thing, 
multura esse in re ; wholly, totum esse 
in re. 

ADDLE. — An addle egg, ovum inane, ir- 

ritum ; ovum zephyrium. Addle-paled, 

-headed, -brained, fatuus, desipiens. 

ADDRESS, v. (to direct to), inscribere ali- 

cui. 1T(£o prepare), parare, aptare, ac- 

cingere. IT (apply to), se applicare ad 

aliquem, confugere ad aliquem. — He 
knew not whither to address himself, quo se 

verteret, non habebat. IT (petition), 

adire aliquem scripto. 1T (speak to), 

compellare, alloqui, adire ; concionari 
ad (populum, milites), verba facere apud 
aliquem, ad or apud populum agere. 

Address, subst. (ofaletter), index, titulus. 
^ (petition), iibeWus supplex. — (ha- 
rangue, speech), concio, oratio, allocutio. 

1T (skill, dexterity), ingenium ad ali- 

quid aptum, ingenii dexteritas or dexte- 
ritas, calliditas. IT Address, i. e. man- 
ners, mores.— elegant, morum elegan- 
tia ; urbanitas. 1 crafty address, in- 
sinuation — A captivating address, dul- 
cedo et suavitas morum. 

ADDUCE, afferre, producere. — To ad- 
duce a proof or testimony, afferre testi- 
monium ; a reason, rationem, causam. 

ADEPT, peritus or gnarus alicujus rei, 
versatus in aliqua re, perfectus in ali- 
qua re. 

ADEaUATE, par. — To be adequate, pa- 
rent esse, sufficere, suppetere, suppedi- 

Adequately, satis. — To express ade- 
quately, rem dictis exaequare. 

ADHERE, adhaereo, adhaeresco; me afn- 
go ; particeps, socius sum. — To ad- 
here to the rule proposed, manere in insti- 
tute suo. 

An Adherent, assectator, sectator, as- 
secla ; socius. — An adherent of the no- 
bility, optimatum fautor. — The (politi- 
cal) adherents of any one, qui sentiunt 
cum aliquo, qui stant cum or ab aliquo, 
qui faciunt cum aliquo, qui alicujus par- 
tibus favent ; factio, partes. 

Adhesion, adhaesitatio ; fig. studium. 

— To give in his adhesion to a party, ad 
partes alicujus se adjungere. 

Adhesive, tenax. 

ADIEU, vale, salve et vale ; ave atque 
vale (the farewell to a deceased friend). — 
To bid adieu, valedicere, salvere jubeo : 
fig. (to abandon, quit), renunciare (with 
dai.), abdicare se re, discedere ab re. 

ADJACENT, finitimus, vicinus, confinis. 

ADJECTIVE, appositum, adjectivum. 

ADJOIN (add to), adjicio, addo, annecto, 
adjungo ; (lie close to), adjaceo, attingo. 

Adjoining, finitimus, confinis, vicinus. 

ADJOURN, differo, comperendino, pro- 
rogo. — To adjourn the meeting, consilio 
diem eximere. 

Adjournment (in court), comperendina- 
tus or -tio. 

ADJUDGE, adjudico, addico. 

ADJUNCT, adj. conjunctus, adjunctus. 

Adjunct, subst. (as a thing), adjunctum. 
IT (as a person), adjutor, socius. 

ADJURE, obsecrare, obtestari. 

Adjuration, obsecratio, obtestatio. 

ADJUST (fit), inpto, accommodo. ^T (ar- 
range i, compono, orno, exorno; conficio, 
ordino, colloco ; constituo. — the hair, 
componere capillum. — one's household 
affairs, rem familiarem constituere, res 
suas ordinare, res familiares componere 

— accounts, rationes componere. — dis 
putes, controversias componere. „ 

Adjustment, ordinatio, constitutio, in- 
stitutio, or by a circumlocution. 

ADJUTANT (assistant), adjutor, coadju 
tor; (in the army), praefecti vicarius or 

ADMINISTER (manage), administro 
procuro, dispenso. — justice, law,exerce 
re justitiam, judicium ; jus reddere, da 
re or dicere. — the state, administrare 

rempublicam. IT (give as physic) 

medicinam adhibeo. 

Administration, administratio, etc. — of 
the state, administratio reipublicae. — of 
a country estate, pra?dii rustici. — ofoth 
ers' goods, alienorum bonorum procura- 

tio. — of justice, jurisdictio. IT (those 

who are at the head of affairs), qui prae- 
fecti sunt rebus publicis. 

ADMIRAL, praffectus classis. 

Admiral's Ship, navis pratoria. 

Admiralship, summa maritimi imperii, 
praefectura classis. 

Admiralty, toti officio maritimo praepositi. 

ADMIRE, mirari (wonder at), admirari. — 
To be admired, admiratione affici ; great- 
ly, in magnS. admiratione esse. 

Admiration, miratio, admiratio. — To 
excite admiration, adtnirationem facere, 
efficere ; admirationem habere. — I am 
seized with admiration, admiratio me ca- 
pit or incessit. 

Admirable, mirus, mirandus, mirabilis ; 
egregius, conspiciendus, insignis. 

Admirably, egregie, mirum ormirandum 
in modum. 

Admirer, admirator, studiosus, amator. 
— To be a great admirer of any one, ad- 
miratione celebrare aliquem. 

ADMIT, intromitto, admitto, recipio. — 
the enemy into the city, hosti patefacere 
urbem, hostem in urbein accipere.— as a 
freeman, in civitatem asciscere. — as an 
acquaintance, in consuetudinem, or in 
amicitiam recipere. — To be admitted a 
member of the senate, in senatum ve- 
nire. — a member of a college, in 
collegium co'dptari. — into holy orders, 

ordini clericorum ascribi. IT (to 

allow. ) — The birds admit or allow it, ad- 
mittunt rite aves. — In great peril, fear 
does not admit of pity, in magno periculo 

timor miserecordiam non recipit / 

admit that those who are dead are not 
wretched, concedo, non esse miseros, qui 
mortui sunt. 

Admittance, Admission, admissio, adi- 
tus, accessus. — To have admittance, 
aditum, copiam conveniendi habere ; ad 
colloquium admitti. 

ADMONISH (warn), moneo, admoneo ; 
(inform), certiorem facio ; (exhort), hor- 
tor, adhortor. 

Admonition, monitio, admonitio, moni- 
tus ; hortatio, adhortatio. 

ADO, negotium, molestia; turba, lumul- 
tus. — With much ado, vix, aegre, non 
sine labore, multo sudore, multo nego- 
tio. — Without much ado, facile, nullo 
negotio. — Without any more ado, statim, 
sine mora, nee mora est. — Without 
any ado (without making difficulty), haud 

ADOPT, adopto, co'dpto; eligo, ascisco ; 
sumo. — as a child, adoptare aliquem (a 
minor), arrogare aliquem (one of age); 
asciscere aliquem in nomen familias sua&. 

Adopted, adoptatus, adoptivus. 

Adoption, adoptio, arrogatio. 

ADORE (worship), colere, venerari, ado- 
rare (pray to); (admire, look up to, re- 
vere), admirari, venerari. — To adore 
one as a god, aliquem ut deum colere, 
venerari, adorare ; aliquem divinis ho- 
noribus colere. 

Adorer, cultor, adorator; admirator; stu- 
diosus alicujus or alicujus rei. 

Adoration, cultus, veneratio ; adoratio ; 

ADORN, orno, decoro, condecoro, exco- 
lo, expolio, exorno, concinno, colo. 

ADROIT, facilis, callidus, promptus. 

ADSCITITIOUS, ascitus, acquisitus. 

ADULATION, adulatio. — Cringing, 
slavish adulation, blanditiae verniles. — 
To listen to adulation, adulatoribus pate- 
facere aures. 

ADULT, aevo maturus, adultus, aduM 
aetate, adultas aetatis. 

An Adult, homo adultus, pubes. 

ADULTERATE (pollute), inquinare ; 
(corrupt by admixture), adulterare. 

Adulteration, adulteratio. 

ADULTERY, adulterium. — To commit 
adultery, adulterare ; adulterium inire, 
committere, facere ; conjugii fidem vio- 
lare, mcechari. — To commit adultery 
with several, adulteria exercere. — with 
another's wife, alicujus uxorem adultera- 
re. — Taken in adultery, in stupro cora- 
perta (of the woman). 

Adulterous, adulter, a, um. In adul- 
terous woman, adultera. 

Adulterer, adulter. 

ADUMBRATE, adumbrare. 

Adumbration, imago adumbrata ; adum- 

j bratio. 

I ADVANCE, act. (put forward), promo- 

! veo, proveho ; (lift up), attollo, exalto, 

j in- sublime tollo ; (pay beforehand), in 

j antecessum solvo, do, (before getting 

I the thing) ; ante tempus, ante dictum 

diem solvo (before pay-day) ; (prefer one), 
aliquem ad dignitatem produco ; (fur- 
ther), juvare, augere, adjumento esse, 
adjutorem esse. — To advance (an opin- 
ion), in medium proferre. — II. new£,tgra- 
dum profero, progredior, proficiscor ; 

procedo, proficio, pergo. IT To advance 

(make progress) in a thing, in aliqua re 
provehi, progredi, progressus facere. — 
The work advances apace, opus belle pro- 
cedit. — ^(increase), augeri. — Wages ad- 
vance much, magnopere stipendia proce- 

Advanced, provectus, promotus ; evec- 
tus, etc. — The summer being now far ad- 
vanced, aestate jam adult&. — Advanced 
to the highest honors, summis honoribus 
auctus." — Advanced in years, provectus 

Advancement, profectus, progressus, in- 
crementum ; — further advancement, dig- 
nitatis accessio. — To hinder one's ad- 
vancement, aditum ad honores alicui in- 

Advance Guard, primum agmen. 

ADVANTAGE (gain), lucrum, emolu- 
mentum. commodum, fructus, quasstus. 

TT He has the advantage (of time or 

place), superior est. — • It is to your ad- 
vantage, in rem tuam est or e re tua est. 

— If it were any advantage to tis, si ex 
usu nostro esset. — Throw in something 
by way of advantage, auctarium adjicito. 

— To be of advantage, proficere, prodes- 
se, conducere. — To be of great advan- 
tage to one, alicui magno usuiesse.— This 
is for my advantage, hoc pro me facit. — 
To have anadvantage of, praestare, superi- 
orem esse. — To sell to advantage, magno 
pretio vendere, bene vendere. — To take 
advantage of one, occasione uti ad alteri- 
us damnum. — To let slip an advantage, 
occasionem amittere, dimittere ; to seize 
one, arripere. — The advantages of the 
place, opportunitates loci. 

To Advantage, prodesse, conducere, 
usui esse, utilitatem afferre. — That 
would advantage me little, id mihi parum 
prosit. — What does it advantage me ? 
quid mihi prodest? 

Advantageous, commodus, utilis, oppor- 
tunus, suus ; quasstuosus, lucrosus. 

ADVENTITIOUS, aliunde quaesitus, ad- 

ADVENTURE, v. (enterprise), audeo; 
(try, make trial of), tento, suscipio, ag- 
gredior ; (hazard), periclitor, aleam ja- 
cere, periculum facere. — To adven- 
ture to sea, vela ventis dare, ratem pe- 
lago committere. 

Adventure (an enterprise), periculum, 
ausum; (hazard), discrimen ; (chance), 
casus, fors. — At adventure, temere ; 
casu ; — by adventure, forte, fortuito. 

Adventurous (bold, daring), audens, au- 
<Jax. IT (dangerous), periculosus. 

Adventurer, qui tentat ac periclitatur 
fortunam, qui incerta fata quaerit. 

ADVERB, adverbium. 

ADVERSE, infestus, hostilis, adversus. 

Adversary (a public foe), hostis ; (an 
enemy, not a friend), inimicus ; (an oppo- 
nent at law, but which may not imply enmi- 
ty), adversarius. — We have a bitter 
adversary in you, acerbo te adversario 

Adversity, res adversae, angustae, arctaa, 
infestas, turbidae, lapsse, afflictm ; ad- 
versa, -oruin. — He is in adversity, est 
afflictus et jacens ; in multis versatur 
malis. — He is beset with adversity, om- 
nibus difficultatibus conrlictatus et cir- 
cumventus est. 

ADVERTISE, monere, commonefacere, 
admonere, certiorem facere, docere, 
edocere, alicui significare. — To adver- 
tise one of the Parthian peace, afferre ali- 
cui otium Parthicum. 

Advertisement, nuntius, significatio ; 

ADVICE (counsel), consilium, moniUo, 
monitum, sententia ; (news), nuntius. 

— You give good advice, bene, com- 
mode mones. — What advice do you give 
me 7 quid das consilii ? — To ask advice 
of any one, consulere, consultare ali- 
quem ; in consilium advocare aliquem. 

— To do something by my advice, de me» 
consilio facere aliquid. 

Advisable, utilis. 

Advise (giveadoice), suadeo, moneo, hor- 




torjcenseo; consilium do, auctor sum 
alicui ; praecipio. — I advise them to 
be quiet, moneo ut quiescant. — lad- 
vise you to, Sec, tibi sum auctor, ut, etc. 

IT To advise (consider of), conside- 

rare, deliberare de re aliqua. IT Ad- 
vise with (consult), consulere aliquem, 
aliquem in consilium advocare, aliquem 
consilii socium capere. 
Well Advised, prudens, cautus, cir- 
cumspectus. — Be well advised, apud 
te esto. — Be well advised what you 
do, nil temere facias ; vide quid agas. 

— Ill advised, male cautus. 
Advisedly, caute, consulte, cogitate, 

prudenter, consulto. — To act advised- 
ly, nihil temere conari, facere ; consili- 
um inire, priusquam aggrediaris. 

Adviser, monitor, admonitor ; hortatory 
auctor; consiliarius. 

ADVOCATE, causarum actor, patronus, 
defensor, causidicus, advocatus. — The 
office of an advocate, opera forensis ; pa- 
trocinium. — To plead as an advocate for 

one, causam dicere pro aliquo. 

IT Gen. an advocate (one icho vindicates 
or defends), patronus, defensor, vindex. 

To Advocate, patrocinium suscipere ali- 
cujus or alicujus rei, alicui or alicui rei 
patrocinari ; tueri, tutari ; defendere; 
dicere pro nomine or re ; propugnare 
pro re. 

Advocacy, advocatio ; patrocinium ; de- 

AE RIAL, or AIRY, aerius, aetherius (of 

the upper air). II Fig. levis, tenuis ; 

vanus. || But see Air. 

AFAR OFF, procul ; longinquus. — 
From afar, e longinquo ; eminus. — 
To be afar off, longe abesse. 

AFFABLE, comis, humanus, blandus, 
affabilis 3 humanitate, urbanitate prae- 

Affability, comitas, humanitas, affabili- 

Affably, comiter, humane or humaniter, 
blande, liberaliter. 

AFFAIR, res, negotium, causa. — To at- 
tend to his own affairs, suum negotium 
gerere, res suas curare. — To meddle 
with other people's affairs, aliena negotia 
curare. — Without settling the affair, in- 
fecta re. — ' Tis not my affair (my office), 
hae non meae sunt partes, hocnon meum 
est. — 'Tis your affair (concern), tua res 
agitur, tua refert. — How stands the af- 
fair ? quo loco res est ? ut res se habet? 

— Your affairs are in a good state, bono 
loco sunt res vestrae. — 'Tis a bad affair, 
res male se habet. — Household affairs, 
res familiaris, res domesticae. — Urgent 
affairs, necessitates. — To handle affairs, 
res gerere, negotia tractare. — Great af- 
fairs, res praeclara, egregiae, magnae. — 
An affair of love, res amatoria ; love af- 
fairs, amores. 

AFFECT(ai»i at), affecto, aspiro ad,capto, 
peto, appeto. — the sovereignty, affectare 
imperium in (e. g. Latinos), regnum. — 

TT (love), diligo, amo, carum habeo. 

%(m.ake a show of ),simulo, assimulo. — To 

affect learning, simulare doctrinam. 

^(loape), inepteexprimere. 1T(o/ dis- 
ease), afficere (e.g. pulmo afficitur). 

IT (to move) loithjoy, Sec, gaudio, mcerore, 
etc., afficio, percello, percutio.— To affect 
the mind, aliquem or alicujus animum 
movere, commovere ; deeply, vehemen- 
ter. — I am otherwise affected by it, id ali- 
ter fero. — 1T To affect (have influence, pro- 
duce an effect upon), vim habere or exer- 

cere in aliquid. IT (touch, concern), 

pertinere ad aliquem ; alicujus referre. 

Affectation, appetitio, affectatio, ambi- 
tio ; simulatio ; affectatio. — He pro- 
nounces with affectation, putide exprimit. 

Affected (disposed), bene or male ani- 
matus ; (diseased), morbo affectus, mor- 
bolaborans ; (beloved), dilectus. — How 

is he affected ? quid animi habet ? 

Ti Affected, putidus, ineptus, molestus ; 
affectatus ; quresitus, ascitus : in osten- 
tationem virtutum compositus. 

Affection (love), amor, studium, mens, 
voluntas: (passion), affectio animi, 
cupiditas, libido ; animi concitatio, 
animi impetus or motus or commotio 
or permotio: (contagion) , contagio : (din- 
case), morbus ; valetudo. — To bridle the 
affections, cupiditates compesceie, ani- 
mum vincere. — To gain the affection of 

any person, amorem, voluntatem, bene- 
volentiam alicujus sibi conciliare ; to at- 
tempt to do it, captare. — To lose the affec- 
tion of one, aliquem a se alienare. 

Affectionate, amoris plenus, pius. — 
An affectionate husband, vir amans uxo- 
ris. — Affectionate expostulations, molles 

Affectionately, amanter, pie. 

AFFIANCE, v. (betroth), spondeo, de- 

An Affianced Person, sponsus, sponsa. 

AFFINITY" (connection by marriage), affi- 
nitas, affinitatis vinculum. 'iT (rela- 
tion generally) , propinquitas, propinqui- 

tatis vinculum, necessitudo. ITFig. 

(likeness), convenientia, similitudo. 

AFFIRM, confirruo, assero, assevero, 
praedico. — with an oath, or before a 
judge, jurejurando afhrmare, testificari. 

— One affirms, another denies, alter 
ait, alter negat. — The thing is affirmed 
openly and every where, id apud omnes 
palam et ubique testatum est. — 111 men 
affirm it, omnium assensu comprobatum 

est. IT To affirm (ratify, approve), 

sancire, ratum facere or efficere, ratum 
esse jubere. 

Affirmative, affirmans, aiens, affirma- 

tivus. In affirmative answer, affirma- 

tio. — One is affirmative, the other nega- 
tive, alterum ait, alterum negat. 

Affirmation, affirmatio. 

AFFIX, annecto, affigo. 

AFFLICT, angere ; cruciare, vexare, 
premere ; afflictare ; alicui dolorem af- 
ferre, aliquem contristare. 

Afflicting, tristis, aerumnosus, calami- 
tosus ; miser, acerbus. 

Affliction, res adversae, res or fortunes 
afflicta;, miseria ; dolor, tristitia, maeror. 

Afflicted, aeger animi, meestus, tristis ; 

AFFLUENT, abundans, dives, copiosus, 

Affluence, divitiae, copiae, opes, opulen- 

AFFORD (give), praebeo, reddo, suppedi- 
to. — To afford assistance, opem, auxi- 

lium dare, suppeditare, praebere. 

IT (sell), vendo. — I cannot afford it so 
cheap, non possum tantulo vendere. — 
It cannot be afforded cheaper, non potest 

minoris vendi. IT / cannot afford 

such grandeur, res mini non suppetit ad 
tantum luxum. 

AFFRAY", pugna. — They have had an 
affray, pugnis certaverunt, manus conse- 
ruerunt. — During the affray, inter ma 

AFFRIGHT, terreo, perterrefacio ; con 
sterno (-are), percello. 

Affright, subst. terror. 

AFFRONT, subst. contumelia. — To offe; 
one an affront, contumeliam alicui face 
re. — To receive an affront, contumeliam 
accipere. — To take something as an af- 
front, aliquid in or ad contumeliam 
accipere. — To put up with an af- 
front, contumeliam inultam dimittere ; 
injuriam non insectari. 

To Affront, contumeliis lacessere, con- 
tumeliam alicui facere ; injuria affice- 

AFLOAT. — To be afloat, i. e. to float, 
ab aqua sustineri. — To be afloat, i. e. 
to be on board ship, in navi esse. 

AFORE. See Before. 

AFRAID, timidus, trepidus, pavidus, 
metu (timore) perterritus.— To be afraid, 

in metu (timore) esse, pavere. 

|| See Fear. 

AFRESH, denuo ; de or ab integro ; 
often, by the preposition re in composition. 

— The sedition breaks out afresh, seditio 

AFRICA, Africa. 

African, Afer, Africus, Africanus. 

IT An. African, Afer ; Africans, AM. 

AFTER, prep. I. (of space and of rank), se- 
cundum (next to, immediately, after) ; so 
also in the sense of or first after 
another, secundus, proximus ab aliquo 
or proximus alicui ; so, sub (and also in 
composition). — To go (next) after one, 
secundum aliquem ire ; to be next af- 
ter, secundum aliquem or secundum ab 
aliquo esse (in place or in rank) ; — 
go after (follow), aliquem sequi. — 
The next after me,, proximus a me. — 
The next or first after the kin?, secundus 


a rege. — II. After (inpoint of time), post 
(generally), secundum (immediately af- 
ter) ; a, ab (after, i. e. from ; with refer- 
ence to the commencing point) ; e, ex 
(almost synonymous with the last, but 
expressing rather a certain connection, or 
a transition from one state to another). — 
Mithridates was the greatest king after 
Alexander, post Alexandrum Mithrida- 
tes maxiinus rex fuit. — After three 
years, post tres annos : after many years, 
post multos annos, multis post annis 
(many years after). — After the proconsu- 
late of Brutus, post Brutum proconsu- 
lem. — Immediately after the donation of 
the consul, secundum donationem con- 
sulis. — The Germans bathe themselves 
immediately after sleep, Germani statime 
somno lavantur. — He returned immedi- 
ately after the battle, confestim a prcelio 
red i it. — Homer lived not long after them. 
Homerus recens ab illorum aetate fuit. 

— The hundredth day after the death of 
Clodius, centesima lux ab interitu Clo- 

dii. TT Frequently also, especially 

in Cccsar, after is expressed by the abl. 
of a word, which in itself conveys no 
idea of time ; as, after whose arrival 
(when they had arrived), he pitches his 

camp, quorum adventu castraponit. 

IT With post, the Latins commonly ex- 
press the substantive which denotes the 
action by the particip.; as, six years after 
the taking of Veil, sexennio post Veios 
captos. — After the foundation of the city, 

post urbem conditam. IT After is 

also expressed by the ablat. absolute, 
but more to denote a cause than mere 
succession ; as, after a year, anno inter- 
jecto. — III. After, i. e. according to, 
secundum ; in some connections, e or ex, 
or also de, (implying not only accordance 
but causality) ; pro (indicating the rela- 
tion or a measure); ad'(denoting con- 
formity to a rule). — To live after nature, 
secundum naturam vivere ; naturas con- 
venienter vivere. — To judge of a thing 
after the truth, ex veritate rem aesti- 
mare. — After my opinion, ex or de mea 
sententia. — After her manner or way, 

de more. After his own name, suo de 

nomine. — To do a thing after Pompey's 
manner, ad P. rationem aliquid facere. 

— To sup after the Salian manner, epulari 

Saliarem in modum. After the manner 

of the Persians, more Persarum.— -IV. Af- 
ter, i.e. in pursuit or quest of, as in the ex- 
pressions to look after, go after, ask after, 
is expressed by a mere case of the ob- 
ject, and belongs to other words. 

After, adv. a tergo, pone, post, secun- 
dum, proxime. — To come after, sequi. 

After, Afterwards, post, postea, post- 
hac, secundum haec, posterius ; deinde, 
exinde ; mox ; quo facto. — A considera- 
ble time after, aliquanto post, post ali- 
quanto. — A year after, anno post, post 
annum. — Three years after, post tres 
annos, tribus annis post, post teitium 
annum, tertio anno post, tertio anno, 
tres post annos, etc. First — after- 
wards — last, prius — deinde — extre- 

mo. First — next — afterwards, prin- 

cipio — proximo — deinde. 

After, After That, postquam or post 
quam, posteaquam ; ut, ubi ; quum ; or an 
abl. absol. — Three years after (that) he had 
come, tribus annis (or tertio anno) post- 
quam venerat, post tres annos (or post 
tertium annum) quam venerat. — / 
waited for him three days, after I wrote 
this letter, eum triduo, quum has litteras 
dabam, exspectabam. — Four days after 
Roscius teas killed, quatriduo, quo (abl. 
of qui) Roscius occisus est. — Three 
years after he came (after his coming), 
tertio anno post ejus adventum. — Five 
days after you have gathered them, quinto 

die, quam sustuleris. IT After is 

joined with substantives like an adjec- 
tive, as in after-life, after-days, after- 
ages. After-times, posteritas. — After- 
birth, secundae. — After- generations, pos- 
ted, homines qui futuri sunt, posteritas. 
After-clap, ictus repetitus. 

AFTERNOON, dies pomeridianus. — 
Afternoon (the afternoon time), tenipus 
pomeridianum, hora pomeridianag. — In 
the afternoon, post meridiem, tempore 
pomeridiano, horis pomeridianis. Af- 
ternoon repast, merenda. 





Afternoon, adj. postmeridianus, pome- 

AGAIN, rursus, rursum ; iteriira ; de in- 
tegro ; denuo, de novo : (in the next 
place), secundo ; iterurn ; turn, deinde : 
(afterwards), post, postea, posthac (here- 
after) : (in turn), vicissim, invicem ; (on 
the other hand), contra, rursus, rursum. 

— Again and again, etiam atque etiam. 

— Once and again, more than once, se- 
mel atque iterum, semel et saepius. — 
As big again, duplo major, altero tanto 
major. — We will sail back again, retro 
navigabimus. — Tell it over again, de 
novo or denuo narra. IT Again is al- 
so expressed by the prep, re in composition. 

AGAINST (in defence), a, ad, adversus, 
adversum. — — IT (in time), ante, dum, 
in. — Against the evening, in vesperum. 

— They made ready their present against 
he came, interea parabant munus suum, 
dum veniret. — - IT (contrary), ad- 
versus, contra, prater : (to the preju- 
dice of), adversus, adversum, in. — lam 
against, oppugno, impugno, adversor, 
obluctor. — Against the grain, invi- 
ta Minerva. Against one's will, invi- 
te, invitus. — Against one's nature, re- 

pugnante natural Against the stream, 

flumine adverso. — To go against, ire 
obviam. — To be against (be injurious to), 

obesse. IT (by or at), ad, ante -.—(over 

against), e regione, ex adverso, contra. 

AGATE (a stone), achates. 

AGE (of a person or thing ; time of life), 
eetas: — eevum. — Mature or full, aetas 
matura; of full age, maturus, adultus. 

— Nonage, aetas nondum adulta, aetas 
pupillaris. — Old age, senectus, se- 
nium ; vetustas (of inanimate things). 

— Of the same age, aequalis, asquae- 
vus. — Of one year's age, unius anni, 
anniculus ; annotinus (of things). — 

of two, bimus. it sixteen years of age, 

annos natus sexdecim. — He is nineteen 
years of age, decern et novem annos na- 
tus est, or decern et novem annorum 
est. — / know my own age, scio ego, quid 
retatis sim. — He may for his age, per 
eetatem licet.— To be of more advancedage, 

provectiore estate esse. # man of that 

age, homo id aetatis or ea aetate. MAn 

age, aetas, saeculum ; aevum. — Hardly 
two good orators have appeared in an age, 
vix singulis aetatibus bini oratores lau- 
dabiles constitere. — Several ages (gen- 
erations), saecula plura. — Two ages 
(centuries) before, duobus saeculis ante. 

— Of the first age, priniaevus. 

1T Age, for time; as, the most famous gen- 
eral of his age, clarissimus imperator 
suae aetatis. — This age, the -present age, 
haec tempora, haec aetas. — In this age, 

Aged, grandaevus, estate proved us, aetate 
gravis ; annosus. — Very aged, natu 
pergrandis, exactae jam aetatis. — An 
aged man, senex. — An aged woman, 
anus. — To become aged, consenescere, 

AGENCY (factorship), curatio, procura- 

tio. it Free agency, voluntas libera, 

potestas libera, arbitrium.— By my agen- 
cy, mea opera ; per me. 

Agent, agens, qui agit ; (factor), nego- 
tiorum curator, procurator. 

AGGRANDIZE, ad magnas dignitatis 
promovere, aliquem honoribus or divi- 
tiis augere ; augere, ornare. 

Aggrandizement, dignitas aucta, acces- 
sio dignitatis, amplificatio honoris. 

AGGRAVATE, augere, adaugere, ag- 
gravare, exacerbare, exasperare. — To 
aggravate the want of any one, inop 
airf alicujus onerare. — To become aggra- 
vated, deteriorem fieri, in pejus mutari 
aggravescere, ingravescere. 

Aggravation, deterior conditio or status 

AGGREGATE, v. a. colligere, congerere 
coacervare, cumulare. 

Aggregate, subst. summa, complexio. 

AGGRESSOR, qui prior injuriam facit, 
fert. — The aggressing party (in war), 
qui bellum suscepit, qui bellum ultro in- 
fert ; infestus exercitus. 

AGGRIEVE (afflict, grieve), dolore or tris- 

titia afficere. IT (to harass ; injure), 

vexare ; injuriam facere alicui. 

AGHAST, territus, perterritus, terrore 

AGILE, agilis, pernix. 

Agility, agilitas, pernicitas. — With 
agility, agiliter, perniciter. 

AGITATE (put in motion), movere, 
commovere, agitare, quatere, concu- 

tere, ciere. 1T (disturb), turbare, 

concitare ; motum afferre, — IT To agitate 
(the mind), movere, commovere ; affice- 
re aliquem or alicujus animum; pertur- 

bare. IT To agitate (stir, discuss), 

agitare, tractare (negotium) ; agere rem 
or de aliqua re ; sermonem habere de re. 

Agitation, agitatio, motus, motio, jacta- 
tio ; rnotus, tumultus, turbee ; animi 
motus,commotio, concitatio, perturbatio. 

Agitator, turbae ac tumultus concitator, 
concitator multitudinis, novorum con- 
siliorum auctor. 

AGO, abhinc, ante. — Long ago, jampri- 
dem,jamdudum.— Not long ago, ha.udita. 
pridem. — How long ago 1 quam dudum ? 
— Two years ago, duobus abhinc annis, 
ante duos annos, abbinc duos annos; 
jam bieunium est, quum, etc. — You look 
more handsome than you did awhile ago, 
formosior videris quam dudum. 

AGONY (pangs of death), angor morien- 
tis. — To be in the last agonies, animam 

agere. IT (anguish), dolor, crucia- 

tus, angor. — To be in one, cruciari. 
IT (fright), consternatio. 

AGREE (assent), assentior, adstipulor, 
annuo, accedo: (fit), congruo, consto, 
competo, respondeo, quadro : (be of the 
same mind), consentio, convenio, con- 
cordo, congruo, idem sentio : (hang to- 
gether), cohaereo, congruo : (make a bar- 
gain), paciscor, depaciscor : (to be in 
unison), concinere. — To agree upon, 
constituere aliquid (cum aliquo), condi 
cere aliquid, pacisci aliquid (cum ali- 
quo) ; time and place, condicere tem- 
pus et locum ; the signal agreed up- 
on, signum, quod convenit. — It is agreed 
by all (all agree), inter omnes constat. — 
We are agreed, convenit inter nos. — They 
agreed with his opinion, in ej us sententiam 
pedibus iverunt (of senators).— His words 
and actions do not agree, facta cum dic- 
tis discrepant. — The preacher never 
agreed about the stipend, sacerdos 
nunquam de mercede partus est. — He 
■made us agree, nos in gratiam reconcilia- 
vit ; simultates, quae inter nos exstarent, 
penitus diremit. — The day is agreed on, 

dies pactus est, dies convenit Authors 

do not agree, discrepat inter scriptores ; 
auctores inter se dissident atque discor- 
dant ; de hoc parum convenit.— To agree 
well with one, convenire optime cum ali- 

Agreeable (pleasant), gratus, acceptus, 
jucundus, amoenus (esp. of scenery, situ- 
ation, Sec.) ; suavis, dulcis; urbanus (in 
conversation and carriage); lepidus, fa- 
cetus, festivus, (in conversation). — con- 
versation, sermo festivus, venustus et 
urbanus. — Ifitis agreeable to you, quod 
commodo tuo fiat ; nisi tibi molestum 

est; si vis, si tibi placet. IT (fit, 

suitable), congruens, par, aptus, consen- 
taneus. IT (concordant), concors. 

Agree ABLENEss,congruentia;jucunditas. 

Agreeably, grate, jucunde ; lepide, festi- 
ve, etc. IT (suitably), convenienter ; 

e, ex, ad, secundum. — Agreeably to na- 
ture, convenienter natura, secundum 

naturam. agreeably to truth, ex veri- 

tate ; vere. 

Agreeing, concors, consonus, consen- 
tiens, congruens, constans.— Not agree- 
ing, absonus. 

Agreement, consensus, concordia, con- 

spiratio. -^(bargain, covenant), spon- 

sio, conditio ; pactum, foedus, stipu- 
latio. — According to agreement, ex pac- 
to ; ex constitute — Articles of agree- 
ment, conditiones, capita, foederis ar- 

ticuli. IT (proportion), convenien- 

tia: (resemblance), similitudo, congru- 
entia, convenientia. 
AGROUND. — To run aground, sldere, 
in vadumillidi, in terram deferri. — To 

be aground, in vado haerere. IT Fig. 

You are aground, ulterius non potes pro- 
cedere ; — the thing is aground, haeret 
res or negotium. 
AGUE (a disease), febris, horror in febri. 
— *A slight ague, febricula.— An a. of one 
day's continuance, febris ephemera ; inter- 
mitting, intermittens ; quotidian, tertian, 


quartan, quotidiana, tertiana, quartana. 
— The fit of an ague, accessus, impe- 
tus, paroxysmus. — One sick of an ague, 
febricitans, febre laborans or correptua. 

AH! ah! aha! siccine ? (is it so?) 

AHEAD, adv. (ira advance), pra. — Go 
ahead, I'll follow, I pra, sequar. — To 
go ahead, ducem esse, anteire, praeire. 

AID, auxilium, adjumentum ; adminicu- 
lum, subsidium ; suppetiae ; presidium ; 
opis, -em, -e (from obsol. ops). — With 
the aid of any one, alicujus auxilio, ali- 
cujus ope, alicujus ope adjutus, aliquo 
adjuvante, aliquo adjutore, alicujus 

opera. — Without aid, per se. IT An 

aid-de-camp ,ducis or imperatoris adjutor. 

To Aid, auxiliari, juvare, adjuvare ; suc- 
currere, sustentare ; alicui subvenire, 
aliquem sublevare, alicui adjumento 
esse; subsidium, suppetias, opern alicui 
ferre ; alicui adesse ; alicui opitulari. 

AIL, AILMENT, morbus, malum, aegri- 

ToAiL,dolere, male se habere, mgrotare. — 
What ails you? quid tibi est? quidnam 
tibi dolet ? 

Ailing, aeger, infirmus, valetudinarius, 

AIM, subst. (the direction of the weapon) ; to 

take aim (see To Aim). IT (the mark), 

scopus. IT Fig. (purpose, end), pro- 

positum, finis propositus. 

To Aim, collineare oculos ad aliquid, 
collineare manum et oculos, telum col- 
lineare aliquo, telum dirigere, telum in- 
tendere in aliquem or aliquid. — To 

aim at one, telo petere aliquem. 

IT Fig. I know what you aim at, scio quid 
conere. — To aim at great things, magna 
sibi proponere, magna spectare. — / aim 
at greater things, majora molior. — You 
aimed at me, me petiisti. — To aim at (al- 
lude to, designate), aliquem designare, 
denotare ; aliquid significare. — This is 
aimed at those, hoc dictum est illis. 

AIR, coelum, which includes aer (the lower 
air or atmosphere) and aether (the upper, 
thinner air, the heaven); aura (a soft air, 
in gentle motion). — A healthy air, coe- 
lum salubre, coeli salubritas, aer salu- 
bris. — Thick, gross air, aer crassus, coeli 
gravitas.— Cool air, aer refrigeratus ; fri- 
gus. — In the open air, sub dip, sub Jove. — 
Up in or into the air, sublime.— To put in 
the air, aliquid aeri exponere. — To let 
in the air, aerem immittere. — To take 
the air, deambulare. — To live upon air 
(i. e. upon nothing), vento vivere. — To 
build castles in the air, somnia sibi finge- 
re. ■ IT Air (a song), canticum, can- 
tilena. IT Air (mien or manner), ges- 

tus, habitus. — Graceful air, venustas, 
gratia. 'IT Air (appearance), species. 

To Air, aeri aliquid exponere, aerem im- 
mittere in aliquid ; ventilare ; (of lin- 
en), ad ignera siccare or exsiccare. 

Airy (of air), aerius ; aetliereus (of the up- 
per air). IT (in the air), aerius ; aethe- 

reus (in upper air). IT (exposed to the 

air, not close), aeri expositus, perflabilis, 

aeri pervius ; (cool), frigidus. IT Fig. 

(light, thin as air), tenuissimus, levissi- 

mus. 1T (light, vain), levis (of men 

and things) ; inanis. 

Airhole, spiramentum, spiraculum. 

AJAR, semiapertus. 

AKIN, propinquus, necessarius, agnatus 
(by the father's side), cognatus (by the 
mother's side), affinis (by marriage), 

consanguineus (by blood.). IT Fig. 

propinquus, finitimus, vicinus. 

ALACRITY, hilaritas ; alacritas. 

ALARM, tumultus, turba. 'IT (fright), 

pavor, consternatio. — - IT In war, to 
sound an alarm, ad arma conclamare. 

To Alarm, metum, formidinem, terrorem 
alicui injicere or incutere ; perturbare. 
— The army was alarmed, exercitui ter- 
ror incidit. 

Alarming, metuendus, timendus, hor- 
rendus, formidolosus. 

Alarm-bell, campana incendn (or mcur- 
sionis hostium) index. 

ALAS ! ah ! heu ! eheu ! hei mihi ! heu me ! 
— Alas (for shame)! proh dedecus ! proh 
pudor ! — Alas (for sorrow) ! proh ! proh 
dolor ! also parenthetically, id quod doleo. 

ALCOVE, zotheca. — Small alcove, zo- 

ALDER (tree), alnus ; made of alder, al- 
neus ; an alder grove, alnetum. 




ALDERMAN, senator urbanus. -*- To ' 
walk an alderman's face, magnifice or 
lento gradu incedere. — The board of al- 
dermen, senatus urbanus. 

ALE, cervisia, zythum. — Strong ale, cer- 
visia plena. — Small ale, cervisia tenu- 
is, secundaria ; stale, vetula, subacida. 

An Alehouse, caupona. 

ALERT, alacer, promptus. 

ALIEN, advena, alienigena (opp. to indi- 
gena) ; peregrinus {opp. to civis). 

ALIENATE (sell away, make another's), 
alieno, abalieno, vendo: (of the affec- 
tions), alieno, abalieno. 

Alienation (of property), alienatio, aba- 
lienatio. IT (of the affections), aliena- 
tio. IT of mind, alienatio mentis, 

mens alienata, deliratio. 

Alienable, quod alienari or abalienari 

Alienate, adj. alienatus, alienus. 

ALIGHT (as a bird), sido, subsido. 

^ from a horse, descendere ex equo ; 
descendere or degredi ad pedes ; (alight 
with haste, jump down), desilireexequo : 

— from a wagon, descendere ex rhe- 
da. IT (slide down), delabor. 

ALIKE, adj. par, compar ; aequus, aequa- 
lis ; similis, consiinilis. — adv. aeque, 
pariter, perinde ; eodem modo; similiter. 

— Two eggs are not more alike, non ovum 
tarn simile ovo, quam hie illi est. 

ALIMENT, nutrimentum, alimenlum, 
cibus, victus ; pabulum, pastus, (for 
beasts). IT Fig. nutrimentum, pabu- 
lum, pastus. 

ALIVE (living), vivus ; (surviving), su- 
perstes; (lively), vigens, vividus, vege- 
tus. — To be alive, vivere. — Whilst I am 

alive, me vivo ; dum vita suppetit. 

U Fig. to be alive loathing, aliquid scire, 
non nescire, non ignorare ; me non fu- 
git, non praeterit aliquid ; sentire aliquid. 

ALL, omnis (the most general expression, 
of persons and things) ; universus (all 
collected into one, all together) ; cunctus 
(all, as many as they are, together ; mostly 
of persons and personified ideas). The 
Romans also used two negatives, as a more 
emphatic expression for omnis; as, nullus 
non, nemo non, nemo with quin follow- 
ing (as, we have all done it, nemo nos- 
trum est, quin fecerit). If all is used 
for every, it may be expressed. by quisque, 
or also quivis (but see in the Lex. Uter- 
vis, at the end) ; as, in allplaces, quoque 
loco ; to prefer to suffer all, quidvis mal- 
le pati. Ml, i. e. each, singuli : all, i. e. 
the whole, totus, and also omnis, univer- 
sus, cunctus. — All men of all ranks, 
omnes omnium ordinum homines. — 
Ml, all men, omnes homines ; om- 
nes : universum genus hominum, uni 
versitas generis humani, (the whole 
human race). — All things, omnes 

res ; omnia. ill things (the universe) 

universitas rerum, universum. — All 
{the whole) or nothing, nihil nisi totum 
All to a man, omnes ad unum ; singuli 
universique (each and all). — Before all, 
first of all, omnium primum, ante om- 
nia ; also imprimis. — All the world (the 
world as one whole), mundus universus. 
— All together they would be equal, but 
separated they would perish, universos 
esse pares, dispersos perituros. — Na- 
ture containing all things and every thing, 
natura universa atque omnia continent. 

— All the world over, ubique gentium. — 
In oil February, mense Februario toto. 

— Heave all that to you, id tibi totum 
relinquo. — Keep it all to yourself, inte- 
grum tibi reserves. — Now you know all, 
rem omnem habes, habes consilia mea. 

— Ts that all ? tantumne est ? — It is all 
over, actum est ; conclamatum est. — 
Contrary to all expectation, prater opinio- 
nem, ex inopinato. — In all, omnino ;as, 
there were five in all, quinque omnino fue- 
runt. — ill this while, usque adhuc, tamdiu. 

— By all means, quoquo pacto, quacum- 
que ratione ; utique. — At all events, uti- 
que. — ' — IT All, i. e. any ; as, beyond all 

doubt, sine ulla dubitatione. IT All 

or all that, i. e. as much as, so much as. 
whatsoever, quantumcunque ; quod, 
quicqnid; quantum, quam. — J will 
withdraw myself from all troubles all that 
I era, quantum potero, me ab omnibus 
molestiis abducam. — I am wont to help 
all I can, soleo quantum possum adju 

vare. ill the judgment I had, quicquid 

habuerim judicii. IT He is all my 

care, i. e. he is my only care, ilium euro 
unum. — Her son is all in all to her, Ali- 
us ei unus omnia est ; filium fert or ge- 
stat in oculis. — The Stoics were all who 

said so, Stoici soli ita dixerunt. 

IT At all, omnino, with a negation. — Be- 
tween these things there is no difference at 
all, inter has res nihil omnino interest. 

— Not at all, omnino non, nequaquam, 
minime, nullo modo, nullo modo pror- 
sus. — Nothing at all, omnino nihil, nihil 
prorsus, nihil quicquam. IT All, al- 
together, plane, omnino, prorsus, peni- 
tus ; totus. — Altogether or in great part, 
aut omnino ant magna ex parte. — All 
on a sudden, de improviso. — This is all 
one with that, hoc unum et idem est 
atque illud. — It is all one as if, idem 
est ac si. — I reckon it all one as if, per- 
inde censeo, ac si. — It is all one whether, 
nihil interest utrum. — It is all one ; it 
all comes to the same thing, par est, idem 
est ill about, undique, passim. 

ALLAY, sedo, mitigo ; allevo, lenio. — 

To allay hunger, levare famem.. 

IT (by mingling), temperare, diluere. 

ALLEGE (plead), causari, praetendere, 

simulare. IT To allege, (produce in 

proof), producere ; rationern, causam 

afferre. IT (to affirm), affirmare, 

praedicare, dicere. 

Allegation, causa, nomen, simulatio ; 
criminatio, crimen ; affirmatio. 

ALLEGORY, allegoria, continua transla- 

Allegorical, allegoricus. 

Allegoricallt, allegorice. 

ALLEGIANCE, fides ; officium. 

ALLEVIATE, levo, allevo. 

Alleviation, levatio, allevatio ; leva- 
men, levamentum, allevamentum. 

ALLEY (a walk in a garden), xystus, hy- 
paethra, ambulatio ; (narrow passage), 


ALLOT, delego, assigno.— me to this 
ness, me huic negotio delegare ; mihi 
hoc negotium imponere. IT (distrib- 
ute), sortiri ; assignare. 

Allotment, attributio, assignatio; sorti- 
tio. — By divine allotment, consilio divi- 
no ; divinitus ; — the divine allotments, 
quae divinitus accidunt. 

ALLOW (approve), accipio, probo, com- 
probo, admitto, agnosco. - Iallow the rea- 
son or excuse, accipio causam, excusatio- 
nem. IT (give towards one's mainten- 
ance), exhibeo, praebeo, suggero, praesto. 
— IT (grant), concedo, admitto. — IT (per- 
mit), sino, permitto, concedo, potesta- 
tem facio. — It is allowed, licet ; lici- 
tum concessumque est ; jus fasque est. 

— lam. allowed, mihi licet, permissum, 
cencessum est. — It is allowed in men of 
our years, aetati nostras conceditur. — 
Something is to be allowed to custom, ali- 
quid consuetudini dandumest. Tl(as 

abatement), de summa aliquid detrahere 
or deducere. 

Allowable, probabilis, laudabilis ; (equita- 
ble), aequus ; (lawful), Justus, legitimus. 

Allowance (leave, permission), permis- 
sio, permissus, potestas, copia. — With 
your allowance, permissu or concessu 
tuo, si per te licitum erit, pace tua, bona 

venia. tua. liceat. ■ 1T An allowance 

(maintenance, stipend, salary), demen- 
sum, eshibitio ; commoda, annua 
■(-orum), annua pecunia, merces annua, 

annua salaria. IT To keep on short 

alloioance, arete contenteque aliquem 
habere, exigue sumptumalicui prabere. 
IT (in reckoning), deductio; decessio. 

ALLUDE to, significare aliquid, desig- 
nare or denotare aliquem ; oblique 

perstringere. TT (touch, glance at), 

tangere aliquid. 

Allusion, designatio. — To make allusion, 
same as to allude. 

ALLURE (entice), illicio, allicic, sollicito 
attraho, invito ; (wheedle), lenocinor, 
blandior, pellicio. — To allure forth, 

Allurement, blandimentum, lenocini- 
um, illecebra. 

An Allurer, illex, allector. 

ALLY (of the state), socius, amicus ; (by 
marriage), affinis. 

To Ally one's self with any one, se junge- 

re, conjungere cum aliquo (generally) ; 
societatem inire, coire, facere cum ali- 
quo (to enter into a partnership, &c.) ; foe- 
dere conjungi cum aliquo, societatem 
conjungere cum aliquo,(raafee a league) ; 
(by marriage), matrimonio aliquem se- 

Alliance (by marriage), affinitas. 

IT (by blood), consanguinitas. IT (of 

states), foedus ; societas, amicitia. 
Allied, conjunctus, foedere devinctus, 
fcederatus ; affinis, propinquus,cognatus. 
ALMANAC, fasti, calendarium. 
ALMIGHTY, rerum omnium preepotens ; 

omnipotens (poet.). 
ALMOND, amygdalum. — Almond-tree, 

ALMONER, qui est alicui a largitionibus 
ALMOST, paane, prope, propemodum, fe- 
re, modo non, tantum non. — lam almost 
out of my wits, vix sum apud me. 
— Almost drunk, ebrio proximus. — 
They almost did it, haud multum ab- 
fuit quin fecerint ; — J almost believe, 
non longe abest, quin credam. — It is 
almost two o'clock, instat hora secunda. 
ALMS, stips, beneficium. — To distribute 
alms, stipem spargere. — To collect alms, 
stipem cogere, colligere. — To beg an 
alms of any one, stipem emendicare ab 
aliquo. — To liveby alms, aliena miseri- 
cordia vivere ; of any one, ope alicujus 
sustentatum vivere. 
Almshouse, ptochotrophium, ptochium ; 
(for old men or women), gerontocomium. 
An Alms-giver, qui tenuitatem aliorum 
pecunia sublevat ; largus, beneficus, 
ALOES, aloe. 

ALOFT, sublimis, sublime (more rarely in 
sublime), sursum. — Hoist him aloft, 
sublimem nunc rape. — To soar aloft, 
sublime ferri, sublimem abire ; pennis or 
alis se levare. — The boughs grow up 
aloft, in excelsum emicant rami. — From 

aloft, desuper. 1T Aloft (up in the 

air), sublimis, sublime. 
ALONE, solus (without companions, asso- 
ciates, friends, &c.) ; unus (opposed to 
several or all ; for the most part emphati- 
cally, for which also we have solus, unus 
solus); sine arbitris, remotis arbitris ; (of 
one's self), per se. — To rule alone, solum 
regnare. — To be alone, solum esse, se- 
cum esse, sine arbitris esse. — To wish to 
be alone, secretum desiderare. — Oncwho 
loves to be alone, solitarius.— We will do it 
alone, per nos agemus. — Let those things 
alone, mitte ista. — Let we these things 
alone, missa haec faciamus. - Let me alone, 
me omittas ; noli me turbare. — IT Alone, 
i. e. single, only, unus, solus, unicus, 
singularis. — To be alone of its kind, in 
suo genere singularem esse. — Not 

alone, non solum, non modo. || See 

ALONG, per, or else by the ablative ; as, J 
was going along the highway, publica 
ibam via. — Hong the river's side, secun- 
dum fluvium. — Along with, una cum. 

ill along, tota via, ubique — Lying all 

along, prostratus, corpore extenso ja- 
cens° recubans. 
ALOOF, remotus, procul. — 1T Fig. to keep 
aloof from business, from public affairs, 
non attingere negotia, rempublicam. 
ALOUD, clare, clara voce ; magna or 
summa voce (with a strong or very strong 

voice). IT (openly), palam, coram 

multis or omnibus. 
ALPHABET, literae,(literarum)elementa; 
literarumordo, literarum notae or forms. 
Alphabetical, in literas digestus, li- 
terarum ordine dispositus. — In alpha- 
betical order, alphabetically, literarum or- 
dine. — To arrange alphabetically, ali- 
quid in literas digerere. 
ALPS, Alpes. 

Alpine, Alpinus, Inalpinus. 
ALREADY, jam ; jamjam, jam jamque, 

(more than jam). 
ALSO, etiam, praeterea, insuper, ad hoc, 
ad haec, (moreover, besides ; chiefly used 
inintroducing anew subject and attribute): 
quoque (cannot bear upon a whole sen- 
tence) : nee minus (so also, no less), nee 
non (and also ; connecting sentences) : 
item, itidem,(m like manner, likewise, 

just so). IT When a thing is attributed 

to any person which is also said of anoth- 
er, et ipse is vised; as, Vespasian was sue- 




ceeded by Titus his son, tcho was also called 
Vespasian, Vespasiano Titus, filius, suc- 
cessit, qui et ipse Vespasianus est dic- 
tus. — But when the force of the sentence 
rests in this, that different things are 
ascribed to the same person, idem is used ; 
as, in earlier times musicians were also 
poets, musici quondam iidem poets. 

IT And also, et etiam, et quoque, 

but usually with an intermediate word; 

otherwise atque etiam may be used. 

If Not only — but also, non solum — sed 
or verum etiam ; non modo — sed 
etiam ; et — et ; cum — turn, turn — 

ALTAR, ara, altare, mostly in plur. alta- 
ria : — the ara is properly distinguished 
from the altare in being its base. — A 
small altar, arula. 

ALTER, v. a. mutare, commutare, im- 
mutare {for the most part to chaajc en- 
tirely), submutare {partially), novare 
(give anew form to); emendare (amend 
in part or wholly), corrigere (correct 
quite) ; variare (change often, make alterna- 
tions or vicissitudes) ; invertere (turn up- 
side down, and so alter for the worse); inter- 
polare (falsify by alteration). — v. n. mu- 
tari, commutari, immutari, variare 

(especially of weather), converti. 

To alter his plan or resolution, consi- 
lium mutare or commutare. — his wont, 
consuetudinem mutare. —r his character, 
mores emendare (for Die better) ; mores 
invertere (for the worse). — To alter for 
the worse (in character), se invertere ; 
for the better, in melius mutari, ad bo- 
nam frugem se recipere. — He has not 
altered, non alius est ac fuit; est idem, 
qui fuit semper. — He is wholly altered, 
commutatus est totus. — The custom is 
somewhat altered, deflexif. de via. con- 
suetudo. — To be altered in affection, 

Alteration, mutatio, commutatio, im- 
niutatio, conversio, varietas, vicissitu- 
do: — of affection, alienatio. 

ALTERCATION(di's/>Mte, debate), alterca- 
tio: (wranale), altercatio, jurgium, rixa. 

ALTERNATE, adj. alternus. IT v. n. 


Alternately, per vices, alternis. 

Alternation, vices, vicissitudo, alterna- 

Alternative ; as, he left me no alterna- 
tive but to swear, nihil nisi ut jurarem 

ALTHOUGH. See Thouo-h. 

ALTITUDE, altitudo, excelsitas. 

ALTOGETHER. See All, near the end. 

ALWAYS, semper, usque, perpetuo, ju- 
giter, nunquam non ; in perpetuum, in 
aeternum, in asvum. 

AM. See Be. 

AMAIN, summa vi, vehementer, acriter, 

AMANUENSIS, a manu (sc. servus), 
amanuensis (later word), librarius, scri- 
ba ; of letters, ab epistolis (sc. servus). 

AMASS, accumulare, construere. — One 
who amasses wealth, accumulator opum. 

AMATEUR. — In any thing, alicujus rei 
amantissimus or studiosissimus, alicu- 
jus rei magnus amator ; to be such, ali- 
qua re delectari, aliquem rem habere in 

AMATORY, amatorius. 

AMAZE,alicujus mentem animumque per- 
turbare, aliquem in perturbationem con- 
jicere;consternare, percutere ; in stupo- 
rem dare, obstupefacere. — To be amazed 
(struck with amazement), obstupescere, 
perturbari, exanimari, obstupefieri, stu- 
pefieri. — To be amazed (in a state of 
amazement), stupere, exanimatum esse. 

Amazed, consternatus animo, confusus 
animo, exaniniatus, attonitus ; obstupe- 
factus, stupens. 

Amazing, stupendus. 

Amazement, consternatio, perturbatio ; 
stupor; admiratio. 

AMAZON, Amazon, plur. Amazones. 

IT Fig. mulier or virgo bellica or 


AiMBASSADOR,qui missus est, legatus ; 
orator (with a verbal commission ; espe- 
cially to negotiate peace). — Ambassadors, 
qui missi sunt, legati, oratores ; also, 
legatio, legationes, (embassy, embassies). 
— To be an ambassador, gerere, ad- 
ministrare legationem, legatione fungi, 

esse legatum. IT (a herald at arms) 


AMBER, succinum, electrum. — Of am 
ber, succineus. 

AMBIGUOUS, ambiguus, anceps, (as 
oraculum, responsum) ; dubius, flexilo 
quus, obscurus. — An ambiguous ex 
pression, ex ambiguo dictum. 

Ambiguously, ambigue. 

Ambiguity, ambiguitas, amphibolia. 

AMBITION, ambitio, aviditas glorife, 
studium laudis, studium cupiditasque 
honorum, contentio honorum, cupido 
honoris or famae. It may in some connec- 
tions be expressed by gloria ; as, to be im 
pelled or led on by ambition, gloria duci 

— Also, to be inflamed with ambition, am 
bitione accensinn esse or flagrare. 

Ambitious, ambitiosus, avidus gloriae or 
laudis, cupidus honorum, appetens glo 
ri?e. — To be ambitious, laudis studio 
trahi, gloria, duci. 

Ambitiously, ambitiose. 

AMBLE (go an ambling pace), tolutim in- 

cedere. IT (walk softly or affectedly), 

molliter or effeminate incedere. 

An Amble or ambling pace, gradus toluti- 
lis : (soft or affected), incessus mollis or 
effeminatus. — An ambling horse, equus 

AMBROSIA, ambrosia. 

Ambrosial, ambrosius, ambrosiacus. 

AMBRY (press for keeping victuals or alms 
in), repositorium, scrinium, abacus, lo- 

AMBUSH, insidias (the place or men), locus 
insidiarum (the place), latebrae (the lurk- 
ing-place, of a murderer, for instance). — 
To set in ambush, in insidiis locare, col 
locare ; in insidiis disponere (in different 
places). — To lay an ambush or ambus- 
cade, insidias locare, collocare, ponere. 

— To fall into one, in insidias incidere. 
AMENABLE, same as Accountable, Re 

AMEND (to make better), emendo, corri 
go, melius facio, in melius muto. — To 
amend a decree, decretum recognoscere. 

1T (become better in health), meliorem 

fieri, ex morbo convalescere ; — (in char- 
acter), mores suos mutare, in viam redi- 
re, ad virtutem revocari. 

Amendment, correctio, emendatio : — 
(in health), valetudo in melius inclina- 
ta, convalescentia, reditus ad salutem ; 
(in circumstances), melior rerum condi- 
tio ; (in character), reditus ad virtutem 
or ad bonam frugem, mores emendatio- 
res. — To bring to amendment, ad sani- 
tatem animi reducere. 

Amends, compensatio, satisfactio. — To 
make amends for, compensare rem re. 

AMERCE (punish by the purse), multo, 
multam dico or irrogo. 

Amercement, multatio, multa. 

AMERICA, America. 

American, Americanus. 

Americans, Americani. 

AMIABLE, dulcis, suavis, jucundus, ve- 
nustus. — An amiable countenance, vul- 
tus liberalis et venustus. 

Amiableness, dulcitudo, suavitas, morum 
comitas, formre venustas. 

AMICABLE. See Friendly. 

AMIDST, inter, in medio. — Amidst 
these things, inter haec, dum haec aguntur. 

AMISS, perperam, male. — Whatever is 
done amiss, quicquid peccatur, Cic. — 
It will not be amiss, non erit alienum, 
non abs re erit. 

AMITY. See Friendship. 

AMMUNITION, instrumentum et appa- 
ratus belli ; arma, tela, cetera, quae ad 
bellum gerendum pertinent. 

Ammunition-bread, panis militaris. 

AMNESTY, venia (praeteritorum), impu- 
nitas, oblivio (with or without rerum an- 
te actarum or praeteritarum). 

AMONG, inter (to denote the being among 
several) ; in ; e, ex, de, (of the number of, 
from among). In stating a number, or 
after a superlative, these prepositions may 
be used or the genitive; as, many among 
men, multi hominum, multi ex homini- 
bus ; but only the preposition, if the nume- 
ral be indeclinable ; as, sapientissimus in 
septem. — Among men, inter homines, 
in hominibus. — To reckon money among 
good things, pecunias in bonis rebus nu- 
merare. — To divide any thing among 
themselves, inter se aliquid partiri or di- 

videre. — Among other things also, inter 
alia quoque. — To put among the gods, 

reponere in deos. IT Among is also 

expressed by apud, when the objects are 
taken together, not separately ; as, it was 
questioned among our ancestors (i. e. it 
was a question with our ancestors), whether, 
&c, quaesitum est apud majores no- 
stras, num, etc. Also by ad, and by other 
modes of speech ; as, to be held sacred 
among all nations, ad omnes nationes 
sanctum esse ; — Segesta, whichis Egesia 
among the Greeks, Segesta, quae Graecis 
Egesta est ; — among us this is accounted 
shameful, id nostris moribus nefas babe- 

tur. IT Among themselves, inter se 

(in some connections, inter ipsos) ; alter 
alteram (of two), alius alium (of several); 
mutuo, ultra citro, ultra et citro, ultra 
citroque. — To disagree among them- 
selves, inter se discordare, dislsentire, 

dissidere. If Among themselves 

(without witnesses), remotis arbitris ; — 
(in confidence), inter se. -7— || See Be- 

AMOROUS, amatorius, amans, mollis. 

Amorously, amatorie, molliter. 

AMOUNT to (a sum), efneere, explere, 
implere ; also esse. — What does it 
amount to ? what is the amount ? quae 
summa est ? quantum est ? — To amount 
to four thousand men, quatuor millia mi- 
litum explere. — To a great sum, Ion- 
gam summam efficere. IT It amounts 

to nothing, nihil valet. — All words 
amount to" this, omnia verba eo redeunt. 
— The whole letter amounts to this, sum- 
ma hujus epistolae hsec est. 

Amount (sum), summa. — The whole 

amount, solidum. <2 great amount of 

money, pecunia magna or grandis. 

11 (substance, effect), summa, caput. — 
Many things were said to the same amount, 
multa in eandem sententiam dicta sunt. 

AMOUR, amor, res amatoria. Qmours, 

a mores. 

AMPHIBIOUS animal, bestia quasi an- 
ceps, in utraque sede vivens, Cic. ; ani- 
mal, cui aquam terramque incolendi ge- 
mina natura est, Flor. 

AMPHITHEATRE, amphitheatrum. 

AMPLE (spacious, broad, extended), am- 
plus, latus, spatiosus ; (capacious), 
capax ; (great im bulk), magnus. 

IT (liberal, large, plentiful), largus, 

copiosus, opimus, amplus, cumulatus ; 
(magnificent, splendid), amplus, splen- 
didus, niagnificus. 

Amply, large, copiose, abunde, ample. 

Amplitude, amplitudo, spatium ; magni- 
tudo; copia, ubertas. 

Amplify, amplifico, amplio, augeo ; (ex- 
aggerate), verbis exaggerare, verbis au- 
gere, in majus extollere, in falsum au- 

Amplification, amplificatio ; verbositas. 

AMPUTATE (a limb), amputare ; (the 
ears, nose, lips), prrecidere, abscidere, 

AMULET, amuletum, praebia or prce- 
,bia (plur.), phylacterium (a late word). 

AMUSE (entertain), oblectare, delectare. 

IT (put off from time to time), extra- 

here aliquem, Liv. ; aliquem variis fru- 
strationibus differre. — To amuse one 
with vain hope, lactare aliquem et spe 
falsa, producere, Tacit. 

Amusing, jucundus. 

Amusement, oblectatio, delectatio ; ob- 

ANALOGY, analogia, comparatio, pro- 
portio ; (similitude generally), similitudo. 

Analogous, analogicus; similis. 

Analogically, per analogiam ; similiter. 

ANALYSIS, explicatio, explicatio et 
enodatio, expositio. — A chemical analy- 
sis, analysis chemica ; to make such, ad 
principia reducere, in elementa dissol- 

Analyze, explicare, explicare et enoda- 
re, quasi in membra discerpere. 

ANARCHY, effrenata multitudinis licen- 
tia, leges solutas ; civitas in qua libido 
multitudinis pro legibus est ; respublica, 
quae multitudinis arbitrio agitatur. 

ANATOMY, sectio corporum (the act) ; 
anatomia or anatomice(£/ie art or science). 

ANCESTORS, majores, generis or gentis 
auctores, priores, patres, avi.— An ances- 
tor, generis or gentis auctor, unus majo- 




Ancestral, avitus, proavitus. 

Ancestry, majores. — Of noble ances- 
try, nobili genere natus. — Of ignoble 
ancestry, nullis majoribus ortus, obscu- 
ris ortus majoribus. 

ANCHOR, ancora. — An anchor's cable, 
ancorale. — To cast anchor, ancoram 
jacere. — To weigh it, ancoram tollere, 
oram solvere. — To heave it, ancoram 
inoliri. — To ride at anchor, in ancoris 
stare. IT Fig. ancora. 

Anchorage (place for riding), ancorae ja- 
ciendae locus idoneus ; (money paid for 
casting anchor), vectigal ancorale. 

ANCIENT, vetustus, antiquus, priscus, 
vetus. — — || See Antique, Antiquity. 

Anciently, vetuste, prisce, antique. 

AND, et, ac, atque, necnon, -que, turn. 

— And not, nee or neque, et non, ac 
non (nee, neque, when the whole follow- 
ing proposition is denied ; but et non, 
when only single words or ideas are denied ; 
ac non, especially when the following sen- 
tence contains a correction or a contrast .- 
as, we must use reason, and not follow the 
evil use of custom, adhibenda est ratio, 
nee utendum pravissimS. consuetudinis 
regula ; — it is tedious and unnecessary to 
relate, longum est et non necessarium 
commemorare ; — / would write more 
fully, if the matter needed words, and didnot 
speak for itself, pluribus verbis ad te scri- 
berem,si res verba desideraret,ac non pro 
se ipsaloqueretur. We say, non mea cul- 
pa factum est, sed tua, or tua. culpa, fac- 
tum est, non mea [but not et non], 
it has happened through your fault, and 
not mine). — And not long after, ne- 
que ita multo post. — And? not without 
cause, nee injuria. — find so forth, et cete- 
ra, cetera ; etquae sunt, reliqiia.— And yet, 

tamenetsi. IT And is omitted when 

the former of two verbs, coupled by it, 
is changed into a participle ; as, herailed 
at him, and beat him, conviciis laceratum 
cecidit,/or conviciis laceravitet cecidit. 

yiHow can we go out, and not be seen ? 

quomodo ita possumus egredi, ut non 

conspiciamur ? <2 little more, and, «Sec., 

haud multum abfuit, quin, etc. 

IT And is sometimes included in the su- 
pine ; as, J will go and see, ibo visum. 
|| See Both. 

ANECDOTE, fabula, fabella, narratiun- 

ANEW, denuo, de or ab integro ; re in 

ANGEL, minister ac nuntius Dei, ange- 
lus ; genius. 

Angelic, angelicus. 

ANGER, ira (pi. irae, different expressions 
of a. in several persons) ; iracundia (pas- 
sionate temperament, irascibility ; also, 
fierce anger, heat); bilis (rather inward 
chafing) ; indignatio (indignation). — 
Raging anger, ira et rabies alicujus. 

Angry, iratus (alicui) ; irte plenus(in ali- 
quem) ; (ira) accensus, iracundia in- 
flammatus ; minax, trux, (threatening, 
wild). — Of an angry temperament, ira- 
cundus ; ad iram proclivis ; in iram 
praeceps. — To be angry, iratum esse ; 
irasci. — To make one angry, aliquem ir- 
ritare ; iratum reddere ; bilem or stoma- 
chum alicui movere. 

Angrily, irate, irato animo ; iracunde. 

ANGLE (to fish), piscari. 

Angler, piscator. 

Angling-rod, arundo piscatoria. 

ANGLE (a corner), angulus. 

Angular, angulatus,angularis ; angulosus. 

ANGUISH, angov, dolor, cruciatus. 

ANIMADVERSION, reprehensio. 

ANIMAL (including man or not), animal, 

Animal, adj. — life, vita quns corpore et 
spiritu continetur ; anima. — Animal 
goods, bona corporis. 

ANIMATE, v. a. (give life), animare. — 
Reanimate, vitam alicujus restituere, vi- 
tam alicui reddere. V (encourage, en- 
liven), excitare, incitare, animos addere. 

Animated (having life), animatus, ani- 
mans, animalis. — Animated beings, 

animantes, animalia. ff (lively), vi- 

vidus, vegetus ; (ardent, fervid) , ardens, 
fervidus, acer ; (excited, impelled), inci- 
tatus, incensus. 

Animation (liveliness, spirit, ardor), vigor, 
alacritas, vis, spiritus, impetus, ardor. 

— of an orator, vis, calor, concitatio, 


vehementia. — of an oration, vis, im- 
petus, incitatio ; oratio fervidior. 

ANIMOSITY, aestus, odium pertinax; 
animus infestus, inimicus, hostilis. 

ANKLE, talus. — A coat that reaches to 
the ankle, tunica talaris. — Up to the ankle, 
talo tenus. — The anklebone, malleolus. 

ANNALS, annales. 

Annalist, scriptor annalium. 

ANNEX, annecto, adjungo. 

ANNIHILATE, delere, exstinguere, tol- 
lere, subvertere, perdere. 

Annihilation, deletio, exstinctio, ever- 
sio ; interitus ; excidium. 

ANNIVERSARY, dies anniversarius. — 
of one's birth, dies natalis. 

ANNOUNCE, nuntiare, renuntiare ; pro- 
mulgare ; imperare, edicere, proponere ; 
pronuntiare ; indicere ; promittere ; por- 
tendere, prasdicere, praenuntiare ; de- 

Announcement, nuntiatio, renuntiatio, 
etc. ; edictum, imperium. 

ANNOY, vexare, fatigare, obtundere, la- 

cessere, exagitare, carpere. Annoying, 

gravis, molestus. 

Annoyance, vexatio, molestia. 

ANNUAL, annuus; anniversarius (re- 
turning every year ; as, sacra). 

Annually, quotannis, singulis annis ; in 
singulos annos. 

ANNUITY, annua pecunia, annua (pi.). 

ANNUL. See Abolish, Abrogate,Annihilate. 

ANOINT, ungo, inungo, oblino, perlino. 

ANOMALOUS, enormis, anomalus (in 
grammar), incompositus. 

ANON, extemplo, illico, mox, statim, e 
vestigio, confestim. — Ever and anon, 
identidem, subinde. 

ANONYMOUS, as, an anonymous letter, 
litera sine nomine scriptae. — writing, 
libellus sine auctore propositus. — 
verses, sine auctore versus; carmen in- 
certo auctore vulgatum. 

ANOTHER, alius {of many ; also when an- 
other is equivalent to a different, a better 
or worse ; as, I have quite another opin- 
ion, longe alia mihi mens est ; — he has 
become quite another man, plane alius fac- 
tus est) ; alter (of two ; used also in in- 
definite expressions, where only one person 
is really meant, though we say another : 
as, if you make a contract with another, 
si cum altera contrahas ; — who is con- 
triving the death of another, qui alteri exi- 
tium parat) ; diversus (different, devia- 
ting from). — One after another, alius post 
alium ; alii super alios (one upon anoth- 
er) ; singuli (every one) ; deinceps (ira 
immediate succession) ; ex ordine. — They 
are delighted with one another, invicem 
sese delectant. — At one time happy, at 
another unhappy, alias beatus, alias mi- 
ser ; so, modo — modo, nunc — nunc. 
— They may assist one another, alii aliis 
prodesse possunt. — They differ from one 
another, inter se dissident. — He dis- 
persed them abroad, some to one place, 
some to another, alia alio dissipavit. — 
One is threatened with danger from this 
side, another from that, aliis aliunde peri- 
culum est. — It is one thing to revile, an- 
other to accuse, aliud est maledicere, 

aliud accusare. Another (a second) 

Hannibal, alter Hannibal ; another Ca- 
millus, novus Camillus. — At another 
time, alias, alio tempore ; at another 
place, alibi ; to another place, alio ; anoth- 
er way, aliorsum. — To adopt another 
plan, consilium mutare. — To put on 
another dress, vestimenta mutare. — 
One good turn deserves another, manus 

manum lavat or fricat. IT Another 

man's, alienus. — Liberal with another's 
purse, de alieno liberalis. 

ANSWER, v. respondere, responsum da- 
re, edere, reddere ; rescribere (answer 
in writing a written inquiry) ; (of a jurist), 
respondere de jure, responsitare ; (to a 
charge), respondere, se defendere, se 
purgare. - Not to answer, make no answer, 
non respondere ; tacere, obmutescere ; 
nullum responsum dare. — To an. not a 
word, nullum verbum respondere ;omni- 
no nihil respondere. — Do you answer 
me nothing ? nil mihi respondes ? — To 
answer an objection, respondere contra 
aliquid ; id, quod opponitur, refutare (to 

answer and refute). TT (to correspond 

to, be the counter part), respondere ; (come 

up to), respondere, explere. — Let the 


words answer to the words, verba verbis 
respondeant. — The event answers to the 
expectation, ad spem respondet eventus. 

— To answer one's wish, respondere vo- 
to alicujus. — To answer any one's ex- 
pectation, exspectationem alicujus ex- 
plere, exspectationi alicujus respondere; 
not to, &LC. decipere alicujus exspectatio- 
nem. 1T To answer for, prasstare, in 

se recipere ; (excuse, clear), excusare, 
purgare ; (account for), rationem redde- 
re alicujus rei. 

An Answer, responsum, responsio ; (to a 
charge), responsio, defensio, purgatio, 
excusatio ; (of an oracle), responsum, ora- 
culum, sors oraculi ; (an account), ratio. 

Answerable (accountable), obnoxius, ob- 

ligatus, cui ratio reddenda est. 

TT (suitable, conformable), consentaneus, 
conveniens, congruus. 

Answerably, convenienter, congruenter, 
apte ; ad, secundum. 

ANT, formica. — A little one, formicula. 

— An ant-hill, formicetum (probably of 
modern origin). 

ANTAGONIST, adversarius ; ira reply 
sometimes expressed by iste. 

ANTECEDENT, antecedens, praecedens ; 
prior, superior. 

Antecedent, s. antecedens, quod ante- 
cedit ; (in logic), propositio, propositum. 

ANTECHAMBER, amphithalamus, pro- 

ANTELOPE, antilope, L. 

ANTICHRIST, antichristus. 

ANTICIPATE, prae venire, antevenire, 
occupare, praeoccupare : antevertere, 
praevertere ; occurrere. — Report antici- 
pates my letter, farna meam epistolam ce- 
leritate superat. — To anticipate one's 
wishes, desideria alicujus praavenire. — 
the disgrace of condemnation by a vol- 
untary death, ignominiam damnationis 
morte voluntaria praevenire. — condemna- 
tion by taking poison, veneno damnatio- 
nem antevertere. — IT (to take in advance, 
enjoy or suffer beforehand), praesumere, 
pracipere, anticipare ; fructum alicujus 
rei anticipare : — (have a presentiment of), 

praesentire. .IT (to preclude), alicui rei 

occurrere,obviam ire ; aliquid praecavere. 

Anticipation, anteversio, prassumptio ; 
praesensus, praesagium : - By anticipation, 
may be expressed by prae ire composition. 

ANTICS, praestigiae ; ridicula. 

ANTIDOTE, antidotus, antidotum ; re- 
medium adversus venenum. 

ANTIPATHY, discordia rerum, repug- 
nantia rerum, antipathia; odium, aver- 

ANTIQUARY, rerum antiquarum admi- 
rator or amator ; antiquitatis investiga- 
tor, antiquitatis peritus. 

Antique, vetus, vetustus, priscus, anti- 
quus. — An antique, an antiquity, res an- 
tiqua, antiquitatis monumentum, opus 
antiquum. IT (old-fashioned, antiqua- 
ted), obsoletus, exoletus. 

Antiquity, vetustas, antiquitas. — An- 
tiquities, antiquitas ; antiquitates. 

ANVIL, incus, -udis. 

ANXIOUS, anxius, sollicitus ; pavidus, 
trepidus, trepidans ; euriosus. 

Anxiety, anxietas, sollieitudo, trepidatio, 
timor ; cura, nimia cura. 

ANY, ullus, quivis, quispiam, quilibet, 

aliquis. iny thing, quicquam, quid- 

piam, quidvis. — Any where, usquam, 
uspiam. — Zny whither, quopiam, quo- 
quam, quovis. — Any one of you, quivis 
vestrum. — If any one, if anything, si 
quis, si quid; whether any, ecquis, num 
quis. — If he would have any thing of me, 
si quid me velit. — Is any body there ? 
ecquis hie est ? — Nor could any icind 
blow, but, &c. neque ullus flare ventus 
poterat, quin. — Any dangers are to be 
ventured, adeunda sunt quaevis pericu- 
la. — Was he any the richer ? numquid 
copiosior fuit ?— Any wherein the world, 
ubivis gentium. — The most of any, 
maxime omnium. — At any time, any 
day, quovis die. — Any how, quocun- 
que modo, quoquo modo. — If any how, 
si qua, si quid. — If any whither, si quo. 

— At any time, unquam ; if at any 
time, si quando. 

APACE, properanter, festinanter, prope- 
re, quamocissume,maturius ; velociter, 
celeriter ; cito. 

APART, seorsum, separatim, sejunctim ; 




also se in composition. — Jesting apart 
joco remoto. 
APARTMENT, conclave; diffita; zotheca. 

— Sleeping apartment, cubiculum, cubi- 
culum dormitorium or noctis et somni 

— Apartment for guests, cubiculum hos 
pitale. — Undressing apartment, apodyte- 
rium. || See Cabinet. 

APATHY, torpor, indolentia ; lentus ani- 

APE, simia and simius. — A little one, simi- 
ola. .IT Fig. homo putidus ; trossulus. 

To Ape, perverse imitari, inepte exprime- 
re ; imitari. 

APOLOGY, defensio ; excusatio, purga- 
tio, satisfactio. — To urge as an apology, 
aliquid excusare, causari. 

To Apologize for a thing, aliquid defen- 
dere, proaliquare propugnare : {excuse), 
aliquid excusare ; to one, alicui or 
apud aliquem. 

Apologist, defensor. 

APOSTASY, defectio a sacris. 

An Apostate, apostata, Tertull. 

APOSTLE, apostolus. 

Apostolic, apostolicus, ab apostolo tra- 

APOTHECARY, medicamentarius (phar- 
macopoia means a quack, empiric). — 
Apothecary's sAop,rnedicina (sc. taberna). 

APPALL, terrere, exterrere, perterrere, 
perterrefacere, terrorem alicui incute- 
re, in terrorem conjicere. 

Appalling, terribilis, horribilis, horren- 
dus, horrificus. 

APPAREL, ornatus, vestitus, habitus ; 
vestis,vestimenta. — 1| See Clothe, Dress. 

APPARENT, evidens, manifestus, liqui- 
dus. — To be apparent, patere, in 
promptu esse. — It is apparent, patet, 
apparet, manifestum est, in oculos in- 

currit. M (seeming), quod videtur ; 

fictus ; opinatus ; fucatus. 

Apparently (clearly), aperte, manifesto: 

— (asit seems), nt videtur : — (seeming- 
ly), specie ; verbo. 

APPEAL, appello (aliquem), provoco (ad 
aliquem); ad aliquem confugio.-One who 
appeals, appeUator, qui appellat, provocat. 

An Appeal, appellatio, provocatio ; implo- 

Appellate, appellatorius ; ad quod provo- 
cari potest. 

APPEAR, pareo, appareo, compareo, elu- 
ceo, eniteo; emergo ; exsisto, orior. — 
To appear in judgment, vadimonium obi- 
re, in judicio sistere, etc. — It appears 
(is clear), apparet, constat, liquido pa- 
tet. IT (seem), videri. — It appears 

(seems), videtur. See As. 

Appearance (appearing), adventus, prre- 

sentia, vadimonium (as surety). 

1T (the thing which appears), visum, spe- 
cies, res objecta. IT (seeming, look, 

show), species. 

Apparition, visum ; species (e. g. mor- 
tui), simulacrum vanum, umbra, larva. 

APPEASE, placare, lenire, sedare, mul 
cere, placidum et tranquillum reddere. 

— Toappeasea mob, tumullum compone- 
re. — To op. with soft words, delinire, 
permulcere, remulcere. — To appease the 
divine wrath, iras deorum placare, Ovid. 

Appeased, placatus, pacatus, sedatus, 
mollitus, expiatus. 

Appeasing, placatio ; sedatio. 

APPENDAGE, appendix, additamentum, 

APPERTAIN. (See Belong.) — To buy 
something with all its appurtenances, ali- 
quid instructum emere. 

APPETITE (generally), appetentia, appe- 
titio, appetitus, desiderium, cupiditas. 

IT (of eating), cibi cupiditas or avi- 

ditas or appetentia ; fames ; potionis 
aviditas. — Want of, fastidium ; cibisa- 
tietas (from being full). — To make an 
appetite, appetentiam cibi facere, prae- 
stare, invitare. — get by walking, famem 
ambulando opsonare. — To come to 
dinner with a good appetite, integram fa- 
mem ad cibum afferre. 

APPLAUD, applaudere, plausum dare ; 

Applause, plausus,clamores ; laus, laudes. 

APPLE, malum ; pomum (this or other like 
fruit). —Apple-tree, mains ; pomus. 

APPLY (to put to), apponere, applicare, 
admovere ; aptare, accommodare, adap- 
tare ; imponere (lay on). — ladders to 
the walls, scalas mcenibus applicare, ap- 

ponere, admovere. — a plaster to a 
wound, vulneri cataplasma imponere or 

superimponere. IT (make use of), 

adhibere ; uti ; collocare, impendere, 
conferre. — To apply remedies to dis- 
eases, adhibere remedia morbis. 

IT (bring to bear upon something else ; car- 
ry over to something analogous), trans- 
ferre in rem, traducere ad rem, accom- 
modare ad or in rem. — To apply some- 
thing to one's self, aliquid de se interpre- 

tari. IT (bend the mind to), dare se 

alicui rei, dedere se studio alicujus rei, 
operam dare alicui rei, se applicare ad 
aliquid, incumbere in or ad aliquid. 

IT (have recourse to), confugere, 

vertere se, se convertere, se applicare. 
IT (to suit, agree), congruere, con- 
venire, conveniehtem, aptum esse alicui 
rei. IT To apply for, petere. 

Applicable, utilis, aptus, consentaneus, 
conveniens. — To be applicable, usui 
esse, usum habere. — This is applicable 
to him, hoc ad eum pertinet, hoc in eo 
valet, in eum cadit. 

Application, impositio, adhibitio, usus ; 
remedium, medicamentum. IT (in- 
dustry), industria, gnavitas, assiduitas, 

sedulitas, diligentia, intentio. 1T(re- 

quest), petitio. 

APPOINT (fix), statuere, constituere ; 
designare ; destinare ; finire, definire: 
(prescribe), praescribere, praecipere 
(elect), creare, facere : (set over an office), 
praeficere or praeponere aliquem murieri, 
mandare or deferre alicui munus : (as- 
sign), assignare, attribuere, decernere. 

— a day, diem statuere, constituere, di- 
cere, eiigere ; beforehand, diem prsstitu- 
ere, prafinire ; to ap. a time and place, 
tempus et locum condicere (by agree- 
ment). — one's pay, mercedem constitu- 
ere. — At the appointed day, ad diem, ad 
diem dictum, etc. ; time, ad tempus. — 
To appoint one witness, king, aliquem tes 
tern, aliquem regem constituere. — To 
appoint money for the games, pecuniam ad 
ludos decernere. - The prmtor has appoint- 
ed me guardian to one, praetor me tutorem 
alicuf constituit. — Our ancestors have 
well appointed, that, &c, bene majores 
illud comparaverunt, ut, etc. — To ap- 
point one in place of another, aliquem in 
alicujus locum substituere (gen.), suffi- 

cere (of the people, by election). 

11 (equip, fit out), ornare, exornare, instru- 
ere. — Well-appointed, probe instructus. 

Appointment, constitutio, definitio, ordi- 

natio. IT (stipulation, agreement), 

constitutum,conventum, pactio, pactum. 

— By appointment, ex conventu, (ex) 

composite. IT (decree), ordinatio, 

pratscriptum, decretum. IT (order), 

jussus, jussum, imperatum ; (commis- 
sion), mandatum, negotium. — By your 
appointment, jussu tuo. — By divine a., 
consilio divino ; jussu divino (by Ood's 

command). IT (equipment), ornatus. 

IT (allowance), commoda, salarium, 

annua pecunia. IT (office), munus. 

APPRAISE, aestimo, rei pretium consti- 
tuo, taxo. 

APPREHEND (arrest), comprehendere, 

apprehendere, in custodiam dare. 

IT (conceive, understand), comprehende- 
re, complecti, with or without mente or 
animo ; mente concipere, percipere ; 
cognoscere et percipere ; assequi ; in- 
telligere ; perspicere. — To apprehend 
quickly, celeriter comprehendere ; arri- 

pere. IT (fear, be apprehensive of), 

metuo, timeo, vereor, ne, etc. 

Apprehension (arrest), comprehensio, 

prehensio. 1T Apprehension (of the 

mind), comprehensio, intelligentia. — 
A man of quick apprehension, homo inge- 

nii subtilis, acuti. IT (opinion, view), 

opinio, judicium. — According to my 

apprehension, meo judicio. IT (fear), 

metus, timor, sollicitudo. 

APPRENTICE, discipulus, puer discens, 
taberna; alumnus, tiro. 

APPROACH, appropinquare, prope acce- 
dere ; (in time), adventare, appropin- 
quare, appetere, prope adesse, subes- 
se . — They approach Syracuse, ad Syra- 
cusas accedere incipiunt. — The time for 
the comitia was approaching, comitiorum 
jam appetebat tempus. — Day was ap- 
proaching, dies appetebat. IT To 

approach (in resemblance), prope accede- 

re ad aliquid, accedere ad similitudi- 
nem alicujus rei. 

An Approach, appropinquatio, accessus ; 
successus (gradual) ; appulsus (rapid). 

it the approach of death, morte appro- 

pinquante. it the approach of night, 

nocte appetente ; sub noctem (not noc- 
te). IT (likeness), similitudo. 

APPROPRIATE, v. a. sibi aliquid su- 
mere, assumere, arrogare ; aliquid in 
se transferre ; aliquid occupare. — To 
appropriate a part of the victory, partem 
victoriae ad se vindicare. IT (con- 
sign to a special use), destinare ad ali- 
quid, seponere in aliquid or alicui rei. 

APPROPRIATE, adj. idoneus, aptus, 
conveniens, congruus. 

APPROVE, probo, approbo, comprobo ;. 
alicujus rei auctorem fieri (especially of 
the senate or a senator). — an opinion, 
sententise assentiri ; sententiamaccipe- 
re. — I do not approve of that (it likes m.e 
not), hoc mihi non arridet. — To ap- 
prove of (praise, commend), laudare. 

1T (ratify, confirm), ratum facere, duce- 
re ; ratum esse jubere. 

Approved, probatus, spectatus, cognitus. 

— A man of approved (sterling) integrity, 
spectatEe integritatis vir. — An ap- 
proved author, scriptor classicus ; scrip- 
tor idoneus (authentic). — Of approved 
fidelity, fidus, fidelis. — A man of ap- 
proved virtue, homo cogniti virtute. 

Approval, Approbation, probatio, appro- 
batio, comprobatio ; auctoritas, astipu- 
latio or-tus ; laus, assensio or -sus. 

APRICOT, prunum Armeniacum ; also 
merely Armeniacum or Armenium. — 
Apricot-tree, Armeniaca. 

APRIL, mensis Aprilis, Aprilis. — The 
first of April, Kalendae Apriles (see the 
Table of Time at the end of the Lexicon). 

APRON, subligaculum, subligar ; campes- 
tre (worn in the Campus Martius) ; prae- 
cinctorium (late). — A leather a., prae- 
cinctorium coriarium. 

APROPOS. — To come a., opportune ve- 
nire. — Apropos to this, quoniam men- 

tio hujus rei injecta est. Apropos! (in 

transition) sed quod mihi in mentem ve- 
nit ; audi ! die, quaeso ! 

APT (fit), aptus, concinnus. 

IT (ready, active), habilis, bonus, dex- 
ter. IT (inclined to), propensus, pro- 

clivis, pronus ; — - to be apt may also be 
rendered by sol ere, assolere. 

Aptly, apte, concinne, commode, etc. 

Aptness, aptitudo, concinnitas, cohaeren- 
tia, convenientia ; habilitas, usus, fa- 
cultas, ingenium ad aliquid aptum or 
habile ; propensio, procli vitas, indoles. 

— to learn, docilitas. 

ARABLE, arabilis.— land, arvum, aratio. 

ARBITER, judex, arbiter, disceptator. 

ARBITRARY (left to one's choice), arbitra- 
rius, libidine factus. — A thing is arbi- 
trary with me, aliquid est in me§i potes- 
tate, aliquid penes me est. IT (lord- 
ly), imperiosus. 

Arbitrarily, ad arbitrium, ad libidinem 
or ex libidine, ad voluntatem or ex 
voluntate ; insolenter, imperiose. 

ARBITRATE (decide), judicare, dijudica- 
re, disceptare, decernere, arbitri partes 
suscipere. — a dispute, controversiam 
dirimere, tollere, transigere ; de contro- 
versial decidere, statuere, constituere. 

Arbitration, dijudicatio, disceptatio; ar- 

An Arbitrator (arbiter, referee), arbiter, 
disceptator ; — (judge), judex. 

ARBOR, umbraculum. 

ARC, arcus. 

ARCH, fornix, arcus. — A triumphal arch, 

To Arch, camerare, confornicare. 

Arched, arcuatus ; fornicatus; camera- 
tus, concameratus. — An arched (vault- 
ed) roof, camera, fornix ; concamera- 
tio. — An arched (vaulted) place, conca- 
meratio, locus concameratus ; under 
ground, hypogeum. 

ARCH (waggish, mirthful), lascivus,malus. 

Archly, lascive. 

ARCH, in composition, may be expressed 
periphrastically by surnmus, maximus, 
orthesuperl. with or without omnium; 
as, an arch-thief, fur maximus ; an arch- 
villain, omnium scelestissimus. — Or 
by caput or princeps with the genitive of 
the thing in which the person is prc'imi- 




nent ; as, an arch-thief princeps omnium 
furtorum. — Or by qui totus ex aliqua re 
factus est or constat ; or by versatus in 
omni genere alicujus rei. — In later writ- 
ers the prefix, archi occurs ; as, archbishop, 
archiepiscopus ; archbishopric, archiepis- 
copatus ; archangel, archangelus. 

ARCHER, Sagittarius ; arcitenens, sagit- 

ARCHETYPE, exemplum primum, ar- 
chetypum. — (original or pattern gene- 
rally), exemplum. 

ARCHITECT, architects. 

Architecture (as a science or art), archi- 
tectura, architectonice. TT (as an ef- 
fect thereof), structure genus. — The old 
style of a., antiquum structural genus. 

— The architecture of houses, sdificiorura 

Architectural, architectonicus. 

ARCHITRAVE, epistylium. 

ARCHIVES (the place), tabularium, locus 
ubi charts publics asservantur, archi- 
vum, grammatophylacium. — Private 

archives, tabulinum or tablinum. 

IT (the records), tabulae publics, charts 

ARDENT (hot, fiery), ardens, candens, 

fervidus. TT (eager, fierce), acer, 

vehemens, ardens, fervidus, flagrans. 

Ardor (heat), aestus, ardor. TT (vehe- 
mence, fervor), vis, impetus, ardor, ve- 
hementia, fervor animi. 

ARDUOUS. See Lofty, Steep, and Hard, 

ARGUE, argumentari •, argumenta af- 
ferre ; argumentis docere velle. — To 

argue from, ducere argumenta ex. 

IT (to show, indicate, bear witness), signi- 
ficare, ostendere, declarare, documento 
esse ; arguere. 

Argument (arguing, argumentation), 

probatio, argumentatio, ratio. 

IT (what is brought as proof), ratio, 
argumentum. — To make arguments 
to confound himself with, texere pla- 
gas contra se. — To prove by argu- 
ments, docere argumentis, demonstra- 
re ; efficere ; vincere, evincere. — To 
bring arguments, argumenta or ratio- 
lies afferre. TT (any proof, sign, tes- 
timony), signum, indicium, documen- 
tum. IT (of a poem, play, &c), ar- 
gumentum, epitome. IT (in court), 

oratio, actio, defensio ; (treatise), liber, 

ARISE, surgo, erigo or attollo me. — The 
senate arose, senatus consurrexit. — (of 
heavenly bodies), oriri, exoriri ; emerge- 

re (only of stars). TT (spring), orior, 

exorior, no, nascor, gignor ; exsisto 
(especially when unexpected) ; erumpo ; 
proficiscor, mano, fluo ; effloresco. — A 
laugh arises, risus codritur. — A question 
here arises, hoc loco qusstio exsistit, 

qusritur hie. TT (reverence), assur- 

go. TT To make one to arise, exsus- 

cito, excito. 

ARISTOCRAT, qui optimatium causam 
agit, optimatum fautor, unus ex opti- 
matibus. — The aristocrats or aristocracy, 
optimates, proceres, principes civitatis. 

Aristocracy, respublica, quae a principi- 
bus tenetur, optimatium civitas : pau- 
corum et principum administrate, opti- 
matium status, optimatium dominatus : 
(as abody), see above. 

Aristocratic, qui optimatium causam 
agit: quod ad opt. imperium pertinet ; 
quod aboptimatibus proficiscitur. 

ARITHMETIC, arithmetica (-orum ; bet- 
ter than-sd). 

Arithmetical, arithmeticus. 

ARK, navis, navigium. IT (of the cove- 
nant), area foederis divini. 

ARM (from the shoulder to the elbow), la- 
certus ; (from the elbow to the wrist), 
brachium. — To carry a child in one's 
arms, puerum in manibus gestare. — To 
clasp in one's arms, medium aliquem com- 
plecti. — To fall into one's arms, mani- 
bus alicujus excipi. — / receive with 
open arms, libens excipio aliquem. — To 
die in one's arms, in complexu alicujus 
emori, inter alicujus manus exspirare. 

— Of or relating to an arm, like an arm, 
brachialis. — Having strong, sinewy 
arms, lacertosus. — Jin armpit, axilla, 
ala. — To carry under the arm, portare 
sub ala ; a weapon carried under the arm., 
telum subalare. IT Fig. the arm (of 

thepolypus), cirrus, —of a river, brachi- 
um, pars ; caput (one of its mouths). — 
of the sea, sstuarium ; sinus. — of a 
mountain, brachium, ramus. — of a har- 
bor, brachium, cornu. — of a tree, ra- 
mus ; of a vine, palmes. — The arms of 
a chair, ancones (a late word) ; brachia 
might perhaps be used : an arm-chair, sel- 
la utrinque anconibus instructa. 

ARMS, arma (defensive, as the shield, hel- 
met; then also offensive weapons, as afford- 
ing defence; and fig. other means of de- 
fence) ; tela (offensive). — To take up 
arms, arma sumere, capere, (contra ali- 
quem). — To fly to arms, arma arripere. 
— They ran to arms, concursum est ad 
arma. — To arms ! ad arma ! — With 
arms in their hands, arma tenentes. — 
To lay down their arms, arma deponere, 
armis abscedere. — ■ A brother in arms, 
belli or armorum socius, commilito. — 
Able to bear arms, homo state militari (as 
to age) ;qui munus militis sustinere po- 
test (as to health, strength, &c). — By 
force of arms, vi et armis, armis. — 
Place of arms, armorum receptaculum. 

Armor, arma ; lorica, thorax, cataphrac- 
ta ; armatura (in reference to the kind 
of armor). — Armor-bearer, armiger. 

Armory (repository of arms), armamenta- 

Armorer, faber armorum. 

To Arm, armare. — one's self, se arma- 
re, armari, arma capere, arma indue- 
re. — Fig. armare, munire. — < Armed 
men, armati. — Light-armed^ levis ar- 
maturae. — Light-armed troops, milites 
levis armaturae (or milites leves, Liv. 
and later writers) ; levis armatura ; veli- 
tes,— Heavy-armed troops, milites gravis 
armaturae ; gravis or gravior armatura. 

Armament, vires, exercitus, copiae ; belli 

Armada, classis bellica, naves bellies. 

Armistice, inducis. 

Army, exercitus (a body of practised sol- 
diers) ; milites, miles, (with reference to 
the men as individuals, rather than as 
forming a whole) ; copis (forces, force;* 
more accurately defined by the accompa- 
nying adjective) ; agmen (an army on the 
march or in order of march) ; acies (in 
battle-array). — To raise an army, exer- 
citum scribere, conscribere ; milites 
scribere, legere ; delectum habere (by 
the consul on behalf of the state) : (by re- 
cruiting), exercitum, copias mercede 
conducere : (by force, promises or money 
generally), e. colligere, conficere, para- 
re, comparare. 

ARMS (armorial ensigns), insigne generis. 

AROMATIC, aromaticus (late). 

AROUND. See About and Round. 

AROUSE (from sleep), exsuscitare, exper- 
gefacere (esomno), excitare (e somno), 
suscitare somno or e quiete : — all used 
alsofigur. (without e somno, etc.). 

ARRAIGN, postulo, in jus aliquem voco. 

ARRANGE, ordinare, in ordinem addu- 
cere or redigere, digerere, in ordinem 
digerere, disponerejComponere, consti- 
tuere, instituere. 

Arrangement, dispositio, ordinatio, con- 
stitutio, institutio ; ordo, ratio. — of 
words, r.ompositio verborum. 

ARRANT, merus. — An arrant lie, me- 
rum mendacium. — knave, purus putus 
nebulo. — rascal, vilis homuncio. — 
thief, furacissimus. — sluggard, igna- 
vissimus. — liar, mendacissimus. 

ARRAS, tapes (etis), tapetum. 

ARRAY (set in order), disponere, ordina- 
re, componere. — troops, copias ordina- 
re. — for battle, copias or aciem instrue- 

re. TT (deck), ornare, exornare (deck 

out). — one's self, sibi vestem induere. 
— Arrayed, indutus, vestitus ; in ichite, 
candide vestitus ; in a tosa, togatus. 

Array, subst. (order), ordo. — Battle-ar- 
ray, acies. TT (dress), ornatus, ves- 
titus, cultus. 

ARREARS, residuum, -ua (orum), resi- 
dus pecunis. — To be a large sum in ar- 
rears, amplam summain or ampls sum- 
ms reliquari. — One who is in arrears, 
reliquator ; debitor, qui reliquatur. 

ARREST, comprehensio ; prehensio. 

To Arrest one, manus in aliquem injice- 

re, aliquem comprehendere. TT (to 

stop, stay), morari, remorari, retinere, 
tenere, sustinere. 


ARRIVE, venio, advenio, advento, per- 
venio ; afferor (be brought, of things) . — 
To arrive in a chariot, curru advehi. — 
in a ship, pervehi in locum; appellere 
aliquo: I arrived here, hue me appuli ; 
he arrives at Chrtjsis's father's house, ad 
Chrysidis patrem se applicat ; the ship 
arrived, navis appulsa est ; (as a person 
on board a ship), nave appellere ; (as the 
ship itself), appelli, applicari. 

Arrival, adventus, accessus, generally; 
appulsus, by ship. — Unexpected arrival, 
adventus improvisus, interventus, su- 

ARROGANT, arrogans, insolens, super- 

Arrogantly, arroganter, insolenter. 

Arrogance, arrogantia, insolentia, su- 
perbia. — He has so much arrogance, pro- 
cessit eo insolentis, eo jam devenit ar- 
rogantis et superbis. — To put on great 
arrogance, magnos sibi sumere spiritus. 

ARROGATE, vindicare sibi or ad se, su- 
mere or assumere sibi. 

ARROW, sagitta (also as a constellation) ; 
telum (any missile weapon). — To set an 
arrow in the bow ready to shoot, aptare 
nervo sagittam. — A shower of arrows, 
ingens vis sagittarum, magna vis telo- 
lum ; or with a similar figure, velut nu- 
bes sagittarum or teloruin. 

ARSENAL, armorum receptaculum. 

ART (acquired skill, opposed to nature), 
ars ; manus (the hand of man). — By art, 
arte, per artem,(generally) ; manu, ope- 
re, (by the hand of man) ; eruditione (by 
teaching and education). — Acquired by 
art, artificiosus. — Fortified by art, ma- 
nu, opere munitus. . TT Art (opposed 

to the merely mechanical), ars ; artificium. 
— With art, arte, ex arte, for instance, 
scribere, canere ; scienter (toith a knowl- 
edge of art, as, scienter tibiis cantare). 
Made with art (artfully), affabre fac- 
tus. TT Art (aptness in any thing ac- 
quired by practice), ars ; scientia alicujus 
rei (the knowledge or understanding of a 
thing, as, philosophandi scientia). — 
The art of painting, ars pingendi. — of 
suiting one's self to all things, dexteritas 
ingenii ad omnia. — of making one's 
self universally liked, ars ad promeren- 

dam omnium voluntatem There is no 

art in that, hoc artem non requirit ; istud 

quidem nihil negotii est. TT Art (an 

art, Artifice), ars, artificium, machi- 
na, dolus ; strophus ; (techna, only in 
comic writers) . irt (Artfulness ; cun- 
ning), consilium, astutia (natural), cal- 
liditas (acquired), versutia, vafrities. 

TT An Art (trade, profession, subject 

to rules, and learned by rules), ars, artifi- 
cium. — To practise or exercise an art, 
artem colere, factitare, exercere ; in 
aliqua arte versari. — War became an 
art, disciplina militaris in artis modum 
venit. — The liberal, elegant arts, artes 
ingenus, liberates, honests, elegantes ; 
studia liberalia. — The arts of war and 
peace, artes belli et pacis. 

Artful (performed with art), artis plenus, 

artificiosus, bene or affabre factus. 

TT (cunning), astutus (naturally), calli- 
dus (by practice and experience), versu- 
tus, vafer, veterator ; subdolus. 

Artfully, bene, affabre, concinne, ele- 
ganter: astute, callide^versute jsubdole. 

Artfulness. See Art. 

Artless (devoid of art, as faulty), non ar- 
tificiosus, inconditus. U (natural, 

simple, sincere), simplex, candidus, sine 

Artlessly, sine arte , nullo cultu ; sim- 

Artifice. See Art. 

Artificial, artificiosus (made by art) ; 
quod habet artem, artis particeps,(6«ar- 
ing signs of art) ; facticius, factus, (made, 

not the work of nature) . 9. natural or 

a. memory, memoria naturalis aut artifi- 
ciosa. — Whether this is natural or a., 

sive hoc est naturs, sive artis. 

TT (assumed, fictitious), Actus, fucatus, 
affectatus, qussitus. 

Artificially, artificiose, arte, manu et 
arte, affabre ; ficte. 

Artisan, faber, opifex, artifex. 

Artist, artifex. — A plastic a., artifex, 
opifex ; also faber, Horat. — A good a., 
artifex probus. 

Artificer, opifex, artifex; faber. 




ARTERY, arteria — The great one, aorta 

ARTICHOKE, carduus, cinara (Cynara 
Scolymus, Linn.) ; cactus {the Spanish 
a., Cynara Cardunculus, Linn.). 

ARTICLE, pars, caput, (head of a dis 
course), caput, locus — of a contract, con 
ditio, caput.— of peace, lex, conditio, ca 
put. — Articles of account, rationum 
capita or nomina. — of marriage, pactio 
nuptialis. — of a dictionary, vox, voca- 
bulum To break articles, foedus viola- 
re. IT (kind, sort, of wares), genus ; 

often well expressed by res ; as, articles of 
luxury, res ad luxuriam pertinentes. — 
These articles are in great demand, hujus 

generis raerces cupide expetuntur. 

IT (in grammar), articulus. 

ARTICULATE, explanabilis, articulatus 

— An a. voice, vox explanabilis (opposed 
to perturbata). — To pronounce words 
articulately, verba exprimere et explana- 
re. — To speak a., plane et articulate 

ARTILLERY, tormenta ; machinao belli- 
es. — 4 park of a., tormenta, apparatus 
tormentarius. — An artillery-man, ballis- 
tarius, qui est a tormentis, tormenta- 
rius. — The artillery, cohors tonne nta- 

AS (as a comparative particle), quemad- 
modum, quomodo ; ut, uti ;. sicut, sicu- 
ti ; velut, veluti ; quasi (about as, as it 
were, of the manner) ; tanquam (as 
much as, of degree) ; in modurn with 
the genit. (after the manner of), modo 
with genit. (in the same manner as), more 
with gen. (as is the way of), ritu with genit. 
(after the natural habit, as is the wont), 
loco with genit. (as holding the place of), 
vice with genii, (as being or as if a sub- 
stitute), numero and in numero with 
genit. (as forming one of a certain num- 
ber or class) ; pro (for, instead of). As 

— so, quemadmodum — eodem modo ; 
quemadmodum — sic ; ut — ita or sic ; 
velut — sic or ita (see also below). — As 
they say, ut dicunt, ferunt, aiunt ; ut di- 
citur, traditur, fertur. —As I think (be- 
lieve), ut credo ; ut opinor or opinor. — As 
it seems, ut videtur ;— or personally ; thus, 
you judge, as it seems, incorrectly (i. e. 
you seem to judge incorrectly), non recte 
judicare videris. — As it is fit, ut par 
est ; ita ut aequum est. — As I ought, pro 
eo ac debui. — / love him as my friend 
(which he really is), amo eum ut ami- 
cum ; but amo eum tanquam amicum, / 
love him as if he were my friend. — To 
obey as a slave, in modum servorum 
parere. — To be to one, be regarded by 
one as a son, filii loco esse alicui. — To 
be slaughtered as cattle, vice pecorum 
obtruncari. — To be regarded as an enemy, 
hostium numero or in numero haberi. 

— He fled to this man's house as to an al- 
tar, sicut in aram, confugit in hujus do- 
mum. — / loved him as my own, eum amavi 

pro meo. According as the abilities of 

such a man were, prout facultates homi- 

nis hujusmodi ferebant. As quickly as 

possible, quam celerrime ; as briefly as 
possible, quam brevissime. — I depart 
from life as (i. e. as if I departed) from an 
inn, ex vita discedo, tanquam ex hospi- 
tio. — As if, quasi, quasi vero (this lat- 
ter, as sometimes also the simple quasi, 
with bitterness and irony ; as if indeed, as 
if forsooth) ; tanquam, tanquam si, ac 
si, veluti, haud secus ac si, non aliter 
quam si ; all with the subj. .- — the enemy 
pursued as if the victory were already 
won, hostes insecuti, quasi parta jam 
victoria ; the men ran together, just as 
if something of the utmost importance was 
going on, tanquam summi momenti res 
ageretur, ita concurrerunt homines ; as 
if I thought that, quasi vero ego id pu- 
tem. — Not asif, non quo, non quia, 
non quoniam ; not as if not, non quin, 
non quia non ; (all with a subj. ; they have 
in the after member of the period, sed 
quod, sed quia, loith the indie, or ut 
with the subj.) — As may be also expressed 
by an adv., as, to behave as a woman, 
muliebriter se gerere.— As being, quippe; 
quippe qui, utpote qui, (with subj.); the sun 
appears to Democritus, as a man of learn- 
ing, to be of great size, sol Democrito 

magnus videtur, quippe viro erudito 

As is also not expressed in Latin; as, we 
must consider this as the greatest misfor- 

tune, hoc summum malum existiman- 
dum est. — As, equivalent to as for ex 
ample, is expressed by ut, velut (veluti). 

— If we have used tantus, talis or tot 
the word as will be expressed by the cor 
relative quantus, qualis, quot ; so tam — 
quam, so — as (also as well — as ; but sec 
Tarn in the Lex.). — Equally as, asque ac. 
atque et,ut,cum ; not equally as, non asque 
quam. — The same as, idem ac, atque, 
et, ut, cum ; not the same as, non idem 
quam ; (this must not be confounded with 
just as, though in certain connections it 
has that force). — As soon as, simul et 
ac, atque ; simul ut, simul ; ut, ut pri 
mum, quum primum ; ubi, postquam 

— For as much as, as (seeing that), quan 

doquidem, quum, quando. As to, as 

for, as touching, de, quod, quatenus, ad 
quod ad, quantum ad : as concerning my 
daughter Tullia, de Tullia mea filia: 
the forum, as to show or appearance, 
adorned magnificently, forum adorna- 
tum, ad speciem, magnifico ornatu ; as 
for what concerns that city, quod ad earn 
civitatem attinet; as for your excusing 
yourself afterwards, quod te posterius 
purges ; as to your writing that you will 
come to me, quod scribis te ad me ven- 
turum. — As to (in another sense) ; I am 
so foolish as to think (that I think), ego 
tamsumstultus, ut putem ; he is so fool- 
ish as to trust me, tam est stultus, qui 
credat, etc. ; I am not such a consul as to 
think, non sum is consul, qui arbitrer. — 
As much as I bade you, quantum impe- 
ravi ; as softly as they can, quam possunt 

molli§sime. Asrich as you are, he cares 

not a pin for you, non enim pili facit te, 
quamlibet divitem ; as if it were a hard 
matter to name them, as many as they are, 
quasi vero difficile sit, quainvis multos 
nominatim proferre ; all this, as great as 
it is, is thine, totum hoc, quantumcun- 
que est, tuum est ; as great as my pover- 
ty is, yet, quanta hasc mea paupertas est, 
tamen. — As denotes also the coexistence 
of two states or actions, and is expressed 
vamously ; e. g. by a participle, by dum, 
quum, ubi, ut ; as he flew he looked down 
upon the fields, volans despiciebat agros ; 
as I stood at the door, he came, dum ante 
ostium stabam, venit; as I was folding 
this letter, the carrier came to me, quum 
complicarem hanc epistolam, ad me ve- 
nit tabellarius ; as we were at supper, in- 
ter ccenam. 

ASCEND, ascendo, escendo (the latter im- 
plying always effort, and denoting rather 
the reaching of a place by ascent ; ascen- 
do, the mounting upwards from the 

Ascext, ascensus, ascensio. 

Superiority, Influence, Power. 

ASCERTAIN, comperio. — 1| See Certain. 

ASCRIBE, assignare; attribuere, ascribe- 
re. — a thing to any one (as the inventor 
thereof), aliquid alicui inventori ascribe- 
re. — any thing to fear, aliquid timori as- 
signare. — a misfortune to any one, alicui 
casum adversumtribuere, alicui incom- 
modum ascribere. 

ASH (tree), fraxinus. A wild ash (the 

manna ash), ornus. Made of ash, fraxi- 


To be ASHAMED, pudet (impers. ; with an 
accus. of the person who feels shame, and a 
genit. of that of which he is ashamed, or an 
infinitive) ; erubescere. — / will not now 
be ashamed to speak of it, non me hoc jam 
dicere pudebit. — I am ashamed of you, 
pudet me tui. — lam ashamed to speak, 
erubesco loqui ; not even the Ubii are 
ashamed of their extraction, ne Ubii qui- 
dem origine erubescunt. — I need not be 
ashamed, if, &c. non est res, qua eru- 
bescam, si, etc. — To be ashamedto death, 
pudore confici. — To be a little ashamed, 

ASHES, cinis (rather the dead ashes), fa- 
villa (the yet hot, gleaming, glowing ash- 
es) ; lix, gen. licis (ashes from the hearth, 
as for lye). — Full of ashes, cinerosus. 

— Of ashes, cinereus. — Looking like 
ashes, cinereus, cineraceus or cinericius. 

Ashy (in color), cinereo or cineraceo or ci- 
nericio colore, leucophoeus. — marble, 

Ash-Wednesday, dies cinerum sacro- 


ASIA, Asia (which sometimes means Asia 

Asiatic, Asianus, Asiaticus. 

ASIDE (to one side), in latus, oblique, in 
obliquum ; (apart), se in composition. 
— He looked aside proudly, visus superbos 
obliquavit. — To lead aside, aliqueui se- 
ducere. — To go aside, secedere ; de via 
secedere (make room). — To bring, get 
aside, aliquid auferre {remove, general- 
ly) ; aliquid clam removere (remove se- 
cretly, in order to hide it) ; aliquid aver- 
tere (to purloin). — Call aside, aliquem 
sevocare. — To lay or put aside, sepone- 
re aliquid ; figur. aliquid intermittere, 
omittere (the former for a time, the latter 
for good and all), aliquid deponere. 

ASK (express the wish to obtain something 
of some one), rogare, orare ; to ask a thing 
of a person, aliquem aliquid : petere 
(ask formally, demand ; demand by law) ; 
poscere, deposcere, exposcere (the first, 
to demand what another is bound to grant : 
dep. and exp. convey the further idea of 
urgency, impatience) ; postulare, expostu- 
lare (to demand what one has a right to, to 
press for ; exp. has more force); fiagitare, 
efflagitare, (to demand with urgency, impet- 
uous vehemence, especially when one seems to 
have a presumptive right thereto) : posce- 
re, postulare, fiagitare are used also of 
inanimate things, in the sense of to make 
necessary : in ai care (of the seller, who 
sets a price upon his goods ; as, horo much 
do you ask for itl quanti indicas?). — 
To ask riches of the gods, rogare deos di- 
vitias. — Being asked for auxiliaries, ro- 
gatus auxilia. — To ask one's aid, ali- 
cujus auxiliuin implorare. — He asks me 
thirty mince for her, me poscit pro ilia 
triginta minas. — He asks but right and 
reason, aequum postulat. — To ask again 
(ask back) what you have given, reposce- 
re, quod dederis. — To ask one good turn 
for another, vicem reposcere. (See al- 
so Demand.) TT To ask (inquire), in- 

terrogare, rogare aliquem, (more rarely 
de aliquo). — To ask one about something, 
aliquem aliquid (more rarely de re) ; 
sciscitari ex or ab aliquo ; quaerere, ex- 
quirere, requirere aliquid ex or ab aliquo 
(to ask closely, especially in order to arrive 
at certainty; if the connection requires 
it, they mean to ask after) ; percunc- 
tari de or ex aliquo (i. e. cuncta rimari, 
with a view togel exact and minute informa- 
tion : words proper to be used of the buy- 
er, who asks the price of goods). — To ask 
counsel or advice of any one, consulere ali- 
quem. — To ask aptly, bene interrogare. — 
captiously, captiose interrogare ; captio- 
so interrogationis genere uti. — To ask 
after (seek) one, quasrere aliquem ; if any 
body ask for me, si quis me quasret. — 
While I ask the porters if (whether) any 
ship has come, dum percunctorportitores 
ecqua navis venerit. — They ask for 
nothing, nihil requirunt. — To ask often, 
rogitare ; to ask much concerning one, ro- 
gitare super aliquo. — To ask one his 
opinion, rogare aliquem sententiam. — 
Let us ask our father, consulamus or ade- 
amus patrem. 

ASKANCE, ASKEW. — To look 
askance, limis oculis aspicere, obliquo 
oculo aliquem aspicere, transversa tu- 

ASLEEP. — To fall asleep, obdormire ; 
obdormiscere (also of a gentle death) ; 
somno opprimi. — over a thing, indor- 
mire alicui rei. — He is asleep, somno 

sopitus est, Cic. ; dormit, quiescit. 

IT (of parts of the body), to fall asleep, ob- 
torpescere, indormire, torpore hebetari. 

IT To lull asleep, aliquem sopire, 

consopire ; alicui somnum affene, pa- 
rere, conciliare. 

ASP, aspis. 

ASPECT, aspectus, visus ; species. — 
Aspects (in astrology), positus siderum, 
positura stellarum. 

ASPEN, populus tremula, Linn. — To 
tremble like an a., totum tremere et hor- 

ASPERITY, asperitas (of surface ; of 
voice ; of temper, animi). 

ASPERSE, aliquem infamia aspergere, 
alicujus existimationem violare. — To 
cast an aspersion, turpitudinis notam ali- 
cui inurere. 

ASPIRATE. — To aspirate a consonant 




consonanti aspirare or aspirationem 

Aspirate, aspiratio. 

ASPIRE to, appetere, affectare, aspirare 
ad, captare, sequi, sectari, consectari. 

Aspiration, cupiditas, appetitio, impe- 
tus ; desiderium. 

Aspirant, candidatus, petitor. 

ASQUINT (of the eyes), liinus, perver- 
sus. — To look asquint, limis or perver- 
sis oculis aspicere. 

ASS, asinus, asina. — An ass-colt, pullus 

asininus. — A wild ass, onager. in 

ass that turns a mill, asinus molaris. 

IT Asses (blockheads), asini, stupidi,in- 
sulsi, plumbei, Boeotico ingenio. 

ASSAIL, aliquein aggredi, impetum face- 
re or invadere in aliquem ; incurrere in 
aliquem, aliquem oppugnare, petere ; 
aliquem adoriri : (of disease), tentare 
aliquem : (with words), insectari ali- 
quem vehementius, invehi in aliquem 
acerbius ; dicto or convicio aliquem in- 
cessere, lacessere, insectari, consectari, 
adoriri. — one's opinion, impugnare ali- 
cujus sententiam. — his reputation, ex- 
istimationem alicujus oppugnare, incur- 
rere in alicujus famam. — To be assailed 
by a disease, tentari morbo, corripi mor- 
bo. — / am assailed by troubles on every 
side, angoribus undique premor, confi- 
cior. — To assail a thing (dispute it), rem 
in controversiam vocare. 

Assailant, oppugnator. 

ASSASSIN, sicarius ; (as a waylayer), in- 
sidiator. — To suborn an assassin against 
another, percussorem alicui subornare. 

To Assassinate, interficere aliquem (ex 
insidiis), occidere, trucidare, jugulare, 

Assassination, cffides ex insidiis facta, 
caedes. — To accuse of assassination, ac- 
cusare inter sicarios. — To hold a trial 
for assassination, quaestionem exercere 
inter sicarios. 

ASSAULT, petere ; oppugnare ; impe- 
tum facere, invadere in; aggredi. 

Assault, subst. petitio (on a single 
man) ; impetus, incursio ; impugna- 
tio, oppugnatio, (especially of a place). — 
At the first assault, primo impetu. — 
Taken by assault, expugnatus, yi cap- 

tus. IT (personal violence), vis, ma- 


ASSAY (to make trial of), tentare, experiri 
(the result of tentare) ; periclitari aliquem 
or aliquid, periculum facere alicujus or 
alicujus rei, (which imply a certain risk) ; 
conari (to undertake, attempt) '; explora- 
re. — by the taste, gustatu explorare. — 
/ have assayed my strength, tentavi quid 
possem. — To assay gold by the touch- 
stone, Lydio lapide bonitatem auri attri- 
tu deprehendere. — by fire, aurum ad 

obrussam exigere. || But see Essay, 

Prove, Try, Attempt. 

Assay, subst. tentatio (the act), tentamen 
(the state); experimentum ; periculum.— 
Assay of gold (by fire), obrussa. 

Assay-Master, monetalis or monetari- 

ASSEMBLE, v. a. cogere, congregare, 
convocare ; conducere, contraliere, (to 
draw together, troops for instance). — To 
as. the people, concionem vocare or con- 
vocare. — the senate, senatum cogere, 
convocare. — soldiers (rail them to an as- 
sembly), milites in concionem convoca- 
re ; (draw them together in one place), co- 
pias in unuin locum cogere, conducere, 

contrahere. IT To assemble, v. n. co- 

gi, se congregare, congregari, conveni- 
re, coire. — in great numbers, confluere, 

frequentes convenire in haste, convo- 

lare. — A full senate assembled, convenit 
senatus frequens. 

Assemblage (of persons), globus, etc. 

(See Assembly.) IT (of things), 

conventus, acervus, congeries, mul- 
titudo ; silva (only of immaterial 

Assembly, conventus (as meeting in an 
appointed or fixed place ; as, in a provin- 
cial city, for the purpose of attending the 
assizes) ; cretus (ichich has met to take 
common part in something) ; concio (one 
that has*been convoked to hear an address ; 
as, of the people, the army, &c.) ; circu- 
lus (a ring of people, in the street for in- 
stance, who are talking together or listen- 
ing to what some one says) ; corona (a 

number of persons surrounding an ora- 
tor) ; consessus (an assembly of persons 
seated to transact some business, as of 
judges ; or to see something, a show of 
gladiators for instance) ; concilium (an 
assembly called together to hear the opinion 
of a leading person, which they must fol- 
low) ; consilium (of persons to take coun- 
sel together for their common interests) ; 
acroasis (a literary or musical meeting, 
where one or several entertain the rest by 
reading, singing, &c). — A large assem- 
bly, frequentia ; also celeber conventus, 
celebritas, so far as a place is visited by 
many persons, great concourse. — To call 
an assembly, concionem vocare, advoca- 
re, convocare. — To call one to an as., 
aliquem ad concilium vocare. — To hold 
an as., concilium, concionem habere ; to 
dismiss it, dimittere. 

ASSENT, consentire alicui rei or ad ali- 
quid (as, ad indutias) ; (to assent to a 
mail's proposition), assentire or assentiri 
alicui, ut, etc. ; annuere (to grant a re- 
quest) ; assensusuo comprobare aliquid ; 
astipulari alicui ; suffragari. — to an 
opinion, sententiae assentiri ; sententiam 
accipere. — / assent loholly to your opin- 
ion, valde tibi assentior. — / cannot 
assent to them, who, &c, non libet ab 
illis stare, qui, etc. — To assent (after 
much opposition), cedere, vinci, expug- 

Assent, astipulatio, astipulatus, assensio, 
assensus; voluntas. — With the entire 
assent of Catulus, summl Catuli volun- 
tate. — Without your assent, te adver- 
sante, renuente, nolente. — With one as- 
sent, concorditer, uno ore. 

ASSERT (maintain), defendere, defensa- 
re, tueri, tutari ; propugnare pro aliqua 

re ; vindicare. IT (to claim), vindi- 

care sibi or ad se. TT (to afiirm), 

asseverare, amrmare, ctmfirmare, aio. 

Assertion, defensio, propugnatio, vindi- 

catio. 1T (claim), vindicatio ; vindi- 

ciae, lis vindiciarum 1] (affirmation), 

asseveratio ; sententia, decretum, dog- 
ma, placitum. 

Assertor, tutor, defensor, propugnator ; 
conservator, vindex. 

ASSESS, stipendium imponere, pecunias 
imperare, argentum in stipendium im- 
ponere ; vectigal or tributum impone- 
re alicui or alicui rei ; tributum indice- 

Assessment, stipendium, pecunias impe- 
ratae, tributum, indictio. — To collect an 
assessment, pecunias imperatas exigere. 

Assessor (that sits by another), consessor, 
assessor ; synedros (in a college ; among 

the Greeks). IT (a layer of taxes), 

qui stipendia or tributa indicit. 

ASSEVERATION, asseveratio. 

ASSIDUOUS, assiduus, sedulus, indus- 
trius, diligens. 

Assiduously, assidue, sedulo, naviter, 

Assiduity, assiduitas, sedulitas, indus- 

ASSIGN, assignare, attribuere ; desig- 
nare, praefinire, statuere, constitue- 
re. — lands to any one, assignare alicui 
agros. — to every one his office, suum 
cuique munus describere. — To assign 
or appoint a day, place, time, &c, desig- 
nare, praefinire diem; constituere, pras- 
stituere, dicere, diem, locum, tempus. — 
An annual pension was assigned him, an- 
nua pecunia huic decreta est. — To 
assign a man as guardian to another, tu- 
torem aliquem alicui constituere (of the 
magistrate) ; testamento instituere ali- 
cuf aliquem tutorem (of a testator, by 

' his will). 

Assignment, assignatio, designatio. 

Assignation. — To make an assignation, 
condicere tempus et locum. 

ASSIST, aliquem juvare, adjuvare, ali- 
cui operam suamcoinmodare ad aliquid, 
alicui operam praebere in aliqua re ; 
auxilio esse, auxiiium ferre, auxiliari ; 
opitulari (bring assistance) ; subvenire, 
succurrere, (come, run to one's assistance); 
adesse alicui (to support by advice and 
action, especially in court) ; alicui prasto 
adesse. — To render mutual assistance to 
each other, tradere mutuas operas. — To 
assist one in looking for something, alicui 
opitulari in aliqua re qucerenda. — To 
assist at a sacrifice or other divine service, 


rebus divinis interesse. — To assist one 
as judge, adesse alicui in consilio. 

Assistance, auxilii latio (the act) ; opis, 
opera, auxiiium, adjumentum, subsidi- 
um ; (in court), patrocinium. — To ren- 
der assistance (see To Assist, Help) 

By my assistance, a me adjutus, me ad- 
juvante, me adjutore, opera mea.. — 

Without assistance, sua. sponte, per se. 

To need assistance, inopem esse, indi- 
gere opis ; inopem auxilii esse. 

Assistant, adjutor, adjutrix, socius ; so- 
da ; hypodidascalus (assistant teacher) ; 
minister, administer (especially in a bad 
sense, abettor, accomplice). 

ASSIZES, conventus. — To hold the 
assizes, conventum agere. See Circuit. 

ASSOCIATE, v. jungere, conjungere, so- 
ciare, consociare, adjungere. — one's 
self with another, societatem inire, coire, 

facere cum aliquo another with one's 

self, aliquem sibi socium adjungere. — 
To be associated with one, alicujus socium 
esse. — To associate as a citizen, ascisce- 
re in numerum civium ; as a confede- 
rate, ad foedus asciscere ; as a member 
of a company, in societatem assumere ; 
as a friend, in amicitiam recipere, acci- 
pere ; ad amicitiam ascribere ; amicum 

sibi adjungere. IT To associate with, 

aliquo uti, habere aliquem in usu, est 
mihi consuetudo cum aliquo, aliquo 
multum uti. 

Associate (a partner, fellow-member), so- 
cius (generally) ; socius qui se in nego- 
tio conjunxit, re et ratione conjunctus, 
(partner in trade) ; collega (colleague). 
IT (confederate), fcedere junctus, so- 
cius. IT (companion, friend), asqua- 

lis, sodalis, socius ; condiscipulus 
(school-fellow) ; (accomplice), socius ; 
conscius (privy to a thing). 

Association (union, conjunction, connec- 
tion), junctio, conjunctio, colligatio, co- 
pulatio, consociatio. IT (partner- 
ship), societas. IT (confederation, 

confederacy), societas, concilium. 

IT (fraternity), societas, sodalitas, cor- 

ASSORT, in genera digerere. 

Assortment, res in genera digestas ; co- 

ASSUAGE, levare, allevare, mitigare, se- 
dare, placare, lenire, mulcere, pacare, 
compescere, mollire. — To assuage 
thirst, sitim levare, relevare. — The fe- 
ver is assuaged, febris conquiescit. — 
That the fierceness of the king may be 
somewhat assuaged, ut impetus regis re- 
languescat. — The sorrow begins to 
assuage, relaxat dolor, Cic. 

ASSUME (take, adopt), sumere, asciscere, 
induere. — the regal title, regium nomen 
sumere ; regis nomen sibi asciscere 
(especially if unrightfully). — an entirely 
new character, novum sibi induere inge- 
nium. — a mournful countenance, vulturn 
ad tristitiam adducere. — a severe ex- 
pression, severum vultum induere, vul- 
turn adducere. — an angry look, frontem 
contrahere. IT (appropriate, arro- 
gate), arrogare or asserere sibi. 

it (take for granted), ponere, fingere, 
facere. — This being assumed and grant- 
ed, hoc posito et cohcesso. 

Assuming, particip. of Assume. ITSame 

as Arrogant. 

Assumed, particip. of Assume. • IT Same 

as Feigned, Affected, Artificial. 

ASSURE, tutum reddere, facere, praesta- 
re ; in tuto collocare : (to insure), cave- 
re de or pro re, damnum praestare. 

IT Assure one (make him secure or confi- 
dent), aliquem securum reddere, confir- 
mare aliquem. — J assure you, tibi con- 
firmo, omni asseveratione afhrmo. — 
Be assured, persuadeas tibi, persuasum 
tibi sit, crede mihi (or usually mihi cre- 
de). — You may be assured that I, &c. 
illud cave dubites, quin ego, etc. — lam 
assured of his fidelity, ejus fides mihi 
cognita est, eum fidelem habeo. — To 
assure the soldiers (give them courage), 
milites confirmare. 

Assurance, fiducia, spes firma, spes certa; 
fides (belief in another' sf ion or). — Fullas- 
surance (confidence), firma animi confi- 
sio. — To have a., fiduciam habere ; 
fidere ; confidere. — With a., fidenter, 
fidenti animo : confidenter ; asseveran- 




ter.- IT fidentia, confidentia j os fer- 

reum. IT (certainty). — To have as- 
surance, certum, exploratum, comper- 
tum habere. — / have full assurance, 
mihi exploratissimum or persuasissi- 
mum est. — To give one assurance of a 
thing-, aliquem certiorem facere de re. 

IT (security), cautio, satisdatio. — 

To send a bill of his hand for assurance, 
mittere cautionem chirographi. — To 
give assurance, satis dare. IT (in- 
surance), cautio de re, fides de damno 
pensando interposita. 

Assuredly, certe ; certo; sine dubio, haud 

ASTHMA, spiritus angustior, angustia 
spiritus, dyspnosa, asthma. 

Asthmatic, spiritus angustioris, dyspno- 
icus, asthmaticus. 

ASTONISH, stupefacio, obstupefacio, in 
stuporem dare, in perturbationem con- 
jicere ; consterno, perterreo ; percutio ; 
alicui admirationem injicere. — To be 
(become) astonished, obstupescere, stupe- 
fied, obstupefieri ; consternari, etc. — 
Astonished, attonitus (thunder-struck), 
percussus, stupens, obstupefactus, exa- 
nimatus, percitus ; admirans, admira- 
' tus. — / am astonished, stupeo, ani- 
mum meum stupor tenet ; miror. — Ex- 
ceeding sorrow has made me astonished, 
dolor nimius mihi sensus excussit. — He 
is so astonished that he cannot speak, vox 
spiritusque torpet. — They weremuch as- 
tonished, animi obtorpuerunt. — A still 
sorrow so astonished all their minds, tacita 
mcestitia ita defixit omnium animos. 

— Astonished with the strangeness of 
the thing, percussus rei novitate. 

Astonishing, stupendus, admirabilis, mi- 
rus ; ingens, immanis. 

Astonishingly, stupendum in modum ; 
mirum in modum, mire, mirifice. 

Astonishment, stupor, admiratio. 

ASTRAY — To go astray, errare (also 
Jigur.); vagari et errare, deerrare in iti- 
nere, deflectere a via. — To lead astray, 
a recta via abducere (prop.) ; inducere 
aliquem in errorem, transversum agere 
aliquem, (figur.). 

ASTRINGENT, quod vim astringendi 

ASTROLOGY, astrologia, ratio sideralis, 
scientia sideralis ; rationes Chaldaicai ; 

Astrologer, astrologus, mathematicus ; 

ASTRONOMY, cceli dimetiendi ratio, 

Astronomical, ad sideralem rationem 
spectans or pertinens. 

Astronomer, cceli ac siderum peritus, 

ASUNDER is expressed by dis in composi- 
tion. Thus, to break asunder, frangere, 
diffringere. — Strike asunder, discutere. 

— Burst asunder, disjicere, dirumpere. 

IT See also English compounds in Di 

or Dis. 

ASYLUM (public place of refuge, sanctua- 
ry), asylum. — To open an a., asylum 
aperire. — Flee to an a., in asylum con- 

fugere. 1T (any refuge), perfugium, 

refugium (retired, concealed), receptus, 
receptaculum, portus (prop, harbor; fig. 
safe refuge). 

AT is not always expressed separately, but 
is often a part of the meaning of some 
simple or compound word, or lies in a 
grammatical accident (for instance the a,b- 
lat. case) or construction (e. g. the abla- 
tive absolute). Examples will be found 

At, of place, answering the question 
Where'} In what! in; also ad, apud. 
But when the question is answered by the 
name of a town, we use the genit. if it be 
of the first or second declension and sing, 
number, the ablat. if it be of the third decl. 
or plur. number ; this construction is ex- 
tended also to domus and rus. — Exam- 
ples : at school, in schola ; at the forum, 
apud forum ; at my house, domi apud 
me, domi meae, in domo mea ; at home, 
domi ; to live at a country-seat (or in the 
country), vivere ruri or also rure ; ora- 
cles are delivered at Delphi, oracula Del- 
phis redduntur ; letters dated at Rome, 
liters Romse data ; he died at Lacedm- 
mon, Lacednemone mortuus est. (The 
names of small islands are often construed 

like names of towns, but the larger ones are 
considered as countries, and their names 
require a preposition. Domus takes a prep 
osition when joined with any adj. but me 
us, tuus, suus, noster, vester, alienus 
or when the genit. of the owner's name is 
added.) — Further, you were that night at 
Lecca's house, fuisti apud Leccam ea 
nocte; at the very threshold, in limine 
primo ; memory lies at the bottom of the 
ear, est in aure ima memoriae locus. — 

To be at sea, mari navigare. 1T Also 

of place, in the sense of near, close by, ad, 
apud, juxta, propter, all of which re- 
quire also a verb or participle expressive 
of the action ; as, the battle at Cannae, 
pugna ad Cannas commissa ; the bridge 
at Geneva, pons, qui erat ad Genevam ; 
three hundred and six were slain at Cre- 
mera, ca;si apud Cremeram trecenti et 
sex 5 they place guards at the gales, cus- 
todes ad portas ponunt ; you see guards 
at all the temples, praesidia pro templis 
omnibus cernitis. — To be at hand, sub 
manibus esse (of persons), ad manum or 
pra manibus esse (of things), ad manum 
or prae manu esse (of money, for in- 
stance) ; praesto esse, fn promptu esse. 

it the right hand, ad dextram, ad si- 

nistram ; at the right and left, dextra las- 
Vaque. — A cask" pierced at the bottom, 
dolium a fundo pertusum. — At therear, 

a tergo. IT At, equivalent to From, 

a, ab. — To begin at something, ordiri, 
initium ducere a re; J will begin at 
Romulus, incipiam a Romulo ; I heard 
all these things at the door, omnia' ego 
isthaec auscultavi ab ostio. 
At, expressive of a state or employment. — 
He found him just at work, virum in ipso 
opere deprehendit. — They are at odds, 
inter se dissident. — To be at a loss, in 
dubio esse. — To be at a stand, habere 

— A thing is at stake, aliqua res agitur 
as if their honor lay at stake, quasi suus 
honos agatur. — To be at, leisure, otiari 
otiosum esse, otium alicui est ; vacare, 
vacuum esse ; if you are at leisure, si va 
cas, si vacat. — To be at pains and ex 
pense, impendere laborem et sumptum 

— To be at play, ludere. IT At, of 

manner. It will, ad libidinem, ex li- 

bidine, ut libido fert, ut libet ; at my will, 
ad arbitrium nostrum libidinemque, meo 
arbitratu. — At heart (heartily), ex ani- 
mo it a venture, in,incertum, temere. 

At, of price, rate, worth, is expressed 
by the abl. ; also by the genit. ; as, to 
sell grain at the price of two sesterces, 
frumentum vendere binis sestertiis ; 
what do you set it at 7 quanti indicas ? 
they were provided at a small charge, par- 
vo curata sunt ; he lives at great expense, 
profusis sumptibus vivit. ° (When the 
price is definitely given, only the abl. can 
be used.) 

At, as used of time, sub (with the accus. 
in the sense of towards ; with the ablat. 
of at the moment of) ; ad (immediately be- 
fore) ; de (marking the commencement) ; 
in, per, inter, (to denote continuance, du- 
ration ; the last two principally to show 
that something happens during something 
else) : In answer to the question When ? 
At what time ? we find also the mere ablat..- 
this is especially the case with substan- 
tives which denote that after which a thing 
has happened ; as, at one's departure, dis- 
cessu alicujus. — At table, at supper, 
inter coenam. — At sunset, solis occasu. 

— At (the moment of) sunrise, sub luce ; 
at (i. e.just before) sunrise, sub lucem. — 
At sunrise, sole oriente. — At night, 
noctu or nocte, nocturno tempore ; sub 
noctem (towards night) ; sub nocte (at 
the moment when night set in) ; per noc- 
tem, inter noctem, (the night through ; 
during the night). — At early morn, mul- 
to mane. — At that time, eo tempore, 
also id temporis ; also tunc, tunc tem- 
poris ; turn. — At the right time, in 
tempore, also tempore ; opportune. — 
At an early time, mature. — Cum is some- 
times used to express at, where we also use 
with ; he came at the first appearance of 
light, cum prima luce venit ; he went 
away at break of day, cum diluculoabiit. 

— At also refers to an appointed time or a 
time in view, and is rendered by ad ; come 
at. that time, venias ad idtempus ; he did 
not brina- the corn at the time appointed, 


frumentum ad diem non dedit. 

IT At, i. e. immediately upon, ad. — 
At the name of Thisbe he looked up, ad 
nomen Tliisbes oculos erexit. — At 
these things the soldiers raised a shout, ad 

haec reddebatur militum clamor. 

IT At, i. e. by, by reason of, in consequence 
of. — Moved at his approach, ejus adven- 

tu commoti. it your entreaty I will do 

it, tuis precibus motus faciam (moved by 
your entreaties). — At the name of Hector 
I always turn pale, nomine in Hectoreo 
pallida semper sum. IT At, i. e. ac- 
cording to, in consequence of. — At the 
command of Jove I come, jussu Jovis ve- 
nio. — At your advice, tua auctoritate. 

— At my instance, impulsU meo. 

IT At, with words in -ing, sometimes by the 
abl. absol. — At my bidding, me jubente. 

— At his first coming, ubi primum adve- 
nit. it hearing this, hac re audita. 

At, after words implying skill. — Excellent 
at the harp, peritissimus lyres. — Good at 
shooting, peritus jaculandi. — Good at a 
dart, jaculo bonus. 

At, in some other phrases. — At all 
(see All). — At best, summum, ad sum- 
mum, quum plurimum. — To be at 
its best, maxime florere. it least, mi- 
nimum ; certe, quidem, saltern, tamen. 

— At most, summum, ad summum. — 
At last, postremo, postremum, ad extre- 
mum, ad ultimum ; (atlength), tandem, 
demum. — At once (together), simul ; 
all at once, omnes simul, omnes univer- 
si. — At once (suddenly), subito. — At 
once (forthwith), statim, e vestigio. — 
At that place, illic, ibi. — At my expense, 
de meo ; at the public expense, de publi- 
co, publice. — At first dash, in limine. 

— If at any time, siquando. — To be at 
the head of the class, classem ducere. — 
Hard to be come at, aditu difncilis. — He 
is angry at you, tibi succenset. — To 
come at (get), assequi. — Wliat would he 
be atl quidsibi vult? 

ATHEIST, atheus, qui nullum esse om- 
nino deum putat, qui deum esse negat. 

ATHLETE, athleta. 

Athletic, athleticus. IT (strong), va- 

lens, validus, firmus, lacertosus. 

ATLANTIC, Atlanticus. 

ATLAS, chartarum or tabularum geogra- 
phicarum volumen. 

ATMOSPHERE, aer; ccelum, coeli regio, 
(in respect of climate). 

ATOM, atomus ; as Cic. explains it, cor- 
pus individuum, corpus solidum et in- 
dividual ; as Quintil., corpus insecabile. 

— Mostly in the plur. 

ATONE (reconcile), placare aliquem ali- 
cui or in aliquem ; aliquem cum aliquo, 
aliquem or alicujus animum alicui re- 

conciliare. IT (agree), v. n. inter 

se consentire, concinere ; concordare. 
IT (atone for), expio ; compenso. 

Atonement (agreement), reconciliatio 
concordiae or gratiae ; gratia reconciliata, 
reditus in gratiam ; concordia. — To 
make atonement between friends, in con- 
cordiam reducere, in gratiam reconcilia- 
re ; aversos componere amicos. — itone- 

ment made, reconciliata gratia. itone- 

ment badly made holds not long, gratia ma- 
le sarta nequicquam coit. IT (expia- 
tion, satisfaction), expiatio (with genit. of 
the thing atoned for), satisfactio ; piacu- 
lum (atoning sacrifice). 

ATROCIOUS, detestandus, nefarius, ne- 
fandus, immanis. 

Atrocity, immanitas. itrocities, nefa- 


ATTACH (arrest), comprehendere, pre- 

hendere ; (property), bona occupare. 

IT (to win), conciliare. — hearts, animos 
sibi conciliare. — to himself, aliquem in 
suas partes ducere or trahere (to his par- 
ty) ; aliquem ad studium suum perdu- 
cere (make devoted to him) ; alicujus gra- 
tiam consequi (gain his good will and fa- 
vor).— To attach one to his cause, ah - 
quem ad causam suam perducere. — To 
be attached to one, alicujus partibus fave- 
re (favor his party) ; favere alicui, bene 
cupere or velle alicui. — I am wholly at- 
tached to him, totum me tenet. — lam 
attached to one (I love him), aliquis mini 
carus, gratus, gratus acceptusque est ; 
aliquem carum habeo, amo, diligo ; ali- 
quis mihi in deliciis est. — To become at- 
tached to a woman, aliquam adamare, 




amare ccepisse. — He is more attached to 
life than glory, illi major vitae quam gloriae 
cupido est. 

Attachment (arrest), comprehension 

IT (adherence, fidelity, regard, love), studi- 
um alicujus, voluntas in aliquem (with 
or without propensa) ; amor, caritas, 
pietas ; observantia. 

ATTAIN, contingere, adipisci, consequi, 
assequi, pervenire ad, potiri. — You can- 
not attain to this knowledge, hue tibi adi- 
tus patere non potest. — Easy ways to 
attain promotion, aditus ad honores ca- 
pessendos prompti. 

Attainable, quod adipisci queas, quod 
obtineri potest ; impetrabilis (by entrea- 

Attainment, adeptio ; consecutio (first 

in Tertull.) ; impetratio. ^Of great 

attainments, doctus, doctrine instruc- 
tus, eruditus. 

ATTACK, v. aliquem adoriri, aggredi, 
in hostem irruere, in aliquem invadere 
or impetum facere, aliquem oppugnare, 
petere. — a toion, urbem oppugnare, im- 
pugnare. — To be attacked by a disease, 
morbo tentari, morbo corripi. IT (im- 
pugn), dicto or convicio incessere, la- 
cessere, insectari, consectari, adoriri 
aliquem ; aliquem pungere ; aliquid op- 
pugnare, in controversiam vocare. — 
one's opinion, impugnare alicujus sen- 
tentiam. || Compare Assail. 

Attack, subst. petitio (upon an individu- 
al.) ; impetus, incursio, incursus ; ex- 
cursio (of light troops) ; impugnatio, op- 
pugnatio, (especially of the storming of a 
place; opp. also of an attack in words). 

— Jit the first attack, primo impetu. 

TT(o/a distemper), impetus, incursus ; 

accessio, tentatio, (with morbi, febris, of 

a malady, fever). 1 slight attack, com- 

motiuncula, levis motiuncula. 

ATTEMPT, tentare, aggredi, conari, mo- 
liri. — To attempt boldly, audere. — To 
attempt one (attempt to corrupt him), pe- 
cunii sollicitare or oppugnare aliquem, 
alicujus animum donis tentare ; ali- 
quem attentare. — To attempt the town, 
urbem attentare. — To attempt earnestly, 
eniti,conniti, vires impendere or inten- 
dere. — To attempt to raise hatred against 
one, struere odium in aliquem.. 

Attempt, subst. petitio (on a single oppo- 
nent), impetus, oppugnatio ; conatus, 
inceptum ; tentamen ; nisus. — A bold 
attempt, ausum. 

ATTEND (be attentive ; see Attentive) : 

(apply to), operam dare alicui rei. 

IT (administer), curare, administrare ; 

procurare ; interesse. IT (wait on), 

deducere, prosequi, comitari, (accompa- 
ny) ; famulari alicui (be his servant) ; 
ministrare alicui (at table) ; apparere (on 
a public character). — a sick man, aegro- 
tum curare. IT (be present), adesse. 

— one's instructions, audire aliquem. 

IT (be in store for), aliquem (or -cui) 

manere ; alicui imminere (hang over). 

IT / attend your pleasure, exspecto 

quid velis. 

Attendance (waiting on), ministerium ; 
(as a mark of respect), salutatio, officium. 
- — IT A numerous attendance, frequen- 

tia IT (a train), comitatus, comites ; 

cohors, asseclee, (suite, retinue) ; delecti 
(chosen friends, soldiers, &c.) ; stipatio, 
stipatores corporis, (for safety). 

Attendant, adj. alicui rei subjectus, ad- 

Attendant, subst. famulus ; minister, 
ministrator, (for single, fixed ofiices) ; ap- 
paritor, stator, (on a magistrate). 

Attention, attentio animi, intentio ; au 
dientia (to a speaker) ; diligentia, ani 
madversio, (care, zeal) ; studium, offici 
urn, officium et cultus, (attentive, oblig 
ing conduct). — To direct the attentionto 
something, animum attendere, advertere 
ad aliquid ; animum intendere in (rare- 
ly ad) aliquid ; cogitationem intendere 
ad rem. — To attract attention, converte- 
re aliquem or alicujus animum in or ad 
se ; conspicuum esse, conspici. — To 
procure attention, auditores sibi attentos 

Attentive, attentus, intentus, erectus. 
— To be attentive, animum advertere, 
attendere, intendere, se alicui attentum 
auditorem prasbere, animo or animis ad- 

Attentively, attente, acri et attento 

ATTEST (bear witness), testari, attestari, 
testificari, testimonio confirmare ; tes- 
timonio esse 5 testem esse ; testari, testi- 

ficare, affirmare. IT (call to witness), 

aliquem testari, contestari. 

Attest, snbst. testis. 

Attestation, testificatio ; testimonium. 

ATTIC, Atticus. 

Attic, subst. ccenaculum super aedes, cce- 
naculum superius, also merely ccenacu- 
lum. — To live in the attic, in superiore 
habitare ccenaculo ; tribus scalis habita- 
re, Martial. 

ATTIRE, v. a. ornare ; induere vestem 
alicui or aliquem veste. 

Attire, subst. vestitus, amictus, cultus, 
ornatus. — of the head, ornatus or orna- 
mentum capitis. 

ATTITUDE, habitus, status. 

ATTORNEY, advocatus, actor, patro- 
nus causae ; cognitor ; procurator ; 

syndicus. Attorney- general, publicus 

causarum actor. — King's attorney, cog- 
nitor regius. 

ATTRACT, attrahere, ad or in se trahere. 

— The magnet attracts iron, magnes la- 
pis attrahit or ad se allicit et trahit fer- 
rum. — To attract moisture, humorem 

trahere or recipere. IT Fig. (to have 

an attractive power, allure, interest), alli- 
cere, ad se allicere orillicere, ad se tra- 
here or attrahere. — the reader by the en- 
tertainment afforded, lectorem delectatio- 
ne allicere. — by one's allurements, ille- 
cebris ad se trahere. — one's notice, ali- 
cujus oculos in se convertere. 

Attraction (charm, grace), dulcedo, ve- 
nustas, gratia; amoenitas (especially of 
places). — Seductive attractions, lenoci- 
nia. — Glory has attractions for us all, 

omnes laudis amore trahimur. ■ 

|| See Charm. 

Attractive (having the power of drawing). 

— An attractive power or force, vis attra- 

hendi. IT (taking, interesting), quod 

ad se attrahit or illicit, quod nos capit 

or delectat or delectatione allicit. 6.11 

attractive man, homo blandus. — writer, 
lectorem tenens scriptor. — style, spe- 
ciosum dicendi genus. 

ATTRIBUTE (impute), ascribere, tri- 
buere, attribuere, assignare. — To at- 
tribute the invention of a thing to a per- 
son, aliquid alicui inventori ascribere. 

— To attribute his vices to old age, vitia 
sua in senectutem conferre. — To at- 
tribute many things to one which he never 
spake, permulta in aliquem quae ab eo 
nunquam dicta sunt conferre. — To 
attribute falsely to one, affingere aliquid 
alicui. — To attribute to fear, aliquid 
timori assignare. 

Attribute, subst. (predicate), attributio, 
res attributa, attributum. IT (proper- 
ty), proprietas ; sometimes by esse, with a 
genit. : (mark, indication), signum, indi- 

AUCTION, auctio; sectio (of confiscated 
goods or booty) ; hasta publica, hasta 
censoria, (the former denotes a public auc- 
tion, because a spear teas set up at theplace 
of it, esp. same as sectio ; the latter is used 
of the sale of taxes, tolls, &.C.). — To sell 
by auction, auctione constitute, vendere 
aliquid. — by public authority, hasta po- 
sita, vendere aliquid. — To be sold in this 
way, sub hasta vendi or venire. — Of 
or belonging to a., auctionarius. — An 
auction-room, atrium auctionarium. 

Auctioneer, curator auctionum . (that 
manages them) ; praco (the one that sells 
by auction ; he is said praedicare). 

AUDACIOUS, audax, audacissimus, con 
fidens, impudens. 

Audaciously, audacter, confidenter, im- 

Audacity, audacia, confidentia, impu- 

AUDIBLE, quod audiri, auribus percipi 
potest. — To be a., audiri posse. 

AUDIENCE (act of hearing), auditio. 

IT (a hearing), audientia. — To find au- 
dience, audiri. — To give audience, audi- 
re aliquem ; aures praebere alicui or ali 
cui rei. — IT (an auditory), auditores 
qui audiunt, coram quibus dicimus, co- 
rona, auditorium, concio. — A numerous 
a., frequentia eorum, qui nos audiunt. 
— ^(reception of an ambassador, &c), ad 

missio (of him who grants it), aditus (of 
him who obtains it), colloquium (in refer- 
ence to the conversation thereat). — To 
give one an audience, admission em or 
aditum alicui dare ; ad colloquium ali- 
quem admittere ; aliquem admittere or 
audire. — To give an audience of the sen- 
ate (to ambassadors, &c), senatum da- 
re. — To be admitted to an audience, adi- 
tum obtinere, admitti, audiri, datur 
alicui aditus convenient. — Apartment 
or hall of audience, salutatorium cubile, 
porticus in qua admissiones fiunt. 
AUDIT, ad calculos vocare, rationes ex- 

AUDITOR (a hearer), auditor, is qui au- 
dit. 1T (taker of accounts), rationari- 

us, tabularius, calculator ; qui rationes 

AUDITORY (theplace), auditorium 

IT (the hearers). See Audience. 
AUGER (wimble), terebra major. 
AUGMENT, augeo, adaugeo. — To aug- 
ment an estate, rem familiarem amplifi- 

care. 1T v. n. incrementum capere, 

augeri, crescere. 
Augmentation, amplificatio, accessio, in- 
crementum ; also by using the verbs. 
AUGHT. See Ought. 
AUGUR, augur. 
Augury, An Augury, augurium. 

AUGUST, a. augustus, altus. IT subst. 

(mensis) Augustus ; (mensis) Sextilis 
(under the republic). 
AUNT (father's sister), amita ; (mother's 

sister), matertera. 
AURICLE, auricula ; (of the heart, cordis.) 
AURICULAR confession, peccata sacer- 

doti in aurem dicta. 
AUSPICE, auspicium. — To take the aus- 
pices, auspicare, auspicari. — With fa- 
vorable auspices, bonis auspiciis ; fig. au- 

spicato. IT Under the auspices of any 

one, alicujus ductu et auspicio ; aliquo 
duce, aliquo auctore. 

Auspicate (foreshow), portendere. 

IT (begin), auspicari. 
Auspicious, auspicatus ; felix, faustus. 
IT (propitious), propitius, favens ali- 
cui, benevolus alicui or in aliquem, 
amicus alicui. — gales, faventes venti ; 
Auspiciously, auspicato, bonis or optimis 

auspiciis, feliciter. 
AUSTERE, durus, asper, severus, auste- 

rus ; saevus, crudelis. IT (in taste), 

austerus, asper. 
Austerely, austere, austero more, seve- 
re, aspere. — He behaved austerely to 
others, aliis duriorem se prasbuit. 
Austerity, asperitas, duritia, severitas, 

AUTHENTIC, fide dignus, certus, verus. 
Authentically, certo auctore, cum auc- 

Authenticity, fides, fides veritatis, auc- 

AUTHOR, auctor (the author, so far as the 
idea and plan are his, whether he carries 
them out or not), parens (so far as the thing 
is his production), inventor (so far as he is 
the inventor), conditor (if he has laid out, 
founded, arranged), effector (if he has 
himself executed the thing), princeps (the 
head, of a conspiracy for instance), moli- 
tor (who endeavors to set at work or actu- 
ally sets at xoork something, especially a 
difficult thing), instimulalor and concita- 
tor (the stirrer up, instigator, e. g. to an 
insurrection or a war). — The author of 
the world, procreator mundi ; effector 
mundi molitorque. — of a law, legis in- 
ventor (the originator thereof ) ; legis auc- 
tor (who brings it into notice, recommends 
it, procures its passage by his recommenda- 
tion and influence) ; Jegis lator (10I10 pro- 
poses it to the people). — of a crime, scele- 
ris auctor, architectus, molitor. — of all 
evils, omnium malorum seminator. — 
To regard one as the au. of something, pu- 

tare, ortum esse aliquid ab aliquot 

IT (writer), scriptor (writer as such) ; auc- 
tor (as a voucher or authority, or as a lit- 
erary contributor, or a model of style ; 
hence always with a genit. of the object, 
tmless this is supplied from the connec- 
tion). — The Latin authors, scriptores 
Romani (the Romans, icho have written) ; 
rerum Romanarum auctores (those who 
are regarded as the sources of information 
I respecting the Roman history or affairs) 




Latinitatis auctores (those who may be 
looked upon as models of Latlnity .• - 
poor (Latin) author, malus Latinitatis 

auctov (in respect of style). Author of 

repute, scriptor or auctor classicus, pro 
batus, receptus. 
Authority (rule, power), auctoritas (legal 
power), potestas, imperium (sovereignty, 
legator not), ditio, jus; (influence, cred- 
it, power), auctoritas, potentia, opes, am- 
plitudo, gratia; (testimony, proof '), testi- 
monium, documentum ; (a person who 
is one's voucher), auctor, testis; (au- 
thorities, documents, records), auctorita- 
tes ; (public authorities), magistratus 
(sing, of one, plur. of the magistrates col- 
lectively) ; (credibility, weight), auctori- 
tas, fides; (leave), concessus (only in ab- 
lat.), permissio, permissus (only abl.), 
potestas, copia. — He is advanced to the 
highest authority, rerum fastigium tenet. 

— Let us rule with equal authority, pari- 
bus auspiciis regamus. — He does it icith 
his own authority, suo jure agit. — Mili- 
tary authority, imperium. — despotic, po- 
testas infinita, dominatio. — To be in 
greater authority, preepollere. — In time of 
war, laws are of no authority, silent inter 
anna leges. — There is authority in, resi- 
det auctoritas. — Authority of reason, do- 
minatio rationis. — To have authority 
with one, habere pondus apud aliquem 
(of a recommendation, for instance).— 
Worthy of authority over all things, 
dignus potestate dominatuque om- 
nium rerum. — He has sovereign au- 
thority here, ille hie regnum possidet. 

— They had great authority in the state, in 
republica plurimum pollebant. — By 
what authority 1 quo jure? — Of high 
authority, auctoritate praeditus. — An 
author of authority, auctor gravis, idone- 
us, luculentus. 

Authoritative, qui habet jus or potesta- 
tem aliquid faciendi ; auctoritate prae- 
ditus ; gravis: — imperiosus, super- 

Authorize (give authority), jus, potesta- 
tem aliquid faciendi dare. — To be au- 
thorized, jus, potestatem, or jus potesta- 
temque habere, (to do something, aliquid 
faciendi) ; also facere aliquid possum. 

— / am authorized to do this, hoec res ad 
meum officium pertinet. — The law au- 
thorizes a refusal, lex repulsiE auctorita- 
tem adjungit. — Their speeches authorize 
me to hope, eorum sermonibus adducor, 
ut sperem. — To think himself authoriz- 
ed, sibi jus datum or potestatem datam 
putare ; not authorized, non fas esse du- 
cere, hand licitum sibi aliquid puta- 
re. — An authorized judge, judex da- 

tus ; judex idoneus or locuples. 

If (sanction), sancire, ratum facere or 
efficere, ratum esse jubere ; alicujus 

rei auctorem fieri (of the senate). 

IT (to bring into credit), auctoritatem, 
fidem alicui rei parare, conciliare. 

AUTOCRASY, dominatus unius, domi- 
natio, dominatus, imperium singulare, 
potentia singularis ; tyrannis (usurped 
dominion over a once free state). 

AUTOGRAPH, chirographum, idiogra- 
phus liber, autographum. 

AUTOMATON, automaton. — Automata, 
automataria (sc. opera). 

AUTUMN, auctumnus, tempus auctum- 
nale. — To verge to autumn (of sum- 
mer), auctumnescere. 

Autumnal, auctumnalis; or by the genit. 

AUXILIARY, adj. auxiliaris, auxiliari- 

An Auxiliary, adjutor (fern, adjutrix), 
auxiliator. — Auxiliaries, auxilia, auxi- 
Jiares, auxiliarii milites. — Cohort of 
auxiliaries, cohors auxiliaria or auxilia- 

AVAIL, utilem esse, usui esse, ex usu 
esse ; prodesse, conducere ; valere, effi- 
cacem esse. — You will avail nothing, ni- 
hil proficies. — It is of no avail to know, 
nihil refert scire.— Patience is of no 
avail, nihil proficitur patienti&. — >Tis 
of no avail, nihil prodest. — Wliat did it 
avail? quid retuMt?— They hoped itwould 
avail them much, sperabant e re su& 
maxime fore. 

Available, valens, efficax, utilis, condu 

AVARICE, habendi cupiditas or cupido 
(gen. ,• desire of having) ; avaritia ; pe- 
cuniae studium, cupiditas, aviditas. — 
There is no vice more hateful than avarice, 
nullum vitium est tetrius quam avari- 
tia. — Great avarice, profunda avaritia. 

— insatiable, hians. — Sordid avarice, 

Avaricious, avarus, aliquantum ad rem 
avidior ; pecuniae cupidus, avidus. — 
Meanly avaricious, sordidus. 

Avariciously, avare ; sordide. 

A VAUNT, apage, abi. 

AVENGE, aliquem ulciscor, vindico. 

Avenger, vindex. 

AVENUE, aditus, introitus. 

AVER, assevero, pleno ore afrirmo. 

AVERAGE. — Every year their honey 
brought them in on an average 10,000 ses- 
tertia,mmqu&m minus, ut peraeque duce- 
rent, dena millia sestertia ex melle re- 
cipiebant. — On an average may some- 
times be rendered by plus minusve, plus 
minus ; when equivalent to mean, wemay 
express average by medius numerus. 

AVERSE. — To be averse from a thing, 
alienum esse ab aliqua re ; abhorrere 
ab aliqua re (violently averse). 

Aversion, declinatio (to a thing, alicujus 
rei) ; fuga ; odium ; animus alienus or 
aversus (to one, ab aliquo). — To have 
an aversion to one, alieno or averso ani- 
mo esse ab aliquo. — To give one an 
aversion to another, aliquem ab aliquo 
alienare. — He has a violent aversion to 
marriage, a re uxori& abhorret. 

AVERT (turn away, direct another way), 
avertere, amovere. — To avert the eyes 
from any one, oculos dejicere ab aliquo.— 

a blow, ictum declinare. IT Fig. (of 

evil, Sec), amovere ; dejicere ; depel- 
lere (when it would approach), repellere 
(when it is already nigh) ; propulsare ; de- 
fendere ; deprecari (prop, by entreaties; 
then gen., seek to ward off) ; averruncare 

(of the gods who avert an evil). 

II (cause to dislike), alienare. 

AVIARY, aviarium. 

AVIDITY, aviditas. 

AVOID, fugere, defugere, (to keep aloof 
from) ; vitare, devitare, evitare, (to go 
out of the way of a place or thing). — the 
society of one, alicujus aditum sermo- 
nemque fugere. — Reason teaches us 
ichat to do or what to avoid, ratio docet, 
quid faciendum fugiendumve sit. 

Avoidance, fuga ; vitatio, devitatio. 

Avoidable, quod evitari potest ; evitabi- 
lis (poet.). 

AVOW (declare confidently), affirmare, as- 

severare. IT (openly acknowledge), 

profited, prae se ferre. 

Avowal, professio. 

Avowedly, aperte, ex professo. 

AWAIT (expect, waitfor), exspectare ali- 
quem or aliquid, praestolari alicui, oppe- 
rin aliquem. — To await the event of the 
war, belli eventum exspectare. — the 
arrival of the fleet, classem opperiri. — 
To await one before the door, alicui prae- 
stolari ante ostium. IT (be in store 

for), manere alicui or aliquem ; immi- 
nere alicui (of near, threatening evils). 

— Death awaits you, mors tibi imminet 
(hovers over your head), or tibi manet (is 
to be your portion sooner or later). 

AWAKE, excitare (e somno), exper- 
gefacere (e somno), suscitare (somno 
or e quiete), exsuscitare : — v. n. 
expergisci, expergefieri, somno solvi, 

somno excitari. IT Fig. excitare, 

experge facere, suscitare, exsuscitare ; 
movere, commovere ; v. n. excitari. — 
To awake (v. a.) from death, excitare ab 
inferis, a morte ad vitam revocare. — 
To awake (v. n.)from death, in vitam red- 
ire. — To awaken something in one's 
mind, aliquid in animo alicujus excitare. 

— To awaken in one a love for something, 
alicujus rei amorem alicui injicere. 

Awake, expergefactus, somno excitatus ; 
vigil, vigilans, exsomnis ; insomnis (not 
sleeping, because he cannot sleep). — To 
be awake, expergefactum esse (e somno), 
somno excitatum esse ; vigilare, som- 
num non capere, (to remain awake, watch, 

not go to sleep). — To keep awake all 

night, noctem pervigilare. IT Fig. 

alacer ; vegetus, vividus, vigens ; hila- 
ris, or -us. 

AWARD, addicere, adjudicare. — goods 
to any one, bona alicui addicere. — the 
sovereignty to Ptolemy, adjudicare reg- 
num Ptolemeeo. — a triumph, a sum of 
money to any one, decernere alicui tri- 
umphum, pecuniam. IT (a punish- 
ment), constituere, dicere; also under the 
emperors, irrogare. — a punishment to 
any one, constituere alicui poenam. — a 
fine to any one, dicere alicui mulctam. 

Award, subst. judicium, arbitrium, de- 
cretum, sententia. 

AWARE, vigil, vigilans ; sciens, prudens; 
noninscius. -mo«,inopinans,necopinans, 
imprudens, insciens, inscius, ignarus. 

— Here is my master, and I was not aware 
of him, herus est, nee pravideram.— To 
attack one before he is aware, aliquem im- 
paratum adoriri, aliquem improviso or 
aliquem imprudentem adoriri. — To 
surprise one before he is aware, aliquem 
necopinantem, imprudentem opprime- 
re. — Look back as if you had not been 
aware of him, quasi de improviso respice 
ad eum. — She tasted of it before she was 
aware, imprudens de eo gustavit. 

AWAY (fie), vah ! — ' Away with those sis- 
ters of yours, apage istas sorores. — Away 
with you, abi ! apage te ! abi in malam 
rem ! — Away with him, ultra istum a 
me ! ultra istunc ! — Away with those 
fopperies, pellantur istae ineptiae ; con- 

temnamus istas ineptias. 9.way with 

it (take it away), tolle, tollite. — Get you 
away, hinc te amove, aufer te hinc. — 
Away with you, profane ones, procul este 

profani. IT Away is often included in 

the signification of a verb, esp. if it be com- 
pounded with a, ab or de. — To pine 
away, tabescere, contabescere. — To be 
away, abesse ; when I was away, me 
absente. — Go away, abire. — Cast 
away, abjicere. — Take away, auferre. 

— Run away, aufugere. — Get away, 
evadere. — Steal away, subducere se. — 

I will away hence, abibo hinc. 1T To 

away with, i.e. to abide, endure, &c, fer- 
re, pati, etc. — I cannot away with it, non 
possum ferre ; — with this air, non coe- 
lum patior. — - IT Away (i. e. on). — To 
work away, opus non omittere, operi in- 
stare. IT Faraway, procul, longe. 

AWE, veneratio, reverentia, verecundia ; 
admiratio. — To stand in awe of, vereri, 
venerari. — To strike with awe, alicui in- 
jicere admirationem or venerationem 
sui; metum alicui injicere. — To ap- 
proach with awe, aliquem religiose adire. 

Awful (inspiring awe), verendus, augus- 
tus. — ^((filled with awe), venerabundus. 

Awfulness (the quality), majestas, religio; 
(awe), veneratio, etc. 

AWKWARD, rudis, incultus, inelegans, 
incallidus, illepidus, inconcinnus ; in- 
habilis alicui rei or ad aliquid, ineptus, 
rusticus, agrestis. — An awkward pre- 
dicament, angustiae. 

Awkwardly, inepte, incommode, inscite, 
incallide, rustice. — To dance a., minus 
commode saltare. 

Awkwardness, inconcinnitas, indecen- 
tia, rusticitas. 

AWL, subula. 

AWN, arista. 

AWNING, tectum ; velarium (of cloth). 

AWRY, obliquus, transversus, oblique, in 
obliquum, transverse, in transversum ; 
perversus, pravus, perverse, prave, per- 
peram. — To set the mouth awry, os or 
labra distorquere. — To look aicry, ocu- 
lo obliquo aspicere. 

AXE, ascia, securis : (apick-axe), dolabra , 
(grub-axe), ligo, marra. — Axe that cuts 
both ways, bipennis. 

AXLETREE, axis. 

AXIOM, axioma. 

AXIS, axis, sphsrae diametrus. 

AY (yes), vero, etiam, sane, maxime, cer- 
te ; (yea, even, and more), imo, imo vero, 
imo enimvero, imo vero etiam, quin 
etiam, atque adeo. 

AYE, usque, perpetuo.— For arje, in aeter- 
num, in perpetuum, in omne tempus. 

AZURE, caeruleus, cyaneus. 





"DABBLE, blatero, deblatero, fabulor, 

JJ garrio, effutio, alucinor; vainly, vo- 
ces inanes fundere. 

Babbler, blatero, garrulus, nugator; vul- 
gator, famigerator. 

Babbling, subst. garrulitas, garritus. — - 
17 Adj. garrulus, qui silere tacenda ne- 

BABE, BABY, infans. IT (doll), pu- 
pils, pupulus, pupa, pupula. 

BABOON, Simia Pavianus, L. 

BACCHUS, Bacchus, Liber. — Festival 
of B., Bacchanalia, Liberalia, Diony- 
sia ; to keep it, bacchari. 

Bacchic, Bacchicus, Baccheus. 

Bacchant, Bacchante, homo vinolentus 
ac dissolutus ; baccha. 

Bacchanalian, dissolutus, luxuriosus, 
delicatus. — To have a Bacchanalian 
time, comissari ; having such, comissa- 
bundus. — To lead a Bacchanalian life, 
Bacchanalia vivere. 

BACHELOR, qui abhorret (or abhorruit) 
ab uxore ducenda (caslebs denotes any 
man not now in the marriage state; he 

may have been married before or not). 

IT A bachelor, primo academici honoris 
gradu ornatus, baccalaureus. 

BACK, subst. (part of the body), tergum 
(the back, as the back side ; of men, and al- 
so of animals) ; dorsum (the back, as an 
elevated part of the body of animals ; rare- 
ly used of men) . — Having his back turn- 
ed to us, aversus. — With his back to 
the light, aversus a lumine. — Back to 
back, inter se aversi. — To tie the, hands 
behind the back, religare or revincire ma- 
nus post tergum or terga. — To walk up 
and down with the hands behind one's back, 
manibus in tergum rejectis inambulare. 
— Lay upon his back, resupinare.— To take 
a person or thing upon one's back, aliquem 
or aliquid in tergum accipere; aliquem 
or aliquid humeris attollere. — To lie 
(sleep, rest) upon one's back, supinum 
cubare. — / have the wind in my back, 
tergum afflat ventus. — To turn his back, 
se or vultum avertere. — To turn their 
backs (take to flight), terga vertere or da- 
re. — As soon as I turn my back, simulac 
discesserim. — To turn the back to one, 
alicui tergum ob vertere (prop.) ; abire, 
discedere ab aliquo (depart from, one) ; 
alicui deesse (not to help him) ; aliquem 
deserere (to leave him perfidiously in the 
lurch). — Behind one's back, clam aliquo, 
aliquo inscio, aliquo absente. — To 
speak evil of one behind his back, alicui 
absenti male dicere. — The ass takes a 
burden on his back, asellus onus subit 

dorso. IT Back, i. e. back side, back 

part, pars aversa, tergum ; pars posteri- 
or. — of the paper, charta aversa. — 
Written on the back of the paper, parch- 
ment, &c, scriptus in tergo. — The back 
of the head, aversa pars capitis, occiput. 
—The back part of the island, aversa (pi.) 
insulae. —of the mountain, aversa montis ; 
aversus mons. — The back (or convex 
part) of the channels of a leaf, canalium 
folii dorsum. 

Back (backwards), retro, retrorsum. — To 
go b., retro ire, ambulare, gradi ; drive b., 
retroagere ; to give back, retrocedere. — 
Back ! cede ! cedite ! recede ! recedite ! 
— But back in its various senses is most 
often expressed by re in composition ; — to 
look back, respicere ; drive back, repelle- 
re ; keep back % retinere, retardare ; de- 
morari, remorari, detinere. — Draw 
back, v. a. retrahere, reducere, revoca- 
re ; v. n. recedere, se recipere, pedem 
or gradum referre. — To write back, re- 
scribere. — Send back, remittere. — Come 
back (return), redire, revenire, reverti 
(turn b.). — To give back (return), redde- 
re (generally) ; restituere (the identical 
thing). — Flowing back, refluens, reflu- 
us (poet.) : (of the tide), reciprocus. — 
A pull-back, impedimentum, remora. — 
He was put back, repulsam tulit. — To 
go back to the origin and head of a thing, 
aliquid alte et a capite repetere. 

Back, v. a. (assist, support, further), juva- 
re, adjuvare, suffragari alicui, alicui 
favere ; aliquem opera et consilio juva- 
re, consilio et re tueri aliquem ; alicui 
adjumento esse ; sustentare, sustinere. 

IT To back water, navem retro inhi- 


Backbone, spina. 

Backdoor, postica (sc. janua), ostium 
posticum, posticum. 

Background, recessus. — of a painting, 
quae (in pictura) recedunt, abscedunt. — 
To be in the b., recedere, abscedere, (opp. 
to prominere). 

Backstairs, scalae posticae. 

BACKBITE, maledice dicere de aliquo 
absente, alicui absenti male dicere or 
loqui, de aliquo absente detrahendi cau- 
sa maledice contumelioseque dicere, 
absentem rodere. 

Backbiter, qui absentibus male dicit or 
loquitur, absentium eliminator. 

BACKSLIDE, deficere, desciscere ab 
aliquo, alienari ab aliquo ; apostatare 
(Cypr.) ; — a virtute deficere. 

Backsliding, arfy.alienatus, alienus : im- 

probus, scelestus, sceleratus. 

IT Subst. defectio, apostasia; peccatum, 

Backslider, apostata. 

tro; retrorsum. (See Back.) IT (with 

the back forwards), aversus. — Bears creep 
down from trees backwards, ursi arbores 

aversi derepunt. IT To go backward 

(grow worse), deteriorem, deterius fieri, 
in deterius mutari, in pejorem partem 
verti et mutari. 

Backward, adj. aversus, piger ; segnis, 
tardus, lentus. — to punish, piger ad 
pcenas. — to write letters, ad scribendas 
literas piger ; cessatorem esse in Ute- 
ris. — to learn, in learning, tardus ad 
discendum or in discendo, lentus indis- 

cendo. IT (late), serus, serotinus. 

— figs, serae fici. — grapes, serotinafi 


Backwardness, pigritia, tarditas, segni- 
tia ; sera maturitas. 

BACON, lardum. — A flitch of it, succi- 
dia. — A gammon of bacon, perna (hind- 
shoulder), petaso (fore-shoulder). 

BAD (ill, not good), malus, corruptus 
(spoiled), vilis (of little worth), pravus 
(deformed, perverted), tenuis (scanty, 
poor), miser. — A bad poet, malus poeta. 

— weather, tempestas mala, adversa, 
fceda. — ioay, iter difficile, incommo- 
dum ; very, via deterrima. — fare, vic- 
tus tenuis. — To be in bad repute, male 
audire. — Bad coin, numi adulterini. 

IT (unfortunate, unfavorable), tristis ; 

miser. — Bad neros, nuntius tristis, acer- 
bus. — To help a bad matter, rem procli- 
natam adjuvare. — omens, omina tristia, 
infausta. — times, tempora tristia, ini- 
qua, aspera, luctuosa, calamitosa. — 

fortune, misera fortuna. — IT (hurtful), 
nocens, noxius, nociturus ; alienus ali- 
cui rei. — Meats bad for the stomach, cibi 

stomacho alieni. 1T (morally bad), 

malus (so inclined by nature), pra- 
vus (depraved, perverted) ; improbus 5 
impius, scelestus, (godless, reprobate); 
nequam (good for nothing). — A bad 
disposition, ingenium malum pravum- 
que. — desires, pravre cupiditates. — 
To become bad, corrumpi. 

Badly, male, prave, perperam; tenuiter, 
misere ; nequiter, improbe, turpiter. 

Badness, pravitas, tenuitas, malitia, im- 
probitas, nequitia. 

BADGE, insigne. 

BADGER, ursus meles, L. 

BAFFLE, fallere, eludere, frustrari ; ad 
vanum, ad irritum redigere. — To baffle 
all a man's plans, conturbare alicui 
omnes rationes. — Death baffles all the 
plans of life, omnia vitae consilia mors 

BAG, saccus ; culeus (great leathern sack 

for parricides) ; foil is (leathern sack for 

money) ; marsupium, crumena, (pouch 


for money). — little, sacculus, saccel- 
lus; (for money), sacculus, folliculus. 

Bagpipe, utriculus. 

Bagpiper, utricularius, ascaules. 

BAGGAGE, impedimentum, sarcinse, (al- 
so of the b. of an army, with the distinction 
that imp. is of the whole army, sar. of in- 
dividual soldiers). — To gather together 
bag and baggage, sarcinas et vasa colli- 
gere. — Pick up your baggage and be 

gone, collige sarcinulas et °exi. 

IT (worthless woman), muliercula vilissi- 
ma, mulier nequissima: (in reproach), 

lutum ! TT (pert girl, flirt), lasciva 

puella. 1T (lumber), scruta. 

BAGNIO, balneum (private), balneae (pub- 
lic) ; balnearia, thermas. 

BAIL, vas, vadimonium. — To become 
bail for any one's appearance, vadem fie- 
ri alicujus sistendi. — To save his bail 
(by appearing), vadimonium obire. — 
To forsake it, vadimonium deserere. — 
To demand bail, vadem poscere ; of one, 
aliquem vadari. — To give bail, vades 
dare. — Admit to bail, vadimonio inter- 
posito liberare. 

BAIT, esca,illecebra, (prop, and fig.). 

IT (at an inn), cibus qui apud deverso- 
rium sumitur or jumentis prasbetur. 

To Bait, escam imponere or obducere (a 

hook, hamo). IT (at an inn), cibo 

apud deversorium se reficere; devertere, 
deverti, deversari; jumenta in itinere 
(or apud deversorium) cibo reficere. 

Bait. — a bear or bull, ursum or taurum 

cum canibus committere. 1\(set upon 

one), invadere, vexare, exagitare ; ali- 
quem conviciis lacessere. 

BAKE, coquere, torrere : — v. n. coqui, 
percoqui, excoqui. — To bake bread, pa- 
nem coquere. — tiles, laterculos coque- 
re. — The sun bakes the place, locum co- 
quit sol. 

Baker, coquus, pistor, fumariam exer- 
cens, furnarius ; pistrix. 

Bakehouse, pistrina, pistrinum. 

Baking, coctura ; furnaria, pistura. 

Bake-oven, furnus. — To heat it, furnum 

BALANCE (generally), trutina, statera 
(the latter esp. of the steelyard) ; (pair of 
scales), libra ; (overplus), quod reliquum 

restat. IT (equipoise), momentum 

par, aequitas. — The balance of something 
is disturbed, portionum aequitas turba- 
tur. — To lose one's balance, labi. — To 
disturb the balance of the mind, sequitatem 
animi turbare. 

To Balance (weigh in a b.), pensare, pon- 
derare aliquid re, perpendere aliquid ad 
aliquid. — On balancing together his good 
and bad qualities, vitiis virtutibusque 
ejus perpensis. IT (keep in equilibri- 
um), rem suis ponderibus librare, rem 
librare : — v.n. corpus librare ; exami- 
nari, suis ponderibus librari.— Balanced, 
pari momento or suis ponderibus libra- 
tus, paribus examinatus ponderibus. 
— To balance the vast body of the em- 
pire, immensum imperii corpus libra- 
re. IT (counterpoise, counterbal- 
ance), pensare, compensare rem re. 

IT To balance an account, inire subduce- 
reque rationem. — They have balanced 
accounts, convenit inter eos ratio accepti 

et expensi. ■ TT To balance anaccount, 

i. e. pay the overplus, quod superest in 

rationibus numerare. IT (hesitate, 

waver), in decreto suo, inter varia 
consilia, nunc hue nunc illuc fluctu- 

BALCONY, podium, Maenianum. 

BALD, calvus (of men, with reference to the 
head only ; of beasts, to the whole body) ; 
glaber (of parts of the body which should 
have hair, but never of the head ; of places 
which should be covered with plants, trees, 
&c.) ; nudus foliis (leafless, of trees). — 
Bald in front, praecalvus. — behind, re- 

calvus A bald head, calvitium. — To 

be bald, calvere, calvum esse ; glabrere, 
glabrum esse. — To become bald, calvum 
fieri, calvescere ; glabrum fieri, glabres- 




cere. IT (unadorned, inelegant), je- 

junus, exilis, inelegans. TT (mean, 

wit/iout dignity), abjectus, humilis, vilis. 

Baldness, calvities, capitis levitas of a 

region, regio plantis et arboribus nuda. 
— of style, orationis exilitas. 

BALE (bundle of goods), colligata mer- 
cium sarcina, fascis mercium colligata- 
rura. — A heavy b., mercium moles. — 
To bind or pack into bales, in fasces col- 
ligare. — To pack up bales, mercium sar- 
cinas constringere. 

BALE (misery, calamity), miseria, calami- 
tas, pestis. 

Baleful, tristis, miser, acerbus, luctuo- 

sus. TT (full of mischief), noxius, 

perniciosus, funestus, exitiosus. 

B ALK (ridge between furrows), lira, porca. 

To BALK (disappoint, deceive), aliquem de- 
cipere, frustrari, fallere, eludere ; ali- 
quid ad hritum redigere, aliquid distur- 

bare. IT (omit), omittere, declinare. 

1T (to omit, refuse), omittere, recu- 

sare, detrectare. 

BALL (to play with), pila, with or without 
lusoria : there were four kinds of balls, 
pila trigonalis, trigon ; follis, folliculus ; 
paganica ; harpastum. — To give aball, 
pilam dare. — hit it, pilam facere. — 
throw it, pilam jactare or mittere. — 
strike it back, pilam remittere or reper- 
cutere or retorquere ; pilam expelle- 
re or expulsare. — To play at ball, pila 
ludere. — Foot-ball, follis, folliculus. 

IT (any roundmass), globus, pila. — 

The earth-ball, pila terras, or better globus 
terra. — The eye-ball, pupula, pupilla, 
acies. — The ball of the thigh-bone, caput 
ossis femoris. — Ink-ball, used in print- 
ing, folliculus typographicus. — The 
bail of tie foot, plants pars exstantior. — 
For musket-ball we may say glans ; for 

cannon-ball, globus ; for bomb, pila. 

IT A little ball, globulus, pilula, follicu- 

BALLAD, carmen epicolyricum, carmen 
or canticum populare. 

BALLAST, saburra. — To ballast a ship, 
navem saburra gravare ; nav. saburrare. 

BALLET, pantomimus. 

Ballet-dancer, pantomimus, pantomi- 

BALLOON. tiir-balloon, machina aero- 


BALLOT, tabella, globulus, suffragium : 
globorum suffragia. 

To Ballot, (globis) suffragia ferre. 

BALM, balsamum. IT (ointment), un- 

guentum. TT Fig. solatium, fomen- 

tum. IT Of balm, balsaminus. 

Balmy (like balm), balsamodes. — (fra- 
grant, odoriferous), suaves odores spar- 
gens, odoratus, odorifer. IT (produc- 
ing balm), ba.lsa.mum feiens. IT (soft), 

mollis, lenis, dulcis, suavis. 

BALM (a plant), melissa officinalis, L. 

BALSAM, balsamum, opobalsamum, bal- 
sami succus or lacrima ; balsaminum 
oleum ; unguentum (any fragrant oint- 
ment). — Balsam-tree or shrub, balsa- 
mum. — Fruit of it, carpobalsamum, 
balsami semen. — Balsam-wood, lignum 
balsami, xylobalsamum. 

Balsamic (of balsam), balsaminus. 

TT (like balsam, smelling of it), balsamo- 

BALUSTRADE, pluteus, -urn. 

BAMBOO, hasta graminea, Cic. Verr.iv. 
56, 125. ; arundo Bambos, L. 

BAN, edictum. IT (exclusion from, hu- 
man society) ; secular, aquae et ignis in- 
terdictio ; of the church, sacrificiorum 
interdictio (eccles. writers have anathe- 
ma, excommunicatio). (See Cms. B. 

Q. 6, 13.) IT Ban of the empire, pro- 

scriptio ab imperatore et ordinibus Ger- 
maniae irrogata, and in connection merely 

proscriptio. IT Bans of marriage, 

futurarum nuptiarum promulgatio. 

BAND (that which binds), vinculum, copu- 
la, redimiculum, ligamen, ligamen- 
tum, fascia, vinctura, taenia :— (a fetter), 
vinculum ; pedica (for the foot). — 
A hair-band, redimiculum, fascia or tae- 
nia crinalis, vitta. — for the forehead, 
redimiculum frontis (for persons) ; fron- 

tale (for animals). (See Bandage.) 

TT Fig. (a tie, bond of union), vinculum, 
nodus, copula : — (a fetter), vinculum, 
compes. - — IT (of iron about a beam), 

Band (a company), societas, sodalitas : — 
turba, manus, globus, caterva, grex.— of 
robbers, latronum globus. — Band of 
horse, turma. 

Bandage (gen.), fascia, fasciola (small) 
(about the head), vitta; (for hurts and 
wounds), ligamen, ligamentum, fascia, 

To Bandage, deligare, alligare, obligare. 

BANDY, ultro citro agere, modo hue mo- 
do illuc pulsare. TT (agitate), agita- 

re, vexare, exagitare. M (exchange) 

— looks, fidenter inter se aspicere. — 
words with one, verba commutare cum 
aliquo (as a friend); cum aliquo altercari. 

BANDYLEGGED, varus, valgus, vatius. 

BANE (poison), venenum, virus. 

TT (that which destroys), pestis, pernicies : 

— (ruin, mischief), pernicies, exitium. 
Baneful (poisonous), venenatus. 

TT (mischievous, destructive), perniciosus, 
BANISH, alicui aqua et igni interdicere, 
exsilio afficere, in exsilium agere or 
exigere, ex urbe or ex civitate pellere, 
expellere, ejicere, exturbare ; relegare 
(to a certain place, without depriving of 
the rights of a citizen and of one's proper- 
ty) ; deportare (to transport to a distant, 
desert place ; this was the severest kind 
of banishment, and subjected a person to 
the loss of citizenship and of property, and 
cut off all hope of return). — for ten 
years, relegare in decern annos. — any 
one to an island, aliquem relegare, de- 
portare, projicere in insulam. TT Fig. 

to banish, doubt, expellere dubitationem. 

— all suspicion, delere omnem suspicio- 
nem ex animo. — love from the heart, 
amorem ex animo ejicere, amovere. — 
the authority of the senate from the state, 
exterminareauctoritatemsenatus e civi- 

Banishment, interdictio aquas et ignis, 
ejectio ; (involuntary, to a distant, desert 
place, and attended with the forfeiture of 
the rights of citizenship), deportatio ; (to 
an appointed place, with no forfeiture), re- 
legatio : exsilium (state of banishment ; 
voluntary or involuntary). — To go into 
b., in exsilium ire, proficisci, pergere ; 
exsulatum ire, abire ; solum vertere ex- 
silii causa, solum mutare. — To live in 
b., in exsilio esse, exsulari. — To return 
fromb., exsilio redire. — Place of ban- 
ishment, exsilium. 

A banished man, exsul (who has been driv- 
en from his country, or has fled from it in 
order to escape from punishment) ; extorris 
patria, extorris,(as being homeless, without 
reference to punishment) ; relegatus, de- 

BANK (ofariver), ripa ; (of earth), agger. 

— A steep bank, ripa ardua, locus ar- 
duus. — precipitous, ripa preerupta, prae- 
ceps ; locus praeruptus, praeceps ; prae- 

ceps, praecipitium. 4 sand-bank, syr- 

tis, pulvinus. TT Bank of rowers, 

tran strum. 

BANK (for money), by one man, argentaria, 
with or without mensa : — public, mensa 

publica 5 aerarium mercatorum. 

TT (at games of chance), sors, area. 

Banker, argentarius (on his own account), 
mensarius (for the state) ; but under the 
emperors these terms were often used indis- 
criminately. — To be a b., argentariam 

Banknote, tessera mensae publicae, tesse- 
ra mensae mercatorum. 

Bankrupt, qui corruit or cadit, aere diru- 
tus, bonis eversus, decoctor. — To be- 
come bankrupt, corruere, cadere, aere di- 
rui, naufragium omnium fortunarum 
facere : a mensa surgere, dissolvere ar- 
gentarium, (of a banker); cedere foro (of 
any merchant) ; conturbare ; decoquere, 
with or without creditoribus. — The stale 
is bankrupt, res ad tabulas novas perve- 

Bankruptcy, ruinae or naufragium fortu- 
narum, naufragium or eversio rei fami- 
liaris ; tabulae novas (national b.). 

BANNER, vexillum, signum (militare). 

BANQUET, convivium, epulae ; comissa- 
tio ; (after-banquet), repotia, -orum, Hor. 

— To banquet, convivari, epulari. — To 
banquet royally, saliarem in modum epu- 
lari. — One asked to a banquet, conviva. 

— To give a b., convivium praebere, hos- 
pites convjvio accipere; in honor of 

one, ccenam, epulum alicui dare. — He 
that gives a banquet, dominus cosnae or 
epuli ; convivator. 

BANTER, v. a. aliquem irridere, deride- 
re; aliquem ludere, ludibrio habere. 

Banter, subst. ludus ; irrisio. 

BAPTIZE, baptizare, sacris Christianis 

Baptism, baptisma, baptismus, sancta la- 

Baptist, baptista, baptizator. — Anabap- 
tist, anabaptista. 

Baptistery, baptisterium. 

BAR, repagulum, obex, pessulus, sera, 
claustrum : — (hinderance, impediment), 
impedimentum, mora : — crowbar, vec- 
tis : — of a tavern, claustrum : — of 
gold, silver, later aureus, argenteus: 

— (where causes are pleaded), fori can- 
celli, forum. — On my first appearance at 
the bar, ut primum forum attigi. — He 
has left the bar, salutem dixit foro. — 
The bar requires a good strong voice,. 
subsellia graviorem et pleniorem vo- 
cem desiderant. — To plead at the bar, 
causas agere.— The bar (advocates, &c.),, 
patroni causarum, jurisconsulti ; cor- 
pus jurisconsultorum. 

To Bar, foribus or ostio obdere pessu- 
lum ; occludere fores or aedes pessulo, 
repagulo; ostium obserare : — impedire, 
morari, excludere: — interdicere alicui 
aliqua re, aliquem arcere, prohibere ali- 
qua re : — excipere, eximere, excludere ~ f 
barring, excepto, -a, -is ; nisi. — Bar- 
ring that, illud si exceperis, excluse- 

BARB, uncus. — Barbed, uncinatus. 

barbaricus: — rudis, immanis, immanis 
ac barbarus, inhuman us, crudelis. — 
Barbarous Latin, sermo horridulus at- 
que incornptus. 

Barbarism, Barbarity, barbaria, barba- 
ries : — immanitas, inhumanitas, cru- 
delitas, saevitia : — inscitia : — inspeech y 
barbarism us. 

Barbarously, barbare, saeve, inhumane. 

— To speak b., barbare loqui. 

A Barbarian, barbarus: — homo rudis, 
hebes et impolitus ; homo omnis huma- 
nitatis expers : — homosaevus, crudelia, 

BARBER, tonsor. b barber's shop, ton- 


BARD, vates, poeta. 

BARE (naked), nudus : glaber ; (seeBald):- 
(uncovered), nudus, apertus, intectus. — 
With bare head, capite detecto, aperto or 
inoperto. — A bare sword, gladius strictus 
or destrictus. — To make bare, nudare, 

glabrare ; show, nudare, aperire. 

TT (unprotected, defenceless), nudus, aper- 
tus. TT (detected), rnanifestus. 

TT (plain), nudus, inornatus, simplex. 

TT (poor), nudus, egenus, inops. 

TT (threadbare), tritus, attritus, obsole- 

tus. TT (of style), jejunus, exilis. 

TT (mere), merus, sincerus. 

To Bare, nudare, glabrare, aperire ; 
stringere, destringere, (gladium). 

Barely, nude, aperte, tenuiter, exiliter, 

jejune. TT (merely), tantura, nihil 

aliud quam. 

Barefaced, impudens. — A barefaced fel- 
low, homo perfrictae frontis. 

BARGAIN, pactum, pactio, conventum, 
conditiones, stipulatio. — To bargain 
with one, pacisci cum aliquo, pactionem 
facere, conficere cum aliquo; contrahe- 
re cum aliquo. 

BARGE, actuariolum, lenunculus. 

BARK (a little ship), navicula, celox, 
lembus, navigiolum. 

To BARK, latrare (prop, and fig.) ; ganni- 
re (to yelp) ; baubari (to bark gently). — 
To bark at, allatrare alicui or aliquem 
(prop, and fig.). 

A Barking, latratus, gannitus. 

BARK (of a tree), cortex (the outer), liber 
(the inner). 

To Bark a tree, decorticare arborem, cor- 
ticem detrahere arbori, delibrare arbo- 
rem (of the inner bark). 

BARLEY, hordeum. — Barley-bread, pa- 
nis hordeaceus. — meal, farina hordea- 
cea. — A barley-corn, granum hordei v 
crithe. — water, ptisana, ptisanarium. 

BAROMETER, barometrum. 

BARN, horreum, granarium. 

BARRACKS, tugurja. 




BARREL, seria, dolium, orca. — of a 
gun, tubus. 

BARREN, sterilis, infructuosus, infecun- 
dus ; effetus. — A barren style of speak- 
ing, jejunum, exile, siccum genus di- 
cendi. — The ground tired of bearing be- 
comes barren, humus lassa senescit. — 
To become barren (of trees and beasts), 
sterilem fieri, sterilescere. 

Barrenness, sterilitas; exilitas. 

Barrenly, steriliter ; exiliter, jejune. 

BARRICADE, obstruere. IT subst. re- 

pagula, obices saxorum, obices viarum, 

BARRIER, repagula, obices, vallum, etc. 

II (fortification), castellum, cas- 

trum. II (obstruction), impedimen- 

tum. IT (to mark a limit), repagu- 

lum ; (the barriers of the circus), carceres. 
IT (a boundary), finis, terminus, li- 

BARRISTER, jurisconsultus, actor cau- 

BARROW, ferculum (handharrow) ; pabo 
(wheelbarrow). IT (for burial), tumu- 

BARTER, mutare, permutare merces. — 
with one, mutare merces cum aliquo. — 
one thing for another, mutare, commuta- 
re rem re or cum re ; permutare rem 

Barter, subst. mutatio, permutatio mer- 
cium ; mutatio ementium. — By b., per- 
mutando ; non pecunia sed compensa- 
tione mercium. 

BASE, BASIS, fundamentum, basis. — 

Fig. fundamenta, initia. 1T (pedestal 

of a statue), basis status. 

BASE (mean, worthless), vilis. 1T (mean, 

illiberal, ungenerous), humilis, illibera- 

lis, abjectus. IT (of low station, birth, 

fee), humilis, tenuis ; ignobilis, obscu- 

rus. IT (illegitimate), nullo patre na- 

tus, incerto patre natus, spurius ; pelli- 
ce ortus, nothus ; adulterino sanguine 

natus. IT (of metal), nots deterio- 


Basely, humiliter, abjecte, illiberaliter, 
turpiter, etc. 

Baseness, illiberalitas, animus abjectus, 
improbitas. — An act of b., facinus illi- 
beiale, turpe, fcedum; dedecus ; indig- 

BASHFUL, pudens, pudicus, verecun- 

Bashfulness, pudor, verecundia, timidi- 
tas ; rusticus pudor, rusticitas. 

BASILISK, basiliscus. 

BASIN, pelvis. — (for toashing), aquale 
(gen.) ; aqua? manale,aquiminale, aqui- 
minarium, (for the hands) ; malluvium 

(at a sacrifice, for the hands). IT (in 

which the water of a spring, <fec. collects), 

labrum, crater. IT (small pond), pis- 

cinula, piscina. IT (receptacle of wa- 
ter), lacus ; castellum, dividiculum, (of 
an aqueduct) ; cisterna (a subterraneous 

cistern). IT (cove, &c), sinus (maris 

or maritimus). IT (dock), navale. 

BASIS. See Base. 

BASK, v. a. insolare : — v. n. apricari. 

BASKET, corbis, fiscus, fisrina, qualus 
or qualum, canistrum, calathus, sporta. 

— Little b., corbicula, corbula, fiscella, 
fiscellus, quasillus, sportula, sportella. 

— Bread b., panarium. — Basket-weaver, 
qui corbes ex vimine facit, qui corbes 
virgis contexit, corbium te.xtor. 

BASS, vox gravis or ima; sonus gravis. 

— Deep b., sonus gravissimus. — To 
sing b., voce ima canere. —Bass singer, 
voce ima canens, gravis soni cantor. 

BASS-RELIEF, prostypon ; toreuma ; 
cslatum opus, cslatura. The opposite 
of this (alto rilievo) is ectypon, imago 
ectvpa ; sculptura ectypa. 

BASTARD. See Base. 

BASTE (to beat), aliquem fusti verberare, 
verberare, verberibus csdere, pulsare, 

verberibus castigare. IT (of meat), 

carni, dum ad ignem versatur, butyrum 
liquatum instillare. 

Bastinade, -ado. (See Baste.) — to 

death, fuste percutere. IT subst. ver 

beratio,verbera. — to death, fustnarium. 

BASTION, propugnaculum, castellum. 

BAT (a heavy stick), clava, fustis. 

BAT (an animal), vespertilio. 

BATE, minueie, imminuere, aliquid or 
aliquid de aliqna re deminuere ; exte 
nuare : aliquid or de aliqna re remittere 

aliquid de aliqua re detrahere. 

IT v. n. minui, deminui, remitti, decres- 
cere, macescere, macrescere. 

Bating. See Barring, Except. 

BATH, BATHS (place for bathing), bali- 
neum or balneum (private), balnea? 
(public) ; balnearia (private), therms 
(public) ; lavatio, lavacrum. — The 
apartment for cold bathing, frigidaria or 
frigidarium ; for lukewarm, tepidaria or 
tepidarium ; for hot, calidaria or calida- 
rium ; for the vapor bath, assum.— Large 
receptacle for bathing, baptisterium, pis- 
cina. — Bath-keeper, balneator. — Bath- 
ing-places, aqus, bajs, (where healing 

waters are found). IT A bath (water 

for bathing), frigida (cold), tepida (luke- 
warm), calida (hot). — To lake a cold b., 

frigida lavari. IT A bath, i. e. a 

bathing, lavatio, lotio, lotus ; usus aqua- 
rum (as a means of cure). — with cold 
water, lavatio frigida or frigida? aquas. 

To Bathe, v. a. lavare, abluere. — any 

. one, aliquem lavare, in balneum demit- 

tere. IT v. n. lavari, lavare. — in the 

river, flumine corpus abluere. tT A 

bathing-tub, labrum or solium ; alveus. 

BATTALION, cohors, agmen, phalanx. 

— triangular, cuneus. 
BATTEN. See Fatten, Fertilize. 
BATTER, pulsare, verberare."— walls, 

muros pulsare, ariete or arietis pulsu (or 
of artillery and other engines, tormentis) 
muros verberare, quatere, quassare, mu- 
rum discutere. — Battering-ram, aries. — 
The ram battered a hole in the wall, aries 
percussit murum IT (wear with beat- 
ing), tundere, contundere. IT (bat- 
tered, worn out, done over), confectus. 

Battery (the earth thrown up), agger; 
(the cannon), tormenta in aggere dispo- 
sita. — To advance with batteries, tor- 
menta muris admovere. IT An elec- 
tric b., phialarum Leidensium complex- 
us. IT (a beating), verberatio. 

BATTLE, prcelium (which may include 
pugna, the fight, resistance, opposition, 
and certamen) ; acies, dimicatio. — on 
land, prcelium terrestre. — by sea, prce- 
lium navale, pugna navalis, dimica- 
tio navalis. — A hot b., prcelium acre. 

— To join b., prcelium committere, ma- 
num (pugnam, prcelium) conserere ; in- 
ter se concurrere, acie concurrere. — 
To fight a b., prcelium or pugnam face- 
re, edere ; prceliari ; proelio decertare, 
decernere, dimicare, (fight a decisive bat- 
tle). — The shock ofb., prcelii concur- 
sus, concursus, congressus. — To offer 
b., productis copiis pugnandi potesta- 
tem facere. — Field of battle, locus pug- 
na? or prcelii ; locus, quo or ubi pugna- 
tum est (where a battle has been fought). 

— Line of battle, acies. — Battle-array, 
acies. — To set an army in battle-array, 
aciem instruere, instituere ; copias or 
exercitum instruere. — Battle-song, 
cantus prcelium inchoantium ; (of the old 
Germans), barritus. — Battle-piece (as a 
picture), tabula, in qua est prcelium ; 
tabula picta prcelii, prcelium pictum. — 
Battle-car, essedum. — BaUle-axe, bi- 
penni?. — Of a battle, prceliaris. 

BATTLEMENTS, lorica, pinna?. 

BAWBLES, frivola, n. pi. ; res minuta? ; 

BAWD, leno, lena. — The profession of 
one, lenocinium. — To exercise it, leno- 
cinari. — The house of one, lupanar. 

1 frequenter of such a house, scorta- 

tor, lustro. 

BAWL, clamo, vociferor, clamorem edo 
or tollo ; conclamo (of several) ; ploro, 
quirito ; proclamo. 

BAY (a color), a. badius, spadix. tl (a 

part of the sea), sinus (with or without 

maritimus or maris). IT (thelaurel), 

laurus (laurus nobilis, L.). — Of bay, 
laureus, laurinus. — Bay berry, bacca 

lauri.— Bay grove, lauretum. HBay 

(the reward of victory), laurus, laurea; 
corona laurea. — Fig. gloria, laus, ho- 
nos ; doctrina. — Adorned with bays, 
laureatus, cum laurea. 11 Bay win- 
dow, fenestra prominens, cava fenestra. 

II To stand at bay, se defendere 

contra aliquem, hostium impetum sus- 
tinere. — To hold at bay, morari, siste- 
re ; defendere. 

To Bay (bark), latrare. — (bark at), al- 


BAYONET, pugio (sclopeto prsflxus). — 
To fix the b., pugionem erigere, pra?fi- 

BE, esse ; exstare ; inveniri, reperiri ; ver- 
sari, commorari. — To be in good health, 
bene se habere, recte valere. — To be 
ill, male se habere, morbo laborare, 
a?grotare. — How are you 1 quomodo va- 
les ? quomodo te habes ? — To be in dan- 
ger, in discrimine versari. — To be of 
that age, ea esse state. — in his tenth 
year, decimum annum agere. — at 
home, domi sus esse ; out, esse foris. — 
with one, at one's house, cum aliquo, 
apud aliquem esse. — Thethingis so, res 
ita est, res ita se habet. — I am on the 
point of going, in eo est (not sum), ut 
abeam. — What is the matter 1 quid 
(quidnam) est? quid accidit? — What 
is he at ? quid sibi vult ? — Hoio would it 
be if I should write 1 quid si scribani ? — 
To be at so much labor, tantum laborem 
capere. — It cannot be but you must say, 
fieri nullo pacto potest, ut non dicas. — 
ft cannot be but — , fieri id non potest, 
quin, etc.— To be onhis side, cum illo sta- 
re. — He cannot be without this, hoc (abl.) 
carere non potest. — Desirous to be gone, 
cupidus decedendi. — It will not be, non 
fiet. — Be it, be it so, esto — Suppose it 
be so, yet — , verum ut ita sit, tamen, 
etc. — Whether it be by a divine sugges- 
tion, or by some conjecture of one's own, 
sive divinitus, sive aliqua conjectura. 

— Had it not been for Horatius Codes, nisi 
Horatius Codes fuisset. — It would be 
tedious, too difficult, it would have been bet- 
ter, and other like phrases, take the in- 
die. in Latin : as, longum est, difficile 
est ; melius or longe utilius erat. — 
What is the news 1 ecquid novi est ? — Is 
there any thing new 1 num quidnam no- 
vi ? — There is a man loho, there are those 
who, est (plur. sunt), non desunt, inve- 
niuntur, reperiuntur, qui, etc. (followed 
by indicat. tohen the predicate is represent- 
ed as having a real, actual relation to the 
subject ; by the subj. when as having a ne- 
cessary or possible relation) : thus, there 
is a God, who forbids, est Deus, qui ve- 
tat ; there are philosophers who assert, 
sunt philosophi, qui dicunt ; there are 
peoplewho maintain, sunt qui dicant (i. e. 
who are disposed to maintain, who will 
maintain ; on the other hand, dicunt, who 
do in fact maintain) ; there are cases, 
when, est, ubi (followed by subj.). — These 
things being so, qus quum itasint. — To 
be a father to one, fungi vice patris ali- 
cui. — About to be, futurus. — To be 
about to be, fore. — 'Tis good being (to 
be) here, bonum est esse hie. — Being 
to come, venturus. — The Gauls, be- 
ing repulsed, take counsel what to do, 
repulsi Galli, quid agant, consulunt. 

— Teucer being our captain, nothing is 
desperate, nil desperandum, Teucro du- 
ce. — You being my helper, te adjuvante 
or adjutore. — Which things having been 
set forth, we arenext to speak, &c, quibus 
expositis, deinceps dicendum est, etc. — 
Saturn being king, Saturno rege or reg- 
nante, sub Saturno (rege). — Your 
being here, tua prssentia. — Winter 
kept the thing from being done, hiems 
rem geri or ne res gereretur prohibuit. 

— I make no objection to his being beaten, 
non moror, quominus verberetur. — He 
was near being killed, haud multum abfuit 
quin occideretur. — He was near being 
made dictator also, prope fuit ut dictator 
ille idem crearetur. — So far is death 
from being an evil, tantum abest (ab eo), 

ut malum mors sit. — A people that may 
be numbered, as being small, populus nu- 
merabilis, utpote parvus. — Democritus, 
as being a learned man, thinks the sun to 
be of a great compass, sol Democrito mag- 
nus videtur, quippe homini erudito. — 
As being one that, may be expressed by 
quippe qui, utpote qui, ut qui, with the 
subj. — For my being at JVaples, si ego sim 
Neapoli.- — || See Were. 
Being (existence) may be expressed often by 
the tenses of sum. — They are not now in 
being, jam nusquam sunt ; in rebus hu- 
manis non sunt; nulli sunt. — His 
speech is yet in being, ipsius exstat ora- 
tio. — Since nothing has a real being, 
quum nihil sit. — That only has a being 
which continues uncliangeable in its no- 




tore, id solum est, quod semper tale est. 

— He denies the being of the gods, nullos 
esse deos putat, deos esse negat. — Be- 
ing may sometimes be rendered by vita 
(life). — Also, to owe one's being to any 
one (as a parent), aliquo natum esse, 

propter aliquem vivere. IT (state or 

condition), conditio. — Well-being, salus ; 

bonum, commodum. IT (what has 

being), res, ens ; animal, animans ; ho- 
mo ; natura. — The supreme being, deus 
supremus, supremum numen ; Dens. — 
A rational being, animal intelligens, ani- 
mal rationis compos. — That active be- 
ing, illud quod viget. 

BEACH, litus. 

BEACON, materia inflammabilis in spe- 
culam congesta. — lighted, ignis e spe- 
cula elatus ; ignis. Tf (to guide 

ships), pharus (light-house) ;pl. signa ad 
regendos navium cursus disposita. 

BEAD, globula or sphaerula perforata; 
globula, sphaerula. — Beads (rosary), 
sphaerulae precatorise. — To tell one's 
beads, preces ad certum globulorum nu- 
merum fundere. 

BEADLE, stator, apparitor, praeco, lictor ; 
of bridewell, lictor pristinalis. 

BEAK, rostrum. — To whet their beaks, 

exacuere spicula rostris. i little beak, 

rostellum, Plin. 6. beaked ship, navis 


BEAKER, calix. 

BEAM, trabs, tignum. — Little b., trabe- 
cula, tigillum. — of a balance, jugum. 

— of a loom, jugum. — of a wagon, te- 
mo. — Of or belonging to a beam, like a 
beam, trabalis. — Rough beams, materia. 

— To hew beams, materiam dolare — Head 
of a beam, caput tigni, tignum eminens.- 
Beam-work, contignatio. — Not to see the 
beam in one's own eye, aliorum vitia cer- 
nere, oblivisci suorum ; papulas obser- 
vas alienas, ipse obsitus plurimis ulce- 
ribus (Senec. Vit. Beat. 27 : see also Ho- 
rat. Sat. I, 3, 25). 

BE AM (ray), radius. 

To Beam, radios fundere, radiare, fulge- 
re. — with gold, &c. fulgere auro, argen- 
to, etc. ; radiare lumine argenti, Ovid. ; 
insignem esse auro et purpura. — To 
beam like gold, reddere fulgorem auri. 

BEAN, faba (small b., fabulus, fabula) ; 

phaselus, phaseolus. Made of beans, 

belonging to b., fabaceus or fabacius, fa- 
barius. — Of beans, fabalis, fabaginus. 

1 bean-stalk, caulis or scapus fabae ; 

bean-stalks, fabalia. — Bean-straw, culmi 
fabae. — Bean-pole, adminiculum faba- 
rum. — Bean-cod, siliqua fabalis. 

BEAR (carry), ferre, portare, gerere, ges- 
tare, vehere, vectare ; sustinere, sus- 
tentare. — To be borne through the city 
in a palanquin, lectica ferri, portari, ges- 
tari, vehi per urbem. — ■ To bear to the 
grave, funere efferre, efferre. — Bear 
arms against one, arma ferre contra ali- 
quem. — To bear one upon the shoulders, 

bajulare aliquem. TT (carry away), 

ferre, auferre, abducere, rapere; (of a 
victory, &c), deportare, reportare, con- 
sequi, adipisci. — Bear the bell, palmam 

ferre. IT (bring), afferre, adducere, 

advehere ; referre, deferre. IT To 

bear sway, dominari, regnare, imperium 
exercere. — To bear affection to one, ama- 
re aliquem. — Bear one good will, animo 
esse in aliquem benevolo, alicui favere. 

— Bear one company, coinitari ; deduce- 
re. — I bear the name of Alexander, est 
mihi nomen Alexandro (or Alexander, 
rarely Alexandri). — Bear one hatred, 
odisse aliquem, infensum esse alicui. — 
Bear witness, testimonium dicere, testi- 
monium perhibere. — Bear in mind, rae- 

moria. habere, tenere. 1T (bear up, 

support), sustinere, sustentare. 

IT (endure), tolerare, sustinere, pati, 
perpeti, perferre. — Able to bear hunger 
and cold, inediae et algoris patiens. — 

Unableto bear, impatiens (with genit.) 

To be able to bear neither cold nor heat, 
neque frigora, neque aestus facile tolera- 
re. T\ (suffer, undergo), pati, affectum 

esse aliqua re, premi aliqua re. 

Tf (suffer, allow), pati, sinere, ferre. — / 
will not bear it at all, non feram, non pa- 
tiar, non sinam (in connection, Cic. Cat. 
I, 5, 10.). — The thing will not bear de- 
lay, res dilationem non patitur, res dif- 
ferri non potest. IT Bear with ; as, 

you must bear with your father, mos geren- 
dus est patri. — a friend's vices, pecca- 
tis amici indulgere. — necessity, da- 
re necessitati veniam. — To bear with 
one's sorrow, dolori parcere. — We must 
bear with one another's faults, nobis inter 
nos nostra vitia toleranda. IT (pro- 
duce, yield), ferre ; afferre (of trees) ; ef- 
ferre (of the soil). — To bear fruit, ferre 
fruges, afferre fructum. — To bear, v. n. 
ferre fruges (also merely ferre), afferre 
fructum ; efferre (esp. of the field) i the 
tree bears, arbor fert ; not every year, ar- 
bor non continuis annis fructum affert : 
the field bears tenfold, ager effert or effi- 

cit cum decimo. IT (give birth to), 

parere ; eniti (with effort and pain). — 
To bear children to one, liberos ex aliquo 
parere, eniti. — (of a place), patriam es- 
se alicujus, ferre aliquem. IT To 

bear a part in a thing, partem alicujus 

rei sustinere, alicui rei interesse. 

TT (be answerable for). — To bear the 
risk, periculum in se recipere, rem 
aliquam sui periculi facere. — the 
loss, praestare damnum. — the charges, 

sumptus tolerare, suppeditare. TTTo 

bear (behave) himself, se gerere ; agere, 
facere. — as any one, pro aliquo se ge- 
rere ; — in a thing, in re. — To bear 
one's self as a friend, amice agere. — 
prudently, prudenter se gerere. — 
To bear himself worthily of his ances- 
tors, dignum se praebere majoribus. 

IT To bear through (carry out), ad 

fmem perducere ; absolvere. IT To 

bear off, avertere, defendere. Tf To 

bear down, prosternere, proturbare ; fig. 
deprimere, frangere, opprimere, obrue- 
re. — Bear back, repellere, propulsare. — 

Bear on, promo vere, impellere. 

TT Bear up against, obniti ; resistere. 

TT To bear out, securum praestare ; cul- 
pam alicujus rei demovere ab aliquo, 

aliquem defendere de aliqua re. 

IT To bring to bear, ad effectum adduce- 
re. Tf To bear (tend), tendere, cur- 
sum dirigere. Tf To bear upon, pre- 

mere, urgere, incumbere, inniti. 

TT To bear out (stand out, jat out), promi- 
nere, procurrere. 

Bearer, gerulus, bajulus. — of some- 
thing, portans, gestans aliquid ; gesta- 

tor alicujus rei. IT (that brings), qui 

affert, perfert, etc. — of a message, nun- 

tius. — of a letter, tabellarius. TT (of 

a corpse), lecticarius ; (for the common 
sort), vespillo, sandapilarius. 

Bearing (relation), ratio. TT (mien, be- 
havior), habitus, gestus ; ratio, mores, 
ratio se gerendi. 

BEAR, subst. ursus, ursa; (as a con- 
stellation), Ursa, Arctos. — The Great 
B., Ursa Major, Helice ; the Little B., 
Ursa Minor, Parvula Cynosura ; the two, 
Septentriones. — Of a bear, ursinus. — 
Bear's foot (a plant), acanthus ; adorned 
with it, acanthinus. 

BEARD, barba (of men and beasts, and also 
of nuts) ; — (the first beard or down on the 
chin of young people), lanugo, barba pri- 
ma, barba incipiens, pluma ; — aruncus 
(6. of a goat) ; — arista (of an ear of corn). 

— A small beard, barbula. 1 long, 

great beard, barba promissa, prolixa, 
magna. — Rough, grisly, b. horrida, 
hirsuta. — Red, b. aenea ; a man, with 
such, aenobarbus, qui barbam aeneam 
habet. — Having a b., bearded, barbatus. 

— Without beard, beardless, imberbis. — 
Having a neat b., barbatulus, qui barbu- 
la. delectatur. — Having a stout beard, 
bene barbatus. — To let the beard grow, 
barbam alere ; long, promittere. — To 
take off the beard (with a razor), radere or 
abradere barbam 3 (with scissors), tonde- 
re barbam. 

To Beard (pluck by the beard), barbam ali- 
cui vellere. TT (defy), contumacem 

esse in aliquem ; confidenter alicui re- 
sistere, aliquem provocare, conviciis 
coram lacessere. 

Bearded, barbatus. Tf (barbed), un- 


BEAST, animal, animans (plur. animan- 
tia or animantes) ; bestia (as irrational) ; 
belua (in a physical sense, as of a heavy 
make, especially of beasts above the human 

- size, as the elephant, whale, &c); pecus (of 
cattle, sheep, Sec.). — Beasts of burden, ju 
menta. — A wild b., bestia fera, fera ; be 

lua fera ; belua silvestris (a great beast 
living in the woods). — The instinct or way 
of beasts, beluarum or pecudum ritus. 
— After the way of beasts, beluarum mo- 
re, pecudum ritu. TT(a brutal fellow), 

ferus homo ; (sensual fellow), porcus. 

Beastly, by the genit. beluarum, pecu- 
dum Tf (low, filthy, rude, &c), be- 

luinus, spurcissimus, fcedissimus; fe- 
rus, inhumanus ; illiberalis. 

Beastliness, beluina voluptas, fceditas, 
spurcissima vita. 

BEAT (to strike), pulsare, ferire, verbera- 
re, caedere, percutere. — To beat at the 
door, pulsare ostium or fores. — To beat 
their breasts, arms, &c. (in grief), plan- 
gere pectora, lacertos. — To beat, one 
with the fists, aliquem pugnis caedere, 
aliquem colaphis pulsare, colaphos iiri- 
pingere alicui. — To be beaten, vapulare, 
verberari, caedi verberibus or pugnis, 
verberibus lacerari, pugnis obtundi. — 
You beat, I am only beaten, pulsas, ego 
vapulo tantum. — To be beaten on the 
back as apunishment, tergo plecti. — To 
beat a timbrel, tympanizare, tympanum 
pulsare. — a drum, tympanum pulsare. 
: — The young men beat violently upon the 
windows, juvenes quatiunt fenestras. — 
To beat down a wall, murum arietibus or 
tonnentis quassare or discutere. — The 
waves beat upon the shore, fluctus se illi- 
dunt or illiduntur in litus. — The shores 
are beaten with the waves, litora plangun- 
tur fluctu. — The storms beat, saeviunt 
tempestates. — The beating rays of the 
sun, fervidi ictus soli3. — The sun 
beats, sol urit. — The rain beats into 
my face, imber in os fertur. — A mas- 
ter who beats much, praeceptor plago- 
sus. — To beat down, ad terram dare or 
affligere, affligere solo ; fig. affligere, 
pessumdare, obterere, deprirnere — To 
beat black and blue (in the face), sugillare. 

Tf (to pound, bruise), terere, tundere 

pilo, pinsere, comminuere. — Beat out 
corn, e spicis grana excutere or discute- 
re or exterere, frumentum deterere. — 

Beat flax, tundere linum. TT (scour), 

per aliquem locum discurrere, cursita- 

re. TT To beat a way, viam facere, 

aperire, patefacere ; viam munire ali- 
cui. & beaten way, via trita, iter com- 
modum. Tf (conquer, vanquish), vin- 

cere, superare, proffigare. IT Beat 

back, repellere. M Beat into one, ali- 
cui inculcare. Tf Beat, i. e. harass, 

strain, vexare, fatigare. — his brains, vo- 
lutare secum animo or in animo, volve- 
re animo or secum ; multa secum repu- 
tare de re, etiam atque etiam reputare, 

quid, etc. TT (toss, shatter), jactare, 

quassare. — Weather-beaten, ventis quas- 
satus ; — on a journey, cceli intemperie 

fatigatus or delassatus. TT To beat 

with the hammer, malleo tundere, con- 
tendere ; ducere. — gold, aurum in 

bracteas extenuare. TT To beat upon 

(insist upon), retractare, etiam atque 

etiam inculcare. TT To beat ( of the 

pulse, the heart). — The pulse beats, venae 
micant ; strongly, pulsus arteriae est 
citatus. — The heart beats, cor palpitat ; 

violently, cor salit. TT To beat up, ir- 

rumpere in aliquid, perfringere aliquid. 

Beat, subst. pulsus, ictus. — of oars, pul- 
sus remorum. — of the pulse, pulsus ve- 
narum or arteriamm. — icith the foot or 
hand, ictus pedis, digitorum. — of the 
drum, pulsus tympani ; (the sound), So- 
nus or sonitus tympani ; by beat of drum, 
tympani or -orum sonitu, tympanis pul- 

BEAU, homo elegans, elegantior ; bellus 
homunculus; juvenis barba et comani- 
tidus, decapsula totus ; trossulus. 

BEAUTY, pulchritudo (generally, either 
material or ideal, as raising admiration) ; 
species (beautiful appearance, outward 
beauty only) ; forma (beauty of form or 
make, which pleases by the symmetry, reg- 
ularity and harmony of the parts, either in 
motion or attitude) ; venustas (graceful 
form, loveliness ; used also of a thing, as 
orationis, verborum ; hence in particular 
of the attractive beauty of females) ; digni- 
tas (an imposing, dignified, manly beau- 
ty); amoenitas (the agreeableness, smiling 
beauty, of places, rivers, &c.) ; elegan- 
tia (elegant, tasteful choice, disposition or 
exhibition) ; virtus (inner, intrinsic beauty, 




merit, &c.) ; the beauties of an oration, 
orationis virtutes. — Beauties of style, 
dicendi veneres. — Artificial, painted 
beauty of speech., fucatus candor. — She 
is a perfect beauty, mulier est omnibus 
simulacris emendation — She is one of 
the first beauties, pulchritudine or forma 
or venustate insignis est. 
Beautiful, pulcher (opp. to turpis, and 
used of persons and things, as of a boy, a 
city, bread, dress, the countenance, an 
ointment, an action) ; fonnosus (opp. to 
deformis, and used mostly of things) ; 
speciosus (opp. to turpis, and denoting a 
higher degree of beauty than formosus) ; 
venustus (lovely, charming, of persons 
and things, as of a maiden, a form, a coun- 
tenance, a garden, a thought ; especially 
of womanly beauty) ; belius (handsome, 
pleasing ; approaching the pulchrum or 
beautiful, of persojis and things, as of a 
maiden, a narrative, a place, wine, &x.) ; 
amoenus (pleasant, smiling, delightful, 
esp. of places, tracts, country-seats, riv- 
ers, &c.) ; elegans (tasteful, elegant, as 
of a writer, orator, poet; a poem, oration, 
letter, sound). — Very beautiful ; by the 
superlative of these adjectives, or by per- 
pulcher, perelegans. — Having abeauti- 
ful, facie pulchra, formosa, egre- 
gia. — Of a beautiful form, specie venus- 
ta ; forma pulchra, eximia ; formosus ; 
eyes, oculis venustis. — That beautiful 
laying of Plato, elegans or praclarum 
illud Platonis. 
Beautifully, pulchre, venuste, belle, 
eleganter, suaviter, eximie. — To be 
b. painted, pulchre pictum esse. — To 
write beautifully, lepida manu literas 
facere (of the hand-writing) ; eleganter, 
venuste, belle, praclare, ornate scribe- 
re (of the style) . — To speak b., elegan- 
ter, venuste, belle, bene, ornate dice- 
Beautify, oruare, exornare, decorare, 
excolere; verbis adornare, oratione ex- 
BEAVER, castor, fiber. — Of a beaver, 

castoreus, fibrinus. 
BECALM (quiet), tranquillare,pacare,se- 

dare. IT Becalmed at sea, a ventis 

BECAUSE, quod, quia, quonianr, quum, 
propterea quod, eo quod, ideo quod ; — 
also by qui and qnippe qui with the subj., 
or by a participial construction (as, Dio- 
nysius had his hair singed off with live 
coals, because he was afraid of the razor 
Dionysius, cultros tonsorios metuens, 
candenti carbone sibi adurebat capil-j 
lum ; the old Romans desired a monarchy, 
because they had not yet knoion the de- 
lightfulness of freedom, Romani veteres 
regnari volebant, libertatis dulcedine 

nondum experta). 1T Because of, 

propter with the accits. ; ergo with the 
genit. ; — (to express a hinderance), pra 
with the ablat. 
BECKON, signa dare or significare nutu, 
oculis, manibus, etc ; capite nutate, nutu 
capitis aliquid significare ; nictare (with 
the eyes). — To beckon to any one, in- 
nuere alicui ; (with the finger), digito. 
— To beckon a man to one's self, nutu 
aliquem ad se vocare. 
Beck, nutus. — To be ready at one's beck, 
ad nutum alicujus paratum or prasto 
esse. — To do a thing at one's b., ad nu- 
tum alicujus aliquid facere. 
BECOME (take form, state, &c), fieri, 
evadere, exoriri, exsistere ; creari, legi, 
eligi, (to be chosen). — Cicero became 
consul, Cicero consul factus est (was 
chosen) ; consulatum iniit (entered on 
the office). — To become a perfect ora- 
tor, perfectum oratorem evadere. — 
To become surety for one, sponsorem fie- 
ri pro aliquo. — To become a beggar, ad 
mendicantem redigi. — From a beg-gar 
to become a richman, ex mendico fieri di- 
vitem. — To become a proverb, in pro- 
verbium venire or cedere. — Become is 
often expressed by the inceptive form in 
scere : as, to become warm, calescere ; 
to b. rich, ditescere ; old, senescere. — 
Or the form of the expression may be 
changed; thus, it becomes summer, i.e 

summer draws nigh, appetit rcstas. 

IT To become of. — What will become of 
me? quid de me fiet ? — What do you 
think will become of you ? quid te futu- 

rum censes? — Wliat will become of him 1 
quid illo fiet ? 
BECOME(feeseewi), aptum, accommodatum 
esse alicui; decere aliquem; honestare 
aliquem (of outward ornament); conveni- 
re alicui, dignum esse aliquo, (of inward); 
decori, ornamento esse ; decus afferre 
alicui or alicui rei. — Not to become one, 
dedecere or indecere aliquem ; indeco- 
rum, dedecori, turpe esse alicui ; in- 
dignum esse aliquo. — It is becoming, 
Eequum est, par est, (followed by infin.) ; 
convenit (by ace. and infin.). — It does 
not at all become an orator to be angry, 
oratorem irasci minime decet. — While 
you do what becomes you, dum, quod te 
dignum est, facis. — You do as it be- 
comes you, facis quod par est facere. — 
This becomes not a wise man, hoc a sapi- 
ente alienum est. — It becomes not your 
dignity, majesty, est prater dignitatem 
tuam, inferius majestate tua est. It be- 
comes a young man, est juvenis (genit.; it 
isthepart of a young man); it becomes me, 
you, &.c, meum est, tuum est, etc. — This 
garment becomes me, decet me haec ves- 

Becoming, decens ; decorus, honestus, 
ingenuus; aptus, accommodatus, con- 
veniens, consentaneus ; dignus, de- 
bitus, Justus. — In a becoming manner, 
decenter, venuste, decore, honeste, ut 
decet, ut convenit, ut par est, ut jus- 
tum est, rite. 

BED (place of rest), lectas, lectulus; lectus 
cubicularis, cubile, (to sleep on) ; torus 
(more poet.) ; grabatus (a low couch- 
bed, for the sick and for students) ; lectus 
genialis (the marriage-bed): — (bed, not 
bedstead), culcita (e.g. plumea, stramen- 
ticia). 1 little bed, lectulus. — A bed- 
stead, sponda. — Bed-chamber, dormito- 
rium (with or without cubiculum). — A 
bed-fellow, in eodem lecto Cubans ; tori 
or thalami consors ; conjux. — Straw- 
bed, lectus stramenticius ; culcita stra- 
menticia (only the bed). — Bed and bedding, 
strata, stragula; also with cubicularia.— 
Spread a bed, lectum sternere. — Bed- 
clothes, vestimenta stragula. — To go to 
bed, ad lectum transgredi, cubitum ire 
or discedere, dormitum se conferre. — 
Put one to bed, collocare aliquem in cu- 
bili. — To keep one's bed, in lecto esse 
(to lie in bed) ; lecto teneri ; lecto affix- 
urn esse. — To confine one to his bed (of 
old age, disease, &.C.), aliquem lecto afR- 
gereT — To be brought to bed, parturn 
edere ; parere : of a child, parere infan- 
tem, partu edere infantem. — Bed-rid, 
clinicus, lecto affixus. 11 {in a gar- 
den), area, pulvinus ; little b., areola, 
pulvinulus ; the pulvinus was terrace- 
like. — To divide into beds, areis distin- 
guere, in areas dividere. — A violet- 
bed, violarium. TT (of a river), al- 

veus. IT An oyster-bed, ostrearium ; 

ostrearum vivarium (artificial). — Beds 

of sulphur, sulphurata (sc. loca). 

IT (a layer), stratura, corium ; tabulatum. 

BEDAUB, linere, oblinere ; perlinere ; 

BEDEW, irrorare. — Bedewed, roratus, 

BEDIZEN, exornare. 

BEDLAM, domus qua continentur ho- 
mines insani or mente capti. TT (a 

bedlamite), homo insanus, furiosus. 

BEDRAGGLE the clothes, vestem per lu- 
tum or rorem trahere. 

BEE, apis.— A little one, apicula. — A bee- 
garden,apiarium. — $ bee-house, apiarium, 
alvearium. — Bee-hive, alvus or alveus, 
vasculum, domicilium, tectum (apium). 
— A swarm of b., examen (apium).— 
The care of bees, apium cura or cultus, 
alveorum cura. — The raising of bees, 
res apiaria ; apium cultus. — A bee- 
master, apiarius, apium custos, etc.,mel- 
larius, melitturgus. — Sting of a bee, 
ictus apis ; the instrument itself, aculeus 
(apis). — A drone-bee, fucus. — Bees 
that brinrr in the honey, (apes) gerulre. 

BEECH, fagus (fagus silvatica, L.). — 
Beech-mast, glans fagea. 

Beechen, fagetis, faginus, fagineus. 

BEEF, (caro) bubula. — Roast b., assum 
bubulum. — Beeves, pecus bubulum, 
pecus (-oris), boves. 

BEER, cerevisia. — New b., mustum ce- 

-revisiae. — Fresh, cerevisia recens ; 


strong, valida; small, dilutior ; hard, 
acrior or acri sapore. — A beer-cask, do- 
lium cerevisice. 

BEET, beta. 

BEETLE (an insect), scarabseus. 

TT (heavy mallet), fistuca (rammer to drive 
in stakes, &.c.) ; pavicula (a pavier's bee- 
tle); tudes, tudicula, (for bruising, olives 
for instance) ; malleus gravis or major. 

BEFALL (happen to), alicui cadere, acci- 
dere, (for the most part of misfortune) ; 
alicui contingere (usually of fortunate 
conjunctures) ; alicui usu venire,, eveni- 

re. TT (to happen), cadere, incidere, 

accidere, (mostly in an unfavorable sense; 
also with casu) ; contingere (usually of 
good things) ; e venire, usu venire. — 
To abide whatever may befall, quemcum- 
que sors tulerit casum subire. 

BEFIT, aptum, accommodatum esse ali- 
cui, alicui rei or ad aliquid, idoneum 
esse ad aliquid, con venire ad aliquid, 
decere aliquem. 

BEFORE, prep, (in space or time), ante (of 
space or time) ; ob (of the surface of a 
thing, of course only in space), pro (de- 
notes direction from something behind). — 
Before the city, ante urbem. — the camp, 
ante castra, pro castris. — the door, ante 
januam. — the feet, ante pedes. — the 
eyes, ante oculos (e. g. positum esse); ob 
oculos (e.g. versari). — the time, ante 
tempus, ante diem. — To drive a herd 
before him, pra se armentum agere. — 
To praise a man before his face, in os ali- 
quem laudare. — To have the river before 
him, flumen pra se habere. — The day 
before themarriage, pridie nuptiarum. — 
The day before that, pridie ejus diei. — 
All philosophers before him, omnes ante 
eum philosophi. — Before the time of Ju- 
piter, ante Jovem. — Before my censor- 
ship (before I was censor), ante me censo- 
rem. — Before death (while living), ante 
obitum, vivus. — This before is also ex- 
pressed by compound verbs .- thus, to 
stretch a thing before a thing, aliquid pra- 
tendere alicui rei ; to ride before one, ali- 
quem equo ante'ire ; to go before one, 
aliquem ante'ire, antegredi, antecedere. 

— A little before(of time) may be expressed 
sometimes by sub with accus. — He died 
before his father, prior quam pater morie- 

batur. TT (in the presence or sight of), 

coram. — Before one, coram aliquo, pra- 
sente aliquo; inspectante aliquo (while 
one is looking on). — To speak before the 
people, coram populo dicere (when they 
are accidentally present) ; apud populum 
dicere (when they are present in their po- 
litical capacity, and have the right of decis- 
ion). — This before is also expressed by a 
verb with its case ; as, to rise before one, 
alicui assurgere ; to humble himself before 
one, alicui se submittere. — Before all, 
palam; coram omnibus. TT (denot- 
ing motion or direction forwards, into the 
presence of), ad (to), in (with accus., in- 
to). — To come before one's eyes, in ali- 
cujus conspectum venire. — To bring 
one before a judge, aliquem ad judicem 
adducere ; something, aliquid ad judi- 
cem deferre. — Call one before the court, 

aliquem in jus vocare. TT (denoting 

superiority), ante (of preference or superi- 
ority), prater (more than). — To be before 
Alexander, ante Alexandrumesse. — To 
love one before the rest, aliquem prater 
ceteros amare. — before one, ante- 
cellere alicui. — To prefer athing before 
a thin a- , praponere, anteponere, prafer- 

re, anteferre aliquid alicui rei. 

TI The thing now before us, haec res. 

Before, without case, is often rendered by 
ante or pra in composition : — ante, an- 
tea ; antehac (before this, hitherto) : — 
prius, citius : -in fronte ; ante pectus, in 
pectore : — supra (above). — Go you 
before, I will follow, I pra, sequar. — / 
ought to have declared the matter before, 
oportuit rem pranarrasse me. — You 
must speak before, we afterward, vos prio- 
res esse oportet, nos posterius dicere. 

— To go before, praire, priorem ire. — 
The enemy pressing on them before, quum 
hostis instaret a fronte. — Shortly before, 
paulo ante. — Long before, multo ante, 
ante multo, longe ante. — A few days 
before, paucis ante diebus, paucisdiebus 
ante. He who was consul the year be- 
fore, supericris anr:i consul. — As I have 




said before, ut supra dixi, ut supra dic- 
tum est. — To taste before, praegusta- 
re. — Never before, antehac nunquam, 
nunquam ante nunc diem. TT Be- 
fore, before that {of time), prius quam or 
priusquam, ante quam or antequam, 
antea quam or anteaquam. — Before I 
depart this life, antequam ex hac vita 
migro. — The year before I was censor, 
anno ante me censorem. — The day be- 
fore I wrote these things, pridie quam 
hasc scripsi. — Before any authority came 
fromyou, nondum interposita. auctorita- 

te vestra. 1T Before (beforetime, in 

former time), olim, quondam. 

TT {rather, sooner), potius, citius, prius ; 
{rather than), potius quam, citius quam, 
prius quam. — / will die, before I, &c, 

mori malo, quam, etc. TT {already), 

jam, dudum, jam dudum. 

Beforehand. — To be beforehand with, 
praevenire, antevenire, pravertere, an- 

tevertere, occupare. IT {-previously, 

in advance), ante, pree ; or these words in 
composition with a verb. — To be troubled 
about a thing beforehand, anticipare ali- 
cujus rei molestiam. — To fix or appoint 
beforehand, ante constituere ; prasfinire, 
pra?stituere. — To pay b., inantecessum 
solvere, dare ; ante tempus, ante dictum 
diem solvere : see Advance. — To enjoy 
any thing b., alicujus rei fructum antici- 
pare, aliquid anticipare, praecipere ; gau- 
dia alicujus rei pracipere. — To know 
beforehand, praescire ; the plans of the ene- 
my, consilia hostium praecipere. 

TT {antecedently), ante, antea, antehac. 

IT To be beforehand {as to property), 

opes habere, in bonis esse. 

BEFOUL, inquinare, spurcare, conspur- 
care, fosdare. 

BEFRIEND, alicui favere ; aliquem ju- 
vare, adjuvare ; aliquem fovere ; bene- 
volentiam alicui praestare or in aliquem 
conferre,benevolentia aliquem prosequi. 

BEG {ask, petitionfor), orare, rogare,obse- 
crare ; efflagitare precibus. — To beg 
alms, stipem cogere or colligere ; of one, 
mendicare^r emendicare stipem ab ali- 
quo. IT v. n. mendicare, stipem co- 
gere or colligere. — from house to house, 
ostiatim stipem cogere. — To live by 
begging, mendicando or mendicantem 
vivere"; stipe precaria victitare.— A beg- 
ging, mendicatio {for a thing, alicujus 

rei). IT {take for granted) , temere po- 

nere, fingere. 

Beggar, mendicus ; planus ^avagrantb.). 

— A beggar's wallet, mendici pera. — 
A beggar-woman, mulier mendicans. 

To Beggar, omnibus bonis evertere, ad 
rerum omnium inopiam redigere, ad la- 
mem rejieere. — Fig. beggared {strip- 
ped, destitute), nudatus, inops, expers. 

U His eloquence beggars description, 

supra quam enarrari potest eloquens est. 

Beggarly, egenus, egens, inops, tenuis, 
mendicus; miser; exilis; jejunus. 

Beggary, egestas, mendicitas. — To come 
to 6., ad rerum omnium inopiam or ad 
mendicitatem redigi, ad pudendam pau- 
pertatem delabi. — I arii come to b., 
mihi res ad rastros rediit. — To bring to 
»., ad rerum omnium inopiam redigere, 
omnibus bonis evertere ; — bring him- 
self to &., ad mendicitatem sedetrudere. 

— The bread of beggary, panis or cibus 
mendicatus ; victus precarius ; to eat 
it, mendicantem or mendicando vivere. 

BEGET, procreare, generare, gignere. — 
To beget children by one, liberosex aliqua 
gignere, procreare. — Only begotten, uni- 
ons ; Son {eccles.), filius unigenitus. — 
First begotten, natu major, natu maxi- 
mus ; primogenitus and primum genitus 

do not belong to the golden age. 

IT {produce), creare, excitare, facere. 

BEGIN, incipere, inchoare, ordiri or exor- 
diri; aggredi aliquid or ad aliquid fa- 
ciendum, ingredi aliquid ; instituere 
aliquid ; ccepisse {with infin.) ; initium 
facere, sumere, ponere, {with a thing, ab 
aliqua re) : — v. n. {to begin, take its be- 
ginning), incipere, initium capere ab 
aliqua re, or by the inceptive verb (as, to 
begin to feel pain, condolescere ; to begin 
to burn, ardescere).— To begin something 
anew, aliquid renovare, iterare, redinte"- 
grare, instaurare. — Begin to speak, ini- 
tium dicendi facere, exordior dicere. -/Ze 
begins {to speak, sing), i'ncipit {with or 

without dicere, canere). — They begin to 
ask advice of us, consuli ccepti sumus. 

— They begin throwing the vessels, vasa 
conjici ccepta sunt. — They begin to de- 
part, abire creptum est. — Let the speech 
end where it began, unde est orsa, in eo 
terminetur oratio. — The fever begins, 
incipit febricula. — One division of the 
Oauls begins at the Rhone, Gallorum una 
pars initium capit a flumine Rhodano. 

— The ridge begins at the sea, jugum 
montis a mari surgit. — The year begins 
with cold, annus incipit a frigoribus. — 
To begin his consulship, inire consula- 
tum. — The battle begins, proelium com- 
mittitur. — He began to speak thus, in- 
gressus est sic loqui; again, sic rursus 
exorsus est. — I began to think, subiit 

cogitatio animum. TT {to arise, 

spring), oriri, exoriri, cob'riri, nasci, ex- 

sistere ; erumpere {break out). ft war 

begins, bellum cooritur. — Since the world 
began, post homines natos, post homi- 
num memoriam : ever since, &c, jam 
inde ab ortu naturae. 

Beginner {author), auctor, conditor, mo- 

litor ; concitator. TT {a tiro), ele- 

mentarius {esp. in reading and writing) ; 
tiro, rudis, (in aliqua re) ; {a raw slave), 

Beginning, initium, primum initium 
{first b.), ptincipium ; exordium, pri- 
mordium, ortus, origo ; orsus, exorsus, 
inceptio, {in an act. sense, a beginning of 
a thing) ; tirocinium {first essay). — The 
6. of a speech, exordium, procemium. — 
of a poem, procemium. — of an art, sci- 
ence, elementa, rudimenta, incunabula, 
{the first tioo also with prima, first begin- 
nings). — of a show, commissio. — In, 
at the beginning, initio, ab initio, princi- 
pio, a or in principio ; primo {of time, 
opp. to post) ; a primo. — Often expressed 
by primus, or by verbs .■ thus, in the be- 
ginning of the piece, prima fabula : — in 
the beginning of spring, vere novo ; in-j 
eunte vere {as s. is just beginning) ; vere| 
inito {s. having already begun) : — at the 
beginning of night, prima, nocte, primo 
vespere ; of day, prima luce. — From 
the very beginning, ab ultimo initio. — 
To relate from the, beginning down, ab ul- 
timo initio repetere^ altius ordiri et re 
petere aliquid ; ordine rem omnem nar- 
rare. — From the beginning to the end, a 
carceribus usque ad calcem {proverb). — 
The beginning of the world, principia or 
primordia rerum. — The end follows the 
beginning, principiis consentiunt exi- 

BEGIRD, cingere. IT {surround), cir- 

cumdare, cingere, stipare, circumsepi- 

re ; circumstare. IT {beleaguer), ob- 

sidione claudere, in obsidione tenere, 
operibus cingere. 

BEGONE, abi ! abi hinc ! apage sis ! apa- 
ge te ! 

BEGUILE, decipere (fraude), fallere 
(fraude), alicui imponere, fraude or do- 

lo capere, in errorem inducere. 

TT {evade, escape), fallere, fugere effuge- 

re, avertere IT {pass pleasantly, ichile 

away), tempus or horas fallere aliqua re 
{as, sermonibus, narrando), otium inter 
se terere aliqua re {as, conviviis). 

BEHALF. — In one's behalf {for his sake), 
propter aliquem ; alicujus gratia. — To 
act iti one's behalf, alicui favere, aliquem 

adjuvare. Tf(name). — In behalf of one, 

alicujus verbis, alicujus nomine. — In 
behalf of the state, publice. IT {de- 
fence.) — To appear in court in one's be- 
half {as counsel) , alicui adesse in judi- 
cio ; causam alicujus defendere, dicere. 

— To speak in his own behalf, ipsum pro 
se dicere. 

BEHAVE himself, se gerere. — well, be- 
comingly, honeste se gerere. — manful- 
ly, praestare or praebere se virum. — 
They behaved themselves so, that, &c, ita 
se gerebant, ut, etc. — He behaved him- 
self in that embassy to the satisfaction of 
all, in ea legatione omnibus se probavit. 
-^■Hehad so behaved himself in his consul- 
ship, that, &c, ita gesserat consulatum, 
ut, etc. — To behave himself kindly, 
roughly to any one, aliquem liberaliter 
habere, aspere tractare. — To behave 
himself well in his office, bene provinciam 
administrare. — Behaved, moratus. — 
Well b., Dene moratus, urbanus, huma- 

nua, modestus ; Mb., male moratus, ru- 
dis, agrestis, incultus. 
Behavior, mores, ratio, ratio or modus 
se gerendi, vita, vitae consuetudo. — 
Good behavior, boni mores, vita bene 
morata; urbanitas, humanitas. — Unas- 
suming, modest behavior, modestia. — 
Unbecoming, improper behavior , impuden- 
tia. — Obliging b., liberalitas ; officium. 

— Attentive 6., observantia. — Proud, 
haughty b., superbia, insolentia. — To 
be bound to one's good behavior, ad bene 
se gerendum obligari. — To be on one's 
behavior to any one, alicui obnoxium esse. 
TT {air, bearing), habitus, gestus. — A 
noble 6., ad dignitatem apposita forma et 
species ; in the motion of the body, digni- 
tas motus. IT {elegance, graceful- 
ness), decor, decorum, decentia ; urba- 
nitas, politior humanitas ; elegantia. 

BEHEAD, caput alicujus pracidere {with 
the sword) ; securi ferire or percutere 
{with the axe ; the office of the executioner, 
&cc); decollare {gen. ; in the silver age). 

BEHEST, jussus, jussum, imperium, im- 
peratum, praeceptuin, praescriptum, man- 
datum {commission), edictum. 

BEHIND, pone, post; post tergum; a 
tergo. — Behind one's self, post se ; post 
tergum ; retro {in a backward direction). 

— Taput behind one's self, post se pone- 
re. — To throw behind one's self, rejice- 
re. — To leave one behind, aliquem post 
se relinquere, prcecurrere ; far, aliquem 
procul a se relinquere. — To leave be- 
hind {at death), relinquere ; he left three 
daughters behind, decedens tres filias 
reliquit ; to leave debts behind, ass alie- 
num relinquere. — To leave behind (for- 
sake), derelinquere, relinquere et dese- 
rere {or d. et r.). — The impression a 
thing has left behind, id quod remansit 
in mente. — To have behind, post se ha- 
bere. — To come behind, sequi or subse- 
qui aliquem, post aliquem incedere or 
ingredi ; fig. ab aliquo superari, alicui 
in aliqua re cedere, aliquo or aliqua re 
inferiorem esse, alicui or alicui rei post- 
poni, posthaberi ; posteriores ferre. — 
Behind the mountain, ad terga montis. — 
Behind one's back, post tergum ; (fig.), 
clam aliquo, aliquo inscio, aliquo ab- 
sente ; — to speak ill of one behind his back, 
absentis famam laedere, absenti male 
loqui. — To attack one (from) behind, a 
tergo aggredi, invadere. — To kick be- 
hind, recalcitrare, calces remittere. — 
Close behind, secundum (the car, au- 
rem). — There they are, behind the temple 
of Castor, pone aedem Castoris ibi sunt. 

— You lay lurking behind the sedge, tu 
post carecta latebas. — To look behind 
one's self, respicere (to something, aliquid 
or ad aliquid ; respectare aliquid). — To 

stay behind, remanere. TT Behind (out 

of sight, behind the curtain), obscurus, ob- 
scurior, reconditus, in recondito. — There 
is some evil behind, aliquid mali subest. — 
To be behind, i. e. left, remaining, reli- 
quum esse, relinqui, restare, superesse. 

— I desire to hear all that is behind, reli- 
qua cupio scire omnia. — What remains 
now behind ? quid nunc porro ? — Is 
there any mere mischief yet behind 1 num- 
quid est aliud mali reliquum ? — There is 
one work yet behind, units superest labor. 

Behindhand. — To be behindhand (as to 
property), attritis esse facultatibus, in 
rei familiaris angustiis esse, re familia- 
ri comminutum esse ; in rere alieno es- 
se, aere alieno premi ; ad inopiam redac- 
tum, aere alieno demersum or obrutum 
esse. — To be behindhand (i. e. in ar- 
rears), reliquari. — Behindhand (back- 
ward, tardy), piger, tardus. — He is go- 
in v behindhand (as to learning), non di3- 
cit, sed dediscit; (as to property), res 
ejus deteriore loco sunt. — Tobe behind- 
hand with one, posteriorem esse aliquo, 
ab aliquo post se relinqui. 

BEHOLD, conspicere, aspicere ; specta- 
re, aspectare, spectatorem esse, contem- 
plari, intueri, contueri. — all over, ocu- 
lis collustrare or perlustrare. — atten- 
tively, intentis oculis contemplari. — at 
a distance, prospicere, prospectare. — be- 
low, despicere. — with unblenching eye, 
rectis oculis intueri or aspicere. — 
Simply, to see, videre ; distinctly, cerne- 
r e. — the games to the end, ludos perspec- 
tare or usque ad finem spectare 




TT Behold ! ecce, en, (both commonly with 
the nomin. ; aspice (look at), etc. — But 
behold a small epistle! ecce autem pusilla 
epistola ! — Behold your letter ! (see, ther 
comes your letter!) ecce liters tuae ! — 
Behold him here ! eccum adest ! — Behold 
the man I sought ! eccum quem quaere 
bam ! — Behold the cause ! en causa ! — 
Behold the reason zohij the rest believe! en 
cur ceteri arbitrentur, etc. — Behold 
here he is! en hie est ille ! 

Beholder, qui videt, aspicit, etc. ; specta 

BEHOLDEN. — To be beholden to one, ali 
cui obnoxium esse, alicujus beneficiis 
obligatum esse. — To make beholden tt 
one's self, aliquem sibi obligare, ob 
stringere, devincire ; (by something, ali- 
qua re). — He is beholden to me for his 
life, mini vitam suam refert acceptam. 

— I ambeholden to them, bene de me me- 
riti sunt. — I am very much beholden to 
him, ego illi plurimum debeo. — You 
have made me more beholden to you, obli- 
gatiorem me tibi reddidisti. — A face be- 
holden to no gems, facies nullis obnoxia 

BEHOOVE, or BEHOVE. - It behooves, 
oportet, decet, convenit; meuin, tuum, 
etc., est. 

Behoof, usus, commodum. — In his own 
behoof, in suam gratiam. — It is of no 
behoof, nihil prodest. 

BEING. See Be. 

BELABOR, aliquem verberibus caedere, 
fusti verberare, aliquem pulsare, pugnis 
contundere, mulcare. 

BELATED, serus, nocte oppressus. — 
You are belated, serus or sero venis. 

BELCH, ructare. — Belch out, eructare, 

Belch, subst. ructus. 

BELDAM, anus, vetula. TT (hag), ve- 


BELEAGUER, obsidere, in obsidione ha- 
bere or tenere, obsidione claudere. — 
To be beleacruered, in obsidione esse. 

BELFRY. See Bell. 

BELIE (counterfeit), imitari, imitando ex- 

primere or effingere ; mentiri (poet.). 

TT (give the lie to), mendacii coarguere. 

TT (misrepresent), depravare rem 

narrando. IT (calumniate), criminari, 

de fama or existimatione alicujus detra- 

BELIEVE, credere alicui or alicui rei, 
fidem habere alicui or alicui rei. — I be- 
lieve firmly, mini persuasum est, persua- 
sum habeo. — I cannot be brought to be- 
lieve this, I cannot or can hardly believe 
this, hoc quidem non adducor, ut cre- 
dam ; non facile adducar ad creden- 
dum. — / can hardly believe, that, illuc 
adduci vix possum, ut, etc. — / cannot 
believe, but that, non possum in animum 
inducere, quin, etc. — I am more inclined 
to believe, magis, ut arbitrer (foil, by ace. 
and infin.), inclinat animus. — To be- 
lieve in a thing, aliquid esse credere, ar- 
bitrari (to be of opinion, think) ; in a Ood, 
deum esse credere : —also, credere de re ; 
in ghosts, credere de umbris. — To be- 
lieve a person or thing, alicui rei or ali- 
cui credere, fidem habere, tribuere ; ali- 
cui rei (not alicui) fidem adjungere. — 
dreams, somniis credere, fidem adjunge- 
re. — Believe me, quod mini credas ve- 
lim ; mihi crede,crede mini. — I believe 
(thrown in. between the parts of a sentence), 
credo, opinor, puto. — As I believe, mei 
quidem opinione, ut ego existimo, (as I 
take it) ; ut mihi videtur (as it seems to 
me) ; quomodo mihi persuadeo (as I am 
persuaded). — I believe it (by way of as- 
sent ,, credo. — More than any one will 
believe, supra quam cuipiam credibile 
est. — It is not to be believed, credibile 
non est, incredibile est, fidem excedit. 

— Who can believe it ? quis credat ? in- 
credibile est. — To make believe (cause 
the belief), opinionem alicujus rei prae- 
bere ; (assume, put on), simulare, assi- 
mulare ; that he is learned, simulare se 
doctum esse, simulare doctrinam ; that 
he is sick, simulare eegrum, assimulare 
se aegrum ; / will make believe that I go 
out, simulabo, assimulabo, quasi exeam. 

TT (to profess a certain doctrine). — 

To believe in Christ, Christum or veram 
Christi doctrinam sequi ; Christianas 
legis studiosum esse. 

Belief, fides (assured belief) ; opinio 
(opinion, view); persuasio (firm convic- 
tion). — The universal belief about a 
thing, omnium opinio de re. — A 
belief that poison had been administer- 
ed by some one, persuasio veneni ab ali- 
quo accepti. — According to my belief, 
ut ego existimo, meet quidem opinione, 
ut mihi quidem videtur. — The common 
belief, that, &c, vulgata opinio, qua cre- 
ditur, etc. — Easy of belief, credulus. — 
Hard of belief, incredulus.— Past belief, 
incredibilis ; incredibile quantum, supra 
quam credibile est.— Worthy of belief, fide 
dignus, fidus, certus, bonus, locuples, 

luculentus : credibilis; probabilis TT(i» 

an ecclesiastical sense), fides (belief, faith); 
doctrina, formula, lex, (objectively, doc- 
trine, profession, law), lex Christiana ; 
religio (religion gen. ; as, religio Chris- 
tiana). — To fight for his b., pro religio- 
nibus suis pugnare (defend it loith the 
sword) ; pro religionibus suis bellum 
(or -a) suscipere. 

Believer, qui veram Christi doctrinam 
sequitur ; qui alicujus (e. g. Muham- 
medi) doctrinam sequitur. — The Be- 
lievers, Veram Christi doctrinam se 

quentes, Christianas legis studiosi. 

IT (gen.), qui alicui rei fidem habet or 

BELIKE, haud scio an, nescio an, quan- 
tum opinione auguror, ut opinor, utmea 
fert opinio, credo 5 forsitan (with subj.), 

BELL, campana, campanula (little b.) ; 
tintinnabulum (door-bell, house-bell) ; in 
many cases aes may be used. — The bell 
rings, tintinnabulum or aes tinnit, so- 
nat ; sonat campana, aes sacrorum. — 
Bell-founder, campanarum fusor. — Bell- 
metal, aes campanarum. — Bell-ringer, 
agitator campanae (campanulas) ; qui ass 
agitat ; (sexton), aedituus. — To ring the 
door-bell, agitare tintinnabulum forium. 

— Bell-fashioned, in formam campanae 
redactus. — Bell-flower, campanula. — 
Bell-wether, vervex dux gregis. — To 
bear the bell, palmam ferre. 

Belfry, trabium compages, in qua cam- 
pana pendet. 

Belman, praeco. 

BELLE, puella or mulier pulchra, formo- 

BELLOW, mugire, mugitus edere. — A 
bellowinv, mugitus. 

BELLOWS, follis. — A smith's bellows, 
follis fabrilis. 

BELLY, venter, alvus, abdomen ; uterus 

(womb). % pot-belly, venter promissus 

or projectus. — A big belly, venter obe- 
sus, ventris obesitas. — Big-bellied, ven- 
triosus or ventruosus or ventrosus. — 
Belly-pains, belly-ache, tormina ; stro- 
phus ; colicus dolor, colon, (colic-pains, 
colic). — That has such, colicus. — Apt 
to have the belly-ache, torminosus. — A 
belly-band, cingulum. — Belly-timber, ci- 
baria. — A belly-god, abdomini suo 
natus, ventri deditus, ganeo, heluo, 
homo profunda? guise, Epicuri de grege 
porcus. — A belly-full, satietas. — Belly- 
bound, alvo dura or astricta. — Bdly- 
pinched, fame enectus, confectus. — 

Belly-worm, lumbricus. IT The belly 

of a cask, dolii uterus or venter. — of a 
wall, muri venter. — Big-bellied, lato 
utero (a cask, for instance). 

To Belly, prominere, turgere, tume- 
re ; tumescere, extumescere ; impleri 

BELONG to (be the property of), esse ali- 
cujus, aliquis possidet aliquid. — This 
book belongs to me, hie liber est meus. — 
To whom belong these sheep 7 cuj urn pe- 
dis?— to Melibauss, est Meliboei. — - 
IT (to be the part or business of), esse ali- 
cujus. — It belongs to me to do this, me- 
um est hoc facere. — That belongs not 
to my office, non est mei muneris. — To 
belong to another judge, ad aliumjudi- 

cem pertinere. IT (to be due), alicui 

deberi ; alicui tribuendum esse. 

IT (to appertain to, relate to), pertinere ad 
aliquid; spectare ad aliquid; referri, 
referendum esse ad aliquid : (be under 
the dominion of), alicujus juris esse, in 
alicujus ditione esse, sub imperio alicu- 
jus esse ; (be one of), esse ex. — to a 
happy life, ad beate vivendum pertinere. 

— to any one's race, ortum esse ex alicu- 


jus stirpe. — He belongs among my 
friends, est ex meis domesticis. — To 
what party do you belong? cujus partis 
estis? IT To belong (have its place). 

— These vessels belong in the kitchen, haec 
vasa locum suum habent in culina. 

— This belongs elsewhere (to say, &c), 
hoc non hujus loci est ; hoc alienum, 
hoc sejunctum est a re propositi*. 

BELOVED, dilectus, amatus, cams, gra- 

BELOW, prep, sub, subter, infra. — Below 
the moon all is mortal, infra lunam nihil 
est nisi mortale. — He reclined below Eu- 
trapelus, infra Eutrapelum aceubuit. 

IT (in rank or merit), infra. — To be 

below one, infra aliquem esse, inferio- 
rem esse aliquo, alicui cedere. — in a 
thing, aliqua re ab aliquo vinci. — /{ is 
below one's dignity, est infra alicujus 
dignitatem. — the majesty of a prince, 

inferius majestate principis est. 

IT (less in quantity and value), intra ; mi- 
nor (with abl.). 

Below, adv. infra ; subter. — Respecting 
this, see below (in a book), de hac re vi- 
deatur infra. — Further below (lower 
down), inferius ; inferior. — To be situ- 
ated on the river further below, ad inferio- 
rem fluminis partem situm esse. — 
They cross over below, infra or inferiore 
parte trajiciunt. — From below, ab in- 
feriore parte ; ab imo; ex inferiori loco 

(e.g. dicere). TT (in the lower world), 

apud inferos. — The world below, inferi, 

loca inferna. TT Here below, his in 

terris ; hac in vita. 

BELT (girdle), cingulum, zona ; cestus 

(magicb. of Venus). IT (for a sword), 


BEMIRE, inquinare cceno or luto. 

BEMOAN, deplorare, defiere. 

BENCH, scamnum, scabellum (little, b.) ; 
sedes, sedile, (seat, gen.); subsellium (at 
the theatre or the courts) ; transtrum (of 

rowers ; commonly in pi.). TT (table or 

stand of an artisan), mensa. — A butch- 
er's bench, laniena. TT The bench of 

judges, consessus. 

BEND, flectere, inflectere ; curvare, in- 
curvare. — To bend downwards, deflecte- 
re. — upwards, sursum flectere. — in- 
wards, inflectere. — backwards, reflecte- 
re or retroflectere, recurvare. — side- 
ways, obliquare. — To bend, v. n. flecti, 
se flectere, inflecti ; curvari, incurvari, 
incurvescere. — Bent, bending, inflexus, 
incurvus ; backwards, recurvatus, recur- 
vus. — To bend a boio, arcum intendere, 
contendere. — Easy to bend, flexibilis. 

TT (move, affect), flectere, movere. 

TT (depress, break), frangere, depri- 

inere. TT (direct any whither), dirige- 

re (ad aliquid), convertere (in aliquid). 

— All eyes are bent on you, omnium ocu- 

li in te sunt conjecti. TT (apply). — 

the mind, the thoughts, &.C, to any thing, 
animum ad aliquid attendere, adjicere, 
applicare ; cogitationes in aliquid in- 
tendere, omni cogitatione ferri ad ali- 
quid. — Bent (intent), attentus, intentus ; 

(resolutely), obstinatus. TT v. n. — 

To bend to one, submittere se alicui, 
supplicem esse alicui. — Old age bending 
to the grave, aetas grandior or declinata. 

— Their hope bending neither way, neu- 
tro inclinata spes. 

Bending (the act), curvatio, incurvatio, 
flexio, inflexio. 

Bending, Bend (as a situation, direction), 
curvamen ; curvitas, aduncitas ; curva- 
tura, flexura ; flexus ; anfractus ; si- 

Bent, subst. (See Bend, subst.) TT (side 

of a hill), fastigium; declivitas (down- 
toard slope), acclivitas (upward slope). 

TT (strain, of the powers), contentio. 

TT (inclination, will), inclinatio animi or 
voluntatis, voluntas, animus, studium, 
impetus animi ; consilium, certum con- 
silium, animus certus. TT (turn, 

make, way), conformatio, forma ; natura, 
ingenium ; modus, ratio, consuetudo. 

BENEATH. See Below. 

BENEDICTION, bona omina ; sollemnes 

BENEFACTOR, beneficiorum auctor. — 
of any one, qui beneficia in aliquem con- 
fert or contulit, qui beneficiis aliquem 
affecit, auxit. 

Benefaction, beneficium. 




BENEFICE, beneficium. — A beneficed 
man, beneficiarius. 

BENEFICENT, beneficus, benignus, li- 
beral is. 

Beneficence, beneficentia, liberalitas, 

BENEFIT, beneficium. — To confer a b. 
on one, beneficium alicui dare, tribuere, 
in aliquem conferre or deferre ; benefi- 
cio aliquem afficere ; benefacere alicui. 

— Your benefits to me, tua in me officia, 
tua erga me merita. — As a benefit, pro 

beneficio ; in beneficii loco. 1T (use, 

advantage), utilitas, us us ; commodum, 

To Benefit, mederi, levare, sublevare, 
juvare, adjuvare ; utilem esse, ex usu 
esse, usui esse, prodesse, saluti esse. 

IT v. n. To benefit by a thing-, in rem 

suain convertere aliquid, fructum cape- 
re ex re. 

Beneficial, utilis, efiicax, salutaris, sa- 
luber. — To be b., utilem esse, usni esse, 
ex usu esse, prodesse, conducere alicui 
or in or ad aliquam rem, e re (alicujus) 

Beneficially, utiliter, salubriter, com- 
mode, bene. 

BENEVOLENT, benevolus (alicui), hu- 
manus, benignus, liberalis, beneficus. 

Benevolence, caritas generis humani, 
humanitas, benignitas, beneficentia. 

BENIGHT (darken), obscurare ; tenebras 
offundere, obducere ; noctem offunde- 

re. IT Benighted (overtaken by night), 

nocte oppressus. 

BENIGN, benignus, humanus, liberalis, 
amicus, beneficus. 

Benignity, benignitas, liberalitas, huma- 
nitas, beneficentia. 

Benignly, benigne, humane, humaniter, 

BENUMB, torporem afterre alicui rei, tor- 
pore hebetare aliquid ; obstupefacere. — 
Benumbed, rigidus, rigens ; torpidus, 
obstupefactus. — To be benumbed, rigi- 
dum esse, rigere, torpere, torpidum es- 
se ; stupere. — To become so, rigescere, 
obrigescere, torpescere, obtorpescere, 
stupescere, obstupescere. — The hand is 
benumbed, inaniis obtorpuit. — Mu eyes 
were benumbed, torpuerant genae dolore. 

— To become b. with fear, prae metu ob- 

BEQUEATH, legare. — a legacy to one, 
alicui legatum scribere. — the greatest 
part of his property to one, aliquem here- 
dem ex asse instituere. — his whole 
property, aliquem heredem omnibus bo- 
nis instituere. — He who bequeaths, lega- 
tor. — To whom something is bequeathed, 

BEQ.UEST, legatum. 

BEREAVE, privare aliquem aliqua re; 
spoliare (and more- strongly despoliare, 
exspoliare) aliquem or aliquid, or ali- 
quem re ; eripere alicui aliquid ; detra- 
here alicui aliquid or (more rarely) ali- 
quid de aliquo ; orbare aliquem aliqua 
re (of something dear ; of children, so also 
of hope, &c.) ; multare aliquem re (as a 
punishment). — Bereft, orbus, orbatus, 
etc. ; — of his children, liberis orbatus ; 

— of ■understanding, mente captus ; — 
of hope, spe orbatus ; wholly, spe dejec- 

Bereavement, Bereaving, privatio, spo- 
liatio, orbatio. 

BERGAMOT (pear),pirum Falernum. 

BERRY, bacca, baccula (little b.) ; acinus 
(of those which grow in clusters). — Bay- 
berry, bacca lauri. — Blackberry, morum 
rubi, rubum. — Bilberry plant, vac- 
cinium myrtillus (L.) ; the berry, bacca 
myrtilli. — Bearing berries, baccatus, 

BERYL, bervllus; chrysoberyllus (o-olden 

BESEECH, implorare,obsecrare, obtesta- 
ri, exposcere, supplicare, orare. 

BESEEM, decere aliquem, convenire ali- 
cui. See Become.- 

BESET, obsidere, circum sedere, obsidio- 
nem (urbi) inferre, operibus cingere, 
oppugnare, oppugnatione prernere, cir- 

cumvenire. 11 (harass, vex), vexa- 

re, agitare, exagitare. — To beset with 
entreaties, precibus fatigare. — with let- 
ters, inquiries, obtundere Uteris, rogi- 

tando. 11 (embarrass), in angustias 

pellere or compellere ; urgere, prernere ; 

includere (especially in a debate). — 

— To be hard beset, in angustias adduc- 
tum esse, in angustiis esse or versari. 

— Very hard beset, ad incitas redactus. 
BESHREW, exsecrari aliquem or in ali- 
quem, male precari alicui. — Beshrew 
me, Dii me perdant. 

BESIDE, BESIDES, prep, (nigh to, by the 
side of), juxta, prope, propter, secun- 
dum, prater ; ad latus alicujus. — To 
sit beside one, ad alicujus latus sedere. 

— To walk beside one, a latere alicujus 
incedere. — To recline beside one, alicui 
accubare. — Two sons lying beside their 
father, duo filii propter patrem cuban- 
tes. — The princes stood beside the king, 
principes adstabant regi. — To build be- 
side the river, secundum flumen aedifi- 
care. 1\(over and above), pragter ; ex- 
tra, pr.neterquam; nisi. — Nobody thinks 
so beside myself, hoc nemini pragter me 

videtur. IT (not according to, from), 

ab. — Beside the purpose, ab re. — This 
is beside the subject, hoc nihil ad rem. 

■ ^ To be beside himself, sui or mentis 

non pompotem esse, non compotem esse 
animo, (e. g. prae gaudio,/o?- joy); non 
apud se esse, mente captum esse. 

Beside, Besides, adv. praeterea, ad hoc, 
ad haec, secundum ea, accedit, accedit 
quod, hue accedit quod, insuper, ultra, 
porro. — Besides, that, praeterquam quod, 
super quam quod. — There were many 
things beside, which, &c, multa erant 
praeter haec, quae, etc. — Except the cap- 
tain and a few beside, extra ducem pau- 
cosque praeterea. — And then besides, the 
dowry is lost, turn prasterea, dos periit. 

S.nd besides, my wife would hear of it, 

atque id porro uxor mea rescisceret. — 
Besides that he was old, he was also blind, 
ad senectutem accedebat etiam, ut cae- 
cus esset. — Besides I love my father, ac- 
cedit quod patrem amo. 

BESIEGE, obsidere (lay siege to), obsidio- 
nem (urbi) inferre, operibus cingere ; 
(hold in blockade), obsidere, in obsidione 
habere or tenere. — The besieged, obsessi, 
circumsessi, obsidione pressi. 

Besieger, obsessor, obsidens, (one who 
blockades) ; oppugnator (who attacks, 
storms a city). 

BESMEAR, linere, oblinere, perlinere, 
ungere, perungere. 

BESOM, scopae. 

BESOT, infatuare, occaecare. — Besotted, 
fatuus, vecors, socors ; amens, de- 

BESPATTER, aspergere aliqua re. 

BESPEAK, curari or accurari jubere ; 
inandare. — —IT (forebode), portendere. 
IT (indicate), indicare, indicio or in- 
dicium esse, significare. 

BE3PEW, convomere. 

BESPIT, conspuere, consputare. 

BESPREAD, spargere, conspergere ; ster- 
nere, consternere. 

BESPRINKLE, spargere, conspergere. 

BEST, optiinus (gen.) : pulcherrimus 
(finest); jucundissimus, suavissimus, 
(most agreeable) ; lsetissimus (most joy- 
ful) : excellentissimus, praestantissi- 
mus, (most distinguished, most perfect) ; 
saluberrimus (most loholesome) ; commo- 
dissimiis (most suitable, convenient) ; uti- 
lissimus (most profitable). — The best (of) 
meal, fios farinne. — The best of the youth, 
flos (ac robur) juventutis. — The best 
years (of life), fios astatis, stas florens. 

— Things are not in the best state, haud 
la?ta est rerum facies. — To the best of 
my remembrance, ut nunc maxime me- 
mini, ut mea memoriaest. — Tothebest 
of my power, pro viribus, quantum in me 
situm est, ut potero. — What think you is 
best to be clone? quid faciendum censes ? 

— They knew not what was best to do, 
nesciebant quid praestaret. — To do his 
best, summa\ ope anniti ; omni ope atque 
opera, eniti, ut, etc. ; nihil inexpertum 
omittere. — It is best for you to be si- 
lent, optime tacueris. — To put the best 
construction upon, in meliorem (mitio- 
rem) partem accipere or interpretari. — 
To make the best of every thing, lucrum 
undecumque captare, utilitatem in om- 
nibus rebus sectari. — My best friend! 
optime ! carissime ! — At best, sum- 
mum, ad summum, quum plurimum. 

IT Best, adv. optime, etc. — Best of all 

(chiefly), potissime,potissimum. —Best, 

beyond compai-ison, tam bene, ut nihil 

BESTIAL. See Beastly, Brutal. 

BESTIR one's self, movere se (of the 
body) ; expergisci ; omnes nervos inten- 
dere. — Not to b. one's self (sit idle), de- 
sidem sedere. — Not to b. one's self much 
in a thing, levi brachio agere aliquid. ' 

BESTOW" (confer, give), dare, tribuere, 
conferre, impertire, donare, dono dare, 
largiri. — a benefit upon one, beneficium 
collocare apud aliquem, alicui dare or 
tribuere, conferre in aliquem. — rich 
presents on one, muneribus magnis cu- 

mulare aliquem. IT (lay out, apply), 

insumere, impendere, consumere, loca- 
te, collocare, conferre. — time on some- 
thing, tempus conterere, consumere in 
re. — care, diligence on something, in ali- 
qua re diligentiam adhibere, mdustri- 
am locare, studium collocare. — time 
well, tempus bene locare or collocare. — 
money better, pecuniam melius insume- 
re. IT (give (a woman) in marriage), 

collocare in matrimonium, collocare ; 
nuptum dare, locare or collocare. — To 
bestow one's self (of a woman), alicui nu- 
bere ; (of a man), aliquam ducere in ma- 
trimonium or ducere. IT (place, lay, 

put away), ponere, reponere, condere ; 

BESTRIDE, cruribus divaricatis super 

aliquid stare. IT (step over), trans- 

gredi. — the threshold, intrare limen. 

BET, subst. sponsio (the wager) ; pignus 
(the stake), -r* To make a bet, sponsio- 
nem facere (with one, cum aliquo). — 
To win a bet, sponsionem or sponsione 
vincere. — To lay any bet, quovis pigno- 
re certare. 

Bet, v. sponsionem facere (cum aliquo), 
pignore certare or contendere (cum ali- 
quo). — To bet something, aliquid in pig- 
nus dare. — Say what you will bet me, 
tu die, quo pignore mecum certes. 

BETAKE himself to any place, se conferre 
aliquo, petere locum, capessere locum j 
concedere aliquo (retire to a place) ; 
ire, proficisci aliquo, (go, travel any 
whither). — to a person, se conferre, ac- 
cedere ad aliquem ; adire, convenire 
aliquem. — to the country, rus ire, conce- 
dere rus. — He betook himself to Argos to 
dwell there, Argos habitatum concessit. 

IT (fly to, have recourse to), fugere, 

confugere, perfugere, refugere, ad or in 
locum ; se recipere aliquo (to retreat to). 

— a person or thing, perfugere, confu- 
gere, refugere ad aliquem or aliquid ; 

alicujus rei perfugio uti. IT (apply 

to), se conferre ad aliquid, animum ad 
aliquid attendere, adjicere, applicare; 
cogitationes ad aliquid dirigere, ad or in 
aliquid intendere. 

BETHINK himself, reminisci alicujus rei 
or aliquid ; memoriam rei repetere, re- 
vocare ; res mihi redit in memoriam, 
venit mihi in mentem res, rei, de re ; 
resipiscere, ad se redire, se colligere. — 
To bethink himself better, sententiam mu- 
tare, a sua sentential discedere ; pceni- 
tet ; consilium mutare. 

BETIDE. See Befall. 

BETIMES, mature, tempestive. 

IT (soon), brevi (tempore), mox, jam 

jamque, 1T Betimes in the morning, 

bene mane. 

BETOKEN, indicare, indicium or indi- 
cio esse, significare. IT (foretoken), 

portendere, praenuntiare, alicujus rei 
esse praenuntium. 

BETRAY (to enemies), prodere, tradere. 
IT (leave in the lurch), destituere. 

IT (reveal, disclose), .prodere (as, 

crimen vultu, conscios, furem) ; enun- 
tiare (as, commissa ; to one, alicui); de- 
ferre aliquid or de aliqua re (as an in- 
former ; to one, ad aliquem) ; proferre 

(as, secreta animi, consilia). — To be- 
tray one's self, se prodere Your voice 

betrays you, te voce noscito, te ex voce . 

cognosco. IT (to be the mark of), 

esse (with gen.). — It betrays a dull brain 
to, Sec, est tardi ingenii (with infin.). 

IT (to lead away), aliquem in or ad 

aliquam rem inducere, illicere, pellice- 

Betrayer, proditor. 

BETROTH, spondere alicui aliquam, de- 
spondere alicui aliquam (despondere is 
used also of the father of the man, Terent. 




And. I, 1, 75). — To betroth one's self, 
sponsalia facere. — to a woman, despon- 
dere sibi aliquam. — To be betrothed to a 
man, alicui desponderi. — She was al- 
ready betrothed to the youth, jam destinata 
erat juveni. # man betrothed, sponsus. 

— (Awoman) betrothed to a man, sponsa, 
desponsa alicui. — The parties betrothed, 
sponsi. — To whom Laviniawas betrothed, 
cui Lavinia pacta fuerat. • 

BETTER, as to the outward sense, melior ; 
pulchrior {more beautiful) ; ; jucundior, 
suavior, (more agreeable) ; ltetior (more 
joyful). — Better times, tempora laetiora, 
feliciora. — weather, tempestas laetior, 

ccelum mitius. TT In respect of the 

nature, destination, object, and also the 
use of a thing, melior; potior, superior; 
praestantior, prsestabilior ; opportunior, 
commodior, magis idoneus, (more suita- 
ble, convenient) ; salubrior (more whole- 
some) ; utilior (more useful, prof table). — 
To be better in something than another, vin- 
cere, superare, prastare aliquem aliqua 
re. — To make better, corrigere (wholly) ; 
emendare (it may be, in part) ; (see To 
Better). — We are better off, meliore 
sumus conditione, meliore loco sunt res 
nostras. — It is better, melius or satius 
est, praestat. — To have a better opinion 
of one, melius, asquiusjudicarede aliquo. 

TT(i7i a moral view), melior, potior, 

prasstabilior. — To be better, meliorein, 
praeferendum esse ; prmstare, antecelle- 
re. — To become b., meliorem fieri, ad 
bonam frugem se recipere, se colligere, 

in viam redire. IT (as to health, <fcc), 

melior. — I am better, melius mini fit ; 
melius me habeo ; meliiiscule (some- 
what better) mihi est. — / become better, 

convalesco, sanitatem recipio. IT At 

a better pace, citius. 

Better, adv. melius, etc. — Somewhat bet- 
ter, meliuscule. — The thing begins to 
go on better, res melius ire incipit. — To 
attend better, diligentius attendere. — 
To think better of one, asquius, benigni- 
us judicare de aliquo. — To knoio better, 
rectius scire, nosse, intelligere. 

The Better (the advantage, superiority). 

— The Romans had the better in the less 
important battles, parvis prceliis Eoinana 
res superior erat. — To get, have the 
better, aliquem vincere, superare ; su- 
periorem fieri ; superiorem or victorem 
discedere ; superiorem fieri bello (in 
the war). — The patricians had the better 
of it, victoria penes patres erat. — Anger 
had the better of pity, plus ira quam mise- 
ricordia valebat. 

Betters, superiores loco or dignitate, or 

To Better, melius facere or effice re, cor- 
rigere, emendare. — To better his ways, 
mores suos mutare, in viam redire, ad 
bonam frugem se recipere. — his cir- 
cumstances, amplificare fortunam, auge- 
re opes. — His circumstances are bettered, 
ejus res sunt meliore loco. — That may 
be bettered, emendabilis, sanabilis. — 
Past bettering, insanabilis. IT (ad- 
vance), augere, am pi i ore m facere. 

BET WEEN, inter.— Between the city and 
the Tiber, inter urbem ac Tiberim. — 
Between hope and fear, inter spem me- 
tumque. IT Also by other turns of ex- 
pression. -Between the armies lay abridge, 
pons in medio erat. — To see all above, 
beneath, between, omnia supera, infera, 
media videre. — A plain lies between the 
city and the river, planities urbem et flu- 
vium dirimit. — A space between, inter- 
vallum, spatium interjectum ; tempus 
interjectum. — The nose set between the 
eyes, nasus oculis interjectus. — There 
is a friendship between you and him, tibi 
cum illo amicitia est, intercedit illi te- 
cum amicitia. — Many words passed be- 
tween us, multa verba ultro citroque ha- 
bita sunt. — To make a distinction between 
two things, duas res discernere.— Between 
ourselves, quod inter nos liceat dicere : — 
this is between ourselves, haec te tecum 
habeto, hoc tibi soli dictum puta. — 
Between whiles, interdum ; identidem. 

BEVERAGE, potus, potio. 

BEVY, grex. TT (company), caterva, 

circulus, grex, globus. 

BEWAIL, deplorare, lamentari ; complo- 
rare (esp. of several), deflere, de aliqua 
re flere, alicui rei illacrimari. 

BEWARE, cavere (sibi), praacavere. — If 
you are wise, you will beware of him, si sa- 
pis, ilium cavebis. — To beware that one 
does not hurt you, cavere aliquem. — You 
' must beware of him, tibi ab isto caven- 
dum. — Beware how you believe, cave 
credas. — They beware of something, ca- 
vetur aliquid. — Beware what you do, 
vide quid agas. — Beioare of an inquisi- 
tive person, percunctatorem fugito. 

BEWITCH, fascinare, effascinare ; in- 
cantare (by spells). — An eye bewitches 
my lambs, oculus mihi fascinat agnos. 

IT Fig. capere, rapere, delinire, 


BEWRAY. See Betray, Show. 

BEYOND (with motion in a certain direction) , 
trans ; super. — To go beyond, transire, 

transgredi. IT (on the other side), 

trans ; ultra (prep, and adv.). — One that 
is beyond, qui trans aliquid est, ulterior. 

— I was beyond sea, trans mare fui. — 
Beyond this villa is another, ultra hanc 
villam est alia. — Beyond the sea, trans 

mare, transmarinus. IT (more 

than, above), supra ; plus, amplius. 

— Beyond ten thousand, supra decern 
millia, amplius decern millia. — There 
is nothing beyond wisdom, sapientia 
nihil praestantius. — To honor any one 
beyond all others, aliquem primo loco 
habere, ponere ; aliquem praeter ceteros 
omnes colere. — Beyond due measure, 
supra mod urn. — Beyond what is suffi- 
cient, ultra quam satis est ; — is credi- 
ble, supra quam credibile est. — To 
go beyond (surpass, excel), superare, 
prcestare, antecellere. — JYothing can go 
beyond, nihil ultra potest, nihil potest 
supra or supra potest. — Do not aim at 
zohat is beyond your reach, ne sutor ultra 
crepidam. — Beyond his strength, supra 
vires. — To go beyond his strength, vires 
excedere. — Beyond all doubt, sine ulla 
dubitatione. — Splendid beyond description, 
supra quam ut describi possit eximius. 

BIAS, momentum. TT (inclination), 

inclinatio animi or voluntatis. 

To Bias, inclinare. — To bebiased infavor 
of the Stoics (to incline to their side), in- 
clinare se ad Stoicos. — Biased infavor 
of the Carthaginians, ad Pcenos inclina- 
tion — The judge is biased in our favor, 
judex inclinatione voluntatis propendet 
in nos. — To be biased (prejudiced), opi- 
nione pragjudicata. duci. 

BIB, stibst. (for a child's breast), cinctus or 
fascia pectoralis infantum. 

BIB, v. (to drink), potare, bibere ; sorbilla- 
re (sip). — Always bibbing, bibax. 

Bibber, potor, potator. 

BIBLE, biblia (-orum), literae divina?, li- 
bri divini. 

BIBULOUS, bibulus. 

BICKER, velitari ; minutis proeliis inter 

se pugnare. IT (quarrel), inter se 

altercari, rixari, jurgiis certare. 

IT (quiver), coruscare, tremere. 

Bickering, prcelium leve, levius, parvu- 
lum ; pugna concursatoria, procursatio ; 

— (brawl), jurgium, rixa. 

BID (invite), invitare or vocare. — to sup- 
per, invitare or vocare aliquem (ad coe- 
nam). — to my house, aliquem invito do- 
mum meam. IT (command, order), 

jubere, imperare, praecipere, dicere, 
mandare. — If you would have done as I 
bade you, si meum imperium exsequi 
voluisses. — You hadbest do as Ibidyou, 
tu fac ut dixi, si sapis. — Do as he shall 
bid you, quod imperabit, facito. — Run 
and bid the woman come hither, curre, mu- 

lierem arcesse. TT (to bid at a sale), 

licere, licitari, licitationem facere. — To 
bid against one, aliquo licente contra lice- 
ri.— To bid anas, liceri asse.— To bid up- 
ow,aliquid liceri.— Fig. to bid fair, promit- 
tere aliquem oraliquid; spem facere, dare 
alicujus rei ; aliquid sperare jubere, bene 

de se sperare jubere. IT (proclaim), 

pronuntiare. TT (denounce), denunti- 

are. — Bid defiance to a person, pro vocare 
aliquem (challenge); contumacem esse 
in aliquem ; alicui resistere. — a thing, 
contumacem esse adversus aliquid (e.g. 
imperia patris) ; contumaciter spernere 
(e.g. imperia validiorum) ; contemnere 
aliquid (e. g. omnia jura humana) ; ob- 
viam ire alicui rei, se offerre alicui rei, 

(e. g. periculis). H I bid one welcome, 

aliquem salvere jubeo, alicui salutem 

do, benigne aliquem excipio. —To bid 
good morrow, saluto, salvere jubeo. 

Bidding, invitatio ; jussus, jussum, impe- 
rium, imperatum ; licitatio ; pronuntia- 
tio, etc. 

Bidder, vocator; licitator, licens. 

BIER, feretrum ; lectica (for the rich), 
sandapila (for the poor). 

BIG, magnus, grandis, amplus ; crassus, 
pinguis, obesusj capax. — As big as, 
instar (with genit.). — The epistle was as 
big as a book, instar voluminis erat epis- 
tola. — To be as big as something else, 
complere magnitudinem alicujus rei. — 
This gown is too big for me, haec toga 
major est quam pro corpore meo. — 
Somewhat big, subgrandis. — Very 
big, permagnus, pergrandis ; hugely so, 
ingens ; immoderately so, praegrandis ; 
monstrously so, vastus, immanis. — A 
big man, homo magni corporis, homo 
grandis, homo procerus. — That has a 
big head, nose, capito, naso. — Big 
(grown), adultus, grandis.— To growbig, 
pubescere. — Somewhat bigger, grandius- 
culus. — Bigger cups, scyphi capacio- 

res. TT (pregnant), gravida, prreg- 

nans. — Clouds big with rain, gravidas 
nubes, graves imbre nubes ; the south 
wind is big with showers, Notus parturit 

imbres. 1 day big with fate, dies fata- 

lis. TT (full), plenus, gravis. 

TT (swollen, as with rage, &.c), tumens, 
tumidus. TT (puffed up, tumid), tu- 
mens, tumidus,turgidus, infiatus.— Big 
talk, verborum tumor, oratio infiata, am- 
pullae ; jactatio, venditatio. — Big looks, 
supercilium grande. 

Bigness, magnitude, amplitudo, crassi- 

BIGAMY, bigamia. 

BIGOT, homo superstitiosus. 

Bigoted, superstitiosus. 

Bigotry, nimia et superstitiosa religio. 

BILBERRY, baca myrtilli. —plant, vac- 
cinium myrtillus. 

BILE, bilis. — Full of b., biliosus. — A 
bilious fever, febris ex bile redundante 

nata, febris biliosa. TT (sore), ulcus, 


BILGE-WATER, sentina. 

BILL (of a bird), rostrum. — Little b., ros- 

To Bill, rostrum conserere rostro. 

TT (of persons), columbatim labra conse- 
rere labris. 

BILL (a hook), falx, falx rostrata. 

TT (battle-axe), bipennis. 

BILL (roll), index (gen.) ; numeri (of 
soldiers). — of account, index mercium 
emptarum, libellus rationarius, tabella 
rationaria ; present a bill, inferre ratio- 

nem. 1 bill of fare, index ciborum. — 

of divorce, liters quibus repudium re- 
mittitur ; to send one, alicui nuntium or 
repudium remittere. — of exchange, 
syngrapha Bill of indictment, libellus. 

— Bills of mortality, indices mortuo- 

rum. TT (proposed law), rogatio, 

lex. — To bring in a bill, legem or 
rogationem ferre. — To pass it, roga- 
tionem or legem accipere ; legem scisce- 
re (of the people). — To carry it through, 
rogationem or legem perferre. — To re- 
ject it, legem or rogationem antiqua- 
're. TT (of a physician) , praescriptum. 

BILLET, epistolium, codicilli ; libellus 
(esp. of the emperor). — Billet-doux, ta- 
bellae amatorie scriptae, tabellas blandae, 
epistola blanda. TT (ticket for quar- 
ters), tessera hospitii militaris. 

TT (log of wood), see below. 

To Billet, tessera hospitii militem dona- 
re ; milites per hospitia disponere. — 
To billet his soldiers upon the towns, mili- 
tes per oppida dispertire, in oppidis col- 

BILLET (small log), lignum, lignum fis- 

sum. TT Other meanings see under 

the foregoing word. 

BILLOW, fluctus. 

Billowy, fluctuosus 

BIND (chain, fetter), colligare, vincire, 
constringere. — one with fetters, chains, 
aliquem vinculis colligare, catenis vin- 
cire, vinculis or catenis constringere. 

— To bind one hand and foot, quadrupe- 
dem aliquem constringere. — Fig. to 
bind up (tie the hands of), aliquem cir- 

cumse'ribere ; aliquem coercere. 

TT (fasten, tie), ligare, alligare, deligare, ( 





illigare ; astringere ; revincire. — a nap- 
kin about the neck, ligare sudarium cir- 
cum collum. — To bind one to the stake, 
aliquein alligare ad palum. — To bind 
one's hands behind his back, manus reli- 
gare, manus illigare or religare post 

tergum. IT (fasten tog-ether into a 

'whole), colligare, vincire. — the hair into 
a knot, crines in nodum cogere. — 
hay, foenum vincire. — sheaves, ma- 
nipulos colligere, vincire. — To bind a 
book, librum compingere. IT (ce- 
ment), ligare, vincire. IT (fix), col- 
ligare. — To bind a sandy soil, solum 
arenosum arboribus, herbis, etc., colli- 
gare. *!T To bind up, alligare, deli- 

gare ; obligare. — a wound, obligare 
vulnus. — the eye, oculum alligare. — 
To bind up the book in the same volume, 
librum eodem volumine complecti. — 
My 'welfare is bound up in yours, tua 

salute continetur mea. T (to inwrap, 

envelop), involvere ; induere alicui ali- 
quid. IT (to connect, unite), res in- 
ter se jungere, colligare ; conjungere, 
connectere aliquid cum aliqua re. — 
Ml the virtues are bound together, om- 

nes virtutes inter se nexas sunt. 

IT (to restrict, confine), astringere, ob- 
stringere. — by an oath, obstringere ju- 
rejurando. — To be bound(tied, confined) 
by something, constrictum, obstrictum es- 
se, teneri aliqua re, (as a vow, promise, 

&c). IT (to constrain, oblige), alligare, 

obligare, obstringere, devincire.-^TAe law 
binds any one, lex tenet aliquem. — To be 
bound to a fixed poetic measure, alligatum 
esse ad certam pedum necessitatem. — 
To be bound to the observance of a league, 
fcedere alligatum or illigatum esse. — 
To bind a man by an oath, aliquem Sacra- 
mento adigere. — To bind one's self to 
do a thing, se obligare alicui rei, (or with 
ut) ; se obstringere in aliquid (by oath, 
sacramento ; to a crime, in scelus). — J 
am bound to do this, hoc meum est. — To 
be bound (obliged) to one, alicujus benefi- 
ces obligatum esse. — To be bound to 

serve one, alicui obnoxium esse. 

IT (to make costive), astringere. — To 

bind the body, alvum astringere. 

IT To bind over, vadari. 

Binder, qui ligat, colligat, illigat, etc. ; al- 
ligator. See Book-binder. 

Bindweed, convolvulus (L.). 

BIOGRAPHY, vitarum scriptio or de- 
scriptio ; vitas. — of a man, vita alicujus, 
vitas alicujus descriptio et imago. 

Biographer, qui vitam alicujus narrat, 
enarrat. — J am my own biographer, me- 
am vitam ipse narro. 

BIPED, bipes. 

BIRCH, betula. — Birchen, e betula fac- 
tus. 1 birch-rod, virga betulas. 

BIRD, avis, volucris ; ales (esp. a large b.) ; 
praepes (from the flight of which omens 
were derived), oscen (from whose song 
and note omens, &c). — A little bird, avi- 
cula. — The catching of birds, aucupium. 

— To catch birds, aucupari. — A bird- 
catcher, auceps. —A birdcage, cavea. — 
Birdlime, viscus. — Bird-call, fistula au- 

cupatoria. 1T (fellow), homo, ho- 


BIRTH (a coming into life), ortus. -A father 
by birth, pater natura. — The hour of 
one's birth, hora, qua aliquis natus (ge- 
nitus) est. — From one's birth up, inde 
ab incunabulis. — Before one's birth, an- 
te aliquem natum, ante quam aliquis 
natus est. — Birth-day, dies quo aliquis 
natus (genitus) est ; dies natalis, also 
natalis. — Birth-day present, munus na- 
talicium. — Birth-place, locus quo (urbs 
in qua) aliquis genitus est ; urbs patria. 

— Athens is his birth-place, natus est 

Athenis. IT (origin, rise, beginning), 

origo, ortus, initium. IT (extraction, 

descent), ortus ; genus ; stirps. — Of high 
birth, nobili genere natus, nobili or 
haud obscuro loco natus. — Of low, ig- 
noble birth, ignobili, humili, obscuro loco 
natus ; obscuris ortus majoribus. — By 
birth a Tusculan, by citizenship a Roman, 
ortu Tusculanus, civitate Romanus. — i 
Macedonian by birth, natione Macedo. 

IT (creature born), partus ; infans 

editus. — An untimely birth, abortus. 

1T (a bringing forth), partio, partus, 


Birth-right, jus quod ex genere est. 

tT (primogeniture), jus primorum natali- 
um, primogenitura. 

BISCUIT, buccellatum, panis castrensis, 
(for soldiers) ; panis nauticus (sea-bis- 
cuit). 1T (confectioner's b.), panis 


BISECT, medium secare. 

BISHOP, episcopus. # bishop's dignity, 

pontificatus. 4 bishop's crosier, lituus 


BISMUTH, vismutum. 

BISSEXTILE year, annus intercalaris, 
annus bissextus. — day, dies interca- 
laris, dies bissextus, bissextum. 

BIT (of a bridle), orea. — A bridle with a 
sharp bit, frenum lupatum. 

To Bit a horse, orearrs ori equi inserere. 

BIT (mouthful), offa, frustum, bolus, buc- 

cea Little bit, offula. — Bit by bit, 

offatim, frustatim. 1T (morsel, little 

piece), mica, uncia; frustum. dbitof 

bread, uncia panis. TT (a little), paul- 

lulum. — Not a bit, ne tantillum quidem, 
ne minimum quidem. — To wait a bit, 
paulum or paulisper opperiri. 

BITCH. — Bitch-dog, canis femina (or 
merely canis, if joined with an adj. which 
determines its gender). — A bitch-wolf, 

BITE, mordere (of the teeth, of cold, of 
bitter words, of the taste) ; pungere (of 
the taste, mind.) — into something, dente 
mordere, morsu arripere aliquid. — 
Dogs bite, canes mordent. — To bite the 
dust (of a dying man), mordere humum. 

— To bite off, mordicus auferre ; demor- 
dere ; prasmordere (bite off the fore 

Bite, subst. morsus. — To kill by a bite, 
morsu necare, mordicus interficere. 

Biting, mordens, mordax, (prop, andfig.) ; 
acid us (as to taste) ; aculeatus (fig., 
cutting, stinging). — Biting words, ver- 
borum aculei. — Biting wit, asperiores 
facetias. — A biting jest, jocus mordens. 

— Biting vinegar, mordax or acidum 
acetum. & biting axe, securis mor- 

BITTER (in taste), amarus, acerbus. — 
A bitter taste, sapor amarus or acerbus : 

— taste. in the mouth, os amarum. — To 
become bitter, amarescere, inamarescere. 

— Somewhat bitter, subamarus. — Bit- 
ter sweet, ex dulci amarus. IT (vi- 
olent, severe), acerbus ; gravis. — Bitter 
want, summa egestas, mendicitas. — 
Bitter hate, acerbum odium. — A bitter 
enemy, acerbus inimicus. — Bitter cold, 

frigus acerbum. 1T (biting, cutting, 

reproachful), acerbus, amarus, mordax, 

Bitterly, amare ; acerbe, aspere, gravi- 
ter. — To wound one's feelings bitterly, 
alicui acerbum dolorem inurere. — To 
weep bitterly, effusissime flere. — To ac- 
cuse one bitterly, acerbe or graviter accu- 
sare aliquem. — To reproach one bitterly, 
aspere vituperare aliquem. — Bitterly an- 
gry, periratus, iracundia infiammatus. 

Bitterness, amaritudo (prop, andfig.), 
amaritas (prop.) ; acerbitas (harshness, 
unfriendliness ; calamitous state) ; gravi- 
tas (violence, vehemence) ; ira, bilis, 
odium, (anger, hate) ; aegritudo, maeror, 
(grief). — °A bitterness of tone, amaritu- 
do vocis. — To write to one with great 
bitterness, acerbissime alicui scribere. 

BITTERN, ardea stellaris (L.). 

BITUMEN, bitumen. 

Bituminous, bitumineus, bituminatus, 

BIVOUAC, excubiae in armis. 

To Bivouac, in armis excubare, pro 
castris excubare. 

BLAB, v. a. effutire, deblaterare, efferre 
(foras or in vulgus), proferre (foras), 
enuntiare (foras). 

Blab, subst. vulgator, famigerator ; gar- 
rulus (prattler). 

BLACK, ater (opp. to albus ; fig. mourn- 
ful, calamitous), niger (opp. tocandidus), 
pullus (dirty, dingy black, by nature or by 
dirt), fuscus (blackish ; e. g. of a skin 
burnt by the sun) ; atratus, pullatus, 
(dressed in black) ; atrox (atrocious, hor- 
rible), scelestus (accursed) ; tristis, tetri- 
cus, (gloomy, sullen). — To become black, 
nigrescere. — To be black, nigrere. — 
To be somewhat black, nigricare. — Black 
and blue, lividus. — The black art, 
magica. -- In black and white, scriptus 


to have a thing under black and white, 
fidem literarum habere. — A sky black 
with clouds, ccelum obscurum. — Black- 
berry, morum rubi 3 rubum ; -bush, 
nibus. — Blackbird, merula. — Black- 
smith, faber ferrarius. — Blackthorn, pru- 
nus silvestris ; prunus spinosa (L.). 

Black, subst. color niger; atramentum. 

Tf (black dress), pulla vestis, pulla 

(pi.) ; vestis or cultus lugubris, squa- 
lor, sordes. — Dressed in black (mourn- 
ing), sordidatus; pullatus, atratus, veste 

lugubri vestitus. 1T (the black of a 

thing), atrum, nigrum. IT (a negro), 

^Ethiops, Afer. 

Blackish, subniger, nigricans ; fuscus 
(dark-colored, dusky). 

To Blacken (make black), denigrare ; in- 

fuscare (make blackish). IT (darken, 

obscure), nigrum facere. — The heavens 
were blackened, ccelum nubibus obduc- 

tum erat. IT (defame), de fam'a or 

existimatione alicujus detrahere; con- 
flare or conciliare alicui invidiam. 

Blackness, nigritia ; nigror, nigritudo, 
color niger ; (moral), atrocitas, fceditas, 

BLADDER, vesica. — A little bladder, vesi- 

BLADE (of grasses), herba •, graminis 
herba (of grass) ; culmus (green stalk of 
corn). — To be in the blade, in herba esse. 

IT (of an oar), palma, palmula: — 

(of a knife or sword), lamina : — (the swurd 
itself), ferrum, ensis : — (brisk fellow), 
homo lascivus, petulans, levis, etc. ; ho- 
mo. IT The shoulder-blade, scapula. 

BLATN, pustula ; papula (from heat). 

BLAME, v. a. reprehendere, culpare ; irn- 
probare. — To blame one in a friendly 
manner, aliquem amice reprehendere, 

— To blame one for a thing, reprehende- 
re aliquem de aliqua re or in aliqua re. 

— / confess myself to blame for these 
things, haec mea culpa fateor fieri. — / 
am not to be blamed for this, a me haec 
culpa procul est. — To be to blame, in 
vitio esse ; in culpa esse. — We are so 
much the more to blame, nobis eo minus 
ignoscendum est. 

Blame, subst. reprehensio ; vituperatio, 
culpatio, objuigatio. — To fall into blame, 
reprehendi, vituperari, in vituperalio- 
nem venire, cadere, incidere. — To de- 
serve blame, in Vitio esse. — To lay the 
blame upon one, culpam in aliquem con- 
ferre, transferre (this latter, from one's 
self on another) ; culpam alicui attribue- 
re, assignare. — One passes the blame 
over to the other, causam alter in alte- 
rumconfert. IT (fault), vitium, cul- 
pa ; noxia, no.xa; crimen. 

Blamakle, Blameworthy, reprehenden- 
dus, vituperandus, reprehensione or vi- 
tuperatione dignus ; vitiosus (faulty); 
malus (bad). 

Blameless, non reprehendendus, non vi- 
tuperandus ; probus, ab omni vitio va- 
cuus, integer, sanctus. — A blameless 
course of life, summa morum probitas, 
vitas sanctitas. — To live a blameless 
life, sancte vivere. 

BLANCH, album, pallidum facere, red- 
dere ; insolare (to bleach in the sun). 

BLAND, lenis, mitis, placidus, blandus. 

Blandishment, blanditiae, blandimen- 

BLANK (not written on), inanis (gen.), va- 
cuus (which can be dr is yet to be written 

on), purus. IT (downcast, crushed), 

demissus, fractus, qui animo deficit, 
perculsus, profligatus ; tristis, spe alie- 
nus,: (pale), pallidus, pallens : (confused), 
perturbatus, (animo) confusus. 

Blank, subst. charta or tabella inanis, va- 
cua, pura ; spatium inane. IT (in a 

lottery), sors inanis. — I draw a blank, 

sors sine lucro exit. IT (vain thing), 

res inanis, res vana. 

To Blank, aliquem or alicujus animum 
arfligere ; alicujus animum frangere, 
infringere ; alicujus mentem animum- 
que perturbare ; consternare, percutere. 

BLANKET, lodix lanea. — To tossin a b., 
aliquem extents lodiei impositum in 
sublime jactare. 

BLASPHEME, blasphemare ; convicium 
facere Deo. 

Blasphemer, blaspbemus. 

Blasphemy, blasphematio, blasphemia, 




Blasphemous, blasphemus. 

BLAST, impetus venti; ventus, flatus, 

flabrum (only in pi.), flamen. TT (of 

an instrument), flamen ; sonitiJS, clan- 
gor. TT (stroke of a planet, &c.),tac- 

tus, afflatus, (e. g. solis, lunae, etc.) ; (of 
lightning), fulmen, (so, the blasts of for- 
tune, fulmiua fortuna?) ; (of disease), 
contagio ; (of corn), sideratio, robigo ; 
(in the widest sense), fulmen, ictus calami- 
tatis, ventus, calamitas, casus adversus. 

To Blast (ruin), pessum dare, praecipita- 

re, pervertere, perdere. IT (blight), 

torrere, urere, adurere, robigine "cor- 
rumpere, robigine or uredine afficere. 

— Blasted heaths, deserta et sterilia tes- 
qua. || Compare Blight. 

BLAZE, flamma; fulgor, flamma, ignis, 
(great brightness). 

To Blaze, v. n. ardescere, exardescere, 

flammas emittere, ardere, flagrare. 

IT v. a. vulgare, divulgare, pervulgare. 

BLAZON, insignia gentilicia exprimere 

or explicare. V (deck), ornare, ex- 

ornare. IT (display), in conspertum 

dare, ante oculos exponere ; ostentare. 

IT (celebrate), praedicare ; laudibus 

ornare, tollere, efFerre ; (laudibus) cele- 

brare. -IT (spread abroad), divulgare, 


BLEACH, album (candidum, canum) fa- 
cere or reddere ; insolare (to b. in the 

sun). IT v. n. albescere ; exalbesce- 

re (become whitish). 

Bleaching (in the sun), insolatio, (of wax, 

Bleachery, locus in quo fit insolatio (lin- 
teorum, etc.), or in quo lintea, etc. pur- 
gantur et alba redduntur. 

BLEAK, frigidus, algens, algidus. 

Bleakness, frigus. 

BLEAR. — A blear eye, oculus humore 
fluens; oculus lippiens (as a permanent 
defect). — To have blear eyes, lippire. — 
Blear-eyed, lippus, lippiens. 

Blearedness, fluxio oculorum ; lippitu- 
do (permanent). 

BLEAT, balare. — Bleating, balatus. 

BLEED (shed blood), sangiiinem fundere 
(of men and the wound) ; sanguinem 
effundere or profundere ; — his nose 
bleeds, sanguis e naribus ei fluit. — He 
has bled exceedingly, ingens vis sanguinis 
manavit. — My heart bleeds at some- 
thing, incredibilem dolorem ex aliqua 
re capio. — How my heart bled! quantum 

animo vulnus accepi I IT (let blood), 

sanguinem mittere alicui (e. g. ex bra- 

Bleeding (discharge of blood), profluvium 
(profusio or fluxio) sanguinis; haemor- 
rliagia (esp. through the nose). 

BLEMISH (bodily), macula, labes (dim. 
labecula), naevus ; vitium (deformity, 

defect, gen.). TT (moral), turpitudo, 

macula, vitium, labes, ignominia, nota 
atque ignominia, nota turpitudinis, ma- 
cula sceleris, probrum, flagitium. 

To Blemish, maculare, commaculare, 
maculis aspergere ; defbrmare, turpare, 
corrumpere ; infuscare,foedare, inquina- 
re, labeculam aspergere (with dat.), ma- 
culis aspergere ; violare, lasdere ; de ex- 
istimatione alicujus detrahere. 

BLEND, miscere, commiscere, confunde- 
re, permiscere, implicare. 

BLESS (prosper), fortunare, prosperare, 
secundare (poet.), bene vertere ; felicem, 
beatum reddere, felicitatem dare alicui ; 
beare, magna! aetitia afficere. — To bless 
a thing to one, prosperare alicui aliquid. 

— To be blest with a son, filio augeri. — 
Fortune blesses our first undertaking, ad- 
spirat primo fortuna labori. if (pro- 
nounce a blessing upon), alicui bene pre- 
cari ; aliquem bonis ominibus prosequi 
(accompany with blessings) ; aliquid fe- 

bruare (to purify by religious rites). 

IT (praise), laudare, beatum praedicare, 
laudibus celebrare. 

Blessed, beatus (having all physical and 
moral good) ; pius (good, holy ; the blest, 
pii) : — (fortunate), felix, fortunatus. 

Blessedly, beate ; feliciter, fauste. 

Blessedness, summa felicitas ; immorta- 
litas vitae (immortality) ; vita beata. — 
To live in eternal blessedness, beatum 
revo seinpiterno frui. 

Blessing, sollemnes preces ; bona omi 
na. — To dismiss the congregation with a 
blessing, precibus sollemnibus ccetum 

(sacrum) dimittere. — With the blessings 

of all, omnibus laeta precantibus. 

IT (gift, benefit, &c), munus, commo- 
dum, bonum, etc. — The blessings of 
peace, munera, commoda pacis. — The 
biasings of Providence, Dei rnunera, be- 
nefif.ia. TT (divine favor), Dei favor. 

— May Ood grant his blessing, quod Deus 
bene vertat ! 

BLIGHT, robigo, uredo, carbunculus ; 
(gen.), lues. 

To^Blight, robigine corrumpere, uredine 
afficere ; necare. — The trees and crops 
are blighted, arbores sataque corrupit 
lues. — Salt showers blight the corn, salsi 
imbres necant frumenta. — || See Blast. 

BLIND, caecus, oculis or luminibus cap- 
tus, luminibus orbatus. —Blind of one 
eye, codes, luscus, (born so) ; altero 
octilo captus (become so) ; unoculus. — 
Blind-born, caecus genitus (caecigenus, 
poet.). — To become blind, lumina oculo- 
rum or lumina or aspectum amittere. 

TT(as to the mind), caecus, occaecatus, 

mente captus, temerarius, stultus. — 
Fortune makes her favorites blind, fortuna 
eos coecos efficit (stultos facit), quos 
coinplexa est. Q blind imitation, cae- 
ca or temeraria imitatio. — prejudice, 
falsa opinio. — To shoio one a blind obe- 
dience, totum se ad alicujus nutum et 

voluntatem convertere. TT (hidden, 

dark, &c), caecus ; opertus. — A blind 

ditch, fossa caeca or operta. TT (false), 

caecus, Actus, simulatus. 8. blind win- 
dow, fenestra Acta or simulata, fenestras 

To Blind, caecum reddere, caecare, excae- 
care, oculis privare, luminibus orbare ; 
oculos efFodere, eruere alicui, (to tear out 
the eyes). — To be blinded (by long expo- 
sure to the sun, for instance) , aspectum 
amittere. ■ TT (for a time only ; to daz- 
zle, &c), occaecare ; oculos or oculorum 

aciem praestringere. TT (as to the 

mind), caecare, occmcare, excaecare ali- 
quem or alicujus mentem ; animi or 
mentis aciem, oculos alicujus praestrin- 
gere : — (by beauty), capere, irretire, in 
amorem pellicere. 

Blindfold, oculis opertis or alligatis, 

conniventibus or clausis oculis. 

TT To blindfold the eyes, oculos alligare. 

Blindly, caecus; caeco impetu ; temere. 

— To assent blindly to a thing, temere as- 
sentire alicui rei. — They rushed blindly 
into the water, catci in aquam ruebant. 

Blindman's Buff. — To play b., myinda 

(adv. Gr. piuvSa) ludere. 
Blindness, (luminis) caecitas, (oculorum) 

caligo (when it is dark before the eyes) : 

mentis or animi caecitas, mentis caligo ; 

tenebrae (b. of spirit, stupidity) ; insc 

tia, stultitia. 
Blindside, vitium. 
BLINK, nictare, palpebrare ; connivere 

(to see with eyes half shut). 
BLISS. See Blessedness. 
BLISTER, pustula ; papula (raised by 

heat). — A blister-plaster, vesicatorium. 

— To draw or raise blisters, pustuias face- 
re or excitare. — Full of them, pustulo- 

To Blister, v. n. pustulari : v. a. pustu- 
lare ; vesicatorium imponere. 

BLITHE, BLITHESOME, laetus ; hila 
rus, hilaris ; alacer. — To wear a blithe 
look, vultu laetitiam praeferre. 

Blithely, laete, hilare (-iter), animo laeto 
or hilari. 

Blitheness, laetitia, hilantas, animus 
laetus or hilaris ; alacritas, animus ala 

BLOAT, v. a. tumefacere, implere, ten- 
dere, sufflare, inflare ; fig: inflare. — 
Bloated, turgidus, tumidus, tumens, in- 

flatus. TT v. n. tumescere, extumes- 

cere ; turgescere. 

BLOCK, truncus (of wood); gleba (of 
stone, marble) ; caudex (block to which 
offenders were fastened) ; massa (mass, 
lump) ; phalanga (roller) ; forma causiae 
(hat-block) ; trochlea (pulley) ; truncus 
funestus (executioner's block). — To come 

to the block, securi percuti. TT Block, 

Blockhead, stipes, truncus, caudex. 

Block, v. a. claudere (shut in) ; obstrue- 
re, obsepire, intercludere. — To block up 
the way, viam praecludere ; viam obstru- 
ere (barricade) ; iter obsepire ; iter in- 
tercludere, interrumpere. 

Blockade, conclusio, obsidio. — To raise 
the blockade of a town, urbe abscedere, 
obsidione urbis desistere. — To deliver 
from a b., obsidione liberare or solvere. 

To Blockade, obsidere, circum sedere, 
obsidionem (urbi) inferre, in obsidione 
tenere, obsidione claudere, operibus cin- 

Blockhouse, propugnaculum. 

Blockish, stolidus, stupidus, tardus, he- 
bes, brutus. 

BLOOD, sanguis (prop.; also, kindred, 
lineage, vigor ; also, of other juices) ; cru- 
or (blood from the veins, blood shed) ; sa- 
nies (corrupt blood). — To stanch blood, 
sanguinem sistere, supprimere, cohibe- 
re . — To imbrue or stain with blood, san- 
guine cruentare, inquinare, respergere ; 
sanguine contaminare. — To let blood, 
sanguinem mittere (e. g. alicui ex bra- 
chio). — A shower of blood, imber sangui- 
nis or sanguineus. — An eruption of 
blood, sanguinis eruptio. — To shed his 
blood for his country, sanguinem pro pa- 
tria profundere or effundere. — To shed 
blood (commit murder), caedem or sangui- 
nem facere. — Loss of blood, sanguinis 
profusio (fortuita). — The victory cost 
them much blood, victoria illis multo san- 
guine stetit. — He thirsts for blood, san- 
guinem sitit. — An avenger of blood, 
ultor parricidii, ultor mortis alicujus. 

— To be connected with one by the ties of 
blood, sanguine cum aliquo conjunctum 
esse, sanguine attingere aliquem. — Of 
illustrious blood, genere clarus, illustris, 
insignis. — If you stir up my blood, si 
mihi stomachum moveritis. — His blood 
is up, ira incensus est, iracundia. ardet, 
ill i animus ardet. — Hot blood boils in 
your veins, vos calidus sanguis vexat. 

— To do a thing in cold blood, consulto et 
cogitatum facere aliquid. — Flesh and 
blood (i. e. lusts), cupiditates, libidines. 

My flesh and blood (i.e. my children), 

viscera mea. 

Blood-colored, coloris sanguinei, san- 

Bloodhound, canis ad homines perse- 
quendos or vestigandos idoneus ; 
ficr., sanguinarius, crudelissimus, carni- 

Bloodless, sanguine carens, exsanguis, 
mortuus; (without bloodshed), incruen- 

Blood-relation, consanguineus, sangui- 
ne conjunctus; (the connection), consan- 
guinitas, sanguinis conjunctio. 

Bloodshed, caedes. — Without b., sine 
sanguine, sine vulnere. — Taking place 
without it, incruentus. 

Bloodshot, sanguine or cruore suffusus, 

Bloodsucker (leech), hirudo (prop, and 
fig.), sanguisuga ; (vampire), vesperti- 
lio spectrum (L.). 

Bloodthirsty, sanguinarius, sanguinem 
sitiens, saevus ; sanguineus (poet.). 

Blood-vessel, arteria, vena ; vas. 

Bloody, cruentus (prop, and fig.), cruen- 
tatus (stained with b.), sanguine resper- 
sus (bespattered with b.) ; sanguineus 
(consisting of b., as a shoioer ; other uses 
are poet.). — To make bloody, cruentare, 
sanguine respergere. — A bloody war, 
bellum cruentum, atrox, funestum, sae- 
vum. — Bloody flux, dysenteria rubra. 

TT Bloody, Bloodyminded. See 


BLOOM, flos. — To be in bloom, florere. 

TT Fig. to be in the bloom of life, in 

flore aetatis esse, aetate florere ; yet, in- 
tegral esse aetate. 

To Bloom (be in bloom), florere (prop, and 
fig.), vigere (fig.) ; florem mittere (put 
forth blossoms). — To begin to bloom, flo- 
rescere (j>rop. and fig.). 

Blooming, florens (prop, and fig.) ; flori- 
dus (rich with flowers). — Blooming chil- 
dren, liberi florentes. — beauty, forma 
florida et vegeta. — health, valetudo in- 
tegra or optima ; virium flos. — cir- 
cumstances, res florentes, florentissimae. 

Bloomy, floridus, floribus vestitus. 

BLOSSOM, flos. 

To Blossom, florescere ; florem mittere 
or expellere. 

BLOT out, exstinguere, delere, (gen.) ; in- 
ducere (by drawing the wax over it with 
the style) ; radere, eradere, (to dig out). 

— Fig. exstinguere, delere, obliterare. 




— the remembrance of a thing, memoriam 

alicujus rei delere or obliterare. 

IT Blot (to blur, spot), maculare, maculis 
aspergere ; macula, (-is; or litura (-is) 
deformare, turpare : — v. n. the paper 
blots, charta transmittit (diffundit) lite- 
ras, charta est bibula. 1T (to dis- 
grace, disfigure), labem or labeculam 
aspergere alicui or alicui rei, alicni igno- 
miniara inurere ; infuscare, deformare, 
infamem facere, fcedare, oblinere. 

Blot, s. (atramenti) litura ; macula (prop, 
and fig.) ; labes, notaturpitudinis: — (at 
backgammon), calculus nudus, aper- 

BLOTCH, varus, ionthus, (on the face) ; 
pustula (blister) ; variolre (pocks). 

BLOW, subst. percussio (a striking with 
force), ictus, plaga, verber, petitio (blow 
aimed at one); fig. fulmen,casus,damnum. 

— A mortal blow, ictus mortiferus, plaga 

mortifera. it one blow, uno ictu. — 

To give one a blow, plagam alicui infer- 
re, infligere. — in the face with the open 
hand, alicui alapam ducere. — with the 
clinched fist, alicui colaphum ducere, ali- 
cui pugnum or colaphum impingere. — 
To give one blows, aliquem pulsare, ver- 
berare, verberibus ceedere. — They come 
to blows, res venit ad manus. — To de- 
spise the blows of fortune, fulmina fortu- 
nes contemnere. — J have received a 
heavy bloio, gravissimam accepi plagam 
(fig.). — One blow follows another, damna 
damnis continuantur. — To prepare him- 
self for the decisive blow, ad discrimen 

BLOW, v. (of the wind), flare (spirare, 
poet.) : — (of the breath), flare, conflare ; 
(to puff), anhelare, (of ahorse) fremere (to 
snort) ; (to blow an instrument), canere, 
cantare, ludere, (with abl.), inflare (with 
ace); (of the instrument blown), canere. 

— The winds blow contrary, reliant ven- 
ti. — A wind which blows from the north, 
ventus qui a septentrionibus oritur.— 
To blow upon, afflare. — To blow away, 
dissipare, difflare ; rapere (snatch off). — 
To be blown down, vento affligi ad ter- 
rain, prosterni, dejici. — To blow out, 
exstinguere. — To blow (make by blow- 
ing), flare, flatu figurare. — To blow up 
the fire, ignem conflare, sufflare, buccis 
excitare. — To blow up the cheeks, buccas 
inflare, sufflare. — To blow up the body, 
corpus inflare. — To blow a man up, in- 
flare alicujus animum ; —to be blown up, 
inani superbiatumere, effer- 
re. — To blow up (kindle, inflame), accen- 
dere, conflare. — To blow up (with gun- 
powder), aliquidvi pulveris pyrii displo- 
dere To be blown into the air, vi pulve- 
ris pyrii sublime rapi. 

Blowing, flatus (of the wind). — of a flute, 
inflatus tibiae. 

BLOW. See Bloom, Blossom. 

BLUBBER, subst. adeps balaenarum. 

BLUBBER, v. genas lacrimis fcedare, 
uberius flere, vim lacrimarum profunde- 
re. —Blubbered cheeks, genes lacrimando 

turgentes. IT Blubber-cheeked, buc- 

culentus. — Blubber-lipped, labrosus. 

BLUDGEON, fustis pi umbo armatus. 

BLUE, ceeruleus, subceeruleus (somewhat 
b.), cyaneus, cumatilis, (all mean water- 
blue ; dyed or dressed so, ceeruleatus) ; 
caesius (blue-gray, sky-blue) ; glaucus 
(sea-green, gray-blue, like cat's eyes) ; vi- 
olaceus, purpureus, ianthinus, amethys- 
tinus ; lividus (black-blue, black and 
blue). —Blue eyes, oculi ceerulei, caesii, 
glauci. — Who has such, ceeruleus, etc. — 
Dark-blue, violaceus, purpureus. — Light- 
blue, subcsruleus. — To become black and 
blue, livescere ; to be so, livere. 

Blue, s. ceeruleus, etc., color; caeruleum 
(as a coloring material). 

Blue-bottle, cyanus. 

BLUFF, inhumanus, inurbanus, agrestis, 
rusticus ; violentus, vehemens. 

BLUNDER, v. flagitium committere ; tur- 
pissime offendere, labi, peccare, (in a 
matter, in aliqua re). 

Blunder, subst. flagitium, peccatum tur- 
pe, gravis error; erratum turpe (also 

Blunderhead, stipes, truncus, stupidus 

BLUNT, hebes, obtusus,retusus, (prop, and 
fig.). -To be blunt, hebere;ohtusaesse acie 
(prop.); hebetem, hebetatum, obtusum 

esse, (also fig.). — Become so, hebescere 
(prop, and fig.). — Blunt in spirit, hebe- 

tis or tardi ingenii. IT (rough, rude), 

inurbanus, rusticus, horridus. 

IT (abrupt), abruptus. ^(jplain), liber. 

To Blunt, hebetare, retundere, obtunde- 
re, (prop, and fig.). — an axe, retundere 
securim. — a spear, hebetare hastam. — 
a keen palate, obtundere subtile palatum. 

— themind, mentem, ingenium obtunde- 
re. — To be blunted to a thing, hebetatum 
atque induratum esse ad aliquid. — 
Blunted in body and mind, animo simul 
et corpore hebetato. — To blunt hope, 
spem debilitare, extenuare. 

Bluntly, rustice, horride ; libere, audaci- 
ter ; inornate, abrupte. 

Bluntness, hebes (falcis, etc.) acies ; rus- 
ticitas, mores inculti, horridi ; sermo 
abruptus, inornatus ; sermo liberior. 

BLUR, macula, labes; litura. 

To Blur, obscurare ; labem or labeculam 

BLUSH (turn red), erubescere, pudore or 
rubore suffundi, rubor mihi suffunditur 
or offunditur; (be red), rubere. — To 
blush at one's own praises, pudore affici 
ex sua laude. — I need not blush, if, &x., 
non est res, qua erubescam, si, etc. — 
They blush at their origin, origine sua. 

erubescunt. 1F Fio-rrubere, rubesce- 

re ; fulgere. 

Blush, rubor. — To put to the blush, rubo- 
rem alicui afferre, elicere, alicui pudo- 

rem incutere. IT Fig. rubor, fulgor. 

IT jit first blush, prima specie or 

fronte, aspectu primo. 

BLUSTER, saevire : (of men), saevire ; 
tumultuari, tumultum facere ; (brag), 
insolenter gloriari. — A blustering sea, 
mare tumultuosum. — Blustering weath- 
er, cielum immite, turbidum. 

Bluster, subst. tempestas, procella ; fre- 
mitus, strepitus, tumultus ; saevitia, fu- 
ror; jactatio, ostentatio, venditatio. 

Blusterer, homoturbulentus ; homo glo- 

BOAR, verres ; a wild boar, aper. — Of a 
boar, verrinus; wild, aprugnus. — Boar- 
spear, venabulum. — Boar-hog, verres 
castratus, majalis. 

BOARD, tabula ; assis or axis (thick b., 
plank). — To cut a tree into boards, arbo- 
rem in laminas secare. — A house made 
of boards, aedificium tabulatum or ex ta- 
bulis factus. — A floor laid with oak 
boards (planks), solum roboreis axibus 

compactum or constratum. IT (to 

play on), tabula ; forus aleatorius, alve- 
us or alveolus, (dice-board) ; abacus (b. 

with squares) . 11 (table), mensa; fig. 

ccena, convivium, epuke. — Side-board, 
abacus. — To live at another's board, 
aliena. mensa or quadra vivere. — To be 
separated from bed and board, cubilibus ac 
mensa. discerni. IT (food and lodg- 
ing), victus pacta, mercede prtebitus. — 
(food board, victus lautus. — To give 
one his board, gratuitum victum dare 

alicui. IT (assembly), collegium, con- 

sessus, consilium. IT On board, in 

navi. — To go on board, navem con- 
scendere. — To have a person on board, 
sustulisse aliquem ; a thing, vehere ali- 
quid. — To leap overboard, ex navi de- 
silire or se projicere. — To throw over- 
board, alicujus rei jacturam facere. 

To Board, contabulare. IT (live at a 

certain price,) ab aliquo, pacta mercede, 
ali ; alicujus victu, pacta mercede, uti. 

— (put at board), aliquem alicui pacta 

mercede alendum tradere. IT (enter 

a ship), in hostium navem transcende- 
re ; navem conscendere. IT (ad- 
dress, attempt), alloqui, compellari ; ten- 
tare, petere, adoriri ; praevertere. 

Boarder, qui ab aliquo pacta mercede 
alitur. — Fellow-boarder, convictor. 

BOAST, se efferre, se jactare, (insolenter) 
gloriari, gloria et presdicatione sese ef- 
ferre. — To boast of or in a thing, aliqua 
re, or de or in aliqua re gloriari ; jacta- 
re, ostentare, venditare aliquid. — He 
boasts and brags as high as ever, nee quic- 
quam jam loquitur modestius. — He 
boasts in his villany, in facinore et scele- 
re gloriatur. - He boasts of his own deeds, 
suarum laudum preeco est, sua narrat 

Boast, Boasting, jactatio, ostentatio, 
venditatio, (of something, alicujus rei) ; 


ostentatio sui, jactantia sui. — To make 
a boast of, jactare, ostentare, venditare 
aliquid ; aliqua re gloriari. 

Boaster, jactator, ostentator, venditator 
alicujus rei; homo vanus, homovanilo- 
quus, homo gloriosus, homo fortis lin- 

Boastful, gloriosus, vanus, vaniloquus. 

Boastfully, gloriose, jactanter. 

BOAT, scapha (esp. a ship's boat) ; cymba 
(a small boat to navigate a lake, for fishing, 
&c); alveus, lembus, (flat-bottomed boat, 
skiff); linter (canoe); navicula, navigio- 
lu'm, actuariolum, lenunculus, sometimes 
navis, navigium. — Boatman, nauta ; lin- 

BODE, portendere. 

BODICE, mamillare, thorax linteus. 

BODY, corpus. — A small body, corpus- 
c.ulum. — To have a healthy body, bona 
corporis valetudine uti. — To devote him- 
self body and soul to one, alicui corpus 
animamque addicere ; to a thing, totum 
et mente et animo in aliquid insistere. 

— Body-guard, corporis custodes ; stipa- 
tores corporis, stipatores ; satellites ; 
cohors prestoria, milites prstoriani. — A 
dead body, corpus mortuum, corpus ho- 
minis mortui, also corpus or mortuus ; 
cadaver; funus : — to lay out a dead 
body, corpus mortuum curare. — Having 
two bodies, bicorpor. — Able or strong 

bodied, robustus, validus, firmus. 

IT (belly), venter; alvus. — Beans puff up 
the body, venter inflatur fabis. - To bind 
the body, alvum astringere. IT (per- 
son), homo. — JYobody, nullus, nemo; 
non ullus, non quisquam. — Everybody, 
omnes homines, omnes. — That nobody 
do hurt to any body, ne cui quis noceat. 

— Lest any body, ne quis. — If any body, 
si quis. — Any body, quisquam, ullus; 
quivis. — Somebody, aliquis. — Hardly 
any body, non fere quisquam. —Nor is 
he seen by any body, neque cernitur ulli 
(for ab ullo). — Not a body, homo nemo, 
nemo unus. IT (collective mass), cor- 
pus. — They wished to have a king out of 
their own body, sui corporis creari regem 
volebant. — He set in order the body of the 
empire, ordinavit imperii corpus. — A 
complete body of all the Roman law, corpus 
omnis Romani juris. — The whole body 
of citizens, cives cuncti, also civitas. — 
The whole body rose, omnes universi 

consurrexerunt. 1T (corporation, 

&c), corpus, collegium ; classis. — A 
learned body, societas doctorum homi- 

num . If (of soldiers), manus, exerci- 

tus ; pars exercitus or copiarum, agmen ; 
caterva. — A body of cavalry, pars equi- 
tum ; alaequitum. —A body (club) of 
conspirators, globus conjuratorum. — A 

body of players, grex histrionum. 

IT (main part). - of a tree, truncus, 
stirps. — of a column, scapus, truncus. 

— of the human body, truncus. —The body 
of a country, interior alicujus terras re- 

gio, interiora alicujus terras. 

IT (strength). — Wine of a good body, vi- 
num validum, firmum, forte, plenum. 

Bodily, corporalis (in nature and quality) ; 
corporeus (in material). — things, corpo- 
ralia ; res corporete ; quae cerni tangique 
possunt. IT (proper to the body, pos- 
sessed by the body, relating to the body), 
in corpore situs, corporalis ; but oftener 
by the genit. corporis. — <2 bodily defect, 
vitium corporis or corporale. — goods, 
bona corporis. — charms, corporis venus- 

tas. IT (real), verus. — To bring to 

bodily act, ad effectum adducere or per- 

Bodiless, corpore vacans or vacuus, cor- 
pore carens, sine corpore ; incorporeus 
(silv. age). 

BOG, palus. 

Boggy, uliginosus, paluster. 

BOGGLE, pedem or gradum referre ; stu- 
pere ; dubitare, heerere, heesitare, cunc- 
tari; tergiversari. 

Boggler, cunctator, haesitator. 

Boggling, dubitatio, heesitatio, cuncta- 

BOIL, v. n. fervere (also fig. of the pas- 
sions and of men) ; aestuare (to swell and 
roar with heat; alsofirr.) ; bullare, bnlh- 
re, (to bubble up). - To begin to boil,ebu\- 
lire, effervescere. - To boil enough, de- 
fervescere. -Boiling hot, fervens.- To 
boil over, exundare. — The meats boil, 




cibaria bullant. — To make to boil, ferve- 
facere. — The sea boils, sestuat mare. — 
To boil with envy, invidia aestuare. — 

with anger, ira fervere ; saevire 

J| v. a. fervefacere, infervefacere, (make 
to boil) ; coquere (cook by boiling). — To 
boil a thing in something, aliquid coque- 
re in or ex aliqua re (e. g. in lacte, ex 
oleo) ; incoquere aliqua re or cum ali- 
qua re (e. g, aqua ferventi, cum aqua). 
— To boil quite, percoquere. — To boil 
meats, cibum or cibaria coquere. — Boil- 
ed, elixus. 

Boiler, coetor ; — ahenum coculum. 

BOISTEROUS, turbulentus, turbidus, 
procellosus, tumultuosus, violentus. — 
A boisterous sea, mare procellosum (ever 
so) ; mare vi ventorum agitatum atque 
turbatum (in a single case). — Boister- 
ous weather followed, secutre sunt tem- 

BOLD, audens (in any one instance, and only 
in a good sense), audax (permanently, and 
in a good or bad sense), impavidus, in 
trepidus ; fidens (confident, assured), con- 
fidens (confident, in a bad sense) ; teme- 
rarius (rash) ; impudens, procax, proter- 
vus; liber, licens ; superbus, insolens : 
(projecting), prominentior. — Very bold, 
summae audaciue, singulari audacia. — 
A bold poet, poeta audax. — thought, sen- 
tentia audax. — metaphor, verbum au 
dacius or altius translatum. — To be 
bold (to say, &c), audere (with infin.) — 
You are a bold beggar, satis audacter pe- 
tis. — A bold brow, os ferreum ; a bold 
fellow, homo perfrictae frontis : (both in a 
bad sense). 

Boldly, audacter, libere ; fidenter, conri- 
denter. impudenter ; impavide, intrepi- 
de ; temere ; superbe, insolenter. -r- / 
say it boldly, audacter dico ; libere pro- 

Boldness, audentia, audacia, animus au- 
dax j fidentia, confidentia ; impuden- 
tia, os durum, ferreum. — Rash boldness, 
temeritas. — Boldness of speech, liber- 
tas. — Too great boldness, licentia. — 
To have the boldness to, &c, audere (with 
infin.) ; sumere hoc sibi, ut, etc. 

BOLE, truncus, stirps. 

BOLL, calamus. — Bolls of flax, lini virgee. 

BOLSTER, pulvinus. 

BOLT, inateris or matara(see Cms-. B. O. 
1, 26) ; sagitta (arrow). — Thunder-bolt, 
fulmen. — Bolt upright, plane rectus ; 

diiectus 1T (bar), claustruin, pes- 

sulus, obex. 

Bolt, v. — the door, pessulo januam clau- 
dereoroccludere, pessulum januaaobde- 
re. — To bolt one out, aliquem exclude- 

re foras. IT (to sift), cribrare, cribro 

cernere or succernere, succernere. 

IT (blurt out), projicere. TT v. n. 

erumpere, prorumpere. 

Bolter, cribrum farinarium or pollinari- 
uin ; incerniculum. 

BOMB, pyrobolus. — To throw bombs, py- 
robolos mittere. 

Bombard, urbem tormentis verberare. 

Bombardment, tormentorum, telorum, 
pyrobolorum conjectio. 

Bombardier, pyrobolarius. 

BOMBAST, verborum pompa, verborum 
tumor, inflata oratio, ampullae. 

Bombastic, inflatus, tumidus, turgidus. 

BOND. (See Band.) —Bonds (chains), 
vincula ; catenae ; (imprisonment), cus- 
todia, vincula. — To lie in bonds and 
chains, esse in vinculis et catenis. — To 
cast into bonds, in vincula mittere, con- 
jicere ; vinculis astringere. — To cast 
into bonds (prison), in custodiam (or in 
vincula) mittere, tradere, condere, con- 

jicere. IT (tie), vinculum (prop, and 

fig.) ; nodus, copula, (fig.). — There is 
a closer bond among kinsmen, arctior col- 
ligatio est societatis propinquorum. — 
The strict bond of friendship, amicitne 

conjunctionisque necessitudo. IT (ob- 

ligation), chirographum ; syngrapha (pa- 
per signed by both parties to a contract). — 
To borrow money upon one's bond, per 
chirographum pecuniam mutuam sume- 
re. — ~ To lend one money upon his bond, 
chirographo exhibito, pecuniam alicui 

credere. IT To give bonds, satisdare 

(pro re), satisdationem interponere, da- 
re ; for the payment of the money adjudged, 
satisdare judicata; pecuniae (genit. sc. 

Bondage, captivitas ; servitus, conditio 
servilis. — The yoke of bondage, jugum 
servitutis. — To hold in bondage, servi- 
tute oppressum tenere. 

Bondman, servus ; mancipium (bought or 
taken inwar), verna (bornin one's house). 
— 4 bondman by reason of debt, aere nexus, 

— The bondmen of one, familia alicujus. 
Bondsman. (See Bondman.) IT (one 

bound for another), sponsor, vas, praes, 

BONE, os ; spina (0/ a fish). — A little 
bone, ossiculum. — Of bone, osseus. — 
Without bones, sine osse, exos. — To de- 
prive of bones, exossare (also offish). — 
Bone by bone, ossiculatim. — He is noth- 
ing but skiii and bones, ossa atque pell is 
totusest; vix ossibus haeret. — I trem- 
ble every bone of me, omnibus artubus 
contremisco. — Back-bone, spina. — Hip- 
bone, coxa, coxendix. os coxae. — Shin- 
bone, tibia. — To break a bone, os fran- 
gere. — / make no bones of doing this, 
religio mihi non est, quominus hoc fa- 
ciam. — I have given him a bone to pick, 
injeci scrupulum homini. 

Bony, ossuosus (full of bones) 5 osseus, 
ossi similis, (bone-like). 

BONFIRE, ignis festus. 

BON MOT, facete or belle dictum, brevi- 
ter ac commode dictum, bonum dic- 
tum ; salse dictum, dicterium, (when 

BONNET, galerus, petasus, causia ; mi- 

BONNY, bellus, venustus, lepidus 3 lae- 
tus, hilarus, hilaris. 

BOOBY, homo rusticus, stolidus ; stipes, 
caudex; asinus. 

BOOK, liber, volumen ; liber (part of a 
work) , libellus (little writing) ; codex 
with or without accepti et expensi (ac- 
count-book) ; ephemeris, libellus, cora- 
mentarii, (memorandum or note-book ; 
journal, diary, &c). — Waste-book, ad- 
versaria (plur.). — Without book, ex me- 
moria, memoriter. — To get without book, 
ediscere, memorise tradere, mandare, 
com mittere. — To keep a book (of ac- 
count), codicem accepti et expensi ha- 
bere. 2 collection of books, librorum 

copia ; bibliotheca. — Knowledge of 
books, librorum notitia, usus. — To mind 
his book, studiis incumbere. — Trade in 
books, mercatura libraria. 

To Book, aliquid in codicem, commenta- 
ries, libellum, etc., referre. 

Bookbinder, glutinator (among the an- 
cients) ; bibliopegus, librorum compac- 
tor, (among the moderns). 

Bookcase, armarium, foruli, pegma. 

Book-keeper, calculator, qui alicui est a 
rationibus, rationarius. 

Bookseller, bibliopola, librorum vendi- 
tor; librarius (when he also transcribes 
the books). — Bookseller's shop, taberna 
libraria, libraria. 

Bookworm, blatta, tinea. — - — IT Fig. to 
be a true bookworm, studiis or libris im- 
mori ; quasi heluari libris ; totum se 
abdidisse in literas. 

BOON, gratia, beneficium, donum, mu- 

BOON, adj. hilaris, lastus, jocosus, jucun- 

BOOR, agricola, agri cultor, colonus ; rus- 
ticanus, rusticus, agrestis ; inurbanus. — 
Boors, homines rustici, rustici et agres- 
tes, rustici, agrestes. — You are a boor, 
rusticus es. 

Boorish (rustic), rusticus, rusticanus, 

agrestis. IT (rude, raw), rusticus, 

agrestis, inurbanus, incultus. — Some- 
what boorish, subrusticus, subagrestis. 

Boorishness, rusticitas ; mores rustici. 

Boorishly, rustice. 

BOOT, calceamentum quod pedes su- 
ris tenus or crura tegit : the an- 
cients wore no boots like ours ; the 
word which comes nearest to our boot 
is ocrea, but this is rather gaiters. — 
Boot-jack, furca excalceandis pedibus. 

— Bootee, calceamentum quod pedes ta- 
lis tenus tegit. — Booted, calceamentis 
etc. indutus ; calceatus. 

BOOT, v. prodesse, conducere, usuiesse, 
ex usu esse. 

Boot, subst. utilitas, usus, commodum, 
emolumentum, lucrum, fructus. — To 
boot, insuper ; ultro. — This goes to boot, 
hoc insuper additur, hoc ultro adjicitur. 


Bootless, inutilis ; cassus, inanis, vanus, 

Bootlessly, frustra, nequidquam, incas- 

sum You labor bootlessly, operam per- 

BOOTH, taberna (little b., tabernula), per- 

BOOTLESS. See Boot. 
BOOTY;, praeda ; raptum (got by robberxj). 

— Booty in arms, banners, &.c. spolia ; in 
arms stripped from the enemy, exuviae. — 
The general's share of the booty, manu- 
biae ; the state's, sectio. — To make booty, 
pradari ; praedam or praedas facere ; 
praedam or praedas agere (of men and 
cattle ; also withhominum pecorumque) ; 
rapere, rapinas facere. — To live by 
booty (robbed), vivere rapto. 

BORDER, margo, ora, labrum (of a ditch, 

for instance), limbus (on a garment). 

IT (boundary), finis, confinium. — Bor- 
ders, fines (also for the land itself). — To 
dwell upon the border of two lands, finem 
sub utrumque habitare. — Soldiers sta- 
tioned on the borders, limitanei milites. 

To Border, v. a. marginare ; cingere, 
chcumdare, coercere aliqua re. — A bor- 
dered garment, vestis limbata, segmen- 

tata. IT To border upon (of people), 

finitimum, vicinum, confinem esse ali- 
cui: — (of lands), adjacere, imminere 
alicui terra ; tangere, attingere, contin- 
gere terram. — Bordering, finitimus, vi- 
cinus, confinis ; subjectus or conjunctus 
alicui loco. — To border together, se in- 
vicem contingere. — Falsehoods border 
on truth, falsa veris finitima sunt. 

Borderer, qui sub finem alicujus terra? 
habitat ; accola, finitimus. — The bor- 
derers on the sea, qui oceanum altin- 
gunt ; maritimi homines. — on the Rhine, 
qui proximi Rheno flumini sunt, accolae 

BORE, terebrare, forare ; perterebrare, 
perforare, (bore through). — To bore a 
hole, foramen terebrare or terebra ca- 
vare. — A boring, terebratio. — To get 
out by boring, exterebrare. — To bore, 
i. e. make hollow by boring, effbrare ; the 
trunk of a tree, truncum. — To bore one's 
way through a crowd, penetrare per tur- 
bam. — through the snows, eluctari nives 
or per nives. 

Bore, subst. foramen : (caliber), modus ; 
magnitudo, amplitudo. 

Borer, terebra. 

BORN. — To be born, nasci, gigni, (ex ali- 
qua) ; in lucem edi, in vitam venire : 
(to be descended), ortum, oriundum esse. 

— with the feet foremost, pedibus gigni, 
in pedes procedere. — A Grecian born, 
in Gracia natus, ortu Graecus. — Who 
were Persians born, qui in Perside erant 
nati. — New-bom, recens natus. — Be- 
fore you were born, ante te natum. 

1T Fig. to be born (i. e. destined by na- 
ture) to a thing, ad aliquid natum or fac- 
tum esse, ad aliquid natum aptumque 

BOROUGH, municipium. 

BORROW (what is to be returned by an 
equivalent), mutuari, mutuum (or rarely 
mutuo) sumere aliquid ab aliquo. — 
money of one, pecuniam mutuam sume- 
re, pecuniam petere ab aliquo. — on in- 
terest, fenori argentum sumere ab aliquo. 

— / want to borrow money, quaero pecu- 
nias mutuas ; on interest, fenore ; of one, 
rogare aliquem pecuniam mutuam or 
argentum mutuum. — To borrow (receive 
by borrowing) money, pecuniam mutuam 
accipere. IT (for use), utendum pe- 
tere ; mutuari. — in the neighborhood, ex 
proximo. — To want to borrow, utendum 
rogare. — Borrowed, mutuus ; mutua- 
tus. — Fig. mutuari, aliunde assumere, 
sumere aliunde ut mutuo, petere, repe- 
tere. — The moon borrows her light of 
the sun, luna mutuatur lucem a sole. 

Borrower, qui mutuatur or mutuatus 

BOSOM, sinus (of the body, of a garment) : 

— pectus, animus, (fig. breast, heart) : — 
pars interior (intima), interiora (inti- 
ma), viscera : — complexus. — To weep 
on the bosom of a friend, in amici sinu 
flere. — To press one to his bosom, 
aliquem arctius complecti ; aliquem 
amplexari. — To see into one's bo- 
som, apertum alicujus pectus videre. 

— To look into one's own b., in sese de- 





scendere. — The enemy are in the bosom 
of the city, in sinu urbis hostes sunt. — 
They dug into the bosom of the earth, itum 
est in viscera terre. — To banish from 
his inmost bosom, aliquid ex intima 
mente evellere. — The secrets of one's 
bosom, animi secreta, occulta pectoris. 
— Furies which haunt the bosom, domes- 
tice furie. — To be one's bosom friend, 
de complexu et sinu alicujus esse, in 

sinu alicujus gestari. 4 bosom friend, 

sodalis; amicus conjunctissimus; arni- 
cissimus, intimus. — The ivorld holds 
all things in its bosom, mundus omnia 
complexu suo coercet et continet. 

BOSS (of a shield), umbo ; (stud, knob), 
bulla ; (of the stick on which a book is 
rolled), umbilicus, cornu. 

BOTANY, (ars) herbaria, botanice. 

Botanical, herbarius, botanicus. 

Botanist, herbarius, botanicus. 

To Botanize, herbas que re re, colligere. 

BOTCH, tuber. — Little botch, tubercu- 

lum. — Full of botches, tuberosus. 

IT (clumsy patch, Sec), pannus male as- 
sutus, cicatrix; vitium. 

To Botch, male sarcire or resarcire ; in- 
fabre or inscienter facere ; corrumpere, 
deformare, turpare ; tuberibus or ulce- 
ribus turpare. — To botch up, inscienter 
facere, confingere ; ementiri. 

BOTH, umbo (both tog-ether), uterque (both 
severally, one as well as the other) ; duo 
(in such connections as duobus oculis, 
duabus manibus). — On both sides, 
utrimque ; utrobique. — From both sides, 
utrimque. — To both sides, places, utro- 
que. — Conscience has great force on both 
sides, magna est vis conscience in 
utramque partem. — Many being killed 
on both sides, multis utrimque interfec- 
tis. — They may be said both ways, utro- 
queversum dicantur. — He made one 
camp out of both, una castra fecit ex bi- 
nis castris. — Both (where two parties or 
several on each side are referred to), utri- 
que (pi). 

Both, conj. i both — and, et — et, cum — 
turn, turn — turn. — I have lost both my 
money and my labor, et pecuniam et ope- 
ram perdidi. — Both in time of peace and 
war, turn in pace, turn in bello. — They 
kill both men and women alike, feminas 
pariter atque viros trucidant. — Have 
you lost both wit and goods! consilium 
simul cum re amisisti ? — Both covetous 
and prodigal, sordidus simul et sumptu- 

BOTTLE, lagena ; ampulla (large, big- 
bellied). — Little bottle, laguncula, am- 
pullula. — To empty, drain the bottle, la- 
genam exsiccare. IT (of hay), fasci- 
culus or manipulus fceni. 

To Bottle wine, vinum difFundere, in 
lagenas infundere. 

BOTTOM, fundus (of a cask, the sea, &c), 
solum : — (valley, plain), vallis, convallis, 
planities: — (ground-work), fundamen- 
tum, fundamenta. — The bottom of the 
sea, mare imum, fundus or ima (neut. 
pi) maris. — The anchor finds bottom, 
ancora subsistit, sidit. — To drain a 
wine-jar to the bottom, cadum fece tenus 
potare. — The bottom of the ditch, solum 
fossae. — To settle to the bottom, residere, 
subsidere. — To go to the bottom (sink), 
mergi, sidere, pessum ire. — To send to 
the bottom, pessum dare, mergere, de- 
mergere. — The bottom of a ship, alveus 
or carina (navis). — To search a thing to 
the bottom, accuratius, subtilius investi- 
gare aliquid ; aliquid investigare et per- 
scrutari ; aliquid pertractare. — To come 
to the bottom of a matter, aliquid perspi- 
cere. — I see the bottom of him, eum pe- 
nitus perspicio. — I do not see upon what 
bottom it rests, rationem quam habeat, 
non satis perspicio. — He is at the bottom of 
this, ortum est hoc ab eo. — To over- 
turn, destroy from the bottom, funditus 
evertere, a fundamentis disjicere ; fun- 
ditus tollere. — To place at the bottom, in 
imo ponere. — From top to bottom, ab 
summo ad imum. — Sharpened at the 
bottom, ab imo preacutus. — He groans 
from the bottom of his heart, gemitum dat 
pectore ab imo. — [am distressed even 
at the bottom of my heart, angor intimis 
sensibus. — At the bottom of a mountain, 
sub radicibus montis, in imis radicibus 
montis. IT (ship), navis, navigium. 

— Fig. you are embarked on the same bot- 
tom, in eadein es navi. 1T (clew), glo- 
mus. — To wind yarn into bottoms, la- 
nam glomerare in orbes. 

To Bottom. — ■ To be bottomedupon a thing, 
niti aliqua re or in aliqua re ; tenefi, 
contineri aliqua re ; cerni, positum esse 
in aliqua re. 

Bottomless, fundo carens. — Bottomless 
depth, immensa or infinita altitudo ; vo- 

BOUGH, ramus, brachium arboris. — A 
small one, ramulus, ramusculus. — A 
leafy one, ramus frondosus. — A dry 
one, ramale 3 pieces of dry boughs, 
ramea fragmenta, ramalia. — Full of 
boughs, ramosus. — Of boughs, rameus. 

— To spread into boughs, luxuriari, ra- 
mis diffundi. 

BOUNCE. — To bounce up or back, resili- 
re, resultare. — The hail bounces back 
from the top of the house, resilit grando 
a culmine tecti. — The water bounces in 
the kettles, unda exsultat ahenis. — To 
bounce into the air, in altum expelli. — 
To bounce out, prosilire ; prorumpere, 
erumpere. — in, irrumpere or irruere 
in, etc. — My heart bounces, cor mi- 
ni rite salit. IT (make a noise), cre- 

pare. — Bounce at the door, pulsare fores 

vehementer; quatere fores. H(vapor, 

swagger), se jactare, insolenter glori- 

ari. IT Bouncing, robustus, validus, 

fortis. — A bouncing girl, virgo valens, 
valida; virago. 

Bounce, subst. crepitus; ictus, pulsus; 

— jactatio, mime. 

BOUND (boundary, limit), finis, terminus, 
limes ; modus (due measure) ; cancelli 
(barrier, prop, and fig.). — To fix the 
bounds, fines .terminare, fines constitue- 
re. — To fix bounds to something (prop, 
and fig.), terminos, modum ponere ali- 
cui rei. — To set bounds to athing (fig.), 
modum facere alien i rei. — To go be- 
yond the bounds, fines transire (prop, and 
fig.) ; extra fines or cancellos egredi, 
modum excedere, (fig.). — To keep one's 
self loithin the bounds of modesty, fines 
verecundise non transire. — To keep, 
force one within bounds, coercere, conti- 
nere, constringere aliquem. — To keep 
one's self within bounds, se cohibere ; 
coercere cupiditates. 

To, Bound. (See Border.) IT (set 

bounds to), terminis circumscribere ; ter- 
minos statuere alicui rei. IT (con- 
fine, restrain), circumscribere, modera- 
ri, temperare, modum facere (alicui 
rei), coercere, reprimere. 

Boundary. (See Bound.) — The god of 
boundaries, Terminus ; his festival ', Ter- 
minalia. — To drive in a post to mark the 
boundary, palum terminalem figere. — 
A boundary stone, lapis terminalis, ter- 
minus, saxum, lime3 in agro positus. — 
Soldiers stationed on the boundaries, mili- 
tes limitanei. 

Boundless, interminatus, infinitus, im- 
mensus ; immoderatus, immodicus, (im- 
moderate) ; insatiabilis. 

Boundlessly, infinite, immoderate. 

Boundlessness, infinitas, immensitas. 

— of time, nulla circumscriptio tempo- 
rum. — of power, potentia infinita. 

BOUND (to spring), salire. — Bound up, 
exsilire, exsultare. — To bound into the 
saddle, in equum insilire. IT (re- 
bound), resilire, resultare, repelli, reper- 
cuti, recellere. 

Bound, subst. saltus ; exsultatio (a bound- 
inn- up) ; repercussus (rebound). 

BOUND. — To be bound any whither, ali- 
quo ire ; aliquo tendere. — Whither are 
you- boundl quo tendis? quo te agis? 
quo cogitas or vis (sc. ire) ? 

BOUNTY, largitas, liberalitas, benefi- 

centia, benignitas, munificentia. 

IT (premium), premium, pretium ; — 
(when a soldier enlists), auctoramentum. 

Bountiful, largus, liberalis, beneficus, 
benignus, munificus. — To be bountiful to 
one, largum, liberalem, beneficum esse 
in aliquem. — Bountiful of his money, li- 
beralis pecuilie. 

Bountifully, large, liberaliter, benigne, 

BOW (to bend), flectere, inflectere ; cur- 
vare, incirvare : — v. n. flecti, curvari, 
incurvescere. — Bowed, inflexus, incur- 
vus ; backwards, recurvatus, recurvus, 


repandus. — To bow, bow the head, se 
demittere, caput demittere. — / bow to 
one, acclinis saluto aliquem ; down to the 
ground, aliquem adoro, veneror. — To 
bow the knee, genua flectere (gen. ) ; ge- 
nua (flexa) submittere (out of respect ; to 
one, alicui). — They bow down under the 
weight, incurvantur, ceduntque ponde- 

ri To bow to one (fin-.), submittere se 

alicui, se alicujus potestati permittere. 

— Man must bow to the will of God, homi- 
num vitajussis divine legis obtemperat. 

— To bow to the ground (crush, depress), 
frangere, deprimere, opprimere ; one's 
pride, superbiam alicujus retundere. 

Bow, subst. corporis inclinatio. — To make 

a boio, se demittere, caput demittere. 
BOW, subst. arcus. — Bowstring, nervus. 

— A cross-bow, arcuballista, manubal- 
lista. — A bowman, Sagittarius ; cross- 
bow man, arcuballistarius, manuballis- 

tarius. i maker of bows, arcuarius. — 

Within bow-shof, intra teli jactum or con- 
jectum ; out of, extra, etc. — To bend a 
bow, arcum intendere, addncere. — To 
get hisfoodby his bow, expedire alimenta 

arcu. # rainbow, pluvius arcus, also 

in connection, arcus. — A bow-window, fe- 
nestra arcuata. — Bow-legged, varus, 
valgus. IT (of a stringed instru- 
ment), plectrum. 

BOWS of a ship, prora, pars prior navis. 
Bowsprit, malus proralis. 
BOWELS, (intestines), intestina ; (nobler 
inwards, as the heart, &c), viscera, exta. 

— Bowels of compassion, misericordia. 

IT Figuratively (inner parts), vis- 
cera, interiora, intima. — of the earth, 
of a mountain, viscera terrae, montis. — 
The evil is seated in the bowels of the state, 
inheret malum in visceribus reipublice. 

BOWER, umbraculum. 
BOWL, poculum, patera, phiala, scyphus ; 
cratera or crater (for mixing drinks in) ; 

— pelvis ; — aqualis, aquae manale ; — 

(of a fountain), labrum, crater. || See 


BOWL (for rolling), globus. 

To Bowl, v. a. vblvere ; v. n. conos glo- 
bis petere, globis or conis ludere. — 
Bowling, conorum lusus. 

BOX, area, arcula, capsa, capsula, cap- 
sella, cista, cistula, cistellula, scrinium, 

theca, pyxis, pyxidicula. in ointment 

box, narthecium. 9 lot-box, situla. — 

Ballot-box, cista, cistula. — Dice-box, 
phimus, fritillus, orca. — A strong-box, 
area. — Box to keep ornaments in, arcula 
ornamentorum, pyxis ; (for rings), dac- 
tyliotheca. — A clothes-box, armarium. 

— A box in a shop, nidus. & box in a 

chest, loculus. i box for plants, vas. 

— A medicine-box, narthecium. — A 

Christmas-box (present), strena. 1T(ire 

a theatre), spectaculum altum. (See 
Liv. I, 35.) 

To Box, concludere, includere, in area, 
cista ; sepire, obsepire. 

BOX (a blow), alapa (hi the face with the 
open hand), colaphus (with the fist). — 
To give one a box on the ear, alicui cola- 
phum ducere, impingere, infri-ngere ; 
palma aliquem percutere. — To box 
ones' ears soundly, aliquem percute.e 

To Box (fight toith the fists), pugnis certa- 
re. — A boxing-match, pugillatio, pugil- 
latus.— A boxer, qui pugnis certat, pu-gtl. 

BOX (a tree), buxus. — Box-wood, bux- 
um. — Made of box-wood, buxeus. — A 
flute of box-wood, tibia buxea; or simply 
buxus, buxum. — Full of box, buxosus. 
& place planted with box, buxetum. 

BOY, puer. — A little boy, puerulus, pu- 
sio, (gen.) ; pupus, pupulus, (in endear- 
ment)" — To become a boy again, repue- 
rascere. — To leave boy's play, nuces 
relinquere. — He is past a boy, virilem 
togam sumpsit. ex pueris or ex ephebis 
excessit. — Wienlwas a boy, me puero. 
|| See Child. 

Boyhood, etas puerilis, pueritia, anni 
pueriles or puerilitatis. — In boyhood, 
ineunte etate. — From my, our boyhood, 
a puero, a pueris. 

Boyish, puerilis. 

Boyishly, pueriliter. 

Boyishness, puerilitas, meres pueriles. 

BRACE, v. (bind), alligare, deligare. 

V (strain), tendere, intendere, conten- 




Brace, vinculum, copula; {bandage), li- 
gamen, ligainentum, fascia ; redimicu- 

fum. IT (of a skip), funis quo 

antenna vertitur ; rudens. IT Braces 

of breeches, fascial braccis sustinendis. 

IT (a pair), par. — of pigeons, par 

columbarum. — They are found in braces, 
hini inveniuntur. 

Bracelet, armilla, brachiale, spinther. 

— Wearing bracelets, armillatus. 
BRACK, ruptum,scissum, rima ; vitium. 
BRACKET (in a book), uncinus. 
BRACKISH, salsus, subsalsus, arnarus. 

— To have a brackish taste, salsi or sub- 
salsi saporis esse. 

BRAG, se jactare, insolenter gloriari, 
gestire et se efferre insolentius, lingua 
esse fortem. — To brag of, jactare, ven- 
ditare. — He brags of his merits, de vir- 
tutibus suis prasdicat. — In order to brag 
of their genius, &c, ingenii venditandi 
memoriaeque ostentandse causa. — Vain 
bragging, inanis jactantia. — A brag 
ging soldier, gloriosus miles. — Brag- 
ging words, ingentia verba. 

Braggart, Braggadocio, homo glorio 
sus, fortis lingua. 

BRAID, flectere, nectere, plectere (only in 
particip. plexus). — To braid a basket, 
riscinam texere. — To braid garlands of 
flowers, serta e floribus facere. — To 
braid ivy into the hair, hedera religare 
crines. — To braid the hair, comam in 
gradus formare or frangere, comere ca- 
put in gradus. 

Braid, subst. (of hair), gradus ; (a braid of 
flowers), flores textae "or plexae. 

BRAIN, cerebrum. — A little brain, cere- 
bellum. — To beat out the brains, cere- 
brum extundere, elidere, dispercutere. 

IT Fig. cerebrum, mens. — His 

brain is turned, mente captus est, de or 
ex mente exiit, mente alienatus est. — 
Is not your brain turned! satin' sanus 
es ? — To ply his brains, ingenii or men- 
tis vires intendere. 

To Brain, alicui cerebrum discutere, di- 
minuere, dispercutere ; cerebrum exci- 
pere, extrahere. 

Brainless, demens, fatuus, stolidus, de- 
sipiens, vecors. — He is a brainless fel- 
low, cerebrum non habet. 

Brainsick, mente captus, delirus, vecors, 
demens, desipiens. 

BRAKE (fern), nlix. IT (thorn, thick- 
et), dumetum, vepretum, senticetum, 

spinetum. IT A brake for hemp, in- 

strumentum quo cannabis decorticatur. 
1T (kneading-trough), magis. 

BRAMBLE (blackberry, raspberry), ru- 

bus. — Bramble-bushes, rubetum. 

IT (thorn), dumus, sentis, vepres, spina. 

— Bramble-brake, dumetum, etc. 
BRAN, furfur. — Of bran, furfureus. — 

Bran-like, furfuraceus. 
BRANCH, ramus (a bough from the 
trunk), frons (leafy branch of a bough), ter- 
mes (branch broken off with its leaves and 
fruit). — A dry branch, ramale. — A 

vine-branch, palmes, sarmentum. # 

little branch (bough), ramulus, ramuscu- 
lus ; (sprig), surcu\\is, sarmentum. — To 
put forth branches (see To Branch): — ex- 
cessively, silvescere. — To have branches, 

fhmdere. U Fig. (branch or collateral 

line of a stock), ramus ; (division of a 
gens), familia ; (part), pars. — of a riv- 
er, brachium, pars ; caput (one of its 
mouths). — of the sea, sinus, aestuarium. 
— of a mountain, ramus, brachium. — 
The four branches into whichmorals divide 
themselves, quatuor partes honestatis. 

To Branch, frondescere ; ramis diffundi ; 
luxuriari. — A branching beech, patula 
fagus. Tf To branch (divide itself) in- 
to two parts, into several parts, in duas, 
plures partes dividi. — To branch out a 
discourse, oratiouem in plures partes, in 

plurima capita distinguere. 1T (to 

speak diffusely), latius, uberius dicere, 
disputare ; pluribus dicere. — To branch 
out far, late se fundere. 

Branchy, frondosus ; ramosus, ramulo- 
sus ; patulus. 

Branchless, fronde or ramis carens or 

BRAND (fire-brand), titio (ardens) ; tor- 

ris (poet.). 1T (mark of disgrace), 

literarum nota (inusta), stigma. — Fig. 
to cast a brand of infamy upon one, macu- 
lam or ignominiam or notam turpitudi- 

nis alicui inurere ; aliquem ignominia] 

notare (of the censor). 1T (for cattle), 

nota, signum. 
To Brand one, notam alicui inurere, stig- 
ma alicui inscribere, imponere ; fig. (see 
above, to cast a brand upon). — Branded 
(prop.), literarum nota or stigmatis nota 
inustus, stigmatias (-se). — Branded with 
crime, infamatus, infamis, famosus. — 
with cowardice, ignavias nota designa- 
tus. — A branding iron, cauterium. 
BRANDISH, vibrare, quatere, quassare, 

coruscare, crispare, rotare. IT Fig. 

to brandish syllogisms, conclusiunculas 
BRANDY, potus destillando e vino factus. 
BRASS, aes, aeris metallum ; orichalcum. 
— Brass-ore, or brass-stone, lapis agro- 
sus. — Fall of brass, asrosus. — Covered 
withbrass, aeratus. — To cover with brass, 
aere inducere. — Made of brass (see Bra- 
zen). ft brass pot, ahenum. 

Brassy (containing brass), aerosus. 

IT (hard as brass), aeneus, aeratus. 

IT (impudent), see Brazen. 
To Braze, aes inducere alicui rei or ali- 
quid aere inducere; (solder with brass), 
aere ferruminare. IT (harden), dura- 
re ; frontem alicui perfricare. — lam 
brazed to shame, obduruit animus ad pu- 
Brazen, aheneus, aeneus, rereus. — Fig. 
the brazen age, aetas aenea. IT (pro- 
ceeding from brass). 8. brazen din, aure- 
us sonitus. IT (hard, shameless). — 

A brazen brow or face, os impudens, du- 
rum or ferreum. 1 brazen-faced fellow, 

homo perfrictaj frontis. 
To Brazen it out, impudenter or pertina- 
cius aliquid asseverare or affirmare ; im- 
pudentiam prae se ferre. 
Brazier, faber asrarius, aerarius. 
BRAT, infans, infantulus (-a) ; puerulus, 
pusio, puellula ; filius (-a), filiolus (-a). 
— A beggar's brat, mendici filius; — 
When you were a brat, te puerulo, puel- 
lula, infante. 1| See Child. 

BRAVE (courageous, &c), fortis, animo- 
sus, strenuus, acer, magnanimus. — & 
brave soldier, miles bonus, egregius. — 
To show himself a brave man, se fortem 
praebere, prastare. — A brave drinker, 

acer potor. IT (splendid, fine, grand), 

magnificus, splendidus, praclarus, lau- 
tissimus ; formosus, pulcher, speciosus. 
IT (excellent, noble), bonus, egregi- 
us, praclarus, eximius, excellens, prae- 
stans. — You are a brave fellow (to a 
slave), frugi es, frugi es homo. — 'Tis a 
brave thing to die for one's country, dulce 
et decorum est pro patria. mori. 
To Brave (defy), aliquem provocare 
contumacem esse in aliquem or ad versus 
aliquid, contumaciter spernere aliquid 
contemnere aliquid. — Since he braves 
me to it, quando eo me provocat. — To 
brave all human laws, omnia jura huma 
na contemnere. — To brave dangers, ob 
viam ire, se offerre periculis. 
Bravely, forliter, animose, strenue, acri 
ter; bene, egregie, pulchre, praclare, 
eximie ; speciose, splendide, laute. 
Bravery, fortitudo, animus fortis, virtus 
acrimonia, magnanimitas ; bonitas, ex- 
cellentia, prastantia ; magniriceutia. 
splendor ; ornatus, cultus,|munditiae ; os 
tentatio, venditatio, jactatio, jactantia. 

Bravo, subst. sicarius. IT Interj. so 

phos ! euge ! factum bene ! laudo ! 
BRAWL, v. altercari, jurgare, rixari. — 
with one, jurgio contendere cum aliquo, 
rixari cum aliquo, rixa mihi est cum 
aliquo. —with each other, inter se alterca- 
ri, inter se rixari, jurgiis certare inter se. 
Brawl, subst. altercatio, jurgium, rixa, 

lites (-ium). 
Brawling, jurgiosus, rixosus, rixa? cu- 

pidus ; litigiosus. 
Brawler, homo jurgiosus ; homo rixo- 
sus or rix33 cupidus, rixator ; (a brawl- 
ing advocate), rabula. 
BRAWN (muscles), musculi, tori (poet.) ; 
partes corporis musculoss ; (strength), 
nervi, lacerti, robur. — Brawn of the 

arm, lacerti, tori lacertorum (poet.). 

IT (boar's flesh), aprugna caro, aprugna, 
(wild) ; verrina caro. 
Brawny, musculosus, torosus, lacertosus, 

BRAY (pound), pinsere, contundere. 

TT (as an ass), rudere. TT (to cry out), 


vociferari, clamorem tollere, edere ; (of 
a speaker), latrare. 

Braying, tritura, contusio : — rudor ; vo- 
ciferatio, clamor ; clangor. 

BRAZEN, BRAZIER, &c. See .Brass. 

BREACH (of a fortification), munimentn- 
rum ruinse, jacentis muri ruinae. — To 
make a breach in the wall, tormentis ma- 
chinisque (zoith cannon, &c.) perfringe- 
re ac subruere murum, muri partem 
(ariete incusso) subruere. — To enter the 
city by a breach, per apertum ruina iter 
in urbem invadere or transcendere. — 
To repair the breaches, muros quassos re- 

ficere. 1T (any opening caused by 

breaking), ruptum, scissum. — To make 
a breach in a thing, aliquid frangere, 

rumpere, dirumpere. IT (violation), 

violatio. — of a league, foederis violatio ; 
violatum or ruptum foedus. — of friend- 
ship, amicitiaj violatio ; amicitia viola- 
ta. — To commit a breach of peace (not 
war), pacis fidem rumpere, pacem tur- 
bare. — To consider it as a breach of the 
league, if, fee, pro rupto foedus habere, 
si, etc. — Without a breach of duty, salvo 

officio. IT (falling out), discordia, 

dissidium. — It comes to a breach, res ad 
discordias deducitur, discordia oritur. 
BREAD, panis. — Common, every-day 
bread, panis cibarius, plebeius. — coarse, 
panis secundus or secundarius. — 
pure, white, panis siligineus. — light, 
panis tener. — light and white, panis 
molli siligine. — good, bad, panis bo- 
nus, malus. — hard, panis durus. — 
old, neic, panis vetus, recens. — Yester- 
day's bread, panis hesternus. — leaven- 
ed, panis fennentatus. — musty, panis 
mucidus. — To eat something with bread, 
aliquid cum pane, ad panem edere. — 
What is eaten with bread, opsonium. — 
The making of bread, paiiificium.— Want 
of bread, inopia frumentaria or rei fru- 
mentarias ; penuria frumenti or cibi. — 
Bread-basket, panarium, panariolum. — 
Bread-market, forum pistorium. — — 
IT Fig. (support, sustenance), victus, vic- 
tus quotidian us ; res ad vitam necessa- 
ries. — To seek his bread, victum quasre- 
re, quaeritare. — To earn it, parare ea, 
quae ad victum suppeditant. — To earn 
his bread easily, facile quaerere victum. 

— by the sweat of his brow, sudore ac la- 
bore victum quaerere. — He has his bread, 
habet unde vivat or vitam toleret. 

BREADTH, latitude See Broad. 

BREAK, frangere, confringere ; infringe- 
re ; rumpere, dirumpere : — v. n. fran- 
gi, confringi ; rumpi, dirumpi ; scindi 
(to split). — To break the arm, hip, &c, 
frangere brachium, coxam, etc. — Iwill 
break his neck, frangam ejus cervkem. — 
To break a man's head, diminuere caput 
or cerebrum alicui. — To break at the end, 
prafringere. — To break small, contere- 
re, comminuere, contundere. — To break 
a lance with one, cum aliquo in certamen 
descendere. — The zraves breakupon the 
rock, fluctus a saxo franguntur, fluctus 
frangit scopulus. — My heart breaks, di- 
rumpor dolore. — His misfortune breaks 

my heart, casu ejus frangor. IT (bring 

to yield, tame, subdue), frangere, infrin- 
gere ; vincere, domare, — the obstinacy 
of a man, infringere alicujus ferociam. 

— a horse, equum domare. — a man's 
power, alicujus potentiam infringere, 
frangere aliquem.*— The cold breaks (les- 
sens), frigus minuitur, frangitur, se fran- 
git. (See Break -up, below.) — IT (weak- 
en, crush, &cc), debilitare, infirmum 
reddere ; minuere, imminuere, commi- 
nuere ; frangere, conficere, affligere. — 
Broken in body and mind, confectus cor- 

pore et animo. My strength is broken, 

vires me deficiunt, debilitor et frangor. 

— I am broken, non sum, qualis eram. 

— To break the power of the enemy, hosti- 
um vim pervertere. — Our broken cir- 
cumstances, res fractas, fractae opes. 

IT (to break off, violate, put an end to), 
frangere, rumpere. — the silence, silen- 
tium rumpere, silentii finem facere. — 
To break his fast, cibum capere, sumere ; 
solvere jejunium ; (breakfast), jentare. 

— To break sleep, somnum interrum- 
pere. — To be broken of one's sleep, de 
nocte vigilare ; totam noctem pervigi- 
lare, noctem insomnem agere. — To 
break his word, fidem frangere, violare 




fidem prodere. — his oath, jusjurandum 
non servare, non conservare. — friend- 
ship, amicitiam violare, dissolvere, di- 
rumpere. — To break with one, ab ami- 
citia alicujus se removere, amicitiam ali- 
cujus dimittere. IT (to make uncon- 
nected), frangere, interrumpere. — Bro- 
ken words, voces interrupts. — A broken 
voice, vox fracta. — They break the ranks, 
ordines perturbant. — The clouds break, 
nubes discutiuntur, sol inter nubes ef- 

fulget. IT To break a man, i. e. make 

him bankrupt, aliquem evertere bonis or 
fortunis omnibus ; perdere aliquem. — 
To breaks i. e. become bankrupt, cedere 
foro, conturbare, corruere, cadere, nau- 
fragium omnium fortunarum facere. 

IF To break, i. e. disclose, aperire, 

patefacere, detegere ; (propose), propo- 

nere. 1T To break, i. e. refract, re- 

fringere. IT To break, open itself (of a 

sore), rumpi. IT (appear gradually), 

appetere. — Day breaks, dies appetit ; lu- 

cescit, dilucescit, illucescit. U To 

break into tears, lacrimae prorumpunt, 
erumpunt. — into a laugh, in cachinnos 

or risus effundi, risum tollere. IT To 

break a man's fall, aliquem (cadentem) 

excipere IT To break ground (plough), 

agrum proscindere. IT To break wind 

(upward), ructare ; (downward), pedere. 

1| To break asunder, confringere, 

perfringere, frangere, dirumpere. 

|| To break down, destruere, demoli- 
ri, diruere ; intercidere, interscinde- 
re, (a bridge, pontem) : — v. n. cor- 
ruere, collabi. — Fig. debilitare, in- 
firmare ; minuere, comminuere ; fran- 
gere, affligere, pessum dare, perdere : 
— v.n. debilitari, etc. ; in pejus mutari, 

pessum ire. || To break (from), se 

abripere, eripere, abstrahere, avellere ; 
erumpere. — from prison, vincula car- 

ceris rumpere. || To break in upon, 

interrumpere, turbare. — To break into, 
irrumpere, irruere ; a house, domum 
perfringere. — To break the door in, ja- 

nuameffringere. || To break off, de- 

fringere ; decerpere, avellere ; v. n. 
frangi, praefringi. — flowers, decerpere 
flores. — the point of the spear, praefrin- 

gere hastam. IT Fig. to break off 

friendship, amicitiam dirumpere, discin- 
dere. — a conversation, sermonem inci- 
dere, abrumpere. — To break off in the 
midst of a speech, pnecidere (absol.). — 
But I break off, sed satis de hoc. — To 
break off from a thing, aliquid abjicere, 
desistere re or de re. — Here the road 

breaks off, hie via finem capit. || To 

break open, effringere, refringere, moli- 
ri, (e. g. fores) ; resignare, solvere, (li- 
teras, epistolam) : — v.n. rumpi, dehis- 
cere ; scindi (of the skin) ; recrudesce- 
re (of wounds, break open afresh) ; (of 
^ozoers),utriculum rumpere, florem ape- 
rire. || To break out, erumpere ; vin- 
cula (carceris) rumpere -fig-, erumpere; 
exardescere. — A war breaks out, bellum 
ingruit, exoritur. — Diseases break out 
among the rowers, morbi ingruunt in 
remiges. — To break out (with the mange, 
with boils, &c), scabie, pustulis, etc., in- 

fici. || To break through. — the wall 

of a house, parietem perfodere. — the 
door, effringere fores. — the enemy, per 
medium hostium aciem perrumpere. 

|| To break up (into pieces), diffrin- 

gere ; comminuere, conterere, contun- 
dere. — To break up an army, milites 
dimittere. — To break up school, house, 
&c, scholam, familiam, dimittere. — 
To break up the cold, frigus solvere, dis- 
solvere, resolvere. — To break up land, 
agrum oceare ; agrum proscindere. — / 
will break up this habit of yours, adimam 
tibi hanc consuetudinem. — To breakup 
(dissolve itself), solvi, dissolvi, resolvi. 

Break, subst. ruptum, scissum ; rima ; 
(space), intervallum, spatium interjec- 

tum. IT (of day), prima lux ; dilu- 

culum. It break of day, ubi primum 

illuxit, prima luce, primo diluculo, 
(cum) diluculo. — Before day-break, an- 
te lucem. — Taking place then, antelu- 
canus. — From day-break, a prima luce. 

Breaker, qui frangit,rumpit, etc.; ruptor. 

1T Breakers, a?stus maritimi in lito- 

re ferventes. 

Breakfast, jentaculum. IT To break- 
fast, jentare. 

Breakwater, moles portui objecta ad 
fluctus maritimos arcendos ; moles fluc- 
tibus opposita. 

BREAM, sparus ; pagrus or phagrus. 

BREAST, pectus, thorax ; pnecordia (the 
cavity of the chest, with the heart and 
lungs) ; latus, latera, (with reference to 
the state of the lungs).— To receive wounds 
in the breast (i. e. in front), vulnera ad- 
versa accipere or adverso corpore exci- 
pere. & breast-wound, vulnus pecto- 
ris. — A pain in the breast, dolor pecto- 
ris, praecordiorum. IT The breasts, 

mammae (especially of human beings) ; 
ubera, -um (especially of brutes). — "Un- 
der the left breast, infra lsevam papillam. 

— Having large breasts, mammosus. — 
To put an infant to the breast, mammam 
infanti dare or praebere. — A little breast, 

mammilla. IT (as the seat of feeling, 

&C), pectus, animus. — The furies of 
the breast, domestical furiae. (But see 
also Bosom.) 

To Breast, pectus opponere alicui rei, 
alicui rei adverso pectore resistere ; ob- 
niti, reluctari. — the waves, fluctibus 
(forti pectore) obniti. — adversity, fortia 
pectora adversis rebus opponite (imper.). 

Breastbone, os pectoris or pectorale. 

Breastplate, thorax. 

Breastwork, pluteus ; Iorica. 

BREATH, spiritus ; anima (breath of life); 
halitus [from the mouth); respiratio. — 
Short breath, spirandi or spiritus difficul- 
tas, meatus animas gravior ; anhelatio or 
anhelitus (panting). — Stinking breath, 
anima fcetida, os fcetidum, oris fcetor, 
oris or animas gravitas. — = At one breath, 
uno spiritu, sine respiratione ; to drink, 
non respirare in hauriendo. — To hold 
the breath, animam continere or compri- 
mere. — To fetch, draw breath, spirare, 
spiritum or animam ducere, spiritum 
haurire. — To stop the breath, animam or 
spiritum or spiritus viam intercludere 
(seeChoke). — To take breath again, respi- 
rare (prop, and Jig.) ; se colligere, ad se 
redire, (prop, and fig.). — Out of breath, 
exanimatus. — To put out of breath, ex- 
animare. — To be put out of breath with 
running, cursu exanimari. — To thelast 
breath, usque ad extremum spiritum. — 
A breath of air, aura. — The breath of 
popular favor, aura popularis. 

To Breathe, spirare, respirare, animam 
reciprocare, spiritum trahere et emitte- 
re, animam or spiritum ducere. — To 
breathe freely, libere respirare. — with 
difficulty, segre ducere spiritum ; anhe- 
lare (to pant). — While I live andbreathe, 
dum quidem spirare potero, dum ani- 
ma spirabo mea, dum anima est. — A 
breathing, spiritus, spiratio, respiratio. 

— A breathing between, interspiratio. — 
To breathe upon, afflare aliquem or ali- 
cui, aspirare ad aliquem ; a breathing 
upon, afflatus. — To breathe into, inspira- 
re. — A breathing-hole, spiraeulum. — 
To breathe again (fig.), respirare, se or 
animum colligere or recipere, recreari. 

1| v. a. spiritu ducere; haurire. — 

the common air, auram communem hau- 
rire. — Air is fit to be breathed, aer spira- 
bilis est. — To breathe out, exspirare, 
exhalare. — his last, animam efrlare, 
exspirare. — The flowers breathe fragrant 
scents, odores e floribus afflantur, flores 
exhalant odores. — To be breathed upon 
by serpents, a serpentibus afflari. — To 
breathe a lofty spirit into a man, alicui 
magnam mentem inspirare, — Your 
face breathes love, facies tua spirat amo- 
res. — His icorks seem to breathe his spirit, 
ejus mens videtur spirare in scriptis. 

IT To breathe a little (in a speech), 

paulum interquiescere. # breathing, 

respiratio; quies. IT (to exercise), 

exercere. IT To breathe a vein, ve- 

nam incidere. 

Breathing (see above). TT A rough 

breathing, aspiratio ; the sign of it, spiri- 
tus asper. — Smooth breathing, spiritus 
lenis. See Aspirate. 

Breathless, exanimatus, exanimis ; mor- 

BRED. See Breed. 

BREECHES, braccae. — Wide ones, laxae 
braces. — Tight ones, braccae strictae. — 
Wearing them", braccatus ; braccis indu- 

BREED, gignere, generare, creare, pro- 

creare ; parere ; (of the earth, nature), 
ferre, efferre, proferre. — Where were 
you bred (bom)? ubi natus es ? — Fig. to 
breed imitators, imitatores creare. — Crime 
is bred of vice, scelera ex vitiis manant. 

— This will breed a quarrel, rixam hoc 

excitabit. || v. n. nasci, gigni, crea- 

ri, generari, procreari ; oriri : — (bring 
forth), parere, partum edere, fetare, fe- 
tus edere. — Breeding, fetura. — Good 
for breeding, feturae habilis. — To raise 

(animals) for breeding, submittere. 

IT (bring up), nutrire, alere, educere, 
educare ; tollere, suscipere ; (children 
physically and morally), educare, rarely 
educere. — To breed cattle, pecus nutri- 
re, alere, educare. — Well-bred, bene 
doctus et educatus, liberalibus discipli- 
nis institutus; (o-enfeeZ),urbanus. — To 
be bred up in a thing, alicui rei innutriri. 

— to a thing, ad aliquid educari, ad ali- 
quid a puero institui. 

Breed, subst. genus ; seminium. — Dogs 
of noble breed, nobiles ad venandum ca- 
nes. — Jn choosing the breed, in seminio 
legendo. d royal breed, regio sangui- 
ne orti. 

Breeding, partio, generatio, procreatio, 
genitura, partus, partura : — fetura : — 
educatio, disciplina, institutio ; cul- 
tus : — mores. 

BREESE, oestrus, asilus ; tabanus. 

BREEZE, aura. 

Breezy, flatibus or auris permulsus. 

BRETHREN. See Brother. 


BREW, potum or cerevisiam coquere. — 
Fig. a storm is brewing, tempestas im- 
minet, impendet. — Wars are brewing, 
bella tumescunt. — - IT (toplot, concoct), 
meditari, in animoagitare;comminisci, 
coquere, concoquere. 

Brewer, coctor (cerevisias). 

Brewhouse, potaria officina. 

BRIAR. See Brier. 

BRIBE, subst. merces, pretium, donum, 
pecunia, largitio. — To offer one a bribe, 
pecunia sollicitare or oppugnare ali- 
quem. — To take a bribe, pecuniam ac- 
cipere, fidem pecunia mutare ; never, 
adversum dona invictum animum gere- 
re. — To resist a bribe, largitioni resis- 

To Bribe, corrumpere, with or without pe- 
cunia, mercede, pretio, donis, largitio- 
ne ; pretio mercari, donis ad suam cau- 
sam perdu cere. — To bribe the court, ju- 
dicium or judices corrumpere. — He 

that bribes, corruptor, largitor 4 judge 

that maybebribed, judex venalis (pretio); 
not, incorruptus, integer. 

Bribery, corruptela ; largitio; ambitus 
(for an office). — To be perverted by 
bribery, adulterari pecunia. 

BRICK, later, later coctus, testa. — A lit- 
tle brick, laterculus. — A brick wall, mu- 
rus coctilis, latericius. — To make (form) 
bricks, lateres ducere, fingere. — To 

burn them, lateres coquere. ftn unburnt 

brick, later crudus. — Brick-work, (opus) 
latericium. — To lay bricks, opus lateri- 
cium facere. — A brick-layer, caementari- 
us. — A brick-kiln, fornax lateraria. — 
A brick-maker, laterarius. — Brick-dust, 
lateres in pulverem contriti, testa trita. 

To Brick, lateribus sternere. 

BRIDE, nympha, novanupta ; not sponsa. 

— Bride-man, paranymphus. — Bride- 
maid, paranympha. — .Bride-cake, mus- 
taceus or -um, placenta nuptialis. 

Bridal, nuptialis. IT subst. nuptiae. 

Bridegroom, novus maritus (not sponsus). 
BRIDEWELL, pistrinum, ergastulum. 

BRIDGE, pons. ft little bridge, ponticu- 

] us . — Ji bridge on piles, pons sublicius. 

— of boats, pons navalis, rates (et lin- 
tres) junctae. — To throw a bridge over a 
river, pontem flumini imponere or inji- 
cere, pontem in fluvio or in flumine fa- 
cere, amnem ponte jungere. — To break 
down abridge, pontem rescindere, inter- 

scindere, intercidere, interrumpere. 

IT (of the nose or an instrument), jugum. 

BRIDLE, frenum ; habens (reins). — To 
let him have the bridle, habenas remitte- 
re, frenos dare, (prop, and fig.). — You 
must bite the bridle, decoquenda est tibi 
animi s8gritudo. 

To Bridle (prop.), frenare, infrenare 
equum ; frenos equo injicere. — A bri- 
dled horse, equus frenatus. IT Fig. 




frenare, refrenare, coercere, continere 
compriraere, repriinere. 
BRIEF, brevis ; angustus, concisus 
astrictus, pressus. — Abrief narration, nar- 
ratio brevis. — To be brief (of a speaker), 
breve m (opp. to longum) esse; brevita- 
tem adhibere in aliqna re, brevitati ser- 
vire. — Time itself forces me to be brief, 
breviloquentem me tempus ipsurn facit. 

— Be brief with it, in pauca confer, ver- 
bo dicas, praecide. — To be brief (make 
short), in brief, utin pauca conferam, ne 
longum faciam, ne longus sim, ut ad 
pauca redeam, ut paucis dicam ; ne 
multa, ne plura, quidmulta? ad sum- 
mam. — This is the brief of the thing, hsec 
summa est. 

Brief, sabst. literte ; diploma; index. 

Briefly, breviter, paucis (sc. verbis), 
strictim, carptim, quasi prseteriens ; 
astricte, presse. — To speak or write 
briefly, breviter dicere, paucis dicere, 
brevi pragcidere ; paucis or breviter scri- 
bere or perscribere. — Briefly, bat well, 
paucis quidem, sed bene. — Briefly and 
conclusively, contorte. — To touch briefly, 
aliquid leviter tangere, breviter or stric- 
tim attingere. — To give briefly, paucis 
verbis reddere, exponere, comprehen- 

Briefness, Brevity, brevitas (dicendi) ; 
breviloquentia (as a quality). — The ex- 
pressive brevity of T/iucydides, astricta 
brevitas Thucydidis. — With all possible 
brevity, quam brevissime. 

Breviary, epitome, summarium, brevia- 
rium ; (of the Romish church), breviarium, 
precationum liber. 

BRIER, vepres, spina, dumus, sentis. — 
A little brier, veprecula. — A place for 
briers growing, vepretum, duinetum, 
spinetum, locus vepribus plenus. — 
Dog-brier, sentis canis, cynosbatos, ru- 
bus caninus. — Of briers, spineus. 

Briery, spinosus. 

BRIGADE, caterva; ala (of cavalry). 

Brigadier, ductor caterva? or alae. 

BRIGAND, latro. 

BRIGANTINE, celox (swift-sailer) ; na- 

vis piratica or pra?datoria (pirate). 

IT (coat of mail), lorica. 

BRIGHT, clarus, lucidus, illustris, niti- 
dus, nitens, splendidus, splendens, mi- 
cans, fulgens ; (of the clear sky), sere- 
nus ; (transparent), pellucidus. — Bright 
eyes, oculi vegeti, micantes, clari, radi- 
antes, ardentes, etc. — A fiery-bright, 
comet, cometes fulgens, ardens. — A 
bright constellation, clarum sidus. — The 
sky becomes bright, disserenascit ; (at 
dawn), lucescit, illucescit. — Tv be 
bright, clarum, illustrem, etc., esse ; cla- 
rere, lucere, collucere, nitere, splende- 
re, micare, fulgere. — To become bright, 
clarum, etc., fieri ; clarescere, nitescere, 
splendescere. — The brass is bright with 
use, aera nitent usu. — Bright days 

(fig.), dies laeti, candidi soles. 

IT (illustrious), clarus, splendidus, illus- 
tris, magnificus, praeclarus. — Bright 
deeds, magnifies res gestae, facta splen- 
dida. — A bright name, nomen illustre. 

— To be bright, splendere, fulgere, ni- 
tere, enitere, elucere. IT (beautiful), 

nitidus, nitens. IT (acute, ingenious), 

acutus, perspicax, sollers, ingeniosus. — 
A man of bright parts, homo ingeniosus 
(et sollers), prasstanti ingeniopraeditus. 

Brightly, clare, lucide, etc. 

Brightness, claritas, splendor, fulgor, 
nitor, candor; (transparency), pellucidi- 
tas. — The fiery brightness of the comet 
had overcome the milder brightness of the 
sun, stella cometes fulgore suo solis ni- 
torem vicerat. — The brightness (clear- 
ness) of the sky, weather, serenitas, sere- 
num. — Virtue has a brightness of her 
own, virtus splendet per se. — To lose 
brightness (of a thing), obsolescere. — 
Brightness of intellect, acies mentis, in- 
genii ; ingenii acumen. — The brightness 
of glory, fulgor gloria?. 

Brighten (enlighten), illuminare, illustra- 
re ; (polish), polire ; (gladden), hilarare, 
exhilarare. — To brighten a man up, ali- 
quem exhilarare. — the countenance, ex- 
hilarare vultum, frontem explicare. — 
the mind, nubila animi serenare, ab ani- 
mo caliginem dispellere ; acuere men- 

tem, ingenium. || v. n. illustrari, 

illuminari ; nitescere, splendescere ; 

diffundi, hilarem se facere. — The sky 
brightens, cceli serenitas redditur, nubes 
discutiuntur, disserenascit. — His face 
brightens up, frons or vultus se explicat. 

BRILLIANT, splendens, splendidus, ful- 
gens; magnificus, praeclarus. 

Brilli &.t*t, subst. adamas quadratis areolis. 

BRIM, margo, ora, labrum. — of a cup, 
poculi orae or labra. IT (upper sur- 
face), summus, with a substantive; as, 
the brim of the water, summa aqua. 

Brimful, ad margines(oras, labra) plenus. 

BRIMSTONE, sulphur. — Of brimstone, 
sulphureus. — Full of brimstone, sulphu- 
rosus. — Saturated with it, sulphuratus. 

BRINDED, maculosi colons, maculosus ; 
albis maculis ; varii or disparis coloris, 

BRINE, aqua salsa ; (for pickling), salsu- 
ra, salsamentum, muria : fig. mare (sal- 
sum) ; lacrimae (salsa?). 

Briny, salsus, 

BRING, ferre, afferre, apportare, adduce- 
re, perducere ; advehere (by a vehicle or 
ship) ; importare (bring into the country); 
educere (lead out, e. g. a horse) ; ducere 
(lead) ; deducere (bring on his way, espe- 
cially for honor's sake) in locum, comita- 
ri (accompany). — To bring (attend) one 
home, domum aliquem deducere. — To 
bring one to a person, that he may be taught 
by him, aliquem deducere ad aliquem. — 
To bring an offering, sacra facere. — 
Bring the horse, equum adducas. — 
Bring me water for my hands, cedo 
aquam manibus. — He brought his mes- 
sage, letter, mandata, literas pertulit. — 
The south wind brings rain, austerappor- 
tat imbres. — To bring from one place to 
another, deferre, deportare, deducere. — 
To bring word, nuntiare ; again, renun- 
tiare. — To bring a proposition before the 
people, rogationem cr legem ad populum 
ferre ; a thing before the senate, rem 
ad senatum referre. — To bring to light, 
proferre in lucem, e tenebris eruere. — 
To bring upon the carpet, in medium pro- 
ferre. — To bring very many misfortunes 
upon a man's house or family, plurima 
mala in domum alicujus inferre. — To 

bring trouble, molestias creare. IT / 

have brought the thing to that pass, that, 
&c, eo rem deduxi, rem hue deduxi, 
ut, etc. — To bring to extremity, ad sum- 
mam desperatiohem or in summum 
discrimen adducere aliquem. — To 
bri/ig into doubt, in dubium vocare, de- 
vocare, revocare. — To bring one to bet- 
ter thoughts, ad sanitatem aliquem revo- 
care. — To bring to nothing, pessum 
dare, ad nihilum or ad irritum redige- 
re. — To bring to ruin, pessum dare, per- 
dere, ad interitum vocare, praecipitare.— 
to poverty, ad inopiam redigere.— to re- 
membrance, memoriam alicujus rei repe- 
tere, revocare; to another's remembrance, 
alicui aliquid in memoriam revocare or 
reducere. — into subjection, in ditionern 
suam (or alicujus) redigere, ditioni sua? 
subjicere. — to an account, ad calculos 
vocare. — to pass, efficere, perficere, ad 
effectum ducere. — to an end, absolvere, 
perficere, ad finem adducere, ad exitum 

perducere. IT To bring (move, persuade) 

one to a thing, aliquem ad aliquid adduce- 
re or perducere; persuadere alicui ut,etc; 
elicere (entice, coax) aliquem ad aliquid. 
— I cannot be broughtlo believe this, addu- 
ci non possum, ut credam, hoc esse ; ad- 
duci non possum, ut hoc sit. — I cannot 
bring myself to, &c, ab animo meo im- 
petrare non possum, ut, etc. ; non susti- 

neo (with infin., or accus. and infin.). 

IT To bring, i. e. to produce, yield, ferre, 
efficere ; efFerre, proferre ; (cause), af- 
ferre, parere, movere ; (afford), prasbere, 
dare. — To bring one honor, honori esse 
alicui. — To bring a great price, magno 

venire ; magni pretii esse. || Bring 

about, efficere, perficere, ad effectum 
perducere, patrare. — / will bring it 
about for you, hoc tibi effectum reddam. 

|| Bring back, referre, reducere, re- 

portare. — word, renuntiare. — To bring 
one back to duty, aliquem ad bonam fru- 
gem revocare. || Bringdown, defer- 
re, deducere, devocare : (lessen, humble, 
break, &lc), minuere, imminuere, leva- 
re, elevare, debilitare, attenuare, atte- 
rere, infirmare, frangere, enervare, la- 
befactare : (completehj). pessum dare, 

evertere. — To bring down a history to 
the present time, historiam ad nostra 

tempora deducere. || Bring forth 

(bear, produce), parere ; ferre, efFerre, 
proferre ; movere, creare ; (bring for- 
ward), proferre, producere. || Bring 

forward, proferre, producere ; in medi- 
um proferre; (propose), proponere, (le- 
gem) ferre; (advance), augere, adauge- 
re, fovere, attollere. — witnesses, tes- 
tes proferre. — an argument, argumen- 
tum afferre || Bring in, inferre, im- 
portare» invehere ; ducere, introducere 

in, etc. ; (cite), proferre, afferre. 

IT (introduce, exhibit), aliquem loquen- 
tem or disputantem inducere or facere, 
personam (a fictitious personage) introdu- 
cere. IT (bring into currency or 

use), inducere, introducere, instituere. 
— foreign usages, peregrinos ritus ascis- 
cere. IT (reduce), ad officium redu- 
cere, ad officium redire cogere ; armis 

subigere. IT (yield, produce), ferre, 

efficere, reddere. — The land brings in 
eightfold, ager effert or efficit cum octa- 
vo. — The money which the mines bring 
in, pecunia qua? redit (pecuniae quas fa- 

cio) ex metallis. j| Bring off (save, 

clear), servare, conservare, eripere (ali- 
cui rei or ex aliqua re), vindicare 
(re or ab re), retrahere (ab re), sal- 
vum praestare, avertere (ab aliqua 

re). || Brinrr on, aliquem in aux- 

ilium or consilium vocare ; aliquem so- 
cium assumere or sibi adjungere : (pro- 
duce), movere, com Tiovere, ciere,conci- 

tare, excitare. || Bring over to his 

own side, in partes suas ducere or trahe- 

re. || Bring out, in lucem proferre, 

protrahere ; aperire, patefacere, detege- 
re, manifestum facere ; arguere, coar- 

guere, evincere. ■ || Bring together, 

comportare. conferre, congerere, coge- 
re, colligere, contrahere. || Bring 

under, armis subigere, ditioni sua? sub- 
jicere ; reprimere, coercere ; in officium 

reducere. || Bring up, educare (see 

Breed). IT To bring up the army, ex- 

ercitum adducere. — The soldiers who 
brought up the rear, milites qui agmen 
claudebant or cogebant. 

BRINK, margo, labrum, ora, extremitas. 

BRISK, vegetus, vigens, vividus, alacer, 
hilaris, laatus, ardens, acer, impiger, 
vehemens, fervidus. — Brisk wines, vi- 
na valida, fervida. — To be brisk, vigere. 

Briskly, alacri animo, acriter, hilare, lae- 
te, vehementer, cum vi. — The work 
goes on briskly, fervet opus. 

Briskness, vigor, ardor or fervor animi, 
vis, alacritas, hilaritas. 

BRISKET ofheef, pectus caesibovis. 

BRISTLE, seta. — His bristles rise, setae 
horrescunt. — A boar's back with the 
bristles set up, terga horrentia rigid is 

To Bristle, horrescere, horrere, setas 
erigere. — The hair bristles upon his 
arms, brachia horrescunt villis. 1 pha- 
lanx bristling with spears, phalanx hor- 
rens hastis. — Bristling spears, hastffi 

Bristly, setosus ; (like bristles), hirsutus, 

BRITAIN, Britannia. 

British, Britannicus. 

Briton, Britannus. 

BRITTLE, fragilis (prop, andfig.), friabi- 
lis : — caducus (fig.). 

Brittleness, fragilitas. 

BROACH, veru. 

To Broach (spit), veru (veribus) figere. 

IT To broach a cask, dolium reline- 

re (after the Roman loay) ; (terebr§0 do- 
lium aperire ; primum de dolio haurire. 

— To broach the sacred fountains, sacros 
fontes aperire, recludere. — To broach 
(disclose, reveal), aperire, in lucem pro- 
ferre or protrahere, illustrare et excita- 
re ; in vulgus dare or edere, divulgare. 

— To broach an error, erroris esse auc- 
torem, parentem. 

BROAD (icide), latus ; (spreading), patu- 
lus ; (large), amplus, spatiosus, laxus, 
magnus. — A ditch five feel broad, fossa 
quinque pedes lata. — The plain is three 
miles broad, planities in latitudinem tria 
millia passuum patet. — To be two inches 
broader than, duobus digitis excedere. — 
To wax broad, in latitudinem diffundi. 

— Abroad spreading beech, patula fagus 




— The broad sea, mare apertum. — To 
have a broad conscience, parum religio- 
sum esse. — As broad as long, quadra- 
tus : fig. it is as broad as long, eodem re- 
ditj whether, &c, nihil interest, utrum, 
etc. — Broad grounds, causae or rationes 
gravissimae. — Broad-footed, palmipes ; 
breasted, pectorosus ; shouldered, latus 
ab humeris. — Broad-leaved, latifolius, 

folio latiore. — Broadsword, ensis. 

IT (of pronunciation) , latus, vastus. — A 
broad utterance, latitudo verborum. — 
To pronounce letters broad, literas dilata- 

re. 1T (clear, open), clarus ; apertus, 

manifestus. — Till broad day, ad clarum 
diem, ad multum diem. — Broad signs, 

manifesta signa. IT (circumstantial, 

minute), latus, fusior. 11 (coarse), 

rusticus, vastus. IT (free, loose), li- 
ber, licens ; procax, impudicus. 

Broads N, dilatare ; laxare, ampHficare, 

Broadly, late, etc. 

Bbeadth, latitudo. — In breadth, in latitu- 
dinem ; latus. - A ditch ten feet in breadth, 
fossa decern pedes lata. — Breadth-wise, 

in latitudinem. 17 (magnitude, &c), 

magnitudo; momentum, gravitas. 

BROGUE, pero : — (of speech), oris pere- 
grinitas, os barbarum. 

BROIL, contentio, jurgium, rixa, lites ; 
turba, tumultus. 

BROIL, v. torrere, subassare. — on the 
gridiron, in craticula torrere or subassa- 
re. — Broiled meat, cibus in craticula 
subassatus. — To broil on the coals, in 
pruna torrere. — The sun broiled the 
bodies of the Oauls, sol ingenti ardore 
torrebat corpora Gallorum. — / am 
broiling, torreor restu, aestus me torret, 
sol me°torret, aestuo, ardeo. 

BROKER, pararius, proxeneta, interces- 
sor, interpres.— A small broker (money- 
changer), numularius. 

Brokerage, proxeneticon, interpretium. 

BRONZE, 338. — Of bronze, ae'neus, aere- 
us ; ex aere factus or expressus. — A 
bronze, simulacrum ex sere expressum, 
factum ; signum aeneum. 

To Bronze, aeneum colorem inducere ali- 
cui rei. 

BROOCH, gemma, ornamentum gemma- 

BROOD, v. incubare (with or without ovis 
or ova). — To be wont to brood, incubita- 
re (e. g. in cellis). — To brood (i. e. 
hatch young), pullos ex ovis excludere, 
pullos excludere, excludere. — A brood- 
ing, incubatio, incubitus ; pullatio. — 
To brood over (i. e. cover with the wings), 

fovere pennis. IT Fig. night broods 

upon the sea, nox incubat ponto. — He 
broods over his griefs, fovet suos dolores. 

— The miser broods upon his locked-up 
store, avarus clausis thesauris incubat. 

— To brood over (devise, concoct, &c), 
in animo agitare; comminisci, moliri, 
machinari, coquere, concoquere. 

Brood, subst. fetura, fetus, suboles, pro- 
genies ; pulli, pullities. — Doves have 
eight broods a year, columba? octies anno 
pullos educant. 

BROOK, rivus. — Little brook, rivulus. — 
A rushing brook, torrens. — Of a brook, 
rivalis. — Brook-water, aqua rivalis. 

BROOK, v. ferre. — To brook injustice pa 
tiently, injuriam Eequo animo recipere — 
He brooked the wrong silently, tacitus tu 
lit injuriam. — To brook it ill, aegre ferre 

BROOM, genista, spartum. — A broom- 
field, spartarium. — Butcher's broom, 
ruscus. .IT (besom), scopae. — Broom- 
stick, scoparum manubrium. 

BROTH, jus, jusculum ; embamma ; sor 
bitio. — Meat stewed in broth, cibus ju 

BROTHEL, lupanar, lustrum, prostibu- 
lum, fornix ; ganea. — To frequent 
brothels, lustrari, lupanaria frequentare. 

— A visitor of such, lustro, scortator. 
BROTHER, frater (also affectionately to 

wards a brother-in-law, a confederate, 
&c). — german, i.e. of the same father 
and mother, or at least of the same father 
frater germanus ; — of the same mother, 
frater uterinus, frater una matre natus. 

— Brother-in-law (husband's brother) 
levir, mariti frater ; (wife's brother), ux 
oris frater; (sister's husband), maritus 
sororis. — Brother's wife, fratria, uxor 
fratris. — Foster-brother, quern eadem 

nutrix aluit, collactaneus. — Children of 
brothers, fratres (sorores) patrueles. — 
Brother and sister, fratres. — Twin 
brothers, (fratres) gemini. — A little 
brother, fraterculus. — A war between 
brothers, bellum fraternum. — A brother- 
killer, fratricida (whichis included i/ipar- 

Brotherhood, fraternitas, necessitudo 
fraterna, germanitas, (fraternal connec- 
tion) ; sodalitas, sodalitium, (companion- 
ship, &.c.) ; sodalitas, collegium, corpus, 
(fraternity, association) ; genus, natio, 
(race, set). 

Brotherly, fraternus. — In a brotherly 
manner, fraterne. 

BROW (eye-brow), supercilium ; (fore- 
head), irons. — The bending or knitting 
of the brows, superciliorum contractio. — 
To knit or wrinkle the brow, frontem con- 
trahere, adducere, attrahere. — To clear 
it, frontem remittere, exporrigere, ex- 

plicare. 4 lofty brow, frons alta. & 

low, small brow, frons brevis. — A se- 
vere broio, frons severa, triste supercili- 
um. — A haughty broio, grande superci- 
lium, supercilium. 11 (countenance, 

face), vultus ; os. IT The brow of a 

mountain, supercilium montis, summum 
jugum montis. 

Browbeat, (torvo or minaci) vultu ali- 
quem terrere, perturbare ; aliquem im- 
pudenter or insolenter tractare, in ali- 
quem insolentius se gerere ; aliquem 
ludibrio habere. — Brow-beating, inso- 
lens, superbus ; subst. supercilium. 

BROWN, fuscus (dark brown) ; subniger 
(blackish) ; pullus (dirty brown, inclining 
to black) ; badius, spadix, (chestnut- 
brown) ; cervinus (stag-brown) ; fulvus 

Brown, subst. color fuscus, etc. 

To Brown, fuscare, infuscare. — Browned 
by the sun, adustioris coloris, solibusper- 

Brownish, subfuscus ; subrufus. 

BROWSE, depascere, tondere, attonde- 
re ; v. n. pasci, tenera virgulta tondere, 
sepem depascere, frondes carpere, etc. 

Browse, subst. tenera virgulta, frondes. 

BRUISE, contundere, collidere, elidere, 
terere, conterere. — To bruise in a mor- 
tar, tundere, pinsere, contundere. — To 
bruise to dust, in pulverem redigere, in 
pulverem conterere. — To give a man a 
bruising, aliquem pugnis (fustibus) con- 
tundere, concidere. — Bruised under a 
cruel yoke, crudeli dominatione oppressi. 
A bruised spirit, animus fractus, affiic- 
tus, dejectus. — The ships were bruised 
upon the rocks, naves scopulis allisae ve 
hementer quassatae sunt. 

Bruise, subst. contusio; contusum : ictus 

BRUNETTE, virgo subfusca ; mulier 

BRUNT, impetus, incursio, incursus; 
concursus, congressio ; vis : (blow), ic- 
tus ; fig. fulmen, casus. — To bear the 
brunt of the battle, maximum pnslii im 
petum sustinere. 

BRUSH, subst. penicillus or peniculus.— 
for coating a wall, penicillus tectorius 
— for clothes, peniculus or penicillus ; 
cauda bubula ; erinacei cutis. — A brush 

of bristles, seta. IT (assault, &x.)j 

impetus, incursus ; pugna levis. 

To Brush, verrere, everrere ; (penicillo) 
tergere, detergere, extergere. — He 
brushed away a tear, lacrimam detersit, 

— The south wind brushes the clouds away, 
Notus deterget nubila ccelo. — Brush 
off the dew, rorem excutere. — To brush 
up, pingere ; ornare, exornare ; reficere 

IT (sweep over, graze), verrere ; 

stringere, praestringere, destringere. 

it To brush by, preetervolare. 

Brushwood, virgulta ; sarmenta, cremi- 
um. — A broom of brushioood, scopee vir 

BRUTE, adj. sensus expers, sensu ca- 

rens, brurus. IT (bestial). # brute 

animal, brutum animal. IT (rough 

fierce, &c), durus, incultus, ferus, 
atrox, inhumanus, immanis. 

Brute, subst. brutum animal, bestia, be 

Brutal, by the genit. beluarum or pecu 
dum; (cruel, Sec), atrox, crudelis, fe 
rus, inhumanus, immanis. — A brutal 
fellow, homo inhumanissjmus, mon 
strum hominis. 


Brutality, inhumanitas, immanitas, fe- 
ritas, crudelitas. 

Brutish, genit. beluarum or pecudum. — 
This is brutish, hoc est beluarum. — In a 
brutish manner, beluarum more, pecu- 
dum ritu. — Brutish lusts, beluinae vo- 
luptates. IT (savage, &c), ferus, im- 
manis, inhumanus, durus, incultus, rus- 
ticus. IT (lumpish), stolidus, fatuus, 

hebes, stupidus. 

To Brutalize, v.n. obbrutescere ; erfera- 
ri ; humanitatem suam abjicere : — v. a. 
brutum, inhumanum reddere. — To be 
wholly brutalized, omnem humanitatem 
exuisse, abjecisse ; obduruisse. 

BUBBLE, subst. bulla. — A little one, 

bullula. IT Fig. res vana or inanis, 

res levissima, commentum, res ficta et 
commenticia, somnium. 

To Bubble, bullare, bullire ; (boil up), 
erTervescere : (of brooks, &c), leniter 
sonare, susurrare ; micare, salire : (of 
a fountain), scaturire, emicare. — A 
bubbling, bullitus ; aestus ; (of a foun- 
tain), scatebra. — A bubbling fountain, 

BUCK, mas, masculus ; (he-goat), hircus ; 
(male deer), cervus mas, mas dama. — 
Buckskin, pell is cervina. 

BUCKET, situlus, situla, hydria, urna; 
modiolus (on a wheel for drawing water) ; 
hama (for drawing and carrying, espe- 
cially a fire-bucket). — A little bucket, si- 
tella, urnula. 

BUCKLE, fibula. — of a shoe, fibula cal- 
cearia, calcei. 

To Buckle, fibula subnectere. 1T To 

buckle fur the fight, se accingere ad pug- 
nam. — To buckle to a thing, dare se ali- 
cui rei, se applicare ad aliquid, incum- 
bere in or ad aliquid. — To buckle with 
one, manus conserere cum aliquo. 

BUCKLER, scutum (large), clipeus 
(smaller), panna ; pelta (small, and of 
the shape of a half-moon). — A little buck- 
ler, scutuium ; parmula. 

BUCKTHORN, rhamnus catharticus 

BUCKWHEAT, polygonum fagopyrum 

BUCOLIC. See Pastoral. 

BUD, subst. gemma, germen, oculus, (of 
trees) ; calyx (of flowers; a little bud, ca- 
lyculus). — Fig. to nip in the bud, ali- 
quid primo tempore opprimere et ex- 

To Bud (put forth buds), gemmas agere, 
gemmare; germinare ; pullulare. — To 
be ready to bud, get buds, gemmascere. 

— Budded, gemmatus. — - A budding, 
gemmatio or gemmatus ; germinatio. 
ir (bud out), provertire, exsistere. 

1T (inoculate), arborem inoculare, 

arbori oculum inserere. 1T (bloom), 

florescere, vigescere. 

BUDGE, v. n. loco or ex loco se movere ; 

loco cedere, cederej fugam capere, fu- 

gere ab or ex aliquo loco. 
BUDGE, adj. morosus, tristis, tetricus, 

austerus, severus. 
BUDGET, saccus, sacculus, pera, balga ; 

fig. copia. 
BUFF, corium bubulum, pellis bubula. 

— A buff coat, tunica e corio bubulo fac- 
ta. IT Buff (in color), luteus. 

BUFFALO, bosbuffelus (L.) ; bubalus is 

BUFFET (in the face with the palm), ala- 
pa; (with the fist), col&phus. II (side- 
board), abacus. 

To Buffet, colaphos alicui impingere, 
alapas alicui ducere, aliquem pugnis 
contundere or ca;dere. — I buffet the 
waves, alterna brachia ducens fluctibus 

BUFFOON, maccijs (harlequin) ; sannio, 
coprea; verna : scurra ( jester of a hi gher 
sort, as at the tables of the great). — To 
play the buffoon, scurrari, scurram agere. 

Buffoonery, scurrilitas, dicacitas scur- 
rilis, vernilitas, jocorum lascivia. 

BUG, cimex ; (beetle), scarabaaus. 

Buggy, cimicum plenus. 

BUGBEAR, fonnido. — Fig. to be a mere 
bugbear, specie non re terribilem esse. 

BUGLE-HORN, cornu venatorium. 

BUILD, aedificare (houses, ships, towns, 
&c.) ; struere, construere, exstruere, 
moliri ; condere (to found) ; excitare, 
educere, (carry up, erect) ; architectari 
(by rules of art) ; facere : — v. n. eedifi- 




care, domum or -os aedificare. — To 
build before, prasstruere. — To build to, 
astruere, adjuugere aliquid alicui rei. — 
around, circum struere. — To build up a 
place (cover it with buildings), locum co- 

asdificare, asdincaie, inasdificare. 

IT Gen. (to construct), construere, finge- 
re, fabricate, facere. U To build up- 
on (Jig.), fidere, confidere alicui ; con- 
fidere, niti aliqua re. 

Builder, asdificator ; conditor : — arclii- 
tectus : — Jig. asdificator, fabricator, 
conditor, auctbr. 

Building (the act), aedificalio, exssdifica- 
tio, exstructio ; (the structure), usdifica- 
tio, aediticium, opus. 

Built, subst. structura ; conformatio. 


Bulbous, bulbosus. 

BULGE, rimas agere, aquas haurire ; pes- 

sum ire, sidere. IT To bulge out, 

procurrere, prominere. 

BULK, magnitudo ; moles ; (compass), 
complexus. — The bulk of a ship, navis 
capacitas IT (main part), pars maxi- 
ma, major numerus ; multitudo. 

Bulky, magnus, ingens ; (corpulent), 
crassus, pinguis; (heavy), gravis ; (sol- 
id), solidus, deusus. 

BULK (projection), procursus, crepido. 

BULL, taurus ; dux gregis. — Of a bull, 

taureus, taurinus. IT The Bull in the 

zodiac, Taurus. IT (of the pope), li- 
ters signo pontificis Romani impres- 

Bull-dog, canis Molossus (L.). 

Bullock, juvencus. 

Bulrush, juncus, scirpus. 

BULLET, glans plunibea, glans. 

BULLION, aurum or argentum rude, in- 

BULLY", homo gloriosus ; homo rixosus, 

To Bully, alicui or in aliquem insultare, 
aliquem ludibrio habere, obstrepere ali- 
cui ; v. n. gloriari, gerere se insolentius, 

BULWARK, propugnaculum, pi. niuni- 
menta, opera ; castellum : — Jig. pro- 
pugnaculum, presidium, defensor, etc. 

BUMP, tumor, tuber. 

BUMPER, calix plenus. 

BUMPKIN, homo rusticus. 

BUNCH, tumor, tuber ; struma (scrofulous 
bunch, especially on the neck) ; (hunch), 
gibba, gibber. — A littlebunch, tubercu- 

lum. IT (cluster), racemi. — of 

grapes, uva. — of ivy-berries, corym- 

bus. IT (bundle), fascis, fasciculus, 

manipulus. — of pens, fascis calamo- 

To Bunch out, eminere, prominere, ex- 
stare; tumere, extumere. 

BUNDLE, fascis, fasciculus, manipulus; 
volumen. — of rods, fascis virgarum. — 
of letters, fasciculus epistolarum. — To 
carry a bundle of books under his arm, 
fasciculum librorum sub ala portare. — 
In bundles, fasciatim or fasceatim ; ma- 
nipulating. IT (as aburden), sarcina, 

sarcinula. » 

To Bundle up, colligere, componere, in 
fasciculos colligare, sarcinulas alligare. 

BUNG, obturamentum. — of cork, cortex. 
— Bung-hole, foramen (dolii). 

To Bung up, foramen dolii obturare. 

BUNGLE, v. a. inscienter, impente, in- 
fabre facere or conficere ; corrumpere ; 
depravare ; v. n. opus inscienter facere 
or conficere. — To bungle a song, dis- 
perdere carmen. — Bungling, insciens, 
imperitus ; malus. 

Bunglingly, inscite, imperite, infabre, 
minus commode, crasse, male. 

Bungler, homo imperitus; homo in arte 
sua non satis versatus. 

BUNN, panis dulcior, placenta. 

BUOY, index alicujus rei ad imum maris 
positae or sitae. 

To Buoy up, sustinere, sustentare, fulci- 

Buoyant, quod ab aqua sustineri potest 
or sustinetur ; levis : — Jig. vegetus, hi- 
laris, alacer. 

Buoyancy, levitas; hilaritas, alacritas, 

BUR, lappa. 

BURDEN, subst. onus (gen.), sarcina 
(what a man carries or may carry). — To 

bear a burden, onus ferre, sustinere. 

To take a burden upon one's self, onus re- 

cipere, suscipere. — To lay it down, onus 
deponere. — A ship of burden, navis 
oneraria. — Beast of burden, jumentum 
onerarium, jumentum ; jumentum sar- 

cinarium (e. g. pack-horse). IT A 

ship of 300 tons burden, navis trecenta- 

rum amphorarum. IT Fig. (load, 

pressure, &c), onus, molestia, incom- 
modum, cura; (taxes), onera, munera. 

— To be a burden to one, alicui oneri esse, 
molestum or gravem esse alicui. — / 
will bear the burden of this odium, molem 

hujus invidiae sustinebo. IT The 

burden of the song, versus paribus inter- 
vallis recurrens (-tes), versus intercala- 
ris (-es) ; Jig. cantilena. 

To Burden, onerare, gravare; oneri esse 
alicui, gravem or molestum esse alicui ; 
molestiam alicui afferre, molestia ali- 
quem afficere. — The body greatly bur- 
dens the mind, corpus prasgravat ani- 
mutn. — Burdened, oneratus ; grava- 
tus ; gravis ; onustus. — To burden one 
with asking, obtundere aliquem rogitan- 

Burdensome, gravis, molestus ; incom- 
modus, iniquus ; operosus, laboriosus. 

— To be burdensome (see To Burden). — 
To become more so, ingravescere. 

BURGESS, civis, municeps ; senator, pa- 

BURGLARY, crimen alienam domum 
perfringendi or perfodiendi. — To com- 
mit it, domum alienam perfringere, per- 

Burglar, perfossor (parietum). 

BURIAL. See under Bury. 

BURLESQUE, jocosus, jocularis, ridicu- 
lus; ad aliud quoddam atque id ridicu- 
lum argumentum detorsus. 

To Burlesque, ridiculum reddere, in jo- 
cum or risum vertere ; ad aliud, etc., 

BURLY, magni corporis, grandis, magni- 
tudine insignis, vastus, ingens ; robus- 

BURN, v. a. absumere or consumere igni, 
flammis, incendio; urere ; incendere, 
inflammare, (to set inflames) ; combure- 
re (of a living person), igni necare ; am- 
burere (burn round, half burn) ; crema- 
re, concremare, (especially of the dead) ; 
ad urere (to burn here and there, as bread, 
meat) ; in urere (to bum in, brand): — (to 
hurt by burning, the hand for instance), 
urere, adurere ; (to bite, sting), urere, 
pungere, mordere ; (parch), urere, tor- 
rere ; (use for light, &c), urere, i'n lu- 
men urere or uti ; (of lime, bricks, Sec), 
coquere. || v. n. deflagrare, con- 
flagrare, (flammis, incendio) ; flam- 
mis, incendio absumi, consumi ; ar- 
dere, flagrare; uri, aduri, comburi, 
exuri ; cremari, concremari. — He 
burned his father's house, domum pa- 
ternam (lares patrios) incendio ab- 
sumpsit. — The temple of Diana was 
burned on that night, ea. nocte templum 
Dianas deflagravit. — To bum incense, 
tura adolere. — To burn to ashes, in ci- 
neres redigere ; to coals, in carbones re- 
digere. — To burn all (lay waste with 
fire), omnia igni vastare. — Sun-burnt, 
sole adustus. — To burn one's self, uri, 
amburi. — Half burnt, semiustus, semi- 
ustulatus ; ambustus; semicrematus. 
IT (to glow like fire), ardere, flagra- 
re. IT (to be hot to the touch), ardere, 

flagrare, candere. IT (to be inflamma- 
ble), ignem concipere posse TT (to be 

heated with desire or passion), ardere, in- 
censum esse, (e. g. cupiditate, amore) ; 
flagrare, conflagrare, asstuare, (e. g. in- 
vidia flagrare or asstuare ; invidiam in- 
cendio conflagrare). — I burn to see you, 
incensus sum cupiditate te videndi. 

Burn, subst. ambustio, ustio. — Green co- 
riander heals burns, coriandrum viride 
sanat ambusta. 

Burning, subst. (act.), ustio, exustio ; cre- 
matio ; adustio : (pass.), conflagratio, 
deflagratio ; incendium, ignis, flammas : 

Burning, adj. (hot, glowing), candens. 

TT (ardent, passionate), ardens, fla- 

grans. — love, amoris incendium. 

IT (biting, galling), urens, pungens, mor- 

Burning-glass, vitrum causticum. 

BURNISH, polire, expolire, levigare. 

BURROW, cuniciilorum cubile. 

To Burrow, fodere ; abdere se in ter- 

BURST, v. a. rumpere, dirumpere ; dis- 
plodere (e. g. vesicam) ; effringere (e. g. 
claustra, fores) : v. n. rumpi, dirumpi ; 
dissilire (fly into pieces) ; dehiscere, dis- 
cedere, (burst open, of the earth) ; displo- 
di, crepare,(to burst with a noise, explode) . 

— To burst through a thing, perrumpere 
per aliquid. — I burst (with anger or vex- 
ation), rumpor, dirumpor, ffndor. — 1 
burst with laughing, risu dirumpor, risu 
emorior. — The thunder bursts, fit fra- 
gor. — A cloud burst by lightning, nubes 

fulmine elisa. IT To burst out or 

forth, erumpere ; exardescere. — Tears 
burst forth, lacrimas erumpunt, prosili- 
unt ; to burst into tears, in lacrimas ef- 
fundi. — To burst from one's arms, e 
complexu alicujus se eripere. 

Burst, subst. eruptio ; (of thunder), fra- 
gor : also by a circumlocution of the 

BURTHEN. See Burden. 

BURY (inter, &c), sepelire, humare, (of 
burning also) ; humo tegere or contege- 
re (cover with earth) ; in sepulcro conde- 
re, condere ; corpus terras reddere ; ef- 
ferre, efierre foras, (carry out) ; infode- 
re (shuffle into the ground). — To bury one 
alive, vivum aliquem defodere. — To 
bury with military honors, militari hones- 

to funere aliquem humare. IT (to 

put in the ground), infodere (in terram), 
defodere (in terram), obruere (terra). 

1T (to overwhelm), obruere, oppri- 

mere. IT (to hide, &c). sepelire ; po- 

nere (dismiss; e. g. amorem) ; obruere. 

— in oblivion, oblivione obruere. — To 
bury one's self in one's country seat, rus 
se abdere. 

Burial, sepultura, humatio ; funus, exse- 
quiae. — Burial-ground, sepulcretum, 
casmeterium. — To refuse one a burial, 
aliquem sepultura prohibere. 

BUSH, frutex; (of thorns), dumus, ve- 
pres, sentis. — To go about the bush, am- 
bages agere. — A bird in the hand is 
worth two in the bush, spem pretio non 
emo. — Good wine needs no bush, bonum 
vinum pittacium or titulum nullum de- 
siderat ; res ipsa loquitur. — Bushes, 
bush-ioood, virgulta, fruteta. 

To Bush, spatiose fruticare. 

Bushy (thick), fruticosus, frutectosus ; (of 
hair), horridus, hirsutus : (covered with 
bushes), virgultis obsitus, frutectosus, 
fruticosus; dumosus. — A bushy place, 
fruticetum ; vepretum, etc. 

BUSHEL, modius (Rom.) ; medimnus 
(Greek, equal to six modii). 

BUSINESS. See Busy. 

BUSKIN, calceamentum, quod pedes su- 

ris tenus tegit. TT (tragic buskin), 

cothurnus (also hunter's buskin). 

Buskined, cothurnatus. 

BUSS. See Kiss. 

BUST, herma ; clipeus (in painting or re- 
lief on a shield-like surface). 

BUSTARD, tarda; otis tarda (L.). 

BUSTLE, strepitus, turba, turbae, tumul- 
tus, roncursatio, trepidatio. 

To Bustle, strepere, concursare, trepida- 
re, festinare, sedulum agere. — A bus- 
tling man, homo strenuus, acer. — A 
bustling life, vita actuosa. 

BUSY (occupied, engaged), occupatus. — 
JVot busy, vacuus, otiosus ; J am not 
busy, mini vacat. — To be busy with a 
thing, occupatum esse in aliqua re, in- 
tentum esse alicui rei. — Busy with ma- 
ny things, distentus or obrutus plurimis 
occupationibus ; negotiorum plenus. — 
My thoughts are busy with him, eum cogi- 

to. IT (active, stirring), sedulus. na- 

vus, industrius, laboriosus, strenuus, 
acer, impiger. — A busy life, vita nego- 

tiosa, actuosa. IT (meddling), impor- 

tunus, molestus ; qui aliena negotia cu- 
rat. 1T (anxious), sollicitus, anx- 


To Busy, occupare, occupatum tenere, 
detinere. — To busy one manifoldly, dis- 
tinere, distringere, (draw the mind this 
way and that, so that one cannot bend his 
thoughts to the thing in hand) . — To busy 
one's self with a thing, occupari aliqua 
re, versari in re or circa aliquid, se po- 
nere in re ; tractare, agere aliquid ; da- 
re se alicui rei. — with all earnestness, 
urgere aliquid. — To be busied with a 


tiling (see Busy, above). — A busying 
one's self with the poets, pertractatio pce ? - 
tarum. — To have the thoughts busied 
zoith a person, aliquem cogitare ; with 
something else, alias res agere. 

Busily, sedulo, gnaviter, strenue, acriter 
sollicite : importune, moleste. 

Business, occupatio (engagement) ; opus 
(the work); negotium ; mercatura, merca- 
tio, (traffic); res (affair, concern); officium 
(one's bounden business) ; munus (office, 
post) ; studium (eager application to some- 
thing); cura (care for something) : — it is 
thebusmess (i. e.part) of one, est alicujus. 

— For business' sake, negotii gratia. — 
Full of business, negotiosus, negotiorum 
plenus, negotiis implicatus ; to be so, oc- 
cupatissimum esse, multis negotiis (oc- 
cupationibus) implicitum (distentum) 
esse — To do business, rem gerere (gen.); 
negotiari (as a lender of money and buyer- 
up of com) ; mercaturam facere (as a 
large merchant). — To make a business 
of something, factitare, exercere aliquid. 

— To do a good, bad business, bene, ma- 
le rem gerere. — To be connected in busi- 
ness with one, ratione cum aliquo con- 
junctum esse. — I have a business to set- 
tle with you, mini est res tecum. — 
What business have you here! quid tibi 
hie negotii est ? — How is it with the 
business ? quo loco res est ? ut res se 
habet ? — ' Tis my, your business, meum, 
tuum est. — This is not my business, hoc 
non meum est, ha? non meae sunt par- 
tes. — To mind his own business, suum 
negotium gerere ; res suas curare : oth- 
ers' business, aliena negotia curare. — 
To find one business (fig.), negotium ali- 
cui facessere ; aliquem exercere. — To 
the business in hand ! ad rem ! — This is 
the true business of our lives, ad hoc pra- 
cipue nati sumus. — I make it the busi- 
ness of my life to do good to others, id 
unum ago, at quam plurimis bene fa- 
ciam. — This is the business of a life, hoc 
vitam omnem desiderat. — He is the 
man to do your business, hunc ipsum re- 
quirebas. — A man of business, homo 
ad res gerendas natus ; negotiis trac- 
tandis idoneus. 

Busybody, homo importunus, molestus, 
curiosus ; ardelio, homo occupatus in 
otio, gratis anhelans, (see Phcedr. B. II, 

BUT (in more exact definition, in limitation, 
or in opposition), sed (direct opposition) ; 
at, and more strongly at enim, at vero, 
(but however, but indeed ; also but it may 
be said) ; verum, vero, (meanwhile, how- 
ever ; vero also makes a lively transition ; 
ast is poetic) ; autem ; verum enim ve- 
ro (express or decided opposition, but in- 
deed) ; atqui (but however, but now, e. g. 
in the minor premise of a syllogism) . It. 
is to be observed that autem and vero 
stand after one or more words, the rest at 
the beginning of the sentence. — But yet, 
but however, at, attamen, verum tamen. 

— But if, sin, sin autem, si vero ; but if 
not, si non, si minus, si aliter. — Not 
only — but also, non modo — sed etiam 
or verum etiam ; non solum — sed 
etiam ; non tantum — sed etiam. — To 
be praised with a but, cum exceptione 
laudari. — Without an if or but, sine ulla 
mora, haud cunctanter, libentissime. — 
But on the contrary, at contra, at enim 
vero. — But rather, imo, imovero, imo 
enimvero. — It is sometimes not expressed 
in Latin, e. g. this is thy office, but not 
mine, hoc tuum est, non meum. 

But, i?i the sense of Except, prater ; pra- 
terquam ; excepto (-a, -is) ; nisi. — I 
saw nobody but him, prater ilium vidi 
neminem. — No one is wise but the good 
man, nemo sapiens est, nisi bonus. — 
Nothing but, nihil aliud, nisi (that and 
nothing else); nihil aliud quam (i.e. equiv- 
alent to that). — This happens to none but 
a wise man, soli hoc contingit sapienti. 

— I saw no one but you, te unum vidi. — 
Nothing could bring them into one united 
people butlaw, coalescere in populiunius 
corpus, nulla re praterquam legibus, 
poterant. — Tlie last but one, proximus a 
postremo. — There is nobody here but 7, 
soius hie sum. — What but ? quid ali- 
ud nisi or quam ? — Ml but, tantum 

But, in the sense of Only, modo tantum, 


solum, tantummodo, nonnisi, duntaxat, 
solus, unus. — I saw but you, te unum 
vidi. — I did but hear these things, not 
them, haec audivi tantum, non vidi. - 
will speak, do you but hear, loquar, mo- 
do audi. — If but, dummodo ; dum (with 
sub).). — Do but let him, sine modo, 
Do but stay, mane modo. — But too 
often, saepius justo ; nimium saspe. — 
There were but two ways (two in all) 
erant omnino itinera duo.— You have but 
the name of virtue in your mouth, nomen 
tantum virtutis usurpas. — He came but 
to-day, hodie primum venit. — But a 
while ago, non ita pridem, nuper admo- 
dum. — He is but twenty years old, non 
amplius viginti annos natus est. — It 
wanted but little, that, &c, tantum non, 
etc. ; non multum abfuit, quin, etc. 

But that (except that, if not), ni, nisi ; 
quod nisi. — But that I fear my father, 
ni metuam patrem. — And but that he 
was ashamed to confess, et nisi erubesce- 

ret fateri. • IT After a negative, quin, 

qui non ; in this use, we often drop that. 
— No day almost, but (that) he comes to my 
house, dies fere nullus est, quin domum 
meam veniat, or quo domum meam non 
veniat. — There is none but is afraid of 
you, nemo est qui te non metuat. — 
There is none but may complain, nemo est, 
quin conqueri possit. — There is no doubt 
but (that), &,c, non est dubium, quin 

(with subj.) I have no fear but I shall 

write you letters enough, non vereor, ne 
non scribendo te expleam. — None but 
(i. e. who did not), nullus quin, nemo 
qui non. — None but knows, nemo est, 

qui nesciat. IT Not but that, non 

quin, non quia non, with a subj. ; fol- 
lowed in the subsequent clause by sed quod 
or sed quia with the indie, or by sed ut 
with the subj. 

But, after cannot, non possum non (with 
infin.) ; facere non possum or merely 
non possum, quin, etc. ; fieri non potest 
ut non or quin, etc. 

But for (i.e. wereitnotfor, hadit not been 
for) some person or thing, nisi or ni ali 
quis or aliquid esset, fuisset ; (absque 
aliquo or aliqua re esset is used by comic 
writers). — The bridge would have afford- 
ed a way to the enemy, but for one man, 
Horatius Codes, pons iter hostibus de- 
dit, ni unus vir fuisset, H. C, (only in 
comedy should we find absque uno viro, 
Horatio Coclite, esset). — 7" would, but 
for hurting him, vellem, ni foret ei 

BUTCHER, lanius, seldom lanio; (at a 
sacrifice), popa (who struck the beast), 
cultrarius (who cut his throat) : macella- 
rius (meat-seller) : fig. homo sanguinari- 

To Butcher, prop., caedere, jugulare ; 
mactare (at a sacrifice) : fig., trucidare, 
concidere ; obtruncare. 

Butcherly, sanguinarius, sanguinem si- 
tiens, saevus, ferus. 

Butchery, fig. caedes ; trucidatio. 

IT (where beasts are butchered), laniena. 

Butcher's-broom, ruscus. 

BUT-END (of a gun), manubrium. 

BUTLER, cellarius, promus, condus 
promus ; minister or ministrator (vi- 

BUTT, scopus ; meta, finis IT To 

make a butt of one, aliquem ludibrio ha- 
bere ; putare sibi aliquem pro ridiculo 
et delectamento. — To be one's butt, lu- 
dibrio esse alicui. IT (blow), ic- 

To Butt, cornu ferire, cornu petere ; (of 
a ram), arietare in aliquem. — Butting, 
qui cornu petit, petulcus. 

BUTT (cask), dolium, labrum. 

BUTTER, butyrum. — To make butter, 
butyrum fare re — Bread and butter, pa- 
nis butyro illitus. 

To Butter, butyro illinere aliquid. 
uttery, cella promptuaria, promptuari- 
um ; cella penaria (where provisions are 
I aid up). 

Butterfly, papilio. — Fig. a merebutter- 
fly in love, desultor amoris. 

BUTTOCKS, nates, clunes, lumbi. 

BUTTON, orbiculus (flat), globulus (glob- 
ular). — Button-hole, fissura. 

To Button, globulorum, etc., ope junge- 

BUTTRESS, anteris, erisma. 


BUXOM, obsequens, obsequiosus, obedi- 
ens ; (gay, brisk), hilaris, alacer, laetus ; 
(wanton, jolly), lascivus. 

BUY, emere, redimere, (prop, and fig. ,■ al- 
so to bribe) ; mercari, emercari, "(prop, 
and fig.) ; nundinari (also to buy by a 
bribe). — To buy at auction, emere in 
auctione ; (of public revenues), redime- 
re. — To buy a bargain, bene or recte 
emere. — To have a mind to buy, emptu- 
rire. — Fond of buying, emax ; a love of 
buying, emacitas. — A buying, emptio. 
— To buy and sell, mercari, mercaturam 
facere, nundinari. — To buy up (buy to- 
gether), coemere ; (that others may not 
get it), pramercari ; — to buy up corn (in 
order to make it dear), comprimere fru- 
mentum. — To buy off (bribe), corrum- 
pere ; (clear by a bribe), pecunia a sup- 
plicio liberare. — To let himself be bought, 
pecuniam accipere. 

Buyer, emptor, emens ; manceps ; propo- 
la (who buys to sell again). — A buyer up 
or together, qui aliquid coe'mit. — % buyer 
up of corn (to make it dearer), qui fru- 
mentum comprimit ; dardanarius. — 
Buyer and seller, emens et vendens. 

BUZZ, susurrare ; bombum facere (of 
bees) ; murmurare. 

Buzz, subst. susurrus ; bombus ; mur- 

BY, of place (near, hard by), ad, apud, 
juxta, prope, propter, sub ; submanum, 
ad manum, prae manibus. — Theislands 
which are near by Sicily, insulae quae sunt 
propter Sicilians. — To seat one's self by 
a person or thing, propter aliquem or ali- 
quid considere. — To have gardens by 
the Tiber, ad Tiberim habere hortos. — 
A cave is by, propter est spelUnca qua3- 
dam. — Also by verbs ; e. g. to stand, sit 
by one, alicui astare, assidere : — to go by 
one's side, lateri alicujus adhaerere ; la- 
tus alicujus tegere. - — IT (present). — 
To be by, adesse, coram adesse. — When 
I am by, not by, me prasente, coram me ; 

me absente. . Tf (along), secundum; 

prater. — To keep by the land (in sailing), 

oram, terram legere. IT (past), prae- 

ter — To go by, praterire (a place, lo- 
cum). IT By sea and land, terra ma- 

rique. — They came by sea, navibus ad- 
vecti sunt ; by land, pedibus hue iter fe- 

cerunt. TT By the way, in via, in 

itinere ; per viam ; in transitu, trans- 
iens, prateriens, (also fig.) ; quasi prae- 
teriens (fig.) ; obiter (fig.). — To touch 
by the way, in transitu or leviter aliquid 

attingere. TT By the way of, per 

(through) ; or with the ablat. of the name 
of a town, e. g. he went by Laodicea, Lao- 
dicea iter fecit. 

By, of time, in the sense of at. — By 
night, noctu, nocte. — By day, die, in- 
terdiu. — So, by moonlight, lucente lu- 
na, ad lunam. IT (as soon as, not la- 
ter than), intra; ante. — By the year's 
end, intra annum. — By this time, jam. 

— By the time Rome had been built three 
hundred years, trecentis annis post ur- 
bem conditam exactis. — By that time I 
shall have arrived, jam adero. — He was 
there by day-break, cum diluculo ad ve- 
nit. — By the time he ended his speech, 
oratione vixdum finita. 

By, implying succession, is often made by 
an adverb in -tim ; also by quot. — Year 
by year, month by month, day by day, quot 
annis, quot mensibus, quot aiebus ; or 
omnibus annis, etc. — Man by man, viri- 
tim. — Town by town, village by village, 
oppidatim, vicatim. — Step by step, gra- 
datim. — By little and little, paullatim. 

— To fall at their feet, one by one, ad om- 
nium pedes sigillatim accidere. — By 
the pound, ad libram. — To pay one by 
the hour, certam mercedem in singulas 
horas dare alicui. — By ones, twos, <fec, 
singuli, bini, etc.. 

By one's self (i.e. unassisted), per se ; perse 

ipse ; perse solus. IT (alone), solus ; 

(apart), seorsum, separatim. — By itself 
(in and for itself), per se ;— viewing the 
thing by itself, si rem ipsam spectas. 

By (denoting a means), by means of, per 
(especially of persons); also by the ablat. of 
the thing or of the gerund; sometimes the 
particip" utens or usus with ablat. ; also 
e, ex. — To ask a thing of some one by 
letter, aliquid ab aliquo per literas pete- 
re. — To avenge one's wrongs by means 




of another, injurias suas per alterum ul- 
cisci. — To nourish virtue by action, vir- 
tutem agendo alere. — To know a man 
by his voice, aliquem ex voce agnoscere. 

IT Denoting a cause or its effect, per ; 

a, ab, (especially with passive and neater 
verbs); propter ; (alicujus) opera; (ali- 
cujus or alicujus rei) beneficio. — To be 
killed by one, ab aliquo occidi. — To per- 
ish by disease, perire a morbo. — The 
■world was created by God, mundus a Deo 
creatus est. — The slaves, by whom you 
live, servi, propter quos vivis. — The 
common people were stirred up by them, eo- 

rum opera plebs concitata est. IT By 

reason of, per, propter, ob. — By reason 
that, propterea quod, propterea quia. — 
Also by the ablat. of the thing ; e. g. this 
happened by your fault, vestri culpa hoc 

accidit. 11" To this may be referred 

By, denoting the thing or part taken hold 
of, which is expressed by the ablat. — To 
drag by the feet, pedibus trahere. 

Br, if e. according to, secundum ; e, ex, 
de ; ad. — By the course of the moon, ad 
cursum lunae. — By a model, pattern, ad 
effigiem, ad exemplum. — To judge a 
thing by the truth, ex veritate aliquid 
aestimare. — It is built by the authority of 
the senate, aedificatur ex auctoritate se- 

By, in adjuration or in supplication, per 

By, denoting excess or defect, is expressed 
by the ablat. — Shorter by one syllable, 
una syllaba brevior. — Higher by ten 
feet, decern pedibus altior. — By much, 
multo. — By far, longe. 

By, in some phrases. — By stealth, furtim. 

— By turns, in vicem, per vices, alter- 
nis. — By chance, forte, casu. — By 
heart, memoriter. — By and by, jam, 
mox, brevi. — By the by, sed quod 
mihi in mentem venit ; audi ! die, 

By-design, consilium alterum. — He had 
this by-end, that, &c, simul id sequeba- 
tur, ut, etc. 

By-law, praescriptum minoris momenti. 

By-stander, spectator. 

By-way, trames, semita, callis ; deverti- 
culum (that turns off from a greater ; al- 
so fig.). 

By-word, proverbium ; verbum. — To be- 
come a by-word, in proverbium venire or 
cedere ; proverbiis eludi (be ridiculed in 

I^ABAL, factio ; globus (consensionis). 

^ IT (intrigue, &c), ars, artifi- 

cium, fallacia. — PI. cabals, artes (ma- 
las), fallacies, consilia clandestina; ca- 
lumnias (chicanery). 

To Cabal, consilia clandestina concoque- 
re. — against one, consiliis clandestinis 
oppugnare aliquem. 

CABBAGE, brassica, olus, caulis. 

CABALA, cabbala ; arcana Hebraso- 
rum doctrina. 

Cabalistic, cabbalisticus. 

CABIN (small room), conclave or cubicu- 
lum perparvum ; zothecula: (ofaship), 
diajta navis -. — (hut), casa, tugurium, ca- 
sula, tuguriolum ; mapale (only in pi. 
mapalia, oven-like huts of wandering Afri- 
cans) ; officina (workshop). 

CABINET, conclave ; cubiculum minus ; 
zotheca, zothecula ; cubiculum secre- 
tius ; sanctuarium or consistorium prin- 
cipis. — To pry into the cabinets of 
princes, principum secreta rimari. — 
Equally great in the field and the cabinet, 
rei militaris peritus, neque minus civi- 
tatis regundae. 1 cabinet-minister, ami- 
cus regis omnium consiliorum parti- 
ceps. — A cabinet-council, cabinet, prin- 
cipis consilium intimum ; consilium 
reipublicae secretius. 1T (for treas- 
ures or curiosities), thesaurus, horreum ; 
armarium, scrinium. — A cabinet for 
coins, numotheca. 

Cabinet-maker, intestinarius. 

CABLE, funis ancorarius. — The cables, 
ancoralia; to cut them, ancoralia incide- 

CACKLE, strepere ; (of hens), gracillare ; 
(scream, as a goose), gingrire. 

Cackle, subst. gingritus, strepitus. 

CADAVEROUS, cadaverosus, luridus. 

CADENCE (fall of voice), positio vocis; 
modulation), flexio vocis or modorum ; 
measure, fiow), modi, moduli, modula- 
tio; (fiow, march), ingressus, ingres- 
sio, cursus, (orationis) ; (sound), so- 

CADET, Alius or frater natu minor or 
mnimus; puer ad militiam publice in- 

CAGE, cavea (for birds or beasts) ; claus- 
trum (for beasts). 

To Cage, includere ; in carcerem inclu- 

CAITIFF, scelestus ; scelus. 

CAJOLE, blandiri alicui, permulcere ali- 
quem, palpare alicui, lactare aliquem. 
— To cajole one out of his money, aliquid 
numulorum ab aliquo blanditiis expri- 

Cajoler, blandus homo. 

CAKE, placenta; libum (especially sacri- 
fice-cake, birth-day cake) : (mass, lump), 

massa ; crusta. — Cakes, panificia A 

baker of cakes, pistor dulc.iarius ; libari 

To Cake, concrescere ; coire, coagulari, 
spissari : — v. a. in massam redigere 
densare, condensare. — Caked, concre 

CALAMITY, calamitas, malum, dam- 
num -, miseria, miseriarum tempestas. 

Calamitous, calamitosus, funestus ; mi- 

CALASH, rheda. 

CALCAREOUS, calci similis. 

CALCINE, v. a. in calcem vertere ; v. n. 
in calcem verti. 

CALCULATE, computare, supputare ; 
alicujus rei rationem inire ; ad cal- 
culos vocare, devocare aliquid; cal- 
culos ponere, subducere in re ; com- 
putando efficere (bring out by calcula- 
tion); (estimate), aestimare. — expenses, ad 
calculos vocare sumptus. — the course 
of the stars, stellarum or siderum cursus 
et motus numeris persequi. — The loss 
cannot be calculated, damnum majus est, 
quam quod aestimari possit. — Fig. to 
calculate all the circumstances, difficulties, 
&c. of a thing, ponere calculos in utra- 

que parte. IT (set down at this or 

that), expensum ferre alicui ; acceptum 
referre alicui. — the interest at four per 
cent, a month, fenus quaternis centesi- 

mis ducere. IT (make for a certain 

end), accommodare aliquid ad aliquam 
rem. — a thing for terror, aliquid ad 
terrorem componere. 

Calculation, computatio, supputatio, ra- 
tio, calculi, ratio subducta or subducen- 

Calculator, qui rationes computat ; ra- 

CALDRON, ahenum ; lebes (only of 

CALENDAR, fasti, calendarium ; ephe- 
meris (journal, diary). 

CALENDER cloth, pannum levigare, po- 
lice, expolire, nitidum reddere. 

Calender, subst. tormentum. 

Calendrer, fullo. 

CALENDS, calendae. 

CALF, vitulus ; vitula (heifer) : (human 
calf), vervex, stipes. — A little calf, vi- 
tellus ; vitulus tener. — Of a calf, vitu- 
linus. — Of calf-skin (leather), e corio 
vitulino factus. IT (of the leg), su- 

To Calve, vitulum parere. 

CALIBER. See -Bore. 

CALK a ship, navem picare. 

CALL, vocare. — aloud, clamare, excla- 
mare. — one by name, nominatim ali- 
quem vocare, nomine aliquem appella- 
re. — several times to one, aliquem semel 
ac saspius inclainare. — away, avocare. 
— back, revocare. — down, devocare. — 
for one, aliquem ad se vocare ; aliquem 
arcessere (fetch) ; evocare, excire, (com- 
mand one's presence). — for a thing, pos- 
cere ; postulare. —for help, opem implo- 
rare. — forth, evocare ; excitare. — To 
call one in, intro vocare aliquem ; one's 
money, pecunias exigere. — To call off, 
avocare ; dehortari. — over (e. g. names), 
recensere, recitare, perlegere. — out, 
evocare; (challenge), provocare ;(excite), 
excitare, commovere. — together, con- 
vocare. — up (in the morning), suscita- 
re, excitare, expergefacere ; (excite), ex- 
citare, movere, commovere ; (call from 
the dead), excitare ab infrris. — upon, 
appellare ; to call upon one to recite, ali- 


quern excitare ; for payment, admonere, 
interpellare ; for an account, rationem 
ab aliquo reposcere ; for some work, ad 
opus sollicitare : — to call upon (invoke), 

in vocare ; implorare ; obtestari. 

IT (name), vocare, appellare, dicere. — / 
am called Marcus, mihi est nomen Mar- 
cus or Marco, or (more rarely) Marci ; or 
Marcus vocor. — lam called wise, sapi- 
ens dicor. — I call it mine, id meum vin- 
dico. — To call things by their right 
names, suo quamque rem nomine appel- 
lare. IT (convoke), con vocare. — — 

IT (summon into court), citare. 1T To 

call upon (i. e. visit) one, visere, invisere, 
(in order to ask about his health) ; adire, 
convenire, (for the sake of talking or 
treating with him) ; ad aliquem salutan- 
dum venire, aliquem salutare, (pay one's 
respects). — To be in the habit of calling 
at a man's house, frequentare domum 
alicujus. *> 

Call, subst. vox ; vocatus. — To come at 
one's call, alicujus vocatu or ab aliquo 
vocatum or invitatum venire. IT (de- 
mand), flagitatio, postulatio, postula- 

tum. if (invocation), invocatio, im- 

ploratio. IT (offer of an office), munua 

oblatum ; also in connection conditio. 
IT (instrument), fistula aucupatoria. 

Calling, vocatus ; munus, ofiicium, par- 
tes ; ars, qufestus. 

CALLOUS (prop.), callosus. — To become 
callous, callum ducere, occalescere. — 

To be so, callere. IT Fig. to be callous 

to a thing, lente ferre aliquid. — lam 
callous to grief, animus ad dolorem ob- 
duruit. — "He is callous to all pity, durus 
homo est ; omnem humanitatem exuit, 

Callousness, callum or callus (callus) : 
fig. callum, lentus animus, indolentia; 
durus animus. 

CALLOW, implumis. 

CALM, tranquillus, placidus, quietus, 
pacatus, placatus, sedatus, compositus. 
— sea, mare tranquillum, placidum. — 
sleep, somnus placidus. — life, vita qui- 
eta, tranquiila, placida, otiosa. — To 
write in a calmer mood, sedatiore animo 
scribere. — Be calm (of good cheer)! bo- 
no sis animo ! — The sea is calm, mare 
tranquillum (pacatum, stilled) est ; silet 
asquor ; torpent aequora. 

Calm, Calmness, subst. (of the sea), tran- 
quillitas (when free from storm), malacia 
(a dead calm) ; fig. tranquillitas animi, 
animus tranquillus, aequus, (animi) 
aequitas ; quies, otium, pax, silentium. 

To Calm, tranquillare, pacare, sedare, 
placare, permulcere, lenire. — anger, ira- 
cundiam reprimere, iram sedare, lenire. 

Calmly, quiete, tranquille, placide, quie- 
to animo, placato animo, sedate. 

CALTROPS (used in war for pricking 
horses' feet), murices ferrei. IT Cal- 
trop (a plant), tribulus. 

CALUMNY, calumnia ; criminatio. 

Calumnious, calumniosus (of a person) ; 
falsas criminationes continens. 

Calumniate, calumniari ; criminari ali- 
quem, falsi criminatione (falsis crimi- 




nationibus) uti in aliquem ; de fama ali- 
cujus detrahere ; alicui absenti male 

Calumniator, calumniator, criminator. 

CALVE. See Calf. 

CAMBRIC, carhasus. — Of cambric, car- 
baseus, carbasinus. 

CAMEL, camelus. — Of one, camelinus. 

CAMP, castra (pi.) ; tentoria, pelles, 

(tents). 1 summer camp, winter camp, 

aestiva (sc. castra), hiberna (sc. castra). 
— To select a position for a camp, locum 
castris idoneum deligere ; locum cas- 
tris capere. — ■ To pitch a camp, castra lo- 
care, ponere, collocare, constituere ; 
tendere (stretch the tents). — To raise a 
camp, tabernacula detendere (strike the 
tents) ; castra movere, promovere, pro- 
ferre. — To take the enemy's camp, hos- 
tem castris exuere. — Of or pertaining 
to a camp, castrensis. 

CAMPAIGN (open country), campus, pla- 
nuses, locus campestris. IT (in 

war), bellum ; stipendium ; sometimes 
expeditio. — To make his first campaign, 
militiam auspicari ; primum stipendium 
merere. — To open the campaign again, 
copias ex hibernaculis extrahere. — Our 
arms have been successful this campaign, 
bellum hoc anno felicitergestum est. 

CAN, possum, queo ; licet, licet mini ; 
copia mini est alicujus rei faciendae. — 
/ cannot, non possum ; non queo, ne- 
queo It can be, fieri potest, esse po- 
test, (is possible) ; credibile est (is credi- 
ble) ; factum esse potest (can have taken 
place). — I cannot accuse (i. e. have no 
reason to accuse) old age, nihil habeo, 
quod incusem senectutem. — / cannot 
pay, non sum solvendo l , bear a burden, 
non sum oneri ferendo. — / speak as 
loud as lean, quam possum maxima vo- 
ce dico. — As much as I could, quantum 
facere potui. — / cannot bear to behold a 
thing, non sustineo aspicere aliquid. — 
As soon as can be, primo quoque tempo- 
re. — How can you tell ? qui scis ? — / 
cannot forbear to send to you, facere non 
possum, quin ad te mittatn. — The busi- 
ness is as bad as it can be, pejore loco res 
non potest esse. — Do what you can to 
get it done, operam, ut fiat, da. — It is 
also expressed by tenses of the subj. mood ; 
e. g. he explained the thing so clearly that 
all could see, rem tam perspicue expli- 
cuit, ut omnes intelligerent ; who can 

doubt 7 quis dubitet ? IT / can do this 

or that (i. e. I know hoio), scire, peritum 
esse. — I can, cannot paint, pingere scio, 
nescio. — He can draw (well), graphi- 
dos peritus est. — He can speak Greek, 
Grace scit, Greece loqui didicit or scit. 

CAN, subst. cantharus (to drink from) ; 
hirnea, hirnula, (to pour from). 

CANAL, canalis (gen.) ; fossa (uniting 
two bodies or streams of water). — To dig 
a canal, fossam facere, deprimere. 

CANCEL (blot out), delere ; (make void), 
tollere, abolere, abrogare, rescindere. — 
I cancelled the verses [had made, poema, 
quod composueram, incidi. 

CANCER, cancer (the sign or sore) ; can- 
ceroma, carcinoma, (the sore). — Of a 
cancer, canceraticus. — A sore like a 
cancer, carcinodes (n.). 

To Cancerate, cancerare. 

CANDID, probus, sincerus, verus, sine 
fuco et fallaciis, integer ; candidus, sim- 
plex, apertus, ingenuus. — A candid 
judge, judex incorruptus. — To make a 
candid confession of a thing, aliquid aper- 
te et ingenue confiteri. 

Candidly, sincere, vere ; candide, sim- 
pliciter; genuine, ingenue ; aperte ; ex 
animo; sine fraude, sine dolo. — Can- 
didly 1 bonane fide ? — I will speak can- 
didly, ex animi sentential dicam. 

Candor, probitas, sinceritas, integritas, 
simplicitas, animi candor. 

CANDIDATE, candidatus ; petitor, com- 
petitor : fig. qui petit, appetit, competit 
aliquid, annititur ad aliquid ; petitor. — 
for the consulship, candidatus consula- 
ris. — for the ministry, candidatus eccle- 
siasticus. — Relating to a candidate, 

CANDLE, cereus (waxen), candela (tal- 
low). — Candlestick, lychnuchus, cande- 
labrum. — To work bij candle-light, lucu- 
brare. — By candle-light, ad candelam 
(-as) 5 ad lucernam (-as). 

CANDOR See Candid. 

CANDY, saccharum crystallinum. 

To Candy, saccharum incoquere alicui 
rei, saccharo condire ; v. n. saccharo 
crustari. — A candied tongue, lingua 

CANE, arundo ; (sugar-cane), arundo sac- 

chari, saccharum. IT (staff), bacu- 

lum, scipio. — To go with a cane, inniti 
baculo ; artus baculo sustinere. — A lit- 
tle cane, bacillum. 

To Cane one, baculum alicui impingere ; 
aliquem baculo coecere. 

CANISTER, canistrum (basket) ; pyxis 

CANKER (worm), eruca: — (sore), ul- 
cus, cancer, canceroma; in the mouth, 
aphthae : — (rust), rubigo ; of brass, 
aerugo: — (dog-rose), rosa canina, sen- 
tis canis : — (pest), pestis, pernicies. 

To Canker, v. a. rodere, corrodere, cor- 
rumpere, vitiare, depravare ; consume- 
re : — v. n. rubiginem contrahere, rubigi- 
ne lffidi, in aeruginem incidere ; rodi, 
corrumpi, vitiari, depravari. — Canker- 
ed, rubiginosus, aeruginosus ; corrup- 
tus, etc. 

CANNIBAL, qui came humana. or homi- 
num corporibus vescitur ; Anthropopha- 

CANNON, tormentum bellicum. — To 
charge one, pulverem cum globo in tor- 
mentum indere. — To fire one, tormen- 
tum mittere, emittere. — Cannon-ball, 
globus tormentarius ; globus tormento 
missus. — Out of cannon-shot, extra tor- 
menti conjectum. 

Cannonade, v. n. tormenta mittere ; v. a. 
tormentis verberare. 

Cannonier, miles tormentarius. 

CANOE, linter. 

CANON, lex ; pnescriptum, praceptum ; 
regula, norma, (these two collectively, 

canons; never in pi.). IT Canon law, 

jus canonicum. 1T The sacred canon, 

librorum sacrorum numerus or familia. 
1T (as a dignitary), canonicus. 

Canonical (of writings), qui in numero 

sacrorum librorum habetur or est. 

IT (regular), legibus canonicis or eccle- 
siasticis constitutus, Justus, legitimus. 

1T (ecclesiastical), canonicus, eccle- 


Canonist, juris canonici professor. 

Canonize, in sanctorum numerum refer- 

CANOPY, aulaeum ; umbraculum ; ve- 
larium (awn<ng). 

Canopied, velatus. 

CANT (gibberish), perplexa ratio loquen- 
di, verba perplexa ; (technical expres- 
sions), vocabulaquae inquaque arte ver- 
santur, vocabula artificum propria, vo- 
cabula artis : (affected whine), vox ficta 
simulataque, sermo Actus simulatus- 
que, and more widely species fictae pieta- 
tis, ficta religio ; (low talk), sermo ex 
triviis sumptus, vocabula ex triviis ar- 
repta, vilitas sermonis, dictionis. — A 
cant word among sailors, vocabulum 
nauticum ; in camp, vocabulum castren- 
se ; of painters, vocabulum pictura, vo- 
cabulum pictoribus usitatnm. 

To Cant, perplexe loqui: more artificum 
loqui: pietatem verbis simulare : trivia- 
li sermone uti. 

CANTO, liber. 

CANTON, pagus. 

To Canton, in pagos dividers ; v. n. sta- 
tiva habere (aliquo loco). 

Cantonment, castra (stativa). 

CANVASS, canava, canevasium ; (sails), 
carbasa, lintea ; (tents), tentoria, taber- 
nacula ; (a picture), tabula. IT (a 

canvassing for votes), ambitio, prensatio. 

To Canvass, ambire, prensare : (consid- 
er, discuss), expendere, perpendere, ex- 
aminare, animo agitare, in concionibus 
agitare, etc. 

CAP (for men), galerus, pileus, tegmen 
capitis; (little cap), galericulum, pileo- 
lus: (for women), calantica, mitra. — 
Wearing a cap, galeritus, pileatus ; ca- 

lanticam, etc., gerens. IT (cover like 

a cap), petasus ; causia ; operculum. 
IT The cap of, summus. 

To Cap, superintegere ; insuper impone- 

re. IT To cap verses, (alternis) versi- 

bus contendere. 

CAP-A-PIE. — Armed cap-a-pie, a vertice 
ad talos armatus. 


CAPABLE, capax alicujus rei ; aptus, 
idoneus alicui rei ; sollers, ingeniosus ; 
probus, bonus ; docilis. — of accomplish- 
ing any thing whatever, nihil non effice- 
re potest. — A capable guardian, tutor 
idoneus. — workman, artifex probus, 
bonus. — judge, voucher, judex, auctor 
idoneus. — A man capable of ruling, vir 
imperii capax. — He is capable of commit- 
ting any crime, ab illo nullum facinus 

Capability, facultas alicujus rei (geren- 

CAPACIOUS (able to hold), capax; 
(roomy), capax, amplus, laxus, spatio- 
sus, magnus. — A capacious mind, inge- 
nium capax. 

Capacity, capacitas ; ingenium, ingenii 
facultas, sollertia, dotes animi ; captus, 
intelligentia, prudentia. — The capacity 
of a vessel, vasis capacitas. — To come 
down to the capacity of the scholar, ad 
mensuram discentis se submittere ; of 
his hearers, ad intellectum auditorum 
descendere. — According to the common 
capacity, ut est hominum captus. — To 
have a natural capacity for a thing, alicu- 
jus rei gerenda; a natura adjumenta ha- 
bere. TT (character, <fec), munus, 

officium, conditio, partes. 

Capacitate, aliquem instruere ad ali- 

CAPE (of land), promontorium ; (of a gar- 
ment), collare. 

CAPER, saltus ; fig. , exsultatio, petulan- 
tia, lascivia. — To cut capers, exsulta- 
re, lascivire. 

To Caper, saltare, exsultare, lascivire. 

CAPILLARY, tenuissimus,subtilissimus. 

CAPITAL, adj. (touching life), capitalis ; 
(main, chief), primus, princeps, praci- 
puus, summus, maximus ; (excellent), 
egregius, eximius. — This is the capital 
point, hoc caput est, hoc summum, 

maximum est. IT Capital letter, lite- 

ra inceptiva or initialis ; litera majuscu- 

Capital, subst. (money), pecuniae, nu- 
mi, also res ; (as distinct from interest), 
caput, sors, vivuni. — Idle capital, pecu- 
niae otiosaj. — To draw upon one's capi- 
tal, de vivo detrahere. 1T (capital 

letter), see above. 17 (of a country), 

caput or caput regni ; urbs nobilissima. 
IT (of a pillar), capitulum. 

Capitalist, homo pecuniosus, bene nu- 

CAPITULATE, de conditionibus tracta- 
re : — (of soldiers), arma conditione po- 
nere ; (of a town), certis conditionibus 
hostibus tradi. 

Capitulation, conditiones (deditionis). 

CAPON, capus, capo ; gallus castratus. 

CAPRICE, animi impetus ; libido ; com- 
mentum mirum : (see also Capricious- 
ness). — Caprices, ineptiae, nugte ; opi- 
nionum commenta. 

Capricious, difficilis ; libidinosus ; levis, 
inconstans, varius, mutabilis, mobilis ; 

Capriciousness, natura difficilis; petu- 
lantia ; inconstantia, levitas. — of for- 
tune, inconstantia fortunae. 

CAPTAIN (commander), praefectus, dux, 
imperator. — A great captain, impera- 

tor summus. H(of a company), cen- 

turio. — To be such, ordinem ducere. 

IT (of a ship), navicularius (owner) ; 

navis magister (master) ; navis prafec- 
tus, (naval commander). 

CAPTIOUS, morosus, difficilis, super- 
bus ; reprehendendi studiosus ; spino- 
sus. — A man captious as to words, au- 

ceps verbornm. 1T (insidious), cap- 

tiosus, insidiosus. — A captious ques- 
tion, captio, interrogate captiosa. 

Captiously, superbe, morose ; captiose ; 

Captiousness, natura difficilis, morosa, 
reprehendendi studium ; captio, cavil- 
latio, interrogationes captiosas, spinae. 
— in ibords, aucupium verborum. 

CAPTIVE, adj. captus, captivus. 

Captive, subst. captus, captivus. 

Captivity, captivitas ; servitus (when 
joined with slavery). 

Captivate, Captive, capere; fig., cape- 
re, rapere, occupare, allicere, pellicere, 
tenere. — Captivating (charming), quod 
ad se attrahit, nos capit or delectatione 
allicit : venustus. II See Charm. 


Captor, qui capit, capiat, cepit, etc. ; ex- 
pugnator (of a town) 

Capture, captura (of prey, Sec.) ; occupa- 
tio, expugnatio ; and by a circumlocution. 

To Capture, capere, occupare,' potiri 
(■with abl.), expugnare. 

CAR, carrus, carrum ; birota, birotum, 
(two-wheeled) ; poet, currus. 

Carman, plaustrarius. 

CARAVAN, comitatus; peregrinatio ar- 
mata mercatorum. 

Caravansary, xenodocheum. 

CARCASS, cadaver ; corpus mortuum, 
corpus; (improp.), corpusculum. — The 
carcass of a sheep, ovis morticina. 

CARD, charta ; tabula, tabella. — Visit- 
ing-card, charta or tessera salutatrix. — 
Playing-card, charta or scida lusoria. — 
To play at cards, chartis or scidis lude- 
re. 1T (for wool), carmen. 

To Card, carminare. — A carding, carmi- 

Carder, carminator. 

CARDINAL, adj. primus, princeps, pra- 
cipuus ; cardiualis. — winds, numbers, 
venti, numeri cardinales. 

Cardinal, subsi. cardinalis. — A cardi- 
nal's hat, tiara cardinalis. 

CARE, cura; diligentia; curatio alicu- 
jusrei (the care, conduct, Szc, of a thing). 

— Care in a business, accuratio in ali- 
qua re facienda. — Acting with care, 
diligens. — Made with care, accuratus. 

— With care, accurate ; the utmost, dili- 
gentissime, accuratissime. — Without 
care, sine cura. or diligentia., soluta cu- 
l 'i- — To bestow' care upon a thing, cu- 
ram adhibere de re or in re, curam im- 
pendere rei. — To undertake the care of 
a thing, curationem alicujusrei suscipe- 
re - — The care of that lies upon me, illud 
est curationis meee. — I have a care of 

that, illud mihi cura est To take care 

of, curare ; procurare. — Take care of 
your health, cura ut valeas. — / wish you 
would have a care of that matter, ill am 
rem velim cura habeas. — I commit it to 
your care, mando hoc turn fidei or 

tibi. IT (concern, anxiety), cura; 

sollicitudo. — To bring one care, 
sollicitare aliquem ; curam, sollicitudi- 
nem afferre alicui; sollicitum habere 
aliquem. — To be harassed with cares, 
curis angi ; worn, curis absumi or confi- 
ci. — To throw off all cares, curas abji- 
cere. — Be without care! noli laborare ! 
bono sis animo!— To be in care and 
anxiety, anxio et sollicito esse animo. 

11 (the object of care), cura. — This is 

my care, hoc mini cura est. IT (cau- 
tion), cautio, circumspectio. — To have 
a care, cavere, ne, etc. ; videre, ne, etc. ; 
of a thing, cavere aliquid, pracavere ab 
aliqua re. — To act with care, omnia cir- 
cumspicere. — To use all possible care, 
omne genus cautionis adhibere. — To 
take care fur, consulere, prospicere, ser- 
vire alicui rei ; providere aliquid or ali- 
cui rei, prospicere aliquid. 

To Care (grieve), sollicitudinem habere, 
aegntudine affici, se afflictare. — about a 
thing, laborare, sollicitum esse de re. 

1T To care for a thing (attend to it, 

take care of it, regard it), laborare de ali- 
qua re ; curare aliquid ; cura mihi est 
aliquid ; alicujus rei rationem habere or 
ducere ; aliquid respicere ; alicui rei 

prospicere Not to care for, negligere, 

non curare. — To care for nothing at all, 
nihil omnino curare (of the gods)° soluto 
et quieto esse animo (of men). — To care 
about other men's business, aliena curare. 
— / care not what others think, non euro, 
quid ahicenseant. — What care I about 

that matter 1 quid mihi cum ilia re? 

IT To care for, i. e. regard, love, colere, 

diligere, magni facere H / do not 

care (i.e. I would rather not), non euro 
(with infin.). 

Careful (troubled), sollicitus, cura, solli- 
citudine, aegritudine affectus, asger ani- 
mo or -i ; (attentive), curiosus, accura- 
tus, diligens ; (provident), providus, 
cautus, circumspectus, prudens. 

Careless, securus ; socors ; negligens, 
improvidus,incautus ; immemor. — To 
be careless of, negligere. 

Carelessness, securitas, socordia, negli- 
gentia, imprudentia, inconsiderantia. 

CAREER, curriculum; spatium ; stadi- 
um (at the Olympic games). 1T The 


career of life, vita curriculum, spatium. 

IT (course), cursus. — To give a 

man full career, aliquem non impedire, 
non coercere. 

CARESS, aliquem amplexari et osculari ; 
blandiri alicui, permulcere aliquem. 

Caress, subst. amplexus, complexus, os- 
culum. — Caresses, blanditiae, blandi- 
menta; illecebra. 

CARGO, onus. — To discharge the cargo, 
navem exonerare. 

CARICATURE (of the face), vultus in 
pejus rictus. 

CARNAL, in corpore situs, ad corpus 
pertinens, corporalis, or the genit. cor- 
poris ; libidinosus, voluptatibus corporis 
deditus ; venereus. — desires, libidines. 

CARNIVAL, Saturnalia. 

CAROL, cantus, carmen, canticum. 

To Carol, canere, cantus fundere, dare, 

CAROUSE, potare ; comissari. — tillmid- 
night, perpotare ad mediam noctem. 

Carousal, potatio, comissatio. 

CARP at, carpere, vellicare ; cavillari. 

CARPENTER, faber tignarius or mate- 
riarius. 1 house-carpenter, faber tedi- 
um. 5 ship-carpenter, faber navalis ; 

architectus navalis. 

Carpentry, opera fabrilis (the art, Szc) ; 
opus fabri tignarii,opusfabrile,(£fte work). 

CARPET, tapes, tapetum. IT Fig. to 

bring upon the carpet, in medium proferre; 
movere, commovere. — This is upon the 
carpet, de hac re consulitur or delibera- 
te IT (of grass, Szc), vestitus. 

To Carpet, tapete or -tis sternere, sterne- 

CARRION, cadaver ; caro putrida. 

CARROT, daucus sativus (L.) ; it is in- 
cluded in pastinaca. 

CARRY, ferre; bajulare (on one's bade) ; 
portare (from one place to another) ; gere- 
re, gestare, (bear, carry about, in the 
hand or as a burden ; also as an ornament 
or article of dress) ; vehere, vectare, 
(especially of beasts, ships, slaves) ; susti- 
nere (bear, hold up). — To carry a child 
in Vie arms, puerum in manibus gestare. 
— To be carried m a palanquin through 
the city, lecticaferri, portari, gestari, ve- 
hi per urbem. — To carry a thing with 
one, aliquid secum portare. — To car- 
ry home, domum ferre. — To carry to 

the grave, (funere) efferre. is far as 

the sight will carry, quo longissime ocu- 
li conspectum ferunt. — To carry coals 
to Newcastle, ligna in silvam ferre. — 
To carry a thing far (fig.), longe proce- 
dere in re ; too far, modum excedere in 
re ; to extremities, ultima experiri. — To 
carry a ditch round the city, urbem fossa 
circumdare. — To carry water through a 
man's land, aquam per fundum alicujus 
ducere. — To carry one's demands to a 
man, alicujus ad aliquem postulata de- 
ferre. — To carry away, auferre, asporta- 
re, avehere, abducere ; rapere, abripere ; 
carried away by the force of the stream, vi 
fluminis abreptus : — to be carried away 
with love, am ore trahi, provehi. — To 
carry in, intro ferre ; inferre in, etc. — 
To carry off (kill), consumere, absu 


CART, plaustrum ; carrus, carrum ; biro- 
ta, birotum, (two-wheeled). — A small 
cart, plostellum. — Cart-horse, equus 
qui carro jungitur ; caballus. — Cart- 
man, plaustrarius. — Cartload, vehes. 

To Cart, in plaustrum, etc. imponere ; 
plaustro vehere or transvehere. 

CARVE, sculpere, exsculpere ; (engrave), 
insculpere, incidere. — Carved work, 

opus sculptile ; anaglypha ; sigilla 

IT (of meat), secare, scindere, (a whole 
animal) ; in frusta excutere (a piece of 
meat into smaller pieces). 

Carver, sculptor : — scissor ; structor. 

Carving, sculptura: (carved work), opus 

CASE, theca ; involucrum ; capsa, cap- 
sula ; pyxis. — A case for pens, theca 

To Case, in theca recondere ; armis m- 
duere ; inducere. 

CASE (occurrence, state, contingency, Szc), 
casus, res, causa, locus, status, condi- 
tio, tempus, occasio. — I have often been 
in like case, aliquoties eandem rem ex- 
pertus sum ; aliquoties idem mihi acci- 
dit, evenit. — It is often the case, res sae- 
pe accidit ; that, Sec, srepe accidit, ut, etc. 
— The case may occur, fieri potest, usu 
venire potest. — It can never be the case, 
non potest accidere tempus. — IViiswas 
rarely the case, hoc raro incidebat. — In 
an urgent case, necessario tempore. — 
In any case, utcunque res ceciderit 
(whatever the event be) ; certe, profecto, 
(certainly). — To be in the same case, in 
eadem esse conditione, in eodem loco, 
in eadem causa esse. — If I were in 
your case, isto loco si essem. — The case 
is othericise tcith him, who, Sac, alia cau- 
sa est ejus, qui, etc. — That is not the 
case, alia res est; aliud est. — Is not 
this the case with every people 7 an hoc 
non ita fit in omni populo ? — He la- 
ments his own case, suam vicem conque- 
fitur. — In case, that, Szc, si; si est, ut ; 
si forte : quum. — To put or suppose the 
case, fingere, facere, ponere. — We will 
put the case that the thing is so, fingamus, 
etc., rem ita esse. — In the case of my 
brother, in fratre meo. — In this case 
(under these circumstances), his rebus, 

quae cum ita sint; in hoc tempore. 

IT To be in good case (as to health), bene, 
recte se habere. — In good case (as to 
flesh), nitidus, pinguis, opimus, obesus. 

IT A case in court, causa ; res ; lis. 

IT (in grummar), casus. 

CASEMENT, fenestra; foris. 
CASH, pecunia prasens, numerata, or 
numi prasentes, numerati; also pecu- 
nia, numi, argentum. — Cash payment, 
reprasentatio (pecuniae). — To pay in 
cash, prasenti pecunia or numerato sol- 
vere ; pecuniain reprasentare. — To sell 

for cash, die oculata vendere, Plaut. 
Cashier, custos pecuniarum. 
CASHIER, v. loco suo movere; remove- 
re, submovere or amovere a munere; 
solvere militia, exauctorare. 
CASK, dolium, doliolum, cupa, seria,orca. 
CASKET, arcula, capsula, cistula, cistel- 
lula ; pyxis ; dactyliotheca (for rings). 

mere, con fi cere ; rapere: — to carry CASSOCK, stola sacerdotalis 

off bile, bilem detrahere. — To carry on, 
exercere, facere, gerere ; administra- 
re ; prosequi. — To carry out, efferre 
(foras), exportare : (to the end), per- 

sequi; ad finem perducere. IT To 

carry himself, se gerere. — To carry it 
high, insolentem, intemperantem, *su- 

perbum se prabere. IT To carry it 

(prevail), vincere, pervincere, obtinere, 
ut or ne, etc. — To carry a bill through, 
legem, rogationem perferre. — You 
have carried your point, vicisti. — To 
carry the day, vincere ; superiorem dis- 
cedere. — To carry a town by assault, ur- 
bem expugnare. — To carrii (effect) , per- 
ficere, efficere. 
Carriage, portatio, gestatio, vectio, vec- 
tatio ; vectura (also the carriage-money), 
vectura pretium. — To pay (for) the 
carriage, pro vectura solvere. Tf (ve- 
hicle), vehiculum. (See also Coach, Szc) 

IT (deportment). See Bear, Behave. 

arrier, portans, gestans aliquid ; gesta- 

tor alicujus rei; gerulus ; bajulus. 

IT (messenger), nuntius. — Letter-carrier, 
tabellarius. — Carrier-pigeon, columba, 
tabellaria. i 


CAST, jacere, jactare (repeatedly), mitte- 
re, jaculari, conjicere (e. g. lapides in 
aliquem ; aliquem in vincula ; oculos 
ad or in aliquem) ; injicere (cast into, 
upon), superinjicere (cast upon). — To 
cast athinn- at one, petere aliquem aliqua 
re (e. g. aliquem malo, an apple). — To 
cast stones at one, lapides mittere, conji- 
cere in aliquem ; lapidibus petere ali- 
quem. — To cast anchor, ancorain jace- 
re. — To casta shadow, umbram facere ; 
the sun casts no shadow, sol null am um- 
bram facit; nulla umbra jacitur. — 
To cast the skin (of a snak'e), vernatio- 
nem or senectam exuere ; the teeth, den- 
tes alicui cadunt, decidunt, excidunt ; 
— the castings (slough, Szc), exuviae. — 
The horse cast his rider, equus effudit or 
excussit equitem. — To cast the dice, 
aleam jacere. — They cast lots, which of 
the two, Szc, sortiti sunt, uter, etc. — 
He casta block in his way (fig.), ill i scru- 
pulum injecit. — To cast a ditch about a 
place, fossa circumdare locum. — To 
cast upon the shore, in litore ejicere. — 
To cast the blame upon one, culpam in 
aliquem conferre, conjicere, transferre 




— To cast into sorrow, dolorem alicui 
facere, efficere, afferre ; into trouble, ne- 
gotium alicui facessere or exhibere, 
aliquemin molestiam impingere, detru- 
dere. — To cast into a sleep, sopire, con- 
sopire. — To cast a thing in one's teeth, 
aliquid alicui exprobrare, objicere. — To 
cast one's eyes about, oculos circumferre. 

— To cast away, abjicere (e. g. spem) ; 
profundere (e. g. vitam) ; one's self, se 
abjicere {cast away, perditus, profliga- 
tus) : to be cast away, naufragium facere, 
naufragio perire. — To cast by, rejicere, 
respuere, repudiare ; contemnere. — To 
cast down, sternere, prosternere ; afflige- 
re; dejicere, deturbare ; evertere, sub- 
vertere. — the eyes, oculos (in terrain) 
dejicere ; the mind, animum affligere, 
frangere ; cast down, abjectus, animi ab- 
jecti, afflictus, tristis, spe alienus. — 
To cast headlong, pracipitem dare, pree- 
cipitare. — To cast off; his rider, equi- 
tem excutere, effundere ; the yoke (prop, 
and Jig.), jugurn cervicibus dejicere ; 
children, liberos abdicare ; a wife, uxo- 
rem repudiare ; virtue, virtutem abjice- 
re, virtuti laqueum mandare ; vices, vi- 
tia ponere or exuere ; clothes, vestem 
ponere, deponere, abjicere, exuere, (for 
good) deponere. — To cast out, ejicere, 
expellere, exturbare, extrudere, exter- 
minare ; — something obscurely, obscure 
jacere aliquid. — To castup, sublime ja- 
cere j (vomit), vomere, evomere (so ig 
nes, of a volcano) ; a dike, aggerem jace- 
re, exstruere ; the eyes, oculos tollere 

TT (condemn), damnare, condemna- 

re. — To be cast in his suit, causa cade- 
re. IT The trees cast their leaves, folia 

arboribus delabuntur, exarboribus deci- 

dunt. 1\ (give the bias), habere or 

facere momentum. — Casting, decreto- 
rius, quod habet or facit momentum. 

1T (reckon), computare, supputare, 

rationem alicujus rei inire ; calculos 
subducere ; ad calculos vocare. — To 
cast up an account, alicujus rei rationem 

computare or summarn facere. -TT To 

cast in one's mind, secum meditari, per- 
pendere, secum reputare, cogitare. — 
To cast about, meditari, in animo volve- 

re or secum versare. 1\ (found, run), 

fundere (in brass, ex sere) ; also flngere. 

Cast, s. (a throw), jactus, missus, (of dice, 
talorum, tesserarum) ; conjectus : ars, 
artificium, (reach, trick) : specimen 
(touch) : of the eyes, oculorum nutus 
(wink), conjectus oculorum, oculi aliquo 
conjecti,oculi dejecti; (squi nt),ocu\ilimi, 
perversi (one that has it, strabo): (look), 
aspectus, conspectus, fades, vultus, spe- 
cies, color : (air), habitus corporis: (sort, 
&c), genus, natura, indoles, ingenium : 
(thing cast or founded), signum, imago 
Acta.' — To have a cast of violet, in vio- 
. lam vergere ; in violam desinere, vio- 
lam sentire. — Having a cast of black, 
nigricans. — A jest which has a vulgar 
cast, jocus illiberalis. 
CASTIGATE. See Chastise. 
CASTLE, arx (a fortified castle on an emi- 
nence); castellum. — To build castles in 
the air (to entertain foolish hopes), somnia 
sibi flngere, spem pascere inanem. 
CASTOR, fiber, castor. — Castor-oil, ole- 
um castorinum. 
CASTRATE, virilitatem alicui adimere 
or excidere or exsecare, exsecare, cas- 
Castration, castratio. 
CASUAL, fortuitus, forte oblatus, in casu 

positus, adventitius. 
Casually, forte, casu, fortuitu, fortuito. 
Casualty, casus, eventum ; mors, mor- 
tis casus. 
CASUIST, qui quasstiones de moribus 
hominis Christiani explicat, ofiicia ho 
minis Christiani in locis dubiis dijudi 
CAT, feiis, feles. 
CATALOGUE, index. — of things to be 

sold by auction, index rerum venalium. 
CATARACT, aquae ex edito desilientes. 

-TT (of the eye), glaucoma. 

CATARRH, de'stillatio, epiphora, catar- 
rh us, tussis catarrhal is. 
CATASTROPHE, catastropha (turn and 
development of an action); exitus (issue 
of a piece, &c.) ; fortunes vicissitudo, 
commutatio, etc. ; eventus. 
CATCH (lay hold of), prehendere, appre- 

hendere, comprehendere ; arripere (has- 
tily). — To catch one by the cloak, ali- 
quem pallio apprehendere. — by the 
hand, manu prehendere. — To catch at, 

appetere, prensare, captare. TT To 

catch a ball, pilam accipere, excipere. 

— To catch one as he falls, aliquem la- 
bentem excipere. — To catch birds, 
beasts, &c, capere aves, feras. — To 
try to catch, captare (e. g. pilam, nms- 
cas). — To catch (take in), capere, deci- 
pere, circumvenire. — To catch a thief, 
furem comprehendere. — To catch (over- 
take), assequi, consequi ; in cursu nan- 
cisci ; ex fuga aliquem reprehendere 
(catch and bring back). — To catch in a 
net, irretire ; in a noose, illaqueare. — 
Caught in a shower, subito imbre oppres- 

sus. TT (captivate, charm), capere, 

rapere, irretire. if (take in the act), 

deprehendere in aliqua re. — To be 
caught thieving, in furto teneri. — 17 To 
catch fire, ignem (flammam) concipere ; 
ignem comprehendere. — He catches fire 
easily, natura ejus est prasceps in iram 

— The fire catches something, ignis or 
flamma comprehendit or corripit aliquid 

— To catch a disease, in morbum incide 
re, morbo corripi ; (by infection), morbus 
transit in aliquem. — To catch cold, per 
frigescere. — To catch vices, infici or 
imbui vitiis. — A catching disease, mor- 
bus contagiosus, contagio or contagium 
morbi, pestilentia. 

Catch, s. (what is caught), praeda, quod 
quis capit (cepit, etc.) : (song), versus a 
singulis in orbem decantandi: (hook 
&.c), hamus, uncus, fibula. 

CATECHIZE, catechizare; interrogare 

Catechism, catechismus. 

CATEGORY, genus (kind, class); cate- 
goria (in logic). 

Categorical, absolutus ; simplex (uncon- 
ditional) ; certus, non dubius. — To give 
a categorical answer, absolute responde- 

GATES, cibaria ; obsonia ; cuppediffi, cibi 

To Cater, obsonari. 

Caterer, obsonator. 

CATER (at dice), quaternio. 


CATHARTIC, catharticus. — A cathar- 
tic, medicamentum catharticum, detrac- 

CATHEDRAL, redes cathedralis. 

CATHOLIC, universalis, perpetualis ; ca- 
tholicus. IT Roman Catholic, ad le- 
gem Romanam or sacra Romana perti- 
nens ; also Romanus. — A Catholic, 
Rom. legis studiosus. — To become Catho- 
lic, doctrinam Pontificis Rom. amplecti; 
(of a community), sacra Romana susci- 

Catholicon, medicamentum panchres- 
tum ; omnium dolorum remedium. 

CATTLE (in general), pecus, oris (but 
pecus, udis, a single head) ; jumenta 
(draught cattle, beasts of burden). — A 
drove of cattle, grex ; grex armentorum. 

— The raising of cattle, res pecuaria, pe- 
cuaria ; to raise cattle, pecuariam face- 
re ; a breeder of cattle, pecuarius. — A 
cattle-market, forum pecuarium. 

CAUL (for the hair), reticulum ; (of the 
bowels), omentum. 

CAUSE, causa (gen.)-,_ fons", origo, se- 
men, (source, fountain) ; auctor, effec- 
tor, (author) ; ansa, materia, locus, (han- 
dle, occasion) ; ratio. — The sun is the 
cause of heat, sol est causa et fons calo 
ris. — He is the cause of the war, ille est 
auctor, concitator belli. — You are the 
cause, tu es in causa. — To seek a cause 
for war, materiam belli quserere — To 
give cause for blame, ansam dare ad re 
prehendendum. — To invent causes 
causas confingere. — To allege as t 
cause, - praetexere aliquid. — For good 
cause, justis de causis ; to have good 
cause for something, cum causa aliquid 
facere ; non sine gravi causa aliquid fa- 
cere. — Without cause, sine causa, teme- 
re ; not, non temere. — For that cause, 
ea de causa ; ob or propter earn causam. 

— For what cause ? quam ob rem ? qua 
de causa ? — There is no cause for your 
grieving, non (or nihil) est, quod or 
quare or cur doleas ; non habes, quod 
doleas. — What cause is there for hesita- 


tion ? quod facit, ut dubites ? If (side, 

party), causa, partes. — To espouse one's 
cause, in alicujus partes transire, ad ali- 
cujus causam se adjungere; patrocini- 
um alicujus or alicujus rei suscipere. — 
To make common cause with one, stare 

cum aliquo. IT (in court), causa j 

res; lis. — To plead a cause, causam 
defendere or orare ; causam agere. 

To Cause, causam esse alicujus rei ; fon- 
tem rei esse; auctorem, concitatorem 
rei esse ; facere, efficere ; creare (to 
breed, engender) ; movere, excitare, (ex- 
cite, arouse) ; ansam dare or praebere 
alicujus rei or ad with gerundive; locum 
dare or facere alicui rei. 

Causeless, quod sine causa est. 

TT (groundless), quod sine causa est, 
quod temere fit ; vanus, temerarius ; 
immeritus, injustus. 

CAUSEY, via (lapidibus) strata. 

CAUSTIC, causticus; rodens, erodens. 

CAUTION, cautio, circumspectio, provi- 
dent.ia, prudentia. — The thing requires 
much caution, res multas cautiones ha- 
bet. 1f (warning), monitus. 

To Caution, monere, praemonere ali- 
quem, ut caveat: — against something, 
monere, praamonere aliquid cavendum ; 
monere, praemonere de aliqua re ; mo- 
nere, praemonere, ne, etc. 

Cautious, cautus, circumspectus, pru- 
dens, consideratus, providus. — To be 
cautious in a matter, cautionem adhibere 
in aliqua re. 

CAVALCADE, pompa equestris. 

CAVALIER, eques ; vir nobilis ; homo 
aulas ingenio accommodatus. 

Cavalier, adj. quod equitem decet ; for- 
tis, strenuus ; superbus, insolens ; fes- 
tivus, lepidus. 

CAVALRY, equitatus, equites ; copiae 
equestres (cavalry forces of an army) ; 
acies equitum (in line of battle) ; ala (as 
forming a wing): — sometimes, eques m 
sing, for equites. — A cavalry-man, 

eques. Q. regiment of cavalry, cohors 

equestris. — A troop of cavalry, turma 
equitum. — To serve in the cavalry, equo 

CAVE, CAVERN, caverna, specus, spe- 
lunca; antrum (poet.) ; (pit), fovea. 

Cavernous, cavernosus. 

CAVIL, captiose interrogare, cavillari, 
calumniari, argutias consectari or alicui 
exhibere, aliquem captare velle. — Cav- 
illing, captiosus, calumniosus, cavil- 
lans ; minima re ad reprehendendum 

Cavil, s. captio, captiuncula, calumnia ; 
cavils, captiones, captios;e interrogatio- 
nes, argutisp. — To lose one's self in 
cavils, se induere in captiones. 

Caviller, cavillator, calumniator. 

CAVITY, cavum; fovea (pit) ; venter; 

CAW, crocire, croeitare. 

CEASE (make an end of doing something), 
desinere ; cessare ; desistere, absistere ; 
mittere : (all admit of the infin.) : — finem 
facere aliquid faciendi, or merely alicu- 
jus rei or alicui rei ; conquiescere a re ; 
omittere, intermittere aliquid, (to leave a 
thing off; the former lohully, the latter for 
a time). — To cease from war, bellandi, 
belli or bello finem facere ; conquiesce- 
re ab armis. — to speak, finem facere di- 
cendi (loquendi) ; finem imponere ora- 
tioni. — Cease, I say ! potin' ut desinas ? 

— Not to cease backbiting one, non cessa- 
re detrahere ab aliquo. — To cease to be 
(to die), esse desinere. — They have 
ceased to dispute, disputari desitum est. 

— Not to cease asking, non desistere ro- 
gare. — To cease contending, de conten- 
tione desistere.— Also expressedby de in 
composition ; as, debellare (cease from 
war), decertare (cease to fight), desasvire 
(cease to rage), depluere (cease to rain). 

IT (come to an end), desinere (though 

rarely) ; finem habere or capere ; dece- 
dere (go off, depart), quiescere (rest ; both 
of a fever) ; conquiescere, abire, (both of 
a disease) : (of a race or family), deficere 
in aliquo (became extinct in his person). — 
In winter all wars cease, hieme omnia 
bella conquiescunt. — The toind ceases, 
ventus subsidit ; vis venti cadit. — His 
an <rer has ceased, ira deferbuit, resedit. 

°Tlie war has ceased, debellatum est. 

To make to cease, finem facere alicu- 




jus rei or alicui rei, finetn imponererei. 

IT Without ceasing, sine intermis- 

sione ; continenter ; perpetuo ; in aeter- 

num. || See also Cessation. . 

Ceaseless, continuus, assiduus ; perpe- 
tuus (unbroken to the end); sempiternus 
CEDAR, cedrus. — Of cedar, cedreus, ce- 
. drinus. 

CEDE, cedere alicui aliqua re ; cedere 
alicui possessione alicujusrei ; transcri- 
bere alicui aliquid (by writing). 
Cession, cessio. 

CEIL, tectum conclavis or cubiculi opere 
tectorio loricare ; conclave lacunari or- 
Ceiling, tectum ; tectum laqueatum, la- 
quear or pi. laquearia, lacunar or pi. la- 
cunaria, (a ceiling with depressed are- 
CELEBRATE, laudare, celebrare, praedi- 
care ; canere, carmine or carminibus 
celebrare. — To celebrate a man's memory 
in one's writings, memoriam alicujus 
scriptis prosequi. IT (keep, solem- 
nize), agere, agitare; celebrare. — a fes- 
tival, diem festum agere. — a birth-day, 
diem natalem agere or festum habere ; 
diem alicujus natalem celebrare. — a 
marriage, sacrum nuptiale conficere. — 
a funeral, funus facere, funus exsequiis 
Celebrated, inclytus, celebratus, illus- 
tris, clarus, praeclarus, nobilis. — To be 
celebrated as an orator, magnum in ora- 
toribus nomen habere. — To become cele- 
brated, illustrari, gloriam consequi or 
assequi. — To make one's self celebrated, 
gloriam or famam sibi comparare. 
Celebration, proedicatio ; laudes ; — ce- 

lebratio; sollemne, dies festus. 
Celebrity, gloria, (nominis) fama, laus 
or laudes, claritudo, claritas ; celebritas 
(e. g. of a place much visited). 
CELERITY, celeritas. 
CELESTIAL. See Heavenly. 
CELIBACY, vita caelebs, caelibatus, (of 
a man) ; vita vidua, lectus viduus, (of a 
CELL, cella (see the Lexicon); [^small one), 

cellula ; (hut), casa, casula. 
Cellular, cellas habens. 
CELLAR, hypogasum concameratum 
(subterraneous vault) ; doliarium (recep- 
tacle for wine-casks, &c.) ; cella, cellari- 
um, (as used by the ancients, store-room, 
but always in the tipper part of the house : 
for oil, cella olearia ; for provisions, cel- 
la penaria; for wines, cella vinaria, 
CEMENT, i'errumen (gen.) ; mortarium, 
arenatum, (mortar) : — Jig. vinculum, 
To Cement, ferruminare, conferrumina- 
re, ligare, vincire ; fig. colligare, con- 
CEMETERY, sepulcretum ; coemeteri- 

CENOTAPH, cenotaphium. 
CENSER, turibulum; (firepan), foculus 

(with coals on it, foculus fervens). 
CENSOR, censor ; magister morum. — 

of books, librorum censor 1T( blamer), 

reprehensor, vituperator, objurgator ; 
homo minimi, re ad reprehendendum 
Censorship (the office), censura ; praefec- 

tura morum IT In the censorship of 

Cato, Catone censore. 
Censorious, acer, acerbus, gravis ; moro 
sus, difficilis ; iniquus ; minima re ac 
reprehendendum contentus ; maledi- 
cus. — & censorious critic, judex iniquus ; 
Censoriousness, acerbitas, reprehenden- 

di studium. 
CENSURE, reprehensio, vituperatio, cul 
patio, objurgatio; castigatio. — To de 
serve censure, in vitio esse ; in culpa 
esse. — To escape it, vituperationem 
To Censure, reprehendere, etc. See 

Censurable, reprehendendus, vituperan- 
dus, reprehensione, etc., dignus ; vitio- 
CENT. — One, two, three, &cc. per cent., 
centesimal, (centes.) binae, ternae, etc. 
(but it is to be observed that the ancients 
reckoned per centage by the month, so that 
these are severally 12, 24, 36 per cent. ; we 


may, however, add in singulos annos). — 

— One half per cent. , semisses (sc. usu- 
rae) ; which is six per cent, by Roman reck- 
oning. — One per cent, a year (after the 
Roman way), unciae usurae. 

CENTRE, locus medius ; centrum (of a 
circle). — To incline to the centre, vergere 
in centrum. — The centre of the earth, 
medius terrse locus. — The centre of the 
island, insula media. — In the centre of 
the city, in medio or media urbis. — The 
centre of the line of battle, media acies, 
medium, medii (sc. milites). 

To Centre, in unum locum con venire. 

— To centre in a person or thing, in re or 
nomine situm or positum esse" niti ali- 
qua re, pendere ex aliquo or ex aliqua re, 
penes aliquem esse or consistere, aliqua 
re contineri. — To centre in (tend to), 
ad aliquid spectare. 

Central, in medio loco situs ; centra- 

Centrifugal, a centro recedens. 

Centripetal, ad centrum tendens. 

CENTURION, centurio. 

CENTURY (division), centuria. — By 
centuries, centuriatim. — To divide into 

centuries, centuriare. IT (age), sae- 

culum ; centum anni. 

CERATE, ceroma, ceratum or -otum. 

CERECLOTH, linteum ceratum. 

CEREMONY, ritus, mos receptus, mos, 
(established usage, gen.) ; caerimonia, ri- 
tus sacri, (of religion) ; officium (form 
of politeness) ; (pomp), pompa, apparatus 
magnifici ; (mere compliment), blanda 
vanitas, verba ; (long speaking), amba- 
ges ; (excessive politeness), molesta ur- 
banitas. — Master of ceremonies, comes 
officiorum, magister officiorum or aula3. 

— Without ceremony, ambagibus missis, 

libere, recta via ; familiariter With 

due ceremony, rite. 

Ceremonial, Ceremonious, ritualis ; su- 
perstitiosus ; sollemnis ; nimis officio- 
sus, nimis urbanus ; ad omnes officio- 
rum formulas factus. 

CERTAIN, certus ; firmus (fast, sure) ; 
stabilis (steadfast, stable) ; praesens 
(quick, efficacious, e. g. a medicine) ; ex- 
ploratus (ascertained beyond a doubt) ; 
status (fixed). — I know for certain, cer- 
to or pro certo scio ; pro explorato 
habeo aliquid or mihi est aliquid ; com- 
pertum habeo. — In order to be cer- 
tain of it, ut hac de re certior fieret. — 
Death is certain, mors omnes homines 
manet. — A certain remedy, remedium 
praesens. — / am certain (determined), 
certum est mihi ; certum est delibera- 
tumque ; stat sententia. — A certain 
(definite) income, reditus status. — At 
certain distances, certis spatiis intermis- 

sis. 1T A certain (a, one), quidam 

(also in oblique sarcasm) ; nescio quis. 

Certainly, certo, certe ; haud dubie, 
sine ulla dubitatione : profecto (truly) ; 
utique (by all means, at all events) ; sal- 
tern (at least) . — It is certainly believed, 
pro certo creditur. If not — yet cer- 
tainly, si non — at saltern ; si non — 
certe. — Certainly (in a reply), certe. — 
This can certainly be, non dubito, quin 
hoc fieri possit. 

Certainty, firmitas ; stabilitas ; fides; 
Veritas. — Full certainty, Veritas ad li- 
quidum explorata. — With certainty, 
certo, liquido, (e. g. to know, assert). — 
To know with certainty, certum, explora- 
tum habere. 

To Certify, certiorem facere de aliqua 
re; confirmare aliquid ; testimonio lite- 
rarum confirmare aliquid. 

Certificate, testimonium literarum ; (of 
payment), apocha. 

CESS, census. — To be cessed, censeri, 

CESSATION, finis (end) ; intermissio 
(suspension) ; (doing nothing), cessatio. 
— Without cessation, sine intermissione. 

1 cessation of arms, induciae. — There 

is a complete cessation of traffic (it is at a 
stand), mercatura jacet. 

CESSION. See Cede. 

CHAFE (warm by rubbing), fricando cale- 

facere or fovere ; (gall), atterere. 

IT Fig. (anger, inflame), incendere, in- 
flammare, irritare, iratum reddere, sto- 
machum alicui movere ; exacerbare : — 
v. n. iratum esse, ira. incensum esse ; 
stomachari, sasvire ; iracundia exardes- 

cere. ff The sea chafes the shore, 

mare obstrepit litori. 

Chafing-dish, foculus (fervens, if burn- 

CHAFF, palea. —Mixed with it, palea- 

CHAFFER, de pretio contendere. 

CHAGRIN, aegritudo ; dolor ; stomachus ; 

To Chagrin, molestiam alicui afferre, 
exhibere. — To become chagrined at a 
thing, molestiam capere, tranere ex ali- 
qua re ; aegritudine, molestia affici ex 
aliqua re : — to be so, graviter, asgre, 
moleste, aliquid ferre. 

CHAIN ( for fettering), catena (little chain, 
catella) ; vinculum. — To cast into 
chains, in catenas conjicere. — To clap 
chains upon, catenas alicui indere, inji- 
cere. — To be in chains, in catenis esse. 
— In chaitis, catenatus. — A dog fasten- 
ed with a chain, canis catenarius. 

IT (for ornament), catena, catella ; tor- 
ques (wearing this, torquatus). ^ Fig. 

a chain of mountains, montes continui, 
continua or perpetua montium juga. — 
Chain of things, series (or continuatio 
seriesque) rerum. — There came a chain 
of ills, malum excepit malum. 

To Chain, catenis vincire or constringe- 
re ; catena ad aliquid astringere ; see 
ahove. || Compare Bind. 

CHAIR, sella ; cathedra (used by women ; 
also, a teacher's chair) ; (seat, gen.), ses- 
sio, sedile ; (as a carriage), sella gesta- 
toria, lectica (palanquin). — A chair of 
state, solium; sella curulis (also chair 
of justice). — An easy chair, sella or ca- 
thedra in delicias instructa. — To be in 
the chair, pra?sidere. 

To Chair one, aliquem in sellam imposi- 
tum humeris sublevare. 

Chairman (president), praeses ; (bearer), 

CHAISE, carpentum, pilentum. 

CHALICE. See Bowl. 

CHALK, creta. — Like it, cretaceus 

Full of it, cretosus. 

To Chalk, creta. notare aliquid ; creta 
describere aliquid ; aliquid incretare 
(color with chalk) ; — fig. describere ; 
statuere, constituere ; designare. 

CHALLENGE, invitare ; provocare ; pro- 
vocare ad pugnam or certamen. — to a 
duel, aliquem evocare ad certamen sin- 

gulare. IT To challenge a juror, ju- 

dicem rejicere. IT (claim), deposce- 

re, exposcere, requirere ; vindicare 
sibi, sumere or arrogare sibi. 

Challenge, s. invitatio ; provocatio, co- 
dicilli provocatorii ; rejectio judicis ; 
Challenger, provocator, qui provocat, 
evocat, etc. 

CHAMBER, cubiculum, cubiculum dor- 
mitorium ; conclave ; recessus ; cella. 

— of justice, tribunal ; judicium. — An 
upper chamber, cubiculum in superiore 
parte domus positum. 

Chamberlain, cubiculi prapositus ; cui 
cura vectigalium tradita est: (attend- 
ant), cubicularius (as also cubicularia, 
chamber-maid). — of a city, quaestor ur- 

CHAMELEON,lacertaChama3leon (L.) ; 
fitr. versipellis. 

CHAMP, mandere, manducare. — the bit, 
frenum or lupata mandere, mordere. 

CHAMPAIGN. See Campaign. 

CHAMPIGNON, boletus. 

CHAMPION, pugil, gladiator, etc. ; dux, 
caput, signifer, fax ; defensor, propug- 
nator ; heros. 

CHANCE, fors, fortuna; (a chance), for- 
tuna, casus, eventus, res ; (misfortune), 
casus adversus, also casus, incommo- 
dum; (possibility), conditio, conditio 
quae per rerum naturam admitti potest. 

— Chances, fortuita, res fortuitae. — Evil 
chances, res adversae, casus calamitosi. 
— By chance, forte, casu, fortuitu, fortui- 
to. — By a lucky chance, forte fortuna. — 
This is not mere chance, id evenit non 
temere nee casu. — Nothing is the work 
of chance, nihil casu fit or factum est. — 
To leave the thing to chance, rem in ca- 
sum ancipitis eventus committere. — 
To be prepared for all chances, ad omnem 
eventumf paratum esse. — The main 
chance, res summa. — To take one's 
chance, fortunae se committere; fortu- 





nam periclitari ; we must now take our 
chance, jacta est alea. — We have but 
this chance, hoc unum experiendum est ; 
in eo vertuntur omnia. — At all chances, 
utcumque erit, utcumque ceciderit. 

Chance, adj. fortuitus, forte oblatus, non 
necessarius, incertus, adventitius. 

To Chance, cadere, incidere, accidere. 

— It chanced that, &c, forte evenit, ut, 
etc.; casu accidit, ut, etc. ; forte ita inci- 
dit, ut, etc. 

CHANDELIER, lychni dependentes la- 

CHANDLER, qui candelarum officinam 
exercet; (retailer), tabernarius, insti- 
tor. — Corn-chandler, frumentarius. 

CHANGE, mutare, commutare, immuta- 
re, submutare (partially), permutare (ex- 
change); convertere in aliam naturam, 
in aliud fingere, formare, transfigurare ; 
novare (give a new form to) ; emen 
dare, corrigere, (see Alter) ; variare 
(change often, vary) ; invertere (wholly, 
and. so deprave); interpolare (falsify by 
change) : — v. n. mutari, commutari 
immutari, variare, converti. — To change 
horses, jumenta mutare ; equum, equos 
mutare. — To change the dress, vestem 
mutare. — color, colorem mutare ; — 
countenance, vultum. — To change a 
black color into white, nigrum colorem in 
album mutare, vertere. — All things 
change, omnia mutantur ; nihil semper 
in suo statu manet. — The weather 
changes, tempestas commutator (grows 
better); tempestas venit (grows stormy). 

— To change one thing for another, muta- 
re, commutare aliquid aliqua re, or com- 
monly cum re ; permutare rem re. — 
Will you change! vin' commutemus ? — 
/ toould not change with him, nolim esse 
eo, quo ille est, loco ; nolim ego esse, 
qui ille est. — To change money, pecu- 
niam permutare. — He is wholly changed, 
commutatus est totus, totus factus est 
alius. — He is changed for the better, in 
melius mutatus est ; ad bonam frugem 
se recepit. — He is not changed, est 
idem, qui fuit semper ; antiquum obti- 
net. — To change one's opinion, senten- 
tiam mutare ; de sententia decedere, 
desistere. — To change one's nature, no- 
vum sibi ingeniuminduere. — The moon 
changes, luna renovatur (is renewed). — 
To change a child, puerum subdere, sup- 

Change, s. mutatio, commutatio, immu- 
tatio, conversio ; transfiguratio ; vicis 
(genit.), vices, vicissitudo, vicissitudi- 
nes,varietas. — The changes of the seasons, 
vicissitudines anniversaries ; commuta- 
tiones temporum quadripartitae. — All 
is subject to change, omnium rerum est 
vicissitudo. — In every change of fate, in 

omni rerum mearum varietate. 

IT (novelty), res novae. — To be greedy of 
change, rerum novarum or rerum muta- 
tionis cupidum esse ; rebus novis stu- 

dere. IT (small money), numuli, nu- 

mi minoris notse. II A change of 

clothes, vestimenta. 

Changeable, mutabilis, inconstans, va- 
rius, varians, levis, mobilis, fluxus. 

Changeableness, mutabilitas, inconstan- 
tia, mobilitas, levitas. 

Changeling, (puer) subditus, supposi- 
tus, subdititius ; (dolt), fatuus, demens, 
stipes, vervex ; (an unstable man), homo 
inconstans, varius, mutabilis, levis. 

Changer, mutator, qui mutat, etc. ; a 
money-changer, numularius. 

CHANNEL (of a river), alveus ; (water- 
passage), canalis ; (of a column), strix: 
(broader strait), fretum : — jig. sulcus ; 
iter, via. 

To Channel, cavare, excavare ; sulca- 
re : (a column), striare. 

CHANT, canere, cantare, modulari. 

Chaxt, s. cantus. 

CHAOS, chaos •, rudis et indigesta rerum 
moles ; (confusion), chaos, confusio, 

Chaotic, inordinatus, indigestus, indis- 

CHAP, fatiscere, dehiscere, findi, rimas 
agere. See Chop. 

CHAPEL, aedicula, sacrarium ; sacel- 

CHAPLAIN, capellanus; diaconus; sa- 
cerdos, sacerdos domesticus, navalis, 

CHAPMAN, mercator, emptor. 

CHAPTER (of a book), caput. 

CHAR, de lignis carbonem coquere ; in 

carbonem redigere. 
Charcoal, carbo. 

CHARACTER (mark), character, nota, 
signum ; (hand-writing), manus, litera. 
— Private characters, notae (also short- 
hand). 1 H The character (the distinc- 
tive marks, the peculiarities), peculiaris 
forma atque indoles ; (hence, ofawriter), 
character, stilus : — (hence, a man's way 
of thinking and acting), indoles animi 
ingeniique, natura et mores, ingenium 
ac mores, vita moresque, mos et natura; 
and separately of single sides of character, 
natura, indoles, etc. .- also, persona (a 
character on the stage, and the part he 
plays .- so also, the part a man plays, the 

character he exhibits in life). 9. guileless 

character, innocentia. — noble, ingenium 
liberale. — exalted, animus magnus, ex- 
celsus, altus ; altitudo animi. — Of a 
mild character, mitis ingenio. — Strength 
of character, constantia. — You may read 
his character in his eyes, ejus mores natu- 
ramque ex oculis pernoscas. — To ap- 
pear in several characters (of an actor), 
plures subire personas. — To sustain 
the character of Davus, Davi partes age- 
re, obtinere, sustinere ; Davi personam 
ferre, tenere, tueri ; Davum agere. — 
To act in character, personam suam bene 
tueri ; sibi constare. — To bear an as- 
sumed character, personam alienam ferre. 

1T (dignity, office, &c), appellatio, 

nomen ; ofignitas ; munus ; auctoritas. 

IT (reputation), fama, existimatio. — 

A good character, bona fama, fama, bo- 
na existimatio, existimatio. — A bad 
character, mala fama, infamia. — To 
bear a good character, bene audire ; bene 
existimatur de aliquo. — a bad, male 
audire, in infamia esse. — To injure a 
man's character, alicui infamiam move- 
rs, aliquem infamare, diftamare; ali- 

quem fama. spoliare. My character is 

at stake, mea existimatio agitur. — To 
have the character of a great orator, mag- 
num oratorem haberi. 

Characteristic, singularis, proprius. — 
That which is characteristic of a thing, a. 
characteristic, nota; proprietas. — You 
have some characteristics, which, &c, 
sunt quaedam in te singularia, quae, etc. 

Characterize, notare, designare, descri- 
bere. — a man, vitia et virtutes alicujus 
deformare ; lineamenta ingenii alicu- 
jus colligere. 

CHARCOAL. See Char. 

CHARGE (to load, burden), onerare ; gra- 
vare, premere ; farcire, refercire. — a 
musket, pulverum pyrium sclopeto in- 
fundere. IT (to impose), alicui ali- 
quid imponere, injungere ; alicui ali- 
quid imperare (charge him to furriish) : 
(to enjoin), jubere, praecipere, edicere, 
imperare, prasdicere, inculcare, hortari, 
monere, admonere: (iiitrust), mandare, 
deferre, demandare alicui aliquid ; ne- 
gotium alicui dare, ut, etc. — He charged 
them not to let the ambassadors go, before 
he was him self sent back, eis praedixit, ut 
ne prius legatos dimitterent, quam ipse 
esset remissus. — To cliarge a man with 
the defence of a city, urbem alicui tuen- 
dam dare. — with the care of his boys, 
pueros curae alicujus demandare. — 
with the direction of a business, aliquem 
alicui rei praficere. — To charge the 
states with the transportation of the corn, 
vecturas frumenti civitatibus describe- 

re. 17 (lay to one's charge), ascribe- 

re, assignare alicui aliquid ; accusare, 
incusare, criminari, insimulare; culpam 
alicujus rei conferre in aliquem, alicui 
culpam attribuere ; aliquid alicui expro- 

brare, objicere, (cast in one's teeth). 

IT To charge to one (as due from him), 
ferre expensum alicui, imputare alicui, 

inducere alicui. IT What do you 

charge ? quanti indicas ? quanti hoc 

vendis ? IT (to attack), in hostem in- 

vadere or impetum facere, signa inferre 
in hostem. 

Charge, s. (burden), onus (also fig.) ; 
(trouble), molestia, negotium ; (expense), 
sumptus, impensa. — To be a charge to 
one, oneri esse alicui. —At one's charge, 
sumptu alicujus, de pecunia alicujus, 
alicujus impensis. — Without charge, 

nulla impensa, nullo sumptu. — To live 
at one's charge, alicujus impensis ali. 

fit the public charge, publico sumptu, 

de publico, publice. — The funeral 
charges, arbitria funeris. ir (com- 
mission, trust, office, &c), mandatum, ne- 
gotium, provincia, munus, cura,curatio, 
procuratio (agency), administrate ; cu- 
ra, custodia, tutela, patrocinium, fides : 
— (the person intrusted), qui in alicujus 
tutela est, qui in alicujus curam deman- 
datus est, cliens, pupillus, alumnus, 
etc. ; also sometimes tutela. — To have 
charge of a thing, rem aliquam curare, 

administrare ; alicui rei praesse. 

ir (injunction, precept), jussus, jussum, 
prasceptum, imperatum, monitus,admo- 
nitus, hortatio, adhortatio; alloquium, 
consilium. — A charge not to do a thing, 

interdictum. IT (accusation), accu- 

satio, incusatio, insimulatio, crimina- 

tio ; exprobratio ; crimen. 8. false or 

malicious charge, calumnia. 1T (as- 
sault), impetus, incursio, incursus. 

Chargeable (expensive), sumptuosus ; 
(guilty), scelere, maleficio, etc., obliga- 
tus or obstrictus, sceleri obnoxius. — My 
household is very chargeable, magni mihi 
sumptus domi quotidiani hunt. — He is 
chargeable neither with this nor any other 
offence, innocens et innoxius est. 

Charger, patina grandior, mazonomum : 
(steed), equus militaris, equus bella- 

CHARIOT, currus (the general term). — 
with two, &c. horses, bigae, trigae, qua- 
drigae. — A war-chariot, essedum ; with 
scythes, covinus, quadrigae falcatae. — A 
chariot-race, cursus or curriculum equo- 
rum, cursus equester. 

Charioteer, auriga ; essedarius. 

CHARITY, benignitas, humanitas ; libe- 
ral itas , beneficentia; indulgentia, leni- 
tas: — (alms), stips, beneficium ; ino- 
piaj or egestatis subsidium or levamen- 
- turn. — Charity begins at home, proximus 
sum egomet mihi. — To be in charity 
with all men, omnes amore prosequi. 

Charitable, benignus, humanus, benefi- 
cus, liberalis ; clemens, indulgens. — 
To put a charitable interpretation upon a 
thing, in meliorem partem accipere or 

Charitably, benigne, humaniter, huma- 
ne, indulgenter, benefice, liberaliter. 

CHARLATAN. See Quack. 

CHARLES'S WAIN, septem triones. 

CHARM (spell, &c), carmen, canticum, 
incantamentum; cantio; (magic prepa- 
ration), venenum. — To repeat a charm., 
incantare carmen. — Charms, veneficia 
et cantiones. 1T (allurement, attrac- 
tion), dulcedo, venustas, venus, gratia, 
jucunditas, stimulus (voluptatis), oblec- 
tatio, oblectamentum, invitamentum ; 
delinimenta. — Seductive charms, leno- 
cinia, illecebrae. — Bodily charms, ve- 
nustas et pulchritudo corporis. — The 
charms of nature, naturae amoenitates. — 
Glory has a charm for ?t.s all, omnes lau- 
dis amore trahimur. — Friendship has no 
charm for me, nihil voluptatis mihi ami- 
citia after t. 

To Charm (bewitch), fascinare, effascina- 
re, (e.g. visu, lingua., voce atque lin- 
gua.) ; incantare, incantamentis obliga- 
re: — fig. capere, rapere, delinire, per- 
mulcere°, delectare, admiratione defige- 
re, voluptate afficere or perfundere. 

Charmed (magical), magicus. 

Charming, dulcis, suavis, venustus, le- 
pidus, festivus, jucundus, gratus ; amce- 
nus (esp. of places) ; more strongly by the 
superl. — A charming girl, puella cujus 
forma rapit, puella venustissima ; puel- 
la amabilis. — You have a charming 
abode, amcenissime habitas. — The most 
charming of islands, ocellus insularum. 

Charmingly, dulce or dulciter, suaviter, 
jucunde, amcene. 

Charmer (bewitcher), incantator, venefi- 
cus: (in fondness), mea? deliciie ! mea 
voluptas ! mea festivitas ! mea anima ! 

CHARNEL-HOUSE, ossarium. 

CHART, mare et adjacentia loca in tabu- 
la, picta. 

CHARTER, diploma ; fig. licentia. 

CHASE (to hunt), venari, sectari,agitare; 
(pursue), insequi, persequi ; (drive), 
agere, pellere, expellere (drive out), eji- 
cere (cast out), extrudere (thrust out), 




abigere (drive away) ; (turn to flight) 
fugare, in fugam vertere ; fig. (strive 
after), venari, sectari, consectari. — To 
chase the enemy to their camp, agere bos- 
tes usque ad castra. 
Chase, s. venatio (the act), venatus (the 
state) ; venandi studium (the love of it); 
insectatio (pursuit, gen. ; e. g. hostis); 
Jig. contentio, appetitio, consectatio. — 
Pertaining to the chase, venjiticus, vena- 
torius. — To be fond of the chase, venan- 
di studiosum esse. — To accompany one 

on a chase, venantem comitari. 

IT (game), fera, fera ; venatio. 

yrse, equum inhibere, sustine- 

TT (place for the chase), saltus. 
CHASE. See Enchase. 
CHASM, (terra) hiatus, hiatus vastus, 

chasma ; vorago (abyss) : fig. lacuna. 

— There is a great chasm between Codrus 
and Inachus, multum distat Codrus ab 

CHASTE, pudicus ; purus, integer, cas- 
tus, sanctus ; (unadulterated), purus ; (in 
good taste), elegans, venustus, simplex. 

— A chaste woman, mulier casta, pudica. 

— Chaste speech (not corrupted), sermo 

purus, rectus, bonus, emendatus. # 

chaste style, elegans ratio disserendi. 

Chastely, caste, pudice, pure, eleganter, 

venuste, simpliciter. 
Chastity, pudor, pudicitia, castitas, 
castimonia, sanctitas. — Virgin chasti- 
ty, virginitas intacta, illibata. 
Chasteness of expression, incorrupta in- 
tegritas, incorrupta sanitas, (freedom 
from corrupt expressions); mundities ver- 
borum or orationis (freedom from low 
Chaste-tree, vitex, agnus castus. 
Chasten, castigare ; purum facere. 
CHASTISE, castigare (in order to improve 
the offender); punire (to make him suffer); 
coercere, reprimere, refrenare. 
Chastisement, castigatio; poena. 
CHAT, fabulari, confabulari, fabulari in- 
ter se, sermones casdere, sermocinari 
cum aliquo ; garrire, garrire nugas, nu- 
Chat, 5. sermo, sermones; ludicri ser- 
mones, rerum colloquia leviorum ; nu- 
CHATTER with the teeth, dentibus crepi- 
tare. — The teeth chatter, dentes colli- 

duntur. IT (as monkeys and crows 

do), crepitare ; fig. (to prate), garrire, 
nugari. — Chattering poets, corvi poe'tae 
et poetrias picae, Pers. — A love of chat- 
tering, garrulitas, studium inane lo- 
Chatterer, homogarrulus, loquax. 
CHEAP, vilis (as ova vilia), parvi or non 
magni pretii. — To buy a thing cheap, 
aliquid parvo pretio emere. — To sell at 
a cheaper rate, minoris vendere aliquid. 
— Cheap times, vilitas, vilitas annonas. 

U (vile, of no account), vilis. — To 

hold a man cheap, aliquem parvi ducere, 
aliquem contemnere, despicere. — To 
become cheap in one's own eyes, ad vilita- 
tem sui pervenire. 
Cheapness, vilitas. 

To Cheapen, aliquid empturire (wish to 
buy) ; liceri, licitari, (bid at auction) ; 
promittere aliquid pretii pro aliqua re. 
CHEAT, fraudare, circumscribere, deci- 
pere, circumvenire, fraude or dolo cape- 
re, imponere (with dat.), fallere, frus- 
trari. — one's creditors, fraudare credi- 
tores. — Cheated by hope, a spe destitu- 
tus. — To cheat a man out of a thing, 
fraudare, defraudare aliquem aliqua re ; 
out of money, aliquem circumducere ar- 
gento, aliquem emungere argento, per- 
fabricare aliquem. 
Cheat, s. fraus, dolus; fraudatio, cir- 
cumscriptio ; fallacia ; ars, artes, machi- 
nae. — To play a cheat upon one, fraudem 
alicui facere, dolum alicui struere or nec- 
tere. — There is some cheat behind, ali- 
quid doli subest. IT (the person who 

cheats), homo ad fallendum paratus or 
instructus, homo totus ex fraude factus, 
veterator ; fraudator, circumscriptor ; 
quadruplator (chicaner) ; planus (quack- 
errant) ; prastigiator (who juggles). 
CHECK, compiimere, reprimere ; cohibe- 
re, inhibere ; coercere ; refrenare ; re- 
morari, retardare : (chide), reprehende- 
re, vituperare, objurgare. — the exces- 
sive joy, exsultantem lastitiam compri- 
mere. — a groan, gemitum reprimere. 

Check, often by a circumlocution with a 
verb; (loss, defeat), casus adversus, dam- 
num, incommodum, clades, calamitas ; 
(reproof), reprehensio, objurgatio, con- 
vicium; (hinderan.ce), offensio, offensa, 

impedimentum, difficultas, mora. 

IT Check to your king ! cave regi ! 

CHECKER, variare. — Checker-work, opus 
tessellatum (of squares setin). — Checker- 
wise, tessellatim. — Checker-board, tabu- 
la latruncularia. — Checkered, tessella- 
tus, vermiculatus ; varius. 


CHECKMATE, v. a. vmcere, 

redigere ; fig. conficere. 
CHEEK, mala, gena (oftener in pi. ge- 
nre); bucca (e. g. buccas inflare), buc- 
CHEER (fare, provision) , victus, alimen- 
ta ; cibaria, edulia, dapes, opsonia : — 
(mien), vultus ; (gayety), hilaritas, laeti- 
tia ; (state of mind), animus ; (applause), 
acclamatio, clamor. — To find good 
cheer, liberaliter haberi. — To make good 
cheer, genio indulgere, largiter se invita- 
re. — Excellent cheer, lautus apparatus, 
ccena opipara, dapes Saliares. — Be of 
good cheer, es bono animo. — Heavy 
cheer, maestitia, tristitia. — What cheer? 
quomodo vales ? quid agis ? quid agi- 
To Cheer (incite), stimulare, inflamma- 
re, hortari, adhortari ; (inspirit, heart- 
en), confirmare aliquem, erigere ali- 
quem or alicujus animum, mentem ; 
(gladden, clear up), exhilarare, excitare ; 
(applaud), acclamare alicui, rem or 
hominem clamore excipere : — v. n. 
(take heart), animum capere, colligere ; 
(clear up the countenance), vultum exhi- 
Cheering (making glad), laetus, jucun- 

Cheerful, lastus, hilaris, hilarus ; ala- 
cer ; tranquillus (calm) ; amcenus (of 
places; also of life). — A cheerful brow, 
frons hilaris, frons tranquilla et serena, 

— A cheerful sky, serenum, serenitas.— 
Be cheerful and good-humored, hilarum 
fac te et lubentem. 

Cheerfulness, Ioetitia, hilaritas, animus 
laetus, hilaris ; alacritas, animus alacer 
tranquillitas ; amoenitas; animus asquus! 

— To be full of cheerfulness, lastitia se 
efferre, gaudio perfusum esse 

Cheerless, invenustus, non venustus; 
inamcenus, non amcenus : tristis, miser, 
acerbus, voluptate carens. 
Cheerly, adj. laetus, hilaris; — adv. bono 

animo, hilari animo. 
CHEESE, caseus. — Mixed with it, casea- 

tus. — curd, coagulum lactis. 
CHEMISTRY, &c. See Chymistry, &c. 
CHERISH (keep warm, keep lively), fove- 
re ; (take care of), curare ; (nourish), 
alere ; {entertain), habere, gerere ; (back, 
help on), fovere ac tollere ; (value), ca- 
rum habere, magni facere or aestimare, 
amare. — He cherishes his grief, dolorem 
fovet. — To cherish hatred against one, 
odium habere in aliquem ;" love, ali- 
quem in amore habere or amore prose- 
qui. — To cherish hope, sperare, spem 
CHERRY, cerasum ; — tree, cerasus, 
Of a cherry color, cerasinus. — Cherry- 
cheeked, genis rubentibus. 
CHESS, lusus latrunculorum or latruncu- 
larius. — To play at chess, latrunculis 
ludere. — Chess-man, latrunculus, latro. 
— Chess-board, tabula latruncularia. 
CHEST, area, cista, capsa ; little, arcula, 
cistula, capsula. IT (for money), ar- 
ea, scrinium, loculi, (of a private person); 
fiscus (of the emperor) ; asrarium (of the 
state). IT (breast), pectus. —Broad- 
chested, pectorosus. See Breast. 
CHESTNUT (tree), castanea ; (nut), 
(nux) castanea. — Of a chestnut-color, 
badius, spadix. — Horse-chestnut, asscu- 
lus hippocastanum (L). 
CHEVALIER, eques : vir fortis. 
CHEVAUX-DE-FRISE, ericius (Cess. B. 

C. III. 67). 
CHEW, mandere, manducare ; also con- 
ficere. — the cud, ruminare or rumina- 
ri, remandere : — fig. meditari secum, 
perpendere, reputare secum, cogita- 
CHICANE, calumnia ; praevaricatio. ' 


CHICKEN, pullus (also a word of endear- 
ment); pull us gallinaceus. — Chicken- 
hearted, ignavus ; timidus. 
CHIDE, reprehendere, objurgare, increpa- 
re, increpitare;convicium facere alicui, 
aliquem conviciis or contumeliis consec- 
tari ; vociferari, conviciari. — A chiding 
letter, epistola objurgatoria. 
CHIEF, adj. princeps, primarius, primus, 
pnecipuus, summus, maximus. — The 
chief men, proceres (as to rank) ; primo- 
res (first men, gen.). — The chief good, 
summum bonum. — This is the chief 
point, hoc caput est ; hoc primum, maxi- 
mum est. — The chief part (in a play), 
partes primae ; to play it, primas partes 
agere (prop, and fig.), primas tenere 
(fig-)- — It was always his chief care, ei 
semper maxima or antiquissima cura 
fuit. — To be the chief judge, judicio ali- 
cui prasidere. — A chief-priest, pontifex ; 
the chief of them, pontifex maximus. — 
Commander-in-chief, prafectus, impera- 
tor, dux summus. 
Chief, subst. caput, princeps, prafectus, 

(head); dux (leader) ; signifer. 
Chiefly, pracipue, potissimum, impri- 

CHILBLAIN, pernio. — a small one, per- 

CHILD 1, (in relation to its parents), Ali- 
us (son), filia (daughter). 61 little child, 

filiolus, filiola. — Children, liberi ; pro- 
genies (offspring, posterity), stirps (race, 
line ; both of these may mean child, 
when this is equivalent to descend- 
ants). — To have children, liberos pa- 
rere (of the mother) ; liberis augeri (of 
father or mother). — To beget children, 
liberos procreare. — / have no children 
(posterity), stirps mihi deest ; nullam 
liberorum stirpem habeo. — / have no 
longer any children, orbus sum. — To 
leave no male children, non relinquere vi- 
rilem sexum. — Fig. the child of fortune, 
fortunae Alius or alumnus, gallinas filius 
albas. — II. (in respect of its age), fetus 
(yet unborn) ; infans, puer (boy), puella 
(girl). — Children, pueri, puellae ; parvi, 
parvuli. — A little child, puer or puella in- 
fans, infans, infantulus,infantula ; pue- 
rulus, pusio, pupulus ; pupula. — With 
child, gravida, pragnans. — Fig. a child 
in learning, homo leviter literis imbutus ; 
homo leviter eruditus. 
Childhood, prima aetas ; infantia (infan- 
cy, before the child can speak or speak dis- 
tinctly) ; pueritia, Betas puerilis, (boy- 
hood). — From childhood up, a prima or ab 
ineunte aetate ; a parvo or parvulo, a 
puero, (and of several, a parvis, etc.). — 

To play the child, ineptire ; nugari. 

IT Fig. (i. e. imperfect condition, e. g. of 
the arts), prima initia. 
Childish, puerilis ; ineptus (silly, over- 
done). — Childish behavior, childishness, 
puerilita? ; mores pueriles. — To show 
a childish joy, pueriliter exsultare. — 
Childishfopperies, ineptiae ; nugas. 
Childless, orbus, liberis orbus o?-orbatus, 
(bereft of children) ; liberis carens, qui 
est sine liberis, cui deest stirps, (that has 
had none). 
Childlike (simple), simplex, sincerus ; 
(pure), integer, incorruptus ; (gay, cheer- 
ful), hilaris, laetus; (careless), cura va- 
cuus, securus. 
Child-bed, puerperium ; partus. — To 
be in child-bed, puerperio cubare. — A 
woman in child-bed, puerpera. 
Child-birth, puerperium, partus. — To 
die in child-birth, parturientem exstin- 


CHILL, adj. frigidus ; algens, algidus, (so 
by its nature) : —fig. frigidus ; Ientus.— 
To be chill (feel so), frigere, algere ; lan- 
guere. — To become so, frigescere, refri- 
gescere, refrigerari ; languescere. 

Chill, Chillness, frigus (alsofig.); algor; 
frigidus horror, horror, (shiver, shudder). 
— fl fever-chill, febris horror or horror. 
— A chill runs over me, perhorresco toto 
corpore, horror ingens me perstringit, 
horror me perfundit. 

To Chill, refrigerare, frigidum facere, 
(prop, and fig.); horrorem alicui afferre : 
frangere, deprimere. 

Chilly, frigidus, subfrigidus. 

CHIME, subst. concentus, concordia so- 
norum. — A chime of bells, campanarum 
or tintinnabulorum concentus. 




To Chime, concinere ; concordare : — 
fig. concordare, consentire, consentire 
atque concinere, conspirare. — To chime 
in with a thing (fig.), convenire alicui 
rei (e.g. sententiae). — The chiming of 
the bells, sonitus campanarum. 
CHIMERA (fabulous monster), chimaera : 
(wild fiction), portentum, monstrum, 
commentum ; (fancy, dream), somnium. 
— Chimeras (fancies, dreams), opinio- 
num commenta. 
Chimerical, rictus, commentitius ; ina- 

nis, vanus. 
CHIMNEY (fire-place, hearth), caminus ; 
(smoke-funnel), fumarium. — The chim- 
ney smokes (sends up smoke), domus fu- 
mat, culmen fumat. — One's oion chim- 
ney-corner, focus proprius. 6. chimney 

with a good fire in it, caminus luculentus 
CHIN, mentum. — One having a long chin 

CHINA ware, vasa murrhina (porcelain) ; 

fictilia Sinensia. 
CHINE, spina ; pars dorsi. 
CHINK, rima, rimula. 
To Chink, dehiscere, fatiscere, rimas 

age re. 
Chinky, rimosus, rimarum plenus. 
CHINK, v. tinnire ; — s. tinnitus. 
CHIP, v. a. (cut into pieces), concldere (in 
partes), consecare, comminuere ; (hew), 
caedere, (ascia) dolare, dedolare, edola- 
re, ascia polire ; fingere (of stone). — To 
chip off, secare, desecare, resecare ; de- 
putare, amputare ; abscidere, prasclde- 
Chip, s. segmen, segmentum, resegmen, 
praesegmen ; assula, schidium : (any 
bit), particula, frustum, frustulum. 
He is a chip of the old block, patris filius 
CHIRP (of birds), pipire, pipilare, fritinn 
re ; (of the cricket), stridere. — Chirping, 
pipiens, etc. ; argutus. 
CHIRURGEON, chirurgus ; vulnerum 

Chirurgery, chirurgia, (ars) chirurgica 
Chirurgical, chirurgicus. 
CHISEL, scalprum ; tornus (a turner's 

chisel) . 
To Chisel, scalpro fingere ; sculpere, ex- 

CHITCHAT, sermo, sermones : garri- 

tus. See Chat. 
CHIVALRY (knights' service), militia 
equestris; (knighthood), dignitas eques- 
tris ; (order of knights), ordo equester : — 
(prowess), virtus, fortitude 
Chivalrous, fortisac strenuus, acer, viri- 
lis ; magno animo praeditus ; genero- 
sus, liberalis. 
CHOCOLATE (in cakes), quadra caca- 
oticae ; (as a drink), calda cacaotica, po- 
tio e cacaone cocta. 
CHOICE, s. (the act of choosing), delectus, 
electio, (gen.) ; selectio (if the thing is 
set apart) ; creatio (election to an office), 
cobptatio (admission as member of a col 
lege, by the college itself). — A correct 
choice of words, verborum delectus ele 
gans ; elegantia verborum, orationis. — 
With choice, cum delectu ; electe ; ele- 
ganter (as to words ; e. gi scribere, dice- 
re). — Without choice, sine (ullo) delec- 
tu ; promiscue ; temere (blindly). — To 
make a choice, delectum habere, facere ; 
of a thing (see Choose). — To make a 
good or bad choice, bene, male sibi con- 
sulere. — The choice has fallen on him, 
ille electus, creatus est. — Of one's own 

choice, (sua) sponte. IT (the liberty 

of choice), optio, eligendi optio, optio et 
potestas ; arbitrium (free will). — To 
give or allow one his choice, optionem ali- 
cui dare, facere ; facere alicui arbitrium 
in eligendo. — To give one full choice of 
peace or war, alicui permittere arbitrium 
pacis ac belli. — You have your choice, 
tua est optio. —If I had my choice 
optio esset ; si conditio proponeretur. — 
It is a choice of evils, nihil est medium. 
— The matter is in our choice, res in nos 

tra potestate est IT (variety, &c), 

varietas ; diversitas ; discrepant'ia ; dis 
similitudo. — There is a great choice be 
tween the things, res inter se discre- 
pant. 1T (the thing chosen) ; use the 

verb : thus, this is my choice is equivalent 

to this I choose or have chosen. j| See 


Choice, adj. electus, selectus, delectus ; 
exquisitus, conquisitus ; eximius, egre- 
gius, preestans : — Choicest, exquisitissi- 
mus, etc.; optimus ; pulcherrimus ; pre- 
tiosissimus ; jucundissimus, suavissi- 
mus, dulcissimus ; carissimus : — the 
choicest, flos ; robur, robora, (of men). — 
The choicest passages of a book, optima 
(neut. pi.) libri. — To set the tables with 
the choicest meats, mensas conquisitis- 
simis epulis exstruere. — Choice bits 
(dainties), cuppedia (or -as), cibi delica- 
Choiceness, excellentia; preestantia. 
CHOIR, chorus canentium, (homines) 
symphoniaci; (the place), statio canen- 
CHOKE, alicui elidere spiritum or fauces 
or collum (e.g. by pressure), strangula- 
re (strangle by a cord) ; suffocare (choke, 
stifle) ; animam or spiritum interclude- 
re : — Fig. exstinguere (to extinguish, 
put out ; e. g. rumorem) ; opprimere (to 
stifle, crush; e.g. tumultum, libertatem 
rumorem); reprimere (hold in ; e. g. fle- 
tum, lacrimas, iracundiam), comprime- 
re (e. g. tumultum), supprimere (e. g. 
iram) ; auferre, tollere, (destroy, take 
away). — Fear chokes the voice, metus 

vocem preecludit. IT (stop up, block 

up), obturare ; obstruere. 
CHOLER, cholera, bilis ; iracundia, ira. 
Choleric, biliosus, cholericus, cholera 
laborans : — (irascible, hot), iracundus, 
in iram prasceps, pronus in iram. 
CHOOSE (to will), velle. — To choose 
rather, malle. — I choose to have it so, sic 
volo. — / cannot choose but, non pos- 
sum non, etc., non possum, quin, etc. 

— I choose not, nolo. IT (choose out), 

optare ; eligere ; deligere (for a definite 
purpose); seligere (choose and set apart) 
habere delectum alicujus rei (use choice 
in a thing, e. g. verborum) : — (t< 
office, &c), creare ; capere (without re- 
gard to the person' swill, e.g. of the Ves- 
tals); legere ; eligere ; deligere (for c 
purpose); cobptare (admit to membership); 
constituere (appoint). — To choose in the 
place of another, sufficere aliquem in ali- 
cujus locum. — To choose the least of 
evils, ex malis minimum eligere. — To 
choose death rather than slavery, mortem 
servituti anteponere. — To choose a 
mode of life, sibi aliquod genus aetatis 
degendae constituere ; vitas rationem in- 

ire. || See Choice. 

CHOP off, desecare, resecare, abscidere, 
prascldere, amputare. — To chop up, 
in partes concldere ; minutatim concl- 
dere or consecare. 1T (of the skin), 

scindi, rimas agere. — A chopped skin, rha- 
gades, rhagadia; — face, oris rimas ; lips, 

labrorum fissurae. IT (to exchange), 

commutare, permutare. — logic, verba 
commutare inter se ; with one, altercari 

cum aliquo. IT To chop about (of the 

wind), se vertere (to the south-west, in 
Chop, s. frustum, offa, offula, ofella. 
CHOPS, os ; rictus (oris), hiatus (oris) ; 

sometimes fauces. 
CHORAL, ad chorum pertinens ; sym- 

phoniacus. — Choral song, chorus. 
CHORD, chorda ; (of an arc), basis. 
CHORISTER, puer or homo symphonia- 

CHORUS, chorus. 
CHOUGH, corvus graculus (L.). 
CHOUSE. See Cheat, Cozen, Deceive. 
CHRIST, Christus. 

Christian, adj. Christianus ; Christo 
dignus ; pius ; also by genit. Christiano- 

rum. 1 Christian name, praenomen. 

Christian, subst. Christianus, ChristianaE 
legis studiosus. — To become a Christian, 
doctrinam Christianam amplecti. — To 
be a Christian, Christianas legis esse 
studiosum ; Christum or Christianam 
legem sequi ; Christianam doctrinam 
Christianity (the doctrine), lex, doctrina 
or formula Christiana, sacra Christiana ; 
(the spirit), sensus Christianus, pietas 
Christendom, orbis Christianus ; univer- 

si Christiani. 
Christen, baptizare, sacris Christianis 
initiare ; fig. nomen alicui or alicui rei 
dare, indere, imponere. — 1 christening, 
baptisma, baptismus, sancta lavatio. 

Christmas, Christi natalitia (plur.). — 
Christmas-day, dies natalis Christi. — 
Christmas-box, strena. 

CHRONIC, chronicus. 

CHRONICLE, annales (with libri or 
not), fasti, annales fastique, libri chro- 
nici, chronica (-orum). — ofacity, com- 
mentarius rerumurbanarum. IT (his- 
tory), historia. 

To Chronicle, in annales referre ; me- 
moriae prodere or tradere, posteris tra- 

Chronicler, annalium scriptor, chrono- 
graphus ; scriptor rerum or rerum ges- 

CHRONOLOGY, chronologia, temporum 

Chronological, chronologicus. — In 
chronological order, servato temporis 
ordine, observato cujusque anni ordi- 

Chronologer, chronologus. — An accu- 
rate chronologer, in temporibus exqui- 
rendis diligens. 
CHRYSALIS, nympha. 
CHRYSOLITE, topazius. 
CHUCK (of a hen), glocire, singultire : — 

subst. singultus. 
CHUCKLE, cachinnari ; furtim cachin- 

nari, sensim atque summissim ridere. 
CHUM, contubernalis. — He wished to 
have him for his son's chum, vole bat eum 
esse in filii sui contubernio. 
CHURCH (men of the same profession). — 
The Christian church, legis Christianas 
studiosi ; qui Christum sequuntur ; civi- 
tas or respublica Christianorum ; eccle- 

sia. TT (assembly for worship), coetus 

sacer, publica Christianorum concio ; 
sacra publica (public service). — To go 
to church, sacra publica adire ; sacris 
publicis adesse. IT (place of wor- 
ship), aedes sacra. 
Church, in composition, may sometimes be 
made by ecclesiasticus, sometimes by sa- 
cer, sometimes by a genit.; and sometimes 
the compound word has a corresponding 
word in Latin. — Church-robbery, sacrile- 
gium. — Church-furniture, 3upellex, qua 
ad res divinas uti solemus Church- 
discipline, disciplina ecclesiastica. — 
Churchman (an ecclesiastic), sacerdos ; 
clericus, ecclesiasticus, sacrorum antis- 
tes ; churchmen, clerus, clerici, ecclesias- 
tici. — Church-property, bona ecclesias- 
tica : lands, fundi ecclesiastici. — 
Church-yard, ccemeterium, sepulcre- 
CHURL (clown), rusticus; (rude fellow), 
homo inhumanus, inurbanus, rusticus ; 
(sour man), homo tristis, truculentus, 
morosus : (niggard), homo sordidus. 
Churlish, inhumanus, inurbanus, rusti- 
cus ; truculentus, asper, acerbus, incle- 
mens ; morosus, difficilis : molestus, 
gravis : sordidus, illiberalis. 
Churlishness, mores rustici, etc. 
CHURN, fidelia butyracia. 
To Churn, agitare ; butyrum facere. 
CHYLE, chylus. 

CHYMISTRY, chemia, (ars) chemica. 
Chymical, chemicus. 
Chymist, chemias peritus, chemicus. 
CICATRICE, cicatrix. 
To Cicatrize, ad cicatricem vulnus per- 
ducere ; cicatricem vulneri inducere. — 
To become cicatrized, cicatricem ducere. 
— A cicatrized wound, cicatrix obducta. 
CIDER, dilutum malorum. 
CINCTURE, cingulum, zona ; balteus 

(sword- belt). 
CINDERS, reliquias carbonumexustorum, 

carbones exstincti, also carbones. 
CINNABAR, minium. 
CINNAMON, cinnamum or cinnamomum 
(laurus cinnamomum, L.). — wild, ca- 
sia (laurus casia, L.). — Of cinnamon, 
cinnamominus. — Smelling, tasting, &c, 
like cinnamon, cinnameus. — The cinna- 
mon-tree, frutex cinnamomi, Plin. ; lau- 
rus cinnamomi (L.). 
CINQUEFOIL, quinquefolium. 
CION, surculus; stolo (from the root); 

palmes, flagellum, (of the vine). 
CIPHER (a figure), nota numeri ; litera 
(among the "ancients, who used letters) : 
(zero)", zero (fig. nihil): (any character), 
character, nota, signum, litera ; (private 
character), nota, litera secretior. — To 
write in cipher, per notas scribere, Uteris 




secretioribus uti. — Something so writ- 
ten, furtivum scriptum. 

To Cipher, calculos subducere ; arithme- 
tica discere ; ratiocinari. — To. cipher 
out, numerum inire, exsequi, (rerum or 

CIRCLE, circulus, orbis, (also mathemat- 
ically) ; gyrus (motion in a circle, the 
circle in which an animal goes round) ; 
corona (the ring of hearers about an ora- 
tor). — The circumference of a circle, ex- 
trema linea circinationis, linea circum- 
ctirrens. — A circle drawn loith compasses, 
circiaatio ; circumscribed, circumscrip- 
tio. — To draw a circle, circulum de^ 
scribere (circino) ; circinationem de- 
scribes ; rotundam circinatipnem du- 
cere : about a thing or person, circum- 
scribere aliquid or aliquem (with 
compasses, circino ; with a wand, virga 
or virgula) ; circulo aliquid or aliquem 
includere (confine in a circle). — To form 
themselves into a circle (of soldiers), 
orbem colligere, in orbem consistere. — 
To whirl round in a circle (act.), in gyrum 
torquere. — To go round the circle (come 
to each in his turn), in orbem ire (per 
omnes) ; circumferri (of meat and drink) 

— Fig. a vicious circle (in reasoning), 
demonstratio eodem se revolvens ; to 
reason in one, eodem revolvi. — The 
whole circle (of my friends, and the like) 
may be expressed by omnes universi 

— A circle of learning, orbis doctrinae 

(Quint.). IT (company, &c), circulus 

(for entertainment, a social circle, knot), 
convivium (a festive circle). — In social 
and festive circles, in circulis et conviviis 

— A circle of close friends, congressio fa 

miliarium. IT (any assembly), con- 

ventus ; consessus : (see Assembly). 

IT (returning series), orbis. — of things, 
orbis rerum in se remeantium. — of the 
seasons, vicissitudines anniversarias. 

To Circle (move about a thing), se conver- 
tere et torquere circum aliquid, ambire 
aliquid, circa aliquid volvi, versari,ferri. 

IT See Encircle, Surround, &c. — To 

circle in (see Hem, Shut). ^(revolve 

in a circle), in orbem circumagi, se gy- 
rare, rotari. 

Circular, adj. orbiculatus ; rotundus 
(disk-formed) ; circinatae rotunditatis ; 
ad circinum fabricatus. — course, circu- 
late, circinatio, ambitus rotundus, 
circuitus, circuitio, (the motion in a cir- 
cle) ; orbis (the circular path) ; gyrus 
(see Circle, above). — line, circulus, li- 
nea orbiculata ; circumscriptio (about a 
thing) ; circinatio (drawn with compass- 
es) -. for Circumference, see above. 

Circular, s. literae circum aliquos dimis- 
Sfe ; also in connection, literae. — To send 
a circular to the municipal towns, literas 
circum municipia dimittere. 

Circularly, circulatim, orbiculatim ; in 
orbem, in gyrum. 

Circulate, n. in orbem circumagi ; cir- 
cumferri. — The blood circulates, sanguis 
per venas arteriasque ultro citro com- 
meat. — My blood circulates more freely, 
sanguis liberius meat. — To circulate a 
report, rumorem spargere, dispergere, 

dissipare. $ report is circulated (in 

circulation), rumor or fama or serino est 

— The coins circulate, numi in commu- 
nem usum venerunt. 

Circulation of the blood, circulatio san- 
guinis ; (of money), usus communis 
usus ; (returning series), orbis. 

Circuit (revolution), ambitus, circuitus 
(extent about, compass), ambitus, circui 
tus, circumscriptio ; complexus (e. g 
cosli, mundi).— The island has a circuit 
of 25,000 paces, insula viginti quinque 
millia passuum circuitu patet. — Tlie 
whole work embraces a circuit of 368 sta- 
dia, totius operis ambitus ccclxviii sta- 
dia complectitur. — To make the circuit 
of the towns, urbes circumire. — To make 
the circuit (of a judge), conventus cir- 
cumire or agere. — The circuit being com- 
pleted, conventibus peractis. fl circuit 

town, conventus. IT A circuit of 

words, circuitus, ambages ; circuitio. 

Circuitous. ^circuitous way, circuitus, 

ambages, anfractus. — To lead by a cir- 
cuitous path, aliquem circuitu ducere. 


CIRCUM- is often expressed by circum 
in c 

CIRCUMCISE, circumcidere. — A cir- 
cumcised Jew, Judaeus curtus or recuti- 
tus or verpus. 

Circumcision, circumcisio. 


CIRCUMFLEX, adj. circumflexus (e.g. 
accentus, syllaba). — To circumflex a 
syllable, syllabam apice circumducere. 

CIRCUMLOCUTION (periphrasis), cir- 
cuitio, circuitus eloquendi, circuitus 
plurium verborum, circumlocutio. — To 
express by a circumlocution, pluribus ver- 
bis aliquid explicare, pluribus vocibus 
et per ambitum verborum aliquid enun- 

tiare ; aliquid circumire. IT (beating 

about the busk), ambages. 

CIRCUMNAVIGATE, ab omni parte 
circumvehi aliquid (not circumnavi- 

CIRCUMSCRIBE, finire, definire ; ter- 
minare, determinare, terminationibus 
definire ; — (to confine, limit), coercere, 
includere, (terminis or cancellis) cir- 
cumscribere, finire, definire, terminis 
circumscribere. — the field of view, de- 
finire aspectum. — an oration, oratio- 
nem finire or in angustias includere. — 
To circumscribe within a narrow field, in 
exiguum angustumque concludere. — 
To be circumscribed, certarum rerum 
cancellis circumscriptum esse. — Cir- 
cumscribed (short), circumclsus ; brevis. 

— A circumscribed mind, ingenium im- 
becillum, tardum; an gustise pectoris. 

CIRCUMSPECT, circumspectus ; con- 
sideratus ; cautus ; providus (provi- 
dent) ; prudens et cautus, cautus et pro 
vidus ; diligens (careful). 

Circumspectly, circumspecte, circum 
specto judicio, considerate, provide, 

Circumspection, circumspectio ; circum 
spectum judicium; cautio ; prudentia 
diligentia. — The thing demands much 
circumspection, res multas cautiones ha 
bet; res est multoe diligentiae. — With 
circumspection. See Circumspectly. 

CIRCUMSTANCE, res (the most general 
word) ; causa (the state, posture, situa- 
tion of a thing) ; tempus, especially the 
pi. tempora ( posture of things brought on 
by the circumstances of the time) ; ratio 
(a reason founded in circumstances ; 
hence, the circumstance itself) ; momen- 
tum (the decisive circumstance) ; conditio 
(condition, limitation) ; mora (delay) ; 
ambages (circumstance of words). The 
Latins, however, do not usually employ 
a distinctive substantive, but prefer some 
general indifferent expression to convey 
this idea ; as, this, circumstance moved me, 
hoc me movit ; or hac re motus sum. 

— On this circumstance rests the whole 
business, in eo tota res vertitur. Ac- 
cording to circumstances, pro re ; pro re 
nata ; ex or pro tempore To act ac- 
cording to circumstances, ex re consule- 
re. — Under these or such circumstances, 
his rebus, quae cum ita sint or essent, 
(things being so) ; in hoc or in tali tem- 
pore (in such an exigency, tinder such 
untoward circumstances). — To suit one's 
self to circumstances, tempori servire 
(cut one's coat according to the cloth) ; 
necessitati parere (make a virtue of ne- 
cessity). — To be in good circumstances, 
in rebus secundis esse ; in bona con- 
ditione constitutum esse. — To be in 
straitened circumstances, parce ac du- 
riter vitam agere. — Without circum- 
stance, sine mora; missis or positis 
ambagibus ; sine ulla dubitatione ; haud 
difficulter (without making difficulty) ; 
simpliciter (plainly, right on). — IT (a 
thing not essential), res adventitia, non 
necessaria. 1T Accompanying circum- 
stances, res circumstantes. — To draw 
an argument from circumstances, ex cir 

cumstantia argumentum ducere. 

IT (show, array), apparatus, ornatus 

Circumstanced, comparatus ; afTectus. — 
The thing is so circumstanced, se ita res 
habet ; res est ejus modi, ut, etc. 

Circumstantial, non necessarius, ad- 
ventitius : ad res circumstantes perti- 
nens : — (detailed), accuratus, verbosus 
(wordy), copiosus (diffuse, full). 

Circumstantially, accurate ; multis or 
pluribus verbis ; copiose. 

CIRCUMVALLATTON, circummunitio. 


— line of, circummunitiones ; corona 
(of troops).— To surround a town there- 
with, vallum in oppidi circuitu ducere, 
oppidum circumvallare ; urbem corona 

CIRCUMVENT, circumvenire ; indu- 
cere ; fraude or dolo capere, eludere. 

Circumvention, fraudatio, circumscrip- 
tio ; fraus, dolus. 

CIRCUS, circus. 

CISTERN, cisterna ; puteus. — Cistern- 
water, aqua cisternarum or cisternina. 

CITADEL, castellum ; arx. — of Cor- 
inth, Acrocorinthus. 

CITE (call into court), citare, in jus or in 
judicium vocare ; evocare (an absent 

person). IT (quote), afferre, laudare, 


Citation, evocatio; vocatio. — To re- 
ceive one, citari ; in judicium vocari. 

IT (quotation), prolatio, commemo- 

ratio ; (place quoted), locus allatus or 
laudatus, locus quasi testis productus. \ 

CITIZEN. See City. 

CITRON-TREE, citrus (citrus medica, 
L.). — Of Citron-wood, citreus. — Citron 
(preserved), cortex mali citri condltus. 

CITY, urbs (always with respect to the 
greatness, wealth, &c. of its inhabitants ; 
hence, also, a capital city, and especially 
Rome) ; oppidum (as a place of habitation 
secured against attacks from without) : — 
civitas (the collective inhabitants of a 
city as bound together by common laws, 
institutions and usages, the burgesses or 
freemen, as such ; the city in a civil re- 
gard) : — municipium (a free city, espe- 
cially in Italy, having its own laics and 
magistrates, whose inhabitants, if they had 
received the jus civile Roman um, were 
regarded as Roman citizens, had the right 
of voting at assemblies of the Roman peo- 
ple, and might hold public ofiices, but 
had not the Roman sacra ; otherwise they 
were only permitted to serve in the Roman 
legions and to stand for military offices) : 

— colonia (a Roman colony of citizens or 
allies) : — praefectura (a city suspected of 
disaffection, which was not governed by 
its own magistrates according to its own 
laws, but by a prefect sent from Rome). — 
City and country, urbs agrique. — In all 
the cities, from city to city, oppidatim. — 
At the expense of the city (i. e. of the 
public), sumptu publico ; also, publice. 

Tf The city (i. e. the people thereof), 

incolce urbis, urbani ; oppidani. 

City, adj. urbanus, also, the genit. urbis ; 
oppidanus, or genit. oppidi : — publicus 
(if opposed to privatus). 

Citizen, civis (who has the rights of citi- 
zenship ; opposed to peregrinus) ; oppi- 
danus, incola urbis, (the inhabitant of a 
city, townsman, opposed to vicanus, a 
villager) ; togatus (the citizen in his robe 
of peace, opposed fopaludatus or miles, 
the warrior) ; plebeius, homo ignobilis, 
(one of the commonalty, opposed to patri- 
cius or vir nobilis) ; paganus (a com- 
mon citizen, cit, often opposed to soldiers). 

— The citizens, civitas, cives ; plebs, 
plebeii, (opposed to the nobles) ; oppi- 
dani, incolae urbis ; pagani. 

Citizenship, civitas, jus civitatis ; civi- 
tatula (in contempt). — To give one the 
rights of citizenship, admit him thereto, 
civitatem alicui dare, impertire, tribu- 
ere ; aliquem in civitatem accipere or 
recipere ; aliquem in civitatem or in 
numerum civium asciscere ; civitate 
aliquem donare ; civem aliquem facere. 

Citizen-like, civilis (becoming a citizen, 
affable, &c.) ; civilis, communis, popu- 
laris, (usual in common life) ; plebeius. 

CIVIC, civicus. See next word. 

CIVIL, civilis (relating to a citizen, as 
such; so, of the state, civil) ; civicus (of 
things which concern him personally or 
individually). — Persons in a civil and 
in a military station or capacity, togati 
et milites ; milites et pagani. — Civil 
law, jus civile. — A civil office, magis- 
trates (opposed to imperium) ; ofRcium 
civile Civil officer, magistratus : gov- 
ernor, qui provincial prasest sine impe- 
rio ; proconsul (in the time of the empe- 
rors). — A civil process, causa privata ; 
lis. — Civil war, bellum civium ; bel'um 
civile, intestinum,domesticum ; in some 
connections, arma or castra civil ia icill 
pass The civil day, dies civilis. 




IT (complaisant, affable, &c), comis, hu 
manus, liberalis, blandus, affabilis, 
mansuetus ; officiosus (obliging) ; urba- 
nus (polite); benignus (gracious, friend- 
ly) ; familiaris (familiar, as of a friend) 

Civilian, juris civilis peritus, juris con- 

Civility, comitas, humanitas,benignitas, 
affabilitas, facilitas ; urbanitas. 

To Civilize, expolire, hominemque red- 
dere ; ad hurnanitatem informare or 
effingere ; homines a fera agrestique 
vita ad humanum cultum civilemque 
deducere. — Civilized nations, populi eru- 
diti. — state, bene morata et bene con- 
stituta civitas. 

Civilization, cultus humanuscivilisque, 
cultus atque humanitas ; elegantior 
(delicatior) cultus or institutio. 

CLACK, garritus ; garrulitas, loquacitas ; 

CLAIM, v. rem sibi vindicare (in court or 
otherwise) ; petere aliquid ab aliquo ; pos- 
cere, postulate ; asserere sibi (appropri- 
ate unjustly) ; sibi sumere or assumere 
or arrogare (attribute to one's self). 

Claim, s. postulatio, postulatum, (gen.) ; 
jus ; petitio (complaint in court, also, the 
right to claim) ; vindiciffi (judicial or 

formal claim to a thing or person). fl 

suit to establish a claim, lis vindiciarum. 

— The person of whom a claim at law is 
made, unde petitur. — To relinquish one's 
claim, jus suum dimittere or remittere ; 
de jure suo decedere. — I have a just 
claim, justam postulandi causam habeo. 

Claimant, petitor (plaintiff) ; postulator ; 

CLAMBER up, eniti in, scandere. 

CLAMMY, lentus, tenax, glutinosus. 

Clamminess, lentitia. 

CLAMOR, vociferatio, vociferatus, cla- 
mor, clamores, convicia, voces ; im- 
portunitas ; ejulatus. 

To Clamor, vociferari, clamare, clamo- 
rem edere or tollere, reclamare ; convi- 
ciari. — To clamor at, clamore aliquem 
sectari, alicui obstrepere, alicui recla- 
mare ; cnnviciis lacessere aliquem. — 
To clamor after, flagitare, efflagitare. 

Clamorous, tumultuans, tumultuosus, 
turbidus ; violentus, vehemens ; im- 
portunus. — passions, importunae libi- 

CLAN, gens ; clientela ; clientes, clien- 
teles ; — (sneeringly) , natio. 

CLANDESTINE, clandestine ; furti- 

Clandestinely, tecte, clam, furtim. 

CLANG, crepitus, clangor, sonitus. 

To Clang, clangere, crepare, crepitare, 

CLANK, crepitare, crepitum dare. 

Clank, s. crepitus. 

CLAP (strike), ferire ; pulsare (repeated- 
ly) ; verberare (whip). — To clap-to the 
door (in one's face), fores objicere. — To 
clap the hands together, collidere manus 
(violently, as an orator does), manus com- 
plodere (in approbation, for joy, grief, 
wonder, &c.) ; plaudere manibus, or 
plaudere, (to clap in token of applause) : 

— to clap a person or thing, plaudere, ap- 
plaudere alicui or alicui rei ; applaudere 
et approbare aliquid. — To clap the wings, 
alis plaudere ; alas quatere cum clan go- 
re. IT To clap a ladder against a wall, 

scalam muro applicare or apponere. - To 
clap chains upon a person, catenas alicui 
injicere. — To clap a guard upon one, 
custodes alicui addere, indere. — To clap 
a plaster on a wound, vulneri cataplas- 
ma imponere. ■ — To clap one thing upon 
another (fasten it), amgere aliquid" 5 alicui 
rei. — To clap spurs to a horse, equo cal- 
caria subdere ; equum calcaribus conci- 
tare. — To clap a man into prison, in vin- 
cula, in carcerem conjicere ; in carcerem 
detrudere — To clapunder, subdere, sub- 
jicere. — To clap a lawsuit on a man's 
back, litem alicui intendere, impingere. 

Clap, subst. crepitus, sonitus ; ictus (blow ; 

and Jig.) A clap of thunder, fragor 

coeJi or coelestis. — At one clap, uno ictu. 

— A clap that may be borne, plaga medio- 
cris. — An after-clap, ictus repetitus, 

pla'ga repetita. 1T (of the hands), 

plausus, collisce manus. 

Clapper, crepitaculum ; crotalum (casta- 
net) ; sistrum (Isis's clapper). — The 
clapper of a bell, campanas pistillum. 

CLARET, vinum rubellum. 

CLARIFY, deliquare (by pouring off the 
liquor), percolare (by straining), defae- 
care (to purge of the dregs), despumare 
(take off the scum, of honey) : — (clear up), 
clarum reddere. 

CLARION, tuba argutior. 

Clarionet, tibia argutior. 

CLASH, (inter se) collidere : — v. n. col- 
lidi (inter se), concurrere inter se, (e. g. 
of ships). — The arms clashed, arm a in- 
crepuere. — If two consonants clash to- 
gether, si binu3 consonantes colliduntur. 

IT To clash (be at variance), inter se 

pugnare, repugnare, discrepare, dissi- 
dere. — Sis deeds clash with his words, 
facta ejus cum dictis discrepant. — To 
clash with nature, naturae repugnare, 
It clashes with his dignity, ab ejus digni- 
tate alienum est. 

Clash, crepitus : collisus (act.) ; concur 
sio, concursus, (pass.) : repugnantia 
pugna, discrepantia. 

CLASP, s. fibula : (embrace), amplexus 

To Clasp, fibula subnectere. — To clasp 
in, infibulare. — To clasp together (neut 
of parts which fit one into the other), 
commissum esse, coire. — To clasp 
the hands, digitos inter se pectine jun- 

gere. IT (grasp), prehendere, ap- 

prehendere : (embrace), amplecti, com- 
plecti ; circumplecti (quite round, e. g. 
a tree) ; amplexari (embrace tenderly) ; 
circumplicare (fold about, of a serpent 

for instance) To clasp one about the 

body, aliquem medium complecti. — 
Clasped in each other's arms, inter se 
complexi. — The vine clasps with its 
tendrils whatever it meets, vitis clavicu 
lis suis, quidquid nactaest, complecti 

CLASS, classis (also, in a school) ; ordo 
(order, rank) ; genus (race, kind, sort). 

— Those of the lowest class, homines in- 
fimi ordinis or generis ; — of all classes, 
omnium ordinum homines.— The classes 
of citizens, of pupils, classes civium, dis- 
cipulorum. — To be at the head of the 
class (at school), classem ducere. — By 
classes, generatim. 

To Class, Classify, in classes describere ; 
generatim distribuere. 

Classification, descriptio in classes, dis- 
tributio in genera. 

Classic, Classical, optimus, pracipuus, 
eximius. — A classic author, scriptor 
classicus (but only by a figure) ; scriptor 
subtilis atque elegans (in respect of 
style).— The classics, scriptores optimi, 
maximi, pracipui, vetustissimi atque 
politissimi ; optimi Latinitatis auctores. 

— Classical antiquity, antiquitas docta 
or ertidita. 

CLATTER, crepare, crepitare, sonare; 
garrire, blaterare. 

Clatter, subst. crepitus, sonus, sonitus. 

CLAUSE (division), pars (gen.) ; mem- 
brum (short division of a sentence), in- 
terpunctum (made by stops) ; caput 
(head, chapter) ; comprehensio (period) ; 

enuntiatio, enuntiatum, (sentence). 

TT (limitation), exceptio ; (condition), con- 
ditio. — To add a clause to a law, that, 
&.C., ad legem adjicere, ut, etc. 

CLAW, unguis ; (of a crab), brachium. 

To Claw, ungues injicere alicui ; ungui- 
bus discerpere ; scalpere (scratch). 

CLAY, argilla (gen.) ; creta figularis or 
qua utuntur figuli (potter's clay). — Of 
clay, fictilis (out of clay, earthen) ; figli- 

nus (made by the potter). IT (for 

earth), lutum. 

Clayey, argillosus. 

Clayish, argillaceus. 

CLEAN, purus (pure, gen. ; of solids and 
fluids); mundus (only of solids, free from 
dirt or spot, opposed to sordidus) ; mun- 
dus purusque. — Clean vessels, vasa 
munda. — furniture, munda supellex. 

— To make clean. See Cleanse, below. 

— To wash clean, pure lavare. #.s clean 

as a penny, nihil videtur mundius. 

IT (in a moral sense), purus, integer ; cas- 

tus ; sanctus ; insons ; pudicus. 4 

clean heart, mens conscia recti. 

ti (clear, smooth, &c), purus. 

Clean, adv. (quite, altogether),' prorsus, 
plane ; funditus (from the foundation) ; 
totus (e. g. he is clean altered, totus com- 
mutatus est). — JVumantia icas clean de- 


stroyed, Numantia funditus deleta est. 
IT Sometimes expressed by a com- 
pound word, or by some other turn of ex- 
pression ; e. g. to empty the bottle clean, 
lagenam exsiccare 5 a jug, potare feece 
tenus cadum. 

Cleanly, adj. purus (clean) ; mundus 
(clean, of things ; and loving cleanness, 
of persons). — ° Over- cleanly, justo mun- 

Cleanliness, munditia, mundities. — 
overdone, odiosa et exquisita nimis. 

Cleanness, munditia, mundities 5 casti- 
tas ; castimonia ; integritas ; sanctitas ; 
sanctimonia; innocentia (disinterested- 
ness, cleanhandedness). 

Cleanse, purgare, repurgare, expurgare, 
purum facere, (gen.); februare (e. g. a 
sacrifice; a religious word) ; mundum fa- 
cere, mundare, ermmdare,(purge if dirt) ; 
eluere (wash or rinse out) ; abluere (by 
washing off) ; tergere, detergere, (wipe 
off, sweep) ; extergere (wipe out) ; ver- 
rere, everrere, (sweep, sweep out) ; lus- 
trare (consecrate by a purifying sacrifice) ; 
expiare (expiate). — the sewers, cloacas 
purgare, detergere. — the stables, stabu- 
la, bubilia purgare or emundare. — the 
body from filth, abluere corpus illuvie. — 
the forum of the marks of crime, expiare 
forum a sceleris vestigiis. — A cleansing, 
purgatio; lustratio ; expiatio. — A means 
of cleansing, februum (for an offering) ; 
purgamen alicujus rei (for expiation). 
— A Cleansing medicine, medicamentum 
catharticum ; detractio. 

CLEAR. — I. (to the sight, bright, light, 
&.c.) clarus (clear-shining, naturally 
clear and bright) ; lucidus (full of light 
and shedding light) ; pellucidus (trans- 
parent in itself) ; perspicuus (transpa- 
rent, that may be seen through) ; limpi- 
dus (only of water, naturally light and 
clear) ; illustris (in the light, bright) ; 
nitidus, nitens, (of a pure brightness) ; 
serenus (clear, unclouded; of the sky, the 
day, &x. ; fig. of the brow) ; laetus, hila- 
ris or -us, (cheerful ; of the countenance) ; 
purus (pure, clean, unspotted : also clear, 
unmixed, as water, air, also, sky, gems, 
&c.) ; mundus (clean) ; merus (un- 
mixed, only of fluids).— A clear sky, 
clear weather, serenum^ serenitas, su- 
dum. — Still and clear weaker, tranquil- 
la serenitas. — It becomes clear, dissere- 
nascit; 'tis so, disserenat. — Clear- 
water (not mixed), aqua pura; wine, vi- 
num merum or merum. IT Also,, 

Clear, i. e. plain, evident, manifest, ei- 
ther to the eye or the mind, perspicuus, 
apertus, manifestus, evidens ; testatus 
(shown, as it were, by witnesses) ; notus, 
cognitus, (known) ; certus (certain) ; 
planus (intelligible, plain) ; clarus, luci- 
dus, dilucidus, illustris, (bright; lucid) ; 
expressus (exactly expressed) ; distinctos 
(well ordered ; also of the speaker). — It is 
clear, est perspicuum, planum, evidens, 
manifestum ; apparet, in aperto est ; 
lucet ; liquet. — It is clearer than the 
light, luce or omni luce or solis luce 
clarius est ; perspicuum est omnibus. — 
Clear marks of crime, expressa scelens 
vestigia. — A clear description, dilucida 
et significans descriptio. — II. (to the 
hearing), canorus (clear-sounding, op- 
posed to fuscus, thick, hollow : clansonus 
is poet.); acutus (sharp, high); clarus 
(clear, audible, loud) ; candidus (clear, 
not thick). — A clear voice, vox clara or 
splendida (this last implies sweetness 
also) ; vox explanabilis (articulate). — 
Clear utterance, os planum or explana- 
tum. — III. Clear (as a quality of the 
sight, of the hearing, and also of the 
mind), acutus (sharp, keen, acute, prop, 
and fig.), acer (sharp ; piercing ; of the 
sio-ht and the mind) ; perspicax (sharp- 
sighted, piercing; of a person as to his 
mind) ; sollers (intelligent, discerning, 
judicious) ; ingeniosus (inventwe, tal- 
ented) ; sagax (sagacious, as to scent or 
hearing, or as to mind). — A clear 
head, ingenium acutum, acre ; acies 

mentis, acumen lngemi. 

IV. Clear, 

free, unencumbered, liber, solutus ; 
liber et solutus : —(unimpaired, unhurt), 
integer (whole), intactus (untouched, 
unimpaired), inviolatus (unviolated) , m- 
vulneratus (unwounded), mcorruptus 
(untainted, spoiled in no part), in- 




columis (unhurt), salvus (with life), 
sospes (saved by the mercy of Heaven). — 
Clear of a thing, liber or liberatus re or 
a re ; vacuus re or a re ; expers alicujus 
rei ; intactus aliqua re. — Clear of debt, 
asre alieno vacuus (having no debts) ; 
«re alieno solutus (freed from them) : 
to get clear of debt, exire are alieno, ses 
alienum dissolvere. — To get clear of a 
a thing, se aliqua re exuere, se ex aliqua 
re explicare, expedire ; fugere, effugere 
aliquid, subterfugere aliquid; evadere 
ex, etc. ; elabi alicui rei or ex re (e. g. 
custodian, vinculis). — To keep (one's 
self) clear of, fugere, defugere, cavere : 
keep another, prohibere or defendere ali- 
quid ab aliquo or aliquem ab aliqua re. 
— To come off clear, vivum, salvum, in- 
tegrum evadere (come off safe) ; absolvi 
(be acquitted) ; pcenas non dare (escape 
punishment), aliquid impune facere, fe- 
cisse. — - TT (innocent, pure), innocens, 
insons, culpa vacuus or carens ; purus, 
castus, integer, sanctus. — A clear con- 
science, conscientia optimae mentis ; con- 
scientia recte facti or recte factorum ; 
mens bene sibi conscia : — to have it, 
nullius culpae sibi conscium esse, sus- 
tentariprEeclaru. conscientia sua. — With 
a clear conscience, sine sollicitudine re- 
ligionis ; salva fide ; salvo officio ; sal- 
vis legibus; bonamente or bono animo; 
liquido. — To be clear of a thing, inson- 
tem esse alicujus rei. IT (fair, im- 
partial), integer (unbiased), incorruptus 
(unbribed), sequus (equal, even, just), 
studio et ira vacuus (dispassionate). 

IT (free, open), patens, apertus ; 

purus (not covered with trees or other 
things) ; expeditus (unobstructed) ; faci- 
lis (easy). — To give a thing clear course, 
rem non impedire. — To make a clear 
way, viam sibi aperire ; (of those who 
give way), loco cedere. IT (full, en- 
tire), solidus, sine ulla deductione ; in- 
teger, plenus ; totus. — / set that down 
as clear gain, id lucro appono, in lucro 
pono, puto esse de lucro. 

Clear, adv. See Clean, adv. 

To Clear up, serenare (e. g. ccelum) : — 
v. n. ccelum serenum or cceli serenitas 
redditur; nubes discutiuntur ,• dissere- 
nascit. — The south wind clears up the sky, 
Notus deterget nubila coelo. — To clear 
up the brow, vultum exhilarare ; fron- 

tem explicare. IT (to purge, cleanse), 

see Cleanse. IT To clear up (make 

plain), illustrare, explanare, lucem or 
lumen alicui rei afierre, dare alicui rei 
lumen, (clear up something obscure) ; 
explicare (something difficult or involved) ; 
solvere, resolvere, (solve, resolve) ; eno- 
A&re (unravel, unknit, e. g. laqueos ju- 
ris). — To clear up an ambiguity, am- 
biguitatem solvere, resolvere. — all 
doubt, dubitationem tollere ; one's, dubi- 
tationem alicui eximere. — To clear up 
obscurities, occulta et quasi involuta 

aperire. IT (to free), liberare re or 

a re, exsolvere re, eximere re or ex re ; 
expedire re (extricate), extrahere ex re 
(draio out), eripere ex or a re (to snatch ; 
the last three to free, from danger, and 
especially/rom unpleasant circumstances); 
levare (relieve). — To clear from debt, 
aere alieno liberare or exsolvere ; from 
pecuniary pressure, difficultate pecunia- 
rum exuere. — from a charge, crimina- 
tionem illatam ab aliquo repellere ; 
crimine aliquem eximere, expedire ; 
absolvere (acquit). — from disgrace, le- 
vare infamia. — To clear one's self of a 
charge, criminationem dissolvere, cri- 
men diluere. — To clear (excuse, justify), 
purgare aliquem or aliquid, aliquem 
culpa liberare, ab aliquo culpam demo- 
vere. — To clear one in amatter, aliquem 
purgare de aliqua re; culpam alicujus 
rei demovere ab aliquo. — To clear one's 
self, se purgare : to one, se purgare ali- 
cui ; satisiacere alicui. IT (open, 

free from obstructions), aperire, patefa- 
cere ; vacuum facere (empty), purgare 
(free from useless matter and cleanse) ; 
munire (viam, make passable, lay out). — 
To clear a ditch, fossam purgare, deter- 
gere. — To clear a way with his sword, 
iter ferro sibi aperire. — Clear the way 
(give place), date locum ; cedite ! — To 
clear the way (make others give place), 
populum or turbam submovere. 

TT To clear away, tollere (de loco, from a 
place ; or ex loco, out of a place) ; amo- 
vere, removere ; amoliri (with effort). — 
rubbish, rudera purgare. — snoio, nivem 
dimovere ; nivem discindere (in order 
to break a way). — Fig. to clear away 
obstacles, amoliri quae impedimento 

sunt. ■ IT To clear money, solidam 

pecuniam sibi facere. IT To clear a 

ship, portorium dare or solvere. 

Clearly, clare : perspicue, evidenter, 
manifesto ; plane, lucide, dilucide ; 
distincte : enodate ;' enucleate ; clare ; 
expresse ; aperte ; literate (in a clear 
hand) : pure, emendate, caste : sine 
dubio, certo, certe ; prorsus, omnino : 
acute, acriter, ingeniose,sagaciter : in- 
tegre, incorrupte, (impartially) : sine 
ulla deductione. 

Clearness, claritas, pelluciditas, perspi- 
cuitas ; serenitas (of the weather), sere- 
num, sudum: perspicuitas, evidentia, 
lux: acies mentis, ingenii, acumen in- 
genii : judicium integrum, incorruptum, 
(fair, disinterested judgment.) — To 
speak with clearness, perspicue dicere, 
plane et aperte dicere, plane et dilucide 
loqui, distincte eloqui, (clearly and intel- 
ligibly) ; plane et articulate eloqui (audi- 
bly, so that the hearer catches every sylla- 
ble). — To write with clearness, plane, 
aperte, perspicue scribere, distincte 
(with definiteness, distinctness) ac dis- 
tribute (in due order) scribere, (as to the 
sense) ; literate perscribere (as to the 

CLEAVE (stick or adhere), adhaerescere 
alicui rei or ad aliquid, inhasrescere in 
aliqua re, (the act) ; haerere in aliqua 
re, adhaerere alicui rei, inharere alicui 

rei or in aliqua re, (the state). My 

tongue cleaves to the roof of my mouth, 
lingua mihi adhaeret. — To cleave to a 
man (of a peculiarity, habit, &c), hae- 
rere alicui ; manere — To cleave to jus- 
tice and virtue, justitiae honestatique 
adhserescere ; justitiam et virtutem am- 
plecti or amplexum (particip. ace. masc.) 
tenere. — To cleave to a man (be an ad- 
herent or partisan of his), deditum, ad- 
dictum esse, favere, studere alicui ; 
favere alicujus partibus ; sequi, sectari 
aliquem. — To cleave together, cohae- 
rere or cohaerescere inter se. 

CLEAVE (to split), findere (gen.), diffin- 
dere (cleave asunder), caedere (make 
small with the axe, e. g. lignum) : — v. n. 
findi ; diffindi ; dividi. — The eagle 
cleaves the air, aquila findit aera. — A 
cloven hoof, ungula fissa, bisulca; 
tongue, lingua bisulca : animals that 
cleave the hoof, bisulca, -orum. — Cleft 
into two, bifidus : into three, trifidus. 

Cleaver, culter. 

Cleft, subst. fissura, fissum ; rima (crev- 
ice). — To get a cleft, fissura dehiscere ; 
rimam agere. 

CLEMENT, clemens ; mollis, lenis, mi- 
tis ; misericors. 

Clemency, dementia; animus lenis, 
ingenium lene ; lenitas ; misericordia. 

— With clemency, leniter; clementer. 
CLERGY, clerus, clerici, ecclesiastici. 
Clergyman, sacerdos ; clericus, ecclesi- 

asticus, sacrorum antistes. 
CLERK (clergyman), clericus, sacerdos : 
(scholar), vir doctus, homo eruditus ; ho- 
mo literatus, literator, (see the Lex.) : 

— (writer, secretary), scriba ; librarius ; 
qui est alicui a manu or ab epistolis ; 
(accountant), qui alicui est a rationibus, 

Clerical, ecclesiasticus. — The clerical 
order, ordo clericorum. 

CLEVER, bonus ; qui aliquid commode 
facit (e. g. he is a clever dancer, com- 
mode saltat) ; qui aliquid scienter facit ; 
arte insignis (e. g. medicus) ; peritus 
alicujus rei ; exercitatus in aliqua re ; 
eruditus; dexter; ingeniosus ; sollers ; 

Cleverly, commode, scienter, bene ; pe- 
rite, ingeniose, docte ; callide. 

Cleverness, habilitas, habitus, ars, usus 
alicujus rei, exercitatio, ingenii dex- 
teritas, dexteritas, peritia alicujus rei. 

CLEW, glomus : (guiding thread), linum 
or filum dux ; (generally), dux, dux viae. 

— This is my clew, hoc sequor. 
CLIENT, cliens. 
Clientship, clientela. 


CLIFF, rupes. 

CLIMACTERIC, climactericus. — Clim- 
acteric years, anni climacterici, gradus 
aetatis humanee. 

CLIMATE, ccelum (quality of the air), 
aer (the air, atmosphere). But when by 
the word climate is meant the region in 
respect of the temperature of the air, we 
find, in Latin, regio. — A temperate 
climate, temperatio or temperies cceli ; 

regio temperata. fl warm climate, aer 

calidus. — cold, aer frigidus ; regio re- 
frigerata. — To be born in a cold climate, 

refrigerata regione nasci. || See 

also Clime. 

CLIMAX, gradatio. 

CLIMB, niti, eniti in, (with accus. ; to 
clamber or toil up) ; scandere aliquid or 
in aliquid ; ascendere aliquid or in ali- 
quid ; escendere in aliquid (implying a 
certain height and an effort, and also 
pointing rather to the completion of the 
ascent ; while ascendere has reference 
rather to the ascent from the plain). — 
To climb the top of the mountain, eva- 
dere in jugum montis; eniti in ver- 
ticem montis. — the ?calls, scandere, 
ascendere muros or in muros ; in muros 
or in mcenia evadere. — To climb a tree, 
inscendere in arborem. — To climb into 
bed, inscendere in lectum. — The fire 
climbed into the high leaves, ignis altas in 
frondes elapsus est. — A climbing, scan- 
sio, ascensus, ascensio. — To climb over, 
transcendere, superare, (e. g. muros, 
Alpes). — That maybe climbed, scansilis. 

CLIME, regio, ora, plaga cceli ; tractus. 

CLINCH (with the hand), maiiu prehen- 
dere or apprehendere ; manu tenere. 

1T To clinch the fist, manum eompri- 

mere pugnumque facere. — With clinch- 
ed fist, pugno ; manu compressa. 

IT To clinch a nail, mucronem clavi re- 
tundere, clavum recurvare : — (to con- 
firm), firmare, confirmare, stabilire. 

Clinch, subst. annominatio (see Auct. ad 
Her. iv. 21, 29) ; ambiguitas verborum. 

CLING, habere, adhasrere, inhaerere ; am- 
plecti, complecti. — Fig. adhasrescere 
alicui rei, amplecti, amplexum (particip. 
masc.) tenere aliquid ; alicui deditum or 
addictum esse. — He clings to his griefs, 
dolores fovet. || See Cleave. 

CLINICAL, clinicus. 

CLINK, tinnire ; crepitare. 

Clink, subst. tinnitus ; crepitus. 

CLIP (huv), complecti, amplecti. 

IT (shear" crop) , tondere, detondere ; re- 
secare (cut away), circumcidere (cut 
round), prcecidere (cut off the end). — To 
clip one's wings, pennas alicui incidere 
or intercidere. — To clip trees, arbores 
putare or ampntare (lop, prune), ton- 
dere (clip, as a hedge). — To clip coin, 
numos circumcidere. — To clip words, 
literas, syllabas opprimere. — To clip 
(take away useless matter ; of a writing, 
&c), resecare, circumcidere, praecide- 
re, ampntare, circumscribere, coercere. 
— To clip away gaudy ornaments, am- 
bitiosa recidere. — To clip (gen., i. e to 
reduce, lessen), minuere, imminuere, 
deminuere, extenuare ; detrahere, de- 
minuere aliquid de aliqna re. 

CLOAK, pallium ; paenula (a riding or 
travelling cloak with a hood) ; lacerna 
(thick, woollen cloak) ; abolla (a double or 
lined cloak, worn by travellers, soldiers, 
and philosophers) ; gausapa (winter-cloak, 
sharro-y on one side), amphimalla (on 
both sides) ; endromis (thick,warm cloak, 
which athletes, &c. threw round them 
after violent exercise) ; sagum, paluda- 
mentum, (the war-garment of the Ro- 
mans -. the sagum was shorter and nar- 
roxoer than the paludamentum ; the 
latter is commonly applied to the general's 
cloak) ; chlamys (the Greek war-garment ; 
afterwards also a cloak like it, worn by 
ladies^ boys, harpers, &c). — To icear a 
cloak, pallium, etc. gestare ; pallio, etc. 

amictum esse. 5 little cloak, pallio- 

lum ; sagulum. IT Fig. (cover), ve- 

lamentum, integumentum, obtentus, 
(gen.) ; praRscriptio, titulus ; species, 
color, color et species. — To deceive one 
under the. cloak of honesty, per fidem 
fallere, decipere, circum venire. — He 
deceived him. under the cloak of friendship, 
specie amicitite or amicitiam simulans 
eum fefellit or decepit. — To cover a 




thing with a cloak of love, aliquid hu-j 
manitate tegere. 

To Cloak, amicire (se, aliquem) pallio, 
etc. — Cloaked, palliatus ; paenulatus ; 
lacernatus ; sagatus or sagulatus, pa- 

ludatus ; chlamydatus. IT (cover, 

disguise), rem involucris tegere et qua- 
si velis obtendere ; rem velare. — To 
cloak a thing with a thing, pratendere 
aliquid alicui rei ; rem tegere or occul- 
tare aliqua re; rem excusatione alicu- 
jus rei tegere; rem colorare nomine 

CLOCK, horologium (timepiece, gen.), ho- 
rologium parietis (wall-clock) ; horologi- 
um solarium or solarium (sun-dial) ; clep- 
sydra (water-clock) ; horaa (the hours, the 
time which the clock shows ; also the clock 
itself). — The clock goes, horologium 
movetur ; right, horOlogii virgula con- 
gruit ad horas. — strikes, horologium 
sono indicat horas. — What o'clock is 
it? hora quota est? — To send to see 
what, &c, mittere ad horas (not horam). 

— Five o'clock has struck, hora quinta 

nuntiata est. IT (an insect), termes 

pulsatorius (L.). 

CLOD, gleba (clod of earth; also gen. ball, 
lump) ; massa (rude, unformed mass) ; 
offa ; globus (round). — A little clod, 

glebula ; massula ; globulus. d great 

clod, moles. U (clodpole, clodpate), 

stipes, caudex; vervex. 

CLOG, impedire, praepedire ; impedimen- 
to esse (with dative) ; morari, remorari, 
tardare, retardare ; obstruere (obstruct) : 

— (load), gravare, onerare ; obruere 
(overwhelm). — To clog the stomach, vino 
et epulis se onerare, vino ciboque se 
gravare ; se ingurgitare. 

Clog, s. impedimentum ; mora ; onus ; 
molestia: (log), caudex: (overshoes), 
tegumenta calceorum ; (wooden shoes), 

CLOISTER, coenobium, monasterium ; 
(colonnade, &c), peristylium, porticus. 

To Cloister, in monasterium includere, 
concludere, detrudere. — Cloistered, in 
monasterio inclusus, abditus ; solitari- 
us ; solus. 

CLOSE, v. (shut), claudere, operire; — 
v. n. connivere (of the eyes) ; coire (of 
wounds, the eyelids, &c.) ; florem suum 
comprimere (of flowers). — To close the 
eyes of a dying man, morienti operire 

oculos The eyes being closed in sleep, 

oculis somno conniventibus. — To close 
one's eyes, connivere (at a thing, ad ali- 
quid). — The eyelids are most fitly made 
for closing the eyes, palpebral aptissime 
factae sunt ad claudendas pupillas. — 
To close the ears to a thing, aures ad 
aliquid claudere. — To close the door, 
ostium, januam, fores operire. — The 
ranks close up, ordines densantur. — To 
march with closed ranks, munito agmine 
incedere. — To close with (in fight) , (ar- 
mis) congredi cum aliquo; (manu)con- 
fligere cum aliquo ; signa conferre cum 
aliquo ; ad manus venire. — To close in 
(fence about, surround), claudere, cin- 
gere, circumdare: (with a wall), muro 
(muris) sepire, mtenibus cingere ; with 
intrenchments, operibus complecti. — 
To close in (of night), appetere: night 
closes in, nox appetit ; advesperascit. 

— To close or close in with (agree), asti- 
pulari alicui, assentiri alicui or alicui 
rei, accedere ad aliquid or alicui rei ; 
se adjungere partibus alicujus, in alicu- 
jus partes transire : — one's opinion, 
alicujus sententiam assensione compro- 
bare, alicujus sententiae accedere ; ire, 
pedibus ire in alicujus sententiam, (of 
senators). — To close up, claudere, con- 
cludere ; signare, obsignare, (seal up). 

1F (bring to an end, end), finire ; 

finem facere alicujus rei ; finem facere 
or imponere alicui rei ; — (bring about), 
absolvere, ad finem perducere, facere, 
conficere, perficere, consummare : — 
v. n. finire ; finem habere or capere, 
exitum habere ; desinere ; cadere or 
excidere in, etc. (of words, &c). — To 
close a letter, scribendi finem facere, 

epistolam concludere a speech, finem 

facere orationis or dicendi. — a dispute, 
controversiam dirimere (by one's inter- 
position) ; controversiam componere (by 
a composition). — We close the bargain, 
de pretio inter nos convenit. — To close 

the order of march, agmen claudere or 
Close, subst. (inclosed place), septum, 
conseptum, ager conseptus ; cohors or 
chors (for cattle, &c. either fixed or mova- 
ble) : — (closing in of night), prima nox ; 
crepusculum: — (pause), intermissio : 

— (end, conclusion), conclusio (closing, 
ending) ; finis, exitus, (end, issue) ; ex- 
trema pars (lastpart) ; clausula (closing 
form of a letter or writing, consisting of 
but a few words or a period) ; conclusio, 
peroratio, epilogus, (the conclusion of a 
set speech, as forming a constituent part 
of the same) ; also, extremus, a, um (im- 
plying the whole lastpart, not the extreme 
end). fit the close of the speech, in ex- 
treme oratione (but in fine orationis, at 
the very end). — At the close of the year, 
sub fine or exitu anni ; anno exeunte. 

— To bring to a close, ad finem or ad 
exitum adducere. 

Close, adj. (shut), clausus. IT (nar- 
row, strait), angustus, arctus or artus, 
contractus; intimus (intimate). — A 
close garment (fitting closely), vestis 
stricta et singulos artus exprimens. — 
Close writing (e. g. at the bottom of the 
page), pagina? contractio. — Close ties 
of friendship, arctissima amicitiae vin- 
cula. — To make close, angustum red- 
dere ; angustare ; coarctare ; contra- 

here. IT (narrow, attentive), acer, 

attentus. — To look at with close atten- 
tion, acri animo et attento intueri, acri 
us contueri, acerrime contemplari. — 
To pay close attention, diligenter atten 

dere, adesse animo (or -is). IT (thick, 

dense, compact), crassus, densus, spissus, 

confertus ; solidus, firmus. IT (of 

style, &c), pressus ; concisus, circum 
cisus ; accuratus, subtilis, (exact, nice, 
thorough). — A close translation of a 
book, liber scriptoris totidem verbis 
translatus. — A close copy (of a writing), 

exemplum accurate descriptum. 

IT Close air, aer gravis. IT Close 

fight, pugna in arto. — To come to close 
fight with the enemy, signa conferre cum 

hostibus. IT A close (hard-fought) 

contest, acre prcelium, certamen. 

IT (taciturn), taciturnus ; (dark, secret), 
occultus, tectus; (concealed), abditus, 
reconditus, occultus ; (retired), solita- 

rius, solus. IT (close-fisted, niggardly), 

parens ; tenax ; sordidus (vilely so). 

Close, Closely, adv. (firmly), firme, 
firmiter ; (narrowly, straitly), anguste, 
arete ; (attentively), acri et attento ani- 
mo, acrius, acerrime, diligenter ; (tight- 
ly, niggardly), parce, arete, exigue, ma- 
l'igne ; (thickly, compactly), dense, solide, 
confertim ; (accurately, nicely), accu- 
rate, subtiliter ; (compressedly), presse ; 
(hand to hand), cominus ; (hotly), acriter, 
acerrime ; (constantly), assidue. — To 
watch closely, magna cura custodire 

(prop.). IT (secretly), occulte, tecte, 

latenter, clam. TT (near), prope 

(propius, proxime) ; in propinquo. — 
To be close at hand, supra caput esse, in 
cervicibus esse, in capite et in cervici- 
bus esse, (to be at one's heels, of persons 
or events) ; imminere, instare, (as to 
time) ; appetere (of day, night, &c.) ; 
prope esse (be near; gen.). — To press 
close upon (of a pursuing enemy), pre- 
mere hostes, instare hostibus. — Close 
by, prope (with a and the abl., or with ac- 
cus.) ; secundum (by, along) ; ad, prop- 
ter, juxta, (hard by). — To sit close by 
one's house, prope ab alicujus aadibus 
sedere. — Close to the bank, propter ripam 
(hard bij) ; secundum ripam (along the 
bank, e. g. to sail). — Fields lying close 
together, agri continui. — To sit close 
behind one, proxime ab aliquo sedere. 
ff (of translation), ad verbum, toti- 
dem verbis. 

Closeness, densitas, soliditas: — angus- 
tiae, contractio : — (of the air), gravitas : 
— (nearness), propinquitas : — (secrecy, 
privacy), natura recondita, altitudo ani- 
mi or ingenii ; taciturnitas (habit of 
silence) ; cautio (caution) : — (niggardli- 
ness), tenacitas, malignitas, sordes : — 
(close connection), conjunctio. 

Closet. See Cabinet. IT (close), sep- 
tum ; (press), armarium ; (store-room), 
cella penaria. 

To Closet, claudere, concludere ; in cu- 

biculum secretius intromittere or recipe- 
re; sese cum aliquo in cubiculum secreti- 
us abdere; sine arbitris loqui cum aliquo. 

CLOT of blood, sanguis concretus. 

To Clot, concrescere. — Hair clotted with 
blood, crines concreti sanguine. 

CLOTH, panni (cloths) ; pannus (apiece 
of cloth) ; textum (woven stuff). — Wool- 
len cloth, pannus laneus ; lanea (-orum). 
—Linen, pannus linteus ; linteum ; lintea 
(-orum). — Cotton, pannus xylinus, bom- 
bycinus, byssinus ; xylina, etc Hair- 
cloth, cilicium. — Table-cloth, linteum 
mensae superinjiciendum — To lay the 
cloth, linteum superinjicere mensae. — 
Cloth of gold, pannus auro intextus. — 
To sell cloth, pannos vendere, venditare. 

Clothes, vestis, vestimenta, tegumenta 
corporis, indumenta ; vestitus (way of 
dress, clothing) ; habitus, cultus, orna- 
tus. — To put on clothes, induere sibi 
vestem or se veste, veste indui. — To 
have on new clothes, recenti veste indu- 
tum esse. — Old-fashioned clothes (dress), 
vestitus obsoletus. — To sell old clothes, 
vestes tritas, obsoletas vendere, vendi- 
tare. — A complete suit of clothes, syn- 
thesis. — Trunk for clothes, area vestia- 
ria. — Bed-clothes, vestimenta stragula, 
or in connection, vestimenta. 

To Clothe, vestire, convestire ; veste te- 
gere, veste induere aliquem, vestem in- 
duere alicui ; fig. vestire, convestire. — 
To clothe one's self (put on clothes), indu- 
ere sibi vestem or se veste, veste indui ; 
with a thing, vestiri aliqua re. — To 
clothe one's self no better than a slave, se 
non servo melius vestire. — Clothed in 
a toga, toga amictus, togatus : — in a 
tunic, tunicatus. — The earth clothes 
itself with flowers, with grass, terra ves- 
titur floribus, herbis. 

Clothing, vestis, vestimenta: vestitus. 

Clothier, vestiarius, qui vestes vendit 
or venditat. 

CLOUD, nubes (prop, and fig. ; see the 
Lex.) ; nubila (pi. clouds ; mostly poet.) ; 
silva (only of immaterial things) ; vis 
magna. — A cloud of dust, nubes pulve- 
ris ; of cavalry, equitum. — To fall from 
the clouds, de ccelo delabi ; ex astris 
delabi, decidere. — To be in the clouds 
(in amazement), stupere. — To soar into 
the clouds (fig.), nubes et inania captare. 

To Cloud, nubibus obducere, obscurare ; 
fig. obscurare, obnubilare ; perturbare. 

— Clouded, nubilus, obnubilus ; (of 
gems), nubilus, nubilans. — A clouded 
brow, frons contracta (knit) ; vultus 
tristis, frons nubila, (serious look). — 
The sky becomes clouded, r.celum nubibus 
obducitur ; nubilatiir ; nubilare ccepit. 

— A head clouded with wine, caput vino 

percussum. 1 dignity never clouded by 

passion, nullo motu perturbata gravitas. 

Cloudy, nubilus, obnubilus ; nubifer 

(bringing clouds) ; obscurus. 8 cloudy 

sky, ccelum in quo nubes coguntur (hav- 
ing clouds) ; cofilum nubilum (becloud- 
ed, overcast with clouds). — Somewhat 
cloudy, subnubilus. — A dark, cloudy 

color, color nubilus. IT (not clear), 

turbidus, turbatus limo : faeculentus 
(dreggy, e. g. wine, beer). — Cloudy with 
wrath, nubilus ira. — 1| See also To Cloud. 

Cloudless, nubibus vacuus ; serenus. 

Cloudcapt, caput (verticem, etc.) inter 
nubila condens. 

CLOUT, linteum, linteolum ; pannus, 
panniculus ; (patch), pannus (of cloth). 

To Clout, sarcire, resarcire. 

CLOVE, caryophyllum or garyophyllum 
(perhaps); caryophyllus aromaticus (L.). 
— (rillvflowcr, dianthus caryophyllus (L.) 

CLOVEN. See Cleave. 

CLOVER, trifolium. 1 clover-field, ager 

trifolio consitus. — To live in clover, 
jucunde, laute vivere ; in rosa vivere. 

CLOWN, agricola, agri cultor, colonus ; 
homo rusticanus, rusticus, agrestis: 
(rude, unpolished), homo rusticus, agres- 
tis, inurbanus, incultus. — A very clown, 
merum rus. 

Clownish, rusticus, etc. — Somewhat so, 
subrusticus. — Clownish manners, mo- 
res inculti, rustici. 

Clownishly, rustice. 

Clownishness, rusticitas ; mores inculti, 
rustici ; feritas (brutishness). 

CLOV, exsatiare, exsaturare, (prop, and 
fig.) ; satietatem, fastidiurn, taedium 




afferre alicui, (prop, and Jig.) ; explere, 
(to fill, glut, prop, and fig.). — To cloy 
one's self, cibo vinoque exsatiari ; se 
usque ad nauseam ingurgitare.— .one's 
desires, libidines exsatiare. — Cloyed, 
satietate defessus. — / am cloyed with a 
thing, satieras alicujus rei me tenet ; 
me taedet or pertaesum est alicujus rei. 

Cloying, Cloyment, satietas, fastidium, 

CLUB,clava,fustis.— Club-fooled,scciunis, 
talis pravis or exstantibus. — Club-law, 

vis. M (at cards), trifolium. 

1T (share of a reckoning), symbola. 

ff (compamj), circulus : (actio (an asso- 
ciation, forming a faction). 

To Club, conferre in aliquid ; venimus 
quisque in partem impensae : (league to- 
gether), societatem coi're ; conspiiare. 

CLUCK, glocire. 

CLUE. See Clew. 

CLUMP, caudex; (bunch of trees), arbores 
condensse, locus arboribus condensus, 

CLUMSY, inhabilis (unmanageable, un- 
wieldy), vastus (clumsy from great size), 
inscite factus (clumsily made), agrestis 
(awkward, ungainly), rusticus (boorish), 
inurbanus (not polite), rudis (raw, un- 
practised), inscitus (without knowledge or 
judgment, absurd, silly), gravis (heavy, 
slow, e. g. lingua), durus (hard, not 
flowing, e. g. speech or expression, verse) ; 
incompositus (ill arranged). — To have a 
clumsy gait, corporis motu esse agrestem. 

Clumsily, inficete, incomposite ; inur- 
bane, rustice ; inepte, incommode ; in- 
scite ; crassa or pingui Minerva. — To 
dance clumsily, minus commode saltare. 

Clumsiness, inhabilis moles corporis vas- 
ti (unwieldy vastriess) ; rusticitas, inur- 
banitas, mores rustici, inurbani; gravi- 
tas linguae, duritas. 

CLUSTER, uva (of grapes) ; corymbus 
(of ivy, and other like plants) ; racemi 
(inpl., a cluster of grapes, ivy, <fcc); acer- 
vus, cumulus, (heap) ; circulus (cluster 
of men), corona (ring of men about a 
speaker), turba (crowd,throng), multitu&o 
in unum conglobata; examen (of bees). 
|| See Clump. 

To Cluster, uvas, racemos ferre ; uvas, 
racemos facere ; congregari, in unum 
conglobari. — The clustering vine, vitis 
uvifera, racemifera. 

CLUTCH, prehendere, appreliendere ma- 
nu ; fig. alicui rei manus adhibere, af- 

Clutches, ungues ; fig. manus. — To fall 
into one's clutches, in manus alicujus 
venire. — To snatch something from one's 
clutches, aliquid manibus or ex fauci- 
bus alicujus eripere. 

CLUTTER, turba?, tumultus, motus. 

CLYSTER, clyster. — To take a clyster, 
clystere purgari.— To apply one, aliquid 
per clysterem immittere ; ducere alvum 
clystere ; clysterizare aliqnem. 

COACH, currus (gen.); rheda (four- 
wheeled travelling coach, stage-coach), 
carruca (for persons of quality ; probably 
covered) ; carpentum (two-wheeled coach 
of state) ; pilentum (four-wheeled, hung 
on springs, and having a top ; used by 
Roman matrons on religious occasions) ; 
tensa or thensa (four-wheeled, in which 
the images of the gods were conveyed). — 
To keep a coach and four, currum et equos 
habere. — To ride in a coach, curru, etc. 

vehi. fl hackney coach, rheda merito- 

ria. — 1 coach-box,'seAes ejus, qui currum 
agit.— Coachman, rhedarius ; carrucatius 
(of a gentleman's coach). — Coach-horse, 
equus rhedarius, carrucarius. 

COADJUTOR, socius ; adjutor :— colle- 
ga adjunctus : — episcopus designa- 

COAGULATE, v. a. coagulare : v. n. 
coagulari, concrescere. 

Coagulation, coagulatio. 

COAL, carbo: (fossil), carbo fossilis, 
carbo bituminosus (sea-coal). — A little 
coal, carbunculus. — A live coal, pruna ; 
carbo candens, vivus. — dead, carbo ex- 
stinctus, emortuus. — To reduce to coals, 
in carbones redigere. — To become coal, 
carbonescere ; in carbones redigi. — 
Coal-trade, negotium carbonarium. — 
Coal-rake, rutabulum. — Coal-mine, fo- 
dina carbonis, carbonaria. — A fire of 
coals, carbones candentes. — To carry 

coals to J\Tewcastle, in silvam ligna ferre. 

— Coal-black, piceus, perniger Coal- 
grate, crates ferrea ad carbones urendos. 

Collier, carbonarius. 

Colliery, carbonaria. 

COALESCE, coalescere. — into one people, 
in unius populi corpus coalescere. 

Coalescence, Coalition, junctio, con- 
junctio, colligatio, confusio.— IT (league, 
&c), societas ; fcedus ; concilium. 

COARSE, crassus. — meal, farina crassa. 

— bread, panis secundus or secundarius. 

— sand, sabulo ; saburra (for ballast). — 

thread, filum crassum. IT (gross), 

crassus, insubtilis. IT (raw), rudis, 

imperitus, inscitus. IT (in man- 
ners), inurbanus, rusticus, agrestis. 

11 (mean, vile), vulgaris, quotidianus, 
vilis ; humilis, illiberalis. — A coarse 
jest, jocus illiberalis. — Coarse lan- 
guage, sermo ex triviis arreptus. 

Coarsely, crasse ; crassa or pingui Mi- 
nerva ; imperite, inscite ; rustice, in- 
urbane ; contumeliose ; humiliter, illi- 

Coarseness, crassitudo : inhumanitas, 
inurbanitas, rusticitas, mores inculti, 
rustici : probra, maledicta, contumelise : 

COAST, ora (the whole inhabited coast, ex- 
tending inland) ; litus (the shore, strand). 

— To anchor off the coast, in salo tenere 
navem in ancoris. — Situate on the coast, 
maritimus. — Fish which frequent the 
coast, pisces litorales. — Diccllers on the 
coast, maris or litoris accolae ; homines 

To Coast along the shore, Oram legere. 

Coaster, navis oraria. 

COAT, vestis, vestimentum, indumen- 
tum, (garment) , amiculum (though this is 
properly a garment thrown on, not drawn 

on) ; tunica. In overcoat, abolla, en- 

dromis ; gausapa (shaggy). 9. waist- 
coat, colobium. — A coat of mail, lorica. 

— Fig. the horse changes his coat, equus 
pilos mutat. — The coat of the snake 

which he casts off, vernatio, senecta 

IT (skin, membrane), membrana, tunica ; 

cutis ; corium ; callus. IT (of plaster, 

&,c), corium : circumlitio (of varnish or 

wax over statues of marble, &c). 

IT Coat of arms, insigne generis. 

To Coat, veste, etc. induere : — inducere, 
illinere, circumlinere. 

COAX, blandiri alicui, permulcere ali- 

COBBLE, sarcire, resarcire ; inscienter 

Cobbler, sutor veteramentarius ; impe- 
ritus artifex : (any workman), cerdo. — 
A cobbler's shop, sutrina. 

COBWEB, aranea (-re), textura or tela 
aranea?; texta aranea; aranea (-orum). — 
Full of cobwebs, araneosus. — Like cobweb, 
similis textis araneis ; also araneosus. 

COCHINEAL, coccum (coccus cacti, L.). 

COCK (male bird), mas (opposed to femi- 
na) : (the male of the hen), gallinas 
maritus ; gallus gallinaceus, also gal- 
lus or gallinaceus alone. — A game- 
cock, gallinaceus pyctes. — A young 
cock, pullus gallinaceus. — Turkey- 
cock, gallus Indicus ; meleagris gallb- 
pavo (L.). — Cock's comb, galli crista : — 
wattles, palea galli. — Cock-crowing, 
galli cantus ; the time thereof, gallicini- 
um ; about it, sub galli cantum. — Cock- 
fight, pugna or certamen gallorum : — 
to set cocks a-fighting, gallos inter se 
committere. — Cockspur, calcar galli. 

— Weather-cock, (gallus) ventorum in- 
dex. — Fig. leader, head, dux, caput, 

princeps ; signifer. 1T (of an arrow), 

crena : — (of a gun), retinaculum (pyri- 

tse). IT (of a pipe, cask, &c), os ; 

epistomium. IT (of hay), meta fceni. 

To Cock, attollere, erigere. — the hat, 
causiam erigere. — the nose, naribus 
contemptum or fastidium ostendere ; 
at one, aliquem suspendere naso. — the 

ears, aures erigere, arrigere. IT To 

cock a gun, retinaculum erigere or ad 

ictiim parare. IT To cock hay, fcenum 

in metas exstruere. IT v. n. (to 

strut), magnifice incedere. 

Cockade, insigne pilei (publicum); insigne 
militare, quod est in petaso (of a soldier). 

Cockatrice, basiliscus. 

Cockboat, scapha. 

Cockloft, ccenaculum superius, ccenacu- 

lum super aedes. — To live in a cockloft, 
sub tegulis habitare. 

Cocksure (of a person), fidens, confidens ; 
(a thing), certus. — To be cocksure (of a 
person), rem factam statim putare. — 
The thing is cocksure, res in vado est 
(is safe). — lam cocksure of him, eum fe- 
ci meum. 

COCKER, alicui indulgere, indulgentii 
tractare aliquem; aliquem mollire, 
emollire, effeminare ; muita blandi- 
menta alicui dare. 

COCKLE (fish), concha marina, conchy- 

lium marinum. IT (weed), rhoeas 

(-adis), L. 

COCKNEY, oppidanus, homo delicatua 
qui in urbe habitat. 

COCOA (nut), cocos, nux Indica. — tree, 
cocos nucifera (L.). 

COD (fish), gadus morhua (L.). 

IT (husk), folliculus ; valvulus (of pulse) ; 
siliqua (pod of pulse). 

CODE, leges (scriptae) ; also codex, cor- 
pus juris. 

CODICIL, codicillus, codicilli. 

CODLE, igne mollire, mitigare. — Codled, 
semicoctus. — Codling, malum ad co- 
quendum aptum. 

COERCE, coercere, circumscribere. 

Coercion, coercitio (also, the right to use 
it); vis (force); poena (punishment). — 
To use it on one, vi grassari in aliquem. 

Coercive poioer, means, coercitio. 

COEVAL, ejusdem aetatis ; aequalis, co- 
sequalis ; coaetaneus, coaevus, (in late 

COEXIST, simul esse or fieri, uno et 
eodem tempore esse or fieri. 

COFFEE (the tree), coflea (L.) ; (the 
grains), fabae. cofTeae ; (the drink), coflea, 
potus cofTeae. — # coffee-pot, hirnea or 
hirnula cofTeae. — Coffee-mill, fistula ser- 
rata. — Coffee-house, caupona. 

COFFER, area; thesaurus; gaza ; aera- 
rium, fiscus. 

Cofferer, prasfectus asrarii ; custos the- 
sauri or gazae ; (steward), dispensator. 

COFFIN, area, loculus. 

To Coffin, in area or loculo ponere. 

COG (flatter, coax), aliquem adulari ; ali- 
cui assentari ; alicui blandiri. — To get 
by cogging, eblandiri. 

COG (of awheel), rotae dens, denticulus. 

— A cog-wheel, rota dentibus instructa, 
rota dentata or denticulata. 

COGENT, efficax, valens, potens ; fir- 
mus, gravis, (convincing, e. g. a proof). — 
A most cogent remedy, remedium praesens. 

Cogency, efficientia, efheacia, efficacitas ; 
vis (power, force); gravitas (e. g. of proof). 

COGITATION, cogitatio. 

COGNIZANCE, cognitio ; intelligent. 

— To take cognizance of, de re cognos- 
ces (try it) ; rationem habere alicuju9 
rei (have regard to it): (perceive with 
the senses), sentire, sensibus percipere ; 
(with the mind), animadvertere, cognos- 
ces, sentire, videre. 

Cognizable, obnoxius; — by the senses, 
quod sensibus percipi potest, sensibilis. 

COHABIT, in eadem domo habitare (in 
the same house) ; contubernales esse (in 
the same tent, room). — with one, cum 
aliquo habitare (in one's room) ; apud 
aliquem or in domo alicujus (in one's 
house). — To cohabit (illicitly) with, cum 
aliquo vivere consuetam esse. 

COHEIR, coheres. 

COHERE, cohaerere or cohaerescere (in- 
ter se) ; aptos et connexos esse inter se. 

— well, praeclare inter se cohaerere. 

TT (agree, fit), congruere, con venire. 

Coherence, cohaerentia; contextus (con- 
nection, e. g. orationis,verborum, rerum 
et verborum), perpetuitas (unbroken- 
ness) ; colligatio (connection) ; conjunc- 
tio (harmonious connection) ; constantia 

Coherent, cohaerens, inter se cohaeren- 
tes; contextus: continens, continuus, 
perpetuus : aptus, accommodatus, con- 
gruens, consentaneus : conjunctus : 
constans sibi (consistent). 

Cohesion. See Coherence. 

Cohesive, cohaerens. — Cohesive power, 
vis cohaerendi. 

COHORT, cohors (prop, and fig.). 

COIF, ornatus or ornamentum capitis ; 
mitra, mitella ; calantica. See Cap. 

COIL a rope, complicare rudentem. — 
To coil himself up (of a snake), plicare se 




in sua membra, colligere se in spi- 

Coil, subst. (of rope), rudens complicatus ; 
(of a snake), spira. 

COIL (turmoil), strepitus, turba, tumul- 
tus, trepidatio. 

COIN, numus (a single piece) ; numi 
(coined money) ; genus numorum (kind 
of coin), also numi. — Small coin, nu- 
muli. — Silver coin, argentum signatum ; 
also argentum. — Base coin, numi adul- 
terini. — To strike base or counterfeit 
coin, pecunias vitiare. — The same (kind 
of) coin, corpora numorum eadem. — 
To pay in Roman coin, ad denarium sol- 
vere. — To pay in the same coin (tit for tat) , 
par pari referre. 

To Coin, cudere, ferire, percutere,(s£W&e); 

signare (stamp). IT (invent, forge), 

nngere, confingere, comminisci. — To 
coin new words, verba fabricari. 

Coinage (coining), cusio monetalis (Cod. 
Theod.).; (the department, concern), res 
numaria ; (the coin), numi ; (the expense 
o/coi?im,g-), impendia monetae: — fig. Ac- 
tio, confictio ; (the thing), res ficta or 
commenticia, commentum. 

Coiner, monet<e opifex, monetarius; 
(counterfeiter), monetam adulterinam 
exercens, pecunias vitians ; (inventor), 
inventor, auctor. 

COINCIDE (in place), in unum or in 
unutn locum conveniie, unum et eun- 
dem locum tenere ; (in time), in idem 

tempus incidere. IT (to agree), con- 

sentire ; congruere ; convenire ; con- 
stare (be consistent). — with him in opinion, 
unum idemque sentio cum illo ; consen- 
tio cum illo ; non dissentio ab illo. 

Coincident, qure unum et eundumlocum 
tenent, quae «no et eodem tempore hunt; 
congruens, conveniens, constans, con- 

Coincidence, concursio (the act of meet- 
ing) ; concursus (the state: fig. of mis- 
fortunes) : (agreement), consensus, con- 
sensio, concentus, convenientia. 

COITION, coitus. 

COLANDER, colum. 

COLD, frigidus (also fig., without fire or 
life, dull ; but see Lex.) ; algens, algidus, 
(cold in itself, of a cold nature) ; algens 
is also used of that which does not keep one 
warm, e. g. algens toga ; gelidus (icy 
cold; also fig. in the poets) : languidus 
(fig., without spirit, dull), lentus (dull, 
without feeling, indifferent, cold-blooded ; 
both less than frigidus) ; irreverens (with 
gen., or ace. and prepos. ; not showing 
respect to what should be respected) ; tar- 
dus, segnis, (slow, sluggish); iners (easy). 

— It is generally cold in the morning, fere 
matutinis temporibus frigus est. — Very 
cold, perfrigidus. — Cold water, aqua fri 
gida. — 9 cold drink, potus algens; frigida 
(sc. potio, as refreshment). — To take 

cold bath, frigidgt (sc. aqudi.) lavari. 9 

gold wind, ventus frigidus. — Very cold 
weather, tempestas frigida, perfrigida. 

— It grows cold, frigus ingruit; colder, 

frigus ingravescit. 9 cold winter, 

hiems frigida. — A cold (lifeless, frigid) 

letter, liter» languidae, frigida? Cold 

praise, laus frigida ; to get it, frigere (of 
a speech, &c). — To become cold, friges- 
cere, refrigescere, refrigerari, (prop, 
and fig. of persons and things) ; langues- 
cere (fig. grow languid, dull). — To 
make cold, refrigerare (prop, and fig.). — 
He does a thing in cold blood, consulto et 
cogitatum aliquid facit. — Cold comfort, 
solatia frigida, (Ovid.). 

Cold, subst. frigus (in the air, as causing the 
feeling and effects of cold), algor (as felt), 
gelu (as freezing) : — severe cold is also 
expressed by vis frigoris ; vis hiemalis ; 
frigora (this with the farther idea of con- 
tinuance). — To be able to bear cold, algo- 
ris patientem esse. — To be unable to 
bear either great cold or heat, neque fri- 
gora neque aestus tolerare posse. — Se- 
vere cold is not known (in a country), as- 

peritas frigorum abest. IT A cold, 

gravedo, gravedo frigida. — To take cold, 
perfrigescere. — To bring on a cold, gra- 
vedinem concitare, afferre. 

Coldly, frigide (fig.), languide, lente 
lento pectore, segniter. — To take a thing 
coldly, aliqua re non moveri ; non labo 
rare de re (e. g. de alicujus morte). - 
To do a thing coldly, frigide agere. 

Coldness, frigus, algor ; pectus lentum, 
lentitudo; languor; animus frigidus, 
frigus ; irreverentia. — Coldness to reli- 
gion, irreverentia Dei ac religionum (as 
to outward worship) ; negligentia Dei or 
religionis. — Coldness to one (who had 
been a friend), animus alienatus ab ali- 
quo ; also frigus. 

COLE, brassica, olus, caulis. 

COLIC (strictly), colicus dolor, colon: 
(of the stomach gen.), tormina, strophus. 
— Remedy therefor, colice, colicum medi- 
camentum. — Having it, colicus. — Sub- 
ject to it, torminosus. — To have it, tor- 
minibus affectum esse. 

Colic, adj. colicus. 

COLLAPSE, collabi. — Collapsed cheeks, 
fluentes buccal ; gens labentes. 

COLLAR, collare (gen.) ; maelium or mel- 
lum (a collar for dogs, armed with points); 
armilla (iron ring for a dog ; hence, canis 
armillatus) ; collaria (sc. catena, a fetter 
for the neck) ; helcium (for horses, Sec). 

9 collar of sticks for refractory beasts, 

numella. IT of a garment, collare. 

To Collar, aliquem collo prehendere ; 
collum alicui torquere (give his neck a 

COLLATE (compare), conferre res (e. g. 
codices) inter se or aliquid cum aliqua 

re. 1T (to a benefice), sacerdotium or 

munus ecclesiasticum alicui deferre. 

Collation (comparison), collatio. 

IT (of a benefice), munus alicui delatum 
IT (a light repast), ccenula, gustatio 

— To take one, gustare. — To make one, 
coenulam facere. 

COLLATERAL may be sometimes expressed 
by adjuvans (as, some causes are direct and 
immediate, others collateral, causarum alias 
sunt*p rox i mae 5 a 'i ffi adjuvantes) ; some- 
times by minoris momenti ; by adjunc- 
tus ; by quod alicui rei accedit ; also by 
medius. — A collateral line of descent, li- 
nea transversa. 

COLLEAGUE, collega ; collegaet socius. 

— Colleagueship, collegium. 
COLLECT, legere (gather, gather up), 

colligere (gather together, put together), 
conquirere (hunt up, collect diligently or 
eagerly), congerere in unum locum 
(bring together into one place), coacervare 
(heap up); (of taxes, &c), exigere. — an 
army, copias or exercitum parare or com- 
parare (get together, raise). — troops, co- 
pias in unum locum cogere, contrahere 
(assemble in one place). — To collect a 
thing in great quantity, magnam alicujus 
rei multitudinem conficere. — To collect 
treasure, pecuniam, opes undique con- 
quirere ; pecuniam conflare ; opes exag- 
gerare. — \\ To collect, v. n. cogi, se con- 
gregare, congregari, convenire, coire ; 
confluere, frequentes convenire. — The 
waters had collected, aqua? creverant. 

IT To collect one's self, se or animum 

colligere. — Collected, impavidus, intre- 
pidus ; tranquillus (see Calm, Calmness). 
IT (;infer, conclude), concludere, coge- 
re ; efneere, colligere. — From which we 
may collect, ex quo effici cogique potest. 

Collection (the act), lectio, collectio, 
conquisitio ; (contribution), erani, colla- 
tio ; (of curiosities, &c), thesaurus ; (of 
people), conventus, circulus, globus, etc 
— corpus (e. g. omnis juris Rornani 

IT Collections, Collectanea, electorum 

commentarius or commentarii; dicta 
collectanea ; excerpta, conjectanea ; 
aliorum scriptis collecta (compilation) 

Collective, universus ; cunctus, omnis. 

Collectively, in universum; or univer 
sus with a subst. — The human race col 
lectively, hominum genus universum. 

Collector, qui aliquid legit, colligit, con 
quirit; (compiler), which see; (of taxes 
&c), exactor, coactor. — The collectors 
of the public revenue, qui vectigalia exer- 
cent et exigunt. 

COLLEGE (society), collegium, corpus 
sodalitas, societas : (academical institu- 
tion), academia. — To go to college, in 
academiam migrare. — To be at college, 
inter academiae cives versari. 

Collegian, academicus, civis academi- 
cus (or academiae). 

Collegiate, academicus. 

COLLIER. See Coal. 

COLLISION. See Clash. 

COLLOCATION, collocatio. 
I COLLOP, caruncula, carnis frustum 

COLLOQUY, colloquium, collocutio; 


Colloquial. — language, sermo commu- 
nis, sermo quotidianus, also sermo. 

COLLUSION, collusio; — with one, cum 
aliquo. — To have collusion with one, 
colludere cum aliquo. 

Collusively, collusorie. 

COLON (the stop), puncta duo, colon : (the 
intestine), colum. 

COLONEL, tribunus militum (of infan- 
try) ; prafectus (of cavalry). 

COLONNADE, columnarum ordo or se- 
ries ; porticus (covered gallery) ; peristy- 
lium (peristyle). 

COLONY (the men), colonia; coloni. — 
To lead a colony into a place, colon iam 
deducere in aliquem locum. — send out, 
coloniam or colonos mittere in locum. 

IT (the place), colonia. — To plant a 

colony somewhere, coloniam in aliquo loco 
constituere, collocare. 

Colonial, colonicus. 

Colonist, colonus. 

Colonize a place, coloniam mittere in ali- 
quem locum ; coloniam deducere in lo- 
cum ; coloniam in loco collocare. 

Colonization, deductio coloniamm in 
aliquem locum, etc. 

COLOR (as a property of a body), color; 

— of the face, color, color oris. — A 
full, high color, color satur. — faint, dull, 
color dilutior. — To lose color, colorem- 
amittere ; that has lost color, decolor. 

— Of divers colors, versicolor, discolor, 
varius. — Of the same color (in itself), 
coneolor; (with andther), ejusdem colo- 
ns, eodem colore. — To change color (in 
the face), colorem mutare or immutare ; 
not to, consistere ore. — His color comes 
and goes, non constat ei color et vultus. 
IT (as giving color, means of color- 
ing), pigmenturh ; color. — To take it, 
colorem ducere, bibere. — To lay it on, 
colorem inducere alicui rei. — To paint 
a crime in dark' colors, crimen atrociter 
deferre (in informing of it). IT (pre- 
tence), causa; prascriptio, nomen ; si- 
mulatio alicujus rei ; species (show, seem- 
ing). — Under color of something, per cau- 
sam alicujus rei; nomine, simulatione 
alicujus rei ; specie or perspeciem alicu- 
jus rei. — To give a fair color to an ill 
matter, rei deformi dare colorem; ho- 

nestal praescriptione rem tegere. 

IT Colors (ensign of war), signum, vex- 
illum ; of several, signa, vexilla. — To 
serve under one's colors, castra alicujus 
sequi. — To follow the colors, signa se- 
qui. — To desert them, signa militaria 
relinquere, a signis discedere. — With 
colors flying, passis vexiilis. 

To Color, tingere, inficere, (by dipping ; 
with something, aliqua re) ; colorare ali- 
quid, inducere colorem alicui rei, (give 

a color to, lay a color on). 1T (cloak), 

praetendere rem rei, rem tegere or occul- 
tare re, rem excusatione rei tegere, rem 
in simulationem rei conferre, rem colo- 
rare aliquo nomine. 

Colored, coloribus distinctus (diversified 
with colors). 

Coloring, col ores ; ratio colorum. — 
Beautiful, lively coloring, nitor. 

COLOSSUS, colossus, statua colossea, 
signum colossicum. 

Colossea n, Colossal, colossicus, colosse- 
us, qui magnitudinis humanae formam 
excessit : (vast, huge), vastus, immanis, 
vastus et immanis. 

COLT, pullus equinus masculus ; pole- 
drus (in the Latin of the middle ages). 

COLTER, dens or culter aratri. 

COLUMN (pillar), columna. IT (divis- 
ion of an army), pars exercitus ; agmen 
(on the march). — To march in columns, 
exercitu in partes diviso incedere ; in 
three columns, tripartito agmine incedere. 

COMATOSE, veternosus, lethargicus ; 

COMB, pecten (also a flax-comb). — The 
tooth of a comb, radius pectinis ; a small- 
toothed comb, pecten densioribus radiis, 
pecten densus. — 9 comb for the hair, pec- 
ten crinalis (for combing ; as an ornament, 
the Romans used a needle, acus discrimi- 
nalis). — In the manner of a comb, pec- 

tinatim. 9 comb-maker, pectinarius. 

IT (of a cock), crista, juba. 

1T (honey-comb), favi (pi.). 

To Comb, pectere. — the hair, capillos, co- 




mas pectere (not comere, i. e. to dress the 
hair). IT (card), pectere, carminare. 

COMBAT, v. pugnare ; certare ; conten- 
dere (e. g. armis, prcelio, acie); decer- 
nere (e.g. armis, acie) ; dimicare (e. g. 
prcelio, acie) ; digladiari (fight a deadly 
fight with weapons) ; all with cum aliquo, 
inter se, (with another, among them- 
selves) ; proeliari, prcelium or pugnam 
facere : — (with words), certare, con cer- 
tare, contendere (verbis). — To combat 
with fortune, cum adverse fortunai con- 
flictari. — To combat a thing (with words), 
pugnare contra aliquid ; aliquid oppug- 
nare, impugnare : — one's opinion, ali- 
cujus opinioni repugnare; sententiam 
alicujus impugnare: — all things, con- 
tra omnia disserere. — To combat brave- 
ly, fortiter dimicare ; fortiter resistere. 

Combat, s. pugna, certamen ; prcelium 
(battle). — Single' combat, pugna singu- 
laris ; certamen singulare. — A combat 
of gladiators, certamen gladiatorium. — 
The combat was long and sharp, din acri- 
terque pugnatum est. — The combat last- 
ed from noon to sunset, a meridie ad solis 
occasum pugnatum est. 

Combatant, pugnator (one who is fight- 
ing) ; miles, armatus, (soldier, armed 
man) ; gladiator (gladiator, in the circus, 
&C.) ; luctator (wrestler) ; pugil (boxer) ; 
venator (who fought with icild beasts). 

COMBINE, jungere, conjungere, copu- 
lare, connectere, sociare, consociare, 
miscere : v. n. jungi ; conjungi, se jun- 
gere or conjungere.— They combined their 
forces, copias junxerunt,arma conjunx- 
erunt, vires contulerunt. — Power (in 
speaking) combined with moderation, mix- 
ta modesties gravitas. — To combine with 
one, cum aliquo societatem inire, coire, 
facere ; foedere conjungi cum aliquo : 
conjurare cum aliquo (plot with one). — 
To combine together for one's destruction, 
ad aliquem opprimendum consentire. 

Combination, junctio, conjunctio, conso- 
ciatio, copulatio, colligatio. — A combi- 
nation of things, res inter se junctae, 
colligates. — Combination of misfortunes, 
concursus calamitatum. IT (con- 
nection), societas ; foedus (league). 

M (plot), consensio, conspiratio ; conju- 
ratio (conspiracy) ; societas, sodalitium : 
all mean either the connection ox the per- 
sons connected. 

COMBUSTION, deflagratio, conflagratio: 
(hubbub), tumultus, tumultuatio ; sedi- 
tio ; mot us. 

Combustible, facilis ad exardescendum. 

— Combustible materials, combustibles, 
materia facilis ad exardescendum ; res, 
quibus ignis excitari potest; res quae sunt 
ad incendia (with which to set on fire). 

COME (of persons), venire, pervenire, 
(prop, and fig.) ; advenire (come, arrive) ; 
accedere ; appropinquare (approach) ; 
redire (return) ; incidere in (light on, hit 
upon) ; devenire, deferri aliquo, (to come 
any whither unobserved or involuntarily) : 

— (of things, prop, and fig.), venire (of 
letters, Sec. ; also of time) ; ferri, afferri, 
perferri, (be brought, of wares, letters, 
news, &c.) ; appetere (approach, come on, 
of time, night, Sec.) — I come on foot, 
pedes venio, advenio ; on horseback, 
equo vehor, advehor ; by coach, by ship, 
curru, navi vehor or advehor. — To bid 
one come to him, aliquem ad se arcessere 
(send for him) ; aliquem ad se vocare, 

venire jubere, (call, order to him) 

News comes to me, nuntius mihi perffer- 
tur ; news having come, nuntio allato. — 
lam come, veni ; adsum. — There came 
some to me (to see me), aliquot me adiere. 

— To come to honors, ad honores perve- 
nire. — To come to himself, ad se redire ; 
se colligere ; animum recipere. — To 
come to nought, ad nihilum venire, redi- 
gi, recidere ; in nihilum interire, oc- 
cidere. — It comes to a thing, res venit ad 
aliquid or in aliquid ; venitur ad aliquid 
or in aliquid. — How comes it, that, &.c. 
qui factum est (fit), ut, etc. — I know 
not how it comes, fit nescio quomodo. — 
It comes by too much ease, fit ex nimio otio. 

— So came we to know, inde est cognitio 
facta. — To come to be considered of, in 
deliberationem cadere. — It has come to 
this, that, &c, res eo deducta est, ut, 
etc. — Is it come to this, that, &c. ? adeo- 
ne res rediit, ut, etc. ? — The inheritance 

came to him, hereditas ad eum pervenit, 
transiit. — To come to a knowledge of, ali- 
quid cognoscere; aliquid deprehendere ; 
ad aliquid pervenire. — Time to come, 
tempus futurum, posterum, reliquum : 
for the time to come, in posterum ; post- 
hac ; in posteritatem ; in reliquum tem- 
pus (for the remaining time). — To foresee 
coming events, animo prospicere futura, 

quas futura sunt prospicere. || To 

come about. See Come to pass, Befall. 

|| To come again (return), redire ; 

recidere (of a fever). || To come 

after, sequi. || To come at, come by, 

pervenire ad aliquid; compotem fieri 
alicujus rei, potiri aliqua re; nancisci, 
adipisci, consequi, assequi. — Hard to 

come at, aditu difHcilis. || To come 

back, reverti (turn back), redire, reducem 

esse. || To come doion, descendere 

(descend) ; decidere (fall dozen) ; corru- 
ere (fallin); delabi (glide dozon) ; deferri 
(be borne hastily down) ; de ccelo labi 
(from the sky) ; defluere (of rain) : — 
(be ruined), pessum ire, perire, interire, 

ruere. || To come forward, progre- 

di, procedere : (appear), prodire, in lu- 
ce m prod ire. || To come in, intro 

venire ; intro ire ; intro se inferre. — 

Come in with me ! sequere intro me ! 

IT (of ships and persons sailing), in por- 
tum venire or pervenire ; portum capere 
(with toil) ; — (of persons sailing), por- 
tum or in portum intrare, in portum in- 
vehi. IT (accrue), redire ; (be pro- 
duced), provenire ; (of debts), solvi. 

IT (be chosen), eligi, creari. ■ IT (be- 
gin). — As spring comes in, vere novo, 

ineunte vere. || To come in for a 

part, venire in partem alicujus rei, ha- 
bere partem in re, (have apart) ; partem 

alicujus rei sibi vindicare (claim it). 

|| To come into the house, domum inire ; 
domura or in domum introire ; limen in- 
trare. — into the door, januam intrare. — 
a place, locum inire, introire, ingredi. — 
To come into danger, in periculum or in 
discrimen venire, incidere ; periculum 
subire (of things). — into possession, in 
possessionem alicujus rei venire; here- 
ditatem adire, cernere. — Tears came 
into his eyes, lacrimas ei or ejus oculis 

obortas sunt. IT (accede to), accedere 

ad aliquid or alicui rei. — — || To come 

near. See Approach. || To come of 

(be sprung from), ortum, oriundum esse 
ab aliquo; genus deducere ab aliquo. 
IT (proceed from), provenire ab ali- 
qua re (grow from, as acorns from oaks) ; 
proficisci a re ; manare ex re ; oriri ex re. 

j| To come off, abire, discedere. 

IT (escape), elabi, evadere. — with 

life, vivum or salvnm evadere ; vivum 
exire. — with a light punishment, levi 
pceneb defungi. IT To come off con- 
queror, superare aliquem, vincere, su- 
periorem fieri, superiorem or victorem 

discedere. || To come on (advance), 

procedere, progredi ; ad aliquid succe- 

dere, accedere, appropinquare. 

IT (of time), adventare ; appetere. 

IT (make progress), procedere ; proficere, 
progressus facere : — (thrive, grow), 
crescere ; provenire (of plants and 

beasts). |j To come out, exire, egre- 

di, progredi. IT (of a book), edi (in 

lucem) ; emitti ; foras dari.. IT (be- 
come public), exire (in turbam or in vul- 
gus) ; emanare (in vulgus) ; effluere et 

ad aures hominum permanare. 

U (of teeth), excidere ; (of hair), deflu- 
ere ; (of color), fugere, decedere ; (of 

spots), tolli. IT (to issue, result), eve- 

nire, exitum habere. 1T To come out 

with (make known), palam facere, in lu- 
cem or in medium proferre. — one's 
opinion, sententiam suam promere, ex- 
promere, aperire, ostendere. — boldly, 

libere dicere or loqui. || To come 

over to a party, in alicujus partes transi- 

re. 1| To come to a person, aliquem 

convenire ; aliquem adire. — Come to 
me! hue veni ! — To come often to one, 
crebro ad aliquem venire ; aliquem fre- 
quentare. — To come to a thing (in the 
course of a speech), venire ad aliquid. — 
To come to very great age, ad summam 
senectutem pervenire. — What it will 
come to, I know not, quorsum hasc res 
evadat, nescio. (See the beginning of 
the word.) IT To come (i. e. amount) 


to. See Amount. \\ To come to pass, 

accidere, contingere, evenire. || To 

come up (from the ground), enasci, emer- 

gere supra or extra terram. 1T To 

come up with, assequi, consequi. 

|| To come upon (fall upon), opprimere 
aliquem (imprudentem, incautum, im- 
proviso) ; invadere in. See Befall. 
Come ! age ! agite ! age vero ! agedum ! 

— Come, answer ! quin respondes ! 

Come, hasten to me! amabo te, advola ! 
— Come show it! ostende vero ! — Come 
say ! dicdum ! 

Comer, qui venit, advenit, etc. ; hospes, 
(guest). — He is the last comer, ultimus 

Coming.' See Arrival. — To await one's 
coming, aliquem exspectare ; manere 
aliquem or dum quis adveniat. 

COMEDY", comoedia; fabula (any play). 

Comedian (actor who appears in comedy), 
actor comicus, comicus, comcedus ; qui 
partes ridendas agit (who plays comic 
parts) : — (any player), artifex scenicus ; 

actor scenicus, actor; histrio. 

IT (comic poet), poeta comicus, comicus 
(especially pi. comici). 

Comic, Comical, comicus (relating to 
comedy, proper to it, in opposition to tragi- 
cus) : ridiculus, ridendus, (laughable, 

Comically, cornice ; ridicule. 

COMELY, bellus, venustus, forrnosus ; 

(becoming), decens. TT (becoming, 

proper), decorus ; decens ; honestus ; in- 
genuus. — To be comely for one, decorum, 
honestum esse alicui ; aliquem decere. 

Comely, adv. venuste, belle; decenter: 
decore, honeste, ut decet. 

Comeliness, pulchritudo, species, venus- 
tas, dignitas, forma; decor, decentia. 

COMET, cometes, sidus cometes, stella 
cometes ; stella crinita. 

COMFITS, dulcia or dulciola (-orum) ; 
salgama ; bellaria. 

COMFORT, v. (enliven, refresh), recreare, 
reficere aliquem ; animum alicui facere, 
animo aliquem implere ; aliquem or 
animum alicujus confirmare (verbis); 
aliquem adjuvare (help) ; hospitio acci- 
pere, excipere, (harbor). — Comforting, 
recreans, reficiens ; suavis, dulcis. — — 
IT (console), consolari aliquem ; solatium 
alicui praebere, afferre, alicui solatio or 
solatium esse, (of things). — To comfort 
one concerning athing, consolari aliquem 
de aliqua re. — Comfort yourself, ne te 
afflictes ; es bono animo. — To comfort 
one's self, se consolari. — To go away 
comforted, asquiore animo discedere. — 
I comfort myself with this, that, &c, hoc 
solatio utor, ut, etc. — Comforting (i. e. 
consolatory), consolatorius (e. g. fitersR). 

Comfort, stibst. (aid, countenance), auxili- 
um, presidium; receptio (harboring), 
hospitium (entertainment) : — (consola- 
tion), solatium ; consolatio (the act of 
consoling) ; medicina (means of comfort). 

— Comfort hi pain, solatium doloris ; 
medicina doloris. — under ills, solatium 
malorum. — To yield no comfort, nihil 
habere consolationis. — My sorrow is 
past comfort, omnem consolationem vin- 
cit dolor. — To seek comfort in philosophy, 
medicinam petere a philosophic. — T/iis 
one comfort holds me up, hasc una con- 
solatio me sustentat. IT (enjoy- 
ment, case, &c), commoditas ; comm'oda 
vita, commoditas vitas, (comfortable 
life) ; hilaritas (cheerfulness) ; jucundi- 
tas (agreeableness). — The comforts of 
life, vitas commoda ; vitas cultus. — With 
comfort, commode, bene, beate ; tran- 
quille (quietly). — To take comfort, bene, 
commode vivere ; vitas jucunditatibus 
frui ; genio indulgere. 

Comfortable (full of consolation), solatii 
plenus ; consolatorius: (consolable), con- 

solabilis. TT (convenient, pleasant), 

commodus, bonus ; gratus, jucundus, 
suavis, (agreeable) ; hilaris (cheerful). — 
A comfortable life, vita tranquilla et bea- 
ta. — road, via expedita ; iter commo- 
dum or expeditum. — abode, domicili- 

Comfortably, commode ; bene ; 
leste ; jucunde. — To live (dwell) com- 
fortably, bene habitare. 

Comforter (consoler), consolator; Para- 
cletus (third person of the Trinity). 

Comfortless (uncomforted), sine ullo so- 




latio, solatii expers ; — {unpleasant}, in- 
jucundus ; odiosus. 

COMIC, Sec. See Comedy. 

COMMA, comma, -atis. 

COMMAND, v. (rule, govern), imperium 
tenere, imperare ; regnare ; summam 
imperii tenere or obtinere, summae rei 
or rerum, or summae imperii praeesse. 
(have the chief command) : — v. a. alicui 
imperare, imperitare ; imperio regere 
or tenere aliquem, aliquid ; dominari, 
dominationem habere :n aliquem ; prae- 
esse alicui or alicui rei. — a city, urbem 
imperio regere. — The mind command; 
the body, animus regit corpus. — Our 
passions command us, cupiditates domi 
nationem in nos habent. — To command 
the whole world, omnium terrarum domi 
num esse. — To command an army, prae 
esse exercitui, ducere exercitum. — a 
fleet, navibus et classi praeesse. — To 
command, have also (military) command 
(of a provincial governor), esse cum 
imperio. — To command in a city, urbi or 

in urbe praeesse. TT Fig. where lust 

commands, ubi libido dominatur. — To 
command one , s self, sibi imperare ; animi 
potentem esse; animum suum compri 
mere, coercere. — one's anger, iram re 
primere. — grief, dolori imperare ; do 
lorem in potestate tenere. — He cannot 
command his passion, impotens irae est. 
— To command (moderate) one's tongue, 

linguae or oratiohi moderari. TT (of 

a place, to overlook), superare locum ; 
imminere alicui loco. — The hill com- 
mands the city, collis imminet urbi. — 
The artillery of the tower commands the 
city, ex turri tela tormentis jaciuntur ad 

urbem. TT (to bid, order), jubere ; 

imperare ; praecipere; praescribere ; man- 
dare (commission) ; pronuntiare (proclaim 
by a herald) ; edicere (command by edict) ; 
sciscere (order, of the people) ; decernere 
(decree, of the senate, consul) ; sancire, 
edicto sancire, (under penalty). — He 
commanded him to give over his enter- 
prise, jussit eum incepto desistere. — 
You command me hard things, difficilia 
imperas. — To command one to appear, 
aliquem citare, evocare, arcessere, ac- 
cire. — To do as one is commanded, jus- 
sum or imperatum facere ; mandata 
efficere, conficere, perficere, exsequi, 
persequi. — To command one to furnish a 

thing, aliquid alicui imperare. IT (in 

colloquial language, to desire, wish, &c), 
jubere, praecipere ; cupere, velle. — As 
you command, ut jubes ; ut dixisti. — I will 
do as you command, faciam quae praecipis. 

Command, subst. summa rerum, imperi- 
um, summum imperium, summa impe- 
rii ; belli imperium, belli summa, (of 
a general) ; summa imperii maritimi, 
(of an admiral) ; potestas (power, espe- 
cially civil). — Under one's command, 
aliquo duce, alicujus ductu. — To have 
the command of an army, fleet, exercitui, 
navibus et classi praeesse or praeposi- 
tum esse. — To have the command of the 
other wing, alterum tenere cornu. — To 
appoint one to the command of the army, 
the fleet, aliquem exercitui, classi praefi- 
cere. — To be under the command of one, 
alicujus imperio parere, sub imperio ali- 
cujus esse; sub aliquo militare (of sol- 
diers). — To appoint one to the command, 
imperium alicui dare, tradere, ad ali- 
quem deferre ; imperio aliquem praefice- 
re. — To lay down the command, imperi- 
um deponere. — Command over the pas- 
sions, continentia (libidinum) ; tempe- 
rantia, dominatio in animi impetus ; to 

have it, cupiditatibus imperare. 

IT (order, bidding), jussus, jussum ; im- 
perium ; imperatum (the thing bidden); 
praeceptum ; praescriptum ; mandatum 
(commission); edictum ; decretum ; ple- 
biscitum ; rescriptum (rescript of an em- 
peror). — At one's command, jussu or 
auctoritate alicujus; jubente aliquo; 
jussus (particip.) ab aliquo. — Without 
one's command, injussu alicujus, ab ali- 
quo non jussus ; sua sponte ; ultro. — 
To give a command, jubere, imperare, 
pracipere, edicere aliquid ; to one, ju- 
bere aliquem aliquid facere ; imperare, 
praecipere alicui aliquid. — To execute a 
command (see above, To do as he is com- 
manded). IT (in familiar discourse, 

jussum; voluntas. — 

What are your commands ? quid vis, 
quid jubes ? — I wait your commands, ex- 
specto, quid velis. — My purse is at your 
command, mea area utere non secus ac 
tua ; — my house, tibi mea domus me 
praesente, absente patet. — To be wholly 
at one's command, se totum fingere ad 

arbitrium et nutum alicujus. 1T / 

have a thing at command, aliquid mini in 
manu (manibus) est, aliquid mini prae- 
sto est, promptum et paratum est ; ali- 
quid mini suppetit ; abundo aliqua re. 

Commander, praefectus (with genit.), prae 
positus (with dat.); qui praeest, praeposi 
tus est, (with dat.) ; dux (of an army) ; 
dux summus, imperator, (commander in 
chief of an army); prsefectus classis, dux 
praefectusque classis, (admiral). — To be 
commander (see To Command). — Com- 
mander in a war, belli dux, bello praepo 
situs. — Commander of the cavalry, ma 
gister equitum. 

Commanding, adj. augustus (reverend) ; 
conspicuus (drawing attention); admira- 
tionem sui cuivis injiciens (exciting one 
admiration); speciosus (striking in out- 
ward appearance) ; imperatorius (impos 
ing, majestic, e.g. forma). — He had a 
very commanding form, magnam habe- 
bat corporis dignitatem. 

Commandment. (See Command.) — The 
ten commandments, pracepta or leges de 
cem tabularum. 

COMMEMORATE, commemorare rem 
or de re, mentionem facere alicujus rei 
or de re, (make mention of) ; meinoriam 
alicujus rei renovare ; niemoriam alicu 
jus or alicujus rei prosequi. 

Commemoration, commemoratio, mentio, 
(mention); or by a periphrasis. — In com 
memoration of a thing, in memoriam ali 
cujus rei. 

Commemorative of a thing, in memoriam 
alicujus rei institutus. 

COMMENCE. See Begin. 

COMMEND (recommend), commendo 

IT (praise), commendo, laudo, col 

laudo, allaudo ; celebro, comprobo 
plaudo ; omnia bona de aliquo dicere i 
laude aliquem afficere ; laudem alicui 
tribuere, dare, impertire ; laudibus ali 
quern efferre or ornare. — : — IT (commit 
unto), commendo, mando ; aliquid ali 
cujus fidei committere, dare, concrede 
re, tradere. — / commend this to your 
care and trust, hoc committo et mando 
tuae fidei. — To commend one's self (or 
send one's compliments) to a person, ali- 
quem salutare or salvere jubere ; alicui 
salutem impertire or dicere; impertire 
aliquem salute. — He commends himself 
very kindly to you, plurima te salute im- 
pertit ; tibi salutem plurimam dicit. — 
Commend me to your father, meis verbis 
patrem saluta. 

Commendable, laudabilis, laude dignus, 
laudandus, praedicandus. — To be so, 
laudi esse. 

Commendably, laudabiliter. 

Commendation, commendatio : — (praise), 

laus, praedicatio. TT Commendations, 

(compliments), salus. (See Compliments.) 

IT Letter of commendation, literae 


Commendatory, commendaticius. 

COMMENSURATE, pro with the ablat. ; 
ad with ace. .- — (equal, like), par, similis. 

mentarius, commentarium ; scholion ; 
annotatio ; alicujus rei interpretatio or 

explanatio. IT (remark), animadver- 

sio ; sententia. 

To Comment o/i,libros commentari, inter- 
pretari, illustrare, enarrare, explanare, 
explicare, dilucidare. IT {make re- 
marks on), de re monere or sententiam 

Commentator, interpres. 

COMMERCE (traffic), commercium ; mer- 
catura ; negotia, negotiatio. TT (in- 
tercourse), commercium, usus, consue- 
tudo. — by letter, commercia literarum. 

— To have illicit commerce with, consues- 
co. — / have no manner of commerce with 
him, mini commercium ullius rei cum 
illo non, est. 

Commercial, ad commercium (or ad ne- 
gotia) pertinens. 

COMMINUTE, comminuere. 

COMMISERATE, misereri; miseret me 


Commiseration, misericordia (pity) ; mi- 
seratio (expression of it). 

COMMISSARY. (See Commissioner.) 

IT (of an army), qui res, quas belli 

usus poscunt, subministrat ; rei frumen- 
tariae praefectus. 

COMMISSION, &c. See under Commit. 

COMMIT (do), committo, admitto ; patro, 

perpetro. — a fault, peccare. IT To 

commitunto, trado, credo; delego, deman- 
do. — I commit her to your cure, earn tuae 
mando fidei. — / will commit this busi- 
ness to Davus, Davo isthuc dedam nego- 
tii. — To commit an office to one, mu- 
nus alicui deferre, dare, committere. — 
To commit in trust, apud aliquem depo- 
nere ; alicujus fidei concredere. — To 
commit a thing to one's discretion, arbitrio 
alicujus rem permittere. II To com- 
mit to prison, in custodiam dare. 

'RTo commit himself tv, commendo. — He 
commits himself and all his fortunes to 
you, tibi se omnesque opes committit. 

Commission (charge), mandatum, nego- 
tium. || See Commissioner. 

To Commission, or put into commission, 
aliquid alicui demandare, legare, dele- 
gare ; potestatem alicujus rei procuran- 
dae facere. 

Commissioner, curator, recuperator. — 
Commissioners, Commission, curatores, 
recuperatores • delecti ; triumviri, de- 
cemviri, etc. ; arbitri (referees). 

Commitment to prison, in custodiam tra- 

Committee, delecti, consiliumdelectorum. 

COMMIX, misceo, commisceo. 

Commixtion, Commixture, commixtio, 

COMMODIOUS, cornmodus, utilis,aptus, 
opportunus. — very, peropportunus. 

Commodiously, commode, apte, opportu- 
ne, utiliter. 

Commodiousness, Commodity (conveni- 
ency or profit), commoditas, utilitaSy 
opportunitas ; commodum, emolumen- 

tum. TT Commodities (wares), mer- 

ces (pi.); res venal es. 

COMMODORE, dux praefectusque classis, 

COMMON, communis (opposed to propri- 
us), publicus (opposed to privatus) : — 
(every where used, known,, &c, ordina- 
ry), communis, popularis, vulgaris, per- 
vulgaris, vulgatus, pervulgatus, perva- 
gatus ; usitatus ; quotidianus : — (ordi- 
nary, low, mean), popularis, vulgaris» 
plebeius, vilis : — (not sacred), profanus. 

— The more common a good thing is, the 
belter it is, bonum quo communius, eo 
melius. — It is a common saying, vulgo 
dici solet. — It is the common talk, in 
ore est omni populo. — It is grown a 
commonproverb, abiit in proverbii locum. 

— Common life, vita quotidiana. — No 
commonmind, haud mediocre ingenium. 

— This is common to all free people, hoc 
commune est liberorum populorum. — 
Consult for our common good, consule in 
medium. — Do whatshall be for the com- 
mon good, in commune consulas. — To 
make common cause with one, in eadem 
cum aliquo causa esse ; causam suam 
communicare cum aliquo; consiliajun- 
gere cum aliquo. — In common, commu- 
niter ; promiscue. — The common people, 
or commonalty, plebs ; plebeii. — The 
common herd (mob, rabble), vulgus ; mul- 
titudo (the many). — A common-place, 
communis locus, also locus : — book, 
adversaria (pi.) ; electorum commenta- 
rius or -ii, excerpta, conjectanea. — 
Common-place, adj. contritus. 6t com- 
mon proverb or saying, vetus verbum, 
tritum proverbium. — To become or grow 
common, vulgo fieri. — To lie common, 
incultum jacere. — To make common, 
divulgo, in medium proferre. — Of the 
common sort, gregarius, plebeius. — It is 
very common, pervulgatum est. — With 
common consent, communiter ; commu- 
ni suffragio or consensu, concorditer. 

Common, subst. (common pasture), ager 

Commonage (right of pasture), jus com- 

Commonalty, plebs, plebeii : multitudo 

(the many). 
Commoner, homo de plebe, plebeius. 
Commonly, vulgo, vulgariter, magna ex 

parte, fere. 
Commonness, frequeatia. 




Commons (allowance), demensum. — Short 

commons, demensum tenue. IT (a 

living at the same table), convictus. : — To 
live in commons, convivo. 

Commons, house of, senatus inferior, ple- 
bis conventus. 

Commonwealth, respublica ; — (as a form 
of government), civitas or respublica li- 
bera, also in connection respublica. — He 
is an excellent commonwealth's man both 
in peace and tear, civis tam in toga, quam 
in armis insignis. — To love the com- 
monwealth, fidem et animum singula- 
rem in rempublicam habere. — To rob 
the commonwealth, publicam pecuniam 
compilare, peculari, depeculari. 

COMMOTION, motus ; tumultus ; turba ; 
seditio. — To stir up a commotion, tu- 
multuor ; tumultus exeitare. 

COMMUNE together, aliquid cum aliquo 
communicare ; de aliqua re cum aliquo 
colloqui ; confabulari, sermones caedere. 

Communion (intercourse), conversatio, 
usus, consuetudo ; (discourse), collo- 
quium, sermo. IT See Community. 

IT (the sacrament), ccena Domini ; 

coena sacra ; eucharistia. 

COMMUNICATE (impart to), aliquid 
cum aliquo communicare ; aliquid ali- 

cui impertire. IT (give alms), tenui- 

tatem aliorum sublevare. IT (receive 

the sacrament), ad mensam sacram acce- 
dere ; sumere coenam Domini. — — IT To 
communicate with (by letter), per literas 
colloqui cum aliquo ; (by word of mouth), 
colloqui, communicare cum aliquo. 

Communicable, quod cum aliquo com- 
municari potest. 

Communicant, qui ad sacram mensam 

Communication, communicatio ; — (intel- 
ligence), nuntius ; — (discourse), colloqui- 
um, sermo, sermocinatio. — Evil com- 
munications corrupt good manners, mala 
consortia bonos mores inquinant. 

Communicative, qui facile aliquid cum 
alio eommnnicat ; affabilis ; loquax. 

COMMUNITY (commonwealth), com- 
mune ; civitas ; respublica. IT (joint 

possession), communio. 

COMMUTE (change), mutare, commu- 
tare ; permutare. 

Commutation, mutatio, commutatio. 

COMPACT (agreement), pactum, conven- 
tus, conventum ; conditiones ; foedus. 

— On or by compact, ex pacto. 

To Compact (fasten together), compingo, 
coagmento. — To be compacted (made up 
of), fio, conflor, confio. — Of which 
things it is compacted and made, quibus 
ex rebus confiatur et efneitur. — Well 
compacted, elaboratus, exactus, accura- 
tus ; aptus, pressus. 

Compact (made up of), conflatus, factus ; 
(pressed together), compactus, com- 
pressus, coarctatus ; (set in order), con- 
cinnus, nitidus, luculentus ; (strong), 
firmus, solidus. 

Compactly (closely), compresse, arete ; 
(neatly), concinne, apte, nitide, elegan- 
ter ; (strongly), firme, solide. 

Compactness, Compactedness, concin- 
nitas ; firmitas. 

Compacting, subst. compactio ; coagmen- 
tatio, constructio ; structura. 

COMPANY (assembly), conventus, ccetus, 
circulus ; (herd, gang), grex, caterva.— 
We were a great company of us, frequen- 

tes fuimus. Q. great company, frequen- 

tia. — He came to meet him with a large 
company of his own, obviam ei cum bene 
magna caterva sua. venit. — In compa- 
nies, gregatim, catervatim. IT (so- 
ciety), societas ; consuetudo. — He was 
pleasant company, latum egit comitem. 

— This is done for want of your company, 
id fit desiderio tui. — To bear or keep 
one company, comitor ; deduco ; esse 
cum aliquo ; se comitem alicui praebere 
or socium adjungere. — To frequent bad 
company, perditis hominibus multum 
uti. — To be much in company or keep 
company with, versor ; familiariter cum 
aliquo vivere. — They are much in their 
company, frequentes cum illis sunt. — To 
keep company with goodpeople, cum bonis 
versari. — To shun or not to care for compa- 
ny, fugere colloquia et ccetus hominum. 

— To break company, a sociis discedere. 

— To get company to one's self, sibi socios 
ascisere or adjungere. IT (corpora- 

tion), societas, sodalitas, collegium, 
corpus — The members thereof, socii. — 
To take one in to be a member of a compa- 
ny, in collegium aliquem cooptare. 

IT To go into company with one, con- 
jungere se cum aliquo in negotio ; so- 
cietatem inire, facere cum aliquo. — 

Sosius and company, Sosius et socii. 

IT A company of actors, grex. IT A 

company of soldiers, centuria (of foot). — 
of horse, equitum turma. — To divide 
into companies, centuriare ; in turmas 
dividere. — By companies, centuriatim. 

Companion, comes ; socius, socia ; soda- 
lis, amicus ; aequalis. — at play, collu- 
sor. — at school, condiscipulus. — in office, 
collega. — A boon companion, comissa- 
tor, homo vitaj solutions. — merry, 
congerro (gossip) ; homo festivus, face- 
tus, lepidus. — A pot-companion, compo- 
tor, compotrix, combibo. — A companion 
in arms, commilito. — in service, conser- 

vus, conserva. IT (partaker), consors, 


Companionable, socialis ; sociabilis ; fa- 

Companionship, sodalitium, sodalitas. 

COMPARE, aliquid alicui rei or cum ali- 
qua re comparare, conferre, compo- 
nere. — He is not to be compared with 

him, comparandus illi non est. 

IT (make equal), aequo, adaequo, aequipa- 
ro. — Nobody was to compare with Hanni- 
bal, Hannibali nemo par fuit. 

Comparable, comparabilis, comparandus, 

Comparative may be expressed by si res 
inter se comparemus, conferamus. — — 
IT The comparative degree, gradus com- 

Comparatively, comparate. 

Comparison, comparatio, collatio, con- 
tentio. — To allow comparison, compa- 
rationern habere. — To come into com- 
parison with each other, in contentions 

judicium vocari. <i lame comparison, 

iniqua comparatio. — In comparison of, 
prae, ad ; (when it governs a case; when 
it does not) prae quam or prae ut. — 
You are happy in comparison of us, pras 
nobis beatus es. — Without comparison, 

sine controversial. IT (in rhetoric), 

similitudo, simile. 

COMPARTMENT, loculus : area; aba- 
cus ; lacunar. 

COMPASS (circuit), circuitus, ambitus. — 
A compass or space, complexus. — A 
compass of words (a period), verborum 

complexio. 1T A mariner's compass, 

pyxis nautica, index nauticus, acus 
magnetica nautarum. IT A com- 
pass or pair of compasses, circinus. — 
To open them, circinum divaricare. 
TT Compass (limits), fines, termi- 
ni ; modus. — It is above the compass 
of art, artem superat. — To draw into a 
narrow compass, contraho. — To keep 
within compass, modum tenere. — That 
I may speak within compass, ne quid ex- 

aggerem. 1T (going about), ambitus, 

circuitus. — of words, ambages. 

To Compass (fetch a compass about) , ambio, 

circumeo. IT To compass (attain), 

assequor, consequor. — He will easily be 
able to compass that, id facile consequi 
poterit. — To compass a business or 
bring it to a conclusion, negotium con- 
ficere or ad exitum perducere. — To 
compass by force, aliquid ab aliquo ex- 
torquere. — by entreaty, exoro, exoran- 
do aliquid impetrare. — To compass one's 
ends, votorum potiri or compotem fieri. 

IT To compass round about, amplec- 

tor, complector. — To compass (go about 
to take a view of), lustro, perlustro. — 
To compass with a rampart, obvallo, cir- 
cumvallo. — with a hedge, circumsepio. 

IT (plan, go about to do), aliquid 

agere, agitare ; aliquid parare, moliri. 

Compassing, subst. (surrounding), ambi- 
tus, circuitus ; circuitio : (view), lustra- 
tio : (attaining), impetratio (by entreaty). 

COMPASSION, misericordia (in feeling), 
miseratio (in expression) ; dementia. — 
To take compassion of, misereor. — Take 
compassion of me now a poor man, inopis 
te nunc miserescat mei. — To move 
one's compassion, alicujus misericordiam 
movere, alicui misericordiam concitare 
or commovere. — So as to move it, mise- 
rabiliter. — Deserving or worthy of com- 

passion, miserabilis, miserandus. — One 
without compassion, immisericors, ferus, 

To Compassionate, misereri ; miseret 
me alicujus; miserari (express pity for) . 

Compassionate, misericors, ad misericor- 
diam propensus ; misericordiae plenus. 

Compassionately, misericordi animo. 

COMPATIBLE, conveniens, consenta- 
neus alicui rei. — These two things are 
compatible, haec duo simul esse, consis- 
ted, inter se conciliari possum. — A lie 
is not compatible with the character of a 
good man, non cadit in bonum virum 
mentiri. — Not compatible, res qua? inter 
se repugnant or conciliari non possunt. 

Compatibility, convenientia. 

COMPATRIOT, popularis, civis. 

COMPEER, comes, aequalis, eompar. 

COMPEL, cogere. — a man to a thing, 
aliquem cogere ad aliquid, or with the 
infin., or the subj. and ut ; aliquem adi- 
gere, subigere ad aliquid or ut and subj. ; 
alicui necessitatem imponere, injicere 
aliquid faciendi. II See Compulsion. 

COMPENDIOUS (brief), brevis, in an- 
gustum coactus. 

Compendiously, breviter, summatim, 
astricte. — To speak compendiously, con- 
ferre verba in compendium ; brevi com- 

Compendiousness, brevitas. 

Compendium, summarium ; epitome ; bre- 

COMPENSATE, rem re or cum re pen- 
sare, compensare. 

Compensation, compensatio. || See 

Hire, Pay. 

COMPETENT, idoneus (fit, meet); satis 
(with genit., enough of) ; mod icus (mode- 
rate) ; congruens, conveniens, (suita- 
ble) ; — (authorized), legitimus, Justus, 
idoneus. — A competent judge, judex 
legitimus, idoneus. — scholar, satis 
doctus or eruditus. 

Competence, Competency, opes or fa- 
cultates modicae ; quod satis est : (abili- 
ty), facultas : (aM(Aon'ft/),jus,auctoritas : 
(agreement), convenientia. 

COMPETITION, by a periphrasis of com- 
petere, una petere : also multorum pe-, 
titio : aemulatio ; contentio. — To come 
in competition with, cum aliquo conferri, 
comparari,componi. — To put in competi- 
tion with, rem aliquam cum altera compa- 
rare. — To stand in competition with, 
eandem rem cum altero desiderare or 

Competitor, competitor ; rivalis (in love) ; 

COMPILE, ex aliorum scriptis librum 

Compilation, collectio scriptorum alieno- 
rum (the act) ; ex aliorum scriptis col- 
lecta (the thing). 

Compiler, qui ex aliorum scriptis librum 

voluptas, delectatio, oblectatio, (pleas- 
ure, delight) ; animi tranquillitas (calm- 
ness) ; amor sui (self-love). — To regard 
one's self with complacency, sibi placere. 

COMPLAIN, queror, conqueror; e.xpos.- 
tulo. — He complained to the people, apud 
populum questus est. — He complained 
of his hard fortune, conquestus est fortu- 
nam adversam. — He complained to me 
with tears in his eyes, lacrimans me- 
cum questus est. — To complain of or 
against, accuso, incuso, criminor, pos- 
tulo ; defero. — You shall have no occa- 
sion hereafter to complain of my neglect in 
writing, non committam posthac, ut me 
accusare de epistolarum negligentia 
possis. — / will complain of you to the 
prcetor, deferam nomen tuum ad prreto- 
rem. — To complain greatly, queritor, 
clamito.— To complain or lament griev- 
ously, lamentor, ploro; querelas effun- 
dere. — To complain softly, musso. — 
Given to complaining, querulus. 

Complainant (plaintiff), actor; accusa- 
tor, petitor. 

Complaint, querela, querimonia ; ques- 
tus : (lamentation), planctus, gemitus ; 
lamentatio. — To lay a complaint be- 
fore the king, querelam regi deferre. 

IT A complaint against one (for a wrong), 
delatio nominis ; actio; accusatio ; pe- 
titio, postulatio. — A bill of complairt, 

libellus. IT (disease' 1 , morbus. 





COMPLAISANT, commodus, facili3, co- 
mis, benignus, humanus, officiosus. 

Complaisance, mores commodi, faciles ; 
facilitas, comitas ; humanitas ; ofHci- 
um ; obsequium. 

COMPLEMENT (full number), numerus 
integer, plenus, Justus. 

COMPLETE, solidus, integer, plenus, 
totus ; Justus ; perfectus, consummatus, 
(omnibus numeris) absolutus. 

To Complete (^Z zip), suppleo, compleo, 
expleo : (perfect, accomplish), absolvo, 
conficio, perficio, consummo; ad finem 

Completely, plane, omnino, prorsus, (al- 
together) ; plene, integre, perfecte, abso- 
lute; also by the adj. totus, etc. 

Completeness, integritas ; absolutio, per- 

Completion, confectio; finis, exitus. 

COMPLEX, multiplex, complicates; dif- 
ficilis, impeditus. 

Complexly, conjuncte, conjunctim. 

COMPLEXION (constitution of the body), 
corporis habitus or constitutio ; (color 
of the face), oris color; (color generally), 
color. — Fine complexion, eximius or de- 
corus color, —pale, pallidus oris color. 
— lively, vegetus oris color. 

COMPLIANCE. See Comply. 

COMPLICATED, multiplex; complica- 
tus, difficilis, impeditus. 

Complication, implicatio ; congeries. 

COMPLIMENT (salutation), salutatio ; 
salus. — To pay one's compliments, ali- 
quem salutare, salutem alicui dicere. — 
Make my compliments to Dionysius, Dio- 

nysium jube salvere. IT (courteous 

speech), verborum honos, verba honori- 
fica ; laus (flattering praise) ; blanda 
vanitas, also verba, (mere words of 
courtesy). — # speech full of compliments, 
oratlo blanda. — His talk is all compli- 
ments, ejus sermones meri sunt hono- 
res. — Without compliments, citra hono- 
rem verborum ; sine fuco et fallaciis. 

To Compliment, honorificis verbis ali- 
quem prosequi. — one upon his return, 
gratulari adventum alicui. — upon his 
arrangements, laudare alicujus instituta. 

Complimentary, blandus ; honorificus. 

COMPLINE, preces vespertinae. 

COMPLOT, consensio, conspiratio, con- 
juratio, coitio ; machinatio. 

To Complot, consensiones or coitionem 
facere, conspirare : against, in aliquem 
conspirare, contra aliquem conjurare. 

COMPLY, alicui obsequi, morigerari, 
morem gerere, obtemperare ; imperatum 
facere; veniam dare (give leave). — 
with one's prayers, precibus alicujus in- 

Compliance, obsequentia, obsequium ; 
indulgentia. — In compliance with, ex, 

COMPONENT parts, res ex quibus con- 
flatur et efficitur aliquid. 

COMPORT, morigeror, alterius obsequi 
studiis, ad alterius arbitrium se fingere 
et accommodare ; (behave), se gerere ; 
(agree, suit), convenio, accommodatum 
dr aptum esse. 

Comportment, modus se gerendi, mores. 

COMPOSE, compono, texo, contexo, con- 
do ; (as printers), typos componere ; 
(music), modos musicos componere. — 
To compose a poem, carmen condere, 

componere. IT (make up), efficio ; 

expleo. — To be composed of, constare 
ex aliqua re. IT (settle, adjust), com- 
pono. IT (calm), sedo, placo, paco ; 

lenio. — To compose one's self to sleep, 
se somno dare. 

Composed, tranquillus, placidus, sedatus; 

Composedly, tranquillo or aequo animo. 

Composer (writer), scriptor ; (of songs), 
modos musicos faciendi peritus. 

Composite, compositus. 

Composition, compositio ; (agreement), 
pactum, compactum ; (adjustment), com- 
positio. IT (a compound), composi- 
tio ; mixtura ; aes mixtum IT (piece 

of music), musica, quam vocant com- 
positio. IT (writing), scriptura ; 

(piece of writing), scriptum. 

Compositor, typotheta. 

Compost for manuring land, laetamen ; 
stercus, fimus. 

Composure, animi tranquillitas ; aequus 
animus; quies. 

COMPOUND (combine), compono; com 

misceo words, verba duplicare ; with 

prepositions, voces praepositionibus sub 

jungere. IT (adjust, settle ; bargain) 

compono, cum aliquo de re aliqua pa 
cisci or transigere ; (buy off), redimo. — 
a difference, litem componere, dirimere 
decidere. — To compound with one's credi- 
tors, cum creditoribus pacisci. 

Compound, adj. — words, verba copulata. 
juncta, composita, voces composite. 

Compound, subst. (mixture), compositio, 
mixtura ; (jumble), farrago. 

COMPREHEND, comprehendo, complec- 
tor, contineo. — in mind, mente capere, 
concipere, percipere ; animo complecti 
or tenere. — much in a few words, per- 
stringo, paucis complecti. — To compre- 
hend or conceive, rem tenere or intellectu 
consequi. — Not to be comprehended, in- 

Comprehensible, comprehensibilis ; faci- 
lis ad intelligendum, accommodatus ad 
intelligentiam; planus, perspicuus. 

Comprehensibly, plane, perspicue. 

Comprehension, comprehensio ; intelli- 

Comprehensive, capax; multiplex; late 
patens. —A comprehensive memory, mag- 
na memoria. — precept, praeceptum late 

COMPRESS, comprimo ; in angustum co- 

Compress (in surgery), penicillus. 

Compressed, pressus, astrictus. 

Compressible, quod comprimi potest. 

Compression, compressio. 

COMPRISE, comprehendo, contineo, 
complector. — Under fear are comprised 
backwardness, &c, sub metum subjecta 
sunt pigritia, etc. 

COMPROMISE, compromitto; arbitris 
rem permittere, compromissum de ali- 
qua re facere, arbitrum or arbitros su- 
mere. — He by whom a controversy is 
compromised, arbiter, litis diremptor. 

IT To compromise his honor, lasdere 

famam suam ; turpiter se dare. 

Compromise, subst. compromissum. 

COMPULSION, vis. —To use it, vim ad- 
hibere. — By compulsion, coactus ; per 
vim, vi. 

Compulsory means, vis. 

COMPUNCTION, conscientiae angor. — 
To fed it, angore conscientiae et solli- 
citudine agitari or vexari ; conscientia 
(peccatorum) morderi. 

COMPUTE, computo, numero; duco. 

Computable, computabilis. 

Computation, computatio ; asstimatio ; 

Computer, Computist, computandi peri- 
tus. . 

COMRADE (chamber-mate), contuberna- 
lis; (companion), sodalis, socius ; (in 
arms), commilito. 

CON (get without book), memoriae man- 
dare ;"ediscere. 

CONCATENATED, nexus, connexus, 

Concatenation, series. 

CONCAVE, concavus. 

CONCEAL, abdo, recondo, occulo, occul- 
to ; obscuro (obscure, put out of sight) ; 
abstrudo ; dissimulo (dissemble) ; tego; 
celo. — Not to conceal any thing from you, 
ne quid te celem. — To conceal one's self, 
delifescere, se abdere in occultum ; oc- 
culi, occultari. — To lie concealed, latere. 

Concealment, occultatio ; occultum (e. g. 
in occulto) ; refugium ; latebra. 

CONCEDE (grant), annuo, concede 
See Concession. 

CONCEIT (opinion), opinio, existimatio ; 
sententia: (thought), cogitatio : (jest), 
jocus, dicterium, lepidum dictum. — 
Pretty conceits, sales, facetiae. — A fan- 
tastical conceit, opinio (falsa). — Idle con- 
ceits, ineptiae, nugae. — Full of pleasant 
conceits, lepidus, facetus. — A great con- 
ceit of one's self, magna de se opinio, 
vana de se persuasio, arrogantia, super- 
bia. — Out of conceit with, improbans, re- 
jiciens. — To put out of conceit, abalieno. 

To Conceit (fancy, imagine), opinari, in 
opinione esse ; putare, existimare. 

Conceited, opinionibus inflatus, super- 
bus, arrogans, qui nimium sibi placet; 
(affected), putidus, inept us-. — To be well 
conceited of himself, plus aequo sibi tribu- 
ere, nimium sibi placere. 


Conceitedly, cum afFectatione ; arrogan- 

Conceitedness, magna de se opinio, ar- 
rogantia, superbia; (affectation), affecta- 
tio, putida elegantia. 

CONCEIVE, mente concipio, percipio ; 
complector, comprehendo ; assequor : — 
(suppose), existimo, sentio, judico, pu- 
to ; opinor. — To conceive beforehand, 
prnecipio. — Not to be conceived, incom- 
preherisus. — As I conceive, ut opinor, 
ut puto ; meo judicio, quantum ego ju- 
dico. IT To conceive (young), con- 
cipio. — — IT To conceive a displeasure 
against one, odium concipere in aliquem. 

— To conceive mischief perniciem alicui 
machinari or struere. — jealousy, alicui 
invidere ; zelotypum fieri. 

Conceivable, quod animo comprehendi, 
concipi, percipi potest : planus, perspi- 

Conception (notion), cogitatio, notio ; 
sensum : — (with young), conceptio ; 

CONCENTRATE, colligo, cogo; in unum 
conferre, contrahere ; ad unam rem di- 

Concentre, in unum conferri, contrahi ; 
in unum et idem, centrum vergere or 
tendere ; rebus commune centrum est. 

Concentric, quibus commune est centrum. 

CONCERN, ad aliquem pertinere, atti- 
nere, spectare, aliquem attingere. — It 
concerns me, thee, him, pertinet, spectat 
ad me, te, se ; refert or interest mea, 
tua, sua. — It concerns all, omnium in- 
terest. — It concerns me not, mihi nee 
obest, nee prodest. — As to what con- 
cerns me, quod ad me attinet — Concern- 
ed or interested in, ad quem res spectat, 
attinet. — He thinks not himself concerned 
in it, a se alienum putat. — As if I were 
not as much concerned as you, quasi isthic 
minus mea res agatur quam tua. — Your 
interests are concerned, res tua agitur; 
res ad te spectat, te attingit. — To con- 
cern himself in other people's business, ali- 
enis rebus sese immiscere. — To be con- 
cerned or engaged in an affair, re aliqua 
alligari, implicari, occupari. — To be con- 
cerned with a person, rem aliquam simul 

cum alio tractare, administrare. 

IT (trouble), sollicito ; maerorem or moles- 
tiam alicui creare, afferre. — To be con- 
cerned, trepido; ex aliqua re aegritudinem 
or molestiam suscipere ; propter aliquid 
aegritudine, molestia, sollicitudineafnci. 

— He was not concerned, nihil pensi ha- 
buit. — He was concerned at the expense, 
angebaturad impensas illius animus. 

Concern (affair, business), negotium, res. 
— Should he have so little care in so great a 
concern! tantamne rem tarn negligenter 
ageret ? — What concern is it of mine ? 

quid ad me? IT (grief), dolor, maesti- 

tia, tristitia: (care), cura, attentio; stu- 
dium : (fear), metus : (regard), reveren- 

tia, verecundia, ratio. IT Of great 

concern or concernment, magni momenti 
et ponderis. — Of small, levis or minimi 

Concerning, de ; quod attinet ad. 

CONCERT, de re aliqua cum alio delibe- 
rare, consultare : consilia cum aliquo de 
negotio conferre, commiscere, commu- 
nicare ; aliquid concoquere, moliri. ma- 

Concert, -subst. deliberation consensio; 
collusio (collusion). — By concert, com- 
pacto, ex compacto, de compacto. - — — 
IT (Of music), concentus, symphonia. — 
To give one, concentum edere. 

CONCESSION, concessio. 

CONCILIATE, concilio. 

Conciliatory, ad conciliationem perti- 
nens. . 

CONCISE, brevis, concisus, strictus, 

Concisely, breviter, strictim, paucis 
verbis ; presse. 

Conciseness, brevitas. 

CONCLAVE, conclave. IT (the assem- 
bled cardinals), patres purpurati. 

CONCLUDE, concludo, conficio, finio, 
transigo. — To conclude or gather by 
reason, aliquid ex alia re inferre, col- 
ligere. — To conclude (determine), de- 

cerno, decido. llmost concluded, or 

near a conclusion, paene confectus. — To 
conclude (resolve with himself), statuo. — 
The matter is concluded upon, constitu- 




turn est, certum est. — To conclude 
(make short), denique, quid .superest, 
nisi ut, etc. ? quid multa ? — Concluded 
(despatched), transactus, confectus ; (end- 
ed), absolutus, ad finem perductus ; (de- 
cided), decisus, determinatus. —Conclud- 
ed in few words, breviter comprehensus. 

Conclusion, conclusio ; finis, exitus ; 
summa (amount) : — consilium, senten- 
tia, judicium: — (inference), consecu- 
tio, consequentia, connexum, corolla- 
rium. — To draw a conclusion from, 
aliquid ex aliqua re inferre, deducere ; 
ex aliqua re dogma eruere. — A deceit- 
ful conclusion, falsa ratiocinatio. — In 
conclusion, denique, postremo, in sum- 
ma, ad summam. || See Close, subst. 

Conclusive (decisive), decretorius, quod 
habet or facit momentum; ultimus (last): 

— (convincing), gravis, firmus, idoneus. 
Conclusively, definite. 
CONCOCT, concoquo, conficio. 
Concoction, concoctio. 
CONCOMITANT, junctus, conjunctus 

cum aliqua re. — circumstances, ad- 

CONCORD, concordia, unanimitas ; vo- 
luntatum, studiorum, sententiarum 
consensio ; (in grammar), convenien- 
tia ; (in music), concentus. — To be at 
concord, concordo, consentio. — In con- 
cord, concorditer. 

Concordant, concors, concordia conjunc- 
tus ; consentiens. 

Concordance, concordia, consensus. 

IT (of the Bible), index biblicus. 

CONCORPORATE, commisceo ; concor- 

CONCOURSE, concursus, accursus ; cce- 
tus ; frequentia. — The city never had 
before so great a concourse of all sorts of 
people, nunquam antehac civitas tanta 
celebritate omnis generis hominum flo- 
ruit. — There was a great concourse to 
extinguish the fire, concurritur undique 
ad incendium exstinguendum. 

CONCRETE, concretus. — idea, notio 
concreta ; notio rei singularis. 

Concretely, re. 

CONCRETION, concretio, concretus. 

CONCUBINE, concubina ; arnica, amicu- 
la, (mistress) ; pel lex (of a rnarriedman) ; 
contubernalis (of a slave). 

Concubinage, concubinatus. 

CONCUPISCENT, libidine accensus ; 

Concupiscence, libido, libidines ; impe- 
tus libidinum, veneris cupiditates. 

CONCUR, convenio, inter se congruere ; 
convenire in unum locum. — To con- 
cur with one (in action), una agere cum 
aliquo ; (in opinion), consentio, idem 
sentire cum aliquo. — To concur with 
(be joined with), junctum, conjunctum 
esse. — Concur (join) with me, mecum 
conspirate. — This was concurred in, 
hoc convenit. — To concur (happen to- 
gether), concurrere. 

Concurrent, consentiens, conspirans, in 
unum locum or in idem tempus con 

Concurrence, assensus, consensus, con- 
sensio ; concursus ; auxilium. 

CONCUSSION, quassatio, conquassatio 
(the act); motus ; ictus. 

CONDEMN, damno, condemno. — to 
death, aliquem capite or capitis damna 
re or condemnare, morti addicere. — h 
pay the costs, damnare in expensas. — 
To be condemned, damnor, condemnor; 
(cast.inasuit),\ite cadere, litem perdere. 

— To condemn beforehand, prsedamno 
IT (blame), culpo, reprehendo ; (dis- 
like), improbo, damno. 

Condemnable, daninandus, condemnan 
dus : reprehendendus, reprehensione 
dignus; vitiosus ; malus. 

Condemnation, damnatio, condemnatio. 

— Sentence of condemnation, judicium 
damnatorium ; to pronounce it, aliquem 

CONDENSE (make thick), denso, conden- 
so ; cOarcto, comprimo. — Condensed, 
densatus, condensatus ; pressus, com- 

Condensation, densatio. 

Condensity, densitas. 

CONDESCEND, se demittere. — to ask 

a favor, descendere ad preces. 

IT (yield), concedo ; alicui or alicujus 
voluntati obsequi; alicui morigerari, 

morem gerere; (vouchsafe), dignor. — 
Condescended unto, cui concessum est. 

Condescension, obsequium, indulgentia ; 
sui demissio. 

Condescending, obsequens, indulgens, 
commodus, se demittens. 

Condescendingly, benigne, comiter, hu- 

CONDIGN, debitus, meritus. 

Condi gnly, meritissimo. 

CONDITION (state), conditio, fortuna, 
sors, status. — Were you in my condition, 
tu si hie esses. — If I had been content 
with my own condition, si in propria pelle 
quiesgem. — I am in a bad condition (of 
health), male me habeo. — While things 
were in a good condition, re integra. — 
The business is in a good condition, res 
bene se habet. U (covenant), con- 
ditio, lex, pactum. — They were born 
with this condition, hac lege generati sunt. 
— A condition of making over an estate, 
lex mancipii. IT (rank), ordo, locus. 

Conditioned, moratus ; constitutus. — 
Well conditioned (of a man), bene mora- 
tus. — III conditioned, difficilis, morosus. 

Conditional, conditioni subjectus, con- 
ditionalis ; cum exceptione or adjunc- 
tione. — proposal, conditio. 

Conditionally, cum exceptione or ad- 
junctione, conjuncte. 

CONDOLE, miserari, commiserari ali- 
quem or aliquid (e. g. casum alicujus) ; 
coram suum dolorem alicui declarare. 

Condolence, miseratio, commiseratio. 

CONDOR (the bird), vultur gryphus, L. 

CONDUCE, conducere ; prodesse ; usui 
sse ; salutarem esse. 

Conducible, utilis, aptus, accommoda- 
tus; conducibilis. 

Conduciveness, utilitas. 

CONDUCT (lead, bring), duco, deduco ; 

(manage), tracto, administro. 1T To 

conduct one's self, se gerere. — like a man, 
virum se prtebere. 

Conduct (guidance, lead), ductus, auspi- 
cium. — He follows nature's conduct, 
naturam ducem sequitur. — Safe con- 
duct, fides publica. IT (behavior), mo- 
dus se gerendi ; mores, vita, vivendi ra- 
tio. 1T (management), administrate. 

Conductor, dux itineris-or vis : (in a 
machine), conductor. 

CONDUIT, canalis. 

CONE, conus. 

Conical, conosimilis ; conicus ; conoldes. 

CONFABULATE, confabulor ; sermo- 
nes serere or caedere. 

Confabulation, sermo, colloquium. 

CONFECT (preserve), condio. 

Confection, compositio, mixtura. 

IT Confections (sweetmeats), bellaria, dul- 
ciola, (plur.). 

Confectionary, merces cupediarum. 

Confectioner, (pistor) dulciarius, rerum 
conditarum venditor, cupedinarius. 

CONFEDERATE, v. societatem cum 
aliquo facere, inire, coire ; fcedere se 
jungere, conjungere cum aliquo. — 
against a person, contra aliquem con- 
jurare, in aliquem conspirare. 

Confederate (confederated), fcederatus, 
sociatus, fcedere conjunctus. 

Confederate, subst. socius. — Confede- 
rates, socii, foederati. 

Confederacy (allia.nce), fcedus, societas ; 
concilium. IT (combination or con- 
spiracy), conjuratio, conspiratio. 

CONFER (bestow), do, confero, tribuo, at- 
tribuo, largior, dono. — honors liberally on 
a man, effundere houores in aliquem. — 
This thing confers honor on you, Iukc res 

tibi honori est. 1T (compare), unam 

rem alteri or cum altera conferre, com- 

parare, componere. TT (converse). — 

together, commercium inter se habere ; 
conferre. — with, colloquor, aliquid cum 
aliquo communicare, deliberare, con- 
sultare ; sermonem conferre cum ali- 
quo; consilia conferre or commiscere. 

Conference, sermo, colloquium, collo- 
cutio ; congressus ; consultatio, delibe- 
ratio ; consilia arcana ; disputatio. 

Conferring, s. collatio, donatio, largitio. 

CONFESS, fateor ; confiteor (when driv- 
en) ; profiteor (freely), so also prae me 
fero ; concedo (grant, allow) ; agnosco 
(acknowledge). — To confess a crime, de- 
lictum or de delicto confiteri. 1T To 

confess Christ, Christum sequi, doctri- 

nam Christianam profiteri. 1T To 


confess one's self to a priest, sacerdoti 

peccata sua confiteri. IT To confess 

one, as a priest (hear one's confession), 
alicui confitenti operam dare. 
Confessed, Confest, adj. evidens, mani- 
fests, apertus, confessus ; in confesso 
Confessedly, ex confesso. 
Confession, confessio ; confessio pecca- 
torum (of sins) ; mysterium sacrum con- 
fessionis peccatorum. — To bring to 
confession, aliquem adducere ad con- 
fessionem rei (gently) ; extorquere ab 
aliquo ut peccatiim suum fateatur. 
Confessional, sella audiendis confessio- 

Confessor, qui Christum sequitur: — 
(priest), sacerdos a confessionibus ; qui 
animum alicujus regit et moderatur. 
CONFIDE, fido, confido alicui or alicui 
rei, fretus sum re or nomine ; (intrust), 
credo, committo. 
Confidence (trust), fiducia, fides; spes 
certa, firma ; familiaritas. — hi one's 
self, fiducia sui ; fidentia (assurance). — 
From confidence in me, fiducia mea. — 
To put confidence in, alicui fidem ha- 
bere, alicui fidere, confidere, credere. — 
Tyrants can put no confidence in any per- 
son, in tyrannoruin vita, nulla benevo- 
lentiae fiducia esse potest. — To have a 
share in a person's confidence, versari in 
alicujus familiaritate. — To say in con- 
fidence, alicui aliquid secreto dicere. — 
This in confidence ! hoc tibi soli dictum 
puta. — To put no confidence in, alicui 
diffidere. — Having confidence in, fretus, 

confisus, nixus. TT (boldness), con- 

fidentia, fidentia, audacia. 
Confident, confidens, audax, certus. — 
Toq confident in one's self, sibi ipsi nimi- 
um fidens. — lam confident of it] id 
mihi persuasum habeo. 
Confident, Confidant, subst. familiaris, 
intimus ; consiliorum particeps, socius ; 
conscius ; interpres (go-between) ; cui 
prsecipue fides habetur ; amicus certus. 
— He is a chief confident of theirs, eorum 
intimus est consiliis. 
Confidently (trustingly), cum fiducia : — 
(boldly), confidenter, audacter, asseve- 
ranter, fidenter. — To affirm confidently, 
pro certo affirmare. 
Confidential, familiaris. 
Confidentially, familiariter, intime. 
CONFIGURATION, conformatio, figura, 
forma ; of stars, siderum or astrorum 
affectio ; constellatio. 
CONFINE (keep in), coe'rceo, cohibeo; 
reprimo ; cancellos alicui circumdare.— 
To confine in prison, aliquem in carcere 
includere or detinere ; aliquem in vin- 
culis habere. — To confine one's desires, 
aviduin domare spiritum ; animi im- 
petuni or cupiditates reprimere, cohi- 
bere or refrenare. — To be confined by 
sickness, morbo detineri. — by business, 
negotiis distineri or implicari. — To be 
confined to one room, unum tantum cubi- 

culum habere. IT To confine (banish 

to a certain, place), relego. 
Confines, confinia. 

Confinement (restraining), coercitio, co- 
hibitio ; (in prison), in carcere detentio; 
(by business), occupatio. 
CONFIRM (strengthen), confirmo, firmo, 
stabilio: (ratify), aliquid approbare, af- 
firmare, comprobare ; ratum facere or 
efficere, ratum esse jubere ; sancire. 
Confirmation, confirmatio ; auctoritas ; 

CONFISCATE, in publicum addicere, 
proscribere, publicare, (to the public) ; 
confiscare, in fiscum principis (regis) 
redigere, fisco addicere, (to the king, 
&c.) — The buying of confiscated goods, 
sectio ; the buyer thereof, sector. 
Confiscation, jmblicatio, confiscatio. 
CONFLAGRATION, deflagratio ; incen- 
CONFLICT, conftigo, certo, concerto, 
decerto, dimico, prcelior; manum, cer- 
tamen conserere ; fig. pugnare inter se, 
repagnare alicui rei. 
Conflict (contest), contentio, concertatio ; 
controversia : (fight), certa men ; pugna, 

projlium. 2 sharp conflict, certamen 

or prcelium acre. 1T (inconsistency, 

clashing), pugna, repugnantia. 
Conflicting (clashing), inter se pugnan- 
tes ; discors. 




CONFLUENCE (resort of people), fre- 
quentia, coetus, concursus ; celebritas : 
(meeting of rivers), confluens. 

CONFORM (make agreeable to), conformo, 
accommodo. — I desire to conform my 
inclinations wholly to yours, volo me ad 
tuam penitus voluntatem conformare.— 
To conform to the established church, se 
ecclesiae lege stability conformare. — to 
another's will, morigeror, alicui morem 
gerere, ad voluntatem alterius se con- 
formare ; ad nutum et arbitrium alicu- 
jus se fingere. 

Conformable, consentaneus, congruens, 

Conformably, congruenter, convenien- 
ter; ad, e (ex), secundum. 

Conformist, qui se ecclesiae lege stabili- 
ty conformat. 

Conformity, congruentia, convenientia. 
— Conformity of opinions, opinionum 
consensio or consensus. — Conformity to 
the will of God, voluntatis suee cum di- 
vina consensio. 

CONFOUND (mix together), confundo, 
permisceo, commisceo ; (put out of or- 
der), confundo, conturbo, perturbo. — 
To confound by arguments, argumentis 
aliquemvincere or evincere ; confutare, 

refutare. TF (put out of countenance) , 

alicui pudorem incutere or ruborem 
elicere ; pudore aliquem percellere ; 

aliquem purturbare. if (destroy), 

pessum dare, perdere, evertere ; per- 
vertere, funditus tollere, delere. 

Confounding, confusio, conturbatio. 


CONFRONT (set one against the other), 
compono ; res inter se contendere. — 
Being confronted with her accuser, cum 

indice composita, Tacit. IT (face), 

exadversus aliquem stare, contra aliquid 
esse or positum esse ; exadversus ali- 
quem pugaare. 

Confrontation, compositio. 

CONFUSE, misceo, permisceo, confundo, 
implico; turbo, conturbo, perturbo, (the 
last two, also to put out of countenance). 

Confused, turbatus, conturbatus, pertur- 
batus ; confusus ; inconditus (chaotic) ; 
impeditus (knotty, entangled); perplexus 
(perplexed, obscure). — A confused flight, 
effusa fuga. — A confused heap, rudis in- 
digestaque moles ; ca?cus acervus, far- 
rago. — A confused cry, clamor incondi- 
tus. 1 confused piece of work, negotium 

turbulentuin 5 res turbata. 

Confusedly, confuse, perturbate, mixte, 
promiscue, sparsim, incondite. — To 
speak confusedly, confuse, perplexe lo- 

Confusion (disorder), confusio, perturba- 
tio, implicatio, turba, tumultus, trepi- 
datio. — There is a general confusion, 
omnibus locis trepidatur. — Confusion 
of mind, perturbatio. — To throw all into 
confusion, omnia miscere et turbare. 

IT (destruction), pernicies, labes. 

IT (shame), pudor. 

CONFUTE, confuto, refuto ; refello, con- 
vello, redarguo, coarguo ; convinco. — 
an argument, argumentum infirmare, 
enervare, refellere, convellere. — a 
slander, criminationem repellere, dilu- 

Confutation, confutatio, refutatio. 

CONGEAL, v. a. glacio, congelo: v. n. 
conglacio or -or, congelor, concresco, 
geln consistere, duresco. 

Congelation, congelatio. 

CONGENIAL (suitable), congruens, con- 
veniens, consentaneus, aptus, accom- 
modatus : (kindred), propinquus, finiti- 
mus, vicinus, ejusdem generis, eodem 
genere : (agreeing), unanimus, concors. 

CONGER, conger; muraena conger (L.). 

CONGERIES, congeries. 

CONGRATULATE, gratulari alicui rem 
or de re ; aliquem (or se) felicem dicere, 
beatum praedicare. 

Congratulation, gratulatio ; congratula- 
tio (by several) ; laetitia, gaudium. — To 
exchange congratulations, mutua gratula- 
tione fungi. — With congratulation, gratu- 
lans, gratulabundus. 

Congratulatory. — letter, epistola gratu- 
latoria, also gratulatio. 

CONGREGATE (gather together), con- 
grego : — v. n. se congregare, congre- 
gor, coe'o, convenio, confluo. 

Congregation, congregatio ; coetus, con- 

cio. — for worship, coetus sacer, publica 
Christianorum concio. 

CONGRESS, conventus; concilium. — 
To hold one, conventum agere ; in ali- 
quem locum convenire. IT (the mem- 
bers of it), apocleti; legati. U (of 

the U. S.), senatus Americanus. 


CONJECTURE, subst. conjectura; opi 
nio, opinatio ; divinatio; suspicio. 

To Conjecture, conjicio, conjecto, con- 
jecturam facere, conjectura prospicio 
or provideo or auguror ; conjectura con 
sequi ; opinione preecipere, opinor ; sus 
picor. — from a thing, ex aliqua re 

conjecturam facere de re. is far as 

1 can conjecture, quantum ego conjectura 
assequor or augurari possum ; quantum 
equidem judicare possum ; mea opinio- 
ne j ut mea fert opinio. 

Conjectural, opinabilis ; quod conjec- 
tura continetur or conjectura nititur, 
conjecturalis, in conjectura positus. 

Conjecturally, conjectura ; quantum 
conjectare licet. 

CONJOIN, conjungo ; connecto. 

Conjointly, conjuncte, conjunctim. 

CONJUGAL, maritus, maritalis, conju- 
galis, conjugialis ; connubialis (poet.). 

CONJUGATE a verb, verbum inflectere, 
inclinare, declinare. 

Conjugation, conjugatio. 

CONJUNCT, conjunctus. 

Conjunction, conjunctio, adjunctio. — 
The conjunction of the sun and moon, in- 
terlunium, coitus, luna? cum sole con- 
junctio. TT (part of speech), conjunc- 

Conjunctive, conjunctivus (Oramm.). — 
The conjunctive mood, modus conjuncti- 
vus or subjunctivus. 

Conjuncture (joining together), junctura. 

IT (0/ affairs), tempus; tempora ; 

temporum ratio ; status rerum. — He 
had regard to the conjuncture of affairs at 
that time, rationem habuit temporum 
illorum. — A favorable conjuncture, op- 
portunum tempus, opportunitas tempo- 

CONJURE (conspire) , conjuro, conspiro : — 
(adjure), oro, obsecro ; obtestor, imploro 

et obtestor. IT To conjure up, adju- 

rare ; down, excludere. — To conjure up 
the dead, infernas umbras carminibus 
elicere. — To conjure spirits, exorcizare. 

— To conjure (bewitch), fascinare ; in- 

Conjuration, obsecratio, obtestatio : (in- 
cantation, &c), fascinatio ; incanta- 
mentum ; veneficium. 

Conjurer, magus, veneficus. :TT Fig. 

he is no conjurer, cerebrum non habet. 

CONNATE, innatus, natura insitus, in- 
generatus. — Connate ideas, consignatae 
in animis notiones. 

CONNECT, jungo, conjungo, adjungo, 
colligo, copulo, connecto, committo. 

— To connect one's self with another, se 
jungere, conjungere cum aliquo ; socie- 
tatem inire, coire, facere cum aliquo. — 
in marriage, matrimonio aliquam secum 
conjungere. — To be connected with one 
(related to him), alicui propinquum esse, 
alicui or cum aliquo propinquitate con- 
junctum esse. 

Connection, conjunctio, colligatio, copu- 
latio ; societas; necessitudo, conjunctio 
affinitatis, communio sanguinis ; com- 

mercium. IT Connections (relatives), 

propinqui, genere proximi, necessarii. 

Connective, quod jungit, conjungit, etc.; 
connexivus (Oramm.). 

CONNIVE, conniveo in re; concedere, 
condonare aliquid, (e.g. aetati alicujus); 
gratiam facere alicujus rei. 

Connivance, indulgentia; venia; gratia. 

CONNUBIAL, conjugalis, connubialis 

CONQUER, vinco, subigo, expugno, de- 
bello, supero, domo, in ditionem redi- 
gere ; victoriam reportare ; vietorem 
discedere. — Not to be conquered, invic- 

tus. H conquering army, victor exer- 


Conqueror, victor, debellator, domitor, 

Conquest, victoria (victory). — To make 
great conquests, magnas terras expugna- 
re. — That I may confirm my conquests, 
ut firmem ea, qua? bello subegi. — To 
hold them, parta retinere. 

CONSANGUINITY,consanguinitas, san- 
guinis conjunctio. 

CONSCIENCE, conscientia animi or 
mentis (not conscientia alone, unless this 
meaning follows from the connection) . — 
He was silent, being convicted by his 
own conscience, conscientia victus conti- 
cuit. — Their consciences did no way re- 
proach them, sibi nullius erant conscii 
culpas. — He acted contrary to his con- 
science, a recta conscientia discessit. 
— A good or clear conscience, consci- 
entia recte factorum ; mens sibi bene 
conscia: with it (see Clear). — A bad 
conscience, conscientia peccatorum, sce- 
lerum ; mens male sibi conscia ; animus 
sibi conscius : to have it, conscientia 
morderi. — A scruple of conscience, religio; 
scrupulus. — / have a scruple of con- 
science, religio mihi est. — A large con- 
science, animus religione vacuus, Punica 
fides. — To discharge his conscience, ani- 
mum liberare or exonerare. — To be 
troubled in conscience, conscientia animi 
excruciari. — To make conscience of, ali- 
quid religioni habere, aliquid in religio- 
nem trahere. — To burden or charge his 
conscience, religione se obstringere. — 
Remorse of conscience, angor et sollicitu- 
do conscientia?. — Searedness of con- 
science, conscientia nulla religione tac- 
ta. — In all conscience, quovis judice. 

Conscientious, religiosus, sanctus, seve- 
rus, aequus, Justus, integer, a?quitatis 

Conscientiously, religiose, sancte, seve- 
re, diiigenter. 

Conscientiousness, religio, sanctitas, se- 
veritas, justitia, fides, diligentia. 

CONSCIONABLE, aequus, Justus. 

Conscionably, a?que, juste, ex aequo et 

CONSCIOUS, conscius. — To be con- 
scious of no crime, nullius sibi culpse 
conscium esse ; nihil conscire sibi. 

Consciously, sciens, scienter, prudens, 

Consciousness, conscientia; sensus : me- 

CONSCRIPT fathers, patres conscript». 

Conscription, conquisitio militum ; de- 

CONSECRATE, sacro, consecro, dico, 

Consecration, consecratio, dedicatio. 

CONSECUTIVE, sequens, consequens, 
subsequens ; continuus. — series, con- 
tinuatio ; series. 

CONSENT (assent), assentio, assentior, 
suffragor, accedo ; assensum pra?bere : 
(yield to), indulgeo, concedo, annuo, 
veniam dare. 

Consent, s. (agreement), consensus ; (as- 
sent), assensus, permissio, venia, jussus, 
auctoritas. — Against my consent, me in- 
vito. — Without my consent, me incon- 
sultb. — With one consent, concorditer, 
omnium consensu, una mente. 

Consentient, consentiens. 

Consentaneous, consentaneus, congru- 

CONSEQUENCE, consecutio, conse- 
quens ; consequentia, consectarium ; 
quod sequitur, consequitur rem; quod 
manat ex re ; exitus, eventus. — That 
is no good consequence, illud vero mini- 

me consectarium est From what has 

been advanced I draw this consequence, ex 
iis qua? dicta sunt hoc conficio. — In 
consequence of your order, te jubente, jus- 
su tuo. — The consequence was, that, 
&.C., quo factum est, ut, etc. IF (im- 
portance), momentum, pondns, gravitas, 
vis. — Of great consequence, res magni 
momenti or ponderis ; res gravis, nego- 
tium magna? utilitatis or magni emolu- 
menti. — Of little, res levis, res minimi 
ponderis or momenti. — Of no, res ni- 

Consequent, consequens. 

Consequential, ex necessaria consecu- 
tione confectus : sibi constans ; consen- 
taneus, congruens, conveniens. 

Consequently, igitur, ergo, itaque, at- 
que ita ; ideo, idcirco, propterea, pro- 

CONSERVE (keep, maintain), conservo, 
servo ; custodio ; tueor : — (preserve 
with sugar, &c), saccharo condire ; — 
conserved (as fruits), condltus. 

Conservatory, subsf. receptaculum. 




Conserves, mala conditanea, oleae con- 
ditanenB, salgama. 

CONSIDER, considero, conteniplor, spe- 
culor, specto ; animadverto, pondero, 
expendo, perpendo, video, consulo ; 
verso.; voluto, secum volvere ; rem ani- 
mo diligenter agitare, secum considera- 
re, reputare. — Consider again and again, 
etiam atque etiam or magis magfsque 
cogita. — It must be considered, viden- 
dum est. — He has considered rightly of 
it, earn secum rem recta reputavit via. 

— Let us consider the thing in itself, rem 
ipsam putemus. — Take some time to 
consider of this matter, I pray you, a te 
peto ut aiiquid impertias teinporis huic 
cogitationi. — / will consider of that at 
my leisure, istam rem in otio recogitabo. 

— / have considered of all these matters, 
meditata mini sunt hasc omnia. — To 
consider beforehand, prremeditor. — often, 
retracto, revolvo, cogito. — deeply, medi- 
tor, secum altius cogirare. — thoroughly, 
excogito. 1T {remember), in memo- 
rial habere, recolere, revolvere. 

IT (requite), remunero ; respicio ; gra- 

tiam referre ; grates rependere. 

IT {regard), rationem alicujus habere 

Not, to consider, susque deque habere; 
nihil pensi habere. 

Considering that, quando, quandoqui- 
dem, utpote. — Considering the capa- 
city of servants, ut captus est servorum. 

Considerable (great, important), mag- 
nus, grandis, amplus ; gravis, auc- 
toritate gravis; non mediocris; lucu- 
lentus ; magni or maximi momenti. — 
person, vir clarus, illustris, insignis, 
auctoritate praeditus, amplus, gravis, 
spectatus, ornatus, splendidus. — ac- 
tions, facta praeelara, egregia, illustria, 
splendida. — patrimony, luculentum pa- 

trimonium. — part, pars bona. 

IT (moderate), mediocris, modicus, non 
exiguus, satis magnus, nou contemnen- 
d ns, al iquantus (adj. ) , aliquan turn (subst. 
with genit.). — suniof money, aliquantum 

Considerably, multum, multo (e. g. with 
compar.) : aliquantum, aliquanto ; me- 
diocriter, modice ; satis ; also by compar., 
as, durior, severior. 

Considerate, consideratus, circumspec- 
tus, consultus, prudens, providens : Cle- 
mens, benignus, humanus. 

Considerately, considerate, cogitate, 
consulto ; humane, benigne, ciementer. 

— To act considerately, considerate aii- 
quid agere ; nihil temere or inconsulto 

CoNsiDERATENEss,prudentia, cautio ; hu- 
manitas, officium. 

Consideration, consideratio, contempla- 
tio, cogitatio ; cautio, circumspectio ; 
cura. — To have consideration of (take 
care of) a thing, alicui rei consnlere. — 
Without consideration, temere, inconsul- 
te ; (carelessly), negligenter. — After con- 
sideration, re perspectl atque cognita. — 
A deep consideration, meditatio, contem- 
platio. — To take a thing into considera- 
tion, aliqnid or de aliqua re cogitare ; 
aiiquid animo or in animo habere, ver- 
sare ; cum animo or secum volvere. — 
To fall under consideration, in delibera- 
tionem cadere. IT (requital), remu- 
nerate, compensatio ; (regard), ratio, 
respectus ; (measure), modus. — In. con- 
sideration of a thing, alicujus rei ratione 
habitat; alicujus rei respectu ; also by 

pro. IT Upon what consideration ? 

quo nomine ? qua de causl? quamob- 
rem? — Upon that consideration, ea 
lege, ea causa. — For many considera- 
tions, inultis nominibus, miiltis de cau- 
sis. — Consideration (motive), causa, 
consilii motus ; incitamentum ; impul- 

Considerer, contemplator ; spectator. 

CONSIGN, do, trado; defero, mando, de- 
mando, delego ; transfero ; assigno, con- 
gigno. — to writing, Uteris consignare, 
Uteris mandare. — to the flames, in flam- 
mas conjicere. 

CONSIST (be placed in or made of), in re 
aliqua consistere, ex aliqua re constare. 

— Consisting, constans ; positus. 

TT(6e consistent with), convenio, congruo, 
cohaareo. — These things do not consist 
the one with the other, hne res pugnant 
inter se. 


Consistence (lastingness), firmitas, sta- 
bilitas ; (thickness of liquid things), con- 
cretio, spissitas. 

Consistency. (See Consistence). 

IT (steadiness), constantia. 

Consistent, consonus, consentaneus, 
congruens ; constans (e. g. sibi); aequa- 
bilis, rcqualis sibi. — To be consistent 
with one's self, sibi constare ; statum 
suum tenere. 

Consistently, convenienter, congruen- 
ter ; constanter. 

CONSISTORY, senatus sacer or ecclesi- 
asticus ; synedrium. 

CONSOCIATE, consocio, societatem 
cum aliquo facere, coire, inire. 

Consociation, consociatio, conjunctio. 

CONSOLE, aliquem solari or consolari, 
alicui consolationem adhibere ; alicu- 
jus dolorem consolando levare ; alicui 

solatium dare, praebere, afTerre. 

|| See Comfort. 

Consolation, solatium, consolatio, allo- 
quium ; confirmatio ; solamen (poet.). 

Consolable, consolabilis. 

Consoler, qui consolatur. 

Consolatory, consolatorius. 

CONSOLE, subst. ancon ; parotis. 

CONSOLIDATE, solido, consolido ; fir- 
mo, stabilio ; — v. n. solidesco. 

Consolidation, solidatio ; soliditas ; con- 

CONSONANT, consentaneus, consonans. 

— To be consonant, consono, congruo. — 
To be consonant to himself, sibi constare. 

Consonant, subst. consonans (sc. litera). 

Consonantly, convenienter, congruen- 

Consonance, Consonancy, consonantia, 
congruentia ; constantia. 

CONSORT, consors. (See Companion.) 

1T (wife), conjux, uxor. — The royal 

consort, regina, conjux regis. 

To Consort with, societatem cum aliquo 
inire ; apud aliquem frequenter versari; 
socium aliquem sibi adhibere, adjun- 
gere or asciscere ; habere aliquem in 

CONSPICUOUS (easy to be seen), conspi- 
cuus, insignis ; (famous), illustris, insig- 

Conspicuously, manifesto, insigniter. 

CONSPIRE (plot), conspiro, conjuro; 
(agree together), in unum consentire. — 
All things conspire to make him happy, 
omnia ad illius felicitatem conspirant. 

— To conspire against one's life, in alicu- 
jus exitium conjurare. 

Conspiracy, conspiratio, conjuratio. 

Conspirator, conspiratus, conjuratus. 

CONSTABLE (asamilitary dignitary), cui 
permissa est summa imperii beliique 
administrandi : — (police-officer), appari- 
tor ; inquisitor. 

CONSTANT (even), certus, requabilis; 
(steadfast), constans, stabilis, firmus, 
fixus, immotus, immutahilis; (faithful), 
fidus, fidelis. — to a purpose, tenax pro- 
positi, pertinax. — in suffering, patiens. 

— against, obstinatus, contumax, perti- 
nax. IT (lasting), perpetuus, assidu- 

us. — A constant faith, fides perpetua, 

Constantly (with constancy), constanter, 
requabiliter, fortiter, pertinaciter, obsti- 
nate, perseveranter; (always, continually), 
perpetuo, continenter, semper, usque. 

Constancy (steadfastness), firmitudo, im- 
mutabilitas, constantia; (faithfulness), 
fides, fidelitas. — in suffering, patientia, 
tolerantia. — in acting, perseverantia ; 
pertinacia ; obstinatio ; pervicacia. 

CONSTELLATION, sidus, signum coe- 

CONSTERNATION, consternatio. — To 
be put into consternation, animo (animis) 
consternari. — To put into a consterna- 
tion, aliquem consternare. 

CONSTIPATE (cram close), constipo ; 
(bind the belly), alvum astringere, con- 
trahere, suppriinere. 

Constipation (cramming close), stipatio. 

IT Constipation of the bowels, alvi 

astrictio or suppressio ; alvus astricta 
or suppressa. 

CONSTITUTE, constituo ; creo, facio. 

— To be constituted of, constare ex. 
Constituent parts, elementa ; res ex 

quibus conflatur et efficitur aiiquid, res 
in quibus aiiquid continetur. 

Constituent, subst. (See the adj.) 


IT Constituents, qui aliquem alicui ne- 
gotio delegant; sometimes cives. 

Constitution, constitutio IT The con- 
stitution of the body, corporis constitutio, 
affectio. — strong, firma ; corpus bene 
constitutum. — weak, corporis or valetu- 

dinis infirmitas. IT Constitution 

(government), civitatis forma ; reipubli- 
ca? ratio or modus ; leges civitatis. 

Constitutional, ingenitus : — legibus ci- 
vitatis conveniens. 

CONSTRAIN, aliquem cogere, adigere, 
subigere ad aiiquid ; alicui necessitatem 
imponere or injicere aiiquid faciendi. — 
He constrained the people to give their 
votes, extorsit per vim surTragia populi. 
— Not constrained, non coactus, liber. 

Constraint, vis, necessitas ; (keeping in), 
coercitio. — By constraint, vi ; coactus 
(particip.) ; ingratiis. — Without con- 
straint, ultro, sua. sponte, libere. 

CONSTRUCT, struo, construo, exstruo. 

IT To construct (in gramm.), compo- 

nere ; (in geom.), describere. 

Construction (in building), constructio, 

exstructio ; structures genus. IT (in 

gramm.), verborum conformatio or com- 
positio ; constructio ; consecutio verbo- 
rum (logical sequence). IT (in geom.), 

descriptio. IT (construing), interpre- 

tatio, explicatio, expositio. — To put a 
good construction on, in bonam partem 
accipere, bene interpretari : bad, in ma- 
lam partem, etc. 

CONSTRUE (interpret), interpreter, ac- 
cipere in ; trahere in. ; IT a sentence, 

verba ita inter se conjungere, ut nostra 
loquendi consuetndo fert. 

Construction. See Construction, above. 

CONSUL, consul. — He that has been con- 
sul, vir consularis dignitatis, vir consu- 
laris, consulatu perfunctus. IT A con- 
sul fgr merchants, procurator mercaturae. 

Consulship, Consulate, consulatus. 

Consular, consularis. — man, see Consul. 

CONSULT (ask a person's advice), ali- 
quem de aliqua re consulere, aliquem 
in consilium adhibere, ab aliquo consi- 
lium petere. — an oracle, oraculum con- 
sulere ; sortes poscere. IT (delibe- 
rate), deliberare, consulere, consultare, 
consilium inire, de re. — To consult 
with one's self, secum de aliqua re con- 
sultare or deliberare ; rem animo per- 
pendere, volvere, volutare. — To consult 
with another, consilia cum aliquo com- 

municare. 1T To consult an author, 

scriptorem, auctorem consulere or adire. 
M (provide for), alicui rei consule- 
re or providere ; rem aliquam curare. 

Consultation, deliberatio ; consu^tatio ; 

CONSUME, consumo, absumo, haurio; 
edo, comedo, exedo ; devoro : (squander 
away), absumo, profundo, effundo, dis- 
sipo, dilapido, disperdo, decoquo, pro- 
digo. — He had consumed his inheritance, 
patria abligurierat bona, patrimonium 
dissipaverat. — To be consumed by fire, 
flammis absumi; incendio consuini. — 
To consume away, v. n. tabesco, conta- 
besco, extabesco, marcesco, deliquesco ; 
consumor, absumor ; pereo. — I am con- 
sumed by the sloto fires (of love), lentis 
maceror ignibus. — To consume time, 
tempus terere or conterere. 1T (di- 
minish), minuo, imminuo,detero ; (metal 
in refining), excoquo ; (spoil), Iacero, 
dilacero, spolio, vasto, populor. 

Consumer, consumptor, confector ; prodi- 
gus, profligator. — Time, the consumer 
of all things, tempus, edax rerum : —fire, 
ignis consumptor or confector omnium. 

Consuming, omnia hauriens; edax; tabi- 
ficus. — disease, tabes. 

Consumption, consumptio. IT (as a 

disease), tabes; atrophia, .-cachexia; 
phthisis ; (pulmonary), peripneumonia, 
phthisis pulmonalis. 

Consumptive, phthisicus, peripneumoni- 

CONSUMMATE, conficio, consummo, 

Consummate, adj. summus, consumma- 
te, perfectus, egregius, unicus. — Con- 
summate happiness, vita beata, perfecta 
et absoluta. — virtue, perfecta et ad 
summum perducta virtus; consumma- 
ta, perfecta cumulataque virtus. 

Consummation, confectio, consummatio ; 
perfectio, absolutio ; finis, exitus. 




CONSUMPTION. See Consume. 

CONTACT, tactus, tactio, contactus. 

CONTAGION, contagio ; contagium ; 
fig. contagio. 

Contagious, contagiosus. — disease, con- 
tagio or contagium morbi ; pestilentia. 

Contagiousness, vis contagiosa. 

CONTAIN (hold), contineo, capio, com- 

prehendo. ible to contain, capax. 

IT To contain (keep chaste), libidinem fre- 
nare, reprimere, coercere. M I can- 
not contain myself, mini temperare ne- 
queo ; me reprimere non possum. — To 
contain (keep in), cohibeo. 

Containing, comprehensio, complexio. 

Content. See Content (capacity). 

Continent, Continence. Seethe words. 

CONTAMINATE (defile), contamino, foe- 
do, inquino ; polluo. 

Contamination, labes, sordes ; comma- 

CONTEMN, contemno; sperno, asper- 
nor ; contemptui habere, nihili or flocci 

Contemner, contemptor, spretor. 

Contempt, contemptus, contemptio, de- 
spectus 5 despectio, despicientia. — To 
bring one into contempt, in odium pertra- 
here. — To grow into contempt, ignomi- 
niam contrahere, invidiam suscipere ; 
despicatui haberi. — To be guilty of con- 
tempt to a court, curiae auctoritatem con- 
temnere ; vadimonium deserere. — Had 
in contempt, contemptus ; despicatui or 
contemptui habitus, derisus. — With 
contempt (contemptuously), contemptim, 
cum contemptu, cum fastidio. 

Contemptible, contemnendUs ; contemp- 
tus, despectus, despicatus 5 abjectus ; 


Contemptuous, fastidiosus (with genit.), 
superbus ; sometimes contemnens. 

Contemptuously, contemptim, cum con- 
temptu, cum fastidio. — To think con- 
temptuously of a person, aliquem con- 
temptui, despicatui habere. 

Contemptuousness, fastidium, superbia. 

CONTEMPLATE, contemplor, conside- 
ro ; cogito ; inspicio. — with the utmost 

attention, acerrime contemplari. 

TT (intend), meditor. 

Contemplation, contemplatio, conside- 

ratio, cogitatio, meditatio. IT To 

have in contemplation, meditari. 

Contemplative, contemplativus. — A 
contemplative person, qui in rerum con- 
templatione versatur. — A contemplative 
life, vita contemplativa ; degendae vitae 
ratio in rerum contemplatione posita. 

Contemplatively, studiose, meditanti- 
um more. 

Contemplator of nature, physicus, natu- 
rre speculator. 

CONTEMPORARY, aequalis, ejusdem 

tetatis ; ejusdem temporis. IT subst. 

aequalis, aequalis illorum temporum ; qui 
ejusdem aetatis est. — His contempora- 
ries, setas sua, homines sui temporis. 

CONTEND, cum aliquo contendere, cer- 
tare, concertare, confligere, litigare, al- 
tercari, disceptare, digladiari, luctari, 

armis decernere, depugnare. Qntipa- 

ter contended sharply icith Carneades, An- 
tipater digladiatus est cum Carneade. — 
To contend against, obluctor, adversor, 
repugno. — To contend for mastery, de 
imperio certare, concertare, contendere. 
— for a tenet, propugno. 

Contender, certator, concertator. 

Contention, controversia, contentio. 
(See Contest.) — I have no contention with 
him, mini cum eo controversial nihil 

Contentious, contentio3us, litigiosus, 

Contentiously, pugnaciter. 

Contentiousness, morositas, ingenium 
ad altercationes proclive ; certandi or 
concertationis studium. 

litas animi, animus tranquillus ; hilari- 
tas, animus hilaris ; approbatio ; volup- 

tas, jucunditas / took great content in 

your letters, plurimum jucunditatis ex 
iiteris tuis capiebam. — Than which con- 
tent of mind there can be no greater, qua 
voluptate animi nulla certe potest esse 
major. — To my great content, magna 
mea voluptate. 

Content, Contented, sorte sua conten- 

tus ; tranquillus. — To be contented roith, 
aliqua re contentum esse, aliqua re ac- 
quiescere, in aliqua re acquiescere, 
aliquid probare, approbare, accipere. 

— I am content, esto, fiat, placet, per 
me licet. — / am content with any 
thing, mihi quidvis satis est. — J am 
well content, facile patior. — / am well 
content that he suffers what he deserves, 
causam non dico quin, quod meritus est, 

To Content, alicui satisfacere, animum 
alicujus explere, exsaturare. — He could 
not content them, satisfacere hominibus 
non potuit. — Content yourself with what 
you have, sorte tua contentus abi. — 
To content one for his pains, &c, pre- 

tium persolvere, compensare. 

IT (pacify), placo, delinio, mulceo. — 
Easy to be contented, placabilis, qui aequo 
animo est. — Easiness of being contented, 

Contentedness, tranquillitas animi, 
tranquillus animus. 

Contentedly, patienter, quiete, aequo 
animo, tranquille, sorte sua contentus. 

— He died contentedly, aequo animo para- 
toque mortuus est. 

CONTENT (capacity), capacitas. 

1T Contents, quod aliqua re continetur ; 
(amount), summa. — The contents of a 
book or chapter, argumentum, epitome (a 
summary). — The contents of the letter 
were this, caput literarum hoc erat. 

CONTERMINOUS, conterminus. 

CONTEST, v. controversor ; certo, con 
certo ; litigo. 

Contest, subst. lis, rixa, jurgium, discep- 
tatio, concertatio, altercatio, certamen. 

• — The philosophers spend their lives in 
vain contests, philosophi aetatem in vanis 
litibus conterunt. — They are always 
contesting with one another, altercantur 
semper inter se. 

Contestable, quod in dubium vocari 

CONTEXT, orationis contextus, sermo 
nis continuatio. 

CONTEXTURE, contextus. 

CONTIGUOUS, continens, conjunctus, 
subjunctus ; finitimus, confinis. 

Contiguity, propinquitas. 

CONTINENT, continens, castus, pudi 

Continently, continenter, caste, pudi 

Continence, continentia, temperantia 
pudicitia, integritas, castitas, abstinen 

CONTINENT (main land), continens 
(sc. terra). 

CONTINGENT, fortuitus, in casu posi- 
tus, non necessarius, adventitius, incer- 

Contingent, subst. casus. — Contingents, 

casus ; adjuncta, eventa. 1T (quota), 

quantum militum (quantum pecuniae) 
quoeque civitas mittere (conferre) de- 
bet ; auxilia. 

Contingently, casu, fortuitu, fortuito. 


casus, eventus fortuitus. 
CONTINUE (abide), commoror, nianeo, 

resideo. IT (last), consto, persto, 

persevero ; persisto, perduro, pennaneo. 

— It continues raining, non intermittit 
pluere. — He continues in his purpose, 
incepto permanet. — While that shall 
continue, dum id exstabit. — To contin- 
ue (as a custom), inveterasco. — To con- 
tinue in or upon, moror, immoror. 

1Ti>. a. facere aliquid pergo, exsequor, 
persequor, alicui rei insto, inreperseve 
ro ; continuo, nop intermitto. — To con- 
tinue on his race, cursum tenere. 

IT (prolong), produco, protraho, extraho, 
extendo, profero. 

Continual (^permanent, lasting), perma- 
nens, jugis,Tjerennis. — Continual peace 
confirmed it, pacis diuturnitas conflrma- 

vit. IT (uninterrupted), continuus, 

continens, assiduus. 

Continually, perpetuo, assidue, usque. 

— He teas continually with me, assiduus 
erat mecum. IT (continuedly) , conti- 
nenter, assiduo, perpetim, sineullain- 

Continuance, perpetuitas, continuatio, 
perennitas, assiduitas, diuturnitas ; as- 
suetudo ; spatium. — Continuance makes 
me:i perfect, U3!is promptos facit. — Of 


long continuance, longus, longinquus, 

diuturnus. IT of a writ, prorogatio 

causae IT (abode), commoratio, man- 

sio, remansio. 

Continuation, continuatio, perpetuitas ; 
reliqua pars, quod reliquum est. 

Continued, continuatus, continuus, con- 
tinens, perpetuus ; extensus, perductus. 

Continuing (lasting), permanens, perdu- 
rans, perpetuus ; stabilis, firmus. 

Continuous, continens, continuus. 

Continuity, continuitas, continuatio. 

CONTORTION, distortio. 

CONTOUR (in painting), extrerms lineae ; 
extremitas pictures ; extrema corpo- 

CONTRABAND articles, merces vetitae. 

CONTRACT (abridge), in compendium 
redigere ; substringere ; (lessen), corri- 
pio; (narrow), angustum reddere, an- 
gustare, coarctare, contrahere ; (draw 
together), contraho, complico ; (shrink), 
se contrahere. — To be contracted, in 

arctius coi're ; cogi. 1T To contract 

debt, aes alienum contrahere, facere, 
conflare. — friendship, amicitiam cum 
aliquo jungere or inire. — disease, mor- 
bum contrahere, concipere, nancisci. — 
habit, in consuetudinem alicujus rei ve- 
nire ; insuescere. IT (bargain), cum 

aliquo pacisci,pactionem facere, (nego- 

tium) contrahere. IT (betroth), spon- 

dere, despondere aliquam alicui. (See 
Betroth.) — Contracted, sponsus. 

Contract, subst. pactum, pactio ; con- 
ventus, conventum, pactum conven- 
tum ; locatio ; syngrapha, tabulae lo- 
cationis. — To keep to it, stare conven- 
es, in pactione manere. — Marriage- 
contract, sponsalia. 

Contracted. (See the verb.) fT (nar- 
row), angustus ; contractus. — soul, 
animus parvus, pusillus, angustus. 

Contraction (drawing together), contrac- 

Contractor (undertaker), conductor, re- 

CONTRADICT, obloquor ; contradico, 
adversor, arguo, refragor ; repugnare (of 
a thing). — He contradicts himself, pug- 
nantia loquitur, dicit. — If he do not con- 
tradict himself, si ipse sibi consentiat. — 
His dreds contradict his words, facta ejus 
cum dictis discrepant. 

Contradiction, contradictio ; reclama- 
tio: — repugnantia, pugna, discrepan- 
tia. — Contradictions, inter se pugnantia 
or repugnantia. 

Contradictory, pugnans, repugnans ; 
diversus ; disparatus, oppositus. 

CONTRADISTINGUISH, aliquid ab alio 
distinguere, discernere. — Contradistin- 
guished, distinctus, discretus ; contra- 

Contradistinction, per oppositionem 

CONTRARY,contrarius; oppositus, diver- 
sus, (quite different); disparatus (contradic- 
tory). — Vices are contrary to virtues, vitia 
virtutibus or virtutum contraria sunt. — 
They went a contrary way from what they 
had intended, erat iter a proposito diver- 
sum. — Motions contrary to reason, motus 
aversi a ratione. — To be of a contrary 
opinion, ab aliquo dissentire, dissidere. 
— These are contrary one to the other, 
haec inter se opposita sunt. — To be or 
act contrary to, adversor, repugno, pug- 
no, dissideo. — Do not act contrary to 
me, noli adversari mihi. — I do not say 
to the contrary, nihil repugno. — I did it 
contrary to my mind, invitus feci. — On 
the contrary, contra, ex or e contrario ; 
(nay rather), imo, imo vero. — Con- 
trary to, contra, adversus, praeter. — 
Contrary to what most men do, quod con- 
tra fit a plerisque. — Contrary to the 
laws, adversus leges. — Contrary to ex- 
pectation, praeter or contra exspectatio- 
nem or opinionem ; something falls out 
so, evenit aliquid praeter spem. — He 
speaks contrary to what he thinks, aliud 

sentit ac loquitur. IT A contrary 

wind, ventus adversus. — The wind is 
contrary, ventus adversum tenet nobis. 

Contrariety, pugna, repugnantia, dis- 

Contrariwise, contrarie. 

CONTRAST (in pointing, &c), asperitas, 
■fitruv.; (gen.), pugna, repugnantia, dis- 

'crepantia", distantia, dissimilitudo. 




Contrast, v. a. rem rei opponere, confer- 
re : v. n. pugnare, discrepare. 

CONTRAVENE {offend, act against), vio- 
lo ; perfringo, perrumpo. 

Contravention, violatio. 

CONTRIBUTE, conferre. IT Fig. con- 

ferre, vim habere, valere, prodesse, adju- 
vare, interest. — muck, magnum momen- 
tum, plus momenti afferre. 

Contributor, collator, qui aliquid tribuit, 

Contribution, collatio ; stips, collecta ; 
symbola : — stipendium, pecuni.*e impe- 
ratae. — To lay a city under contribution, 
urbi stipendium imponere, pecuniam 
imperare (qua incendium redimatur). 

CONTRITE, pcenitens. — So contrite, was 
he, tanta vis erat pcenitendi. 

Contrition, pcenitentia, acerbus dolor ex 
peccatorum recordatione conceptus. 

CONTRIVE (devise), comminiscor, con- 
cipio, nngo, excogito; invenio: (design, 
plot), paro, machino, molior, struo, 
concoquo. — A well-contrived house, do- 

micilium bonum. IT To contrive to 

do a thing, aliquid efficere, conficere, ad 
effectum perducere. 

Contrivance (contriving), excogitatio; 

inventio. IT (the thing contrived), in- 

ventum, res inventa ; arsnova; fraus, 

machinatio. IT (ingenuity), ingeni- 

um ad excogitandum acutum, sollertia ; 

Contriver, auctor, inventor, artifex ; 
machinator, molitor. 

CONTROL, s. rationes contra scripts. 

IT (superintendence), cura, custodia, 

tutela ; (power), potestas, imperium, ar- 
bitrium ; (coercion), coe'rcitio. 

To Control (as a controller), rationes con- 
tra scribere. IT (direct), prseesse or 

preefectum esse alicui rei, curare, rege- 
re, moderari aliquid; (hold in check), 
continere, reprimere, coe'rcere, compri- 
mere, compescere. 

Controller, contrascriptor rationum 

CONTROVERT, de re aliqua controver- 
siam habere, disceptare, altercari, con 
troversari ; rem in controversiam vo- 
care, adducere, deducere. — Controvert- 
ed, conlroversus, quod in • controversial 
est, dubius, de quo ambigitur; litigiosus 
(e. g. praediolum). 

Controvertible, quod in controversiam 
vocari potest. 

Controvertist, disputator. 

Controversial, ad controversiam perti- 
' nens. 

Controversy, controversia, altercatio, 
disceptatio, certamen. — To be in contro- 
versy, in controversia esse or versari ; 
in controversiam deductnm esse. — To 
decide controversies, controversias deci- 
dere, dirimere, judicare. — Beyond all 
controversy, sine (uM) controversia; 
hand dubie, certe ; longe (with adj., e. g. 
longe princeps). 1T (at law), lis. 

CONTUMACIOUS, contumax, pertinax, 
pervicax, obstinatus, offirmatus. 

Contumaciously, contumaciter, perti- 
naciter ; pervicacius. 

Contumacy, Contumaciousness, contu- 
macia, pertinacia, pervicacia; obstina- 

CONTUMELY (reproach), contumelia, 
convicium, maledictum. 


Contumeliously, contumeliose, male- 

CONTUSION (bruise), contusio. 

CONVALESCENT, cui melius fit. — To 
be so, convalescere (recover). — Con- 
valescence, valetudo in melius inclinata ; 
sanitas restituta, salus, sanitas segri. 

CONVENE (come together), conven\o,con- 
gregor, coeo ; — (call together), convoco.. 
See Convention. 

CONVENIENT (fit), commodus, aptus, 
idoneus, appositus; utilis: (agreeable), 
congruens, conveniens, consentaneus, 
consonus : (seasonable), tempestivus, op- 
portunus. — To be convenient, competo, 
consentio. — It is convenient, aequum est ; 
par est ; opus est. — ft is not convenient, 
dedecet. — Very convenient, peridoneus, 
peropportunus, perbonus. 

Conveniently (fitly), commode, apposite, 
rite, congruenter, convenienter,idonee : 
(in due time), tempestive, opportune. — 
Conveniently to yourself, commodo tuo. 

Convenience, commodum, commoditas. 

— No convenience without its inconveni- 
ence, omnis commoditas sua fert incom- 

moda secum. IT (opportunity), op- 

portunitas ; facultas : (suitableness), con- 
venientia, congruentia. 

CONVENT (convention, assembly), con- 

ventus, coetus. IT (monastery), mo- 

nasterium, ccenobium. 

Conventual, conventualis. IT A con- 
ventual, conventual is, ccenobita. 

CONVENTICLE, conventiculum; ccetus. 

CONVENTION, conventus, concio, cce- 
tus. (See Assembly and Congress.) 

IT (compact), conventum, pactum. 

Conventional, ex pacto et convento fac- 
tus ; usu receptus, usitatus. 

Conventionally, more usitato or recepto. 

CONVERGE, eodem vergere. 

Convergent, eodem deflectens, vergens. 

CONVERSE, v. (See Associate.) 

IT (talk), cum aliquo loqui ; sermocinari 
or sermonem conferre cum aliquo; cum 
aliquo colloqui ; confabulari or sermones 
familiares conferre cum aliquo ; habere 
sermones de aliqua re. 

Converse, s. conversatio, consuetudo, 

usus, commercium. IT (talk), see 


Conversation (intercourse), see Converse, 
subst. IT (behavior), vita, ratio Vi- 
vendi, modus se gerendi, mores. 

IT (talk), sermo, collocutio, colloquium; 
confabulatio, sermones familiares. — 
about trifling matters, colloquium or -ia 
rerum leviorum. — to have with one, ser- 
monem conferre cum aliquo, cum aliquo 

Conversant, versatus, volutatus, exerci- 
tatus, in re ; peritus, gnarus, alicujus 
rei. — Rhetoric is conversant about all 
things, versatur circa res omnes rheto- 
rice. — All arts are conversant about 
truth, in veri investigatione omnes artes 

Conversible, facilis, affabilis, comis. 

CONVERT, aliquid in aliud convertere. 

— to his own use, in usum suum con- 
vertere. IT To convert from vice, in 

aliam mentem adducere, a vitiis aliquem 
ad virtutem revocare. — To be converted, 
mores suos mutare, ad bonam frugem 

se recipere. IT (in the religious 

sense), ad verum Dei cultum alicujus 
animum convertere. — To be converted, 
ad Christianam fidem transire. 

Convert, subst. qui ad fidem Christianam 

Conversion (change), conversio, muta- 
tio ; (of manners), morum mutatio 
(pass.), ad bonam frugem revocatio 
(act.) : (to Christianity), accessio ad 
Christi doctrinam. 

Convertible, quod mutari potest, muta- 
bilis : — idem declarans, idem signifi- 
cans, cognominatus. 

Convertibly, contra ea, e contrario. 

CONVEX, convexus. 

Convexity, convexitas. 

CONVEY, deduco, perduco, comitor; 
defero, perveho, proveho. — To convey 
away, asporto, abduco, aveho, amoveo, 
deporto: — hastily, abripio, eripio, cor- 
ripio. — To convey away by stealth, ali- 
quid furto subducere, abducere. — To 
convey in privily, submitto, subduco. — 
To convey by cart, conveho, deveho. — 
To convey over, trajicio, transveho. — 
To convey in, importo. — out, exporto, 
eveho. — To convey down to posterity, 

memorise prodere or transmittere. 

IT To convey or make over an estate, fun- 
dum alicui transcribere or abalienare. 

Conveyance (carrying), deportatio, ex- 
portatio ; evectus. — — IT A conveyance 
(deed in writing), abalienationis instru- 
mentum, tabulae alienationis consigna- 

taa. IT A conveyance of water, aquae 

deductio or ductus. 

Conveying, s. — up tn or in, subvectio, 
-us. — away, subductio. — in, inductio. 

— over, transvectio, trajectio. — out, ex- 

CONVICT, convinco, evinco. — To con- 
vict an accused person, reum convincere, 
evincere, arguere, coarguere ; crimen 
intentum probare. — To be convicted, 
convincor, evincor. — Convicted of a lie, 
mendacii convictus. 

Convict, subst. qui alicujus sceleris dam- 
natus est. 


Conviction, damnatio ; conscientia. 

CONVINCE, convinco, coarguo ; persua- 

Convincing, firmus, gravis; ad persua- 
dendum accommodatus, ad persuasio- 
nem appositus. 

Convincingly, ad persuadendum accom- 
modate, etc. ; graviter. 

CONVIVIAL, convivialis. 

CONVOKE, convoco, conventum indi- 

Convocation, convocatio ; senatuseccle- 

CONVOY, v. aliquem praesidii causa 

Convoy, subst. presidium, milites pree- 

CONVULSE, spasmo vexare : fig. qua- 
tere, quassare ; perturbare. — To become 
convulsed, convelli, spasmo vexari : — 
with laughter, risu quati. 

Convulsion, convulsio, spasmus : pertur- 
batio, tumultus. — Troubled with convul- 
sions, spasticus. 

Convulsive, convulsivus (technical). 

CONY, cuniculus. 

COO (as a dove), gemo. 

Cooing (of a dove), gemitus. 

COOK, coquus. 8. master-cook, archi- 

magirus. — A pastry cook, pistor dulcia- 
rius, cupedinarius. — To be one's own 
cook, sibi manu sua parare cibum. — A 
cook-room, culina. — A cook-shop (ordi- 
nary), popina. 

To Cook, coquo ; mitigo, igne mollio. — 
meats, cibum or cibaria coquere ; cibum 
parare or comparare. — Cooked, coetus. 

Cookery, ars coquinaria or culinaria (the 
art) ; res coquinaria (as the subject of a 

Cooking, coctio ; coctura. — Relating to 
cooking, coquinarius, coquinatorius. 

COOL, frigidus, subfrigidus, frigidiuscu- 
lus ; (shady), opacus : (indifferent, phleg- 
matic), lentus; (undaunted), impavidus, 
intrepidus, fortis ; (dispassionate), animi 
perturbatione liber, vacuus, tranquillus ; 
(not cordial), frigidus. — To become cool 
in an affair, remissius aliquid agere, ge- 
rere or administrare. 

To Cool, v. a. refrigerare, frigidum fa- 
cere : — v. n. refrigerari, refrigescere. — 
one's courage, animum frangere, debili- 
tare. — Cooled (slackened), remissus, re- 
missior. — A cooling drink, potio refrige 

Coolly, frigide ; impavide, intrepide, for- 
titer ; ajquo animo ; lento pectore ; re- 
misse, remissius. 

Coolness, frigus ; animus frigidus, lenti- 
tudo, irreverentia. 

Cooler, alveus refrigeratorius, vas refri- 

COOP, cors ; gallinarium (hen-coop) ; nes- 
sotrophium (for ducks). 

To Coop up, cavea includere ; (shut in), 
obsideo, circumcingo. 

Cooper, vietor. — A wine-cooper, vietor 

COOPERATE, operam ad aliquid con- 
ferre, aliquem juvare in aliqua re ; una 
agere; aliquid adjuvare. (See Contrib- 
ute.) — Cooperating, operam ad aliquid 

Cooperation, opera; auxilium. See 

Cooperator, qui operam ad aliquid con- 
fert ; adjutor. 

COORDINATE, ejusdem ordinis, aequa- 

Coordination, aequalitas. 

COOT, fulica, fulix. 

COP (top), apex, caput, cacumen ; (tuft 
on birds), crista. — A cop of hay, fceni 

COPARTNER, socius, consors socius, re 
et ratione conjunctus. 

Copartnership, societas. 

COPE (priesfs garment), stola sacerdotalis. 

1T (of heaven), convexa cceli, cos- 

lum ; (arch), fornix. 

To Cope. See Arch. 

Coping of a house, fastigium. — of a wall, 
projectura, Vitr. 

COPE, colluctor, congredior, dextras con- 
serere ; certo, concerto. — / must cope 
with Fabius alone, soli obluctandum 

COPIOUS, copiosus, affiuens, abundans, 

Copiously, copiose, affatim, abundanter, 




fuse, cumulate, prolixe, operose ; uber- 
rime, ubertim. 

Copiousness, copia, ubertas, abundantia ; 
facultas, vis. 

COPPER, aes cyprium (and in connection, 
also aes), cuprum : a copper (boiler), 
ahenum, caldarium : — adj. cyprius, cu- 
preus, cuprinus ; aeneus. — The copper- 
worm, teredo. — A copper-plate (engrav- 
ing), pictura linearis or imago per aene- 
am laminam expressa ; figura aenea ; 
also imago. — Copper-mine, metalla aera- 
ria. — color, color cyprius; colored, co- 
lore cyprio; aeri similis (e. g. capillus) ; 
rubidus (e. g. facies). — rust, aerugo 
cypria, aerugo aeris. — Copper-smith, (fa- 
ber) asrarius. — snake, coluber chersea 
(L.). — coin, rudera (pi.) ; numus cyp- 
rius (one), as. 

Copperas, chalcantum, atramentum su- 

COPSE, COPPICE, frutices, virgulta, fru- 
ticetum, frutetum, silvacaedua, silvula. 

COPULATIVE, copulativus (Oramm.). 

COPY (of a writing), exemplum, exem- 
plar ; (ofapicture), exemplar, imitatio. 

# true copy of a will, testamentum 

eodem exemplo. — The first copy, ex- 
emplum primum, archetypum. — in the 
author's own hand, chirographum, auto- 
graphum. — A copy of verses, carmi- 
num exemplar. — To set one a copy, 
literas alicui praeformare. — To set a 
copy to imitate, exemplum imitandum 

To Copt, describo, exscribo, transscribo ; 
rescribo (rewrite) ; furor (pilfer) ; ex- 

primo, imitando exprimere. -, IT To 

copy after, imitor, aliquem imitando 
effingere or exprimere ; aliquem imi- 
tatione assequi or consequi. 

Copier, Copyist, transscribens ; librarius. 

Copyhold, praedium beneficiarium. 

Copying. — after, imitatio. — out, descriptio. 

COQUETTE, virgo casta quidem, sed 
moribus non satis sevens ; immodica 
sui ostentatrix. — To play the coquette, 
oculis venari viros; viros in amorem 

Coquetry, petulantia. 

CORAL, coralium or corallum. — Made 
of it, ex corallo factus. 

CORD, funis (stout), restis (slender) ; fu- 
nale, tomex. — A small cord, funiculus, 
resticula. — To make cords, restes con- 
torquere. <2 cord-maker, restio. 

To Cord up, restibus, funiculis succin- 

Cordage, funes ; rudentes. — Small cord- 
age in a ship, funiculi. 

CORDIAL, s. quod recreat, reficit corpus 
(or vires), or animum ; oblectatio, ob- 
lectamentum ; laxamentum ; solatium. 

— His name is a cordial to me, ejus nomi- 
ne ipso recreor. 

Cordial (refreshing), recreans, reficiens, 
vires or animum ; suavis, dulcis ; ju- 
cundus:— (hearty), ex animo amicus, 
vere benevolus ; amoris et studii plenus. 

Cordially, ex animo ; ex imo pectore ; 
toto pectore; summo studio; summa. 

Cordiality, amor verus, singularis, sum- 
mus, in or erga aliquem. 


CORE (heart), cor. — To touch one to the 
core, animum alicujus percutere ; in 

pectus alicujus alte descendere. 

IT (flower), robur, flos. TT The core 

of fruit, volva pomi or pomorum. 

CORK, cortex, cortex suberea. — Cork-tree, 
suber, suber quercus (L.). — Of cork, 
subereus. — To swim without corks, sine 
cortice nare. — To draw a cork, corticem 
extrahere. — Cork-screw, instrumentum 
corticibus extrabendis. 

To Cork, corticem immittere lagenas, 
cortice occludere. 

CORMORANT, pelecanus carbo (L.) : 
(^wtton),heluo, vorax ; gurges. 

CORN, frumentum ; fruges (standing ripe 
or gathered in) ; annona (as brought to 
market) ; far (spelt) ; secale (rye). — 
This year's corn, frumentum hornoti- 
num. — To fetch corn (of soldiers), fru- 

mentari. — Standing corn, seges Corn 

grows dear, annona carior fit, ingraves- 
cit, incenditur. — falls, annona laxat, 
levatur. — A corn-field, ager frumenta- 
rius. — Indian corn, milium Indicum. 

— Cheapness of corn, annonae vilitas. — 

Dearness, annonae difficultas, caritas, 
gravitas. — To gather com, fruges per- 
cipere. — Corn-loft, granarium, cella, 
horreum. — stalk, culmus. — Of or per- 
taining to corn, frumentarius. — In some 
connections, corn is expressed by res fru- 

mentaria. IT (a single grain), gra- 

num A barley-corn, granum hordei. 

IT (on the toes), clavus pedis. 

To Corn with salt, salem inspergere, sale 
condire. — Corned, sale conditus. 

CORNEL-TREE, cornus (cornus mascu- 
la, L.). — A little cornel-tree, corneo- 

lus. & grove of cornels, cornetum. — 

Of cornel, corneus. — A cornel-berry, 

CORNELIAN stone, sarda. 

CORNEOUS, corneus. 

CORNER, versura (turn) ; angulus (cor- 
ner, also lurking-place) ; latibulum, la- 
tebra, recessus, receptaculum, (lurking- 
hole) : it is also expressed by the adj. ex- 
tremus :— (quarter), regio. — A little cor- 
ner, angellus. — I will creep into some 
corner, in angulum aliquem abibo. — A 
corner stone, lapis angularis. — house, 
domus extrema plateas. — window, fe- 
nestra extrema. — Having three corners, 
triangulus; four, quadrangulus ; many, 
angulosus, multangulus (poet.) ; late- 
brosus (secret ones). — The corner of the 
eye, oculi angulus. — The four corners 
of the city, quatuor urbis regiones. — 
From the four corners, undique. — In a 
corner (secret), secreto, clanculum. 

Cornered, angulatus. 

CORNET, tuba, buccina. — To sound a 
cornet, buccinam inflare, buccina ca- 

nere. IT A cornet of horse, vexillarius, 


Cornetter, buccinator ; cornicen. 

CORNICE, corona. 

COROLLARY, consecutio, consectarium; 

CORONAL suture, commissura cranii 

CORONATION, sollemnia quibus regi 
creato regnum ac corona defertur, co- 
rona? impositio. 

CORONER, caedis quaesitor. 

CORONET, corolla, sertum; (little crown) , 
corona parva. 

CORPORAL, decurio. 

CORPORAL, CORPOREAL, corporalis ; 
corporeus. — oath, jusjurandum sanc- 
tum ; to take it, sancte jurare. 

Corporally, by some case of corpus; as, 
to be corporally well, corpore valere. 

corpus ; collegium. — borough, munici- 

CORPS. See Body. 

CORPSE, corpus (mortuum) ; mortuus. 

CORPULENT, corpulentus, obesus, cras- 
sus, pinguis, plenus. 

Corpulency, obesitas, crassities, corpu- 
lentia, plenitude 

CORPUSCLES, corpuscula, atomi. 

Corpuscular, ad corpuscula pertinens. 

CORRECT (amend), corrigo, emendo. — 
proof sheets, menda typographica etneii- 
dare. — To correct anew, recudo, reco- 

quo. IT (punish), castigo, punio ; 

(reprove), reprehendo, castigo. 

Correct, adj. emendatus, rectus, casti- 
gatus ; comptus ; accuratus ; recte de- 
scriptus ; Justus, rectus ; vitio purus, 
purus ; vitio carens, innocens, a culpa 
vacuus. — account, ratio, quae convenit. 

Corrector, corrector, emendator, emen- 
datrix, castigator. — of manners, cen- 

Correction, emendatio, correctio. — My 
writings wanted the last correction, ulti- 
ma lima defuit meis scriptis. IT (pun- 
ishment), castigatio, supplicium, crucia- 
tus. — Correction of manners, censura. 
— A house of correction, ergastulum. 

Correctly, emendate, castigate, recte, 

Correctness, elegantia, nitor, oratio 
emendata or castigata ; justa ratio ; 
Veritas ; innocentia. 

CORRELATIVES, quae sub eandem ra- 
tionem cadunt. 

CORRESPOND (suit), congruo, conve- 

nio. IT (by letter), literas dare et ac- 

cipere ; cum aliquo per literas colloqui. 

Correspondence (commerce or familiari- 
ty), consortium, consuetudo, commer- 
cium ; occulta or mutua communica- 

tio. — by letter, epistolarum commerci- 

um To hold a correspondence with one, 

literas ultro citroque transmitter ; cum 

aliquo consilia communicare. 

IT (agreement), congruentia, convenien- 

Correspondent (suitable), conveniens, 
congruens, consentaneus, aptus. 

Correspondent (bosom friend), intimus, 
familiaris, consiliorum socius et parti- 
ceps. — by letter, literarum commercio 
cum aliquo junctus. 

CORRIDOR (curtain in fortification) , lori- 
ca, cortina; (in building), prothyruth. 

CORRIVAL, rivalis, asmulus, competitor. 

CORROBORATE (confirm an agreement), 
confirmo, ratum facere ; (strengthen a 
weakpart), roboro, firmo, confirmo. 

Corroborative, vim confirmandi habens. 

CORRODE, rodo, corrodo, erodo, exedo, 

Corroding, Corrosive, rodens, exedens, 
vim corrodendi habens ; crucians, mor- 
dax. — cares, mordaces sollicitudines. 

Corrosiveness, vis corrodendi. 

Corrosion, rosio ; cruciatus, angor. 

CORRUGATE (wrinkle), corrugo. 

CORRUPT, corrumpo. — He suffered him- 
self to be easily corrupted, pretio habuit 
addictam fidem. — No money could cor- 
rupt him, nunc nulla conditio pecuniae 
a summa integritate deduxit. (See 

Bribe.) TT (destroy), perdo, disper- 

do : (defile), contamino, coinquino ; 
polluo : (debauch), vitio, stupro, violo: 
(infect), inficio, contagione aliquem 
afflare : (spoil), depravo, vitio, perverto. 

IT To corrupt or grow corrupted, 

putresco, marcesco, tabesco ; corrumpi, 

Corrupt, a. (faulty), mendosus, vitiosus ; 
(infectious), pestilens; (naughty), ma- 
lus, pravus, insincerus, perditus, profli- 
gatus, corruptus; (noisome), insalubris, 
morbidus ; (rotten or tainted) deprava- 
tus, vitiatus, rancidus, putridus. — Cor- 
rupt blood, pus, tabum. — A corrupt 
judge, judex numarius. — Not corrupt, 
incorruptus, sincerus, castus, integer. 

Corrupter, covruptor, violator ; corrupte- 
la, pernicies, pestis. 

Corruptible, corruptioni obnoxius, ca- 

Corruption, corruptio, depravatio ; pra- 
vitas. — of manners, mores perditi, cor- 

rupti, turpes. IT (foulness), putor, 


Corruptly, corrupte, depravate ; (filthi- 
ly), purulente, sordide ; — depravate, 
mendose, perdite. 

CORSAIR, pirata, praedo maritimus ; (his 
ship), navis piratica, myoparo. 

CORSET, perizonium, praecinctorium. 

CORSLET, lorica ; cataphracta. 

CORUSCATION, fulgor, splendor. 

CORVETTE, celox. ' 

COSMETICS, quae ad ornatum pertinent. 

COSMOGRAPHY, mundi descriptio. 

COSSET-LAMB, agnus matre orbus qui 
inter manus hominjim educatus est. 

COST, impensa, sumptus; impendium, 
damnum. — I have learned it to my cost, 
non levi documento expertus sum ; 
opera et impepsa periit. — The costs of 
a suit, impeneaj actionis judicialis. — 
To tax the costs of a suit, litem aestimare. 

— To bestow cost upon, impensam et 
sumptum in rem aliquam facere. 

To Co9t, consto. — Nothing will cost less, 
res nulla minoris constabit. — It costs 
nothing, gratis constat. — It costs less by 
half, minoris constat dimidio. — What- 
ever it costs, it is well bought, quanti 
quanti bene emitur. - — Belonging to 
cost, sumptuarius. . 

Costly (dear), pretiosus, carus, magno 
constans or emptus ; (expensive), sump- 
tuosus, luxuriosus ; (stately), splendidus, 
magnincus, lautus ; (in banqueting), opi- 

Costly, adv. sumptuose, magnificenter ; 
(in fare), opipare, Iaute. 

Costliness, caritas. 

COSTAL, ad costas pertinens. 

COSTIVE, alvo astricta or restricta ; 
(making costive^) , alvum astringens, styp- 
ticus. — To make costive, alvum astringe- 
re, alvum contrahere, comprimere. 

Costiveness, alvus astricta, restricta. 

COSTUME, habitus ; mos vestis ; orna- 




COT, COTTAGE, casa, tugurium ; gur- 
gustium. — A sheep cot, ovile. — A little 
cottage, casula, tuguriolum. 

Cottager, tugurii incola. 

COTTON, xylinuin 3 fine, bombyx. — Of 
cotton, xylinus ; bombycinus. — Cotton 
stuff, byssus, panni xylini. — The cotton 
plant, xylon ; gossypion. 

COUCH (in writing), scripto concludere, 

comprehendere, complecti. ir To 

couch an eye, glaucomam oculis alicujus 
objectam solvere. IT (lie down), cu- 
be-, procumbo, succumbo, prosternor. — 
Couchant, Cubans, jacens. 

Couch, lectus, lectulus, grabatus ; cubile. 

Couching (lying down), s. cubatio. 

COUGH, tussis. — To have it, tussire, tussi 
laborare. — A slight cough, tussicula. 

To Cough, tussio. — To cough out, or 
cast out by coughing, exscreare, extus- 
sire ; tussiendo exspuere. 

COUNCIL, consilium, senatus. — When 
he had called a council, senatu coacto. — 
The king's privy council, principis (or 

regis) consilium (secretum). in order 

of council, senatusconsultum. — To hold 
a council, senatum habere. in ecclesi- 
astical council, conventus ecclesiasticus. 

— A council-chamber, curia. — A council 
of war, consilium militare. 

COUNSEL (advice), consilium, monitum, 
admonitum, admonitus, admonitio, ad- 
hortalio. — / will follow his counsel, id 
quod dederat mihi consilium sequar ; 
ejus consilio utar. — Hasty counsel, con- 
silium pra:ceps. — To ask counsel, ali- 
quem consulere, ab aliquo consilium 
petere. — To give counsel, alicui consu- 
lere or suadere ; aliquem monere, hor- 
tari, adhortari, exhortari, consilio juva- 
re : — ill counsel, malis consiliis aliquem 
seducere. — To be asked counsel, consu- 
lor. — He that is asked counsel, consultus. 

— To keep counsel, aliquid taciturn tene- 
re, habere, tacite habere, tacere, reticere. 

— A keeping of counsel, taciturnitas ; 
fides. — One that cannot keep counsel, 
garrulus, rimarum plenus. IT Coun- 
sels (deliberations), consilia. 1T (wis- 
dom), consilium, prudentia. 

Counselling, suasio, monitio, admonitio, 
monitus. — to the contrary, dissuasio. 

Counsellor, consultor, auctor, suasor ; 
monitor, impulsor ; consiliarius, consi- 
liator, consuasor, assessor. — at law, ju- 
ris consultus, juris peritns; causarum 
patron us ; causidicu*. — A privy counsel- 
lor, qui principi est a consiliis interiori- 

COUNT (earl), comes. 

Countess, comes (by birth) ; couiitis uxor 
(by marriage). 

COUNT (number, tell), numero, di- 
numero, annumero. — He counted the 
number of the prisoners, captivos or cap- 
tivorum numerum recensuit. — Twice 
a day they count their cattle, bis die nume- 
rant pecus. — If you can count the num- 
ber of the stars, si Stellas dinumerare 
potes, si siderum numerum subducere 
potes. — To count over, pernumero, re- 

censeo, percenseo, reputo. IT (cast 

up or reckon), computo, rationem inire, 
computare, supputare ; ad calculum 

vocare, revocare ; subducere. 

IT (esteem or judge), arbitror, judico, 
existimo ; statuo, decerno, duco. puto, 
pono, numero, habeo. — He 'counts 
nothing good but virtue, nihil ducit in 

bonis prater virtutem 1 count it sure, 

pro certo habeo. — He counts him one of 
the eloquent, eum reponit in numero elo- 
quentium. — He counts himself sure of it, 
rem futuram prsesumit. — He is counted 
for an enemy, in numero hostium babe- 
tur. — He is counted rash, famam temeri- 
tatis subit. 

Counting, numeratio, computatio. 

Counting-house, tractatorium mercato- 
ris. — room, tabularium mercatoris. 

Counter, calculus; (box for cash), locu- 
lus ; (counter in a shop), mensa, abacus. 

Countless, innumerabilis. 

COUNTENANCE, vultus, aspectus, oris 
habitus. — He sets his countenance, vul- 
tum sibi componit. — His countenance 
comes and goes, constat ei nee color nee 
vultus. — A cheerful countenance, vultus 
hilaris, lnetus, serenus. — Handsome, 
vultus decorus, formosus, pulcher, spe- 
ciosus, venustus. — sour, vultus torvus, 

tristis, tetricus. — crabbed, frons cape- 
rata, severa. — grave, vultus or frons 
gravis. — homely, facies invenusta, vul- 
tus deformis. — Out of countenance, per- 
turbatus, confusus. — To put out of 
countenance, ruborem alicui incutere ; 
percello, perturbo. — Sadness of coun- 
tenance, vultus tristis. — A stately, dis- 
dainful countenance, supercilium. — To 
change one's countenance, vultum mu- 
tate, vultum novum induere ; rubore 
suffundi. — To keep one's countenance, 
eundem vultum servare, colorem non 
mutare. IF (credit), existimatio : (fa- 
vor, help), favor, gratia; auctoritas ; 
suffragatio ; auxilium. — To give conn 
tenance to, alicui favere, alicujus cceptis 
adspirare. — To keep one in countenance 
auxilior, adjuvo. 

To Countenance (favor, further), juvo, 
adjuvo, augeo, adaugeo, faveo (rei or 
homini), foveo (rem), alicui consilio, 
studio, opera adesse, alicui suffragan, 
alicui studere. 

COUNTER, s. See under Count. 

COUNTER, adj. contrarius, oppositus : 
adv. contra, e contrario, exopposito. — 
To run counter, aliorsum tendere, aliud 

COUNTERACT, obviam ire, occurrere, 
alicui rei ; impedire ; vim contrariam 

COUNTERBALANCE, a?quo, adrequo, 
exasquo, compenso ; parem, sequalem 

COUNTERCHARGE, v. crimen ab accu- 
satore sibi illatum in ipsum accusatorem 

COUNTERFEIT, adj. (not genuine), 
adulterinus, falsus ; subjectus^supposi 
tus ; alienus (e. g. sub alieno nomine) ; 
simulatus (pretended) ; fucatus, fucosus 
(varnished over) ; fallax (deceitful) : — 
(insincere), falsus, fallax, dolosus : — 
(untrue), falsus, rictus, commentitius 
adumbratus. — money, numi adulterini 
— countenance, vultus Actus, composi- 

tus. — tears, lacrimse coactas. 

1T (copied), expressus. 

Counterfeit, subst. (cheat), homo fallax 
fraudulentus ; (loriting), tabulae falsae 
(color), fucus ; (resemblance), vera iina 
go ; (pretence), simulatio, species. 

To Counterfeit (imitate), imitor, imi- 
tando aliquid efnngere or exprimere 
(pretend), simulo, pratendo ; (color 
over), fuco, infuco ; (conceal), dissimu- 

Io, celo; obtego. IF To counterfeit a 

writing, chirograph urn alicujus imitari, 
imitando adulterare. — money, numum 

adulterare. IT (forge), commentor, 

fingo, aflingo, connngo; comminiscor, 
subdo : (resemble), similem esse ; referre. 

Counterfeiter (pretender), fictor, simu- 
lator ; (imitator), imitator. — of money, 
numorum adulterator. — of wills, testa- 
mentarius. — of sis-natures, falsarius. — 
of a seal, signator falsus. 

Counterfeiting (pretending), simulatio; 
(imitating), imitatio ; (forging), adul- 
teratio. — of money, numorum adultera- 

COUNTERMAND, v. aliter or contra 
prsecipere ; imperium mutare. — sol- 
diers, milites revocare ab aliqua re. 

Countermand, subst. imperium muta- 

COUNTERMARCH, s. itertransversum ; 

COUNTERMARK, signum mutuum. 

COUNTERMINE, cuniculus transver- 
sus, Liv. 

To Countermine, transversis cuniculis 
hostium cuniculos excipere. 

COUNTERPANE, stragulum lecti supe- 

COUNTERPART. — To be the counter- 
part of a thing, alicui rei similem esse ; 
alicui rei respondere. 

COUNTERPOISE, sacoma, rcquipondi- 

To Counterpoise, libro, contra pondero. 

COUNTERPOISON, antidotus. 


COUNTERVAIL, compenso, penso. 

COUNTRY, terra, regio. — Persons that 
know the country very well, periti regio- 
num. — One's native country, patria, na- 
tale solum. — Of or belonging to one's 
country, patrius ; vernaculus. — It is 
an honor to die for one's country, decorum 

est pro patria mori. — To flee from one's 
country, patriam fugere; solum mutare 
(go into exile). — One born in a country, 
indigena: — in another country, alieni- 
gena. — Of what country! cujas? — Of 
our own country, nostras. — Of your 
country, vestras. — - TF The country, rus ; 
agri. — To live in the country, ruri vive- 
re or vitam agere. — To dwell there for 
pleasure, rusticari. — To collect from the 
country, ex agri concurrere. 4 coun- 
try-estate, country-seat, pradium rusti- 
cum ; fundus ; villa ; rus. — Of or be- 
longing to the country, rusticus, rustica- 
nus, agrestis. 

Countryman, paganus, homo rusticus ; 

pi. pagani, rustici, agrestes. IT (of 

the same country), popularis, qui in ea- 
dem civitate natus est, civis. — Our 
countryman, nostras ; popularis noster ; 
pi. populares or homines nostri, nostri, 

Country-like, rustice. 

COUNTY, cornitatus. 

COUPLE (pair), bini, par, juguin. — A 
married couple, conjuges ; mariti. — By 

couples, bini. IT A couple for dogs, 

canum copula or vinculum. 

To Couple (join together), copulo, jungo, 
conjungo. — To couple together in matri- 
mony, connubio or matrimonio jungere. 

IT To couple (v. n.) as birds, socium 

or consortem deligere. 

Couplet, distichon, Mart. 

COURAGE, animus, animus fortis, forti- 
tudo, spiritus, virtus. — He has courage 
enough, in isto satis est animi. — Coiir- 
age ! or, be thou of good courage! macte! 
age! agedum ! es bono animo! — To 
give or inspire one with courage, anirrmm 
addere, incendere, excitare, confirmare. 

— To break or lessen one's courage, ani- 
mum debilitare ; frangere. — To lose 
courage, langueo, despondeo ; relan- 
guesco, animo concidere or deficere ; 
animum abjicere, demittere. — To take 
courage, animum recipere or erigere ; 
an i mos revocare ; bono or forti esse 
animo. — Want of courage, animi lan- 
guor, animus enervatus, remissus, Ian 
guens, parvus, pusillus. — Without 
courage, abjecte, ignave, timide. 

Courageous, fortis, strenuus, animosus, 
intrepidus, alacer, impiger ad labores 

Courageously, fortiter, strenue, aninio- 
se, viriliter, acriter, fidenter, magno 

COURIER, nuntius expeditus ; cursor ; 
eques citatus ; veredarius. 

COURSE (turn), vicissitude — To do by 
course, alternare, alternis vicibus aliquid 
agere. — To succeed by course, alter- 
nis vicibus succedere. — By course, al- 

terne, invicem, alternis vicibus. 

IT (way, means), via, iter, ratio ; cursus, 
tenor. — We will take another course, 
alii aggrediemur via.. — / let him take 
his course, sivi ut animum expleret 
suum. — I know not what course to take, 
prorsus egeo consilii. — That is the 
safest course, id tutissimum est. — What 
course shall we take! quae ratio est ine- 
unda nobis ? — Take your own course, 
tuo utere instituto. — Bad courses, mo- 
res perditi, corrupti ; flagitia. — To fol- 
low the course of the times, tempori 
servire ; fluvio secundo ferri. — A 
course of life, vita; institutum, via or 
ratio. — I must take another course of 
life, alio more mihi est vivendum. — 
You follow the same course still, eandem 
illam antiquam rationem obtines, anti- 
quum tenes. IF (custom), mos. — Of 

course, ex or de more. — This is the 
course of the toorld, ita mos nunc viget. 

— It is my common course, solens meo 
more facio. — Words of course, sollem- 

nia verba, verba dicis causa facta. 

TF (running), cursus, decursus, procur- 
sus ; curriculum (race-course). — I have 

finished my course, cursum confeci,viven- 

di curriculum confeci. IF A course 

of meats, ferculum. — The second, mensa 

secunda ; bellaria. 1T (order), ordo, 

series.— Out of course, extra ordinem. 

— By course of nature, ritu natura. 

IT Thecoxirse of water, fluminis ductus. — 

A water-course, fluinen vivnm. 

IT The moon's courses, lunaa luminum 

4 X 




To Course a hare, leporem canibus insec- 

tari or venari. IT To course or run 

up and down, ultro citroque discurrere, 
palari, vagari. 
Courser, veredus ; sonipes. 
COURT, subst. (open space), area, propa- 
tulum ; cavasdium (within the house). 
- — IT (of a prince), aula; regia, pala- 
tium, (palace) ; aulici (courtiers). — The 
royal court, aula regia. — Court-favor, 
aulse aura, favor principis. — Of a 

court, aulicus ; regius. IT To pay 

court to one, aliquem cultu quodam et 
honore prosequi ; se alicui venditare ; 

aliquam colere. IT (court of law), 

judicium (the place and persons) ; ju- 
dices (the judges) ; tribunal (tribunal), 
subsellia (benches) ; forum (public place 
xohere causes were tried). — Court-day, 
dies judicii; pi. dies fasti. — room, trac- 

tatorium To hold a court, jus dicere ; 

forum agere ; conventum agere (in a 
province). — Court-matters, res forenses ; 
judicia, -orum. — Pertaining to courts, 
forensis ; judicialis. 

To Court. See pay one's court to. 

IT (woo), puellam or virginem nuptiis 

ambire. IT (seek), petere, appetere, 

sequi, sectari, consectari, captare, au- 
Courteous (civil), humanus, urbanus, 
comis, facilis : (gentle), candidus, mitis 
lenis : (kind), liberalis, beneficus, muni 
ficus ; amicus, benignus, commodus 
(fair-spoken), blandus: (obliging), offici- 
osus. — Very courteous, perhumanus, 
perurbanus, perblandus, percomis. 
Courteously, afTabiliter, comiter, hu- 
maniter, officiose, urbane, belle; be- 
nigne, blande, eleganter. — Very, per- 
benigne, perofficiose. 
Courtesan, meretrix, scortum. 
Courtesy (civility, kindness), humanitas, 
urbanitas; facilitas, benignitas ; offici- 
um. — To hold upon courtesy, precario 
possidere. — He always used his friends 
with courtesy, amicos semper facilitate at- 
que indulgentia tractavit. — Void of cour- 
tesy, i nurbanus, rusticus, agrestis. TT'^2 

courtesy (good turn), beneficium, offici- 
um. — Common courtesies, officia urbana. 
— You will do me a great courtesy, per- 
gratum mihi feceris. — / will be glad to 
do you any courtesy, tibi lubens benefe- 
cerim. — To do one a courtesy, benefici- 
um in aliquem conferre, bene de aliquo 
mereri, aliquem beneficio afficere ; ve- 
niam dare, Nepos. — To repay a courte- 
sy, gratiam alicui referre, reponere, re- 
pendere. — To make a courtesy, poplitem 
flectere ; genua submittere. 
Courtier, aulicus; homo aulee ingenio 

accommodatus ; homo call id us. (in 

effeminate courtier, homo bellus or deli- 
cat ul us. 
Courtier-like, aulice. 
Court-like, elegans, politus. 
Courtly, humKnus, urbanus, comis, faci- 
lis, officiosus. 
Courtliness, urbanitas, humanitas. 
Courtship (wooing), sollicitatio, ambi- 
COUSIN, patruelis, frater patruelis, soror 
patruelis, (father's brother's child) : ami- 
tinus, frater or soror amitinus, (father's 
sister's, or mother's brother's child) : con- 
sobrinus, frater or soror consobrinus, 
(mother's sister's child) : — (relative), 
propinquus, cognatus. 
COVENANT, s. conventum, pactum; pac- 
tio, sponsio ; foedus ; votum. 1 cove- 
nant-breaker, fcedifragus. — To stick to 
his covenant, conventis stare, in pactione 
To Covenant, paciscor, stipulor, contra- 
ho, pactionern facere, inducias, pacem, 
societatem pangere ; constituo. — Hav- 
ing covenanted, pactus, depactus. 
COVER, s. operculum, tegmen ; (of a 
letter or book), involucrum. IT (pre- 
tence), causa, nomen, simulatio, praetex- 
tus, obtentus. See Cloak. 
To Cover, tego, intego, protego, operio, 
cobperio, velo, advelo ; vestio: (con- 
ceal), celo, occulto. — To cover all about, 
circumtego, circurnobruo, circumvestio. 
— To cover before, praetego. — To cover 
(disguise), alicui rei speciem or alienam 
formam inducere. — To cover (as a bed), 
sterno. — To cover over, obduco, obte- 
go, obumbro, superintego, superimpono, 

supersterno; obruo (overwhelm, bury). 

— To cover a table, mensam instruere. 

— Be covered, operi caput. — Covered 
(with earth), obrutus, defossus. — with 
feathers, plumis obductus, plumatus. 

Covering (the act), obductio : (thething), 
tegmen, velamen ; tegumentum, vela- 
mentum, integumentum, operimentum. 

1 covering of arras, peristroma. — The 

covering of a bed, stragulum. — of a house, 

tectum. IT (clothing), amictus, vesti- 

tus: (hiding), pratextus, simulatio : (of 
defence), munimentum. 

Coverlet, stragula, stragulum, instra- 
tum, stratum; velamen; opertorium. 

— A coarse coverlet, teges. 
Covert, adj. tectus. 
Covert for beasts, latibulum, cubile, 

specus. IT (defence), presidium. 

Covertly (secretly), clam, clanculum, 
tecte, abdite, tacite, dissimulanter. 

COVET, cupio, appeto, inhio ; aveo. — 
earnestly, sitio, concupisco, percupio ; 
expeto. — Coveted, cupitus, concupitus, 

Coveting, cupiditas, appetitus, appetitio, 

Covetous (avaricious), avarus ; auri, pe- 
cuniae or divitiarum cupidus, avidus or 
appetens. — Somewhat covetous, parcus, 
ad rem attentior, tenax. — - Very covet- 
ous, valde avarus. 

Covetously, avare, avide, cupide. 

Covetousness, avaritia, pecuniae aviditas 
or cupiditas ; argenti sitis, auri fames. 

COVEY of partridges, perdicum poli- 
ties or grex. 

COVIN, collusio, prevaricatio ; fraus. — 
By covin, fraude, fraudulenter, dolose. 

COW, vacca ; bos (femina). 1 young 

cow, juvenca, bucula. 4 cow with calf, 

forda. — Of a cow, vaccinus, bubulus. 

— A cow-house, bubile. — Cow-dung, 
fimus bubulus. 6. cow-herd, bubulcus. 

— A cow-calf, vitula. 
COW, v. alicui timorem injicere or me- 

tum incutere. — To be cowed, obtorpeo. 
Coward, (homo) ignavus, timidus, 

iners. — To play the coward, timide 

Cowardice, Cowardliness, ignavia, 

timiditas, timor. 
Cowardly, ignavus, timidus, iners. — 

In a cowardly manner, ignave, timide. — 

A more cowardly death, segnior mors. 
COWER down, conquinisco, subsido, in 

genua subsidere. 
COWL, monachi cucullus. 
COWSLIP, primula officinalis. 
COXCOMB (comb of a cock), crista 

galli IT Fig. homo putidus ; trossu- 

lus ; homo ineptus, vaniloquus, lingua 

Coxcomical, ineptus, putidus 
COY (shy), verecundus, timidus, subti- 

midus (coyish) ; (disdainful, prudish), 

saevus, frigidus. 
Coyness, verecundia, timiditas; Simula 

tus pudor, saevitia. 
COZEN, decipio, fallo, fraudo, defraudo 

— He cozens him before his face, perstrin- 
git illi ocul 

Cozenage, fraudatio, circumscriptio, de- 
ceptio ; fraus, dolus. 

Cozener, fraudator, planus, circum 

scriptor, homo fraud ulentus. Q.n old 

cozener, veterator 

CRAB (fruit), malum silvestre. — A 

crab-tree, malus silvestris. IT A crab 

or crabbed fellow, difficilis, morosus.— 
IT A crab-fish, cancer. 

Crabbed (sour), acerbus, asper, durus, te 
tricus, immitis ; (in look), torvus, tristis, 
trucnlentus ; (wayward), morosus, diffi- 
cilis. — He is a crabbed fellow, sinapi 
victitat. — Somewhat crabbed, submoro- 

sus. 1T (obscure), difficilis, obscurus, 


Crabbedly, aspere, morose, torve, trucu- 
lenter. — To look crabbedly, torva tu- 

Crabbedness (sourness), asperitas, diffi- 
cultas, austeritas, severitas, torvitas ; 

truculentia. IT Crabbedness of style, 

tortuosum dicendi genus. 

CRACK (chink, flaw), rima, fissura 

It sounds as if it. had a crack in it, sonat 

vitium. 1T A crack (noise), crepitus, 

fragor, sonitus fragilis. 

To Crack (break a thing), collido, frango, 
rumpo, findo, 

diminuam tibi cerebrum. — nuts, mices 
frangere. — -IT To crack or crackle, crepo, 
crepito, sonitum fragilern dare ; sono. 

— The boat cracked under them, gemuit 
sub pondere cymba. — The great Sejanus 
crackles in the fire, crepat ingens Sejanus. 

— To crack a whip, insonare flagello. — 
To crack the knuckles, infringere articu- 

los. .IT To crack (chink), dehisco, 

fatisco ; rimas agere. — The earth cracks, 

tellus rimas agit. IT To crack one's 

credit, conturbo, foro cedere. 1T To 

crack or boast, glorior, jacto ; se osten- 
tare or, venditare. — He cracks of his 

kindred, genus crepat IT To crack 

or burst, dissilio. 

Crack-brained, insanus, vesanus, cerri- 

Cracker (squib), say pyrobolum ludicrum. 

IT JYut-cr acker, nucifrangibulum. 

Crackle. See Crack. 
Cracknel, crustulum, libum ; collyra. 
CRADLE, cunae, cunabula. — To rock the 
cradle, cunas infantis movere. — From 
the cradle, a primis cunabulis ; inde ab 
To Cradle, in cunas condere ; motis cu- 

nis sopire. 
CRAFT, astutia, calliditas; astus, versu- 
tia, vafrities : (cunning trick), consili- 
um, callidum inventum, dolus, ars, ar- 

tificium. — By craft, astu ; subdole. 

TT (trade), ars (sordida), artificium (ne- 
cessarium), ars operosa. 
Craftsman, artifex, opifex. 
Crafty, astutus, vafer, versutus, callidus, 
cautus: (deceitful), subdolus, dolosus, 
fraudulentus ; insidiosus. — A crafty 
talker, versutiloquus. — Crafty knaves, 
tenebriones. — A crafty fellow, versi- 
pellis. — An old crafty fox, vetera- 

Craftily (cunningly), astute, callide, 
vafre, versute, subdole, veteratorie ; 
dolose, insidiose, nequiter; sollerter: 
(workmanlike), affabre. 

Craftiness, calliditas, astutia, versutia, 

CRAG (rock), rupes praerupta, cautes, 

Craggy (rocky), praruptus, confragosus, 
fragosus ; (rough), asper, salebrosus. 

Craggedness, asperitas. 

CRAM (stuff), farcio, infarcio, refercio, 
confercio ; saturo. — To cram (poultry), 
sagino. — To cram one's self, se ingurgi- 
tare. — Crammed, saginatus, fartus, re- 

fertus, altilis. IT To cram together, 

stipo, constipo. 

CRAMP, spasmus, nervorum distentio ; 
tetanus, rigor nervorum. — To be taken 
with the cramp, spasmo corripi, spasmo 
cruciari. — Troubled with the cramp, 
spasticus, spasmo laborans or vexatus. 

IT (cramp-iron), fibula, confibula, 

uncus, uncinus ; subscus ferrea (of two 

To Cramp, convello, contorqueo; (confine), 
coerceo, coarcto, angusto, contraho, in 
angustum concludere, vinculis astringe- 
re ; (with an iron), fibulo. 

CRANCH, dentibus frangere, allidere. 

CRANE (bird), grus (ardea grus, L.). — 

A small crane, vipio. II (instrument 

to draw up heavy goods), machina tracto- 

CRANK, manubrium.— Turned by a crank, 
manubriatus. IT (winding), flexus. 

To Crankle, flexuoso cursu ferri ; erro- 
rem volvere, Liv. 

Crankles, flexus, pi. — Full of crankles, 
flexuosus, tortuosus. 

CRANNY, rima, fissura. 

CRAPE, textum subcrispum, quod nostri 
vocant crape. 

CRASH, v. n. fragorem dare. — Crashing, 

Crash, subst. fragor 

CRATCH, crates. 

CRAVAT, focale. 

CRAVE (beg), peto, rogo, obsecro ; lm- 
ploro: (demand), postulo, deposco ; im- 
portunately, efflagito. — often, rogito. 

1T (long for), ardenter cupere, cu- 

piditate alicujus rei flagrare, sitio, 
sitienter expetere. 

Craving, importunus ; (covetous), avarus, 
avidus, cupidus. 

Cravingly, avide, cupide, avare. 

CRAVEN,- ignavus. 

Iwiii'crack your skull, CRAW (of a bird), inghivies; guttur. 




CRAW-FISH, cancer fluviatilis (cancer I 

astacus, L.). 
CRAWL, serpo, repo, repto. — on all fours, 
manibus pedibusque incedere, serpere, 

repere ; quadrupedera ire. IT (have 

a crawling itch), formicare ; vermicare. 
CRAYON, xerographum. — To paint in 

crayon, aridis coloribus pingere. 
CRAZE (break, bruise), quasso, confringo ; 
(make one crazy), alicui mentem extur- 
bare, aliquem mente privare. — Crazed 
(broken, weak), fractus, senio or valetu- 
dine confectus ; (crack-brained), insa- 
nus, mente captus, delirus. 
Crazy (somewhat sickly), debilis, imbecil- 
lus, irifirmus; (ready to fall), caducus, 
infirmus, fragilis. — A crazy building, 
aedificiumruinam minans. IT (crack- 
brained), see Crazed. 
Craziness of body, corporis imbecillitas 
or infirmitas. — of mind, animi debili- 
las or infirmitas ; insania, deliratio, 
mentis alienatio. 
CREAK, strideo ; (as a cricket), grillo. — 

Creaking, stridulus. 
Creaking, s. stridor. 

CREAM, lactis flos. IT The cream of 

the jest, &c, joci medulla or acumen. 
To Cream (gather into cream), florem col- 

CREASE, sinus ; ruga (as a fault). 
To Crease (/oZd),plicare ; (wrinkle), cor- 

CREATE, creo, procreo, condo, flngo, 
fabrico, genero ; (excite, produce), mo- 
veo, commoveo, concito, excito, creo ; 
(appoint), creo, facio. 
Creation, creatio, procreatio. IT (ori- 
gin), origo, principium, initium. — From 
the creation (of the world), inde ab homi- 
num memoria, prima ab origine mundi ; 
since it, post hominum memoriam, post 

homines natos. IT (world), mundus, 

universitas rerum. IT The creations 

of men, quae ab hominibus inventa et 
excogitata sunt. 
Creator, procreator, fabricator, artifex, 
conditor, auctor ; parens, genitor. — 
of the world, mundi procreator, effector 
opifex aedificatorque. 
Creative, vim procreandi habens ; sol 

lers, ingeniosus. 
Creature, res ; animal, animans.; homo 
negotium ; puella, virgo ; anima. — 
That lovely creature, ilia suavissima 
puella. — You dear creature! o tu ca- 
rissima anima! 
CREDENCE (authority), auctoritas ; (be- 
lief), fides. — To give credence to a thing. 

credo, fidem habere, adjungere. 

IT Letters of credence, Credentials, liters 
ad fidem faciendam data* ; testimoni- 
um publicum. 
CREDIBLE, credibilis, probabilis, veri- 

Credibility, probabilitas, verisimilitude 
Credibly, credibiliter, probabiliter. 
CREDIT (authority), auctoritas ; gratia 
(influence). — He has lost his credit, ho- 
mo est perdita auctoritate. — That affair 
brought me much credit, id mihi multum 
auctoritatis attulit et fidei. IT (hon- 
or, reputation), fama, existimatio, opi- 
nio ; decus, dignitas, honestas. — It 
had been more for your credit, melius fa- 
mas tuffi consul uisses His credit lay 

at stake, illius existimatio agebatur. — 
Take you the credit of that, gloriam tu 
istam obtine. — Of credit (creditable), 
honorificus, gloriosus, splendidus. — Of 
no credit, infamis, vilis, obscurus, levis, 
levifidus. — To be in credit, in honore or 
in pretio esse. — To be a creditto one, co- 
honesto, nobilito. — To touch one , s credit, 
famam alicujus laedere ; fidem alicui or 
de fama alicujus detrahere. — To grow 
in credit, innotesco, inclaresco, famam 
acquirere, illustrari. — To pawn one's 
credit on a thing, ad se recipere, fidem 
dare or astringere. — Take it on my 
credit, me vide. — One out of credit, 

homo nihili, or vilis. 1T (in traffic), 

fides. — To bay or sell upon credit, mer- 
ces die caica emere or vendere. — TJie 
credit of0e merchants sinks, mercato 
rum fides concidit. — To raise credit 
re vocare fidem ; existimationemaugere 
— To crack his credit, conturbo ; foro 

cedere. If (belief), fides. 

To Credit (give credit to), fidem habere 

licui, confido, credo, accredo, audio, i To Cfisp, rr 

— Can you credit him? est vero huic 
credendum ? IT (grace), orno, de- 
cora, honesto. IT (trust for goods), 

merces alicui in diem vendere, pecunia 
non praesenti vendere. 

Creditable, honestus, decorus ; glorio- 
splendidus, honorificus. 

Creditably, cum honore, illaesa fama. 

Creditor, creditor. — To make one credit- 
or fur, rem acceptam ferre. 

CREDULOUS, credulus. 

Credulousness, Credulity, credulitas. 

CREED, sacrorum formula. 

CREEK, sinus maris : — crepido. 

Creeky, sinuosus. 

CREEP, repo ; serpo. — To creep on tip- 
toe, suspenso gradu placide ire. — Old 
age comes creeping on, sensim, sine sen- 
su aetas senescit ; obrepit non intel- 
lecta senectus. — To creep upon (steal 
upon), obrepo. — along, perrepo, repto. 

— forth, proserpo. — forward, prorepo. 

— into, irrepo, irrepto. — / will creep 
into some corner, in angulum aliquo 
abibo. — To creep into acquaintance or 
favor, in amicitiam or familiaritatem 
alicujus se insinuare ; gratiam ab ali- 
quo inire, gratiam captare. — To creep 
towards, adrepo. — upon, alicui rei ine- 
pere. — unawares, or from under, subrepo 

— Creeping, serpens, repens. fl creep- 
ing thing, animal repens. — Falsely crept 

in, surreptitius. IT (fawn), alicui 

blandiri, adulari, assentari, palpari 

Creeping, s. reptatio, reptatus. 

CRESCENT (half moon), luna falcata, 
lunee crescentis cornua. 

CRESSES, lepidium (L.). — garden, le 
pidium sativum (L.). — water, sisym 
brium nasturtium (L.). 

CREST (of a helmet), crista ; (of a cock) 
crista, juba; (of a horse), juba. — A 
small crest, cristula. — To set up his crest, 
cristas attollere. — Having a crest, crista- 

tus. IT The crest of a coat of arms 

insignium gentilitiorum apex galea 

Crest-fallen, demissus, qui animo de 
misso et abjecto est, jacens. 

Crestless, ignobilis. 

CREVICE, rima, fissura. 

CREW, multitudo, caterva, globus, grex 

manus, turba. & ship's crew, nautae ; 


CREWEL, glomus. 

CRIB, prassepe. 

Cribbed, in angustum coactus. 

CRICKET (insect), gryllus. — To chirp 

like a cricket, gryllo. IT (little stool), 

sella humilior. 

CRIME, crimen, noxa, delictum, admis- 
sum, maleficium ; scelus, nefas. — A 
capital crime, facinus capitale ; to be 
such, capitale or capital esse. — A 
glaring or grievous crime, atrox flagi- 
tium, immane scelus. — A heinous 
crime, flagitium, scelus, facinus atrox; 
nefas. — To commit a crime, maleficium 
or facinus admittere, committere ; sce- 
lus facere, committere. 

Criminal, adj. scelestus, nefarius ; faci- 
norosus : — nocens, sons : — crimina- 
lis, capitalis. — action, process, causa 
publica or capitalis ; lis capitis. — court, 
judicium publicum ; judicium capitis. 

— law, jus publicum. 

Criminal, s. (one accused), reus : (guilty), 
nocens, sons ; qui scelus fecit ; malefi- 

Criminally, sceleste, nefarie, facinorose. 

CRIMSON, coccum. IT adj. coccineus ; 


CRINGE, v. corpus inclinare : fig. alicui 
or aliquem adulari. 

Cringing, adj. humillimus ; ambitiosus : 
subst. adulatio humilis ; blanditias ver- 

CRIPPLE, homo mancus ac debilis, ho- 
mo claudus ac debilis, homo omnibus 
membris debilis, pede, etc. debilis. — in 
old cripple, silicernium. 

To Cripple, alicujus brachium, pedem, 
etc. debilitare ; omnibus membris de- 
bilem facere. — Crippled, brachio, pede, 
etc. captus ; membris debilis. 

CRISIS, discrimen; momentum ; — criti- 
ca morbi accessio ; dies crisimus. 

CRISP (brittle), fragilis ; friabilis. 

IT (curled), tortus, calamistratus, cris- 
patus, crispus. 




vibro. — A 

crisped lock, cincinnus. — Having crisped 
hair, cincinnatus. — A crisping-pin or 
iron, calamistrum. 

CRITERION, signum, nota, indicium; 
quod proprium est ; quasi obrussa. 

CRITIC, judex criticus, criticus ; censor, 
judex doctus ; homo artis criticae studi- 
osus. — A critic or judicious person, homo 
judicii subtilis or acuti. 

Critical, criticus; acutus : — (doubtful, 
Sec), anceps, dubius, incertus. — Crit- 
ical days (in a distemper), dies crisimi. 

— condition, res dubiae ; discrimen. 
Critically, accurate; censoris or casti- 

gatoris instar ; excusse. 

To Criticise, judicare; aliquid exami- 
nare : reprehendere, carpere ; censuram 
agere, alicujus scripta censoria virgula 

Criticism, critice, ars critica, critica ra- 
tio, res critica. 1T A criticism, cen- 


CROAK (as a raven), crocito ; (as a frog), 

CROCK (earthen pot), olla fictilis ; (soot), 
fuligo, nigror. 

CROCODILE, crocodilus. IT Crocodile 

tears, lacrimae fictae. 

CROFT (small close), agellus. 

CRONE, anicula decrepita. 

CRONY, congeiTO, amicus intimus. 

CROOK (of a shepherd), pedum ; (the 

augur's staff), lituus. 1T By hook or 

by°crook, per fas aut nefas; quo jure 
quaque injuria. 

To Crook, v. a. flecto, inflecto ; curve, 
incurvo: — v. n. flector, curvor. 

Crook-backed, gibber, gibbus. 

Crook-legged, valgus, varus. - 

Crooked, curvus, incurvus, flexus, pra- 
vus, distortus, contortus, tortuosus, 
aduncus, uncus ; sinuosus : (stooping 
forward), incurvus; (inward,) pandus: 
(bending backwards), repandus,reciuvas. 

— A crooked hand (in writing), litera 

vacillans. 9. crooked nose, simus. — 

Having a nose crooked upwards, simo, 
simus°naso sursum versus repando. — 
One that has crooked ankles, scaurus. 

— Crooked-footed, pedibus distortis. 

Crookedly, flexuose, curve, oblique. 

Crookedness, curvatura, curvamen, cur- 
vitas, aduncitas. 

CROP (of com, &c), messis; proventua. 

4 latter crop, messis serotina. 

IT (of a bird), ingluvies. 

To Crop, carpo.— off, decerpo, praecerpo, 
praecido, tondeo, puto. — To crop or 
gather flowers, flores carpere, decerpere, 

Crop-eared, auribus mutilatus. 

CROSIER, lituus episcopi. 

CROSS (for malefactors), crux. — The 
sign of the cross, crucis figura. (See 
Crucify.) — Cross-wise, in crucis speciem 
(like a cross) ; in decussem or -es, de- 
cussatim, (like an X). — To sit cross- 
legged, crucibus decussatis sedere. 

^(disappointment), malum, casus adver- 
sus, adversa fortuna, incommodum, res 

incommoda. IT A cross or monument 

set up in the way, stela. 

Cross (contrary), oppositus, perversus, 
adversus. — - We had such cross weather 
all the time, ita usque adversa tempes- 

tate usi sumus. IT (cross-grained, 

peevish), morosus, difficilis. — Somezohat 

cross, submorosus. IT (untoward), 

perversus, pervicax, contumax. 

IT (ai/twart), transversus, obliquus. — He 
drazes trenches cross the ways, fossas 
transversas viis perducit. TT Cross- 
keys, claves decussates.— bow, arcubal- 
lista. — way, via transversa, trames 
transversus, limes transversus. — Cross- 
purposes, res contrarian. 

To Cross (disappoint), frustror, deludo. 
IT To cross one or be cross unto, ali- 
cui adversari or contravenire ; alicui 
molestiam exhibere. — J cannot abide to 
cross my children, non possum adversari 
meis. — To cross or vex one, alicui 
stomachum movere, bilem excitare. 
TT To cross (sign tcith a cross), sig- 
num crucis appingere. IT To cross 

or cross over (a river, &c), trano, tra- 
jicio. transeo. — He permitted our army 
to cross his dominions, nostrum exerci- 
tum per fines suos transmisit. — To 
cross the way, transmeo, permeo ; 
transeo. *fT To cross out, obhtero, 




deleo, expungo, induce IT (make 

crossicise), decussare, like an X. 

Crossing, s. repugnantia, repulsa. — over, 
trajectio. — out, obliteratio. 

Crossly (untowardly), perverse, morose 5 
(unfortunately), male, infeliciter, in- 

Crossness, pervicacia, morositas, perver- 
sitas, protervitas. 

CROTCH, furca. 

CROTCHET, say semiminima: (in print- 
ing), uncinus. See Caprice. 

CROUCH (stoop down), conquinisco, sub- 
sldo, succumbo; (fawn), adulari aliquem 
or alicui. 

Crouching, s. adulatio, sui demissio. — 
With crouching and creeping, submisse, 

CROW, s. cornix. — A young crow, corni- 

cula. 9 scare-crow, formido. YvA 

crow of iron, vectis ferreus. 

CROW", v. (as a cock), cano, canto. — The 
young cock crows after the old one, natu- 
re sequitur semina quisque sure. 

IT (vapor), jacto, glorior; se efferre. 

CROWD, subst. turba ; magna frequentia : 
— (great number), copia, vis, magnus Hu- 
merus, acervus, turba. — To get into a 
crowd, turba conferta premi. — To be in 
a crowd, in turba consistere. — To get 
out of a crowd, ex turba se expedire. 

To Crowd, premo, arcto. — To crowd up, 
coarcto, coangusto, stipo, constipo. — 
Crowded full, celebritate refertissimum. 

CROWN, corona; strophium, corolla. — 
Wearing one, coronatus. (See Corona, 

in the Lexicon.) IT (as the badge of 

royalty), corona (but not of the ancients, 
ofiohom we must use fascia or diadema), 
insigne capitis, insigne regium ; (for 
sovereignty), regnum, summa rerum, 
irnperium. — A small crown, corona par- 
va. — To deprive one of his crown, regnum 
alicui auferre, eripere. — The crown 
passes to one, imperium transit ad ali- 
quem. — The crown-lands, prsedia publi- 
ca. 1T The crown of the head, vertex. 

— of a hill, mons summns, montis cul- 
men. — From crown to toe, a capillo us- 
que ad ungues, a vertice ad talos. 

IT Modesty is the crown of virtue, pudor 
primus est virtutis lionos. — This is the 
crown of our rejoicing, cumulum gaudii 

nobis hoc affert. IT (crown-piece), 

numus regius. 

To Crown, coronare : fig. cumulare ali- 
qua re. — The end crowns the work, exi- 
tus acta probat. — Success crowned the 
enterprise, res prospere successit, eve- 
nit. — May heaven crown your wishes 

with success, dii dent quas velis. 

IT (of the royal croion,) insigne regium 
capiti alicujus imponerej regnum ac 
diadema (or et coronam) ad aliquem de- 

ferre. 9 crowned head, princeps, rex, 


CRUCIFY, crucifigo, cruci aliquem affige- 
re or suffigere ; cruce afficere, in cru- 
cem agere or tollere. 

Crucifixion, crucis supplicium. 

Crucifix, Christi cruci affixi imago. 

CRUDE (raw), crudus ; fig. indigestus, 
incompositus, rudis. 

Crudely, immature 

Crudity, Crudeness, cruditas. 

CRUEL, crudelis, dirus, durus, ferox ; 
atrox; inhuinanus, saevus, truculentus, 
trux, ferus, immanis, ferreus, immitis : 

— (bloody), cruentus, sanguineus. — A 
■more cruel enemy, tetrior hostis. 

Cruelly, atrociter, crudeliter, ferociter, 
inhumaniter, truculenter. — To be cruelly 
bent against one, inimico atque infesto 
animo aliquem insectari. 

Cruelty, immanitas, crudelitas, feritas, 
atrocitas, saevitia, truculentia, ferocitas, 
ferocia, inhumanitas. 

CRUET, ampnllula,laguncula. —for oil, 
lecythus, guttus. 

CRUISE, hue illuc navigare ; mari vaga- 
ri, pervagari mare. — for booty, praedor. 

Cruiser (ship), navis pradatoria. 

CRUM, CRUMB, mica. - The crumbs, 

frustula ; reliquiae: IT The crumb 

(soft part) of bread, mollis pars panis, 
panis mollia (n. pi.). 

To Crumb, Crumble, frio, comminuo, 
contero. — To crum in, intero, infrio. — 

That may be crumbled, friabilis. T[To 

crumble (fall into crumbs), frior, se friare. 

CRUMPLE, ruga. 

To Crumple, corrugo ; (be crumpled), cor- 
rugor. — Crumpled, rugosus, tortilis. 

CRUNCH, dentibus frangere: 

CRUPPER (rump), clunis ; (for a horse), 

CRURAL, cruralis. 

CRUSE, pocillum, simpulum, urceolus. 

CRUSADE, bellum pro sacris Christianis 

CRUSH, comminuo, contundo, contero, 
obtero, protero ; elido : — fig. exstin- 
guere, opprimere, comprimere ; (break), 
deprimere, frangere ; (ruin), perdere, 
pessum dare, praecipitare, profligare. 

CRUST, crusta. 9 little crust, crustula. 

To Crust, v. a. crusto, incrusto, crusta 
obducere, rei crustam inducere. — To 
crust over, (be crusted over), incrustari ; 
crusta tegi or obduci. 

Crusted, Crustaceous, cru status ; crus- 

Crusty (crabbed), tetricus, morosus, ira- 

CRUTCH, baculus. — To go on crutches, 
baculis levare membra. 

To Crutch, baculis aliquem fulcire. 

CR^, clamo, vocifero, exclamo,proclamo, 
conclamo (of several), clamorem edere 
or tollere ; plorare ; quiritare ; eroci- 
tare (of the raven), rudere (of the ass). 

— Every body cries shame on it, clamant 
omnes indignissime factum. — What 
did you cry out fori quid vociferabare ? 

— They cried him mercy, ut ignosceretur 
(verb impers.) petiverunt. — He cried out 
like a woman, muliebriter yociferabat. — 
I cried out aloud, clamorem satis mag- 
num sustuli. — To cry after the dam, 
matrem desiderare. — To cry against, 
reclame — To cry or weep aloud, ejulo. 

— To cry out to a person, aliquem incla- 
mare. — To cry out earnestly, vehemen- 
ter or summa. contentione clamare. — 
To cry out upon, exclamo ; contra or in 
aliquem declamare. — To cry out often, 
clamito ; conclamito. — To cry fire, ig- 
nem conclamare. — To cry out for help, 
auxilium implorare or petere ; quiritare. 

— To cry out victory, victoriam concla- 
mare. — To cry out against a person, ali- 
quem allatrare, objurgare ; in aliquem 
invehi. — To cry out in token of approba- 
tion, acclamo. — To cry together, con- 
clamo. — To cry (lament), ploro, plora- 
tum edere ; lamentor : (weep), lacri- 
mo or lacrimor, fleo, lacrimas effun- 
dere or profundere. — To cry as a child, 
vagio. — To cry things about the streets, 
res venales clamitare, rerum venalium 

praconium facere. IT To cry one up, 

commendo, laudo, collaudo ; omnia bo- 
na de aliquo dicere, laudibus aliquem 
afficere or efferre ; laudem alicui tribue- 
re or impertire. — To cry one down, in- 
famo, diffamo, vitupero. 

Cry, s. clamor 5 ploratus (icailing). — They 
set up a cry, clamorem edunt, tollunt. — 
Great cry and little wool, parturiunt mon- 
tes, nascitur ridiculus mus. — Hue and 
cry, hominum evocatio ad furem (sica- 
rium) retrahendum. IT The (natu- 
ral) cry (of animals), vox. 

Crier, praeco. — A crier'' s fee or office, pras- 

Crying, s. clamor, vociferatio. 9 crying 

against, reclamatio. — The crying of in- 
fants, vagitus. 9 crying out, exclama- 

tio ; ejulatio. — 9 crying (lamenting), plo- 
ratus, lamentatio ; (weeping), fletus, 
lacrimatio; (shrieking), ululatus; (for 
help), quiritatio. 

CRYSTAL, crystallus. — Crystal cup, po- 
culum crystallinum. 

Crystalline, crystallinus ; vitreus. 

Crystallize, v. a. in rrystallos formare ; 
v.'n. in crystallos abire. 

Crystallization, formatio crystalli. 

CUB, catulus, catellus. — of a bear, catu- 
lus ursinus. — a fox, catulus vulpinus ; 
vulpecula. — a lion, proles leonina. 

CUBE, cubus. — The cube root, radix cu- 

Cubical, Cubic, cubicus ; cubo similis. 

CUBIT, cubitus, cubitum. — Of a cubit, 
cubitalis. — Of two cubits, bicubitalis. — 
Of three, trium cubitorum. 

CUCKOLD, curruca. 

CUCKOO, cnculus. 

CUCUMBER, cucumis. — wild, silvestris. 

CUD, cibus manducatus. — To chew the 
cud, rumino, ruminor. remando. — A 

chewing of the cud, ruminatio. — Beasts 
that chew the cud, bestise ruminales. 

CUDGEL, fustis. — To lay down the cud- 
gel, herbam porrigere ; se victum esse 
fateri. — To take up the cudgels, certa- 
men suscipere. — To play at cudgels, 
fustibus certare. 

To Cudgel one, fuste or fustibus aliquem 
caedere, fustem alicui impingere ; sound- 
ly, aliquem fustibus male mulcare. — 
A cudgelling to death, fustuarium. — The 
blow of a cudgel, ictus baculi or fustis. 

CUE (when to speak), occasio, opportuni- 
tas. — Mind your cue, obsecundato in 
loco. — To give one his cue, alicui innue- 
re ; summonere aliquem. 

CUFF (of a sleeve), manicae limbus or pars 

ima. IT (blow), ictus, plaga. — You 

are too hard for me at cuffs, pugnis plus 

vales. 9 cuff with the fist, colaphus. — 

with the palm, in the face, alapa. 

To Cuff, colaphum alicui impingere, in- 
cutere. — Cuffed, colaphis caesus, con- 

tusus. IT To cuff, v. n. pugnis or 

colaphis contendere. 

CUIRASS, cataphracta. 

Cuirassier, eques cataphractus. 


CULINARY, coquinarius, culinarius. 

CULL, eligo, seligo; deligo; lego. 

CULMINATE, in summo fastigio esse. 

CULPABLE, reprehendendus, reprehen- 
sione dignus. — To be culpable, in cul- 
pa esse, in vitio esse. 

CULPRIT, reus. 

CULTIVATE, colere, excolere, moliri, 
arare, exarare : — fig. colere, excolere, 
operam dare alicui rei, operam et studi- 
um collocare in re. 

Cultivation, Culture, cultio (of the 
field); cultus (of the field and the mind). 
See Civilization. 

CULVER, columba, columbus. 

CUMBER (trouble), alicui molestiam cre- 
are, negotium facessere ; (burden), one- 
ro, gravo ; (hinder), impedio, prapedio, 
impedimento alicui esse. — Cumbered 
(hindered), impeditus ; negotiis implica- 
tus, obrutus or districtus. 

Cumbering, s. impeditio. 

Cumbrance (Amderawce),.impedimentum. 

Cumbersome, Cumbrous, onerosus; mo- 
lestus ; inhabilis (unwieldy). 

CUNNING, adj. (in a good sense), doctus, 
artificiosus, peritus, sollers, ingeniosus ; 
(crafty), versutus, astutus, veterator, 
veteratorius, vafer, dolosus, subdolus. 
— A cunning trick, artificium, dolus, 

Cunning, subst. (skill), artificium, ars, 
peritia, sollertia: (craft), astutia, vafri- 
ties, versutia. 

Cunningly (craftily), vafre, astute, calli- 
de, subdole ; (skilfully), perite, artifici- 
ose, arte summa, docte, affabre, scite. — 
To do a thing cunningly (skilfully), manu 
sollerti aliquid facere ; singulari opere 
artificioque aliquid perficere. — Cun- 
ningly wrought, affabre factus. 

CUP, poculum ; calix. (See Bowl.)— Many 
things chance between the cup and the lip, 
multa cadunt inter calicem supremaque 
labra ; inter os atque escam multa inter- 
venivnt. — A large cup, scyphus. — A 
small one, pocillum. — To take a cup too 
much, largiore vino uti. — In his cups, 
in poculis, inter pocula. — A standing 

cup, crater. 9n earthen cup, poculum 

fictile, Tuscum or Samium. TT (cup- 
ping-glass), cucurbitula. — To apply 
them, cucurbitulas admovere or impone- 
re corpori. 

To Cup, per cucurbitulas alicui sangui- 
nem detrahere. 

Cup-bearer, minister or ministrator 
(vini) ; a cyatho or a potione (sc. ser- 
vus or puer). — To be one, pocula minis- 
trare ; stare a cyatho. 

Cupboard, scrinium. — Of plate or side- 
board, abacus. 9 cupboard for vic- 
tuals, cella penuaria. My belly cries 

cupboard, animus est in patinis ; latrat 

CUPID, Cupido, Amor, amoris deus. 

CUPIDITY, cupiditas, aviditas. 

CUPOLA, turricula a?dificio summo im- 
posita ; tholus. 

CUR, canis gregrarius, villalicus or do- 

Currish. See Churlish. 

CURB, freno, refreno, tempero, moderor ; 




flecto, comprimo, reprimo ; compesco, 
cohibeo, inhibeo, coe'rceo. — To curb a 
person's insolence, alicujus audaciam 
frangere. — one's anger, reprimere ira- 
cundiam. — one's desires, cupiditates 

Curb {for a horse), lupatum. 

Curbing, s. moderatio, coercitio. 

CURD, CURDS, coagulum, lac pressum. 

To Curdle (make curds), lac cogere, con- 
spissare, condensare. — To curdle (be 
curdled), concresco, congelor, coeo. 

Curdling, s. coagulatio. 

CURE (healing), sanatio : (remedy), re- 
medium, medicina, medicamentum. — 
Patience is a cure for all sores, levius fit 
patientia, quidquid corrigere est nefas ; 
in re mala animo si bono utare, javat. 

— It is past cure, actum est, conclama- 

tum est. IT (charge), cura, curatio : 

(benefice), beneficium. 

To Cure, sano, sanum facere aliquem or 
aliquid, mederi alicui or alicui rei, (prop. 
and fig.) ; aliquem ad sanitatem redu- 
cere, perducere, revocare, (fig.). — To 
cure thoroughly, percuro, persano. — If 
it could not cure, si minus sanare potu- 
isset. — What cannot be cured must be 
endured, superanda omnis fortuna feren- 
do est. — No herb will cure love, nullis 

amor est medicabilis herbis. IT (salt, 

pickle), sale condire, muria. condire. 

Curable, sanabilis, quod sanari potest, 

Cureless, insanabilis. 

CURFEW-BELL, campana vespertina. 

CURIOUS (inquisitive), cognitiouis et 
scientias cupidus, discendi cupidus or 
studiosus ; curiosus, nova videndi cu- 
pidus, audiendi cupidus, videndi studi- 
osus : (careful), accuratus, diligens. — 
Curious to see him, ejus videndi cupidus. 

— I am curious to know, exspecto ; miror. 

IT (curiously wrought), affabre fac- 

tus, summa. arte factus. 

Curiously, accurate, diligenter, acri et 
attento animo, curiose, avide ; (skilful- 
ly), affabre, summa or singulari arte, 
summo artificio; (neatly), nitide, scite, 
venuste, eleganter. 

Curiosity, cognitionis et scientiae cupidi- 
tas or amor, veri reperiendi cupiditas, 
discendi studium, audiendi cupiditas; 
curiositas, nova noscendi or videndi stu- 
dium, spectandi studium, exspectatio. 

IT (a rarity), res rara, res visenda, 

res raritate notabilis. 

CURL, cincinnus, cirrus. 

To Curl, v. a. crispo, intorqueo, torqueo. 

— To curl hair, alicujus capillum ca- 
lamistro crispare or torquere. — Curled. 

crispatus, intortus, tortus ;crispus. 1\ 

curling-iron, calamistrum. IT To 

curl or be curled, crispari, intorqueri. 

CURMUDGEON, avarus,tenax,sordidus. 

CURRANTS, uvae Corinthiacas. 

CURRENT (in common use), tritus, vul- 
garis, usitatus, more or usu receptus. — 
To be current, in usu esse ; valere (c. g. 
of coin). — Current money, numi circum- 
foranei. — To be current (as a report), 
vulgo jactari, in ore omnium versari. 

IT The current year, annus vertens, 

hie annus, annus qui volvitur. 

Current, subst. flumen ; cursus. — Fig. 
the current of time, cursus temporis ; 

Currently, vulgo. 

Currency, usus : — fides. — This 7noney 
has obtained currency, pecunia in com 
munem usum venit. — — IT The cur- 
rency, res numaria; also numi. — Of 
what currency ? quo genere numorum? 

CURRY leather, coria or pelles mace 
rare, concinnare, polire, depsere. — / 
will so curry his hide for him, adeo 
depexum, adeo exornatum dabo. — To 
curry a horse, equum strigili radere, 

subradere. IT Tv curry favor, alicui 

blandiri, adulari, gratiam or benevolen- 
tiam alicujus captare ; se in amicitiam 
or familiaritatem alicujus insinuare. 
Currier, coriarius, coriorum confector. 
Curry-comb, strigilis equis comendis. 

See the Lev. 
CURSE, v. maledico, male precari or im- 
precari ; aliquem exsecrari. — To curse 
bitterly, exsecror, devoveo ; caput orco 
Curse, s. imprecatio; exsecratio ; detes 

tatio. — Curses, dirae, sc. preces. 


IT (ruin), pestis, pernicies. — I am the 

curse of youth, pestis sum adolescentium. 

Cursed (abominable), exsecrabilis, exse- 

crandus, nefarius, nefandus. 
Cursedly, scelerate, sceleste, impie. 
CURSORY, levis, brevis. 
Cursorily, leviter, strictim ; levi brachio ; 
cursim; obiter, in transitu, transiens, 
quasi prateriens ; negligenter. 
CURTAIL (shorten), curto, decurto ; in 
compendium redigere or conferre, in 
angustum cogere ; amputare. — one's 
pay, mercedem minuere, imminuere, 
CURTAIN, velum (before something) ; 
plaga, plagula, (over a bed, sedan) ; au- 
laeum (at the theatre; to raise it, tollere ; 
drop it, demittere). — To hang a curtain 
before, velum pratendere. — about a thing, 
velis aliquid obtendere. — To draw back 
a curtain, velum reducere ; draw to, ve- 
lum obducere. — Curtained, velatus. 
CURVE, curvamen ; flexus. — A curve 

line, Iinea curva. 
Curvature, curvitas, curvatura, curva- 
men, flexura. 
Curvilinear, lineis curvis. 
CURVET, saltus numerose factus. 
To Curvet, persulto, saltito. 
CUSHION, pulvinus, pulvinar. A cush- 
ion for the elbow, cubitale. 
CUSTARD, intrita ex lacte et ovis con- 

CUSTODY (keeping), custodia: (prison), 
career, custodia." — To be in custody, 
haberi in custodia; in vinculis or cus- 
todia esse. — To put into custody, in car- 
cerem compingere, includere, conclu- 
dere ; in vincula conjicere. 
CUSTOM (habit, use), consuetudo, assue- 
tudo, mos, usus, exercitatio : — (fish- 
ion), prascriptum, institutum ; ritus ; 
djsciplina, ordinatio ; more or usu re- 
ceptum. — You retain your old custom, 
antiquum obtines. — it is the custom, 
moris est. — Custom is a second nature, 
vetus consuetudo obtinet vim naturae. — 
According to custom, usitato more, ex 
more. — Contrary, prater consuetudi- 
nem, contra morem consuetudinemque ; 
inusitate. — To follow one's oxon custom, 
consuetudine uti, consuetudinem tenere 
or retinere. — To draw one from a cus- 
tom, aliquem a consuetudine abducere 
or abstrahere. — This has been an ancient 
custom, hoc in more positum est institu- 
toque majorum inveteravit. — To abolish 
an old custom, consuetudinem tollere or 
abolere ; a consuetudine discedere. — 
Lack of custom, desuetudo. — Grown in 
use by custom, inveteratus. — To bring 
into custom, aliquid in modern inducere, 
perducere. — The custom is, solet, asso- 

let. As his custom is, nt mos est ; ut 

solet ; ut est consuetudo ; suo more. — 
As the custom is, ut consuetudo fert. — 
To lay aside old customs, Vetera instituta 
antiquare. — To adopt a custom, consue- 
tudinem asciscere ; introduce, consuetu- 
dinem introducere. — — 1T Custom (tar. 
on merchandise), vectigal ; portorium. — 
To pay custom, vectigal pendere, porto 
rium dare. — To farm the customs, vec 
tigalia, portorium conducere, redimere 

— The custom-house, telonium. 1 cus- 
tom-house officer, portitor; telonarius 

— Custom-free, immunis portorii. — To 
levy the customs, vectigalia, portorium 

exigere. IT (trade), emptores. — - To 

have good custom (of a trader), multos 
emptores habere ; (of a shop), celebra- 
tum esse. — That shop has lost, its custom. 
plerique emptores ab ilia tabemadisces- 
serunt. — To get custom to a shop, emp- 
tores allicere, conciliare. — To deprive 

of custom, emptores avertere Without 

custom, emptoribus vacuus. 

Customary, usitatus, tralatitius, more or 
usu receptus, vetus. — This is now be- 
come customary, hoc jam in consuetudi- 
nem yenit. 

Customer (farmer of the customs), vec- 

tigalium, portorii redemptor. IT A 

customer at a shop, emptor (assiduus). 

CUT, seco, effido, incido. — / will cut out 
work for you (fig.), facessam tibi nego- 
tium. — Cut your coat according to your 
cloth, si non possis quod velis, id velis 
quod possis. — To cut a tree into boards, 
arborem in laminas secare. — Easily cut, 

sectilis Not to be cut, insecabilis. —To 


cut a great figure, magnificam sustinere 
personam. — To cut and mangle, mutilo, 
detrunco ; — cut (part.), mutilus, mutila- 
tus. — To cutasunder, rescindo, discindo ; 
interscindo, intercldo, disseco. — To cut 
or lop trees, arborum ramos amputare or 
circumcidere. — a vine, vitem putare. 

— one's hair, alicujus capillum tondere. 

— the beard close, barbam ad cutem ton- 
dere (radere, shave). — one's nails, un- 
gues resecare. — wood, ligna, materiam 
caedere ; (split it), ligna findere. — To 
cut away, exseco, reseco, amputo. — 
knots, enodo. — To cut ivith an axe, do- 
lo, dedolo ; ascia polire, dedolare, (cut 
smooth). — T have cut my leg with my own 
axe, ipse mini asciam in cms impegi. — 
To cut before, pracido. — To cut down, 
effido, demeto, excldo, deseco. — To cut 
doion or fell trees, arbores cusdere or suc- 
cidere ; ferro proscindere. — a bridge, 
pontem intercidere. — corn, fruges me- 
tere or demetere. — To cut (geld), castro ; 
(grave), caelo, sculpo; (hack), conseco. 

— To cut in, inseco ; incido, insculpo. 
-7- To cut to pieces, in partes concidere ; 
(small), minute or minutim or minuta- 
tim concidere, minutatim consecare. — 
To cut off, abscido, exscindo, prrecido, 
amputo ; decldo, deseco, detondeo. — 
The army had been quite cut off (fig.), 
unless, actum de exercitu foret, ni. — 
To cut off an enemy, hostes concidere. — 
forage or provisions, commeatibus or re 
frumentaria aliquem intercludere ; hos^ 
tern frumento prohibere. — the strag- 
glers, agmen carpere. — an heir, exhe- 
redare, exlieredem scribere. — a speech, 
sermonem dirimere or abrumpere. — 
the head, detrunco ; obtrunco, pratrun- 
co; capite aliquem plectere ; caput de- 
metere (poet.). — To cut out, excldo ; 
exseco; exsculpo. — This tongue of yours 
must be cut out, haec tibi excidenda est 
lingua. — To cut out, as a seamstress, 
tailor, &cc, pannum ad vestem conficien- 
dam forcipe excidere.— work for one 
(fig.), alicui negotium facessere. — To 
cut one out (surpass), supero, vinco. — To 
cut round, circumcido. — To cut one's 
wings, alas pracidere. ■ — To cut shorter, 
detrunco ; cut short (part.), pracisus, 
truncus, detruncatus. — small, concido, 
comminuo, (see above). — through, per- 
seco. — under, subseco. — To cut as a 
tally, incido. — To cut one for the stone, 
alicui calculos excidere. — To cut one's 
throat, jugulo. — To cut in two, discindo, 
disseco. — equally in the midst, medium 
dissecare. — To cut up a fowl, pullum 

secare, scindere. IT To cut (lash), 

aliquem loris or virgis ca-dere ; (wound), 

vulnero. IT (feel sharp) , acutum esse. 

IT (prick, bite), mordere. — The cold 

morning air cuts my face, frigus matuti- 

num os mordet. (See Cutting.) 

IT To cut teeth, dentire. — Teeth neicly 
cut, dentes novelli. 

Cut, s. incisura ; ictus, vulnus ; stigma. 

— To make a cut in something, aliquid 
incidere ; aliquid vulnerare (wound). 

IT (way), compendium. — This is 

the shortest cut, hac ibitis brevius. — 
There was the shortest cut, inde erat 
brevissimus trajectus. TT (misfor- 
tune), calamitas, casus adversus, ma- 
lum. IT (slice), offula, ofella, frus- 
tum. — - IT (picture), figura ligno inci- 

sa ; in connection, also imago. IT The 

cut of a garment, habitus vestis. — A 
coat of a new cut, vestis nova. 

Cut-purse, sector zonarius. 

Cut-throat, sicarius. 

Cutlass, gladius ; spatha. 

Cutler, cultrarius. — A sword-culler, fa- 
ber gladiarius. — A cutler's shop, ofiici- 
na cultraria. 

Cutlets (ofvea,'), segmina vitulina. 

Cutter (as with a knife, &c), sector. — 

of trees, frondator. TT (carver), 


Cutting, sectio, consectio : (carving), 

sculptura ; caslamen. 1 cutting away, 

amputatio. — off, desectio, resectio ; — 

(by slaughter), occidio. <2 cutting in, 

incisio. — A cutting short, detruncatio. 

Cutting, adj. (in taste), acer, asper, 

acerbus. TT Cutting words, verbo- 

rum aculei, voces acerbae, dicta morda- 
cia or amara. 

Cuttings, segmenta, secamenta; segmi- 




the nails, resegmina, prseseg- 

na. - 

CUTICLE, cuticula. 
CYCLE, say cyclus. 
CYGNET, pullus cycneus 
CYLINDER, cylindrus. 
Cylindrical, cylindratus. 

CYMBAL, cymbalum. — Toplay on cym- 
bals, cymbalissare, cymbala quatere. 

Cymbalist, cymbalista, m. ; cymbalis- 
tria, /. 

CYNICAL, cynicus. 

CYNOSURE, septentrio cynosura : fig. 

CYPRESS, cupressus. — Of cypress, cu- 
presseus, cupressinus. — Bearing cy- 
press, cupressifer {poet.). — A cypress 
grove, cupressetum. 

CZAR, imperator Russorum. 

Czarina, imperatrix Russorum. 


T"\ABBLE, aquae manus crebro immer- 

J - / gere. — in the dirt, coeno se volu- 

tare or inquinare. IT (in any art, 

&c), leviter aliquid attingere, leviter 

aliqua re imbui. IT To dabble or 

tamper with a person, aliquem ad aliquid 
sollicitare, instigare or impellere. 

Dabbler (smatterer), homo leviter erudi- 

DACE (fish), apua. 

DACTYLE, dactylus. 

DAD, DADDY, tata. 

DAFFODIL, narcissus. — Of the daffodil, 

DAGGER, pugio, sica. — A little dagger, 

DAGGLE, per rorem trahere ; rore or 
luto inficere. — Daggled, lutosus ; rore 
or luto infectus ; cceno oblitus. 

DAILY. See Day. 

DAINTY, delicatus (of meats) ; cuppedio- 
rum studiosus, fastidii delicati, (of per- 
sons) : — (s<7iieawiis/i),fastidiosus. — The 
dainty thing would have a dainty bit, le- 

pus es, et pulpamentum quaeris. 

TT (choice), lautus, exquisitus, elegans ; 
(costly), sumptuosus, opiparus ; (excel- 
lent), eximius, clarus, proaclarus. — 
Dainty dishes, dainty meats, cibi delicati 
(-iores), cuppedia (-drum) or cuppediae, 
res bonae or bellae ; irritamenta gulae. 

Daintily, delicate, laute, opipare, molli- 
ter, belle. — To fare daintily, delicate, 
molliter vivere ; laute se habere, dapi- 
bus exquisitis se invitare. 

Daintiness of feeding, lautitia, dapes, 

cuppediae. IT (loathing of common 

food), cuppedia (genit. -as), delicatum in 
cibis fastidium. 

DAIRY, cella lactaria. — A dairy-man, 

DAISY, bellis pevennis (L.). 

DALE, vallis, convallis. 

DALLY (fondle), lascivio : (trifle), nugor, 
tricor ; nihil agere : (play the fool), in- 
eptio: (delay), cunctor, moror, moras 

Dalliance, lusus, lascivia. — Full of 

dalliance, lascivus. IT (delay), mora, 


Dallier, homo lascivus, nugator, palpa- 

DAM (mother), mater. TT (bank), agger, 

moles. — across a marsh, pontes longi. 

To Dam, moles atque aggeres objicere 
alicui rei. — a river, fluvium extra ri- 
pam diffluentem coe'rcere, flumen ar- 
cere, flumen mole atque aggere obstru- 

DAMAGE, damnum, detrimentum, in- 
commodum, dispendium; injuria; jac- 
tura ; noxa. — Without damage, sine 
damno : integer. 

To Damage, damnum inferre, detrimen- 
tum importare. — To be damaged, dam- 
num facere, detrimentum accipere. 

Damageable, caducus, damno obnoxius ; 
(causing dam.age), nocens, noxius, per- 
niciosus, exitiosus. 

DAMASK, pannus Damascenus. — Dam- 
ask linen, linteum Damascenum ; pi. 
lintea Damascena. 

DAME (mistress), domina ; (lady), femi- 
na, mulier, matrona ; (as a title), domi- 

DAMN, damno, condemno ; a play, fabu- 
lam ex i gere. 

Damnable, exsecrabilis, scelestus, nefa- 
rius, nefandus. 

Damnation, damnatio, condemnatio : — 
(hereafter), poena qui quis post mortem 

DAMP, subst. (fog), nebula : (vapor), va- 
por, halitus ; exhalatio. — Damps, hu- 
mores ; liquores. 

Damp, adj. (moist), humidus, humectus. 

— weather, ccelum humectum. — To be 
damp, humidum esse, humere. — To be- 
come so, humescere. — To, make so, hu- 
mectare ; conspergere (sprinkle). 

To Damp. See Dispirit. 

Dampness, humor. — Causing dampness, 
humidus, humificus. 

DAMSEL, puella, virgo. — Little, puellula, 

DAMSON, prunum Damascenum. — tree, 
prunus Damascena. 

DANCE, chorea; saltatio (the act).— A 
dance in armor, pyrrhicha or -e ; saltatio 
armata. — To lead a dance, praesulto. — 
The leader of a dance, preesultor, prae- 

To Dance, salto, se ad numerum mo- 
vere. — To dance on the rope, saltare 
per extensum funem. — To dance to 
another'' s pipe, alterius obsequi studiis ; 
ad arbitrium or voluntatem alterius se 

fingere, accommodare. IT To dance a 

child in one's arms, infantem ulnis com- 
plexum jactare or agitare. 

Dancing, saltatio (the act) ; saltatus (the 
state) ; saltandi ars (the art). — To learn 
it, saltare discere ; of one, saltare do- 
ceri abaliquo. — Of dancing, saltatorius. 

— A dancing-master, saltandi magister. 

— A dancing-room, oecus in quo sal- 
tant ; locus, quo utriusque sexus ju- 
venes saltandi causa veniunt. 

Dancer, saltans ; saltator, saltatrix. 1 

troop of dancers, chorus. — A stage- 
dancer, ludius o?-ludio (that plays also). 

DANDELION, leondoton taraxacum (L.). 

DANDLE, manibus or genibus gestare 
or agitare. 

DANDRUFF, furfures, porrigo. 

DANDY, trossulus, de capsula. tot us. 

DANGER, periculum ; discrimen (the 
crisis). — The danger is over, omnis res 
est jam in vado ; jam periculum est 
depulsum. — He puts his life in danger, 
caput ruinae subdit. — You are in the 
same danger, in eodem luto hagsitas. 

— He escaped the danger, e periculo 
evasit. — To fall into danger, in pericu- 
lum or discrimen venire, incidere. — 
To be in danger, in periculo or in dis- 
crimine (also in angustiis) esse, versari : 

— in extreme danger, in praecipiti esse. 

— I am in danger, imminet huic capiti 
periculum. — To bring one into danger, 
aliquem in periculum, in discrimen ad- 
ducere, deducere, vocare ; periculum 
alicui inferre. — To avoid danger, pe- 
riculum consilio suo discutere et com- 
primere. — To deliver out of danger, e 
periculo aliquem eripere, liberare. — To 
escape, ex periculo evadere, periculo 
perfungi. — To run into, periculum adire 
in periculum irruere ; se temere in discri 
men conjicere, sibi periculum arcessere, 
creare ; caput suum periculis offerre. — 
To be out of danger, extra periculum es 
in tuto esse, a periculo vacare, periculo 
vacuum esse, in portu esse or navigare. 

— To avert danger, periculum depel 
lere, propulsare." — In danger of law 
legibus obnoxius, expositus, subjec- 

Dangerless, tutus, periculo vacuus, peri- 

culi expers. 
Dangerous, periculosus. periculi plenus 

anceps, dubius ; perniciosus ; capitalis 

— A dangerous fellow, homo periculo 
sus, perniciosus, capitalis. — war, bel 
lum grave et peripilosum. 

Dangerously, periculose. 

DANGLE, dependeo, pendulum agitari 

— To dangle up and down with one, ali- 
quem crebro et officiose comitari. — 
Dangling, pendulus. 


DANK, humidus, uvidus. 

Dankishness, humor. 

DAPPER, agilis. — A dapper fellow, tros- 
sulus, alacer homunculus. 

DAPPLE-GRAY, albis maculis distinc- 
tus, maculosus ; varius. 

DARE (venture), audeo. — I dare not say 
it, mini est religio dicere. — I will lay 
what you dare on it, quovis pignore con- 
tendam. — I dare not see his face, illius 
conspectum vereor. — To dare the ut- 
most, ultima, extrema audere. 

TT (challenge), lacesso, provoco. — He 
dares me to fight, ad pugnam me laces- 
sit ; ad certamen provocat. — He dared 
me to play with him, me in aleam provo- 
cavit. # daring of one, provocatio. 

Daring, adj. audens, audax ; animosus, 
intrepidus, impavidus. 

Daring, subst. audacia. 

Daringly, audacter, audenter, intrepide, 

DARK, obscurus ; tenebricosus ; caligi- 
nosus ; caecus : — nubilus (cloudy) : — 
(of color), fuscus (dark brown),, austerus 
(inclining to dark), niger (black), pullus 
(sooty or smutty black), ravus (gray yel- 
low). — Dark-blue, violaceus, purpureus. 

— yellow, fulvus, luteus, ravus. — green, 
acriter viridis, perviridis, prasinus, e vi- 
ridi nigricans. — Somewhat dark, sub- 
obscurus (c. g. nox). — A dark (moon- 
less) night, nox illunis. — It grows dark, 
nox appetit ; advesperascit, vesperascit ; 

tenebra oboriuntur. : IT (not clear), 

hebes (e. g. oculus) TT (obscure, un- 
certain), obscurus. — Someichat, subob- 
scurus. — Very, perobscurus. 

Dark, Darkness, obscuritas, tenebraa, 
caligo, nox ; fig. obscuritas, tenebrae : — 
(as to color), color fuscus, etc., fuscitas. 

— of the weather, coelum caliginosum. — 
of sight, hebes oculorum acies. — To 
veil in darkness, alicui rei tenebras ob- 
ducere. — To be veiled in darkness, in 
tenebris jacGre. — To see in the dark, 
per caliginem or tenebras cernere. — 
Loving the dark, tenebricosus. — To be in 
the dark, in tenebris esse or versari. 

— To keep one in the dark, aliquid ali- 
quem celare or occultare. 

To Darken, obscuro, obscurum facere, 
tenebras rei alicui offundere, noctem 
obducere, lucem eripere, diem adimere ; 

(with clouds), obnubilo. TT To darken 

one's meaning, sensum alicujus obscu- 
rare, turbare. 

Darkening, s. obscuratio. 

Darkish, Darksome, subobscurus. 

Darkling, in tenebris or in obscuro ver- 

Darkly, obscure. 

DARLING, deliciae, amores. — He is my 
darling, est mihi in amore et deliciis, 
in oculis meis est, est mihi percarus. — 
To be the darling of the gods, a diis diligi. 

— My darling studies, studia quibus 
maxime indulgeo ; studia mea. 

DARN, resarcio, reficio. 

Darning, s. sutura, sartura. 

DARNEL, lolium. — Of darnel, lolia- 

DART, s. jaculum, telum, pilum, spicu- 
lum. — Out of reach of the darts, ab ictu 
telorum tutus ; extra telorum ictum es- 
se. — A dart thrown, missile, jaculum. — 
A stringed dart, hasta amentata. 

To Dart (cast a dart), jaculor, jaculum 
torquere, intorquere, perlibrare, emit- 
tere,.dirigere, moliri. — That may be 

darted, jaculabilis. TT To dart upon 

one, in aliquem subito irruere. 

Darter, jaculator, jaculatrix. 

Darti ng, jaculatio. 

DASH (bloio), ictus. — He is out at first 




dash, in portu impingit; in limine offen- 

dit. — At one dash, uno ictu. IT A 

dash of dirt or icater, labecula, uspersio. 

U (mixture), mixtura. — A dash of 

envy, aliquantum invidiae. TT (with 

a pen), ductus. — He learns the dashes 
of the letters, literarum ductus discit. 
To Dash a thing' against, allido, illido ; 
affligo, impingo, incutio. — To dash (be 
dashed) against, allidor, illidor. — The 
ship dashed against a rock, puppis offen- 
dit in scopulos. — To dash out the brains, 
cerebrum comininuere. — To dash out 
with a blow, ictu excutere. — with a pen, 
oblitero, deleo, expunge — To dash to 
pieces, contero, confringo, discutio. — 
To dash together, collide — To dash out 
of countenance, ruborem alicui incutere ; 

rubore aliquem suffundere. IT To 

dash (as zoith water or dirt), aspergo, 

conspergo. IT To dash (wine with 

water), vinum aqua diluere, Bacchum 
lymphis temperare ; (mingle), misceo, 

commisceo. 1T To dash a design or 

project, alicujus consilium evertere, dis- 

turbare, pravertere. IT To dash one 

in the chaps, colaphum alicui impingere. 

Dashing against, s. illisus. d dashing 

(battering), conflictus, incussus. — A 
dashing together, collisio, collisus. — A 
dashing with water, aspersio. 
DASTARD, ignavus, timidus, imbellis, 

homo pusilli animi. 
Dastardly, adv. timide, ignave. 
DATE, dies (in Uteris ascripta); tempus ; 
astas. —Your letter has neither seal nor 
date, nee signum tuum in epistola, nee 
dies appositus est. — What date does it 
bear! quo tempore scriptum est? — 
Without date, sine die et consule. — To 
bear date, diem ascriptam habere. — Out 

of date, obsoletus, exoletus. IT A date 

(fruit), palmula, palma? pomum, dacty- 
lus. — A date-tree, palma (phoenix dac- 
tylifera, L.). 
To Date, diem in Uteris (tabulis) ascri- 

DATIVE case, casus dativus or dandi. 
DAUB, lino, illino, oblino, perlino, ungo, 
perungo ; (defile), conspurco, inquino, 
maculo, commaculo. 
Dauber (smoarer), unctor ; (defiler), qui 

conspurcat, inquinat, maculat. 
DAUGHTER, filia. — A little daughter, 
filiola. — A daughter-in-law, nurus. — 
A daughter's son, ex filia nepos. — A 
step-daughter, privigna. — A foster- 
daughter, alumna. — One's daughter, ex 
aliqiin nata (avoid nata alicujus). 
DAUNT, aliquem terrere, perterrere, ter- 
ritare; terrorem alicui incutere orinji- 
cere . _ To be daunted, terreri, terrore 
commoveri ; animos submittere. — 
Daunted, timore perculsus or commotus. 
Dauntless, impavidus, intrepidus, timore 

or metu vacuus. 
DAUPHIN, Delphinus. 
DAW, monedula (corvus monedula, (L.). 
DAWN, v. dilucesco, illucesco. 
Dawn (of the day), prima lux, dilucu- 

DAY (opp. to night), dies (opp. to nox), 
lux (opp. to tenebrs) : — (as a portion of 
time), dies (as to its gender, see the Lex. 
at the end of the word). — The longest 
day, dies solstitialis ; solstitium : — 
shortest, dies brumalis ; brnma. — Be- 
fore day, ante lucem. — With the break 
of day, (cum) prima luce ; sole oriente. 

A little before day, sub lucem ipsam. 

(See At.) — By day, luce ; die, interdiu. 

Day and night, diem noctem, diem 

noctemque, dies noctesque. — Night 
(emphatically) and day, noctes diesque 
(or et dies), noctes atque dies. — By, 
day and night, die ac nocte, nocte ac die, 
die noctuque, nocte et interdiu — Day 
breaks, lucescit, illucescit, dilucescit, 
lux oritur. — It is high (broad) day, mul- 
tU3 dies est. — Done or happening before 
day, antelucanus. — To wish one good 
day, aliquem salvum esse jubere, ali- 
quem salutare. — Good day to you! sal- 
ve ! salvete (said to several) '. — The 
time of day, hora. —A good day (in a fe- 
ver), dies intermissionis. — A lucky, 
fortunate day, dies albus, candidus ; un- 
lucky, ater, ominosus. — A time of two, 
three, four days, biduum ; triduum ; qua- 
triduum : — of nine days, novem dierum 
spatium, novem dies spatii : of nine 

days' time, novemdialis. — To-day, ho-] 
dierno die ; hodie. — I never saw her be-\ 
fore to-day, neque ego hanc vidi ante 
hunc diem. — To-day me, to-morrow 
thee, hodie mini, eras tibi. — Yesterday, 
heri, hesterno die. — Of to-day, yester- 
day, hodiernus ; hesternus. — The day 
before yesterday, nudius tertius 3 before 
that, nudius quartus, and so on. — 'Tis 
now the eighth day, hie est dies octavus. 

— Every day, quotidie, singulis diebus : 
— for every (each) day, in singulos dies ; 
in omnes dies (for all days). — Every 
other day, alternis diebus. — From day 
to day, in dies. — One day after another, 
diem ex die, diem de die. — The day 
before, pridie ; after, postridie, postridie 
ejus diei : the day before his arrival, pri- 
die ejus adventum. — Within seven days, 

intra septem dies. it the earliest day, 

propediem. — At the appointed day, ad 
diem, ad diem dictum, statutum, con- 
stitutum. — Some day, aliquando ; olim. 

— One day (of the past), quadam die. — 
In days of yore, apud majores nostros. — 
Now-a-days, hodie ; ut consuetudo nunc 
fert. — In our days, nostra a-tate, nostro 
tempore, nostristemporibus. — From the 
days of Augustus, jam inde a divo Au- 
gusto. — In my old days, in senectute ; 
senex. — To pass one's days in peace, in 
want, vitam degere in otio, in egestate. 

— To end one's days. (See Die.) — The 
day is ours, vicimus : we have lost the 
day, vincimur, victi sumus. 

Day-book, diarium, ephemeris. 

Day's man (umpire), arbiter. 

Daily, adj. quotidianus. 

Daily, adv. quotidie, singulis diebus, in- 

DAZZLE, occoecare, oculos or oculorum 
aciem or mentis aciem praestringere. — 
Dazzled, caacatus, occascatus, attonitus. 

Dazzling, fulgidus, oculos praestringens. 

DEACON, diaconus. — A Deaconry, Dea- 
conship, diaconatus. 

DEAD, mortuus ; exanimus, exanimis ; 
exstinctus, fato perfunctus : — (natural- 
ly inanimate), inanimis, inanimatus, vi- 
ta et sensu carens. — A dead man, mor- 
tuus ; funus (the corpse); cadaver, cor- 
pus mortuum. — The dead, mortui. — 
To rise from the dead, ab inferis exsiste- 
re. (See Awake.) — Always speak well 
of the dead, de mortuis nil nisi bonum. 

— It were better that I were dead, mori 
malim, mori satius esset. — To lie dead, 
jaceo. — When he was dead, illo vita de- 
functo ; post summum ejus diem. — He 
is dead, e medio abiit, excessit. — It is 
every one's care what he should be when he 
is dead, omnibus curas sunt, qua futura 
postmortem sunt. — Dead-nettle, lamium. 

— Half-dead, semimortuus, semianimis ; 
seminex (half-killed). — Stone-dead, ex- 
sanguis. — To strike dead, confodere (stab 

him) ; fulmine icere (by lightning). 

IT (numbed), torpens : (dull, cold), frigi- 

dus, languidus, lentus. TT (gone 

out), emortuus, exstinctus, (e.g. carbo- 

nes). IT A dead language, lingua 

mortua. IT The dead of night, in- 

tempesta nox, media nox. - || See 

Die and Death. 

To Deaden, debilito, frango, reprhno. 

Deadly, adj. mortifer; letifer, letalis, fu- 
nestus ; exitiosus, perniciosus : capita- 
lis (unto death, e.g. odium). 

Deadly, adv. mortifere ; capitaliter. 

Deadness, stupor, torpor. 

DEAF, surdus, auribus captus. — Some- 
what, surdaster. — You tell a tale to a 
deaf man, surdo canis or fabulam narras. 

— That the same man should be both blind 
and deaf, ut idem oculis et auribus cap- 
tus sit. — To grow deaf, obsurdesco. — 
To be deaf to advice, aliquem (monen- 
tem) non audire. 

To Deafen, exsurdo, obtundo. — You 
deafen me, obtundis. 

Deafly, surde. 

Deafness, surditas. 

DEAL (fir), abies. — Deal boards 
tabulae abiegns, asseres abiegn 

DEAL, v. ago, facio ; in aliqua re bene or 
male versor. — I loill deal plainly, non 
obscure agam ; quod res est, dicam. — 
You deal like a friend, facis amice. — 1 
am well dealt withal, bene mecum agitur. 

— Deal truly with me, die bona fide. — 
He dealt roughly with me, me acerbius 


tractavit. — He dealt handsomely by him, 
ilium liberaliter tractavit, or habuit et 
coluit. — To deal falsely, fidem frange- 
re, fallere, non servare, perfide or dolo 

agere To deal in business, negotior ; 

mercaturam exercere or facere, rem ge- 
rere. — To deal or bargain with a person, 
cum aliquo contrahere, pacisci, pactio- 

nem facere. IT (distribute), distribuo, 

dispertio, divido, dispenso, describo 

the cards, chartas distribuere. 
Deal, s. (at cards), chartarum distributio. 

— You will lose your deal, amittes distri- 
buendi vices. 

Dealer (at cards), distributor; (trader), 

mercator TT A double or false dealer, 

prevaricator, veterator, homo callidus et 
versutus, versipellis, versutiloquus. — 
A plain-dealer, homo candidus, apertus, 
sincerus, ingenuus ; sine fuco et falla- 
ciis. — fair, homo requus et bonus. — 
Fair dealing, aequum et bonum. 

Dealing (business or trade), occupatio, 

negotiatio ; mercatura, commercium 

If you have dealing with another, si cum 
altero contrahas. — I had no dealing with 
him, nihil cum eo commercii habui. — I 
will have no dealing with you, conditione 
tua non utar. IT (act, deed), factum. 

IT (with cards), distributio. 

1T (treatment), tractatio. IT Double 

dealing, fraus, dolus; prasvaricatio. — 

Hard dealing, asperitas ; saevitia. 

IT (intercourse), usus, consuetudo, 

commercium. — I have no dealings with 
him, nihil cum eo commercii habeo. 

DEAL (quantity, &c), vis, numerus. —He 
makes a deal of stir, maximas facit tur- 
bas. — A good or great deal, magna vis, 
magnus numerus. — Deal is often ex- 
pressed by the superlative degree of an 
adjective or adverb, as in the following 
examples. — He is a great deal wiser, mul- 
to sapientior est. — It was sold for a 
great deal of money, pecunia grandi ven- 
ditum est. — He teas able to speak with a 

freat deal of fluency, copiosissime potuit 
icere, or copiosissimus in dicendo fuit. 

— A great deal or by a great deal, multo, 
impendio. — A great deal more, impen- 
dio magis, haud paulo plus. 

DEAN, decanus. — 1 Deanery, decanatus ; 
domus quam decanus habitat. 

DEAR (beloved), carus, dilectus. — You 
are as dear to me as to your father, mini 
afique es carus ac patri. — Nothing is 
dearer to me than our friendship, nihil 
mini antiquius amicitia nostra. — My 
dear! anima mea! — How does my dear? 
meum suavium, quid agitur? — I hold 
him very dear, est mihi in oculis, in 

deliciis ; eum percarum habeo. 

IT (costly), carus, pretiosus. — It was then 
as dear as gold, ettunc erat auro contra. 
— - They are dear, care (magno pretio, 
magno) veneunt. — It is not dear at 
twenty pounds, vile est viginti minis. — 
To make dear, pretium augere. — To 
make corn dear, annonam incendere, 
flagellare. — Corn grows dear, annona 
ingravescit. — As dear as may be, quam- 

Dearly (in love), arete, familiariter ; (in 
price), care, magno pretio, magno. 

Dearness, caritas, magnum pretium. — 
of provisions, annonae caritas, difficul- 
tas, gravitas. IT (affection), caritas. 

DEARTH, fames, annonae difficultas, rei 
frumentariffi inopia. 

DEATH, mors; letum ; fatum, obitus, 
excessus vitae ore vita, discessus a vita, 
finis or exitus vitas, dissolutio naturae: 
nex (violent death, murder) ; interitua, 
exitium, (ruin, destruction, violent death). 

— It is death to do it, non sine periculo 
capitis licet. — She grieves herself to 
death, dolore tabescit, maerore consumi- 
tur. — To laugh almost to death, risu 
pasne emori, risu rumpi. — To study to 
death, in studiis mori, studiis immori — 
He made it death by the law, capite sanxit. 

— A little before his death, sub exilum 
vitae. — Death makes no difference, aequa 
lege necessitas sortitur insignes et 
imos. — It is death, capitale est. — Sud- 
den death, mors repentina, subita. — 
Death-pangs, morientis angor, mortis 
cruciatus. — A death-watch (insect), 
termes pulsatorius. — The point of 
death, extremus spiritus. — At the point 
of death, moriens, moribundus — To be 




at. the point of death, animam agere. — 
Worthy of death, morte dignus. — a 
crime, facinus capitale. — To put to 
death, morti dare ; (as a punishment), 
morte multare, supplicio afficere. — The 
punishment of death, poena vitas, capitis, 
mortis ; supplicium ultimum, capitis. — 
To catch one's death, sibipericulum mor- 
tis creare, facessere. — To hasten one's 
death, mortem alicui maturare, accele- 
rare. — To sit upon life and death, de ca- 
pite quaerere, capitis postulare. 

Deathless, immortalis, asternus. 

Deathlike, morti similis. 

Deathsman, carnifex. 

DEBAR, arceo, interdico, privo ; exclu- 
do, impedio. 

Debarring, s. exclusio, privatio, interdic- 

DEBASE, demitto, dejicio, abjicio, de- 
primo, dignitatem obscurare. — To de- 
base one's self, se abjicere, demittere. 

TT To debase coin, numos adulterare, 

pecuniam vitiare. || See Abase. 

Debasement, gradus dejectio ; animi de- 
jectio ; sordes. 

DEBATE, altercatio, disputatio, discep- 
tatio, concertatio ; controversia ; jurgi- 
um, rixa. — Warm debate, contentio. — 
The debate lasted till midnight, res dispu- 
tatione ad mediam noctem ducitur. — 
All things about which there was any de- 
bate, omnia de quibus disceptabatur. — 
It falls under debate, in deliberationem 
vocatur. — A small debate, disputatiun- 
cula, parva disceptatio. — A debate- 
maker, vitilitigator, homo turbulentissi- 

To Debate (discourse or reason), dissero, 
disputo, argumentor, ratiocinor, discep- 
to : — (advise with himself), delibero; 
secum or in animo rem aliquam con- 
siderare, reputare, revolvere. — He has 
debated this matter with himself rightly, 
earn rem secum recta, reputavit via.. — - 
^(dispute), contendo, concerto, altercor, 
litigo. — Debated, controversies. — It is 
debated, disputatur, Quint. 

Debater, disputator. 

Debating, s. (disputing), disputatio, dis- 
ceptatio, concertatio ; (advising with 
one's se//), deliberatio, consideratio. 

Debatable, quod in controversiam ca- 
dit or vocari potest ; dubius. 

DEBAUCH (corrupt), mores alicujus cor- 
rumpere ; aliquem depravare, pravis 
moribus imbuere, ad nequitiam abduce- 
re. — a woman, vitio, adultero, stupro ; 
alicujus pudicitice vitium afferre. ~ To 
debauch (play the debauchee), debacchor, 

Debauch, s. (drinking-bout), potatio, com- 
potatio, comissatio. 

Debauched, nequam, profligatus, volup- 
tarius, luxuriosus, libidinosus. 

Debauchee, comissator, aleator, heluo, 
nepos ; homodissolutus, discinctus, im- 
purus, intemperans, libidinosus. 

Debaucher, corruptor, corruptela. 

Debauchery, intemperantia, incontinen 
tia, luxuria. 

DEBENTURE, tessera numaria. 

DEBILITY, debilitas, infirmitas. 

Debilitate, frango, debilito, enervo, in 

DEBONAIR (courteous), comis, urbanus, 
facilis, commodus ; (merry, cheerful), 
hilaris, facetus, lepidus ; (good-natured) 
benignus, candidus, perhumanus. 

DEBT, debitum, pecunia debita ; no- 
men (as entered in the book). — Debt (i. e 
one's debts), aes alienum. — Bad debts, 
nomina impedita (opposed to expedita) 
— Oood debts become bad if you call them 
not in, bona nomina mala fiunt, si non 
appelles. — Debts upon account (arrear 

ages), reliqua To be in debt, in sere 

alieno esse. — To be pressed by debts. 
are alieno premi, laborare. — To bemuch 
or deeply in debt, sere alieno opprimi, 
obrui ; pecuniam grandem debere. — 
He is over head and ears in debt, aere ali- 
eno demersus or obrutus est ; animam 
debet. — Out of debt, out of danger, qui 
nihil debet lictores non timet. — To be 
out of debt, debere nullum numum ne- 
mini. — He is in my debt, in a?re meo est 
(also fig.). — To run in debt, ass alie- 
num conflare, contrahere, facere. — To 
respite a debt, solutionem nominis susti- 
nere. — To rid out of debt, rare alieno 

levare ; nomen expedirs, solvere, dis- 
solves. — To demand a debt, aliquem de 
pecunia appellare (by suing or not), ali- 
quem appellare in pecuniam debitam. 

— To collect debts, nomina exigere. — To 
forgive a debt, pecuniam debitam alicui 
condonare. — To pay debts, nomina libe- 
rare, debita dissolvere. — To come out 
of debt, ess alienum solvere, dissolvere ; 
sere alieno exire. 

Debtor, debitor. — An insolvent debtor, 
qui solvendo non est or solvere nequit. 

— A debtor upon bill or bond, debitor ex 
chirographo. — To make one debtor in ac- 
counts, expensum ferre. 

DECADE, decas. 

DECALOGUE, praecepta or leges decern 

DECAMP, castra movere or promovere ; 
tabernacula detendere ; vasa colligere. 

Decampment, profectio. 

DECANT, defaeco, deliquo, eliquo, trans- 
fundo, depleo. 

Decantation, transfusio. 

Decanter, lagena transfusioni apta ; am- 

DECAY, tabescere, contabescere ; de- 
minui, deficere, labare, labi, obsoles- 
cere ; (to wither), marcescere, emar- 
cescere; (to rot), putrescere, putrefied. 

— To decay with age, senesco, asvo ca- 
dere. — All things by age decay and be- 
come worse, omnia vetustate labascunt 
et in pejus ruunt. — To decay or fail, 
deficio. — To decay (in color), defloresco, 
evanesco. — To decay utterly, pereo. — 
To decay (as flowers), flaccesco, marces- 
co. — Decayed (ivithered), marcidus. — 
with age, decrepitus, senio fractus, con- 
fectus, annis inutilis. — Decayed in for- 
tune, ad inopiam redactus, exhaustus, 

— Decaying, fluxus, caducus ; evanidus, 
Decay, subst. tabes, casus, occasus, interi- 

tus ; ruina, labefactatio. — The house is 
gone to decay, aedes vitium fecerunt. — 
When his estate was gone to decay, incli 
natis rebus suis. — Things are gone to 
decay through age, propter vetustatem 
obsoleverunt res. — Decay of morals 
mores corrupti. 

DECEASE, decessus, obitus, mors. 

To Decease, decedo, mortem or diem 
obire, morior. — Deceased, mortuus. 

DECEIVE, fallo, decipio, in errorem 
inducere, deludo, fraudo, alicui verba 
dare, alicui imponere, aliquem frus- 
trari ; mentiri. — You are deceived, er- 
ras. — He is not easily deceived, huic 
verba dare difficile est. — You are 

sadly deceived, vehementer erras. 

IT (mock), ludo, deludo, eludo, illudo, lu- 
difico ; (wheedle), inesco, delink». — To 
deceive one's expectation, spem alicujus 
fallere, destituere ; exspectationem ali- 
cujus decipere. — My eyes deceived me, 
visus (me) frustratus est. — / deceive 
myself, me fallo, fallor, animus me fal- 
lit. — To be deceived, fallor, decipior, 
fraudor, eludor, bland itiis capi, verbis 
fictis irretiri : (mistaken), erro, aluci- 
nor, fallor. — If I am not wholly deceived, 
nisi me omnia fallunt. — To be deceived 
by fair promises, promissis in fraudem 

Deceit, fraus, dolus, fallacia, ars, arti- 
ficium ; circumscriptio, fraudatio. — To 
insnare by deceit, imprudentem aliquem 

Deceitful, fallax, ad fallendum instruc- 
tus, subdolus, fraudulentus, dolosus ; 
vafer, veterator, (of men) ; van us (of 

things). 2 deceitful knave, veterator. 

— trick, dolus, ars. 

Deceitfully, fallaciter, fraudulenter, 
dolose, per dolum. 

Deceitfulness, fallacia, dolus. 

Deceiver, fallax, fraudalor, fraudulen- 
tus ; ludificator, deceptor. 

Deception, deceptio, destitutio, (the act) ; 
error (mistake) ; prastigiae (jugglery) ; 
fallacia. — Optical deception, mendacium 

Deceptive, fallax, fraudulentus, dolosus. 

DECEMBER, December. 

DECENT, decorus, decens. 

Decently, decenter, decore. 

Decency, decor, decorum, decentia. 

DECIDE, decerno, decldo, censeo. — He 
had a mind to have decided it by battle, 
rem ad arma deduci studebat. — Decid- 
ed, decisus, finitus, judicatus. 

Decision, dijudicatio, disceptatio; consi- 
lium; judicium, sententia; arbitrium ; 

Decisive, decretorius, quod momentum 
facit or habet ; ultimus. 

DECIMAL, denarius. 

To Decimate, decimo. — for punishment, 
in decimum quenique animadvertere. 

Decimation, decimatio ; (of an estate), 

DECIPHER, notas investigare et perse- 
qui ; explicare, explanare, interpretari. 

Deciphering, s. explicatio. 

DECK, subst. navis tabulata summa, ste- 

ga. i ship of three decks, navis Irium 

tabulatorum. — To stand upon the quarter- 
deck, stare celsa in puppi. 

DECK, v. orno, exorno ; polio; expolio, 
colo, excolo. — To deck with rhetorical 
ornaments, rhetorice aliquid ornare. — 
Decked, cultus, comptus, excultus, ex- 
politus. — Not decked, incomptus, inor- 
natus, incultus. 

Decking, s. ornatus, cultus. 

DECLAIM, declamo ; grande aliquid di- 
cere. — To declaim often, declamito. 

Declaimer, declamator. 

Declamatory, declamatorius : — grandis ; 
(inblame), giandiloquus, clainosus. 

Declamation, declamatio. 

DECLARE, narro, indico, denuntio, sig- 
nifico, declaro, aperio, ostendo ; diro, 
assevero : explico, enarro : renuntio. 

— They declare their joy in their counte- 
nance, declarant gaudiavultu. — We de- 
clared him consul, ilium cousulem re- 
nuntiavimus. — In tchose favor you have 
so often and so fully declared yourselves, 
de quo homine vos tanta et tain praeclara 
judicia fecistis. — To declare in solemn 
words or form, nuncupo. — To declare in 
brief, expedio, paucis complecti. — To 
declare abroad, vulgo, divulgo, evulgo, 
in vulgus dare or edere, palam facere. — ■ 
To declare beforehand, praenuntio. — To 
declare further, addo, prosequor. — To be 
declared, patefio. — Declared, declaratus, 
indicatus, expressus. — Having declared, 
elocutus. — That may be declared, enar- 
rabilis. IT To declare for one, ali- 
cui se adjungere, aliquem sequi, in par- 
tes alicujus tiansire. 

Declaration (making public) , praedicatio, 
pronuntiatio, promulgatio ; (edict, &c.) 
edictum ; (assertion), asseveratio, judi- 
cium, sententia, dogma, placitum; 
(manifestation), declaratio, significatio, 
testificatio, testimonium, indicium ; (of , 
a choice), renuntiatio ; (denunciation), 
denuntiatio ; (explication), explicatio, 
enarratio. — With a full declaration of 
your services towards him, cum summa 
testificatione tuorum in se officiorum. 

— A . declaration at law, libellus. — A 
declaration of war, by a circumlocution of 
bellum indicere. — To put in a declara- 
tion at law, libellum accusatorium exhi- 

Declaratory, Declarative, ad explica- 
tionem pertinens, index, interpres. 

DECLENSION, declinatio. 

DECLINE (avoid), fugio, defugio; vito, 
devito, evito. — He declined battle, proe- 
lium defugit, pugnam distulit. — I de- 
clined this match, has fugi nuptias. 

IT (bend down), vergo, incline — The 

sun declines, sol rnit. IT To decline a 

word, verbum inflectere or declinare. 

M (decay), deficio, labo, labasco, 

labor; inclinari ; in pejus ruere. 

Decline, s. declinatio, defectio, defectus. 

— In the decline of one's age or life, in- 
gravescente astate, vita declinante, annis 
vergentibus, vita in senium vergente. 

— In the decline of his affairs, rebus suis 

jam inclinatis. ' IT (gradual decay), 


Declining, s. (avoiding), declinatio, fuga ; 
vitatio, devitatio: (bending), declinatio, 
inclinatio: (of words), flexio. 

DECLIVITY, declivitas. 

DECOCTION, decoctum. 

DECOMPOUNDED, dissolutus. 

DECORATE, orno, exorno, decoro. 

Decoration, ornatus, ornamentum. — 
The decorations of the stage, scense ap- 
paratus, choragium. 

DECOROUS, decorus, decens. 

Decorum, pudor, verecundia ; decorum, 

DECOY, v. illicio, pellicio. — a person, ali- 




quem in fraudem allicere, dolis ductare. 

— He decoyed him to his own opinion, ad 
suam sententiam perduxit. 

Decoy, s. illecebra, lenocinium. IT A 

decoy (decoyer), allector, illex; illecebra. 

Decoying, s. illecebra. 

DECREASE, v. decresco, minuor, minuo, 
deminuor, imminuor. 

Decrease, subst. deminutio, defectio. 

DECREE, edictum, decretum, institu- 
tum, placitum; constitutum, consul- 
turn. — A decree of the senate {sanctioned 
by the tribunes), senatus consultum ; 
(not), senatus auctoritas. — A decree of 
state, edictum, lex, decretum. — of wise 
men, preescriptum, institutum, placitum ; 

enuntiatio. IT {judgment), senten- 

tia; (of an umpire), arbitrium. IT A 

decree or purpose, propositum. 

To Decree (ordain), decerno, jubeo, impe- 
ro, mando : (purpose), statuo, constituo. 

DECREPIT, decrepitus, confectus senec- 

Decrepitude (decrepit old age), setas de- 
crepita or summa. 

DECRY (disparage), alicujus existima- 
tionem lffidere ; de fama. alicujus detra- 
here, alicui infamise notam inurere; in- 
famare, dehonestare. 

DEDICATE, dedico, sacro, consecro; (a 
book, &c), dico, nuncupo. 

Dedicator, qui dicat or dedicat. 

Dedication, dedicatio, consecratio. — 
The dedication of a church, encsenia, pi. 

DEDUCE (derive), duco, deduce-; (infer), 
aliquid ex aliqua re inferre, colligere. 

DEDacTioN (inference), conclusio. — Is 
not this deduction correct! satisne hoc 
conclusum est? 

DEDUCT, subtraho, detraho. 

Deduction, decessio, deductio. 

DEED (action), factum, facinus. % good 

deed (benefit), beneficium. — An ill deed, 
maleficium, delictum, flagitium, scelus, 
nefas, factum or facinus nefarium. — 
Deeds in war, res (in) bello gestae, res 
gestas. — An excellent deed, egregie or 
egregium factum ; facinus praeclarum. — 
Famous deeds, laudes ; noble ones, decora. 

— In very deed, re, re vera, reapse, re et 
veritate ; sane, profecto. — Not in word, 
but deed, non verbis, sed re. — In the 
very deed, in manifesto facrnore (e. g. 

depreuendi). IT (written instrument), 

literoe, tabula?. 

DEEM, judico, opinor ; censeo ; habeo. 

DEEP, altus, profundus; (low), depres- 
sus, demissus ; (of sound), gravis; (fast, 
as sleep), artiis ; (deep, horizontally), la- 
tus : — (greaV , magnus, sumtnus ; (un- 
bounded, unchecked), profundus. — Very 
deep, praealtus. — He is in a deep study, 
attentius cogitat ; meditabundus est. — 
I fetched a deep sigh, traxi ex imo pec- 
tore suspirium. - — IT (close), recondi- 
tus, occultus, tectus ; (cunning), calli- 
dus, versutus, sagax. 

Deep, s. altum, profnndum. — Nature has 
hidden truth in the deep, natura veritatem 
in profundo abstrusit. 

Deeply, Deep, adv. alte, profunde ; arete ; 
penitus ; valde, veliementer. 

Deep-mouthed, raucisonus. 

Deep-musing, contemplativus, medita- 

Deepness, altitudo, profunditas ; latitudo 
(horizontally) : (of color), color satur. 
|| See Depth. 

DEER, cervus, cerva. — Fallow, dama 
(cervus dama, L.). — Red, cervus. 

DEFACE (disfigure), deformo, turpo ; 
deturpo, fcedo: (corrupt), corrumpo, 
perdo ; depravo, vitio. 

Defacement, deformatio, depravatio, 

DEFALCATION, deductio, decessio. 

DEFAME, aliquem criminari, de fama 
alicujus detrahere, alicui maledicere, 
alicujus existimationem violare, laede- 
re ; alicui infamiam inferre ; aliquem 
infamia aspergere ; infamem aliquem 
facere ; crimine aliquem notare. — De- 
famed, infamis, infamatus. 

Defamation, obtrectatio ; criminatio ; 

Defamatory, famosus, probrosus. 

Defamer, obtrectator, criminator. 

DEFAULT, culpa, peccatum, defectus, 
officii debiti omissio TT (lack), de- 
fectus, inopia. — In default of these 
things, si hfec deficiunt, defecerunt. 

TT In default of his appearance (in 

court), si vadimonium deseruerit. 

DEFEAT (disappoint), frustror, eludo. 

IT To defeat (an army), profligo, 

fundo, prosterno, vinco. — The army had, 
been utterly defeated, unless, actum de 
exercitu foret, ni. — To defeat the assault 
of the enemies, hostium impetum susti- 
nere et retundere. — To defeat plans, 
consilia alicujus ad vanum, ad irritum 
redigere. — Defeated (disappointed), frus- 
tratus, elusus, spe dejectus ; (ass an 
army), caesus, fusus, profligatus, pros- 
tratus, victus. 

Defeat, s. clades, strages, calamitas, prce- 
lium adversum, incommodum (subst.). 

Defeating (disappointing), frustratio. 

DEFECT (flaw), labes, vitium ; mendum. 

— (lack), quod deest, desideratur ; de- 
fectus. — of prudence, imprudentia. 

Defective, imperfectus, mancus ; 
(faulty), vitiosus. — To be defective, 
deficio, desum. 

DEFECTION, defectio. 

DEFEND, defendo, tueor: tutor, propug- 
no. — To defend often, defensito, de- 
fenso. — To defend one's clients, patio- 
cinor. — Defended, defensus, munitus. 

Defence (guard), presidium, tutela, mu- 
nimentum ; (protection), patrocinium, 
tutela ; (vindication), propugnatio ; — 
(in pleading), defensio, propugnatio. — 
A master of defence, lanista. — To 
speak in defence of one, proaliquo verba 
facere, alicui patrocinari. — To stand in 
defence of, aliquem defendere, protegere ; 
ab aliquo stare. — To fight in one's own 
defence, pro salute sua pugnare ; armis se 
defendere. — In the defence of, pro, a, ab. 

Defenceless, sine prasidio ; indefen- 
sus ; inermis, imparatus. 

Defendant, unde petitur. 

Defender, defensor, propugnator, vin- 
dex; (advocate), patronus, advocatus. 

Defensible, qui defendi potest. 

Defensive arms, anna ad tegendum. — 
To be upon the defensive, act defensively, 
hostibus signa inferentibus resistere ; 
bellum illatum defendere, bellum de- 
fendere, bellum arcere. 

DEFER, (delay), differo, profero, procras- 

tino, produco. TT (show deference), 

aliquem vereri, revered, colere. 

Deference (respect), observantia, vere- 
cundia, honor. 

Deferring,. cunctatio, dilatio, procrasti- 
natio ; mora. 

DEFIANCE (challenge), provocatio. — 
A letter of defiance, liters provocatorise. 

— To bid defiance to one, aliquem ad pug- 

nam, certamen provocare, lacessere. 

TT (contempt), contemptus, despicientia ; 
contumacia. — To bid defiance to, con- 
tumacem esse in aliquem, adversus 
aliquid. — to law and justice, omnia 
jura humana ac divina contemnere. — 
to danger, obviam ire periculis. — to re- 
ligion, religioni inimicitias denuntiare. 

— Living in open defiance of religion, a 

religione alienus or abhorrens. 

|| See Defu. 

DEFICIENT, imperfectus, mancus. — 
To be deficient, deficio, desideror. 

Deficiency, defectio, defectus. 

DEFILE, (pollute), fcedo, contamino, in- 
quino, coinquino ; polluo: (deflower), 
vitio, stupro, constupro ; virgini pudici- 
tiae vitium afferre : (with dirt), conspur- 
co, oblino : (by profaneness), violo, sce- 
lero, conscelero, profano. — He defiles 
his oion nest, in sinum suum conspuit. — 
Not defiled, intaminatus.purus,sine labe. 

Defilement, pollutio,commaculatio,con- 

Defiler, temerator, corruptor. 

DEFILE, v. n. in acie procedere ; (through 
a pass), per angustias iter habere, agmen 
per angustias porrigitur. 

Defile (strait passage) , angustias viarum ; 
fauces (pass between hills). 

DEFINE, definio, describo ; (limit), fini- 
bus suis circumscribere or terminare. 

Definite, definitus, circumscriptus. 

Definition, definitio, rei alicujus brevis 

Definitive, certus ; decretorius. — peace, 
pax certa. 

Definitively, definite ; distincte ; cer- 

DEFLOWER, violo, vitio, stupro, com- 


DEFORM, deformo, turpo, deturpo, cor- 
rumpo, in pejus fingere, depravo. 

Deforming, s. deformatio. 

Deformed, deformatus, deformis; pravus. 

Deformity, deformitas, turpitudo, foedi- 
tas ; pravitas membrorum, corporis ; pro- 
brum corporis. 

DEFRAUD, fraudo, defraudo, circum- 
scribo ; alicui impono. 

Defrauder, fraudator. 

Defrauding, s. fraudatio. 

DEFRAY, erogo, praebeo. — one's charges, 
sumptus alicui suppeditare, subminis- 
trare. — Defrayed, so.lutus, erogatus. 

Defraying, pecuniae erogatio. 

DEFUNCT (dead), mortuus, fato functus. 

DEFY, ad pugnam or certamen aliquem 
provocare. — J defy you to explain this 
riddle, hoc aenigma, si solveris, eris 
mini magnus Apollo, or alter GEdipus. 
TT (bid defiance), see Defiance. 


Degeneracy, a virtute majorum decessio ; 
corruptio or depravatio moriim. 

To Degenerate, degenero ; degenerare 
a parentibus (a majoribus) ; corrurnpi, 
depravari, deteriorem fieri, esse. 

DEGRADE, loco movere ; ex superiore 
ordine in infefiorem detrudere ; in or- 
dinem cogere ; militandi ordinem ali- 
cui mutare. — He is degraded of all his 
honors, ex altissimo dignitatis gradu 
deturbatus est, a dignitate est depulsus. 

Degradation, ab ordine motio, alicujus 
de gradu honoris or dignitatis dejectio ; 
capitis diminntio. 

DEGREE, gradus ; (rank), ordo, hono- 
ris or dignitatis gradus. — The highest 
degree of honor, sum mum honoris fas- 
tigium, summus honor, altissimus dig- 
nitatis gradus. — A person of high de- 
gree, homo illustri genere natus. — Of 
low degree, homo infimo loco natus ; 
homo obscuris ortus majoribus. — To 
reach the highest degree of wisdom, ad 
altissimum gradum sapientiaepervenire. 

6. high degree of cold, frigus immodi- 

cum ; frigus intolerable. — In a high 
degree, valde, magnopere ; higher, ma- 
gis or majus (as, aliquid majus habere) ; 
the highest, maximopere, summopere. 

— To such a degree of boldness, eo auda- 
cise. — By degrees, sensim, gradatim, 
pedetentim. — An academical degree, 
honoris academici gradus. — Having 
taken a degree, primam lauream adep- 
tus or consecutus. 

DEIFY, ex homine deum facere ; in deo- 
rum numerum referre.' 

Deification, consecratio; apotheosis. 

Deified, divus. 

DEIGN, dignari, haud gravari. 

Deigning, dignatio. 

DEIST, deista. 

Deism, deismus. 

DEITY, numen ; deus. 

DEJECT, animum alicujus afHigere, fran- 
gere, infringere, debilitare ; aliquem 
contristare, dolore aliquem afficere. — 
one's self, dolere, in dolore esse, in 
maerore jacere, dolore angi. — Dejected, 
dolens, mserens, animo fractus, tristis, 
maestus, a?ger animi, abjectus, afflictus. 

Dejectedly, anxie, masste, sollicite. — 
To look dejectedly, subtristem videri. 

Dejection, dolor, maestitia, tristitia, ma3- 
ror, asgritudo. 

DELAY, mora, cunctatio, retardatio, 
commoratio. — Without delay, sine mo- 
ra, sine cunctatione ; abjecta omni 
cunctatione. TT (putting off to an- 
other time), dilatio, procrastinatio, pro- 
latio, productio. 

To Delay, differo, procrastino, profe- 
ro, produco, traho, extraho ; moror, 
remoror, tardo, retardo : — v. n. rao- 
rari, moram facere, cunctari, grava- 
x\, — When he delayed the matter from 
day to day, quum diem de die traheret. 

— He delayed it till winter, rem in hie- 
mem produxit. — I delayed not the doing 
of it, id ego sine mora feci. — He delayed 
the payment of the debt, sustinuit solu- 
tionem nominis. — To delay the trial 
of a cause, comperendino. — judgment, 
amplio ; cognitionem sustinere. 

DELECTABLE, gratus, amcenus, jucun- 
dus, suavis. || See Charming. 

Delectably, amceniter, jucunde, ve- 
nuste, facete, lepide. 




DELEGATE (appoint), delego. 

Delegate, s. legatus, apocletus. — A 
judge delegate, recuperator, judex datus. 

Delegation, delegation (delegates), apo- 
cleti, legati. ' 

DELETERIOUS, mortifer; exitiosus, per- 

DELF (mine), fodina. 

DELIBERATE, de aliqua re deliberare 
or consultare, deliberationem habere. 

Deliberate, adj. (circumspect), cautus, 
consideratus, circumspectus, prudens. 

Deliberately (not hastily), caute, con- 
sults, cogitato, prudenter, considerate : 
(on set purpose), de industrial ; dedita or 
data opera. — To act deliberately, caute 
or prudenter aliquid agere ; adhibito 
consilio res suas componere, adminis- 

Deliberation,, deliberatio, consultation 
consilium. — Mature, consultatio accu- 
rata ; deliberatio cauta. 

Deliberative, deliberative. 

DELICATE (beautiful), pul cher, venustus, 
nitidus: (dainty), delicatus, lautus, sub- 
tilis palati, lautitiarum studiosus : (of 
food), delicatus, lautus, suavis : (excel- 
lent), eximius, exquisitus : (soft), deli- 
catus, mollis, tener, tenellus : (nice), 
subtilis, teres, fastidiosus ; difficilis, lu- 
bricus. — A delicate (spruce) person, tros- 
sulus, homo eleganter vestitus. — com- 
plexion, color suavis. — jest, jocus urba- 
nus et ingeniosissimus. — expression, 
sententia acuta, concinna, exquisita. — 
To' make delicate, mollio. Made deli- 
cate, mollitus. 

Delicately (gracefully), venuste, lepide ; 
(excellently), eximie, exquisite ; (softly), 
delicate, molliter; (nicely), subtiliter ; 
(carefully), caute. 

Delicacy (beauty), venustas. — The deli- 
cacy or neatness of apiece of work, operis 
elegantia; opus exquisiti or elegantis 
artificii. IT (softness), mollitia natu- 
ral. — Delicacy of style, oratio maxime 
limata et subtilis, oratio tersa et elegans. 

IT (of feeling), mollitudo humani- 

tatis ; verecundia. IT (care), cau- 

tio, circumspectio. TF See Dainty. 

DELICIOUS, delicatus, suavis. 

Deliciously, delicate, suaviter, opipare, 

Deliciousness, suavitas. 

DELIGHT, voluptas, suavitas, delectatio, 
oblectatio, oblectamentum, delectamen- 
tum, gaudium ; laetitia. — / am weary 
of those delights, satietas jam me tenet 
istorum studiorum. — I took a great de- 
light in his conversation, ejus sermone 
cupide fruebar. — I take delight in that, 
in eo me oblecto. — Delights, deiicire, pi. 
— Those delights are only fit for children, 
ista sunt delectamentapuerorum. 

To Delight (be delightful to), delecto, ob- 
lecto, juvo ; animum suavitate explere, 
voluptate aliquem afficere, perfundere ; 
permulcere. — To delight one's self, se 
delectare, se oblectare", delectari, oblec- 
tari aliqua re ; voluptatem capere, per- 
cipere ex aliqua re ; pascere animum or 
pasci aliqua re. — It delights, juvat, de- 
lectat. — Delighted, delectatus, volupta- 
te affectus. 

Delightful, laetus, jucundus, suavis, de- 
lectationem afferens ; amcenus. See 
Charming, Beautiful. 

Delightfully, suaviter, jucunde, laete, 
cum voluptate. 

Delightfulness, suavitas, amosnitas 

DELINEATE, delineo, describo, designo, 
adumbro ; exaro. 

Delineation, descriptio, designatio, de- 
fortnatio, adumbratio ; forma, figura, 
species; imago; rei alicujus forma ru- 

DELINQUENT, qui officio suo deest, of- 
ficium deserit ; nocens, noxius. 

Delinquency, delictum, culpa. 

DELIRIOUS, mente captus, delirus, de- 
lirio affectus, furiosus. — To become de- 
lirious, mente alienari, mente labi. — 
To be delirious, mente captum, aliena- 
tum esse, mentis suae non esse ; furere. 

Delirium, mentis alienatio, mens alienata, 

DELIVER to, do, trado : —from or out of, 
libero, expedio, eripio, eruo. — Deliver 
me from these evils, eripe me bis malis. 

Delivered, liberatus, solutus, expedi- 

tus ; liber, vacuus. — To deliver aphing 

asked for, subministro. — To deliver 
down from hand to hand, per man us tra- 
dere. — To deliver into one's hands, in 
alicujus potestatem tradere, alicui de- 
dere. — To deliver a letter, literas alicui 
reddere. — To deliver in trust, fidei ali- 
cujus rem committere, credere, concre- 

dere, tradere.. 1T To deliver a speech, 

orationem habere, agere, dicere ; verba 
facere. — a commission, mandatum ex- 
sequi, persequi, peragere. IT To de- 
liver (as a midwife), obstetricor; mulieri 
parturienti adesse or suppetias or opem 
ferre. — To be delivered of young, pario, 
partum edere or eniti. — Mcmena is de- 
livered of two boys, geminos Alcmena 
enititur. — To be delivered before the time, 

abortum facere. IT To deliver up 

(resign), resigno ; (betray), prodo. 

Deliverance, liberatio ; absolutio. — The 
deliverance (ransoming) of a captive, cap- 
tivi redemptio. 

Deliverer, liberator, servator, vindex. 
& deliverer up, traditor, proditor. 

Delivery of goods to one, rerum vendi- 
tarum traditio. IT Delivery (in speak- 
ing), actio; pronuntiatio; elocutio 

To have a good delivery, bene, commode 
dicere. IT A woman's delivery, par- 
tus, puerperium. 

DELL (pit), fovea. 

DELUDE (mock, deceive), ludo, deludo, 
illudo ; rideo, derideo, irrideo. — To de- 
lude with fair pretences, deludifico, ines- 
co ; ludos aliquem facere, dolis ductare. 

Delusion, irrisio, defraudatio. — By way 
of delusion, cum irrisione ; per ridicu- 
lum or deridiculum. 

Deluding, Delusive, fallax, fraudulen- 
tus ; ludificabilis, Plaut. 

DELUGE (flood), diluvium ; inundatio, 
Col. ; cataclysmus, Varro. 

To Deluge, inundo. 

DELVE, fodio, defodio. — Delved, fossus, 

Delver, fossor. 

Delving, fossio. 

DEMAGOGUE, homo rerum novarum 
cupidus, rerum novarum molitor, tur- 
bator plebis or vulgi ; concionator. 

DEMAND (require), exigo, requiro, postu- 
lo. — The nature of the case demands it, 

res ipsa id exigit or postulat. 

IT (claim), postulo ; posco : (ask), rogo, 
interrogo, quaaro. — To demand a ques- 
tion, interrogo, aliquid ab aliquo scis- 
citari, aliquem de re aliqua percunc- 
tari ; aliquid de or ex aliquo quaerere. — 
To demand money for a thing, indico. — 
What do you demand for it? quanti indi- 
cas ? — To demand a debt, appello, debi- 
tum exigere, poscere, postulare. — To 
demand reparation, res repetere, jus re- 

Demand (claim), postulatum, rogatum. 
— He makes his demand, postulatum in- 
terponit. — I promise to pay upon demand, 
pecuniam debitam tibi solvam quando- 
cunque postulaveris. — To hear one's de- 
mands, de alicujus postulatis cognoscere. 

6. little demand, rogatiuncula. — To 

give a receipt in full of all demands, quid- 
quid debeatur acceptum alicui referre. 
IT (petition), petitio, rogatio. 

Demanding, s. (asking), interrogatio, per- 
cunctatio ; (requiring), postulatio, pos- 
tulatus. — A frequent demanding, rogita- 

DEMEAN one's self, se gerere. 

Demeanor, mores, modus se gerendi. — 
Fair demeanor, comitas, urbanitas.- 

DEMERIT, meritum ; culpa. 

DEMESNE, praedia of the king, pra- 

dia regia, publica. 

DEMIGOD, heros; poet, semideus. 

DEMISE (death), mors, obitus, decessus. 

To Demise (&eg , Mea£/i),testamento donare, 

DEMOCRAT, qui populi causam agit ; 
populi potential amicus. 

Democracy, populi potentia or imperium, 
populi potestas omnium rerum; civitas 
(respublica) popularis, civitas quae a 
populo tenetur, respublica quae populi 
potestate regitur. 

Democratic, popularis. 

DEMOLISH, demolior, destruo, affligo, 
perdo, diruo, everto, deturbo, disjicio. 

Demolisher, eversor, demolitor, perditor. 

Demolishing, Demolition, demolitio, 
disturbatio, eversio. 

DEMON, deemon. 

Demoniac, lymphaticus; furiosus. 

DEMONSTRATE, argumentis docere, 
demonstro, aliquid alicui probo ; efheere, 
vincere, evincere. — Demonstrated, de- 
monstrates, manifestus, evidens. 

Demonstrable, quod argumentis doceri 
potest, quod probari potest. 

Demonstrably, clare, aperte, manifeste. 

Demonstration, probatio, demonstratio, 
ratio necessaria, apodixis. 

Demonstrative, demonstrative. 

Demonstratively, apertissime, planissi- 
me, necessario. 

DEMUR, demoror, exceptionem or mo- 
ram actioni objicere, cognitionem susti- 
nere. IT To demur upon a thing (de- 
lay), hffisito, cunctor ; moras trahere or 

Demur, Demurrer, mora, exceptio dila- 

Demurring, exceptionis objectatio, jii- 
dicii dilatio. 

DEMURE (bashful), verecundus, modes- 
tus, pudens; (reserved), taciturnus. — 
Very demure, permodestus, perverecun- 
dus. — To make a very demure face, vul- 
tum fingere. 

Demurely, modeste, pudice, verecunde, 

Demure ness, modestia, verecundia, pu- 
dor; (reservedness), taciturnitas. 

DEN, antrum, latibulum ; specus, latebra, 
caverna. — in a rock, spelunca. — A 
fox's den, vulpis fovea. — To lurk in a 
den, delitesco. — Full of dens, latebro- 
sus, cavernosus. 

DENIAL. See Deny. 

DENIER (piece of money), denarius. 

DENIZEN, civitate donatus, civis. — A 
denizen of a town which was free of Rome, 

To Denizen, aliquem civitate donare. 

DENOMINATE, denomino. — Denomi- 
nated, cognominatus, denominatus. 

Denomination, nominatio ; nomen, ap- 
pellatio; genus. 

Denominator of a fraction, index. 

DENOTE, denoto, designo; indico, signi- 
fico, indicioesse. 

Denoting, notatio, designatio. 

DENOUNCE, denuntio, edico, indico; 

Denunciation, denuntiatio, comminatio, 

DENSE, densus. 

Density, densitas. 

DENT (notch), crena. 

To Dent (notch), crenas incidere ; denti- 
bus instruere. 

DENTAL, dentalis ; dentatus. 

DENTIFRICE, dentifricium. 

DENY (refuse to grant), nego, denego, 
recuso. — None will deny that, illud ne- 
mo inficias ibit. — Denied, negatus, re- 
pulsus. — You shall not be denied, nullam 
patiere repulsam. — To deny with a loud 
voice, reclame — To deny to do a thing, 
detrecto. — To deny the faith, fidem ab- 
negare. — To deny one entrance into the 
town, oppido aliquem prohibere. — To 

deity with an oath, abjuro, dejero To 

deny stiffly or utterly, abnego, pern ego. — 
To deny one's self pleasures, a voluptati- 
bus abstinere. — To deny by a nod, ab- 
nuo. Men deny, negatur. 

Denial, repulsa, denegatio, recusatio ; in- 
fitiatio ; negatio. 

Deniable, quod negari potest. 

DEPART, abeo, discedo, abscedo, dece- 
do, recedo, proficiscor: absisto, descis- 
co. — After I departed from you, ut abii 
abs te. — To depart out of an office, ma- 
gistratu abire. — To depart from the 
truth, a vero aberrare. — To depart out 
of, emigro, abeo, exeo. — To give one 
leave to depart, alicui discedendi copiam 
or potestatem facere. — To depart this 
life (to die), decedo, morior, mortem 
obire, e vita decedere. — To depart or 
go aside, secedo. — Departed (gone 
aioay), profectus. — Departed (dead), 
mortuus, exstinctus, vita defunctus. 

Departure, discessus, abitus ; abitio, 
abscessus, decessus. — A departing 
forth, profectio. — A departing from this 
life, excessus (e vita), obitus. 

DEPARTMENT, munus, provincia. 

DEPEND upon., ex aliquo or aliqua re 
pendere, in aliqua re situm or positum 
esse, in aliqua re verti. — All depends 




upon one man, omnia consistunt penes 
unum. — To depend on a person, aliquo 
niti, in alicujus fide requiescere, in hu- 
manitate alicujus causam suam repo- 
nere. — You may depend upon my affection 
and all the service I am capable of, a me 
omnia in te summa studia officiaque 
exspecta. — To depend upon or infer each 
other, reciprocor, mutuo se inferre. 

Dependent, pendens ex aliquo (aliqua 
re) ; indigens alicujus; nixus, innixus, 
fretus. IT A dependant, cliens. 

Dependence (prop), fulcrum ; (trust), 
fiducia. — Our dependence is in God's 
providence, nos divinas providentiae per- 
mittimus, subjicimus. — A mutual de- 
pendency, mutua inter duos homines 

Depending. — The cause is now depend- 
ing, sub judice lis est. 

DEPICT, depingo. 

DEPLORE, deploro, lamentor ; defleo. 

Deplorable, flebilis, lamentabilis, mise- 
rabilis, miserandus, miser, tristis. 

Deploring, s. ploratus. 

DEPONENT (witness), testis juratus. 

DEPOPULATE, populor, depopulor, vas- 
to, desolo ; loco solitudinem inferre. 

Depopulation, vastatio, populatio, depo- 

Depopulator, vastator, depopulator. 

DEPORT one's self, se gerere. 

Deportment, modus se gerendi, mores, 
vitce ratio, agendi vivendique ratio. 

DEPOSE a person from his office, loco suo 
aliquem movere, alicui magistratum 
abrogare, abolere ; aliquem a munere 

removere. IT To depose upon oath, 

jurejurando affirmare. 

Deposition, amotio muneris. IT A 

deposition of witnesses, testimonium, tes- 
tificatio, testatio. 

DEPOSIT (lay down), depono. — - 1T To 
deposit or trust a thing with one, fidei ali- 
cujus aliquid committere, credere, com- 

Deposit, depositum ; pignus (pledge). 

Depositary, sequester, depositi custos. 

DEPRAVE, depravo, perverto, corrum- 

Depravation, depravatio, corruptio; per- 

Depravity, pravitas, mores depravati, 

Depraver, corruptor. 

DEPRECATE, deprecor. 

Deprecation, dejrecatio. 

Deprecatory, culpam a se amovens. 

DEPRECIATE, despicere, parvi ducere 
or aestimare ; pretium imminuere. — 
Depreciated, despectus, parvi aestimatus, 

DEPREDATION (robbery), direptio, spo- 
liatio, vastatio ; rapina, latrocinium. 

DEPRESS, deprimo, detrudo ; (sadden), 
contristo, dolore afneere. (See Deject.) 

— To depress or humble one, alicujus 
superbiam frangere or arrogantiam re- 
priinere. — Depressed, depressus, re- 

Depression, oppressio ; alicujus arrogan- 
tire coercitio ; tristitia, maestitia ; ani- 
mus fractus. 

DEPRIVE, privo, orbo, spolio ; eripio. — 
To deprive of authority, majestatem, dig- 
nitatem, potestatem, magistratum ali- 
cui abrogare. — To deprive of life, exani- 
mo, anima privare or spoliare. — Depriv- 
ed, pri vatus, spoliatus, exu tus, orbatus. — 
The city was deprived of citizens, urbs vi- 

duata fuit civibus. If (disinherit), 

exheredo, exheredem scribere. 

Deprivation, privatio. 

DEPTH, altitudo ; profunditas : — (as a 
place), altum, profundum ; vorago 
(abyss) : — (horizontal depth), latitude 

— Depth of voice, vox gravis. — The 
depth of the wisdom of Ood, summa Dei 
sapientia. — In the depth of winter, sum- 
mi or media hieme. — In the depth of 
the sea, in profundo maris. — To be out 
of one's depth in water, terram pede non 

posse contingere. 6f swallowing depth, 

gurges ; vorago. IT (acuteness), sum- 
ma ingenii acies, acumen occultissima 

DEPUTE, rei alicui gerendae aliquem 
praeficere, destinare, assignare. — De- 
puted, allegatus, delegatus; alicui ne- 
gotio praefectus. 

Deputation, legatio; legati. 

Deputy, vicarius ; legatus ; optio. — A 
deputy governor, gubernator vicarius. 

DERANGE, turbare, perturbare, miscere ; 
mentem alienare. 

Derangement, implicatio, perturbatio ; 
(of mind), alienatio mentis, mens alie- 
nata, error mentis. 

DERELICTION, derelictio, desertio. 

DERIDE, derideo, irrideo. — Derided, de- 
risus, irrisus, ludificatus. — Deriding, 
dicteria conjiciens, sale defricans. 

Derider, irrisor, derisor. — in a play, san- 
nio, mimus. 


Derision, irrisus, derisus ; irrisio. — To 
be had in derision, ludibrium esse, alicui 
ludibrio esse ; ludibrio haberi. 

DERIVE, derivo, duco, deduco. — origin 
from one, originem ducere, trahere ab 

aliquo one word from another, verbum 

ducere, flectere ab altero (as to origin) ; 
verbum derivare ab aliquo (form from 
another, as Pelides from Peleus). — To 
be derived, originem trahere ab aliquo ; 
flecti, flexum esse, (e. g~. de Graeco) ; ori- 
ri, exoriri, nasci, manare, proficisci. 

Derivation, origo ; derivatio verbi; ori- 
ginatio verbi. 

Derivative, qui derivator. — A deriva- 
tive word, vox ab alia voce derivata. 

Derivatively, per modum derivationis. 

DEROGATE, derogo, detraho. 

Derogation, derogatio, detractio. — An 
act of derogation, dehonestamentum. 

Derogatory, ignominiosus, probrosus ; 
iniquus, alienus, (with the dat.). — It is 
by no means derogatory to our honor, glo- 
riam nostram nequaquam minuet. 

DESCANT (in music), sonus modulatus 
or crebrius variatus. 

To Descant (sing descant), vocem canen- 

do modulari, voce modulala canere. 

U To descant upon, commentor. 

DESCEND, descendo. — To descend (set- 
tle) to the bottom, subsido. IT (as to 

family), genus deducere ab aliquo. — 
Descended (sprung), ortus, satus, natus, 
oriundus. — Stock descended of JEneas, 

genus ab JEnel demissum. IT To 

descend to particulars, singulas partes or 
singula capita enumerare. 

Descending, as a hill, declivis. 

Descent, descensio, descensus. — The 
descent of a hill, declivitas. IT (inva- 
sion), irruptio, incursio, incursus. — To 
make a descent upon the enemies, hostes 
adoriri, invadere ; in hostes irrumpere ; 
in hostes irruptionem or incursionem fa- 
cere. IT (by birth), origo ; genus. 

DESCRIBE, describo, depingo, exprimo, 
delineo, deformo ; complector. — lively, 
graphice or ad vivum depingere. — De- 
scribed, descriptus, depictus, expressus. 

Describer, qui describit or depingit ; 
scriptor, explicator. — of countries, qui 
regiones describit, chorographus. — of 
the earth, qui terram describit, geogra- 
phus. — of places, qui loca describit, 
topographus. — of the world, qui mun- 
dum describit, cosmographus. 

Description, descriptio. — The descrip- 
tion of a country, loci descriptio, choro- 
graphia. — of places, locorum descrip- 
tio, topographia. — of the world, mundi 
descriptio, cosmographia. — By all de- 
scription, quantum ex descriptione con- 
jici potest. 

DESCRY (spy out), speculor, conspicor; 
(discover), detego, explore 

Descrying (spying out), conspectus, ex- 
ploratio ; (discovering), patefactio. 

DESECRATE (unhallow), desecro. 

DESERT, adj. vastus; desertus; incul- 
tus. — To make so, vastare, devastare. 

Desert, subst. loca deserta; regio vasta 
or deserta; solitudo vasta or deserta. — 
To live in a desert, in solitudine vitam 
agere, inter feras vitam agere. — To re- 
tire into a desert, in solitudinem disce- 

dere or se conferre. 1| Desert (merit), 

see under Deserve. 

DESERT, v. (forsake), desero, destituo, 

derelinquo. l\To desert (of a soldier), 

signa deserere or relinquere, desertis 
signis ad hostem transire. 

Deserter, desertor; transfuga, perfuga. 
(See the Lex. under Transfuga.) 

Desertion, desertio, derelictio. IT (of 

a soldier), desertio ; transitio ad hostem. 

DESERVE, mereo, mereor, commereo, 
commereor, promereo, promereor, dig- 

nura esse aliqua re. — Let him have ac- 
cording as he deserves, quod meritus est 
ferat. — I deserved it, jure obtigit. — You 
think you deserve to be praised for that, 
id tibi laudi ducis. — I have deserved no 
such thing at your hands, immerito meo 
hoc facis. — To deserve credit, fide dig- 
num esse. — He deserves praise, dignus 

est, qui laudetur To deserve well of 

one, mereri, merere (or bene mereri,me- 
rere) de aliquo. — Deserved, meritus, 

Deservedly, merito. 

Deserving person, vir genere, virtute, 
sanctitate, rebus gestis, clarus, illustris, 
nobilis ; homo quantivis pretii. — Well- 
deserving, bene meritus, merens, pro- 
meritus de, etc. 

Desert (merit), dignitas, virtus: meri- 
tum, promeritum. — It is not more than 
your desert, meritum est tuum. — He 
shall have his deserts, pragmium se dig- 
num feret. — Regard should be had to 
desert, delectus esset dignitatis. — / 
could never be able to commend you accord- 
ing to your deserts, nunquam te satis pro 
dignitate laudare possem. — According 
to your desert, pro dignitate tua ; pro 
merito tuo ; merito. 

DESIGN (contrive), machinor, meditor, 
incepto ; molior : (appoint), assigno, 

destino : (resolve), statuo, constituo. 

IT (draio a sketch of), adumbro, delineo, 
describo, designo. 

Design, s. (purpose, resolution) , consilium, 
propositum, institutum. — I had a design 
to go into Cilicia, mini erat in animo 
proficisci in Ciliciam. — With what de- 
sign do you mention these things? quor- 

smn haec dicis ? IT (sketch), adum- 

bratio, rudis descriptio or designatio ; 
ichnographia (ground-plan) : — (as an 

art), pictura linearis ; graphis. 

IT (plot), molitio, in'ceptum. — To enter- 
tain an ill design, scelus in aliquem co- 

Designation, designatio. 

Designedly, de industria, dedita opera, 
consulto et cogitato. 

Designer, designator. 

Designing (crafty), astutus, callidus, ver- 

DESIRE, s. (wish), optatio (the act) ; 
optatum ; desiderium, studium, vo- 
tum ; cupiditas, cupido. — He has per- 
formed my desire, votum meum imple- 
vit. — It has happened according to my 
desire, ex animi sententia. successit, vo- 
torum sum compos ; potior votis. Ac- 
cording to one's desire, ex sententia, ex 

animo. IT (request), rogatio, postu- 

latum ; rogatus, in abl. — Is this your 
desire ? hoccine qusesivisti ? — It is not 
my desire that, &c, nihil postulo, ut, etc. 
— A humble desire, obsecratio, obtestatio. 

— I do a thing by desire, rogatus aliquid 

To Desire (wish), cupio, concupisco, ex- 
peto ; desidero, opto, exopto. — earnest- 
ly, ardeo. — I desire no more, sat habeo. 

— He desires to speak with you, te con- 

ventum expetit. IT (request), peto, 

requiro. — My desire is, that, &c, quod 
peto et volo est, ut, etc. — / desire but 
this of you, hoc modo te obsecro. — He 

desires but reason, aequum postulat To 

desire humbly, obtestor, supplico, oro. — 
lamentably, imploro. — earnestly, expeto, 
obsecro.— importunately, flagito, efnagito. 

Desirable, appetendus, expetendus, op- 
tandus, optabilis, cupiendus. — More, 

Desirous, avidus, cupidus. — Very de- 
sirous, perstudiosus, percupidns. 

Desirously, cupide, avide, studiose. 

DESIST, desisto, absisto, desino, cesso ; 
aliquid omittere. 

Desisting, derelictio, cessatio, omissio. 

DESK, mensa scriptoria ; (reading-desk), 

DESOLATE, desertus, vastus, desolatus : 
(full of grief), afflictus, msestus, tris- 
tis, majrore plenus : (loithout comfort), 
solatii expers ; solatio carens. — Made 
desolate, vastatus, devastatus, depopu- 
late, desolatus. & making desolate, 

vastatio, depopulatio. 

To Desolate, vasto, devasto, populor, 
depopulor, desolo. 

Desolateness, Desolation, (ravage or 
ruin), vastitas ; ruina. 1T Desolate- 




ness (want of comfort), asgritudo, maeror, 

DESPAIR, v. desperare (de re, rem, rei 
[dat.], or ace. and inrin.) ; aniraum de- 
spondere, omnem spem abjicere. — To 
cause one to despair, alicui omnem spem 
adimere, auferre, eripere. — To despair 
of a sick man, Begrum deponere, aegro- 
tum desperare. — I am despaired of, 
desperor. — Despaired of, desperatus, 

Despair, Desperation, desperatio. 

Despairingly, omni spe abjecta. 

Desperate, desperatus ; exspes, spe ca- 
rens, spe dejectus : (rash), temerarius : 
(dangerous), discriminis plenus, peri- 

culosus, anceps. My case is desperate 

de meis rebus actum est. — A desperate 
situation, desperatio rerum omnium. — 
To grow desperate, spem abjicere ; in 
aperta flagitia erumpere. 

Desperately, perdite, misere, periculose. 

— He is desperately in love, perdite amat, 
amore deperditus est. 

Desperado (desperate person), perditus, 
furiosus, vesanus. 

DESPATCH (accomplish), expedio, pera- 
go, conficio, perficio ; (hasten), maturo, 
accelero. — He despatched the matter 
very quickly, mM celeritate rem peregit. 

— Despatched, confectus, peractus, ab- 
solutus, expeditus. — It shall be de- 
spatched quickly, expedite effectum da- 

bitur. IT (send), mitto, dimitto ; ab- 

lego. — To despatch out of the way, 

amando. IT (kill one quickly), cito 

interimere, occidere, interficere. 

Despatch, s. expeditio, festinatio, prope- 
ratio. — Desirous of despatch, conficiendae 

rei cupidus. IT A despatch (packet of 

letters), fasciculus epistolarum ; (a let- 
ter), Yiteras. 

Despatching, expeditio, perfectio. 

DESPERATE, &c. See under Despair. 

DESPISE, contemno, despicio ; sperno, 
aspernor^ nullo loco numerare ; magno 
cum fastidio praeterire, nihili aestimare 
or ducere ; fastidio. — worldly things, 
externa omnia negligere. — To be de- 
spised, contemni, sperni, despici, despi- 
catui duci. 

Despiser, contemptor, contemptrix. 

Despising, despectus, despicatus, con- 
temptus ; despicientia ; contemptio. 

Despicable, Despisable, contemnendus, 
despiciendus, aspernandus. 4 despi- 
cable fellow, homo tressis, abjectus, vilis. 

Despicableness, vilitas. 

Despicably, viliter, abjecte, sordide. 

DESPITE (malice), malignitas, invidia, 
malitia: (scorn), despectus, contemptus. 
— In despite of one, ingratiis,aliquo invito. 

Despiteful, malignus, malevolus, in- 

Despitefully, contumeliose, maligne. 

DESPOIL, spolio, vasto, eripio, nudo, 

DESPOND, animum despondere. — 1| See 

Despondency, desperatio, spei abjectio. 

DESPOT, princeps (rex, etc.) cujus arbi- 
trium pro legibus est ; dominus, tyran- 
nus, rex. 

Despotic, summus (e. g. imperium) : — 
imperiosus, superbus, crudelis. 

Despotism, dominatio, imperium sum- 
mum ; superbia, impotentia : (as a 
state), civitas, in qua libido principis 
pro legibus habetur. 

Despotically, imperiose. 

DESSERT, bellaria, tragemata. 

DESTINE, destino, designo. 

Destination, destinatio, designatio. 

IT (of a traveller), locus, quo tendit. 

DESTINY, fatum, sors.— To bewail one's 
destiny, sortem suam plorare or mise- 
rari. — To read one's destiny, quid ali- 
cui accidere possit conjectare. — Of 
destiny, fatalis. — By destiny, fataliter, 
necessario. IT The Destinies, Parcae. 

DESTITUTE, egenus ; inops. — of food, 
cibo egens. — To leave destitute, ino- 
pem relinquere. 

Destitution, destitutio ; inopia. 

DESTROY, consumo, absumo, aboleo, de- 
leo, exstinguo, conficio ; concido, con- 
velo.— To be destroyed, dispereo, inte- 
reo. — I am utterly destroyed, nuUus sum. 
IT (spoil), perdo, corrumpo ; (over- 
throw), destruo, diruo, eveito, subverto ; 
(waste), vasto, devasto, populor, de- 

populor; (make havoc of), prasdor. — 
To destroy all with fire and sword, om- 
nia ferro et incendio vastare. — To de- 
stroy (raze) a city, urbem exscindere, 
destruere, evertere, diruere. 

Destroyer, confector, perditor, eversor 
vastator ; deletrix. 

Destruction, disturbatio, eversio, exci 
sio : strages, exitium, interitus, ruina 
labes ; pernicies, pestis. — of a city 

urbis excidium. IT (laying waste) 

populatio, depopulatio, vastatio, devas- 
tate ; (of people), clades, effides. — An 
utter destruction, internecio. 

Destructive, exitiosus, exitialis ; per- 

Destructively, perniciose. 

DESUETUDE, desuetudo. 

DESULTORY, desultorius. 

DETACH, deligere, seligere ; sejungere, 
segregare ; aliquo mittere. 

Detachment, delecta manus, delecti 

DETAIL, singularum rerum or partium 
enumeratio; singula, singulas res. — In 
detail, singuli, as, a; singillatim ; ordine ; 
multis verbis. 

To Detail, singulatim recitare or enu- 
merare ; rem ordine narrare. 

DETAIN (make to stay), moror, demoror, 
detineo, moram injicere ; (keep back), 
detineo, retineo ; (hinder), pragpedio. 

Detainer (confinement), captivitas ; cus- 

Detaining, Detention, reteiltio ; mora. 

DETECT, detego, retego ; patefacio, pa- 
lam facerej deprehendo. — To be de- 
tected, detegor, patefio ; deprehendor. 

Detection, patefactio, deprehensio, in- 

DETER, deterreo, absterreo. 

DETERGENT, detergens. 

DETERMINE (purpose), statuo, consti- 
tuo ; decerno, decido ; adjudico. — They 
have determined either to conquer or die, 
obstinaverunt se animis aut vincere, aut 
mod. — He is fully determined to do it, 

hoc habet obfirmatum. IT (end), 

definio, dirimo, concludo, compono, 
expedio ; (be ended), finem habere or 
capere. —. — IT (judge between party and 

party), dijudico, lites componere. 

- IT To determine beforehand, praefinio, 

praejudico. IT Determined (resolved), 

certus, decretus, definitus, statutus, 
constitutus ; (beforehand), praajudicatus, 
praefinitus: — (purposed), propositus, 
deliberatus ; — (concluded), determina- 
tus, actus, decisus, conclusus, finitus. 
— Determined by judgment, cognitus, 
judicatus. — Not determined, indefini- 

tus. IT (firm), constans, firmus, 


Determinable, quod determinari potest. 

Determinate, determinatus, certus. 

Determinately, definite ; certe. 

Determination, determinatio, decisio. — 
Till the matter was brought to a determi- 
nation, donee hoc negotium certo loco 
constitisset. 1T (resolution), consili- 
um ; sententia. 

DETERSIVE. See Detergent. 

DETEST (abhor), detestor, abominor ; 
odio habere, in aliquem odio flagrare : 
(loathe), fastidio, odi. 

Detestable, detestabilis, exsecrabilis, 
exsecrandus ; odiosus. 

Detestably, detestabilem in modum. 

Detje station, detestatio ; odium ; ani- 
mus abhorrens. 

DETHRONE, aliquem regno spoliare, 
regno pellere or expellere ; regi imperi- 
um abrogare. 

DETRACT from, de alicujus fama detra- 
here ; alicui maledicere, laudes alicu- 
jus obterere. 

Detracter, eliminator, obtrectator. 

Detraction, obtrectatio, maledictio, 
criminatio ; alicujus fama? or existima- 
tionis violatio. 

Detractingly, maledice. 

DETRIMENT, detrimentum, damnum, 

Detrimental, damnosus ; perniciosus. 

DEUCE (at dice), dyas. IT The deuce 

take you! abi in malam rem ! — Deuce 
lake it ! male vevtat ! 

DEVASTATE, vasto, devasto. 

Devastation, vastatio, depopulatio. 

DEVELOP, patefacere ; exponere. 

DEVIATE, erro ; de recta via discedere. 

— You deviate from virtue, deseris viam 
virtutis. — / have deviated from my sub- 
ject, a proposito digressus sum. 

Deviation, error, aberratio. 

DEVICE. See Devise. 

DEVIL, diabolus ; also, homo fas, a poor 
devil). — The devil rebukes sin, Clodius 
accusat mcechos. 

Devilish, diabolicus ; nefandus, foedus. 

DEVIOUS, devius ; implicatus. 

DEVISE (invent), excogito, invenio ; 
(falsely), comminiscor, fingo. — They 
devise a cunning tale between them, fin- 

-. gunt inter se quandam fallaciam. — 
Devised, excogitatus, commentitius, 

confictus, conquisitus. IT (frame, 

fashion), formo, fingo, effingo. IT (by 

will), lego, aliquid alicui testamento 
dare, relinquere. — Devised by will, le- 

Devisee, legatarius. 

Deviser, inventor, excogitator, machina- 
tor; commentor! IT (by will), legator. 

Devising, excogitatio, inventio, machi- 

Device, techna, dolus, prasstigiae, arti- 
ficium: (contrivance), commentum, ex- 
cogitatio, inventio, machinatio : (feign- 
ed story), commentum, fabula; argu- 
mentum : (on a shield), imago ; signum ; 

DEVOID, vacuus, expers, carens. 

DEVOIR. See Compliment. 

DEVOLVE, v. a. devolvo. — To devolve 
a trust, &c. upon one, aliquid alicujua 
fidei mandare, credere, committere. — 
An estate, &c. devolved upon him, ad 
ilium lege bona redierunt. 

DEVOTE, devoveo, consecro, dedico, 
nuncupo ; do, dedo, trado, addicc : 
(consign over), damno. 

Devoted, adj. deditus alicui, studiosus 
alicujus, alicujus observantissimus ; 
alicui addictus ; alicui devotus. — He is 
devoted to us, totus noster est. 

Devotedness, voluntas, benevolentia ; 
pietas ; fides ; obsequium. 

Devotee, homosuperstitiosus ; fanaticus. 

Devotion, pia meditatio ; pietas erga or 
in Deum. — Counterfeit devotion, simu- 
lata sanctitas or pietas. — To be at de- 
votion, rei divinse operam dare ; sacrls 
operari. IT (service), studium, obse- 
quium, observantia, cultus. — To beat 
one's devotion, totum ad arbitrium et 
nutum alicujus fictum esse. — I am 
entirely at your devotion, me penitus ad- 
dictum, deditum, obstrictum tibi habes. 

Devout, pius, religiosus, sanctus; re- 
ligioni or pietati deditus ; Dei sincerus 
cultor. — Devout only in show, pietatem 
in Deum simulans. — Not devout, ir- 
religiosus; superum contemptor ; parcus 
Deorum cultor et. infrequens, Hor. 

Devoutly, pie, religiose, sancte, caste, 
adoratione summa. — To pray devoutly, 
ardenter or fervide precari ; Deo sup- 

Devoutness, religio, sanctimonia, sanc- 
titas, pietas. 

DEVOUR, voro, devoro, in se ingurgita- 
re, comedo. — sweet and dainty meats, 

ligurrio. IT (consume wastefully), 

profundo, effundo ; decoquo, prodigo, 

comedo, abligurio. IT (oppress), op- 


Devouring, adj. edax, vorax. 

DEVOUT. See Devote. 

DEW, ros. — Dew falls, rorat. — The 
falling of dew, roratio. — A sprinkling- 

with dew, roris aspersio, irroratio. 

IT Dew-berries, baccae rubi repentis. — 
|| See Bedew. 

Dewy, rorulentus, roscidus, roratus j ro- 
ri similis. 

DEXTEROUS, habilis, promptus, expe- 
ditus, sollers ; dexter. 

Dexterously, expedite, perite, commode. 

Dexterity, habilitas, habitus, ars, exer- 
citatio ; ingenii dexteritas, dexteritas ; 
sollertia. — With dexterity, gnaviter, 

DIABOLICAL. See Devilish. 

Diabolically, diabolice. 

DIADEM, diadema, insigne regium. 

DIAGONAL, diagonalis ; subst. linea di- 
agonalis or diagonios. 

DIAGRAM, forma (geometrica) ; descrip- 

DIAL, horologium. 5 sundial, horolo- 

gium solarium, solarium. — The hand 




or pin of a dial, gnomon, index, stylus 

— The dial-plate, horologii facies. 
Dialling, gnomonice. 
DIALECT, linguae genus, dialectus. 
DIALOGUE, dialogus, sermo, sermones 

alterni; diverbium (in a play). 

DIAMETER, diametros. 

Diametrical, diametricus. 

Diametrically, ex diametro, per medi- 
um, directo. 

DIAMOND, adamas ; adamas ferro in- 
clusns. — Of a diamond, adamantinus. 
U The diamond at cards, rhombus. 

DIAPHORETIC, sudorem excitans. 

DIAPHRAGM (midriff), septum trans- 
versum, diaphragma. 

DIARRHCEA, alvi dejectio, alvus liqui- 
da, diarrhoea; proflnvium, Col. 

DIARY, diarium, eplieineris. 

DIBBLE (setting-stick), pastinum. 

DICE. SeeD;'e, subst. 

DICTATE, dicto, prescribe 

Dictates (precepts), dictata, praecepta, 

Dictator, dictator.— Of a dictator, Dicta- 
torial, dictator! us. 

Dictatorship, dictatura. 

DICTION, dictio. 

DICTIONARY, lexicon. 

DIDACTIC, in quo praecepta traduntur ; 
ad docendum aptus or accommodatus ; 

DIE, morior, demorior (from a number), 
emorior, intermorior (mostly of plants, 
fire, &c.) ; decedo, e vitsL cedo or disce- 
do or excedo, exire e vital ; vitam relin- 
quere ; animam exspirare or efflare ; 
exstingui; perire ; interire ; naturae sa- 
tisfacere ; mortem or diem supremum 
obire ; mortem or morte occumbere ; 
mortem oppetere. — He died two years 
ago, abhinc annos duos mortuus est. — 
Before he died, antequam a vita discede- 
ret. — We must all die, omnes eodem 
cogimur; omnes una mariet nox. — To 
die upon a thing, immorior. — To die a 
natural death, morbo naturae debitum 
reddere ; sua morte defungi. — To die 

— To die as a malefactor, ultimo suppli- 
cio affici. — To die suddenly, repentina 
morte perire, repentino mori ; subito 
mori. — before time, immatura morte 
abripi. — with laughing, risu emori. — 
Condemned to die, capite damnatus ; 
morti addictus. — . Like to die or ready to 

die, moribundus, ferine moriens. 

1T To die (as liquors), saporem perdere, 
in vappam verti. j| See Dead, Death. 

DIE, s. (to play with), talus, tessera. (See 
the Lex.) — Dice, tali, tesserae ; (the play 
at dice), alea, ludus talarius. — A throw 
at dice, jactus or missus talorum or 
tesserarum ; jactus. — To play at dice, 
talis or tesseris ludere ; alea or aleam 

ludere. H dice-box, phimtis, fritillus ; 

pyrgus. (See Pyrgus, in the Lex.) 

IT Fig. The die is cast, jacta est al?a. 

Dicer, aleator. 

DIE, subst. (color). See Dye. 

DIET (food), cibus, penus ; cibaria : — 
(course of food), diceta, victus regimen, 
cert us vivendi modus ac lex. — strict, 
abstinentia. — Relating to diet, diaeteti- 

cus. IT A diet of the empire, ordinum 

imperii conventus. 

To Diet a person (confine to a regular diet), 
diaetam or victus rationem alicui prae- 
scribere. — Dieted, ad praescriptam vic- 
tus rationem vivens. 

Dietetics, diaetetica (-ae). 

DIFFER (be different), differo, discrepo, 
disto ; dissideo, abhorreo. — They differ 
from us, dissident a nobis. — Hidden 
virtue differs little from buried sloth, pau- 
lam sepultas distat inertiae celata virtus. 

— Man and beast differ chiefly in this, 
inter hominem et belluam hoc maxime 

interest. 1 thrifty man differs from a 

covetous -man, discoidat parcus avaro. 

— To cause or make to differ or be differ- 
ent, distinguo,.secerne IT To differ 

from one in opinion, dissentio, aliter 

sentire. IT To differ (fall out), rixor, 

jurgio contendere. — To cause persons 
to differ (fall out), lites inter alios se- 

Difference (unlikeness), differentia, dis- 
similitude, discrepantia, discrimen, di- 
versitas, varietas. — There is no great 
difference between them and the Peripatet- 

ics, non multum a Peripateticis dissi- 
dent. — / will treat them without any 
difference, illos nullo discrimine habebo. 

— Difference in inclinations breaks friend- 
ship, studiorum dissimilitudo dissociat 
amicitias. — : — IT (distance), distantia. 

— There is a very great difference between 
them, tanta est inter eos, quanta maxi- 
ma potest esse, distantia. IT (con- 
troversy), lis, dissensio, altercatio, dis- 
ceptatio. — To end differences by treaty 
per colloquia controversias componere. 

Different, diversus, discrepans, dispar, 
dissimilis. — Different inclinations pur- 

_ sue different studies, dispares mores dis- 
paria studia sequuntur. — To be differ- 
entfrom, dissono, disconvenio. 

Differently (with difference), multimo 
dis, varie ; diverse : (otherwise), aliter. 

DIFFICULT (hard), difficilis, gravis, ar- 
duus, operosus : (hard to be pleased) 
difficilis, morosus, fastidiosus. — Very 
difficult, perdifficilis, perarduus. — A 
very difficult question, quaestio perobscu 
ra. — Somewhat difficult, subdifficilis. 

Difficulty, difficultas. — In one's circum- 
stances, res angustae, tenues. — Of 
speech, linguae balbuties or titubantia. — 
A thing of great difficulty, arduum, res 
ardua. — To break through difficulties, 
difficultates superare or vincere. — To 
make a difficulty in doing a thing, gravor. 

— I shall make vo difficulty in speaking 
my mind, non gravabor, quid quaque de 
re sentiam, dicere. — With difficulty, diffi- 
ciliter or difficulter, aegre, vix tandem. — 
Without any difficulty, nullo negotio, haud 

DIFFIDENT (doubtful), diffidens ; incre- 
dulus : (shy), verecundus, pudens ; rus- 
ticus. — To be diffident, diffido. — To 
be somewhat diffident, subdiffido. 

Diffidently, diffidenter ; verecunde. 

Diffidence, diffidentia ; metus ; vere- 
cundia, pudor ; rusticitas (awlnoard). 

DIFFUSE, v. diffundo, spargo, dispergo. 

Diffuse, adj. qui late et diffuse dicit ; 
copiosus ; verbosus. 

Diffusely, fuse, diffuse ; verbose. 

Diffusion, diffusio, dispersus. 

Diffusive, largus, exundans, ad plures 

Diffusiveness, diffusio, dispersus. 

DIG, fodio, confodio, effodio. — about; 
circumfodio; pastino, Col. — To dig 
down, defodio. — in, infodio. — out or 
up, effodio, eruo. — through, transfodio. 

— under, suffodio. — Which may be 
digged, fossilis. 

Digger, fossor. 

Digging, s. fossio, fossura. — about the 
roots, ablaqueatio, pastinatio. 

DIGEST (set in order), digero, in ordinem 

redigere. 1T To digest meat, cibum 

conficere, concoquere ; cibum digerere. 

— Not digested (as meat), crudus, im- 
perfectus,"hacrens ardenti stomacho. — 
To digest perfectly, decoquu, percoquo. 

IT To digest an affront, injuriam 

concoquere or aequo animo pati. 

Digestion, digestio, concoctio. — III di- 
gestion, cruditas. 

Digestible, facilis concoctu or ad conco- 

Digests, juris voluminain proprios diges- 
ta locos ; digesta ; pandectae. 

DIGHT. See Deck, Dress. 

DIGIT (inch), digitus, pollex. 

DIGNIFY, orno, nobilito. 

Dignitary, dignitate pollens. 

Dignity, dignitas, nobilitas, honor; am- 
plitude — To promote to dignity, pro- 
ducere ad dignitatem, munere ornare. — 
The dignity of a senator, gradus senato- 
rius, dignitas senatoria. — - Of dignities, 

DIGRESS, ab instituto sermone deflec- 
tere, digredi, excurrere, declinare. 

Digression, digressio, digressus, declina- 
tio. excursio. 

DIKE (ditch), fossa ; (dam), agger. 

DILAPIDATE, dilapido, diruo. 

Dilapidation, eversio : dilapidatio. — 
Dilapidations, ruinae, damnum. 

DILATE (widen), dilato ; fines propagare 
or extendere : (enlarge upon a subject), 
amplifico, orationem dilatare, sermonem 
producere or extendere. — To dilate or 
grow wide, dilator. 

Dilation, amplificatio, prolatio, extensio. 

DILATORY, cunctabundus, cunctans. 

DILEMMA, dilemma: (difficulty), angus- 
tic-e ; difficultas. 

DILIGENT, diligens, impiger, sedulus, 
assiduus, industrius, studiosus. — in 
his business, attentus, diligenter negotio 

incumbens in labor, operosus, labo- 

riosus to do what is commanded, obse- 

quens, obsequiosus, moriger. — To be 
diligent, sudo ; evigilo ; animo exeubare 
or vigilare, industriam exhibere, adhi- 
bere, praestare. — Very diligent, perdili 
gens, diligentissimus, pervigil. 

Diligently, diligenter, attente, accurate, 
industrie, sedulo, studiose. 

Diligence, diligentia, attentio, cura ; 
assiduitas, sedulitas; studium ; accu- 
ratio. — With diligence, diligenter; se- 
dulo ; accurate. — To give or use dili- 
gence, curam adhibere, operam dare ; 
sedulo laborare. — Diligence to please, 
obsequium. 1T Diligence (expedi- 
tion), celeritas. — To despatch with dili- 
gence, accelero, festino, mature 

IT A diligence, vehiculum publicum. 

DILL, anethum. 

DILUTE, diluo, vinum aqua temperare, 
miscere, commiscere. 

DIM, obscurus, tenebricosus, caliginosus. 

To Dim, obscuro ; tenebras alicui rei ob- 
ducere, inducere, offundere. — To grow 
dim, obscuror. — To dim the eyes, oculos 
praestringere ; oculis caliginem offun- 
dere. 4 dimming of the sight, caliga- 

tio, oculorum hebetatio. 

Dim-sighted, hebes ; lusciosus, luscinus. 
— To be so, oculi alicui caecutiunt. 

Dimly, obscure, parum dilucide, non 
satis aperte. 

Dimness, caligo, hebetudo, obscuritas. 

DIMENSION, dimensio ; mensura; ra- 
tio modi. 

DIMINISH, deminuo, minuo ; attenuo, 
demo, debilito. — Cares diminish bodily 
strength, attenuant vigiles corpus mise- 
rable curas. — To diminish a sum, par- 
tem aliquam detrahere, disperdere, mi- 
nuere. — To diminish (be diminished), 
deminuor, decedo, recedo. 

Diminution, imminutio, deminutio, at- 
tenuatio ; extenuatio, elevatio. — That 
will be no diminution to you, ista res glo- 
riam tuam non minuet. 

Diminishingly, cum obtrectatione. 

Diminutive, parvus, pusillus. IT (of 

words), deminutivus. 

DIMPLE, gelasinus, lacuna. 

DIN, sonus, sonitus, strepitus ; clamor. — 
To make a din, resono, strepo ; strepi- 
tum facere. 

To Din one's ears, aures obtundere. 

DINE, prandeo ; coeno. — Having dined, 
pransus ; coenatus. — Not having dined, 
impransus. — Hethat dines with another, 

Dinner, cibus meridianus ; prandium ; 
coena. — Of dinner, pransorius. 

DING, allido, illido ; incutio, infligo. 

DINGLE (vale), convallis. 

DINT, contusio, impressio ; nota, vesti- 
gium. IT Dint (force), vis. 

To Dint, contundo. 

DIOCESE, dicecesis. 

Diocesan, episcopus. 

DIP, v. a. tingo, intingo, mergo ; v. n. se 
mergere in aquam, subire aquam. — To 
dip again, retingo. — To dip often, mersi- 
to, merso. — To dip under, submerge — 
To dip over head and ears, immergo. — 
Dipped, intinctus, tinctus ; immersus. 

IT To dip into a thing, leviter ali- 

quid attingere. 

DIPHTHONG, diphthongus. 

DIRE, DIREFUL, dims, saevus, atrox, 
horrendus, horridus. 

Direness, diritas, immanitas. 

DIRECT, rectus, directus. 

DIRECT (govern), dirigo, moderor. 

IT To direct a letter, inscribo. IT To di- 
rect the right way, viam alicui monstrare, 
commonstrare, ostendere. — Directed in 
the way, in viam deductus. 1T To di- 
rect or show how to do a thing, monstro, 
doceo, edoceo ; praecipio, instruo, in- 
stituo, erudio. - — IT To direct or bend 
one's course to a place, cursum or iter 
aliquo dirigere, tendere, intendere, ap- 

plicare. IT See Command. — He was 

directed to do that, id habebatin mandatis. 

Direction, regio, via ; pars. — Tn all 
directions, in omnes partes. IT (con- 
duct, management), rectio, administra- 




tio ; gubernatio. — To have the direc- 
tion of an affair, alicui rei praeesse. . — 
They had the direction of the war, illis 
man datum erat bellum. — To be under 
the direction of another, rem alicujus 

ductu gerere ; nutu alicujus regi. 

IT Tofolloio directions, jussa or mandata 
alicujus exsequi, facere, peragere — To 
give, prfficipio, jubeo, mando, alicui de 
re aliqua mandata or praecepta dare. — 
To receive, mandata ab aliquo accipere. 

Directly, directe, directo, recta; e ves- 
tigio, sine mora. — Let us go directly, 
eamus recta via. — Directly against or 
contrary, e regione, ex adverso, ex oppo- 
site), contra. 

Directness, rectum. 

Director, rector, moderator. 

DIRGE, carmen lugubre (funebre) ; thre- 
nus ; nenia. 

DIRK, pugio. 

DIRT, lutum, ccenum. 

Dirty (full of dirt), coenosus, lutulentus, 
immundus, sordidus: (base, filthy), sor- 
didus,impurus,spurcus,fcedus. — A dirty 
or base action, facinus indignum, fcedum. 

To Dirty a person's clothes, alicujus ves- 
tem conspurcare, inquinare, luto asper- 
gere or inficere. 

Dirtily, sordide, fQ3de -. — (basely), indig- 
ne, inhoneste, inique, sordide, illiberali- 
ter, turpiter: (impurely), obsccene. 

Dirtiness, spurcitia, sordes, squalor: 
(baseness, &c), fceditas, impuritas, ini- 
quitas ; injustilia ; spurcities. 

DISABLE (render incapable), aliquem ad 
aliquid agendum ineptum reddere, ad 
aliquod munus sustinendum ineptum 
facere : —(weaken), debilito, infirmo.— 
To disable, alicujus brachium, manum, 
etc., debilitare, mutilare. — A disabled 
ship, navis quassa, inutilis, inhabilis. — 
soldier, miles membris captus or vulne- 
ribus confectus. 

Disabling, infirinatio, debilitatio, mutila- 

Disability, impotentia. 

DISABUSE, erroreanimum alicujus libe- 
rare ; alicui errorem eripere ; alicui 
mentis errorem demere ; errantem in 
viam veritatis reducere. 

DISADVANTAGE (damage or loss), in- 
commodum, damnum, detrimentum, 
jactura: (inferiority of condition), dete- 
rior or iniquior conditio. — Disadvan- 
tage of ground (in war), loci iniquitas. 
— To come off with disadvantage in bat- 
tle, cladem, incommodum accipere. — 
To my disadvantage, meo detrimento or 
incommodo — To set upon a person at 
a disadvantage, aliquem impeditum et 
inopinantem aggredi. 

Disadvantageous, incommodus, damno- 
sus, iniquus •, alienus. 

Disadvantageousness, incommoditas. 

Disadvantageously, incommode, dam- 
nose, inique. 

DISAFFECTED, aversus, alienatus, alie- 
nus ; malevolus; inimicus. — to the gov- 
ernment, rerum novarum or evertenda- 
rum cupidus ; inimicus regis, etc. 

Disaffection,' offensio, aversatio; ma- 

DISAGREE (fall out), dissideo, dissen- 
tio, discordo, discrepo:— (not to suit), 
pugno, repugno, non congruere, compe- 
tere or quadrare. — Disagreeing, diyer- 
sus, discors, discordans. — It is disa- 
greeing to my kind of life, absurdum et 
alienum est a vita. inea. 

Disagreeable (unpleasant), injucundus, 
ingratus, illepidus, insuavis. 

Disagreeableness, injucunditas. 

Disagreeably, injucutide, illepide. 

Disagreement, repugnantia, discrepan- 
tia, discordia, diversitas ; (falling out), 
dissidium, dissensio. 

DISALLOW, improbo, reprobo, damno 
aversor; rejicio. 

DISANNUL. See Annul. 

DISAPPEAR, evanesco, e conspectuevo- 
lare ; obsenrari •, tolli. 

DISAPPOINT, destituo, frustror ; irri 
turn facere: (break one's word), fidem 
violare, conventis non stare. — To dis- 
appoint an adversary s purpose, adversa- 
rii conatus infringere. — To disappoint 
one of his hope, spem alicujus destituere, 
fallere. — To be disappointed, spe falli. 
— My master is disappointed of a wife, 
berus uxore excidit. 

Disappointment, frustratio ; incommo- 
dum, casus ad versus. 

DISAPPROVE, improbo, minus probo. 

Disapprobation, improbatio ; reprehen- 
sio (blame) : acclamatio (by noise). 

DISARM (strip another of his arms), exar- 
mo ; spolio ; armis exuere, alicui arma 
detrahere: — (lay aside his arms), arma 
deponere or exuere. — Disarmed (toith- 
out arms), inermis, inermus ; (stripped 
of his arms), armis spoliatus or exutus. 

DISASTER, malum, incommodum ; cala- 
mitas ; casus adversus, infestus, iniquus. 

Disastrous, infaustus, infelix, calamito- 

Disastrously, incommode, infeliciter, ca- 

DISAVOW (disown), diffiteor, infitior, 
nego, abnego, denego, repudio ; rejicio. 

Disavowing (disowning), denegatio, infi- 
tiatio, repudiatio. 

DISBAND, exauctoro, dimitto. — soldiers, 
milites exauctorare, dimittere, missos 
facere. 1T To disband or quit the ser- 
vice, signa deserere or derelinquere. 

Disbanding, missio, dimissio. 

DISBELIEVE (distrust), diffido ; (not be- 
lieve), non or parum credere. 

Disbelief, diffidentia ; dubitandi obsti- 

Disbeliever, qui veram religionem non 

DISBURDEN, exonero, levo. 

Disburdening, oneris exemptio. 

DISBURSE, impendo, insumo, pecuniam 
erogare or suppeditare. 

Disbursement, pecuniae erogatio ; expen- 
sa, impensa ; expensum, sumptus, ex- 
pensa pecunia. 

DISCARD (disiniss), exauctoro, dimitto, 
missum facere ; (throw off), excutio, 
ejicio ; (reject), rejicio. 

Discarding, missio. 

DISCERN (put a difference), discerno, dig- 
nosco, dijudico, distinguo ; (perceive), 
cerno, video, conspicio, intelligo ; (dis- 
tinguish from), internosco ; (spy out), 
conspicor. — Easy to be discerned, con- 
spicuus, perspicuus. — Discernible, sub 
aspectum or oculorum sensum cadens. 

Discernment, judicium ; judicium acre, 

Discerning, adj. perspicax, sagax ; homo 
acri mente or judicio. 


DISCHARGE one's conscience (act conscien- 
tiously), rectam conscientiam servare, a 
recta, conscientia non discedere a com- 
mission, mandatum conrlcere. IT To 

discharge (fromacrime), absolvo, expedio, 
a culpa liberare, culpam ab aliquo amo- 
vere. IT To discharge one of a cove- 
nant, acceptam stipulationem ferre. 

TT To discharge (exempt), ab administra- 
tione alicujus rei liberare or eximere ; 
(release), dimitto ; (put out of office), 
missum facere. — Discharged (freed), 
liberatus, solutus ; liber ; immunis. — 
To discharge soldiers, milites dimittere, 
mittere or missos facere, exauctorare, 
militia solvere ; with disgrace, milites 
cum ignominia dimittere. — To dis- 
charge a debt, nomen dissolvere, expedi- 

re. IT To discharge a ship, merces e 

navi exponere, exonerare or deonerare. 

— Discharged, exoneratus, onere leva- 
tus. — To discharge one's stomach, evo- 
mo, vomitu reddere. — To discharge 
one's anger upon a person, iram in ali- 
quem effundere or evomere. — To dis- 
charge itself (as a river), defluo, devolve 

— To discharge a gun. See Gun. 
Discharge, s. (freeing), liberatio, missio. 

— of humors, humorum detractio The 

discharge of one's duty, muneris functio. 

IT A discharge (acquittance), accepti 

latio. — To give a discharge, acceptum 
referre aliquid. IT To demand a dis- 
charge (of soldiers), missionem flagitare. 

Discharging (acquitting), absolutio, a 
culpa, liberatio; (sending away), dimis- 
sio ; (paying), solutio. — A discharging 
of a captive, captivi redemptio. 

DISCIPLE, discipulus. 

DISCIPLINE (instruction), disciplina, in- 
stitutio ; (warlike), res bellica, discipli- 
na militaris, ratio castrensis. — To ob- 
serve strict discipline or order, leges prae- 
scriptas or proefinitasobservare. 

To Discipline (instruct), doceo, instittio, 
erudio ; (punish), punio, castigo. 

Disciplinarian, qui leges prasscriptas ob- 

servat et urget. 
DISCLAIM, renuntio, abdico, repudio; 

recuso; pro suo non habere; nuntium 

alicui rei remittere. . 
Disclaiming, abdicatio; recusatio. 
DISCLOSE, detego, retego, aperio, ada- 

perio, nuntio, indico ; patefacio. — To 

be disclosed, patefio, patesco. — Disclosed 

(revealed), detectus, patefactus, reclu- 

sus ; nudatus. 
Disclosure, patefactio, indicium. 
DISCOLOR, decoloro, colorem mutare. 

— Discolored, decolor, decoloratus. 
Discoloration, coloris mutatio ; decolo- 


DISCOMFIT aw army, exercitum fundere ; 
hostium copias profligare ; hostes pro- 
sternere, dissipare, in fugam convertere. 

Discomfiture, clades, strages, incommo- 

DISCOMFORT, maeror, dolor, angor; 
maestitia; tristitia ; aegritudo. 

Discomforted, tristis, masstus, aeger ani- 
mi. — To be so, dolere, in dolore esse, 
in mrerore esse. 

DISCOMMODE, incommodo, alicui in- 
commodum ferre or parere ; molestiam 
afTerre, exhibere; aliquem molestia affi- 

Discommoding, incommoditas, incommo- 

DISCOMPOSE (put out of order), turbo, 
perturbo ; confundo. — To discompose the 
mind, animum excruciare, sollicitare, 
angere, inquietare. 

Discomposure, perturbatio, consternatio, 
trepidatio; cura, angor, anxietas. 

DISCONCERT, consilia frangere, con- 
fringere, conturbare, perturbare. — Dis- 
concerted, fractus ; perturbatus. 

Disconcerting, perturbatio. 

DISCONSOLATE (afflicted), mastus, 
tristis, masrore confectus ; afflictus : 
(without consolation), solatii expers, 
solatio carens. 

DISCONTENT, offensio, molestia; toe- 
dium, fastidium, (with genit.) ; tristitia; 

To Discontent, ango, offendo, aliquem 
molestia afficere. — To be discontented, 
offendor, indignor; graviter, segre, mo- 
leste, iniquo animo aliquid ferre ; ali- 
qua re non contentum esse. — Discon- 
tented, sorte sua. non contentus, moro- 
sus, rerum mutationis cupidus ; offen- 
sus, animo alienatus. 

Discontentedly, asgre, graviter, inique, 

DISCONTINUE, omitto, desino, desisto; 
intermitto (see Cease). — Discontinued, 
intermissus, interruptus. 

Discontinuance, intermissio, desuetudo, 

DISCORD, discordia, dissensio, dissidi- 
um. — To be at discord, discordo, dissen- 
tio, discrepo, dissideo. — To make dis- 
cord, lites serere or movere ; simultates 
fovere. — Discord in music, dissonantia, 

Discordance, discordia, discrepantia. 

Discordant (in music), absonus, disso- 
nus; (disagreeing), discors. 

Discordantly, absone ; cum discordia. 

DISCOUNT, de surami detrahere, remit- 
tere, subducere, deminuere. 

Discount, 5. detractio, deminutio, sub- 

DISCOUNTENANCE, improbo, repi imo, 
inhibeo, fronte nnbila. excipere.. 

DISCOURAGE, absterreo, animum fran- 
gere, infringere, debilitare, consternare., 

— To discourage one's self, be discouraged, 
animum abjicere,demittere; animo cade- 
re, concidere, debilitari, frangi, demitti, 
deficere. — To discourage from an under- 
taking, deterreo; aliquem ab aliqua re 
avocare, abducere, abstrahere, avertere. 

— Discouraged, abjectus, deterritus, frac- 
tus. — Not discouraged, intrepidus. _ 

Discouragement (discouraging), animi 
abjectio, debilitatio, deinissio, infractio ; 
(hinderance), incommodum, impedimen- 
tum. — To throw discouragement in one's 
way, deterrere ab aliqua re ; alicui mo- 
lestiam exhibere. — To be or lie under 
many discouragements, variis incommo- 

DISCOURSE (taZA),.sermoc-inatio, discep- 
tatio, alloquium, allocutio, affatus, col- 
loquium : (harangue); sermo. oratio, 




concio. — Familiar discourse, sermo fa- 
miiiaris, quotidiauus. — Idle, nugae, fa- 
bnUe. — Pleasing, narratio jucunda, le- 
pidae fabulae. — Fine or polite, oratio ac- 
curata, compta, ornata, polita, perpolita. 

— Compact, oralio concinna et cohrerens. 

— Dry or shallow, loquela jejuna, oratio 
arida, exilis, iuculta. — Rambling, a pro- 
posito abenans. — Fulsome, oratio insul- 
sa, illepida, ingrata. — Ravishing, jucun- 
dissima, suavissima, admirabilis. — 
Figurative, figurata. — Starched, nimis 
e.xquisita, affectata. — Long-ioindcd, ni- 
mis longa. — Bald, oratio jejuna, exilis. 

— Pathetic, ad commovendos or conci- 
tandos animos apta. — To open a dis- 
course or debate, de aliqua re sermonem 
inferre, instituere, suscipere, ordiri. — 
To resume a discourse, eo revertere unde 
oratio declinavit. — To fall into dis- 
course, in sermonem incidere, verba 
c;t'dere. — To relate a discourse, sermo- 
nem habitum exponere. — In common 
discourse, in consuetudine sermonis. — 
This thing was now become the subject of 
common discourse, hffic res jam vulgi ru- 
moribus exagitata fuil, or abiit in ora 

hominum, (Liv.) Discoursed, enarra- 

tus, expositus. 

To Discourse, sermocinor, dissero, dis- 
cepto, confabulor, colloquor, confero. — 
To discourse at large, pluriinis verbis 
agere, pluribus disserere. — To discourse 
with a person, sermonem cum aliqno 
habere, conferre ; cum aliquo sermoci 
nari, communicare. 

Discoursing, collocutio, sermocinatio. 

Di3coursive, Discursive, ad sermocina 
tionem spectans, sermocinationis capax 

DISCOURTEOUS, inhumanus, inurba 
nus, immitis, morosus. 

Discourteously, inhumane, morose. 

Discourtesy {ill turn), injuria, damnum, 
detrimentum : (displeasure), olfensa. — 
To do one a discourtesy, incommodo ; in 
juria aliquem afficere ; molestiam alicui 

DISCOVER (reveal), detego, retego ; pa- 
tefacio, aperio ; explico ; notum facere ; 
in lucem proferre ; in vulgus producere : 

— (espy), conspicor, prospicio ; (find 
out), deprehendo, patefaciq. — To dis- 
cover his accomplices, socios indicare. — 
To labor or endeavor to discover, exploro, 
scrutor, perscrutor, investigo, indago. — 
To discover or find out secrets, arcana 
expiscari, explorare. — To discover a 
person's design, consilium alicujus cog- 
noscere. — To discover one's humor (find 
it out), mentem alicujus explorare, de- 
prehendere ; (show it), ingenium indi- 
care, ostendere, aperire. — Discovered 
(found out), detectus, retectus, patefac- 
tus, compertus ; (shown), ostensus, iu- 

Discoverable, aspectabilis, indagabilis. 

Discoverer, explorator, indagator. 

Discovery (discovering), inventio, indaga- 
tio, investigatio ; (thing discovered), in- 
ventum, res inventa. — To make new 
discoveries in arts, aliquid novi, quod ad 
artes ampliflcandas pertineat, invenire, 
indagare, reperire, excogitare ; novis 

inventis artes angere, locupletare. 

IT A discovery (revealing), indicium, pa- 
tefactio, deprehensio. 

DISCREDIT, dedecus, ignominia, macu- 
la ; labes. 

To Discredit (disgrace), infamo, obtrec- 
to ; existimationein alicujus hedere, vio- 
lare, imminuere : (not to believe), parum 
alicui credere, nullam fidem alicui ha- 

Discrediting (diso-racinrr), obtrectatio : 
(not believing), difhdentia. 

DISCREET, prudens, sapiens, cautus, 

Discreetly, prudenter, sapienter, caute, 

Discretion, prudentia, sapientia ; con 
allium, circumspectio. — Toactwithdis 
crttion, considerate or prudenter agere 
— A person of great discretion, vir sum- 
mfe prudentiae. — Without discretion, 
imprudens, inconsultus, temerarius. 

IT (free will), arbitrium. — To leave 

a thing to a person's discretion, aliquid 
arbitrio alicujus relinquere, permitte- 
re. — To live at one's own discretion, 
sui iuris esse; arbitrio suo vivere ; suo 
more vitam degere. — To surrender at 

discretion, se suaque omnia in fidem at- 
que potestatem victoris permittere ; vic- 
tori se dedere nulla conditione propositi ; 
libero victoris arbitrio se permittere ; ar- 
mis positis ad victoris fidem confugere. 

Discretionary power, potestas infiuita ; 
auctoritas nullis terminis pra?finita. 

DISCRIMINATE, discrimino, distinguo. 

Discrimination, discrimen. 

DISCUSS (explain), res difficiles dilucide 
exponere,explicare,illustrare: (examine), 
exploro, investigo ; aliquid accurate con- 
siderare, diligenter perpendere ; discep- 

tare aliquid. IT To discuss humors, 

hu mores corporis discutere, resolvere. 

Discussion, investigatio ; disceptatio. 

DISDAIN, dedignor, aspernor, fastidio, 
aversor, contemno, sperno. 

Disdain, contemptus, fastidium. 

Disdainer, contemptor. 

Disdainful, fastidiosus, arrogansjsuper- 
ciliosus, Sen. 

Disdainfully, fastidiose, arroganter 

Disdaining, dedignatio, contemptio, aver- 

DISEASE, morbus, adversa valetudo. — 
A desperate disease, morbus periculosus 
ffigre medicabilis. — A mortal disease, 
mortifer morbus.— complicated, multiplex 

— To be confined by a disease, propter 
valetudinem domo non exire, dom 
continere ; morbo lecto arfixum esse 
To contract a disease, morbum contra- 
here, concipere. — He caught that dis 
ease by hard drinking, potationibus mor- 
bum concepit. — To be relieved from c 
disease, ex morbo recreari, relevari, eva- 
dere,emergere.— The disease abates, mor 
bus se remittit. — increases, ingravescit 

Diseased, aeger, sgrotus, morbidus, mor- 
bo affectus, valetudinarius, infirmus 
languidus. — To be diseased, aegrotare 
male se habere, ex morbo laborare 
morbo teneri, afiici, conflictari. 

DISEMBARK, oram tenere, litus obtine 
re, e navi exscendere or descendere 

— v. a. To disembark (goods), e navi tol 
lere. — Disembarked, e navi expositus 
|| But see Land. 

DISEMBOGUE, in mare defluere. 
DISENCHANT, excanto. 
DISENCUMBERED, exoneratus, libera 

DISENGAGE (quit or free from), expedio, 
extricoj (set at liberty), libero, explico 
expedio, extraho, vadimonio solvere. — 
Disengagement (freeing), liberatio, re 

demptio, solutio. 
DISENTANGLE, expedio, solvo, extrico 
DISENTRANCED, ex alto somno susci 

DISESTEEM, elevo, contemno, despi 
cio, negligo; parvi aestimare. — Dises 
teemed, contemptus, spretus, despicatu 
Disesteem, s. contemptus, contemptio, 

DisesteeminG, elevatio, contemptio. 
DISFAVOR, subst. odium ; offensa. 
DISFIGURE, deformo, mutilo. — one's 
face, os foedare. — Disfigured, deforma- 
tus, deformis, fcedatus. 
Disfiguring, deformatio. 
DISFRANCHISE, civitatem alicui adi- 
mere ; a numero civium segregare. — 
Disfranchised, proscriptus, immunitati- 
bus civium privatus. 
Disfranchisement, immunitatum priva- 

DISGORGE, evomo, ejicio, exonero. 
Disgorging, ejectio, vomitio. 
DISGRACE, dedecus, labes, infamia, ig- 
nominia; (disfavor), offensa, offensio. 
— To fall into disgrace, in offensam in- 
eidere. — at court, in principis offensio- 
nem incurrere. — To live in disgrace, 
per dedecus vivere ; cum ignominia vi- 
tam degere. 
To Disgrace, dedecoro, dehonesto, de- 
turpo ; infaino ; oontamino ; dignitatem 
obscurare. — one's self, famam suamob- 
scurare, la3dere ; se contaminare ; se 
turpiter dare. — To be disgraced, in de- 
decore versari. — To disgrace or turn out 
of favor, gratia quempiam privare. 
Disgraceful, dedecorus, contumeliosus, 

turpis Disgraceful language, con vicia. 

Disgracefully, turpiter, cum dedecore 
or ignominia.. 


DISGUISE himself, mutare vestem, habi- 
tum suum permutare ; larvam sibi apta- 
re ; faciem suam aliena specie occulta- 
re ; alienam formam capere, mentiri. — 
as a shepherd, pastoralem cultum indue- 

re« IT To disguise (alter) a thing, 

aliam speciem alicui rei superinducere ; 
(conceal), aliquid celare, occultare, dis- 
Disguise, subst. vestis mutata. — In dis- 
guise, veste mutata, permutato habitu ; 

larvam gerens, personatus. IT Fig. 

species ; simulatio. See Cloak. 
Disguiser, dissimulator, qui deformat. 
Disguising (dissembling), dissimulatio. 
DISGUST, fastidium, offensio, tedium ; 

To Disgust, displiceo ; bilem alicui corn- 
move re ; fastidium afferre. — To be dis- 
gusted (take a disgust), stomachor, in- 
dignor ; ffigre, indigne, moleste ferre. — 
Disgusting, fastidium creans, fastidio- 
sus ; teter (of smell, &c). 
DISH (platter), patina, patella, lanx, ma- 

gis, scutula, paropsis : & dish (when 

the same as a course), ferculum ; but to 
express he cooked a dish of vegetables, we 
say, olus coxit. — The chief dish, caput 
ccence. — A large dish, lanx. — A little 
dish, patella, catillus. — A dish-clout, pe- 
niculus. — Dish-meat, sorbillum. 
To Dish up meat, patinas cibis instruere ; 

patinis cibos indere. 
DISHABILLE, vestis nocturna; vestis 

domestica, vestitus domesticus. 
DISHEARTEN, animum alicujus fran- 
gere, debilitare ; aliquem ab aliqua re 
absterrere. — To be' disheartened, animo 
cadere, concidere; animum abjicere, 
demittere. — Disheartened, animo abjec- 
tus, fractus, debilitatus. — A dishearten- 
ing affair, res parum spei ostentans or 
de qua vix bene sperare licet. 
Disheartening, s. animi abjectio, demis- 

sio, debilitatio, infractio. 
DISHEVEL, capillos turhare, pandere. — 

Dishevelled hair, passi capilli. 
DISHONEST (knavish), fraudulentus, 

irnprobus, pravus, nequam. 
Dishonestly, improbe, perfide, fraudu- 

Dishonesty (knavery), fraudulentia, falla- 

cia, injustitia ; pravitas, improbitas. 
DISHONOR, dedecus, ignominia, infa- 
mia, macula. — It is better to die bravely 
than to live in dishonor, prastat per vir- 
tutem mori quam per dedecus vivere. 
To Dishonor, dehonesto, dedecoro; tra- 
duco, deformo, labem alicui aspergere, 
alicui infamiam inferre. — He dishonor- 
ed him amongst his friends, ilium igno- 
minia notavit inter suos. 
Dishonorable, turpis, inhonestus, igno- 
miniosus ; infamis, deformis ; decolor 
Dishonorably, turpiter, inhoneste. 
DISINCLINED, ab aliqua re aversus,nli- 

enus or abhorrens. 
Disinclination, aversatio, odium. 
DISINGENUOUS, parum ingenuus, in- 
genuitatis expers, inurbanus, incivilis, 
Disingenuously, parum ingenue, inur- 
bane, illiberaliter. 
Disingenuousness, prava indoles, dissi- 
mulatio, illiberalitas. 
DISINHERIT, exheredo, exheredem scri- 
be re ; hereditate mulctare. — Disinherit- 
ed, exheredatus, exheres. 
Disinheriting, exheredatio. 
DISINTERESTED, integer, incorruptus, 
commodis suis non srudens, sum utili- 
tatis immemor, abstinens, innocens. 
Disinterestedness, sui commodi neg- 

lectus, innocentia, abstinentia. 
Disinterestedly, integre, incorrupte, 
sine ulla mercedis spe, innocenter, li- 
DISJOIN, disjungo, discludo, separo, se- 

Disjunction, disjunctio. 
Disjunctive, disjunctivus. 
Disjointed, male cohperens. 
DISK, solis or lunffi orbis. 
DISLIKE, improbo, aversor, ab aliqua 
re abhorrere. — Disliked, iinprobatus, 
rejectus, fastiditus. 
Dislike, s. declinatio ; fuga ; odium, aver- 
satio ; fastidium. — To fall into dislike, 
improbari, in fastidium abire. 




DISLOCATE, luxo, loco movere. — Dis- 
located, luxatus. 

Dislocation, membri e loco motio ; Iuxa- 

DISLODGE, liospitio aliquem disjicere, 
ejicere, pellere, depellere, expellere. — 
To dislodge the enemy, hostes ex or de 
castello, etc. dejicere ; hostes de suo lo- 
co movere. 

Dislodging (driving away), expulsio. 

DISLOYAL, perfidus, infidus. 

Disloyally, perfide, perfidiose. 

Disloyalty, perfidia, infidelitas, proditio. 

DISMAL, dims, horridus, infaustus, ter- 

Dismally, horride, horribilem in modum. 

DISMANTLE a city, oppidi muros or mre- 
nia diruere ; urbem munimentis nudare. 

Dismantling, munimentorum dejectio. 

DISMAY, animi perturbatio. 

To Dismay, territo, perterrefacio, conster- 
no, conturbo ; metu aliquem percutere 

Dismaying, exanimatio. 

DISMEMBER, deartuo, dilanio ; mem 
bratim dissecare, discerpere, concidere 

Dismembering, membrorum dissectio. 

DISMISS, dimitto, aliquem ablegare, 
amandare. — from an employment, a mu- 
nere dimittere ; alicui permittere ut se 
munere suo abdicet ; munus alicui ab- 
rogare. — To dismiss a cause, actionem 
de curisi dimittere. — Dismissed, dimis- 
sus, ablegatus, amandatus ; submotus. 

— from an employment, missus factus, 
munere privatus. 

Dismission, dimissio, missio. 

DISMOUNT (unhorse), equo aliquem ex- 
cutere, praecipitare, dejicere ; (alight), 
ex equo descendere, desilire. — Dis- 
mounted (thrown down), dejectus, detur- 
batus, excussus. 

Dismounting (unhorsing), ex equo dejec- 
tio or praecipitatio ; (alighting), ex equo 

DISOBEY, repugno ; jubenti morem non 
gerere, imperium recusare, detrectare ; 
alicujus imperium negligere. — Diso- 
beyed, contemptus, neglectus. 

Disoeedience, immodestia ; contumacia ; 
imperii neglectus, recusatio or detrec- 

Disobedient, non obediens, minus obse- 
quens, dicto non audiens, contumax, 
imperium detrectans. — To be disobedi- 
ent, jussa negligere, imperium recusa- 
re, detrectare ; alicui non parere, non 

Disobediently, contumaciter, parum offi- 
ciose, minus obsequenter. 

DISOBLIGE, laedo, de aliquo male mere- 
ri, aliquem offendere. 

Disobliging, inomciosus, inurbanus, 

Disobligingly, parum officiose, minus 

DISORDER, confusio, perturbajio. — You 
see in what disorder we are, vides quanta 
in rerum conversione ac perturbatione 
versemur. — of mind, animi perturbatio. 

— To put things into disorder, res mis- 
cere ac perturbare. — To put the enemy 
into disorder, ordines hostium turbare, 
hostium exercitum perturbare. — Tc~re- 
tire in disorder, effuse se recipere. — 
Disorders (tumults), turbae. IT (dis- 
temper), morbus, aegrotatio. 

To Disorder, turbo, conturbo, perturbo; 
confundo, misceo. — To disorder the 
hair, capillos turbare. 

Disordering, conturbatio, perturbatio. 

Disordered, Disorderly, incompositus, 
inconditus, inordinatus, confusus, tur- 
batus. — All things are confounded and 
disordered, funditus omnia miscentur ; 
omnia sunt perturbatissima. — ^ Disor- 
dered in body, 3?ger, aggrotans, male se 
habens. — in mind, animo perturbatus, 
conturbatus; aeger animi; animi vecor- 
dia laborans. — Disordered in his senses, 
insanus, cerritus (poet.), larvatus, men- 

te captus. IT A disorderly or vicious 

way of living, vita dissoluta, mores dis- 
soluti, effrenata vivendi Ucentia. 

Disorderly, incondite, incomposite ; in- 
ordinate, Cels. ; effuse. 

DISOWN (deny), nego, abnego, inficior. 
1T To disown one, abdico, repudio. 

Disowning, negatio, abdicatio, repudia- 
te, inficiatio. 

DISPARAGE (slight), vitupero, obtrecto ; 
despicio, conteinno, sperno ; parvi du- 

cere or aestimare : — (speak ill of), de 
alicujus fama detrahere ; laudibus or 
laudes alicujus obtrectare ; alicujus fa- 
mam laedere. 

Disparaging (speaking ill of), obtrectatio ; 
alicujus famae laesio or violatio. 

Disparagement (disgrace), infamia, dede- 
cus. — It is no disparagement for' you to 
do that, illud tibi non dedecori erit. 

Disparager, obtrectator. 

DISPARITY, inaequalitas, dissimilitudo. 

DISPARTED, divisus. 

DISPASSIONATE, aequus ; placidus ; 

DISPATCH. See Despatch. 

DISPEL, dispello ; discutio. 

DISPENSE (lay out), dispenso, distribuo, 

IT. To dispense with, veniam alicui 

indulgere, gratiam alicujus rei alicu' 
facere. — the laws, leges relaxare. — 
Dispensed with by the laws, legibus solu- 
tus or relaxatus. 

Dispenser, qui dispensat, administrator. 

Dispensing with the laws, legum laxamen 

Dispensing power, leges laxandi potestas 

Dispensation (distribution, management) 
dispensatio, administratio ; (indulgence) 
exemptio, immunitas, venia. 

DISPEOPLE, populor, depopulor ; ter 
ram vacuefacere, incolas terra ejicere ; 
civibus urbem spoliare, urbisolitudinem 
inferre or inducere. — Dispeopled, vasta- 
tus, desolatus, civibus spoliatus. 

Dispeopling, populatio, depopulatio, vas- 

DISPERSE (scatter abroad), spargo, dis- 
pergo ; dissipo ; diffundo : (be dispersed) 
spargor, dispergor ; (straggle abroad), 
palor. — Dispersed, sparsus, dispersus, 
dissipatus, diffusus. 

DisPERSEDLY,sparsim, passim, dispersim 

Dispersion, dispersus. 

DISPIRIT, animum alicui frangere orde 
bilitare. — To be dispirited, animum ab 
jicere ordemittere ; animo frangi or de- 
bilitari. — Dispirited, aniino fractus or 
debilitatus, tristis. 

Dispiriting, animi debilitatio or infractio, 

DISPLACE, demovere de loco, submoveo; 

loco movere. IT (turn out of office) 

dignitatem alicui abrogare, abolere 
aliquem a munere removere or amove 

Displacing, remotio, amotio: muneris or 
magistrates privatio. 

DISPLAY (spread), pando, dispando, ex- 
pando ; (declare), expono,explico, enar- 
ro ; (make a show of), jacto, ostento. — 
To display one's parts, eloquentiam, fa- 
cundiam, memoriam/eic. jactare or os- 
tentare. — Displayed, expositus, expli- 
catus. — With banners displayed, signis 

Display, subst. expositio, explicatio ; os- 
tentatio, jactatio. 

DISPLEASE, displiceo, offendo, ingra- 
tum or molestum esse ; non or minime 
placere. — I have displeased my brother, 
apud fratrem in offensa sum. — I speak 
it not to displease any body, absit verbo 
invidia. — If this displease you, si id te 
mordet. — This displeases the man, id 
male habet virum. — Displeased (of- 
fended), indignans, offensus, infensus, 
aegre ferens. — To be displeased, indig- 
nor, stomachor. — at a thing, aliquid 
regre or graviter ferre. — He has reason 
to be displeased with you, est quod suc- 
censeat tibi. — They are displeased for 
every trifle, pro levibus noxis graves iras 
gerunt. — It displeases, displicet, mini- 
me placet. IT To displease (be trouble- 
some to), molestiam alicui creare or fa- 

Displeasing, injucundus, ingratus, in- 
suavis ; molestus. 

Displeasure (distaste), offensa ; offensio ; 
(grudge), ira, inimieitia ; simultas. — 
No displeasure to you, pace quod fiat 
tua. — To incur one's displeasure, in 
odium or offensam alicujus incurrere ; 
to have incurred it, in offensa apud ali- 
quem esse. — Somewhat in displeasure, 
subinvisus, subodiosus. IT (mischiev- 
ous turn), incommodum; malefactum, 
Enn. — To do one a displeasure, incom- 
modo ; damno aliquem afficere ; dam- 
num alicui inferre. 

DISPORT, lusus, jocus. 

To Disport one's self, ludo, jocor. 
DISPOSE (set in order), dispono, compo- 
no ; ordino, res ordinate disponere, in 
ordinem digerere. — To dispose or prepare 
one's self to do a thing, se ad aliquid agen- 
dum parare, comparare, accingere. — 
Disposed (set in order), dispositus, com- 
positus, digestus, ordinatus, structus. — 
Disposed (inclined), animatus, afTectus, 
paratus. — To dispose or incline a person 
to do a thing, alicujus animum ad quidpi- 
am agendum parare, apparaie, prtepara- 
re. — Ill-disposed, pravus, scelestus ; 
male affectus. — Well, bene affectus. — 
/ am disposed, lubet, fert animus, ani- 
mum induxi. IT To dispose of (bestow) 

offices, honores praestare ; (lay out), ex- 
pendo, insumo ; (to some use), destino, 
assigno, utor. — How will you dispose of 
this? quo pacto uteris ? quern in usum 
destinas ? — To dispose of a thing by 
giving it away, largior, elargior ; dono. 
— To dispose of a daughter in marriage, 
filiam in matrimonio locare. — To dis- 
pose of one's self or spend one's time, bo- 
ras «ollocare, tempus conterere. 

IT To dispose of (sell), vendo, permuto, 
abalieno ; (let or place out), loco, eloco ; 
(settle), statuo, constituo. — To dispose 
of to another, rem alienare or ad aliuni 
Disposer (setter in order), ordinator, Sen. ; 

(distributor), dispensator. 
Disposing (setting in order), digestio, dis- 

positio ; ordinatio, Plin. 
Disposition, rerum in ordinem dispositio ; 
(inclination), indoles, ingenium. — In 
this disposition of mind, animis ita affectis. 
— fl disposition of the mind, animi affec- 
tio. 4 pious disposition, pietatis affec- 
tus. IT (rule or order), constitiitum, 

decretum, statutum. ■.IT (of the body), 

corporis habitus or habitude, corporis 
affectio. — Good, sanitas, firma corporis 
habitudo. — ///, maliis corporis habitus, 
corporis habitudo infirma or cegra. 
Disposal, ordo, dispositio ; compositio ; 
potestas, arbitrium. — Gud has the abso- 
lute disposal of all things, a Dei volunta- 
te ac nutti cuncta pendent ; pro arbitrio 
Deus omnia moderatur. — That is allot 
my disposal, a meo id omne pendet arbi- 
trio ; in mea potestate id totum est. — 
To be at his own disposal, esse sui poten- 
tem. — To give one's self wholly up to 
another's disposal, se totum alterius vo- 
luntas permittere, tradere, addicere. 
DISPOSSESS, de possessione dimovere 
et dejicere, possessione depellere ; ali- 
quem bonis exuere or spoliare. — To 
dispossess a man of his estate, aliquem de 
fundi possessione dejicere. 
Dispossession, ejectio, spoiiatio. 
DISPRAISE, vituperatio, obtrectatio. 
DISPROOF. See Disprove. 
DISPROPORTION, inasqualitas. 
Disproportionate, impar, dispar, in- 

Disproportionably, inaequaliter, impari- 

Disproportioned, impariter distributus, 

inasqualiter partitus. 
DISPROVE, confuto, refuto, infirmo ; 
refello, convello, redarguo, coarguo j 
diluere quae contra dici possunt. 
Disproving, Disproof, confutatio, refu- 

DISPUTE, disputo, discepto, argumentor, 
certo, concerto, decerto; contendo, 
commentor, congredior. — To dispute or 
differ about, litigo, ambigo. — To dis- 
pute one's right at law, judicio jus suunl 
asserere or vindicare. —7 Men dispute, 
disputatur. — To dispute fondly, nugor, 
Dispute, s. (debate), disputatio, discepta- 
tio, concertatio, altercatio, contentio : 
(quarrel), controversia, rixa ; jurgium, 
certamen. — The matter in dispute, con- 
troversia; res de qua disputatur or am- 
bigitur. — Beyond dispute, sine contro- 
Disputant, s. disputator, ratiocinator ; 
dialecticus. 1 quibbling disputant, dis- 
putator subtilis, sophista or sopbistes. 
Disputable, disputabilis (Sen.), de quo 
disputari potest, quod in controversiam 
vocari potest. 
DISQUALIFY, alicui rei faciendas inha- 
bilem facere or reddere. — Disqualified, 
inutilis, non idoneus, impar. 




Disqualification, res quee ad aliquid 
agendum inhabilem reddit. 

aegritudo, sollicitudo, eegrimonia; in- 
quietudo ; commotio; animi anxietas. 

To Disquiet, inquieto, excrucio, contur- 
bo, perturbo, vexo, infesto, ango, moles- 
tiam alicui afferre or exhibere ; aliquem 
rnolestia afficere. — Hidden troubles dis- 
quiet most, niagis exurunt, quae secreto 
lacerant curae. — Disquieted, inquietatus, 
discruciatus, excruciatus, perturbatus, 
conturbatus, sollicitus. — in mind, sol- 
licitus, anxius, animo perturbatus. — 
To become disquieted, inquietor, animi 
discrucior j-ringor ; sollicitudine angi. 

Disquieter, exagitator, turbator, pertur- 

Disquieting, inquietatio (Liv.), perturba- 

DISQUISITION, disquisitio, inquisitio, 
investigatio ; examen. 

DISREGARD, neglectus, contemptus, 

To Disregard, negligo, sperno, despicio, 
contemno, fastidio, aversor. 

DISRELISH, fastidium; declinatio, fu- 
ga ; odium. 

DISREPUTE, mala fama or existimatio. 
— To be in disrepute, male audire. — To 
live in disre^wte,inhonestam vitam agere. 

Disreputable, inhonestus, parum deco- 

DISRESPECT^ irreverentia ; contume- 
lia.— To show disrespect to one, reveren- 
tiam alicui non praestare. 

Disrespectful, inverecundus, parum 
verecundus ; impudens. 

Disrespectfully, parum verecunde, ir- 

DISROBE, vestem detrahere or exuere. — 
Disrobed, veste exutus. 

DISSATISFY (displease), displiceo, offen- 
do. — To be dissatisfied, eegre or graviter 
illiquid ferre. — We are dissatisfied with 
oar condition, nos fortunee nostras poeni- 
lel . — Dissatisfied, offensus. — lam dis- 
satisfied (not convinced), dubito, hsereo ; 
nihil certi video cur, etc. 

Dissatisfaction, offensa, ofFensio, rno- 
lestia. — We rather express our dissatis- 
factions than conceal them, anxietates et 
sollicitudines nostras pro ferre, quam 
celare, malumus. 

DISSECT (cut in pieces), disseco: (anato- 
mize), mortui corpus secare ; corpus in- 
cidere et singulas partes scrutari ; re- 
scindere artus cadaveris. 

Dissection, laceratio mortui (-orum) ; 
(as an art), anatomia, anatomice. 

Dissector, corporum sector. 

DISSEIZE, de possessione bonorum di 
movere et dejicere ; possessione depel 
lere, deturbare. 

Disseisin, ejectio, expulsio. 

DISSEMBLE (conceal what is), dissimulo, 
celo ; tego: (pretend what is not), simu- 
lo, obtendo. — I scorn to dissemble, non 
mea est simulatio. — To dissemble one's 
mind, dissimulo, sententiam fronte oc- 
cultare. — Dissembled (concealed), dis- 
simulatus ; (pretended), simulatus, Ac- 
Dissembler, simulator, dissimulator, 

simulator et dissimulator. in arrant 

dissembler, simulandi et dissimulandi 
Dissembling, adj. dolosus, rictus. 
Dissembling, s. (pretending what is not), 
simulatio; (concealing what is), dissimu- 
latio. — The art of dissembling, artifici- 
um simulationis. — Skilled therein, arti- 
ficio simulationis eruditus ; cujuslibet 
rei simulator ac dissimulator. 
Dissemblingly, simulate, flcte, fraudu- 

Dissimulation. (See Dissembling.) — 
Without dissimulation, aperte, plane, sin- 
cere, sine fuco. — To use dissimula- 
tion, aliquid dissimulare ; fraudulenter 
DISSEMINATE, dissemino, spargo, dis- 

DISSENT, dissentio, aliud sentire, alte- 

rius sentential adversari ; dissideo. 
Dissent, subst. by a circumlocution. 
Dissenter (person dissenting), dissenti- 
ens ; (nonconformist), a formula Bri 
tannorum dissentiens. 
Dissension, dissensio, dissrdium, discor 
dia. — To raise dissensions, lites serere 

turbas creare. — A sower of dissensions, 
contentionum fax. 

Dissensious, litigiosus. 

DISSERTATION, dissertatio ; commen- 
tarius ; tractatio. 

DISSERVE one, incommodo. 

Disservice, noxa, damnum, incommo- 

DISSEVER, sejungo, segrego, separo. ■ 

DISSIMILAR, dissimilis. 

Dissimilitude, Dissimilarity, dissimili- 

DISSIMULATION. See under Dissem- 

DISSIPATE, dissipo, dispergo, dispello. 

— The tabid dissipated the clouds, ventus 
nubila discussit or disjecit. 

Dissipation, dissipatio: (excess), intem- 
perantia, luxuria ; libido, libidines. 

DISSOLUTE (lewd), dissolutus, discinc- 
tus, prodigus, intemperans ; (careless), 
remissus, negligens. 

Dissolutely (lewdly), dissolute, prodige, 
intemperanter. — To live dissolutely, li- 
centius or effrenatius vivere ; liberius 
justo vivere; in luxum solutum esse ; vi- 
tam suam omni intemperantiae addicere. 

Dissoluteness, intemperantia, luxuria, 
luxuries; luxus ; liceutia. 

DISSOLVE, dissolvo, solvo, resolvo. — 
matrimony, matrimonium rescindere. — 

a connection, societatem dirimere. 

IT (separate into its parts), solvere, dissol- 
vere, resolvere; diluere ; liquare (melt): 

— v. n. solvi, dissolvi, dilui. — Not to 
be dissolved, indissolubilis. 

Dissolvent -medicine, medicamentum dis- 
cussorium, or vim dissolvendi habens. 

Dissolving, solutio, dissolutio. 

Dissoluble, dissolubilis ; qui (quae, quod) 
solvi or dissolvi potest. 

Dissolution (dissolving), solutio, dissolu- 
tio. IT (death), dissolutio (naturae) ; 


DISSONANT, dissonans, dissonus, abso- 
nus, dissentaneus. 

Dissonance, repugnantia, discrepantia. 

DISSUADE, dissuadeo, dehortor. 

Dissuader, dissuasor. 

Dissuasion, dissuasio. 

DISSYLLABLE, vox disyllaba; disylla- 

DISTAFF, colus. — full of tow, pensum, 

DISTAIN. See Stain. 

DISTANCE, distantia, intervallum, inter- 
capedo, interstitium, spatium ; (discord), 
discordia, dissidium. — To be at dis- 
tance, dissideo. — A long distance, lon- 
ginquitas. fit a great distance off, Ion- 
go intervallo. — of two miles, duum mil- 
liuin passuum intervallo. — To keep one 
at a distance, ad sermonis communica- 
tionem raro aliquem admittere. — To 
keep one's distance, loco vereri. — To 
stand at a distance, procul stare. 

To Distance, cursu superare, vincere ; 
prrecurro ; supero, vinco. 

Distant, distans, dissitus, disjunctus, 
amotus, remotus. — To be distant, disto, 
absum. — Far distant, longinquus, Ion- 
go intervallo dissitus or disjunctus. — 
Equally distant, ex aequo distans. 

DISTASTE. (See Aversion, Dislike.)— A 
little distaste, offensiuncula. 

Distasteful, ingratus, injucundus, in- 
suavis, molestus, acerbus. 

Distastefully, injucunde, moleste. 

DISTEMPER, morbus, aegrotatio, ad versa 
valetudo. — Malignant, morbus gravis 
or acerbus. — The decline of a distemper, 
senescentis morbi remissio. 

Distempered, morbidus, infirmus, vale- 
tudinarius. — A distempered stomach, sto- 
machus crudus, languens, languidus. 

IT (in mind), demens, insanus, men- 

te captus, lvmphatus, cerritus. 
DISTEND, d'istendo. 
Distension, distentio. 
DISTICH, distichon. 
DISTIL (drop), stillo, destillo, exstillo. 

IT (in the still), liquare ; succos eli- 

cere e, etc. ; coquere. — Distilled liquors, 
liquores stillaticii. 
Distillation (dropping), destillatio ; (by 

the still), liquandi opera. 
Distiller, destillator, liquator. 
DISTINCT, &c. See under Distinguish. 
DISTINGUISH (discern), intelligo, diju- 
dico, dignosco, internosc.o. — one thing 
from another, aliquid ab alio distinguere, 

cernere or discernere. - — IT To distin- 
guish (honor, &c), aliquem ornare, in 
honore habere, honorem alicui habere. — 
To be distinguished, eminere ; conspicu- 
um esse. — in a thing, excellere or flore- 
re in re. — among all, inter omnes excelle- 
re. — To distinguish one's self from oth- 
ers by some great action, nuinero aliorum 
se illustri aliquo facinore excerpere. — 
He distinguished himself on that occasion 
by his excellent genius, ingenio ea. in re 
prae caeteris enituit ; in ea re luxit illius 
Distinguishable, quod distingui or dis- 

cerni potest. 
Distinguished, distinctus, discrimina- 
tus ; (eminent), insignis, prasstans, cla- 
rus, nobilis, egregius, excellens. 
Distinguishing, Distinctive, (character- 
istic), singularis, proprius, — mark, nota; 
Distinct (different), separatus, distinc- 
tus, diversus, alius ; privus : (clear), 
distinctus, clarus, dilucidus. — Distinct, 
places were allotted for the senators and 
knights, loca divisa destinata fuerunt pa- 
tribus equitibusque. — Not distinct, fn- 
distinctus, indiscretus, confusus, indi- 

gestus. || See Clear. 

Distinctly (clearly), distincte, clare, 

aperte, articulatim. 
Distinctness, pronuntiatio distincta. 
Distinction, distinctio, secretio. — by 

points, interpunctio. IT (honor, note, 

&c), honor, dignitas ; (badge), insigne. 
— A man of distinction (high birth), homo 
illustri loco natus. 
Distinctively, discrete, separatim. 
DISTORT, torqueo, di'storqueo, depravo. 
Distortion, distortio, depravatio. 
DISTRACT (pull different ways), distraho : 
(interrupt, trouble), interpello, turbo, per- 
turbo, interturbo ; molestiam alicui ex- 
hibere or facessere : (make one mad), ali- 
cui mentem exturbare, aliquem mente 
privare. — Distracted (pulled different 
ways), distractus ; (interrupted or trou- 
bled), interpellatus, turbatus, perturba- 
tus ; (mad), aniens, insanus, furore per- 
citus, furiosus, furens. — Distracted 
times, tempora turbulenta. — To run dis- 
tracted, ad insaniam adigi or redigi ; fu- 
rore corripi or percelli. — To be distract- 
ed with anger or rage, ira vehementi in- 
flammari, incendi, excandescere, exar- 
Distractedly, insane, dementer. 
Distraction (disorder), confusio, pertur- 
batio: — (madness), amentia, dementia; 
insania ; furor. — What distraction pos- 
sesses the man? qua? intemperies agitat 
hominem ? 
DISTRAIN, bona alicujus ex decreto 
prstoris (judicis, etc.) vi auferre, occu- 
Distraining, comprehensio. 
DISTRESS (pressure, strait), angustiae, 
difficultas ; (want), inopia; (wretched- 
ness), res adversas or afflictae, miseria ; 
(danger), periculum, discrimen. — Dis- 
tress at sea, periculum naufragii. # 

signal of distress, signum periculi. — To 
be in distress, laboro, premor. — They 
were in distress for forage, premebantur 
pabulatione. — We were in the greatest 
distress, res erat ad extremum perducta 
To Distress or perplex one, premo, ad in- 
citas aliquem redigere. — To be distress- 
ed, rebus adversis premi ; cum malis 
conflictari, in miserias incidere. 
Distressful, Distressed, afflictus ; an- 
gustiis pressus ; in angustias adductus. 
DistressedLy, misere, calamitose, maeste. 
DISTRIBUTE (divide), distribuo, dispen- 
so, describo, dispertio. — He distributed 
the money in proportion to the number of 
soldiers, pro numero militum pecunias 
descripsit. — To distribute equally, apqua- 
biliter or aequis portionibus aliquid dis- 
pertire or distribuere. 
Distribution, distributio, dispensatio, di- 
visio, partitio, assignatio ; descriptio. — 
An equal distribution, asquabilis partitio. 

i distribution of flesh, visceratio. 

Distributive, suum cuique tribuens ; 

distribuens, dispensans. 
Distributively, partito. 
Distributor, distributor, divisor. 
DISTRICT (territory), ager, territoriuni) 
regio : (of a court), conventus. 
4 Y2 




fidentia, fides parva, suspicio. 

To Distrust, diffido, suspicor, alicui 
fidem non habere ; alicujus fidem sus- 
pectam habere. 

Distrustful, diflidens, tiraidus, suspicio- 

Distrustfully, diffidenter, timide, sus- 

DISTURB, turbo, perturbo, confundo. 
thepresenttranquillity, tranquillum rerum 

statum convellere. IT (hinder), prae 

pedio, impedio, moror; (vex), inquieto, 
excrucio, vexo, sollicito, dolore or 
masstitia afficere. — Without disturbing 

you, bona cum venia, pace tua.. 

IT -To disturb one in his possessions, pos 
sessiones alicujus invadere or occupare 
— in his business, interpello. — To dis 
turb one another, se invicem interpellare 

Disturbance, perturbatio, perturbatio or 
dinis ; turba, turbae, tumultus, tumultu- 
atio, concursatio ; strepitus : (of mind), 
perturbatio (animi), sollicitudo, angor, 
trepidatio, aegritudo. 

Disturber, turbator, interpellator. 

DisturbinGj inquietatio, interpellatio. 

DISUNION, dissensio, dissidium, distrac- 
tio, discordia; sejunctio, separatio, dis- 

To Disunite or stir up discord between 
person?, hominum animos disjungere or 
dissociare ; hominum conjimctionem di- 
rimere. — To disunite (be disunited), sol- 
vi, dissolvi : disjungi, sej'.ingi, disce- 
dere, discedere interne, abalienari. 

DISUSE, desuetude— To fall into disuse, 
in desuetudinem abire. 

To Disuse, desuefieri are, a consuetudine 
aliqua recedere, consuetudinem depo- 
nere. — Disused, desuetus. 

DITCH, fossa ; fossa incilis, incile, (for 

draining). # little ditch, fossula. — A 

ditch with water, lacuna. — To make a 
ditch, fossam facere, ducere. — To draw 
a ditch round something, fossa cingere or 
circumdare aliquid ; before something, 
fossam praducere. — Full of ditches, la- 

Ditcher, fossor. 

Ditching, fossio, fossa; circumductio ; 

DITHYRAMBIC, dithyrambicus. 

DITTO, dictus ; idem, eadem. 

DITTY, cantilena, carmen, canticum. 

DIURETIC, urinam ciens. 

DIURNAL, diurnus. 

Diurxallt, quotidie. 

DIVAN, consilium summum (Turcarum). 


DIVE (in icater), se mergere in aquam, 

subireaquam ; urinari (as divers do). 

IT To dive into a business, penitus intro- 
spicere, explorare, examinare, investi- 
gare, scrutari. — into one's purpose, ex- 
piscor; animum or voluntatem alicujus 
perscrutari. — / cannot dive into it, ne- 
queo conjectura assequi. 

Diver; urinator; urinans. 

Diving, urinatio. 

DIVERGE, diversos(as,a)abire,divaricor. 

DIVERS (manifold), multiplex, multus. — 
Of divers colors, multis or variis colori- 
bus, multicolor, versicolor, variegatus. 
— forms, multiformis. — Divers ways, 
multifariam, multifarie. — Of divers 
kinds, multigenus, multimodus, multi- 
jugis or multijugus. — Divers kinds of 
religion, varias veligiones. 

DIVERSE (differing), varius, diversus, 
absimilis, dissimilis. — Your ways are 
diverse from mine, a meis rationibus dis- 
crepant tuae. — To make diverse, vario. 

To Diversify, vario, variis modis figurare 
or delineare. — Diversified, variatus, va- 
riis modis figuratus or delineatus. 

Diversifying, variatio. 

Diversity, diversitas, varietas. — As 
there is a great diversity in bodies, so there 
are great varieties in minds, ut in corpo- 
ribus magnae sunt dissimilitudines, sic 
in animisfmajores existunt varietates. 

Diversely, diverse, varie. 

DIVERSION. See under Divert. 

DIVERT (turn aside), deverto, averto ; 
aliquem abaliqua, re avocare,abducere, 
abstrahere : — (entertain), aliquem oblec- 
tare, alicui oblectationem or jucundita- 
tem afferre. — To divert one's self, ani- 
mum recreare, refocillare, laxare, re- 
laxare ; curas or dolores lenire ; jucun- 

ditati se dare. — To divert the remem 
brance of misery, a dolore, malo or 
miseria aberrare. — Diverted (turned 
aside), alio aversus, derivatus, deduc 
tus : (delighted), oblectatus, recreatus, 

Diverting (agreeable), jucundus, lepidus 
festivus, facetus. 

Divertisement, exercitatio ludicra, re 

Diversion (going or turning aside), di 
gressio, digressus ; (recreation), anim 
relaxatio or oblectatio ; jucunditas, avo- 

catio, avocamentum. IT To give an 

enemy a diversion, hostem distinere, hos- 
tes_ distringere ; negotium hostibus fa 

DIVEST, exuere aliquem veste or vesti 
bus, detrahere alicui vestem ; exuere 
vestem, ponere vestem : nudo, spolio 
privo, orbo, multo ; libero, eximo, levo. 
|| See also Bereave. 

Divesting, spoliatio. 

DIVIDE, divido, dirimo, partior, xlisper 
tio. — Divideit, dividuumfacito. — The 
house divided upon the question, discessio 
fiebat. — To be divided in opinion, in con- 
trarias sententias distrahi, in partes ab 
ire. — They are divided in their opinions, in 
contrarias sententias distrahuntur. — 
To divide the prey, prsdam dispertiri. — 
To divide upon a question in debate, in di' 
versas partes discedere-, suffragiautrim 
que inire. — To divide asunder, segrego, 
separo ; disjungo, secerno, distermino, 
distinguo. — into two, in duas partes d 
videre. — into three, in tres partes or tri- 
partite distribuere. — Divided, divisus 
partitus, sectus. — Divided in fwo,biparti 
tus. — in three, tripartitus. — into many 
parts, multipartitus. — Easily divided. 
separabilis, dividuus. — To divide into 
several branches (as a river), in plures 
partes dividi or difHuere. — A divided 
people, civitas secum discors. 

Dividedly, separatim, seorsim, distincte 

Dividend in money, pecunia or summa 
dividenda ; pars, portio. 

Divider, divisor, distributor. 

Division, &c. See under Divisible. 

DIVINE, divinus, ccelestis. — Divine 
vengeance, ira Dei. — Divine service, Dei 
cultus ; res divina? ; sacra publica. 

Divine, s. theologus. See also Clergy- 

Divinely, divine, divinitus. 

Divinity (dir.ineness), divinitas, natura 
divina, vis divina: (theology), theologia, 
literce sacra. — Of divinity, theologicus. 

IT (deity, God), Deus, numen diyi- 


To Divine (use divination), divirio, augu- 
ror, hariolor, vaticinor, futura prredice- 
re, praesagire, prsesentire ; (enchant) , in- 
canto, fascino ; (guess), conjecto, con- 
jicio, conjecturam facere. 

Diviner, divinus, sortilegus, augur, ha- 
ruspex, fatidicus, conjector, hariolus ; 
(guesser), conjector. 

Divining, divinatio, praedictio. 

Divination (divining), vaticinatio, divi- 
natio ; auguratio (from the flight of 
birds): praedictio: — (the prediction), 
vaticinium ; oraculum. — The gift of 
divination, divinatio. — Divination by 
water, hydromantia. — from dreams, 
somniorum interpretatio or conjectio. 

DIVISIBLE, quod dividi potest ; divi- 

Divisibleness, dividua alicujus rei natu- 

Division (a dividing), divisio, partitio, 
distributio: (going into parties), factio, 
seditio ; (strife), dissensio, dissidium, 
lis. — To stir up divisions among citi- 
zens, inter cives discordiam concitare or 
dissensionem commovere ; discordiam 

or dissidium in civitatem inducere. 

IT (in arithmetic), divisio. IT (of an 

army), legio. 

Divisor, divisor. 

DIVORCE, divortium, repudium,discidi- 
um, abruptio matrimonii. 

To Divorce, divortium cum uxore facere ; 
uxorem repudiare, e matrimonio dimit- 
tere ; nuntium o?-repudium uxoriremit- 
tere. — Divorced, repudiatus, dimissus. 

Divorcing, repudiatio, repudium. 

DIVULGE, vulgo, divulgo, publico; ali- 
quid in vulgus edere. — To be divulged, 
palatn fieri: exire in turbam or in v'ul- 

gus, efferri (foras, in vulgus). — A mat- 
ter divulged, res palam facta or pervul- 

DIZEN, orno, exorno., 

DIZZY, vertiginosus, vertigine laborans ; 
fig. temerarius. 

Dizziness, vertigo. 

DO, in English, is frequently only the 
sign of the present tense ; as, / do 
hear, audio. — Do not leave me, ne me 
desere. — Do not touch me, noli me tan- 
gere. —Do not meddle with other people's 
affairs, ne te alienis rebus interiiiisce. 

IT To do (act or make), ago, facio, 

efficio ; (accomplish), exsequor, perago, 
conficio, prasto : — when do merely takes 
the place of another verb, facio is used, but 
not ago ; as, / pray you as a suppliant, 
which I cannot do without extreme grief, 
supplex te rogo, quod sine summo dolo- 
re facere non possum. — Do so no more, 
ne quid simile feceris. — What doth he 
here ? cur hie est 1 —It is but as I used 
to do, solens nieo more fecero. — How do 
you do? ut or quomodo vales? — You 
may do something with him, valebis apud 
hominem. — I know not what to do, quo 
me vertam nescio. — You will do no 
good, nihil promovebis. — It will do, be- 
ne procedit. — / do my oion mind, meo 
remigio rem gero. — We must do as we 
may, if we cannot do as we would, ut qui- 
mus, quando ut volumus non licet. — 
/ can't endure you should do so, odiose 
facis. — What shall I do first ? quid nunc 

pnmum exsequar : 

What had we best 

to do now 7 nunc quid facto opus est? — 
They have nothing to do, illis negotii ni- 
hil est. — What is. done cannot be undone, 
factum infectum fieri nequit. — It shall 
be done, curabitur, fiet. — Done before, 
anteactus. —Done advisedly, deliberatus : 
— hastily, properatus ,• temere or incon- 
sulto factus. — I have done my part, quod 
meum fuit praastiti. -^By doing nothing, 
we learn to do ill, nihil agendo, male age- 
re discimus. — To do one's best, operam 
dare or navare ; summa ope anniti, 
omni ope atque opera eniti, ut, etc. — To 
do one's duty or part, officio fungi, offi- 
cio m colere. — / will do the part of a 
whetstone, fungar vice cotis. —JVot to do 
his duty, officio deesse.— To go about to 
do, facesso. — To do one's utmost, omtiem 
lapidem movere, nihil non experiri, ma- 
nibus pedibusque conari. - To do like 
for like, par pari referre or reddere. — 
To do well (prosper), rebus secundis uti ; 
(recover), convalesco. — To do one a fa- 
vor, beneficium alicui facere. — To do a 
wrong, injuriam alicui inferre ; aliquem 
injuria afficere. —Much to do, plurimum 
negotii. — Done, actus, factus, gestus ; 
(despatched), expeditus, perfectus, trans- 
actus. — Iioill get it done against night, 
effectum hoc red dam ad vesperuni. — 
Well, I have done, hem, desino. — Will 
you never have done? nunquamne desi- 
nes ? — When all is done, tandem, ad ex- 
tremum, demum, denique. — Have you 
done with my book ? an satis usus es meo 
libro ? an amplius tibi opus est meo libro ? 
— What are you doing 1 quid agis t — It 
is now doing, nunc agitur. — WJiat have 
I been doing ? quid egi ? - That matter is 
now doing, in ista re jam laboratur ; ea 
res jam ligitur. 

Doer, actor, effector; auctor. — An evil- 
doer, homo facinorosus, scelestus, sce- 
leratus, maleficus. 

Doing (of something), actio, confectio, ex- 

secutio. IT A doing (deed), factum, 

res gesta. — Evil doings, facta prava. — 
Good, facta bona, facinora praclara. 
IT Great doings, magnus apparatus. 

DOCILE, docilis, doctrina? capax. 

Docility, docilitas. 

DOCK (for ships), statio ; navale. 

DOCK (cut of the tail), caudam amputa- 
re. — Docked, amputatus, scissus, re- 


DOCKET, titulus : — causarum index. 

DOCTOR, doctor (as a title) ; medicus 
(physician). — of divinity, theologian 
doctor. — of laws, legum doctor. — of 
physic, medicines doctor. — A doctor's 
dc aree, doctoris gradus. — To take one's 
doctor's dr.rrrc, amplissimum doctoris 
gradum adipisci ; amplissimum gradum 
doctoris capessere. 

DOCTRINE, doctrina, eruditio. 





Doctrinal, ad dortrinam pertinens. 

Doctrinally, in moduin doctrinae. 

DOCUMENT, documentum; literae, ta- 

To Document, instituo, doceo, erudio. 

DODGE, tergiversor. deverticula flexio- 
nesque qua?rere ; cunctor. 

DOE, dama fernina. 

DOFF, exuo, depono. — To doff one's hat, 
caput aperire. 

DOG, canis. — Young, catulus, catellus, 
catula, catella. — Little, canicula. — A 
bu!l-dog, canis Molossus. — House, canis 
domesticus. — Lap, catulus Melitaeus, 
catellus quern mulier in deliciis habet. 
—Jllad, canis rabidus. — begotten of a wolf 
and a bitch, lycisca. — Terrier, canis ver- 
tagus. — Hunting, canis venaticus. — A 
band-dog, canis catenarius. — A pack of 
dogs, turba or grex canum. — To cheer 
the dogs, canes hortari. — To set them 
on, immittere or instigare. — To keep 
dogs, canes habere, alere. — Of or be- 
longing to a dog, caninus. — Dog-days, 
dies caniculares. — Dog-star, canicula ; 

Sirius. IF {contemptuously, of a man), 

homo, homuncio, homo deterrimus. — 
An old dog at a thing, homo in aliqua 
re versatus, exercitatus ; in aliqua re 

veterator. IT Dog-cheap, vilissimo 

pretio emptus. — To be so, pro luto esse. 

To Dog one, assector ; aliquem sequi 
quoquo eat} aliquem vestigiis furtim 

Dogged (cftwW/'.s7i),stomachosus, morosus, 

Doggedly, morose, acerbe. — Doggedly 
dealt with, barbare, indignis modis, cru- 
deliter habitus or acceptus. 

Doggrel verse, carmina incondita, jocu- 
laria carmina. 

DOGMA (tenet), dogma, placitum. 

Dogmatical, propositi tenax. 

Dogmatically, fidenter. 

Dogmatist, novre opinionis praco. 

To Dogmatize, novum dogma dissemi- 
nate or serere ; novo dogmate animos 

DOIT, teruncius, triens. 

DOLE, donatio, largitio; stips. 8. gene- 
ral's dole to his soldiers, donativura. — 
A nobleman's dole to Ms attendants, con- 

giarium. # dole of flesh, visceratio. — 

of corn, frumentatio. — See Sportula in 
the Lex. 

Doleful, lamentabilis, lugubris, luctuo- 
sus, nuestus, tristis, acerbus. 

Dolefully, flebiliter. 

Dolefulness, lamentatio, luctus, mss- 
titia, tristitia. 

DOLL, pupa ; icuncula puellaris. 

DOLLAR, thalerus. 

DOLPHIN, delphinus. 

DOLT, stipes, hebes, fungu3. 

Doltish, stolidus, vecors, socors, stupi- 
dus, tardus, hebes, brutus. 

Doltishly, stolide, insulse. 

Doltishness, stupiditas, stupor, vecordia, 

DOMAIN, territorium, prajdia. 

IT (rule), dominium, imperium. 

DOME (body of a great church), aedes ba- 
silica. TT (cupola), tholus. 

DOMESTIC, domesticus. — A domestic 
servant, servus domesticus. — Domestic 
affairs, res domesticae or familiares. — 
A domestic chaplain, a sacris domesticis. 

DOMICILE, domicilium. 

DOMINANT, qui imperium tenet, impe- 
rat: — vulgatus, pervulgatus, commu- 
nis ; or by genit. vulgi or omnium. 

Domination, doininatio, dominium. 

DOMINEER, dominor, imperito ; inso- 
lenter imperare. — over, insulto. — To 
suffer a person to domineer over him, sub- 

jicere se alterius libidini Domineered 

over, insolenter habitus or acceptus. 

Domineering, insolens, arrogans, impe- 

riosus. <2 domineering humor, insolen- 


DOMINICAL, dominicalis. 

DOMINION, doininatio, dominium, im- 
perium ; jus, principalis, ditio. (See 
the Lex.) — To have dominion over, do- 
minor, impero ; rerum potiri ; principa- 
tuin obtinere. 

DOMINO, vestis hominis personati. 

DON, 5. dominus Hispanus. 

DON. v. induo. 

DONATION, donum, donativum. 

Donor, dator, largitor. 

DOOM, sententia, judicium; fatum. 

To D iom, damno, condemno. 
Doomsday, dies summi judicii, dies no- 

vissimus. IT Doomsday-book, tabellae 

censuales or liber censualis Wilhelmi 

Doomsman, judex. 

DOOR, ostium, janua, fores. ' — I will 
break the doors to pieces, faciam assulas 
ex foribus. — Get you in doors quickly, 
ite intro cito. — He went just now out of 
doors, modo exivit foras. — It is next 
door or near akin to, proxime accedit 
ad. — At the door, ante ostium, ad fores, 
pro or pra foribus. — The house-door, 

ostium. 1 little door, ostiolum. — A 

■ fore door, anticum. # back door, os- 
tium posticum, posticum, pseudothy- 
rum. — A folding door, valvac, janua 
biforis, fores valvataa, bifores valvce. — 
To bolt a dcor, fores pessulis occludere ; 
foribus pessulum obdere. — To knock 

at the door, fores pulsare. 1 door-bar, 

vectis, repagulum. — bolt, obex, pessu- 
lus. — posts, postes. — A door-keeper, 
ostiarius, janitor, janitrix. — Within 
doors, intus, domi. — Out of doors (out 
of the house), foras ; foris. — To put one's 
head out of doors, extra aedes apparere 
— To tell tales out of doors, dicta foras 
eliminare. — From door to door, osti 
atim. — To drive out of doors, aliquem 
domo exigere or expellere. — To gi 
out, domo egredi. — To kick out, calci 
bus aliquem domo exigere. 

DORIC, Doricus. 

DORMANT (sleeping), dormiens ; (con 
cealed), occultus, latens ; (inactive), de 
ses, otiosus, nihil agens. — To lie dor 
mant (hidden), lateo, celor ; (inactive) 
consopitum esse, domi desidem sedere 
a rebus administrandis se abstinere or 

Dormitory, cubiculum dormitorium, dor 

DORMOUSE, glis. 

DOSE, medicamenti portio. 

To Dose one, certam medicamenti portio- 
nem alicui assignare or praescribere. 

DOT, punctum. 

To Dot, punctis notare. 

DOTE, deliro, desipio You dote, tibi 

non sanum est sinciput. — To t 
iipon, depereo, deamo, perdite amare ; 
alicujus amore ardere, flagrare, inflam- 
mari. — Doting, delirans, desipiens 
vecors, delirus. 

Dotingly, aniliter, insane. 

Dotish, deliranti similis. 

Dotage, deliramentum, deliratio. 

Dotard, delirus, insipiens. In old do- 
tard, senex delirus. 

DOTTEREL, avis fatua, delira, imitatrix 

DOUBLE, duplex, geminus ; anceps ; du- 
plus. — The double, duplum, duplex, 
alterum tantum. — He was sentenced to 
pay double costs, duplum dare judicum 
sententi'9. coactus est. — To carry double, 
duos simul in dorso ferre. — Three- 
double, triplex; triplus : — four, quad- 
ruplex: — fire, quintuplex. — Double- 
chinned, duplicate mento praaditus. — 
Double-hearted, double-minded, fraud ulen- 
tus, fallax ; dissimulator, fraudator. — 
Double-tongued, bilinguis, mendax, fal- 
lax. — Double-edged, anceps. — headed, 

Double, s. (fold), sinus. 

To Double, duplico ; gemino. — four 

times (make four fold) , quadruplico. 

IT To double the fist, manum comprimere 

pugnumque facere. IT To double a 

cape, promontorium praetervehi, supe- 

Doubling, duplicatio ; geminatio. — of 
words (in rhetoric), verborum reduplica- 
tio, anadiplosis. 

Doubly, dupliciter. — To deal doubly, 
preevaricor; hue et illuc nutare ; inter 
utramque partem fluctuare. 

Doublet, colobium. 

DOUBT, DOUBTING, dubitatio, hoesita- 
tio ; scrupulus. — But I have one doubt 
still, at mihi unus scrupulus etiam re- 
stat. — Put me out of doubt, libera me 
metu. — You make more doubts than the 
case requires, nodum in scirpo quaeris. — 
Whilst the mind is in doubt, it is easily 
driven backwards and forwards, dum in 
dubio est animus, paulo momento hue 
illuc impellitnr. — [make no doubt of 

that matter, de illsb re nullus dubito or 
mihi dubium non est. — To put one into 
some doubt, scrupulum alicui injicere. 
— To k.eep one in doubt, animum alicui 
suspendere, suspensum tenere. — To 
put one out of doubt, metu aliquem libe- 
rare ; scrupulum eximere. — Without 
doubt, sine dubio, sine controversia. ; pro- 
cul dubio; extra dubitationem, sine 
ulla dubitatione. — JVo doubt, sane, cer- 
te, haud dubie, sine dubio. 

To Doubt, dubito, fluctuo, hnssito, hfereo ; 
animo pendere, hue illuc incltnare; in 
dubium aliquid vocare. — He does not 
doubt, but that, &c, non dubitat, quin, 
etc. — To doubt somewhat, subdubito. — 

It is doubted, ambigitur, dubitatur. 

IT To doubt (fear or suspect), aliquid or 
de aliqua re suspicari. — To make one 
doubt or suspect, suspicionem alicui 
afferre, movere, commovere, injicere. 

Doubtful, ambiguus, dubius, incertus, 
anceps. — Doubtful (equivocal) meaning 
of words, verborum ambiguitas ; am- 
phibolia.' — They were doubtful of the 
event of the battle, proelii exitum time- 

Doubtfully, ambigue, dubie, incerte. 

Doubtfulness, ambiguitas, dubitatio. 

Doubtless, hand dubie, certe, certissime. 

DOUGH, farina ex aqua subacta. — To 
knead dough, farinam subigere, depsere. 

Doughy bread, panis male coctus. 

DOVE, columba, columbus. — Stock, pa- 
lumbes, pain minis. — Turtle, turtur. — 
Ring, columba cauda torquata. — A 
young dove, pnllus columbinus. — Of, 
'like a dove, columbinus, columbaris. — 
Dove-eolor, color columbinus. — A dove- 
cot, dove-house, columbarium. — Dove- 
like, in morem coluiiibarum. 

DOWDY, femina inelegans et invenusta. 

DOWER, DOWRY, dos. — To give a 
daughter a dowry, filial dotem dare, fili- 
am dotare. — Given in dowry, dotalis. — 
Things over and above the dowry, para- 

Dowered, dotata. 

Dowerless, indotata. 

Dowager, vidua nobilis cui ususfructus 
partis bonorum mariti concessus est. 

DOWLAS, linteum crassius et firmius. 

DOWN, subst. (feathers), plumae ; (on 
trees and fruits), lanugo ; barba (on 
nuts) : — (on the body), lanugo, barba 

prima. 9. down bed, culcita" plumea. 

TT (a plain), planities, campus pla- 
nus or apertus ; edita planities. 

Downy, plumosus, lanuginosus ; plu- 
meus, mollis, mollissimus. 

DOWN, prep, secundum; per. — To fall 
down, stairs, per gradus (scalanim) pre- 
cipitem ire. — To float down the river, 
secundo flumine deferri. — To go down 
the hill, per clivum descendere. — To 
go down hill (decrease), decrescere ; (in 
property), res ejus dilabuntur. — A road 
which n-ocs down hill, via.declivis. — The 
downhill way of age, iter declive senec- 
tae. — Going down hill (in age), vergens 
annis, in senium vergens. —Quite down 
the hill (brought to poverty), ad inopiam, 
egestatem or mendicitatem redactus. 

Down, Downward, adv. deorsum ; de- 
super ; in composition usually by de. — 
/ am down (gone down), descendi ; 
(fallen), cecidi. — Down in the mouth, 
maestus, tristis, regre aliquid ferens. — 
Down to, usque ad. — Down to the pres- 
ent time, usque ad banc memoriam. — 
Right down (adj.), directus ad perpen- 
diculum, directus : — adv. ad perpen- 
diculum, directo. — A going down (a 
hill), descensus. — A down look, vultus 
demissus, tristis, mrestus. — A down- 
looking person, homonebulosa. fronte. — 
The going down of the sun, solis occasus 
or occubitus. — To go or be carried 
downward, in inferius ferri. — With the 
face downward, pronus ; in faciem cu- 
bare. — Up and down, sursum deorsum. 
— The clock is down, horologium mo- 
ved desiit. — The sun is down, sol occi- 

dit. Down ! procumbe, procum- 

bite ; (go dozen), descende. — To bear 
down, obruo, sterno, prosterno. — To 
break down, diruo, demolior. — To bring 
a thing down from above, aliquid e loco 
snperiore afferre. — To bring down 
(humble) a person, alicujus superbiam 
coeicere, frangere, reprimere ; the price 




of a thing, pretium rei alicujus immi- 

Downfall, casus, ruina, lapsus. — The 

downfall of water or a cascade, preceps 

aquce lapsus. — of a river, &e, fluvii 

declivitas or devexitas. 
Downhill, declivis, devexus, preceps. 

(See above, Down, prep.) 
DOWRY. See Dower. 
DOXOLOGY, collaudatio ; doxologia, 

DOZE {make to doze), sopio, stupefacio, 

obstupefacio ; soporo, percello. 

IT To doze (be half asleep), sopiri, sopo- 

Doziness, torpor, veternus. 
Dozy, somniculosus. 
DOZEN, duodecirn, duodeni. 
DRAB cloth, panni genus crassius. 
DRACHM, drachma. 
DRAFF, siliquae, pi., esca porcina. 
DRAG, traho ; rapio. — To drag by the 

hair, crinibus aliquem trahere, rapere. 

— To drag for oysters, ostreas tragula 
captare. — — IT To drag, v. n. trahi, 
verrere terram. — To drag (loiter) be- 
hind, lentis passibus pone subire. 

Drag (hook), subst. harpago. 

Dragnet, verriculum, everriculum, tra- 

To Draggle through the dirt, per lutum 
trahere. — Draggled, cosno oblitus. 

DRAGON, draco, serpens, serpens draco. 

Dragonet, dracunculus. 

Dragonish, Dragonlike, instar draco- 

DRAGOON, dimacha ; eques levis arma- 

To Dragoon, equitibus levis armature 

DRAIN, aquam ex loco derivare ; exsic- 
care. — To be drained, exsiecari. — To 
drain (a fen), desicco. — To drain one's 
purse, marsupium alicujus exenterare. 

Drain, s. incilis fossa ; emissarium : — 
(for filth), latrina. 

Drainable, quod desiccari potest. 

Draining, desiccatio, exsiccatio. 

DRAKE, anas mas. 

DRAM, drachma. — Not a dram, ne te,- 
runcius quidem. II A dram (of bran- 
dy, &.c), haustus. 

DRAMA, fabula. 

Dramatic, scenicus ; dramaticus, 

Dramatically, more scenico; quasi res 

Dramatist, fabularum scriptor. 

DRAPER, qui pannos vendit. — Woollen, 
qui pannos laneos vendit. — Linen, lin- 
teo, qui lintea vendit. 

Drapery (cloth-work), panni textura: 
(dress), ornatus, vestitus, habitus; ves- 
tis or vestes. 

DRASTIC, efficax. 

DRAUGHT. See Draw. 

DRAW (hale along), traho, duco. — You 
may draw him which way you will with a 
thread, paullo momento hue illuc impel- 
litur. — To draw or allure, allicio, pelli- 
cio. — To draw beer, wine, &c, promo. 

— To draw asunder, distraho. — To 
draw away, abstraho, seduco. — To draw 
back (v. a'.), retraho, reduco, revoco. — 
To draw back (v. n.), recedo, retroce- 
do, se recipere : — (boggle), tergiver- 
sor : — (refuse), aliquid detrectare : — 
(revolt), ab aliquo desciscere. — To draw 
a conclusion from, ex aliqua re aliquid 
efficere. — To draw cuts or lots, sortior. 

— Let us draw lots, fiat sortitio. — To 
draw doion a narration, &c, deduco, 
perduco ; contexo. — To draw down, 
detrahere. — To draio down forces upon 
a town, copias in oppidum ducere. 

— To draw down punishments or judg- 
ments upon one's head, pcenas in se ar- 
cessere. — To draw the eyes of all upon 
him, omnium oculos in se unum con- 
verter. — To draw dry, exhaurio, ina- 
nio, exinanio. — To draw by fair means, 
suadeo, delink), pellicio, duco. — To 
draw forth in length, protraho, extraho, 
produce — To draw forth (liquor), ex- 
promo. — To draw by force, pertraho, 
rapio, rapto. — To draw fomoard, pro- 
duco. — To draw one on with hope, spe 
aliquem producere or lactare. — To draw 
on, perduco: — (approach), insto, urgeo, 
appropinquo. — Night draws on, instat 
or appetit nox. — To draw near, appro- 

pinquo, accedo. — To draw 
exentero. — To draw in or entice, illicio, 
adblandior : — They drew him into the 
snare, in insidias pertraxerunt. — To 
draw in or close, contraho. — To draw 
or describe, delineo, depingo. — To 
draw money from one by fair speeches, pe- 
cuniam ab aliquo blanditiis extorquere. 

— To draw (call) off, revoco, avoco, re- 
traho. — To draw (go) off, discedo, ex- 
cedo, abeo. — To draw or pass over, 
trajicio. — To draw out (exhaust), ex- 
haurio; (pull out), extraho; (lead out), 
educo, produce — To draw out (a party), 
seligo. — To draw to, attraho. — To 
draw to a close or an end, ad finem or ex- 
itum perducere. — To draio together, 
contraho, congrego. — To draw up, hau- 
rio, attraho. — To draw up an army, 
aciem instruere, milites ordinare or 
disponere. — in front, aciem in longitu- 
dinem porrigere. — to the city, ad urbem 
exercitum admovere. — a fleet in a line 
of battle, naves dirigere in pugnam. — 
two armies to an engagement, duos exer- 
citus elicere ad pugnam. — To draw 
up in writing, see below. — To draw 
water, aquam exhaurire or haurire. — 
in a sieve, cribro aquam haurire ; pertu- 
sum dolium implere. — Drawing along, 
trahens. — By drawing along, tractim. 

— To be drawn, trahor, ducor. — They 
are drawn by reward, pretio ac mercede 
ducuntur. — I cannot be drawn to believe, 
non adducor ut credam. — He could by 
no means be drawn to fight, nulla ratione 
ad pugnam allici potuit. — ; Drawn along, 
tractus or ductus. — Drawn as liquors, 
haustus, expromptus. — Drawn in or 
enticed, allectus, illectus, pellectus. — 
Drawn aside, seductus. — away, abduc- 
tus, abreptus. — out, extractus, de- 
promptus, productus, protractus. — to, 
attractus. — Easily drawn, ductilis, duc- 

titius. IT To draw or make a draught 

in writing, describo, depingo. — To 
draw the first draught (as painters), ad- 
umbro, delineo. — To draw the picture 
of a person, efhgiem alicujus exprimere, 

aliquem pingere or depingere. IT To 

draw (as hounds) by scent, invesligo, odo- 

ror. IT To draw a sore, suppurato- 

ria medicamenta adhibere. — To draio 

to a head (v. n.), suppuror. IT To 

draw up in writing, scribere, verbis con- 

cipere. IT Drawn (not decided), du- 

bius. — The battle was drawn, incerto 
eventu dimicatum est ; sic est pugna- 
tum, ut equo prcelio discederetur, aequo 
or dubio Marte pugnatum est. 

Drawback, pecuniae restitutio. 

Drawer (tapster), caupo, vini promus. 

IT (box), cistella pendula, capsula, locu- 

lus. IT Drawers (breeches j, bracce 

interiores, subligacula. 

Drawing aside (act.), sedurtio : (pass.), 
secessio. — back, retractatio. — by fair 

means, suasio, delinitio. 1 drawing in, 

inductio. — forth or inlength, productio. 

IT A drawing nigh, appropinquatio, 

accessio. IT A drawing of water, 

aqua? derivatio. IT A drawing 

(draught), designatio, descriptio, ad- 
umbratio; forma, figura, species; ima- 
go : — - drawing (as an art), pictura line- 
aris, graph is. 

Draught (copy), exemplum, exemplar : 

— (sketch), adumbratio, designatio, de- 
scriptio ; figura, species. IT (in 

drinking), haustus. IT (of a net), 

bolus, jactus. IT (of air), perfla- 

tus ; ventus. IT (drawing, pulling), 

tractus. — Beasts for draught, jumenta 
jugalia; jumenta. IT (privy), forica. 

IT To play at draughts, say duode- 
cirn scriptis ludere. 

DRAWL (in speech), verba lente proferre. 

DRAY, tragula, traha. 

Drayman, qui traham agit. 

DREAD, pavor, timor, terror, formido. 

To Dread, metuo, timeo, paveo, expa- 

vesco, pertimesco, extimesco. 
Dread, -Dreaded, formidatus. 
Dreadful, terribilis, horribilis, horren- 

dus, pertimescendus ; atrox. 
Dreadfully, terribilem or horrendum in 

modum, atrociter. 
Dreadfulness, horror ; atrocitas. 
DREAM, somnium ;fig. somnium, delira- 

mentum. — A vision in. a dream, visus 

nocturnns. — In a dream, per somnum, 


in somnis. 
um turbulentum. — To tell one's dream, 
somnium alicui enarrare. — To inter- 
pret a dream, somnium interpretari. 

To Dream, somnio ; per or secundum 
quietem videre ; dormito (fig-). — To 
dream awake, vigilantem somniare. — J 
should not have dreamed it, quod non 
somniabam. — To dream a dream, som- 
nium somniare. — I dreamed these things, 
haec mini dormienti visa sunt. -^— 
IT (dote, rave), deliro. 

Dreamer, somnians ; homo somniculo- 
sus, tardus. 

Dreamingly, somniculose, oscitanter. 

Dreamless, nunquam somniis vexatus. 

DREARY (desert), vastus, desertus, in- 
cultus ; (sad), tristis, mestus ; (rough), 

horridus. 1 dreary way, via longa or 

tedium afferens. 

Dreariness, vastitas, horror, mestitia. 

DREDGE for oysters, ostrea legere, colli- 

Dredgers, qui ostrea legunt. 

DREGS, fiEx, sedimentum. — of oil, fra- 
ces. — of wine, feces vini ; floces. — Fig. 
Dregs of the people, populi sordes or fex; 
urbis sentina. — To clear from dregs, 

defeco. IT The dregs of a distemper, 

morbi reliquie. 

Dreggy, feculentus. 

DRENCH, or give a drench, potionem 
medicam dare, adhibere or prebere. 

IT (dip in), immergo, imbuo ; (soak), 


Drench, s. salivatum, potio medica. 

DRESS (put on clothes), vestem induere : 
(trim), orno, como ; euro. — Dress your- 
self before you go abroad, quin tu te colis 
antequam exeas domo ? — They are 
dressed very fine, nihil videtur mundi- 
us nee magis elegans. — To dress anew 
or dress up, interpolo. — To dress up a 
chamber, -cubiculum ordinare or appa- 
rare. — To dress curiously, exorno, con- 
cinno. — To dress the head (as a woman), 
caput ornare. — To dress a dead body, 
pol lingo. — To dress a horse, equum cu- 
rare, destringere, depectere. — meat, 
cibum coquere, coquinor. — a tree, ar- 
borem putare or amputare. — a vine, 
vitem colere, incidere. . — a wound, vul- 
nus obligare; ulceri emplastrum adhi- 
bere. — To dress (curry), depexum dare. 

— To dress leather, corium macerare. — 
Dressed, ornatus, paratus, concinnatus, 
cultus. — finely, nitide, splendide, scite 
vestitus. — in their formalities, insigni- 

, bus suis velati. — Poorly dressed, male 
vestitus, sordida veste indutus. 

Dress, s. ornatus, cultus, vestitus. — Grace- 
ful, ornatus, etc., decorus, concinnus, 
elegans. — He has got into a ne?o dress, 
ornatus in novum incedit modum. — 
What a dress is that! quid istuc ornati ? 

Dresser, qui or que vestit, ornat. — of 
flax or hemp, qui linum, cannabim fer- 
reis hamis pectit. — of leather, coriarius. 

— of meat, coquus. — of old things, ve- 
teramentarius. — of a vine, &c, puta- 

tor. IT (dresser-board), abacus culi- 

narius, mensa coquinaria. 

Dressing, ornatio, ornatus, curatura, cul- 
tura. — of meat, coctio. IT (by a sur- 
geon), curatio. IT The dressing of 

dead bodies, pollinctura. IT A dress- 
ing of old things, interpolatio. 

DRIFT (purpose), propositum, consilium. 

— Peace was the drift, of both, utriusque 
consilia ad concordiam spectabant. 

— What is the drift of this discourse ? 

quorsum hec oratio spectat? IT A 

drift of snow, nives exaggerate. —Drifts 
of ice, glaciei frusta fluitantia, glacies 
nuitans, glacies quam flumina trudunt. 

1 drift of sand, arene cumulus. 

IT To be a-drift (of a ship), ferri ad arbi- 
triurh ventorum, esse ludibrio ventis. 
|| See Drive. 

To Drift, v. a. fevre ; rejicere aliquo ; in 
litus ejicere : — (throw into heaps), exag- 

DRILL, terebro, perforo. IT (train), 

(milites) exercere. 

Drill, subst. terebra. 

DRINK, bibo, poto. — To drink flat, va- 
pide se habere. — To drink well, bono 
gustu esse. — To drink, about or round, 
in ordinem bibere. — To drink all day 
long, ad vesperam perpotare. — To 
drink away care, vino or potu angores 




animi diluere ; bibendo curas pellere. — 
To drink excessively or very hard, per- 
gnecor ; Gra^co more bibere, plenas 
vini amphoras haurire, largioriBus po- 
culis se ingurgitare ; perpotare, stre- 
nue potare. — To drink down sorrow, 
dulci mala vino lavere, Hor. — To 
drink one's Jill, sitim explere. — To 
drink a good draught, pleno haustu 
bibere, se proluere. — To drink and be 
friends, aptum ad conciliandum crate- 
rem bibere, poculis conciliari. — To 
drink in, imbibo. — To drink a little too 
much, meliuscule quam sat est bibere. 

— off or up, absorbeo, ebibo, epoto, ex- 
haurio, exinanio. — To drink up all, 
ebibo, epoto. — To drink often, potito. — 
To drink a parting- cup, cum discedente 
amico unum aut alterum poculum ex- 
siccare. — To drink by sips, sorbillare. — 
To drink to or unto, praebibo, propino. — 
I drink this cup to you, nunc scyphum 
tibi propino. — To drink to one's health, 
alicui salutempropinare, amicum nomi- 
natim vocare in bibendo. — To drink 
together, compoto, combibo. — To drink 
for the victory, ob victos hostes bibere. 

Drink, s. potus. — Good, strong, potus 
generosus. — Diet, p. ex herbarumsucco 
confectus. — Small, potus tenuis. — Stale, 
potus diu confectus. — Dead, vappa. — 
A drink-offering, I ibatio.— Gone in drink, 

ebrius, temulentus. IT A drink or 

draught, potio, haustus. 

Drinkable, quod bibi potest. 

Drinker, potor, potator. — Excessive, bi- 
bax, ebriosus. — of .wine, meri potor, vi- 
nosus, vinolentus. — One that drinks no 

strong liquor, abstemius. 9 drinking 

companion, combibo, compotor. — A 
drinking gossip, compotrix. — A drink- 
ing match, compotatio, convivium. — Of 
or for drinking, potulentus. 

Drinking, potatio. — about or round, cir- 
cumpotatio. — Continual, perpotatio. — 
Excessive, temulentia, vinolentia, largior 

potatio. IT A drinking to, propina- 

tio, Sen. 

DRIP, stillo, destillo. 

Dripping, stillatio. U The dripping, 

liquamen, eliquamen. 

DRIVE, ago, agito, pelJo. — What does he 
drive at ? quam hie rem agit ? — We 
let the ship drive, dato ventis navigio 
ferebamur. — To let a ship drive, flucti- 
bus dedere ratem. — As fast as he could 
drive, quam celerrime potuit. — To drive 
about, circumago. — asunder, dispello. 

— To drive or aim at a thing, molior, 
conor. — What does this speech of yours 
drive atl quorsum haec tua spectat 
oratio ? — To drive away, abigo, ar- 
ceo, fugo ; sorrow, bibendo curas abi- 
gere ; the time, tempus terere, conte- 
rere, fallere. — To drive back, repello, 
retroago. — To drive all before one, im- 
pedimenta omnia submovere ; fugare or 
in fugani convertere. — To drive a cart, 
wagon or chariot, aurigari ; rhedam or 
currum agere. — To drive beyond, prae- 
terago. — To drive deep, adigo, derigo. 

— To drive down, depango. — To drive 
from, abigo, propel lo. — To drive hard, 
currum citato cursu agere. — To drive 
a nail home, clavum adigere. — To 
drive in, pango, illido, infigo. — To 
drive off the stage, explodo. — To drive 
on, impello ; a design, urgeo, operi in- 
stare, aliquid moliri or conari. — To 
drive out, expello, exigo, extrudo ; of 
his wits, aliquem de mente dejicere. — 
To drive (turn) a mill, molam versare. 

— To drive a person to extremities, ali- 
quem ad incitas redigere. — To drive 
(force) one, compello, cogo. — To drive 
toward, adigo. — under, subigo. — Driv- 
en, actus, agitatus, pulsus. — The guard 
was driven from their post, presidium 
de statione dejectum fuit. — Driven 

away, abactus, profligatus, propulsus 

back, repulsus. — Driven by force, co- 
actus. — in, adactus. — out, expulsus, 
exclusus. — Driven under, subactus. — 
As white as the driven snow, candidior 
intacta nive. 

Driver, agitator, actor; (of a wagon), 

rector. 9n ass-driver, asinarius, asel- 

li agitator. — ox, bourn actor ; bubulcus. 

Driving, agitatio. — away, propulsatio. 

— back, depulsio. IT A driving forth 

or out, exactio, expulsio. 


DRIVEL, sputum, saliva. 

To Drivel, salivam ex ore emittere. 

Driveller, fatuus, ineptus, insulsus. 

DRIZZLE, stillo, roro, irroro A driz- 
zling rain, pluvia tenuis. 

DROLL, homo jocosus, ridiculus ; sannio, 
scurra ; maccus (harlequin). 

Drollery, jocus ; facetiae, lepores, sales, 
sermones ludicri ; scurrilitas. 

DROMEDARY, camelus dromas. 

DRONE (sort of bee), fucus; (slothful per- 
son), piger, segnis. 

DROOP (fade, as a flower), flaccesco, 
marcesco; marceo : (pine away), lan- 
gueo ; tabesco, contabesco. — through 
age, consenesco, senio succumbere, an- 
nis confectum esse. — through cares or 
afflictions, curis ormolestiistabescere. — 
Drooping, flaccescens, flaccidus, mar- 
cens, marcidus, languidus, tabescens. 

— Drooping through age, senescens, 
senecta. debilis. — in spirits, tristis, 
maestus ; abjectus. — In a drooping 
condition, debilis, imbecillis, infirmus. 

— To make to droop, debilito, frango. 
Drooping, s. languor. 
Droopingly, languide. 

DROP, gutta ; stilla (falling from a thing) ; 
stiria (hanging drop of ice). — A little 
drop, guttula. — Not a drop, ne tantil- 
lum quidem, ne minimum quidem. — 
Many drops make a shower, minutula 
pluvia imbrem parit ; ex granis fit acer- 
vus. — By drops, guttatim, stillatim. 

To Drop (as water), stillo, destillo. — To 
drop with a thing, stillare aliquid (e. g. 
sanguinem), manare aliqua re (e. g. 
sanguine, sudore) ; madefactum esse 
aliqua re (e. g. pluvia.). — Dropping 
wet, madidus. || v. a. instillare ali- 
quid alicui rei or in aliquid. IT To 

drop (let fall), demitto. — out of one's 
hands, e manibus amittere, emittere, 

demittere. |[ v. n. (fall down), cado, 

labor; (as houses), prolabi. — To drop 
down (faint away), animo lingui. — 

Dropping down (falling), deciduus. 

IT (let slip), omitto, praetermitto ; prae- 

tereo. IT (be vacant), vaco. 

IT (let down), demitto. IT To drop 

(steal) away, clanculum se proripere. 

IT To drop in (as company), viritim 

advenire ; intro venire, intro se inferre. 

— To drop (fall) off, decido : (die), de- 
cedo, excedo ; obeo ; e vita, abire or 
exire ; de vita migrare or demigrare ; 
morbo perire. 

Dropping, destillatio. — A dropping in 
(prop.), instillatio. — A dropping of the 
house-eaves, stillicidium. — of the eyes. 
fluxio oculorum ; lippitudo. 

DROPSY, aquae intercutis morbus, aqua 
intercus, hydrops. — in the head, hydro- 

Dropsical, aquae intercutis morbo im- 
plicitus, hydropicus. 

DROSS, scoria ; spuma. — of silver, ar- 

Drossy, scoria abundans. 

DROUGHT (dryness), siccitas (, 
when lasting) ; (thirst), sitis. 

DROVE, armenta, grex armentitius, 
pecoris agmen. — Of a drove, armenta- 
lis. — In or by droves, catervatim, gre- 

Drover, pecoris actor. 

DROWN, mergo, demergo, submerge — 
It drowns the soul too deep for, &x., ani- 
mum altius mergit, quam ut, etc. — He 
drowned himself in the sea, in mare se 
obruit or demersit. — Drowned, demer- 
sus, submersus, obrutus. IT (over- 
flow), inundo, immergo. IT To drown 

a sound, sonum obscurare. 

Drowning, demersio, submersio, immer- 

DROWSY, semisomnis, semisomnus, 
somniculosus ; somno gravis. — To 
make drowsy, sopio. — To be drowsy, 

langueo, torpeo. 9 drowsy companion, 


Drowsily, somnolente, veternose, som- 

Drowsiness, torpor, veternus. 

DRUB, fuste aliquem caedere, pectere or 

Drubbing, verberatio ; verbera. 

DRUDGE, mediastinus ; opera: calo 
(baggage-boy). — A base drudge, man- 
cipium vile. 

To Drudge (attend on a master), famulor : 

(toil hard), ingentes labores suscipere, 
perpetuis laboribus se defatigare. 

Drudgery, famulitium, servitus. — To 
do another's drudgery, magnos labores 
pro alio suscipere. — To put one to 
drudgery, servitio aliquem opprimere. 

Drudgingly, laboriose. 

DRUG, materia ex qua conficiuntur medi- 
camenta ; medicamentum. 

To Drug, medicare. 

Druggist, qui ea vendit ex quibus medi- 
camenta fiunt ; medicamentarius. 

DRUIDS, Druidae, Druides. 

DRUM, tympanum (militare). — Drum- 
stick, tympani plectrum. — A kettle- 
drum, tympanum symphoniacum (in the 

orchestra). 9 child's drum, tympanio- 

lum. — Beat of drum, pulsus (also sonus) 
tympani ; with it, tympanis pulsis. 

To Drum, tympanum pulsare. 

Drumming, tympani pulsatio. 

Drummer, tympanista, tympanotrlba. 

DRUNK, DRUNKExNT, ebrius ; temulen- 
tus, potulentus ; crapulae plenus, bene 
potus. — Drunken folk speak truth, in 
vino Veritas. — Half-drunk, semigravis. 
. — Dead drunk, vino sepultus. — To be 
well drunk, vino obrutum esse or ma- 
dere. — To make drunk, inebrio, ebrium 
facere. —Made drunk, inebriatus ; potu 
or vino oneratus. 

Drunkard, ebriosus, vinolentus, vino de- 
ditus, potator. 

Drunkenly, temulenter, ebriorum more. 

Drunkenness, ebrietas, temulentia. — 
What soberness conceals, drunkenness re- 
veals, quod est in corde sobrii, est in 

ore ebrii. 9 habit of drunkenness, ebri- 


DRY, siccus, aridus ; sterilis (barren). — 
Dry land, siccum, aridum ; tutum 
(safety). — The fountains themselves are 
dry, ipsi jam fontes sitiunt. — Very dry, 
peraridus. — Dry-shod, calceis siccis. 

IT (adry, thirsty), sitie'ns, siticulosus. 

— To be dry, sitio. — Very dry, siti ene- 

catus. IT (flat), insulsus, exilis, 

jejunus. 9 dry or poor discourse, ora- 
tio arida, exilis, jejuna, inculta. 

IT A dry or joking fellow, joculator, face- 
tus, facetiis abundans. 

To Dry (make dry), sicco, exsicco ; are- 
facio ; torrefacio (parch) ; abstergeo, ex- 
tergeo. — To dry one's tears, lacrimas 
ahstergere. — To dry in the smoke, fu- 
mo, infumo, fumo durare. — in the sun, 
insolo, sole durare. — before the fire, ad 

ienem exsiccare. IT (become dry), 

siccescere, exsiccescere, siccari, exsic- 
cari ; arescere, arefieri, exarescere. — 
To begin to dry, subarescere. — To dry 
quite, perarescere. — His body was dried 
up for want of moisture, corpus macie 

Drying (making dry), siccatio, desiccatio. 

A drying in the sun, insolatiq. 

IT A drying away for xoant of natural 
moisture, tabes. 

Dryly, sicce ; jejune, exiliter, frigide. 

Dryness, siccitas, ariditas ; jejunitas, 

DRYADS, Dryades. 

DUB (blow), ictus, plaga. 

To Dub a man knight, aliquem ntu in 
ordinem equestrem recipere. 

Dubbing, ritus quo eques in ordinem re- 

DUBIOUS, dubius, ambiguus, mcertus. 

Dubiously, dubie, ambigue, incerte. 

DUCAL. See Duke. 

DUCAT (a coin), ducatus, quern vocant. 

DUCK, anas.-— A duckling, anaticula, 

anatis pullus. 9 wild duck, anas fera, 

anas boschas (L.). — A decoy-duck, 
anas illex ; allector. — A fen-duck, fu- 

]i ra . Of a duck, anatinus. — To hunt 

ducks, anates palustres aucupari. — To 
breed ijoung ducks, anaticulas alere. — 
A place where ducks are kept, nesotro- 

To Duck (act.), submergo, aqua or in 
aquam mergere ; (neut.), se aqua, or in 
aquam submergere. — Ducked, sub- 
mersus, immersus. IT To duck or 

stoop down, subsido, se inclinare. — 
To duck with the head, caput demittere. 

DUCT, ductus. 

DUCTILE, ductilis, lentus ; flexibihs, 
mollis ; docilis. 

DUDGEON (a short dagger), pugiuncu- 
1 US . IT Dudgeon (anger), ira, indig- 




natio. — To take in dudgeon, gravor, 
indignor ; aegre, indigne, moleste ferre ; 
pro indignissimo habere. 
DUE, adj. (owing), debitus ; (requisite), 
conveniens, congruens, aptus, idoneus. 

— He set upon them in due season, eos in 
tempore aggressus est. — To be due or 
become due, debeor. — Money beginning 
to be due, pecunia coepta deberi. 

Due, s. jus, debitum, aequum. — To take 
less than his due, de jure suo decedere. — 
To give every one his due, jus suum cui- 
que tribuere. — To give the devil his due, 
ut vel hosti suum jus tribuam. 

Duly, ut decet, ut convenit, juste, recte, 
legitime: (in due form), rite: (exactly), 
accurate, diligenter. 

DUEL, pugna singularis, certamen sin- 
gulare. — To fight a duel, in certa- 
men singulare cum aliquo descende- 
re, certamen singulare cum aliquo in- 

Duellist, qui singulari certamine pug- 
nat ; homo pugnax. 

DUG, uber, papilla. 

DUKE, dux. 

Dukedom, ducatus : — ducis terras, pro- 

Dutchess, dux ; ducis uxor. 

Dutchy. See Dukedom. 

DULCET, dulcis, suavis, canorus. 

DULCIMER, sambuca. 

DULL (blunt), hebes, retusus, obtusus ; 
(dark or not clear)', obscurus, fuscus ; 
(fiat), insulsus, sine sapore. — Dull- 
sighted, cui oculi caecutiunt ; hebes. — 
Dull of hearing, surdaster. — To make 
dull, hebeto, tundo, obtundo. — To grow 
dull or blunt, hebesco. — The candle 
burns dull, candela obscuram praebet 

lucem. IT (lazy, slow), segnis ; 

(heavy), languidus, piger: (melancholy 

or sad), tristis, maestus. IT Dull of 

apprehension, stupidus, crassus, plum- 
beus, bardus ; naris obesae.. — If you be 

naturally dull, si sis natural tardior. i 

dull fellow, fungus, vir tardi ingenii 

— He grows a dull fellow, ingenii acies 
hebescit. — Trading is dull, negot' 
frigida sunt. — Of dull wit, pinguis, 
crassus. — To grow dull or heavy, tor- 
pesco, obtorpesco. — Somewhat dull or 
slow, tardiusculus. 

To Dull, hebeto, obtundo, retundo ; (ob- 
scure), obscuro. 

Dullard, hebes, bardus, fungus, stupi- 
dus; ingenii tardus, homo hebeti inge- 
nio. — A very dullard, mulo insci-- 

Dulling (making dull), hebetatio ; (darken- 
ing), obscuratio. 

Dully (sillily), insulse ; (lazily), segniter, 
tarde ; (sorrowfully), aegre, maeste. — 
More dully (i. e. bluntly), obtusius. 

Dullness (heaviness or slowness), segni- 
ties, segnitia, pigritia, inertia, tarditas, 
torpor: (of an edged tool), hebes acies: 
(of weather), ccelum nubibus obscura- 
tum : (of wit), stupor, stupiditas ; stulti- 

DULY. See Due. 

DUMB, mutus, elinguis ; infans : — (si- 
lent), mutus, tacens, tacitus ; tacitur- 
nus (habitually). — Dumb creatures, mu- 
ta animal ia. — Dumb show (a silent part), 
persona muta. — To be dumb, mutum, 
infantem esse ; non loqui ; tacere. — 
To become so, mutum fieri, obmutesce- 
re ; conticescere. — To make or strike 
one dumb, dumbfound, os alicui obstruere 
or occludere. — He was struck dumb, si- 
ne voce constitit, obmutuit. 

Dumbness, infantia lingua? ; silentium, 

DUMPLING, farinse globus cum lacte 

DUN-COLORED, fuscus, aquilus, sub- 

DUN, v. aliquem flagitare. 

Dun (one who duns), flagitator. 

Dunning, flagitatio. 

DUNCE, stipes, caudex, plumbeus ; he- 
bes, fungus. 

DUNG, stercus ; fimus.— Cow-dung, fimus 
bubulus. — Horse, fimus equinus, ca- 
ballinus. — Swine's, sucerda.— Mouse, 
muscerda. — Belonging to dung, ster- 
coraceus. — JI dung-fork, furca. — Full 
of dung, stercorosus. — A dung-hill, 
acervus stercoris ; (place for dung), ster- 
quilinium, fimetum. 

To Dung the ground, stercoro ; agrum 
stercore satiare ; agro laetamen disper- 
gere ; stercorationem facere. — Dung- 
ed, stercoratus, fimo obductus, stercore 

Dunging, stercoratio, Col. 

DUNGEON, career, career inferior ; te- 
nebrae, robur et tenebrae ; career subter- 

DUODECIMO, forma duodenaria. 

DUPE, homo credulus, insulsus, stupi- 
dus, stolidus. 

To Dupe, aliquem dolis fallere, illudere, 
ludificare- alicui os sublinere, aliquem 

DUPLICATE (doubled), duplicatus. 

Duplicate, subst. exemplar, exemplum ; 
exemplum alteram. 

DUPLICITY, fraus, fallacia, perfidia; 
simulatio et dissimulatio ; amicitia si- 

DURABLE, firmus, solidus, duraturus, 
stabilis, constans. 

Durableness, Durability, firmitas, so- 
liditas, stabilitas. 

Durably, firme, firmiter ; constanter. 

Duration, stabilitas ; perennitas, diutur- 
nitas ; perpetuitas : — tempus, spatium. 

— Of long duration, stabilis, perennis, 
diuturnus, perpetuus, diutinus. — Of 
short, caducus, fluxus, infirmus ; brevis. 

DURANCE, DURESSE (imprisonment), 
custodia, vincula. — To be in durance, 
in custodial or vinculis esse or servari ; 
custodia teneri. 

DURING, prep, per ; inter, super : — 
sometimes by a participial construction, as, 
during my absence, me absente ; during 
the continuance of the war, bello nondum 
confecto : — also by dum, as, during 
these transactions, dum haec geruntur. — 
During life, per totam vitam. — supper, 
inter ccenandum or coenam. — sleep, se- 
cundum quietem. — pleasure, dum mi- 
hi, nobis, etc. placuerit. — During my 
stay, dum interfui. 

DUSK, DUSKY, nubilus, obscurus, ob- 
nubilus, tenebricosus : fuscus. — To 
make dusky, infusco, obumbro, obscuro. 

Dusk of the evening, crepusculum. 

Duskily, obscure, occulte. 

Duskiness, obscuritas. 

Duskish, subobscurus, subnubilus; sub- 

DUST, pulvis. — It falls to the dust, ad ni- 
hil recidit. — Small dust, pulvisculus. — 
Dust of metal, ramenta, scobs. — Mill- 
dust, pollen. — Saw-dust, scobs. — To 
lay the dust, pulverem aqua conspergere 
or sedare. — To reduce to dust, in pul- 
verem redigere, resolvere. — To make 
or raise a dust, pulverem movere or ex- 
citare. — To grind a man to the dust, 
aliquem obterere. 

To Dust (throw dust upon), pulvere ali- 
quem conspergere. IT (cleanse from 

dust), abstergo, detergo ; scopis verrere : 

— (by shaking, &c), aliquid excutere, 
pulverem excutere. 

Duster, penicillus. 

Dusting (cleansing from dust), a pulvere 

Dusty, pulverulentus, pulvereus, pulveris 
plenus. — To grow dusty, pulverem col- 
ligere. — It grows dusty (a dust arises), 
pulvis oritur. 

Dustiness, vis pulveris. 

DUTCH, Belgicus. — The high Dutch, 
Germani. — The low, Belgae, Batavi. 


DUTY, offlcium, munus, partes. — It is 
your duty, tuum est. — It is my duty, 
meum est; mearum partium est; mei 
est muneris. — He thought it his duty, 
officii duxit. — It is our duty, nostrum 

officium or munus est ; ad nos spectat. 

— / thought it my duty, meum esse or ad 
me pertinere putavi. — I am obliged in 
all duty, omnium officiorum religione 
obstringor. — I desire to know my duty, 
quae sint partes meae scire cupio. — It is 
your duty to provide against these evils, 
vos his malis mederi convenit. — To do 
one's duty, munus praestare, officium ex- 
sequi, explere, facere ; officio or muneri 
satisfacere ; munere fungi or perfungi. 

— Not to do one's duty, officium suum 
non facere ; ab officio d'iscedere or dece- 
dere ; officio suo deesse. — To keep one's 
self in one's duty, officium colere, tueri, 
tenere, servare, in officio esse or mane- 
re. — To keep another person in his duty, 
aliquem continere in officio. — To pay 
one's duty to a person, munus debitum 
alicui re ferre. — To present one's duty to 
a person, aliquem salutare, alicui salu- 
tem impertire or urbanaofficia praestare. 
— Pray present my duty to him, ei, quaeso, 
meo nomine or meis verbis salutem im- 
pertias. — To be on duty as a soldier, 
militis munus obire, munus a prrefecto 
assignatum praestare ; in statione esse ; 

excubias agere, excubare. IT A duty 

(tax), vectigal; portorium (port-duty). 

Duteous, Dutiful, pius, obediens, obse- 
quens, officiosus, morigerus, verecun- 
dus ; dicto audiens. — To be dutiful to, 
obsequor, morem alicui gerere. 

Dutifully, pie, obedienter, officiose. — 
To behave one's self dutifully, pie et reve- 
renter se gerere. 

Dutifulness, pietas, obedientia. 

DWARF, nanus, pumilio, pumilus. — A 
female dwarf, nana, pumilio. 

To Dwarf, minuo, imminuo ; humilem 
reddere ; impedimento esse, quo minus 
res crescat. 

Dwarfish, minutus, pusillus, perpusillus ; 
exiguus, humilis. 

Dwarfishness, parva statura. 

DWELL, habito ; colo, incolo. — To dwell 
near, prope, juxta habitare : locum acco- 
lere. — in, aliquo loco habitare ; locum 
colere or incolere. — To dwell during the 
summer, aestivo ; — the winter, hiemo. — 
To dwell in one's house, in alien jus domo 
or apud aliquem habitare. — To be dwelt 

in (habitable), habitabilis. IT (pass 

life in a certain way), vitam agere or 

degere. IT (insist upon), insisto, im- 

moror ; morari or haerere in re. 

Dweller, habitator, incola. — by, accola, 
vicinus. — in a city, urbanus. — in a 
town, opidanus. — in the country, rusti- 
cus, rusticanus ; poet., ruricola. — in the 
suburbs, homo qui in suburbio habitat, 
suburbium incolit. — in the forest, homo 
Silvester; poet., silvicola. — Jl dweller 
in a place, without ownership, inquilinus. 

Dwelling, habitatio, commoratio. — It is 
ill dwelling by bad neighbors, aliquid mali 
propter vicinum malum. IT Jl dwell- 
ing (dwelling-place), domus, domicilium, 
sedes, habitatio. — Jl little or poor dwell- 
ing, casa, casula; tugurium; gurgustium. 

DWINDLE away, consumor, imininuor, 
evanesco, tabesco. — to nothing, ad ni- 
hilum redigi. — Dwindled away, con- 

Dwindling away, consumptio, tabes. 

DYE (color), color. — Jl deep dye, color 
satur. — A crime of a deep dye, atrox 
flagitium. — A dye-house, tinctoris offi- 

To Dye, tingo, inficio. — To dye a vermilion, 
minio ; a purple red, fuco ; a scarlet red, 
cocco tingere ; an azure, colore cseruleo 
tingere. — To dye ingrain, cocco tingere 
or inficere. — Dyed, intinctus, imbutus, 
infectus. — Double-dyed, bis tinctus, di- 

Dyer, infector, tinctor. — Scarlet, infector 
coccinorum. — Silk, infector sericorum. 

DYNASTY (government), dominatio, im- 
perium; (reigning house), domus regna- 

DYSENTERY, dysenteria. 

DYSURY, urinae difficultas. 





J? ACH, EACH ONE, quisque, unusquis- 

-*-^ que, singuli. it each word she shed 

tears, verba inter singula fuditlacrimas. 

— I had great enemies on each side, undi- 
que hostibus oppressus fui. — He set down 
twelve acres for each man, duodena in 
singulos homines jugera descripsit. — 
Each (both) of us, uterque nostrum. — 
Each the other, invicem ; alter alterum. 

— Each other, inutuo, invicem. — Taking- 
each other by the hand, manibus invicem 
apprehensis. — To love each other, inter se 
amare or diligere ; mutuo se amore com- 
plecti or prosequi. — On each side, un- 
dique, undique versus ; quoquover- 

EAGER (earnest), vehemens, acer ; avi- 
dus : (fierce), ferox, pugnax : (sharp set), 
famelicus, fame pressus. — The tiger 
being eager with hunger, exstimulata fa- 
me tigris. — Eager desire, cupido alicujus 
rei ; (cupiditatis) ardor ; impetus ; sitis ; 
summum studium ; libido vehemens. — 
jlll being eager to fight, omnibus ad pug- 
nam intentis. — i" have an eager desire 
for hunting, venandi sum maxime stu- 
diosus. — He has an eager love for horses, 
ardet studio equorum. — Having an eager 
desire for glory from his infancy, ad glo- 
riam inflammatus a pueritia. — To become 
or grow eager for a thing, exardesco ; 
amore alicujus rei ardere, flagrare, in- 
cendi, inflammari ; summopere aliquid 

Eagerly (earnestly), acriter, avide, cupi- 
de, vehementer, summo studio. — The 
dog barks eagerly, canis acrius elatrat. 

— To contend or dispute eagerly about a 
thing, de re aliqua acriter contendere, 
certare, confligere. — To look eagerly 
upon, oculis intentis aspicere. — Eagerly 
bent on a thing, magno amore rei alicu- 
jus ardens, flagrans, incensus, inflam- 

Eagerness, aviditas, cupiditas, alacritas ; 

contentio ; studium vehemens. 
EAGLE, aquila (the bird, the constellation, 

the standard). — Of an eagle, aquilinus. 

— Eagle-eyed, oculis acerrimis praeditus. 

— Eagle-bearer, aquilifer. 
Eaglet, aquilfe pullus. 

EAR, auris. — I fear lest this should one way 
or other come to my father's ears, ne aliqua 
ad patrem periculum est. — 
The loords go in at one ear and out at 
the other, dicta perfluunt. — To send one 
away with a flea in his ear, scrupulum 
alicui injicere ; aliquem frustrari. — The 
lap of the ear, auricula. — The drum, 
auris tympanum. — The holes, aurium 
meatus. — Of the ear, auricularis. — To 
fall together by the ears, inter se certare, 
pugnare. — To set together by the ears, 
discordiam concitare, dissensionem 
commovere, lites serere. — To whisper 
in the ear, insusurro, in aurem dicere ; 
tutis auribus deponere. — To give ear 
attendo, ausculto, aures alicui dare 
prasbere, patefacere, aures arrigere, ani 
mum advertere. — If you give good 
counsel, nobody lends an ear, si recte 
moneas, nemo auscultat. — To stop one's 
ears, ad aliquid aures claudere, aliquid 
in aures non recipere. — Given ear unto, 
attente auditus. — Giving ear, attentus, 
intentus, auscultans. — A giving ear, 
auscultatio. — To lend an ear to one, 
alicui auscultare, attentum se adhibere. 

— To take one by the ear, aliquem auricula 
prehendere. — A box on the ear, colaphus. 
(See Box.) — To give one a box on the ear, 
colaphum alicui ducere, impingere, in- 
fringere. — To prick up the ears, aures 
erigere, arrigere, (also fig.). — To offend 
the ear, aures offendere ; aures or auri- 
culas radere. — Let me not shock your ears, 
honos sit auribus. — To be over head and 
ears in debt, aere alieno demersum esse ; 
animam debere : in love, amore alicu- 
jus deperditum esse. — Having long ears, 
auritus ; — cropped, curtas or mutilatas 

aures habens. in ear-witness, testis I 

auritus. — An ear-picker, auriscalpium. 

in ear-wig, forficula auricularia (L.). 

in ear-ring, inauris. IT An ear 

of corn, spica. — That grows with ears, 
spicatus. — That bears ears, spicifer 

(poet.). Made of ears, spiceus. — To 

put forth ears, spicari. IT An ear (ear- 
like thing), auris (part of the plough) ; 
ansa, ansula, (handle) : — plicatura (of 
the leaf of a book). — Having ears (han- 
dles), ansatus. 

EARL, comes. — An earVs wife, comitis 

Earldom, comitatus. 

EARLY, adj. (in the morning), matutinus ; 
antelucanus (before light) : — (as to time, 
season), maturus ; prascox (of fruit). — 
From early youth, ab initio aetatis. — Too 
early, praematurus. — He is an early riser, 
bene mane surgere solet. 

Early, adv. (in the morning), mane, tem- 
pore or die matutino ; (very), bene or 
multo mane, prima luce : (of time), ma- 
ture. — He went early to bed, mature se 
ad lectum contulit. — Very early, matu- 
re admodum. — Not as yet, it is very 
early, nondum, praematurum est adhuc. 

— Early in the spring, ineunte or inci- 
piente vere. — in the summer, icinter, 
prima asstate, hieme. 

EARN wages, demereo ; stipem mereri or 
lucrari ; mercedem accipere or prome- 
reri. — Earned, labore quaesitus, lucra- 
tus, partus. 

Earning (wages), stipendium, merces. 

EARNEST (diligent), diligens, sedulus, 
attentus, gnavus, assiduus ; (vehement), 
vehemens, ardens, acer. — To be earnest 
in the performance of a thing, summo stu- 
dio in or ad aliquid incumbere. — To 
be earnest with a person, aliquem urge- 
re, alicui instare, cum aliquo precibus 
contendere. — He was very earnest with 
me, me etiam atque etiam urgebat. — 
He was earnest with you that, &c, tibi 
instabat lit, etc. H (of great impor- 
tance), magnus, gravis, magni momenti 

or ponderis. U In earnest or good 

earnest, serio ; extra jocum, ex animo, 
bona, fide, re vera. 

Earnest, or earnest-money, arrha, arrhabo ; 
auctoramentum. — To give earnest, ar- 
rham dare. 

Earnestly (diligently), diligenter, sedulo, 
attente, gnaviter : (vehemently), vehe- 
menter, ardenter, acriter, summo stu- 
dio, impense, obnixe, studiose, sollicite ; 
avide ; ambitiose ; animose, asseveran- 
ter, certatim, valde. — To entreat earnest- 
ly, obtestor, impense orare, vehemen- 
ter rogare, etiam atque etiam orare. — 
To look, intentis oculis aliquem intueri. 

— To speak, serio dicere or loqui. — So 
earnestly, t.antopere, in tantum Ex- 
ceeding' earnestly, flagrantissime, arden- 

Earnestness (diligence), diligentia, sedu- 
litas, assiduitas : (vehemence), vehemen- 
tia, ardor, fervor, studium : (soberness, 
severity), severitas. 

EARTH, tellus, terra, solum, humus ; 
terrarum orbis, terrae ; terras globus. — 
A bank of earth, agger, tumulus. — Earth 
cast up, regestum ; agger congestus. - 
To cast down to the earth, solo adaaquare 
funditus demoliri. — To commit to the 
earth, sepelio ; terraB mandare ; humo. 

— A throwing down to the earth, demoli- 
tio. — To 'make things of earth, figlinam 
exercere. — Made of earth, terrenus ; 
(earthen), fictilis, figlinus. — The art of 
making things of earth, ars figlina, plas 
tice. — A maker of things of earth, figu- 

lus, plastes. 1T A fox's earth, vulpis 


To Earth (as a fox), terram subire ; se in 

foveam abdere. 
Earthen, fictilis, figlinus, testaceus. — 

vessels, vasa fictilia, fictilia. 
Earthly, Earthy, (made of earth), terra 

concretus : (living on earth), terrenus, 
terrestris : (relating to this life), as, earth- 
ly things, res externa?, res externa? et ad 
corpus pertinentes ; opes, divitia? ; vo- 
luptates. — Earthly-minded, an Earth- 
ling, rebus externis (voluptatibus, etc.) 
nimis intentus, rerum externarum nimis 
studiosus ; homo voluptarius. A de- 
scription of the earth, terrae descriptio, 
geographia. — Earth-bred, earth-bom, ter- 
ra editus ; terrigena (poet.).— An earth- 
quake, terra? mot us, terra? tremor. 
EASE (rest), otium, quies, requies : 
(pleasure), voluptas, jucunditas ; gaudi- 
um : (freedom from pain) , doloris vacui- 
tas. — He has a writ of ease given him, 
rude donatus est. — At ease, otiosus, 
otiose. — I am well at ease, bene mecum 
agitur. — To live at ease, or take one's 
ease, requiesco ; otiose, facillime, ex 
auimi sententia agere ; genio indulge- 
re ; animo obsequi, moll iter se curare. 

— They think of nothing but taking their 
ease, voluptates maxime sequuntur. — 
He lives too much at ease, nimis sibi in- 
dulged — With ease, facile, prompte, 
nullo negotio. — III at ease, a?grotus, 
aeger, infirmus; valetudinarius, C'els. 

To Ease, levo, allevo, collevo, relevo, 
sublevo ; lenio ; levamento or levationi 
esse ; levationem afferre. — To ease a 

ship, rudentes nimis extentos laxare 

nature, alvum exonerare. — Eased, leva- 
tus, allevatus, sublevatus. — To be eased 
from taxes, tributo vacare, vectigalium 
immunem esse. 

Easement, Easing, levamen, levamen- 
tum, allevamentum, solatium : levatio, 

Easy, facilis, expeditus, promptus, pro- 
clivis. —He is a person of easy address, 
facilis est aditus ad-eum privatorum ; — 
of an easy temper, homo est facilis et 
commodus. — He saw that this was the 
easiest way to honor, illam viam sibi 
vidit expeditiorem ad honores. — It is 
easy to distinguish these matters, harum 
rerum facilis est et expedita distinctio. 

— / will do what is easy to be done, faciam 
quod in proclivi est. —What person, who 
is continually apprehensive of death, can 
be easy in his mind! mortem omnibus 
horis impendentem timens, quis poterit 
animo consistere ? — Easy of belief, cre- 
dulus ; qui sibi verba dari facile patitur. 

— Easy to be borne, facile tolerandus, 

ferendus ; tolerabilis, patibilis. 

IT Easy in one's circumstances, satis 
dives, modice locuples ; bene numatus, 
pecuniosus, opulentus. 

Easily, facile, expedite, prompte, nullo 
negotio, sine negotio. — He is easily 
turned, paulo momento hue illuc impel- 
litur. — If that may be easily done, si id 
ex facili fieri potest. — Easily rnisled, 
cereus in vitium flecti (poet.). —Easily 
to be pleased, placabilis, comis, mitis. 
IT (gently, mildly), leniter, molliter. 

Easiness, facilitas, proclivitas : — of ad- 
dress, affabilitas, comitas ; facilitas in 
admittendis hominibus : — of belief, cre- 
dulitas, credendi facilitas : — of expres- 
sion or style, expedita et profluens in di- 
cendo celeritas. 

EAST, oriens. See Wind. 

Eastern, Easterly, ad orientem vergens, 
in orientem spectans ; or by orientis 
(genit.) ; in oriente (in the east). 

EASTER, pascha, dies paschalis ; sollem- 
nia paschalia. 

Easter Eve, vigiliae paschatis. 

EAT, edo, comedo, vescor ; manduco ; 
cibum capere, capessere, sumere : jento, 
prandeo, cceno, gusto. — To eat (as cattle 
do), depasco. - To eat (nibble), arrodo. 

— To eat (as aqua fortis, &c), corrodo. 

— To eat (wear) a thing away, tero, atte- 
ro. — To eat all about, ambedo, circum- 
rodo. — To eat and drink and make good 
cheer, genio indulgere ; se molliter cu- 
rare or habere. — To eat one's victuals 




in peace, securas dapes capere. — To eat 
greedily, voro, devoro. — To eat heartily, 
acri appetitu edere. — immoderately, se 
cibis ingurgitare. — lickerishhj, ligurio, 
abligurio. — To cat into flesh, iron, &cc, 
exedo. — To eat often, esito. — To eat 
one out of house and home, aliquem co- 
medere or exedere. — To eat riotously, 
comissor, abligurio. — To eat as a sore, 
corrodo, exulcero. — To eat together, 

convivor, una cibum capere To eat 

underneath, subedo. — To eat well {keep 
a good table), laute coenare solere ; 
(taste well), jucunde sapere. — To eat up 
or devour, exedo, comedo. — To eat up a 
country, regionein vastare, populari, de- 
populari, praidari, depra?dari. — To eat 
one's words, dicta retractare. — An 
appetite to eat, cibi appetentia, aviditas 
cupiditas ; fames. — Eaten, esus, man 
sus, manducatus. — Iron eaten with rust 
ferrurn scabra rubigine rosum or exe 
sum. — Eaten round about, ambesus 
undique corrosus. — into, erosus, pere- 
sus. — Rocks eaten into by the sea, saxa 
peresa salo. — Eaten up, comesus, exesus. 

— An eating house, caupona, popina — 
Little, cauponula. 

Eatable, esculentus, edulis, quod ad 

vescendum aptum est. IT Eatables, 

res ad vescendum aptae, cibi, cibaria, 
alimenta, victus. 

Eater, qui edit. A great eater, edax, 

helluo, gurges ; estrix. — 4 dainty eater, 
liguritor. See Dainty. 

Eating, adj. edax; corrodens. 1T Eat- 
ing-stuff j esculenta. 

Eating, subst. (fare), cibus, cibi; esca ; 

EAVES, subgrundium, subgrunda The 

dropping of the eaves, stillicidium. 

Eavesdropper, auscultator. — To play the 
eavesdropper, ausculto, subausculto. 

EBB, marinorum aestuum recessus, aestus 
decessus. — On the ebb, minuente sestu. 

— Ebb and flow, marinorum aestuum ac- 
cessus et recessus. — Ebb-tide begins, 
aestus minuit. 

To Ebb (as the sea), reciproco, recedo, re- 
fluo. — To ebb and flow, crescere et de- 
crescere. — It ebbs and flows thrice a- day, 
ter in die crescit decrescitque. 

EBONY, ebenum. — Made of ebony, ex 
ebeno factus or confectus. — The ebony- 
tree, ebenus. 

EBULLITION, bullitus, aestus ; animi 
ardor, irarum aestus. 

tra aberrans : (odd), qui omnia alio mo- 
do facit. 

Eccentricity, e centro aberratio. 

ECCLESIASTICAL (of the church), ad 
ecclesiam pertinens, ecclesiasticus. 

ECHO, echo, sonus repercussus, imago 
vocis ; vocis or soni imago repercussa. 

To Echo, resono, vocem reddere or re- 
percntere. — Echoed, repercussus. 

ECLIPSE, solis or lunae defectio, sol or 
luna deficiens : sol obscuratus. 

To Eclipse, obumbro, obscuro. — another's 
glory, de alicujus fama. detrahere ; ali- 
cujus existimationem minuere. — To be 
in eclipse, or be eclipsed, deficio, obscu- 
rari, defectu laborare. 

Eclipsing, luminis obscuratio. 

Ecliptic, linea ecliptica. 

ECLOGUE, ecloga. 

ECONOMY, &c. See (Economy. 

ECSTASY, animi a sensibus alienatio ; 
furor : summa voluptas. — To be in an 
ecstasy, a sensibus alienari ; animo per- 
celli; in mentis excessum rapi. 

Ecstatic, effusa or mirifica Isetitia affec- 
tus ; a sensibus alienatus ; mentis ali- 
enatione correptus : summus. 

EDDY, aquae reciprocantis vortex. 

EDGE (brink), margo, ora ; (of a garment) , 
limbus, fimbria, (see Border) : — (of a 
knife, sword, &c), acies, acumen. — Not 
only with the edge, but with the point, nort 
solum caesim, sed punctim. — The edge 
or border of a place, extremitas. — Edge- 
tools, ferramenta acuta, or acuta acie!— 
To set an edge on, acuo, exacuo. — To 
take off the edge, hebeto — of one's stom- 
ach, latrantem stomachum hebetare. — 
To edge in, intrudo, insinuo. —Fallen 
by the edge of the sword, gladio caesus 
or occisus. — To set the teeth on edge, 
dentes hebetare or stupefacere. 

To Edge with lace, praetexo. — with gold, 

auro ambire oras. — Edged, acutus, aci- 
em habens ; — (bordered), fimbriatus. — 
A two-edged sword, gladius anceps. 

Edging (lace), fimbria. (See Lace.) 

IT Edgings in gardening, arearum orae. 

Edgeless, obtusus, retusus, hebes. 

EDIBLE. See Eatable. 

EDICT, edictum ; decretum. — To make 
an edict, edico, edicto sancire, populum 
edicto monere. — To publish an edict, 
edictum edere, proponere. 

EDIFICE, aedificium. 

EDIFY (instruct), instruo, instituo ; (ex- 
cite devotion), pios sensus in animo ali- 
cujus excitare. In edifying discourse, 

oratio ad docendum accommodata, apta, 
idonea, utilis ; oratio, qua salubriter mo- 

Edification, pietatis excitatio ; instruc- 
ts, institutio. — This is said for your 
edification, hoc tibi dictum est, hoc ad te 

EDILE, cedilis. 

EDIT, (in lucem) edere ; emittere ; foras 

Edition, editio. 

Editor, editor. 

EDUCATE, educo, instituo, instruo, tol- 
lo. — Educated, educatus, institutes, 
instructus. — Well educated, bene doctus 
et educatus, educatione doctrinaque 
puerili liberaliter institutus; liberaliter 

Education, educatio, institutio, instruc- 
tio. — Liberal, liberalis. — He received a 
good education in his youth, institutus fuit 
liberaliter educatione doctrinaque pu- 

EEL, anguilla. — As slippery as an eel, 
anguilla est, elabitur. — An eel-spear, 

EFFACE (blot out), oblitero, deleo, erado, 

expungo. IT (obscure), obscuro. — 

His virtue effaces that of others, alio- 
rum virtus illius virtute interit, et obru- 

Effacing, obliteratio, abolitio. 

EFFECT (consequence), quod efficitur ali- 
qua re'; exitus ; eventus: — (completion, 
fulfilment), effectus, exitus: — (force, 
power), effectus, vis, efficientia. — He 
brought the thing to effect, rem ad exitum 
perduxit. — These are the effects of drunk- 
enness, Ikbc ex ebrietate oriuntur. — I am 
afraid my precepts have had no good effect 
upon you, vereor ne praecepta vana sur- 
dis auribus cecinerim. — To take effect, 
effectum sortiri ; bonum or felicem ex- 
itum habere ; ad finem or effectum per- 
duci. — Of no effect, irritus, cassus, vanus. 

— To no effect, nequidquam, incassum, 
frustra, sine effectu. — In effect (really), 
re, revera, reapse : — (almost), ferme, 

fere. IT (amount), summa ; senten- 

tia. — To the same effect (substance, 
amount), in eandem sententiam. — The 
letter was to this effect, in epistola. scrip- 
turn erat his fere verbis. IT Effects, 

res, bona, fortunae, opes, facultates. — 
He settled himself and all his effects at Lon- 
don, sedem omnium rerum ac forturia- 
rum suarum Londini collocavit. 

To Effect, efficio, ad exitum perducere ; 
vincere, evincere, (followed by ut or ne). 

— Effected, effectus, confectus ; ad exi- 
tum perductus. 

Effecter, effector, effectrix. 

Effectible, quod fieri or effici potest. 

Effecting, effectio, confectio. 

Effective, Efficacious, Effectual, 
efficax. — The army consisted often thou- 
sand effective men, decern millia in armis 
erant. — in efficacious remedy , remedium 
forte, pr;esens. — To be very effectual, 
magnam vim habere. 

Effectively, revera, reapse. 

Effectually, Efficaciously, efficaci- 
ter, efficienter ; (completely), penitus, 
omnino, prorsus. 

Efficaciousness, Efficacy, efficacia, 
emcacitas, vis. — Of much efficacy, po- 
tentissimus, valentissimus. 

Efficient cause, causa efliciens. — man, 
homo diligens, strenuus. 

Efficiency, efficientia, effectus. 

EFFEMINATE, effeminatus, mollis, de- 

Effeminately, effeminate, molliter, deli- 

Effeminacy, mollifies, vita delicata. 

EFFERVESCENCE, fervor, aestus. 

EFFETE, effetus, sterilis. 

EFFICIENT, &c. See Effect. 

EFFIGY, effigies, imago, simulacrum. - 

EFFORT (endeavor), conatus, impetus, 
nixus, nisus, conamen ; contentio ani- 
mi. — To make great efforts, strenuam 
operam praestare ornavare; summa ope 
anniti. — To make one's greatest efforts 
in war in a place, totum belli impetum 
aliquo convertere; totam belli molem 
aliquo vertere. 

EFFRONTERY, impudentia, audacia, 
os ferreum or perfrictum, protervitas. 

EFFULGENT, fulgens, splendens. 

Effulgence, fulgor, splendor. 

EFFUSION, effusio. — That victory was 
not obtained without effusion of blood, non 
incruenta ilia victoria fuit ; multorurn 
sanguine ac vulneribus ea victoria ste- 

EGG, ovum. — To brood or sit on eggs, 
ovis incubare. — To hatch eggs, ova ex- 
cludere. — To lay an egg, ovum ponere 
or parere. — A new-laid egg, ovum 

recens. in old one, ovum vetustum 

or requietum. — The while of an egg, 
ovi albumen. — The yolk, vitellus ; lu- 
teum ovi. — The shell, ovi putamen. — 
Like an egg, ad formam ovi ; ovatus. 

EGG on or forward, instigo, insto, stimu- 
lo ; impello, urgeo. 

Egging on, impulsus, impulsio, instigatio, 

EGREGIOUS (e:tceZZe?i<),egregius, eximi- 
us, clarus, praeclarus, nobilis ; (gross, 
signal), insignis, summus. — Egregious 
folly, summa dementia. 

Egregiously, egregie, eximie, praeclare, 
praecipue, insigniter, valde, vehementer. 

EGRESS, egressus, exitus. — He has free 
eo-ress, ei liber patet exitus. 

EGYPT, iEgyptus. — Egyptian, ^Egyp- 

EIGHT, octo ; octoni. — The eight on 
cards, ogdoas. — Of eight, octonarius. — 
Eight o'clock, octava" hora. — Eight 
times, octies. — Eight-fold, octuplex. — 
Having eight feet, octipes. — Eight times 
as mttc/t,°octuplus, octuplo. — Eight 
times doubled, octuplicatus. — Eight 
years old, octoannos natus ; octennis. — 
Eight hundred, octingenti. — Eight hun- 
dred each, octingeni or octingenteni. — 
Of eight hundred, octingenarius. — The 
eight hundredth, octingentesimus. — 
Eight hundred times, octingenties. — 
Eight thousand, octies mille. — times, 
octies millies. 

Eighteen, octodecim. — Eighteen times, 
duodevicies. — Eighteenth, "decimus oc- 
tavus, duodevigesimus. 

Eighth, octavus. — An eighth part, octa- 
va pars. 

Eighthly, octavum. 

Eighty, octoginta. — times, octogies. — 
By eighties, eighty at a time, octogeni. — 
Of eighty, octogenarius. 

Eightieth, octogesimus. 

EITHER (the one or the other), uter, alter- 
uter, utervis," uterlibet. — If either of 
them will, si uter velit. — If either of us 
were present, si utervis nostrum adesset. 
— I am weaker than either of you, minus 
habeo virium quam vestrfim utervis. 

Either (answering to Or) is made by aut, 
vel ; or with a negative, by nee, neque ; 
as, poets desire either to profit or delight, 
aut prodesse volunt, aut delectare, poe- 
tae. — Either two or none, vel duo vel ne- 
mo. — You are not trusted on either side, 
neque in hac, neque in ilia parte, fidem 
habes. — On either part or side, utrim- 
que, utrobique; ultro citroque. 

EJACULATE, voces interruptas or in- 
con ditas edere ; clam are. 

Ejaculation, vox ; suspirium. 

Ejaculatory, perclamorem (or inter sus- 
piria) editus ; abruptus, interruptus. 

EJECT (cast out), ejicio, expello, exturbo. 

Ejection, ejectio, expulsio. 

EKE out, produco, augeo, adjicio ; (make 
the most of), parce et frugaliter dispen- 

ELABORATE, elaboratus. elucubratus, 
absolutus, accuratus, consummatus, 
summa. curl or diligentia confectus ; 
quod olet lucernam. 
Elaborately, accurate, diligenter. 
ELAPSE, exactum esse ; intersum, inter- 
jicior ; intercedo. — More than six years 
'have now elapsed, amplius sunt sex anni. 




— Elapsed, interjectus, praeteritus. — Cas- 
sius followed after a few days were elapsed, 
Cassius paucis post diebus consequeba- 

ELASTIC, vi resiliendi praeditus ; elasti- 
cus : fig. hilaris, alacer. 

Elasticity, vis resiliendi, vis elastica. 

ELATE, superbum aliquem facere or red- 
dere ; superbia aliquem inflare. — To 
be elated, superbio, insolesco, intumes- 
co ; superbia eft'erri, extolli, inflari. 

Elated (lifted up), elatus, superbus, tu- 
mens, inflatus. 

Elation, superbia j efl'usum gaudium. 

ELBOW, cubitus. — He is always at my 
elbow, a. latere meo nunquam decedit; 
assiduus est comes. — To be always at 
one's elbow, aliquem assidue comitari. — 
Elbow-wise, sinuosus. — To give elbow- 
room, spatium cedere ; remotius sedere. 

— To lean on the elbow, in cubitum inni- 
ti. — To elbow one, cubito summovere 
or ferire. 

ELDER tree, sambucus. — Of or belong- 
ing to an elder-tree, sambuceus. 

ELDER (in age), major natu. — Elder 
times, tempora antiqua. 

Elders, majores, veteres, proavi. 

IT An elder (of the church), presbyter. 

Elderly, aetate provectior. 

Eldest, maximus natu. 

ELECT (choose), eligo, deligo, seligo; 
creo, facio. 

Elect, adj. — Consul elect, consul desig- 

Election, electio, delectus; comitia. — 
The day of election, dies comitiorum. 

Elective king, rex qui eligitur. 

Elector (chooser), elector ; qui jussuffra- 
gii habet. — A prince elector, elector. 

Electoral, ad electorem pertinens. 

Electorship, Electorate, electoratus. 

ELECTRIC, electricus. 

Electricity, vis or natura electrica. 

To Electrify, vi electrica imbuere. 

ELECTUARY, electarium medicamen- 

ELEEMOSYNARY, ad stipis largitionem 

ELEGANT (in speech), elegans,eloquens, 
disertus. — in apparel, comptus, politus, 
mundus, nitidus, concinnus. —in man- 
ners, urban us. — Very elegant, perele- 

Elegance, elegantia, eloquentia; venus- 
tas, verborum concinnitas. — in apparel, 
ornatus, cultus ; mundities. — in man- 
ners, urbanitas. 

Elegantly, eleganter, accurate, ornate, 
venuste, splendide ; urbane. 

ELEGY, elegia. 

Elegiac, elegiacus. 

ELEMENT (first principle), elementum, 
principium: (letter), litera, elementum. 

— He is out of his clement, ab illins inge- 
nio abhorret ; in hujusmodi negotiis ad- 
mod um est hospes. — The four elements, 
quatuorelementa, quatuor initia rerum. 

Elementary, ad elementa pertinens ; ele- 
mentarius. — knowledge, prima rud" 
menta discendi ; prima discipline al 
cujus cognitio. — instruction, institutio 

ELEPHANT, elephas, elephantus. — A 
young elephant, elephantis pullus. — To 
bray like an elephant, barrio. in ele- 
phant's trunk, manus elephanti, probos- 

Elephantine, elephantinus. 

ELEVATE, levo, tollo, attollo, eveho ; 
(make cheerful), hilaro, exhilaro, oblecto. 

— To elevate one to honors, aliquem ad 
honores provehere or promovere. — To 
elevate (praise) a person to the skies, lau- 
dibus aliquem ad ccelum usque extolle- 
re. — Elevated with liquor, potu exhila- 
ratus. — Elevated in his own conceit, glo- 
riosus ; plus tequo sibi tribuens ; nimi- 
ii m sibi placens. 

Elevation, elatio, sublatio. — to honors, 
promotio ad honores. — of spirit, inge- 
nii sublimitas, ingenium altum. — of 
the voice, vocis contentio or intentio. 
IT (height), altitudo. 

ELEVEN, undecim ; undeni. — Posses- 
sion is eleven points of the law, in aequali 
jure melior est conditio possidentis. — 
Of eleven, undenarius. — Eleven times, 
undecies. — Eleven hundred, undecies 
centum ; undecies centeni. — times, 
undecies centies. — Eleven thousand, 

undecies mille, undecim millia. — times, 
undecies millies. 

Eleventh, undecimus. 

ELF (dwarf), pumilio, nanus : — (hobgob- 
lin), larva. — Elves, larvae, Iemures. 

ELICIT, elicio. 

ELIGIBLE, qui eligi potest ; eligendus; 
idoneus : — optabilis, optandus ; corn- 
modus, bonus. 

ELISION, elisio. 

ELIXIR, potio medicata ; elixirium. 

ELK, alces. 

ELL, ulna ; cubitus. — Of an ell, cubitalis. 

ELLIPSIS, ellipsis. 

Elliptical, ellipticus. 

ELM, ulmus. — An elm nursery, ulmari- 
um. — Of elm, ulmeus. 

ELOCUTION, elocutio, dicendi facultas. 

ELOPE, a marito discedere, abscedere, 
recedere. — Eloped, a marito fugitiva. 

Elopement, uxoris fuga. 

ELOQUENT, facundus, eloquens, diser- 
tus. — Very, facundia prastans, perelo- 
quens, dicendo admirabilis or divinus. 

Eloquently, facunde, diserte, eloquen- 
ter. — Not eloquently, inculte, horride, 

Eloquence, facultas dicendi, eloquen- 
tia, facundia ; copia dicendi, vis dicen- 
di. — He excelled all persons of those times 
in eloquence, eloquentia omnes eo prae- 
stabat tempore ; iis temporibus principa- 
tum eloquentiae tenebat. — Excelling in 
eloquence, singulari orationis suavitate 
prreditus. — Flow of eloquence, largus et 
exundans ingenii fons ; flumen ingenii. 

— Wanting eloquence, infacundus, indi- 
sertus, minime disertus. — To speak 
without eloquence, inculte et horride Jo 

ELSE (beside), praeterea. — I feared him, 
and nobody else, nunc unum metui, 
praterea neminem. — Who else? quit 

item? IT Else (more), adhuc, am 

plius, porro, praterea. — Unless perhap, 
you will have any thing else, ni quid ad 
hue forte vultis. — Is there any thing 

else yet ? etiamne est quid porro ? 

IT Else (other), alius. — No man else 
alius nemo, non alius quisquam 

— Elsewhere, alibi, aliubi. — • Any where 
else, alicubi. — From somebody else, aliun 
de. — Nor could you hear it of any body 

else, neque audire aliunde potuisses. 

caeteroquin. — Else the foregoing reme- 
dies will do no good, aliter vana erunt 
priedicta remedia. 1T Or else (an- 
swering to whether), sive ; an: — (ft 
either), aut, vel. — Either let him drink 
or else be gone, aut bibat, aut abeat. — 
Drink it or else you must die, nisi bibas 
moriendum est. 

ELUCIDATE (clear), explico, expono 
enodo ; perspicuum reddere. 

Elucidation, explicatio, expositio. 

ELUDE, eludo, evito, evado, subterfugio 
effugio. — the law, fraudem legi adhi 
be re. 

Eluding, evitatio ; deceptio. 

ELYSIAN fields, campi Elysii ; laetaarva ; 
lretee sedes ; fortunata nemora. 

EMACIATE (make lean), emacio, macero, 
emacero ; macilentum reddere. — Ema- 
ciated, emaciatus, macer, macie extenu- 
atus or confectus. — To become so, ma- 
ce see re, emacescere. 

EMANCIPATE (set free), emancipo; ab 
aliena potestate liberare ; in libertatem 

Emancipation, emancipatio. 

EMASCULATE (geld), castro ; (weaken), 
enervo, debilito. 

EMBALM, pollingo ; arte medico ; con 

Embalmer, pollinctor. 

Embalming, pollinctura. 

EMBARGO, navium retentio. — To lay 
an embargo, naves retinere. 

EMBARK, navem conscendere. — 
army, imponere exercitum in naves.- 
l\To embark inan affair, negotio se impli- 
care or involvere ; rem aliquam aggredi, 
agendam suscipere, in se recipere. — h 
the same design, ejusdem consilii partici 
pem esse. — Embarked or engaged, in re 
aliqua occupatus. 

Embarkation, in navem conscensio. 

EMBARRASS, impedio, prspedio : (put 
one out), animum alicujus implicare, 
confundere, menlem turbare. 

Embarrassment, implicatio, perturbatio, 

mens turbata; impedimentum. 
EMBASSY, legatio, Iegationis munus. 
— — IT (the ambassadors), legatio ; legati ; 
qui missi sunt. See Ambassador. 
EMBATTLED (as an army), instructus, 
ordinatus ; (as a wall or fortification), 
opere or manu munitus. 
EMBELLISH, polio, orno, exorno, adorno, 

decoro, condecoro. 
Embellisher, qui ornat aliquid. 
Embellishment, ornamentum, ornatus. 
EMBER week, unum ex quatuor tempori- 
bus jejunii. — Embering days, feriae 
esuriales, vigiliae. 
EMBERS, favilla. — Of embers, cine- 

EMBEZZLE, averto, interverto, suppri- 

moj (purloin), surripio, clam auferre 

To embezzle the public money, pecuniam 
publicam avertere ; peculatum facere. 

Embezzler of the public money, peculator. 

Embezzlement, argenti circumductio ; 
peculatus (publicus). 

EMBLEM, symbolum ; imago ; signum. 

Emblematical, symbolicus. 

Emblematically, symbolice. 

EMBODY, concorporo. 


EMBOSS, caelo. — The art of embossing, 
toreutice. — Embossed work, caelatum 
opus ; prostypum, toreuma. — plate, ar- 
gentum signis asperum. 

Embosser, caelator, anaglyptes. 

Emrossing, caslatura. 

EMBOWEL, exentero. 

EMBRACE, amplector, complector. — 
about, circumplector ; gremio fovere ; 
brachia collo circumdare. — To embrace 
one another, se mutuo amplecti. — Em- 
braced, amplexu exceptus. 

Embrace, subsl. amplexus, complexus. — 
about, circumplexus. 

EMBROIDER, acu pingere. — with gold, 
auro aliquid distinguere. — Embroidered, 
acu pictus, pictus, auro distinctus. 

Embroiderer, mulier acu pingendi peri- 
ta ; mulier acu pin gens (at wo?-k). 

Embroidery (the art), ars acu pingendi. 

IT (the fabric), opus acu pictum or 

factum, opus Phrygionium, pictura acu 

EMBROIL, confundo, perturbo, turbo, 
misceo, permisceo. — a state, res novas 

moliri.' IT (sow discord among friends), 

inter amicos discordiam or dissidium 

EMBRYO, fetus immaturus. 

EMENDATION, correctio, emendatio. 

EMERALD, smaragdus. — Of an emerald, 

EMERGE, emerge 

Emergency, casus, occasio, res nata. 

EMETIC, adj. vomitorius, vomitum pro- 
vocans. — An emetic, vomitorium. 

EMIGRATE, ex aliquo locomigrare,emi- 
grare, demigrare ; patriam mutare or 

Emigration, migratio, demigratio. 

Emigrant, qui solum mutat, qui e patria 
migrat ; colonus (colonist, settler) . 

EMINENT, eminens ; insignis, conspicu- 
us, eximius, egregrius. — A virtue in 
which Pompey is so eminent, virtus quag 
est in Pompeio singularis. — To be emi- 
nent in any art or profession, aliqua arte 
excellere, praecellere, valere. 

Eminently, insigniter, eximie, egregie. 

Eminence (dignity), dignitas, nobilitas; 

eminentia, splendor. <2 person of great 

eminence, vir clarus, praeclarus, eximius, 
egregius, illustris, nobilis, insignis, sum- 

mus. 1T An eminence (high place), 

locus editus. 

EMISSARY, legatus, missus ; explorator, 
speculator, (scout). 

EMIT (send forth), emitto. 

Emission, emissio. 

EMMET, formica. 

EMOLUMENT (profit), emolumentum, 
lucrum, commodum. 

EMOTION, agitatio, commotio, incitatio. 
— of mind, animi motus ; animi pertur- 

EMPALE (a malefactor), palo transfigere ; 
palum per medium hominem adigere. 

EMPANEL, seligo, designo. 

EMPEROR, imperator ; Cresar, Augustus. 

in empress, imperatrix ; uxor impe- 

ratoria ; Augusta. — Of an empcrur, im« 




EMPHASIS, emphasis ; vis in dicendo. 

Emphatical, emphasim habens ; gravis. 

Emphatically, cum emphasi; cum vi, 

EMPIRE, imperium. 

EMPIRIC, qui experientiam sequitur du- 
cem ; empiricus. 

Empiricism, empirice. 

Empirically, usu, experimentis. 

EMPLEAD, diem alicui dicere ; in jus 
aliquem trahefe, reum agere ; actionem 
alicui intendere. 

EMPLOY (bestow, use), adhibeo, confero, 
impendo, insumo, pono, impertio. — He 
employed all his thoughts on that one ■par- 
ticular, ad id unum omnes cogitationes 
intendit. — He is fit to be employed about 
it, dignus est eo munere. — This ought 
to employ all your pains, digna res est, 
ubi tu nervos intendas tuos. — He em- 
ploys his precious time ill, horas bonas 
male collocat. — To employ or busy one's 
self about, se aliqua re implicare. — To 
employ another, negotium alicui dare or 
comrnittere. — To employ (take up, en- 
gage), occupo. — To employ one's money 
in works of charity and liberality, pecuni- 
am ad beneficentiam liberalitatemque 
conferre. — To employ one's self constant- 
ly in study, hasrere in libris. — To keep one 
employed, occupatum aliquem tenere. — 

To be employed, occupor, versor. 

|| But see Busy. 

Employing, occupatio. 

Employment, ars, studium ; quajstus ; 

EMPORIUM, emporium. 

EMPOVERISH, ad paupertatem, inopi- 
am, egestatem redigere. — Their nation 
being impoverished, exhaustis patriae fa- 
cultatibus. — To empoverish (land), steri- 
lem reddere. 

EMPOWER, liberum alicujus rei arbitri- 
um alicui permittere 5 mandare alicui, 
ut, etc. 

EMPTY (void), inanis, vacuus; (vain, 

unprofitable), vanus, inutilis. Qn empty 

fellow, fatuus, tardus, insulsus. — title, 
merus titulus, merum noinen. — jar, 
epota amphora. — To be empty, inanem 
esse, vacuum esse, vacare. — To grow 
empty, inanem fieri. — Somewhat empty, 

To Empty, vacuo, evacuo ; exhaurio, ina- 
nio, exinanio. — To empty a pond, aquam 
stagno emittere ; stagnum desiccare. — 
To empty out of one vessel into another, 
capulo, transfundo. — Emptied, evacua- 
tus, exhaustus, exinanitus. 

Emptily, leviter, vane, futiliter. 

Emptiness, inanitas, vacuitas; vacuum. 

Emptying, exinanitio. 

EMPURPLED, purpureo colore tinctus. 

EMPYREAL, empyraeus, Eccl. 

EMULATE (envy), alicui invidere or 
ffimulari; aliquem or cum aliquo smu- 
lari: — (imitate), semulor, imitor ; ali- 
quem imitando effingere or exprimere ; 
aliquem imitatione assequi or conse- 

Emulation, aemulatio, certatio. 

Emulator, aemulus. 

Emulous, aemulus. 

Emulously, cum aemulatione. 

ENABLE one, alicui vires sufficere, sub- 
ministrare, suppeditare. — lam enabled 
to do this, hoc possum facere. 

ENACT, legem jubere, sciscere, accipere ; 
decerno, sancio. 

Enactment (law, Sec), populi jussum; 
senatusconsultum, decretum ; lex. 

ENAMEL, subst. vitrum metallicum ; (the 
work), opus vitri metallici. 

To Enamel, vitrum metallicum induere. 

ENAMORED of, amore accensus, cap- 
tus, inflammatus. — Desperately, perdite 
amans aliquam ; amore alicujus deper- 
ditus. — To grow enamored of, alicujus 
amore accendi ; perdite amare. 

ENCAMP, castra ponere, locare, collo- 
care. constituere. 

Encampment, castra. 

ENCHAIN, catenis vincire ; compedibus 

ENCHANT, lingua fascinare, incanto ; 
(captivate), capio, rapio, delinio. 

Enchanter, magus, veneficus, incanta- 

Enchantingly, blandissime, jucundissi- 

Enchantment, incantatio, fascinatio ; 

incantamentum, carmen, fascinum, 

Enchantress, venefica. 

ENCHASE, caslo ; auro etc. inserere. 

ENCIRCLE, cingo, circumsto, circumse- 
deo, sepio, circumsepio, circumdo. 

ENCLOSE, includo : claudo, concludo, 
cingo, sepio, circumsepio, circumcludo, 

Enclosing, inclusio, circumseptio, cir- 

Enclosure, septum, sepimentum, con- 
septum. — To break down enclosures, 
sepimenta conculcare or dirumpere. 

ENCOMIUM, laus, laudatio. 

Encomiast, laudator. 

ENCOMPASS, ambio, circumdo, cingo. 

Encompassing, s. complexus, ambitus. 

ENCOUNTER, v. congredior, occurro, 

Encounter (meeting), congressus, occur- 
sus : (fight), certamen, pugna, proelium, 
dimicatio ; concursus. — The success 
of the encounter xoas various, vario cer- 
tamine pugnatum est. 

ENCOURAGE, animo, instigo, hortor, 
exhortor, adhortor, cito, incito, con- 
firmo ; exstimulo; animum addere. — 
He encouraged peaceful arts, fovit artes 
pacis. — To encourage (prefer), in am- 
pliorem gradum promovere or evehere. 

— To encourage by clapping the hands, 

Encourager, hortator, adhortator, in- 
stimulator, exstimulator. 

Encouragement, hortatus, hortatio, con- 
firmatio, stimulatio, incitatio, cohorta- 
tio, incitamentum, stimulus, hortamen- 
tum. — To meet with encouragement, 
rebus ad aliquid agendum necessariis 
supped itari. 

ENCROACH, invado. — upon one'srights, 
aliquem interpellare in jure ipsius, jus 
alicujus violare. — one's property, in- 
vadere, involare or manus porrigere in 
alicujus possessiones. 

Encroachment, vis ; violatio ; injuria 
illata ; impetus in res alienas fac.tus. 

ENCUMBER, impedio, praepedio, impli- 
co, negotiis aliquem distringere. — An 
estate much encumbered, res familiaris 
cere alieno obruta. 

Encumbering, Encumbrance, mora, im- 
pedimentum, impeditio. 

END, finis, extremum ; terminus ; also 
by the adj. extremus, ultimus : — {event, 
issue), exitus, eventus. — From the be- 
ginning to the end, a carceribus ad cal- 
cem. — At the end of the street, in ultima 
platea..— At the end of the year, exeunte 
anno. — At seven years' end, septennio 
peracto. — I fear what will be the end of 
it, timeo quorsum evadat. — He came 
from the farthest ends of the earth, ab ul- 
timis terrarum oris profectus est. — The 
end or plot of a play, exitus, catastrophe. 

— An ill end, exitium, pernicies. — In 
the end, demum, denique, tandem. — In 
the latter end of summer, extremo aesta- 
tis. — Upon end, erectus. — Near an 
end, prope ad finem adductus. — 
To make or bring to an end, conficio, 
defungor, perficio; ad finem adducere 
or perducere. — happily, ad exitum feli- 
cem, bonum, secundum perducere. — 
What's the end of the story ? quid fit de- 
nique ? — To have it at one's fingers' 
ends, memoria or memoriter tenere ; 
probe meminisse ; tanquam ungues 
scire. — About the end of one's life, ex- 
tremo vitae tempore. IT (aim, design), 

consilium. — With this end in view, hac 
mente ; hoc consilio. — To the end that, 
eo consilio ut, etc.; ut. — To what end 1 
quorsum ? — To what end do you say 
this ? quorsum isthoc ? — To the same 
end, eodem. — For which end, quocirca, 
qua de causa. — For this end, hujus rei 
causa. — I do not speak of it for this end, 

non ideo hoc dico. IT To no end, 

frustra, necquicquam. — It is to no end 
in the world, frustra operam sumis ; late- 
rem lavas. 

To End (act.), finio, termino, finem fa- 
cere alicui rei or alicujus rei ; concludo. 
(See Close.) — The thing might have been 
fairly ended, res ad otfum deduci pos- 
set. — To end (neut.), finior, terminor, 
desino, finem habere or capere ; ex- 
itum habere ; evenio. (See Cease.) — 
That the speech may end the belter, quo 


melius cadat oratio. — Ended, finitus, 
confectus, perfectus. — Nut ended, in- 
fectus, imperfectus, nondum finitus. 

Ending of a controversy, controversiae 
diremptio. — of a word, vocis termina- 

Endless, infinitus ; nullis finibus cir- 
cumscriptus ; fine carens ; sempiter- 

Endlessly, infinite, ad infinitum ; in 
perpetuum, in reternum. 

Endlessness, infinitas ; immortalitas, 
sempiternitas ; infinitum tempus. 

Endlong, rectus ; recta (adv.). 

Endwise, rectus, erectus; recte. 

ENDANGER, in periculum (or discri- 
men) adducere or vocare. See Danger. 

ENDEAR, obligo ; demereor, devincio ; 
carum reddere. 

Endearment (love), amor : (charm, at- 
traction), venus, venustas, gratia ; blan- 
dimenta, lenocinia: (dalliance), lusus. 

ENDEAVOR, subst. contentio, intentio, 
opera, labor, conatus, studium, nisus. 

— By his persuasion and endeavor, illo 
auctore atque agente. — With great en- 
deavor, enixe, summo opere. 

To Endeavor (do one's endeavor), Conor, 
nitor, enitor, molior, studeo, operam 
dare or navare. — / endeavor it all Ican y 
id ago sedulo. — To endeavor to get, 
consector, expeto. — to attain, ad ali- 
quid aspirare. — To endeavor earnestly, 
contendo ; in rem aliquam diligenter or 
summo studio incumbere ; summa ope 

ENDIVE, intubus, intubum. 

ENDLESS, &c. See End. 

ENDORSE on the back side, in tergo scribe- 
re or inscribere. — Endorsed, in tergo» 
scriptus ; in aversa pagina or parte in- 
scriptus ; opisthographus. 

Endorser, qui nomen suum in averss\ 
parte inscribit. 

Endorsement, in aversa parte nominis 

ENDOW (give a portion), doto, dotem 
prrebere. IT To endow the mind, ani- 
mum instruere, ornare, decorare. 

Endowment (giving), donatio : (gift), 
donum, munus, (also fig., of the gifts of 
nature and fortune) ; dos (fig.) : (by 
will), res in morte alicujus testament© 
instituta; legatum. 

ENDUE, dono ; imbuo. — Endued, prae- 
ditus, donatus ; affectus. 

ENDURE, fero, patior, tolero. — He could 
endure cold, watching and hunger to a 
miracle, algoris, vigiliae et famis erat 
patiens supra quam cuiquam credibile 
est. — He cannot endure to marry, ab- 
horret a nuptiis or a re uxoria. — I can- 
not endure the house, durare nequeo in 
.edibus. — Able to endure, patiens. — 
Having endured, passns, perpessus. — 
Not to be endured, i'ntolerabilis, non fe- 
rendus. — Enduring, perpetiens, tole- 
rans. IT (continue), duro, perduro. 

— Enduring long, diuturnus. — Endur- 
ing forever, aeternus, sempiternus, per- 

Enduring, Endurance (patience), tole- 
rantia, patientia: (duration), duratio. 

ENDWISE. See End. 

ENEMY, hostis (open enertty, especially 
public or national enemy) ; inimicus (at 
heart and in private relations) ; adversa- 
rius (opponent, antagonist). — He is an 
enemy to peace, a pace abhorret. — He 
is friends with his enemies, cum inimi- 
cis in gratiam rediit. — They durst 
not look the enemy in the face, ne aspec- 
tum quidem hostis sustinere valuerunt. 

— A deadly enemy, inimicissimus, hos- 
tis infestissimus. in avowed enemy, 

hostis or inimicus apertus or declaratus. 

— A mortal, enemy, hostis or inimicus ca- 
pitalis, acerbissimus, acerrimus, impla- 
cabilis, vehementer infensus. — Of an 
enemy, hostilis ; hostis (genit.). — Like 
an enemy, hostiliter, inimice, infeste, 
infense. — To make one's self enemies, 
odium contrahere. 

Enmity, inimicitia (commonly in pi.), 
odium, simultas. — To be at enmity with 
one, inimicitias (simultates) cum aliquo 
habere, gerere, exercere. 

ENERGY, vis, virtus, efficacia. 

Energetic (forcible), magna vi praditus, 
valens, vehemens. 

ENERVATE, enervo, debilito, infirmo.— 




Enervated, enervatus, enervis, debilita- 
tus, languidus. 

Enervation, debilitatio, infirmatio. 

ENFEEBLE, infirmo, debilito; vires im- 
minuo or comminuo. 

Enfeebling, debilitatio, infirmatio; vi- 
rium infractio. 

ENFEOFF, fidei alicujus committere, 
credere, concredere : — (give land to 
one), prsRdio aliquem donare. 

ENFORCE (compel), compello, cogo: 
(strengthen), confirmo, roboro, corrobo- 
ro. — by arguments, argumentis confir- 
mare. — by necessity, adigo, subigo. 

Enforcement, corjfirmatio; inculcatio, 

Enforcer, qui cogit, impulsor. 

ENFRANCHISE (a slave), manumitto ; 
manu emittere; ad pileum vocare : — 
(make free of a city), aliquem civitate do- 

Enfranchisement, civitatis donatio ; vin- 

ENGAGE one, obligo, devincio ; gratiam 
ab aliquo inire. — To engage one's hon- 
or upon any account, in aliquam rem 
fidem suam interponere. — Engaged in 
love, amore implicates, irretitus, captus. 

IT To engage or pass his word, spon- 

deo, vador ; fidem obstringere, vadimo- 
nium praestare. — I engage to do it, 
fidem do, ad me recipio. — Iwill engage 
you could never lay out your money better, 
praestabo numum nunquam melius poni 

posse. IT To engage (in battle), con- 

fligo, concurro, congredior ; prcelium 
inire or committere ; prcelio confligere ; 
manus conserere. IT To engage him- 
self in an action, se aliqua re implicare, 
miscere ; in se aliquid suscipere. — To 
be engaged in an affair, aliqua re occu- 
pari, distineri, implicari. 

Engagement (fight), pugna, prcelium, 

certamen, congressus, concursus. 

IT An engagement (passmg one's word), 
sponsio ; vadimonium. 

Engaging (pleasant), jucundus, suavis. 

ENGENDER, genero, gigno ; fig., see Be- 
get. — Engendered together, congeni 

Engendering, generatio. 

ENGINE, machina, machinatio, machi- 
namentum ; (device), artificium, tech 
na, stropha. — Military engines, tor 
menta ; opera. — Fire-engine, sipho. 

Engineer, machinator, machinarum ar 
tifex ; architectus militaris. 

ENGTRD, cingo ; circumcingo. 

ENGLAND, Anglia; Britannia (Brit- 

English, Anglicus, Anglicanus ; Britan- 
nicus. — Englishmen, Angli, Britanni. 

IT To speak, write English, Anglice 

loqui, scribere. — To turn into English, 
Anglice reddere or vertere. 

ENGRAVE, incldo; scalpo, insculpo. 

Engraver, gemmarum scalptor (of gems) 
clialcographus (in copper). 

Engraving in copper (the art), chalcogra 
phia ; (the figure), figura aenea, imago 

ENGROSS (buy up), coemo, merces fla- 
gellare ; (occupy), occupo. (See Busy.) 

IT To engross a deed, in tabulas in 

ferre o?- referre ; tabulas conficere. — < 
writing, latius exscribere ; majusculis 
Uteris exarare ; majoribus Uteris pul 
chre perscribere. — Fairly engrossed 
scite or pulchre majoribus Uteris per 

Engrosser of commodities, mercium fla 

ENHANCE the price, pretium augere or 
accendere. — of victuals, annonam fla- 
gellare or incendere. — Enhanced in 
price, pretio auctus. 

Enhancement, pretii auctio or auctus. 

ENIGMA (riddle), aenigma. 

Enigmatical, obscurus. 

Enigmatically, obscure. 

ENJOIN, injungo, jubeo, mando, impe- 
ro, praecipio. 

ENJOY, fruor; possideo ; utor. — one't 
self, sese oblectare. — Enjoyed, percep- 

Enjoyments (pleasures), voluptates,pZ. 

ENKINDLE, accendo. 

ENLARGE (extend, increase), amplifico 
amplio, augeo, dilato, extendo : (up- 
on a subject), copiose, fuse or late de re 
aliqua loqui: (set free), vinculis exsolve 
re, e custodia. emittere ; liberare — To 

enlarge a hotise, accessionem aedibus fa- 
cere or adjuhgere. 

Enlarger, amplificator. 

Enlarging, Enlargement, amplificatio ; 

laxamentum. IT An enlargement (out 

of prison), e custodia emissio ; libera- 

ENLIGHTEN, illumino, collustro, illus- 
tro ; lucem afferre : fig. erudio, ex- 

Enlightening, illustratio 5 illuminatio, 

Enlightener, qui illuminat, etc. 

ENLIVEN, hilaro, exhilaro, laetifico, am- 
nio ; animum addere or renovare. 

Enlivening, animatio ; animi relaxa- 

ENMITY. See Enemy. 

ENNOBLE, nobilito, orno, illustro ; (make 
a commoner a nobleman), no